Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

37. Chromosomes are found in which cell structure?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Cell membrane
Nucleus

38. A diploid cell can be represented by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

N
N2
2N
2N2

39. Which of these processes occur during mitosis?

I
II
III
IV

Crossing Over
Chromosomes become
shorter
Formation of spindles
Two cell divisions
a)
b)
c)
d)

II and III
I and IV
I and II
III and IV

40. The genotype for a character written as Aa can be described as


a)
b)
c)
d)

Homozygous dominant
Heterozygous
Homozygous recessive
None of the above

41. Which of the following sentences correctly describes an allele?


a)
b)
c)
d)

An
An
An
An

allele
allele
allele
allele

is a length of DNA in a chromosome


is an alternative form of a single gene
describes the physical appearance of an individual
is the genetic makeup for a characteristic

42. An example of discontinuous variation is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Height
Skin colour
Gender
Body mass

43. Recombinant DNA technology involves three stages:


I
II

A gene within its vector is transferred


to the host
A gene is inserted into a carrier

III

A gene is isolated form the donor

Which is the correct order of the stages?


a)
b)
c)
d)

I, II, III
I, III, II
II, III, I
III, II, I

44. Which of the following pairs of conditions are sex linked?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Albinism and sickle cell anaemia


Sickle cell anaemia and haemophilia
Haemophilia and red-green colour blindness
Red- green colour blindness albinism

45. Genetic variation CANNOT result from which of the following?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Assortment of chromosomes in meiosis


Crossing over in chromosomes
Random fertilization of gametes
Shuffling of chromosomes in mitosis

46. Gender is determined by the sex chromosomes X and Y. which of the statements below is
NOT correct?
a) Males are XY and females are XX
b) The gender of an embryo is determined by a chromosome carried by the
sperm cell
c) All eggs have the X chromosome
d) The X chromosome only has genes for determining female features
47. Which of the following best defines health?
a)
b)
c)
d)

A
A
A
A

state
state
state
state

that is completely free of disease and illness


of good physical and mental fitness and well being
of complete mental and social well being
of complete physical, mental and social well being

48. Which method is used by a laboratory to sterilize the re-useable glassware and
equipment?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Use of disinfectants
Pasteurization
Autoclaving (steam heating)
Heating in a flame

49. Which drug is a stimulant?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Cocaine
Alcohol
Sleeping pills
Marijuana

50. The occurrence of cholera is higher during the months of July to December. Which
statement best explains why this could be?
a)
b)
c)
d)

The breeding of bacteria is increased due to the rains


Drinking water can become contaminated with faeces
The breeding of mosquitoes is increased due to the rains
Drinking water can become affected by lower temperatures

51. Roger got bitten by a dog and was taken to the hospital where he was given an injection
of antibodies. Which type of immunity has Roger been given?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Artificial Passive
Artificial Active
Natural Passive
Natural Active

52. Spraying of insecticides will destroy which stage the life cycle of a mosquito?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Eggs
Larva
Adult
Pupa

52. Which of the following vectors are correctly matched with the disease they cause?
A
B
C
D

Rats
Gastroenteriti
s
Malaria
Dengue Fever
Leptospirosis

Mosquitoes
Dengue Fever

Houseflies
Malaria

Leptospirosis
Malaria
Dengue Fever

Gastroenteritis
Leptospirosis
Gastroenteritis

53. Which is a way that a person CANNOT become infected with HIV?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Sharing the same eating utensils


Sharing the same needles
Having sexual intercourse
Having open wounds touched

54. Which is a pathogen for ring worm?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Virus
Fungus
Bacteria
Plasmodium

55. Which of the following statements is true about asthma?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Asthma
Asthma
Asthma
Asthma

can spread through contact with mucus


I a condition that affects the heart
cannot spread from one person to another
is a degenerative disease.

56. Which correctly classifies biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials?

Biodegradable
A
B
C
D

Juice Tin
Paper Cup
Glass Bottle
Aluminium Plate

NonBiodegradable
Paper Plate
Juice Tin
Plastic Spoon
Glass Bottle

57. Which is NOT associated with eutrophication?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Algal Bloom
Untreated Sewage
Lead Contamination
Fertilizer run-off

58. A person who consumes a diet rich in fats and does not exercise is at risk from:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Coronary Heart Disease


Asthma
Haemophilia
Diabetes

59. Which occurs during blood clotting?


a)
b)
c)
d)

Thrombin is converted to Prothrombin


Fibrinogen is converted to fibrin
Red blood cells stick together
Platelets form a mesh work

60. A deficiency of vitamin C causes which of the following deficiency diseases to occur?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Malaria
Scurvy
Limes Disease
Ricketts

TOTAL 60 Marks
-

END OF EXAMINATION -