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Introduction

Welcome to the FMEA Worksheet


This spreadsheet can be used to
1. Identify potential failure modes and their impact on product reliability.
2. Rank the potential defects to establish priority - The highest RPN value items deserve the most attention.
3. Capture owners, action plans, and status on high RPN items.
Note, FMEA's are living documents and this may be updated periodically.
Organization of Spreadsheet:
Descriptions - explains the spreadsheet cells
FMEA - the actual sheet used to enter data
Severity/Likelihood/Detectability - guidelines for the 1-10 rankins in these categories
Example - a partial exmample of an FMEA document
Sheet Protection:
Some sheets are protected. There is no password.

Released for review:


A. Dembski

31-Jul-98
rev 1

most attention.

Introduction

Descriptions

Description of FMEA Worksheet


Protection:The spreadsheets are not protected or locked.
Potential
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
(Design FMEA)

System
Subsystem
Component
Design Lead

Key Date

FMEA Number
Prepared By
FMEA Date
Revision Date

Core Team

Page

of

D
e
t

R
P
N

Recommended
Action(s)

Responsibility &
Target Completion
Date

Actions Taken

0
Coolant
containment.
Hose connection.
Coolant fill. M

Crack/break.
Burst. Side wall
flex. Bad seal.
Poor hose rete

Leak

Burst, validation
pressure cycle.

64 Test included in
prototype and
production
validation testing.

J.P. Aguire
11/1/95 E. Eglin
8/1/96

Likelihood - Write down the


potential cause(s), and on a
scale of 1-10, rate the
Likelihood of each failure
(10= most likely). See
Likelihood sheet.

Response Plans and Tracking

0
0
0

Detectability -0 Examine the current


design, then, on a scale of 1-10, rate
0
the Detectability
of each failure
0
(10 = least detectable).
See
0
Detectability sheet.
0

Page 3

0
0
Risk
Priority Number - The combined weighting of
Severity, Likelihood, and Detectability.
RPN
= Sev X Occ X Det
0

Severity - On a scale of 110, rate the Severity of each


failure (10= most severe).
See Severity sheet.

Write down each failure mode


and potential consequence(s)
of that failure.

New RPN

Over pressure

Current Design
Controls

New Det

S
Potential Failure Potential Effect(s)
e
Mode(s)
of Failure
v

New Occ

Item / Function

P
r
o
b

New Sev

Action Results
Potential
Cause(s)/
Mechanism(s) of
Failure

0
0
0
0
0

Likelihood - Write down the


potential cause(s), and on a
scale of 1-10, rate the
Likelihood of each failure
(10= most likely). See
Likelihood sheet.

Detectability - Examine the current


design, then, on a scale of 1-10, rate
the Detectability of each failure
Descriptions
(10 = least detectable). See
Detectability sheet.
0

Page 4

System

Design Verification Process

Subsystem
Component
Design Lead
Core Team

Potential
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
(Design FMEA)

FMEA Number

Key Date

Revision Date

Houston Mayer
See Project III R1 Report

Prepared By
FMEA Date

Page

Project III
Houston Mayer
10/22/1999
8/21/2000
1

of

Customer sends
in a quote
request for
product.

Requirement
entered and
verified by
Inside Sales in
config. tool.
Sales identifies
need for CII or
SHC

P
r
o
b

D
e
t

R
P
N

System,
Software,
Integration and
Shipping
requirements
overlooked by
customer.
Data entry error

Customer needs
not fully met by
delivered
system.

7 Human error

1 Design
configuration
tool.

System
compatability
requirements
not evaluated by
config. tool.

3 Human error

1 Order verified by
a configuration
tool.

9 Continue order
verification by
configuration
tool.

Specific packing,
labeling and
shipping
requirements
may not be fully
addressed.

On time delivery
and integraty of
the product may
be compramised
if this issue is
not addressed.

7 Requirements
Overlooked.

3 Customer
Inspection
Instruction/
Special Handling
Codes Process
033-001-02

63 Publish
comprehensive
procedure for
the 1st Article
Process.

Position of the
Loss of business
DHR in ICD
with the
label packet not customer.
identified by GE.
Requirment in
Purchase
Specification for
mousepad, but
not identified on
Bill of Material.
ICD Card
content
requirements
not identified in
Build Procedure.

1 Requirements
Overlooked.

5 CII 033-001-006

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

Current Design
Controls

Recommended
Action(s)

21 Use
configuration
tool when
available.

Responsibility &
Target Completion
Date

Actions Taken

New RPN

Potential Cause(s)/
Mechanism(s) of
Failure

Potential Effect(s)
of Failure

New Det

S
e
v

Potential Failure
Mode(s)

New Occ

Item / Function

New Sev

Action Results

Closed
10/21/99

Closed
10/21/99

Jun-00

5 Revisit contents Sep-00


of GE CII 033001-006 to
assure all
requirements are
clearly
commumicated
to the
warehouse
operators and
quality
technicians
using these
documents.

Customer
shipping
requirements
reviewed by
quality
assurance in 1st
Article process.
OPEN 8/21/00

QA and Pack
and Ship Team
reviews
customer
requirements
during a 1st
Article.

Specific packing,
labeling and
shipping
requirements
may not be fully
addressed.

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

Inside sales
submits Sales
Order
Authorization
request to
TECenter.

Data entry error Order


Processing Delay

7 Requirements
overlooked.

3 Customer
requirements
physically
verified by
quality
assurance
during the 1st
Article process.

63 Continue
current
pracices.

1 Human Error

1 Customer
requirements
verified by a
TECenter
engineer.

3 Continue
current
practices.

Closed
10/25/99

Closed 1/25/00

Closed
10/25/99

TECenter
Requirements
Engineer reviews overlooked by
the design to
Engineer
determain if
additional data
is required.

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

3 Requirements
Overlooked.

6 Customer
requirements
verified by a
TECenter
engineer.

54 Continue
current
practices.

Appropriate
individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

1 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/25/00

Design Review is Requirements


completed.
may not be
complete

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

1 Process Failure

1 Customer
requirements
verified by a
TECenter
engineer.

1 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

Another
Requirements
engineer
overlooked by
performs quality two Engineer
check of the
design.

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

7 Process Failure

3 Customer
requirements
verified by a
TECenter
engineer.

63 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed
10/25/99

Completed
design
verification is
sent to
appropriate
organization.

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Verification is
sent to
appropriate
organization.

1 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

Appropriate
individuals not
available.

Design
verification
misrouted

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

Requirements
are defined and
capability to
meet/ accept
requirements.

Requirements
may be missed
or capibilty to
meet
overestamated

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

1 Process Failure

1 Requirements
are defined and
to meet
requirements.

1 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

Inside Sales
Wrong price and Customer's full
quotes price and availability
expectations
availability
provided to
may not be
customer
realized.

3 Process Failure

1 Price provided to
customer

3 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

Customer sends Order misrouted


in purchase
order.
Inside sales
Data Entry
places order on Error
system.

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Reprocess Order

Closed 1/27/00

Order
Processing Delay

3 Human Error

1 Reprocess Order

1 Continue
current
pracices.
3 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/27/00

Order approved
by Asset
Management.

Approval not
timely

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Expidite Process

1 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/27/00

Order approved
by credit.

Approval not
timely

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Expidite Process

Closed 1/27/00

Determaination
made that
product is
available for
build.

All product
required for the
order may not be
available at the
start of the
build.

(1) Product
delivery date
requirements
may not be met.
(2) Workspace
occupied for an
order awaiting
Product is not
available for
integration of
other orders.

5 Needed
components are
not available at
the time of need.

3 Assure product
availability
before the order
commitment is
given to
customer.

1 Continue
current
pracices.
15 Continue
current
practices.

Closed
10/25/99

Inside sales
expedites with
Asset to provide
ship date.

Shipdates may
not be accurate

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

1 Needed
components are
not available at
the time of need.

1 Expidite Process

1 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Order approved
by Asset Mgmt.
and e-mail sent
to Integration.

e-mail may be
misrouted

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Expidite Process

1 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

Project Manager
reviews order for
special or
internal
instructions.

Order
processing
requirements
may be
overlooked

Customer and
processing
needs not
identified could
prevent timely
processing of
the order.

3 Processing
requirements
overlooked.

1 Project Manager
order review.

3 Continue
current
practices.

Build document Documents do


bill of material
not match
matched with
SCN.

Order
Processing Delay

5 Needed
components are
not available at
the time of need.

Stock availability stock availability


is checked and
and dates may
delivery dates
be inaccurate
are aquired for
non stock items.

Customer's full
expectations
may not be
realized.

3 Needed
components are
not available at
the time of need.

3 Expidite Process
Integration
Center
Operations
Manual 093009-OPSMNL
1 Expidite Process

Order is
forwarded to
Production
Engineer for
review.
Determanation
made for a 1st
Article build.

Order may be
misrouted

Order
Processing Delay

1 Process Failure

1 Expidite Process

Need for 1st


build may be
overlooked

Customer's full 7
expectations
may not be
realized.
Customer's full 3
expectations
may not be
realized.
Order
3
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

Requirements
Overlooked.

Requirements
Overlooked.

Build document Requirements


is reviewed and may be
verified.
overlooked

Closed
10/25/99

45 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

3 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

1 Continue
current
practices.

Continue
current
practices.

105 Continue
current
practices.

Continue
current
practices.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

27 Continue
current
practices.

Continue
current
practices.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

3 Continue
current
practices.

Continue
current
practices.

Project
management
notifies sales
with status of
order.
Asset
management
places order for
non stock items.

Sales may not


receive order
status
Items may not
be ordered

Order
3
Processing Delay

Needed
1
components are
not available at
the time of need.

Expidite Process 1

3 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Order is
scheduled for
production.

Order may not


be entered in
schedule

Order
3
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

3 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Whse Operator
reviews parts to
SOA & SCN.

Parts may not


match
requirement

Order
3
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

9 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

Whse. Operator All parts may


Unpack,Iinspect not reach
& Kit order.
integration

Order
3
Processing Delay

All components 3
are not available
at the time of
need.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.
Integration
Kitting and
Packing 153001-01
Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

27 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Techs. Check
product against
SOW and build
instructions.

Parts may not


match
requirement

Order
5
Processing Delay

All components 3
are not available
at the time of
need.

15 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Integration
Techs. inspect
parts and
chassis.

Materials may
Order
7
not be compliant Processing Delay

All components 3
are not available
at the time of
need.

QA Inspection
and Test
Procedure 103001-03

63 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

No NT Resource
Kit
Missing Video
Board

Loss of business 1
with the
customer.

Requirements
Overlooked.

QA Inspection
and Test
Procedure 103001-03

Techs. Integrate
& Power-Up
System

System may be
integrated
incorrectly

Order
7
Processing Delay

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

QA Inspection
and Test
Procedure 103001-03

147 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Integration
Techs. Test
system.

System and
Order
10 Needed
10 QA Inspection
parts may not be Processing Delay
components are
and Test
compliant
not available at
Procedure 103the time of need.
001-03

100 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Quality techs.
inspect product
for build
requirements.

Specific build
requirements
may not be fully
addressed.

25 Continue
current
practices.

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

On time delivery 5
and integraty of
the product may
be compramised
if this issue is
not addressed.

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

5 Update Build
Procedures to
clearly define
product
requirements
specific to the
model being
integrated.

Closed 8/21/00

IO panel not
installed
Label on CPU
Incorrect
No feet or other
components
installed
No extension
cables
Missing cables
IO panel gasket
not installed
Wrong ICD
cards provided
Dome calibrater
included

Loss of business 1
with the
customer.

Human Error

Build Procedure 5
for individual
PathSpeed
Model

Numbers may be Order


3
incorrect
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

9 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Control of
requirements
may be lost

Order
1
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

1 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Order placed on Shiping


hold when
deadlines may
change is made. not be met

Order
3
Processing Delay

Requirements
Overlooked.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

9 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Design Process
reinitiates

Control of
requirements
may not be
complete
Wrong Shipping
method may be
used

Order
3
Processing Delay

Process Failure

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

3 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

On time delivery 7
and integraty of
the product may
be compramised
if this issue is
not addressed.

Process Failure

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

7 Continue
current
practices.

Closed 1/27/00

Specific packing,
labeling and
shipping
requirements
may not be fully
addressed.

On time delivery 10 Requirements


and integraty of
Overlooked.
the product may
be compramised
if this issue is
not addressed.

Customer
3
Inspection
Instruction/
Special Handling
Codes Process
033-001-02

90 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

Product serial
numbers
scanned into
Genesis.
Change made
after batch
release

Whse. invoices
and ships order
per customer's
shipping
method.

Quality techs.
inspect
shipment for
CII/SHC
requirements.

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

25 Update Build
Procedures to
clearly define
product
requirements
specific to the
model being
integrated.

Closed 8/21/00

10

Label on outside Loss of business 1


of box did not
with the
match S/N on
customer.
CPU.

Human Error

CII 033-001-006 3

Product ships to Products


customer.
misshipped

On time delivery 7
and integraty of
the product may
be compramised
if this issue is
not addressed.

Needed
3
components are
not available at
the time of need.

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

Coordinator
closes project &
files quality
records.

Documents may 3
not be
retrievable

Documents may 1
not be
retrievable

Individuals are
contacted to
resolve issues.

Documents not
filed correctly

Houston Mayer
Six Sigma Blackbelt
August 21, 2000

9/11/2000
9 Revisit contents
of GE CII 033001-006 to
assure all
requirements are
clearly
commumicated
to the
warehouse
operators and
quality
technicians
using these
Closed 1/27/00
147 Continue
documents.
current
practices.

3 Continue
current
pracices.

Closed 1/25/00

11

Severity

Effect
Hazardous without
warning
Hazardous with
warning
Very High

SEVERITY of Effect

Ranking
10

High

Very high severity ranking when a potential failure mode


affects safe system operation without warning
Very high severity ranking when a potential failure mode
affects safe system operation with warning
System inoperable with destructive failure without
compromising safety
System inoperable with equipment damage

Moderate

System inoperable with minor damage

Low

System inoperable without damage

Very Low

System operable with significant degradation of performance

Minor

System operable with some degradation of performance

Very Minor

System operable with minimal interference

None

No effect

Page 12

9
8
7

Severity

Page 13

Severity

Page 14

Severity

Page 15

Severity

Page 16

Severity

Page 17

Probability

PROBABILITY of Failure
Very High: Failure is almost inevitable

High: Repeated failures

Moderate: Occasional failures

Low: Relatively few failures

Remote: Failure is unlikely

Failure Prob Ranking


>1 in 2

10

1 in 3

1 in 8

1 in 20

1 in 80

1 in 400

1 in 2,000

1 in 15,000

1 in 150,000

<1 in 1,500,000

Page 18

Detectability

Detection
Absolute
Uncertainty
Very Remote
Remote
Very Low
Low
Moderate
Moderately High
High
Very High
Almost Certain

Likelihood of DETECTION by Design Control

Ranking
Design control cannot detect potential cause/mechanism and
10
subsequent failure mode
Very remote chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Remote chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Very low chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Low chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Moderate chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Moderately High chance the design control will detect
potential cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
High chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Very high chance the design control will detect potential
cause/mechanism and subsequent failure mode
Design control will detect potential cause/mechanism and
subsequent failure mode

Page 19

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

EXAMPLE

System
Subsystem
Component
Design Lead
Core Team

Item / Function

Potential Failure
Mode(s)

Seals
Coolant
containment.
Hose
connection.
Coolant fill. M
Sensor mount.
Seal

Compression set

Sensor mount.
Seal

Loosen during
sensor
assembly/servic
e

Sensor mount.
Seal

Damaged
internal thread

Sensor mount.
Seal

Damaged
external thread

Coolant containment. Crack/break. Burst.


Hose connection.
Side wall flex. Bad
Coolant fill. M
seal. Poor hose rete

Page 20

EXAMPLE

System
Subsystem
Component
Design Lead
Core Team

Item / Function

Potential Failure
Mode(s)

Coolant containment. Crack/break. Burst.


Hose connection.
Side wall flex. Bad
Coolant fill. M
seal. Poor hose rete
Coolant containment. Crack/break. Burst.
Hose connection.
Side wall flex. Bad
Coolant fill. M
seal. Poor hose rete
Hold fluid, flow path,
Heat transfer
structure

Stress crack

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Stress crack

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Stress crack

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Corrosion

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Corrosion

Page 21

EXAMPLE

System
Subsystem
Component
Design Lead
Core Team

Item / Function

Potential Failure
Mode(s)

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Puncture

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Seam fail

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Burst fail

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Plugged

Hold fluid, flow path,


Heat transfer
structure

Ballooning

Page 22

EXAMPLE

Potential
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
(Design FMEA)

FMEA Number

Key Date

Revision Date

Prepared By
FMEA Date

Page

of

Potential Cause(s)/
Mechanism(s) of
Failure

P
r
o
b

Current Design
Controls

D
e
t

R
P
N

Recommended
Action(s)

Responsibility &
Target Completion
Date

0
0

Leak

8 Gasket material

7 Pressure cycle
w/cold shock.

56 Use imported
material

Leak. Fall inside


tank

8 Fitting not held


in place

2 Added rib.

16 Implement
holding rib in
design. New
fitting design.
Prototype
validation.

Cannot install
sensor

5 Damaged during
installation or
transportation

10

Cannot install
wire nut

4 Damaged during
shipment to
piracicaba

12 Damaged fitting
not used by
Piracicaba

Leak

Over pressure

Burst, validation
pressure cycle.

J.P. Aguire
11/1/95

64 Test included in

J.P. Aguire 11/1/95


prototype and
E. Eglin 8/1/96
production validation
testing.

Page 23

Actions Taken

New Det

S
e
v

New Occ

Potential Effect(s)
of Failure

New Sev

Action Results

EXAMPLE

Potential
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
(Design FMEA)

FMEA Number

Key Date

Revision Date

Prepared By
FMEA Date

Page

of

Failed mount

Hose leak

Potential Cause(s)/
Mechanism(s) of
Failure

P
r
o
b

Vibration

Overpressure. Poor
clamp

D
e
t

R
P
N

Vibration w/road
tapes

135 Obtain GMB

Burst, validation
pressure cycle
w/GMB clamps.

Current Design
Controls

Recommended
Action(s)

J.P. Aguire

60 Obtain GMB clamps

0 Operator instruction

Air conditioning does


not work. Sudden
refrigerant loss.

This is a test of the


ADD POTENTIAL
CAUSE/MECHANIS
M OF FAILURE
system functionality

0 This is a test of the

Air conditioning does


not work. Sudden
refrigerant loss.
Leak. Loss of heat
transfer.

Wicking. Material
strength

ADD
RECOMMENDED
ACTION system
functionality

Thermal cycle

Coolant quality.
7
Contamination.
Environment - int/ext.

56 Included in Product

E. Eglin 8/1/96

Specification

this is a test while


dan is here

J.P. Aguire 12/1/95

and clamping
specification.

This is a test of the


ADD POTENTIAL
CAUSE/MECHANIS
M OF FAILURE
system functionality

Actions Taken

vibration road tape.

Air conditioning does


not work. Sudden
refrigerant loss.

Leak. Loss of heat


transfer.

Responsibility &
Target Completion
Date

SWAT, service
simulation. Coolant
evaluation.

280 Brazilian coolant to

J.P. Aguirre 11/1/95

be evaluated. Zince
lined tubes may need
to be released.
Simulated service
test w/GMB coolant
to be performed.

Page 24

Coolant ordered

New Det

S
e
v

New Occ

Potential Effect(s)
of Failure

New Sev

Action Results

EXAMPLE

Potential
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
(Design FMEA)

FMEA Number

Key Date

Revision Date

Prepared By
FMEA Date

Page

of

Leak. Loss of heat


transfer.

External damage.
Coolant velocity. No
reinf sawcut.

Leak. Loss of heat


transfer.

Leak. Loss of heat


transfer.

P
r
o
b
10

Environment - int/ext. 1

Over pressure
contamination.

Loss of heat transfer. 8


Leakage due to
increase flow velocity

Contamination.
Coolant quality.

Leak. Loss of heat


transfer.

Over pressure
contamination.

Current Design
Controls

D
e
t

Leak test. Simulated


service.

SWAT, service
simulation.

Burst/leak pressure

R
P
N

Recommended
Action(s)

Responsibility &
Target Completion
Date

Actions Taken

80 100% cores tested in E. Eglin 8/1/96


production.
Simulated service
included in Product
Specificatin.

5 Included in Product

E. Eglin 8/1/96

Specification.

80 GMB to study engine GMB 12/1/95

Study originated

56 GMB coolant to be

Coolant ordered

cleanliness.

J.P. Aguirre 11/1/95

evaluated. GMB to
study engine
cleanliness.

360 GMB to study engine GMB 12/1/95


cleanliness.
Clustomer profile to
be determined.

0
0
0

Page 25

New Det

Potential Cause(s)/
Mechanism(s) of
Failure

New Occ

S
e
v

Potential Effect(s)
of Failure

New Sev

Action Results

EXAMPLE

New RPN

on Results

0
0

0
0

Page 26

EXAMPLE

New RPN

on Results

0
0

Page 27

EXAMPLE

New RPN

on Results

0
0
0

0
0
0

Page 28