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Chapter 5

Diode Rectifiers

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-1

Diode Rectifier Block Diagram

Uncontrolled utility interface (ac to dc)

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-2

A Simple Circuit

Resistive load
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-3

A Simple Circuit (R-L Load)

Current continues to flows for a while even after the input


voltage has gone negative
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-4

Single-Phase Diode Rectifier Bridge

Large capacitor at the dc output for filtering and energy


storage
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-5

Diode-Rectifier Bridge Analysis

Two simple (idealized) cases to begin with


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-6

Redrawing Diode-Rectifier Bridge

Two groups, each with two diodes

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-7

Waveforms with a
purely resistive load
and a purely dc current
at the output

In both cases, the dc-side


voltage waveform is the same

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-8

Diode-Rectifier Bridge Input Current

Idealized case with a purely dc output current


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-9

Diode-Rectifier Bridge Analysis with ACSide Inductance

Output current is assumed to be purely dc


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-10

Understanding Current Commutation

Assuming inductance in this circuit to be zero


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-11

Understanding Current Commutation (cont.)

Inductance in this circuit is included


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-12

Current Commutation Waveforms

Shows the volt-seconds needed to commutate current


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-13

Current Commutation in Full-Bridge Rectifier

Shows the necessary volt-seconds


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-14

Understanding Current Commutation

Note the current loops for analysis

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-15

Diode-Rectifier with a Capacitor Filter

Power electronics load is represented by an equivalent load


resistance
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-16

Diode Rectifier Bridge

Equivalent circuit for analysis on one-half cycle basis


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-17

Line-Voltage Distortion

PCC is the point of common coupling


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-18

Line-Voltage Distortion

Distortion in voltage supplied to other loads


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-19

Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier

Commonly used
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-20

Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier: Redrawn

Two groups with three diodes each


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-21

Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier Waveforms

Output current is
assumed to be dc

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-22

Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier: Input


Line-Current

Assuming output current to be purely dc and zero ac-side


inductance
Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-23

Three-Phase, Full-Bridge Rectifier

Including the ac-side inductance


Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-24

3-Phase Rectifier: Current Commutation

output
current is
assumed to be
purely dc

Copyright 2003
by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 5 Line-Frequency Diode


Rectifiers

5-25