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April Joy Gonzaga

Ma. Andrea Nicole U. Guarin


Chessa Mae F. Malonzo
Glendale O. Sarte
Vielson Hope Urriza
De La Salle University-Dasmarinas
Dasmarinas, Cavite Philippines
Profile
Our chosen product, iWhite Aqua Moisturizing Cream which is made in Korea
is a water-base moisturizer refined by Bio- nanotechnology making it more
potent giving it a more radiant and fair complexion. It revitalizes and
improves

skin condition,

protects

skin

against cellular

damage and

premature aging, maintains elasticity and firmness of the skin and leaves a
cool and refreshing feeling.
Its Major component is Mulberry (Morus nigra) which is abundant in Korea. It
contains Arbutin, which is normally found in bear berries, wheat and pear
skin, is an ether that inhibits Tyrosinase, an enzyme that controls melanin
production. Therefore it prevents melanogenesis that often causes hyper
pigmentation.
There are also sub-components that makes it a better moisturizing cream:
(1) Panax ginseng which is known as a potent antioxidant that helps knock
out free radicals or chemical byproducts known to damage cells. It contains
phytonutrients that can stimulate and activate the skin's metabolism and
blood flow to regenerate and tone. Ginseng also helps in collagen
regeneration which makes it a super Anti Aging ingredient. (2) Aloe Vera
reduces irritation. It also has antioxidants to make the complexion appear
brighter. It also contains anti-bacterial properties that helps prevent acne. It
also contains Vitamin B that helps with skin and cell regeneration and C for
brightening properties and collagen production. (3) Green Tea extract helps
improve your skin's elasticity; therefore it helps avoid the appearance of fine

lines, stretch marks and dark spots. It also helps in soothing your skin from
inflammation, allergies, itching and sunburns. Aloe Vera also contains
salicylic acid which is known for its anti-acne properties and vitamin C and E.
Molecular Structure

Arbutin
(2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-2-Hydroxymethyl-6- (4-hydroxyphenoxy)oxane-3,4,5-triol
Applications
1.

Mulberry

Like all berries, mulberries contain lots of anti-oxidants. These are very
beneficial for controlling ageing. They are well known and very effective antiageing agents.

Clears your Skin:


The properties of mulberries help you by clearing out dark spots

and getting rid of all kinds of blemishes on the facial skin.

Dry and Sensitive Skin:


Steep a few mulberry leaves in coconut or olive oil for a few days

and apply the oil on your skin. Extremely dry skin can be easily treated
this way. You can also use it with some lotion to treat dry skin and
sensitive skin that is prone to irritations.

Radiant and Soft Skin:


Bath salts and soaps made of mulberry make your skin soft and

radiant. Using the leaves in hot baths and saunas open your pores and
detoxify your body. Infused mulberry leaves are contained in this
steam, which makes your body sweat and hence regulated the
metabolism of your body.

Skin Rejuvenation:
The synthesis of melanin is regulated by eating mulberries. As

such, your skin gets clear and bright. Eating the fruit, drinking the juice
of the fruit or having mulberry tea is very useful for rejuvenating your
skin.

Skin Problems:
If you leave the leaves of the tree in a pot of hot water for around

30 minutes and then use it, all kinds of skin problems can be treated. It
also treats sore throat, fever, and cold.
2.

Arbutin
Arbutin is currently an active ingredient in skin-lightening products
because of its effect on melanin. In topical formulations, the effect of
arbutin is localized and penetration into deeper layers of the skin is
limited. Results are dependent on dose and frequency of application,
as arbutin reduces the amount of melanin in the skin layer. Arbutin can
be combined with other agents that help penetration into deeper skin
layers or aid skin repair to correct hyperpigmented conditions for even
skin tone.

3.

Tyrosinase
Medicinal Application

Tyrosinases are omnipresent in nature and are considered one of


the fundamental enzymes involved in several biological functions and
defense mechanism (especially in melanogenesis).
Tyrosine-related melanogenesis is responsible for pigmentation
of hair, skin, and eye in mammals, as pigmentation is a pivotal part of
skin protection by UV radiation.
Abnormal melanin can result from the changes anywhere in the
pathway of synthesis either due to abnormal tyrosinase or due to the
deficits caused by the transfer of melanosomes to keratinocytes. The
role of tyrosinase is different in different kingdoms, as in invertebrates
they play a crucial task in defense and sclerotization reactions.
Whereas in microbial world its use is still unknown, melanin helps in
the formation of reproductive organs and spores and in cell wall
protection after physical damage.
4.

Panax Ginseng
Skin Benefits of Ginseng:
Apart from its various health benefits, this herb has positive effects on
your health as well. Today, ginseng or ginseng extract is widely used in
beauty and health products. Some of the ways in which it can benefit
your skin are as follows.
1. Anti-ageing Benefits:
Ginseng has been promoted as an anti-ageing treatment. It contains a
large amount of phytonutrients, which can stimulate and activate the
skins metabolism. It rids your skin of the free radicals that gets
accumulated when your skin is regularly exposed to sunlight and
environmental pollution. It also contains certain ingredients that can
increase the production of collagen in the middle layer of the skin

known as dermis, making your skin firmer. This collagen makes your
skin more elastic and toned, thereby diminishing wrinkles or fine lines
on the face and other body parts. http://www.media.net/adchoices
2. Improves Complexion:
Ginseng

roots

and

leaves

are rich

in

vitamins,

minerals

and

antioxidants, which are good for overall skin health. They metabolise
skin cells and facilitate the elimination of dead skin cells to produce
healthy new skin. Ginseng tea is particularly great for refining and
rehydrating

your

skin.

It

regenerates

skin

cells

by

increasing

oxygenation. It also improves blood circulation and is a great blood


detoxifier. All these factors contribute to a healthier and brighter
complexion. Topical use of ginseng leaves can keep your skin healthy
and glowing.
3. Great Toner:
Ginseng is also a great toner and facial freshener. Not only does it
improve collagen formation but also helps reduce black spots on the
face. You can prepare your own ginseng mask by mixing ginseng oil
with other ingredients, like sunflower oil, honey or water. This should
be applied twice a week for best results.
4. Treatment of Skin Diseases:
Incomplete skin metabolism contributes to skin problems like acne,
eczema and rough skin. Ginseng is effective in this regard as it gets
absorbed by the skin very quickly and improves subcutaneous vascular
circulation. Regular intake of ginseng can help you get rid of these
problems, making your skin bright and cheerful.
5. Treatment of Dark Circles:

Another noteworthy benefit of ginseng is that it helps in reducing


puffiness of the eyes and lightens under-eye dark circles. You can try
using a ginseng mask for this purpose and get freedom from those
dark circles.
6.

Aloe

It treats sunburn - Aloe Vera helps with sunburn through its

powerful healing activity at the epithelial level of the skin, a layer of


cells that cover the body. It acts as a protective layer on the skin and
helps replenish its moisture. Because of its nutritional qualities and
antioxidant properties, the skin heals quicker.

It acts as a moisturizer.

Aloe moisturizes the skin without giving it a greasy feel, so it`s perfect
for anyone with an oily skin complexion. For women who use mineralbased make-up, aloe vera acts as a moisturizer and is great for the
face prior to the application to prevents skin drying. For men: Aloe vera
gel can be used as an aftershave treatment as its healing properties
can treat small cuts caused by shaving.

It treats acne - Aloe vera gel contains two hormones: Auxin and

Gibberellins. These two hormones provide wound healing and antiinflammatory properties that reduce skin inflammation. Giberellin in
aloe vera acts as a growth hormone stimulating the growth of new
cells. It allows the skin to heal quickly and naturally with minimal
scarring.

Aloe is soothing and can reduce skin inflammations, blistering

and itchiness, while helping the skin to heal more rapidly. Additionally,
in Ayurvedic medicine, Aloe is used to effectively heal chronic skin
problems, such as psoriasis, acne and eczema.

It fights aging - As we age, everyone begins to worry about the

appearance of fine lines and the loss of elasticity in their skin. Aloe
leaves contain a plethora of antioxidants including, beta carotene,
vitamin C and E that can help improve the skin's natural firmness and
keep the skin hydrated.

It lessens the visibility of stretch marks - The skin is like one big

piece of elastic thatll expand and contract as needed to accommodate


growth. But if the skin stretches too far, too fast (due to pregnancy,
rapid weight gain or loss) the elasticity of the skin can be damaged.
Thats what leaves those unsightly stretch marks. These marks appear
due to minor tears in the layers of the skin caused by sudden and
excessive stretching. Aloe vera gel can help hide these stretch marks
by healing these wounds.

It's nutrient rich for good health - This solid material contains

over 75 different nutrients including vitamins, minerals, enzymes,


sugars, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, lignin, saponins,
sterols, amino acids and salicylic acid.

It soothes in periodontal disease - According to a study published

in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, it's extremely helpful in the


treatment of gum diseases like gingivitis, periodontitis. It reduces
bleeding, inflammation and swelling of the gums. It is a powerful
antiseptic in pockets where normal cleaning is difficult, and its
antifungal properties help greatly in the problem of denture stomatitis,
apthous ulcers, cracked and split corners of the mouth.

It aids in digestion - The internal benefits of aloe vera are

supposed to be just as amazing. The plant is said to improve the


digestion and to relieve ulcers. Some people consider it a laxative,
while others attribute that effect to its digestive qualities (which
normalize the system and induce regularity). The juice is also

prescribed for arthritis and rheumatism. To test any of these claims,


steep the cut foliage in water or chew pieces of the fresh leaf.
5. Green tea
Protects Skin From Sun Damage This is in reference to green tea
being used topically, and in conjunction with sunscreen. The antioxidants
it contains can work from the outside in, not just the inside out, and its
being discovered that while it doesnt necessarily block the suns rays, it
does mitigate the damage that is done to the skin from the sun. The free
radicals that help UV rays cause damage are neutralized, and the green
tea helps with inflammation as well.
Tones Skin, Hair, And Muscles This is another way to topically use
green tea. You dont even have to drink it to get some of its benefits.
When applied to the hair it can help it grow stronger. When you drink it it
should help your muscles function at more optimal levels, since it helps
them contract. If you want healthier gums it is said that you can simply
rinse green tea in your mouth and youll see an improvement of gum
health.
Reduces Psoriasis If youre dealing with the redness and irritation that
comes with Psoriasis, you may find some relief by using green tea
topically. Research has shown that green tea can help to slow down the
production of excess skin cells that seems to be the underlying cause of
conditions like psoriasis. It can even help to alter the genes in your body,
so this is one powerful all-natural remedy.
Reduces Redness In Rosacea The redness that rosacea brings is the
part that most people are trying to get rid of. The good news for green tea
users is that in a controlled study it was shown to provide far superior
redness reduction than a placebo. This was from using topical cream

infused with green tea. This is most likely due to the calming effect green
tea has, as well as the antioxidants going to work on the problem.
Prevents Wrinkles Those trusty antioxidants are at it again. It seems
like theres no limit to the number of benefits they provide, and since
green tea is so dense with them its the best bang for your buck as far as
anti-aging goes. Several factors of aging hinge on free radical damage,
and getting wrinkles is one of them. By keeping your body full of
antioxidants it reduces the likelihood of getting wrinkles so you can stay
looking younger for longer.
Advantages
Alpha-Arbutin has shown to inhibit the activity of tyrosinase which
controls the production of melanin. Its inhibitory mechanism is different from
that of other forms of arbutin and can be up to 10 times more effective.
The a-form of it offers higher stability and efficiency than the B form found in
the related Beta-Arbutin. This leads to a skin whitening active that acts faster
and more efficiently than existing single components.
It is one of the most stable and effective brightening ingredients available
promoting lighter, more even tone for all skin types and is considered to be a
remarkable facilitator in the quest for brighter skin.

Supporting components: Panax Ginseng, Aloe and Green tea.


I.

Panax Ginseng
Ginseng Benefits
Asian Ginseng is one of the most highly regarded of herbal medicines
in the Orient, where it has gained an almost magical reputation for being
able to promote health, general body vigour, to prolong life and treat
many ailments including depression, diabetes, fatigue, ageing,
inflammations, internal degeneration, nausea, tumours, pulmonary
problems, dyspepsia, vomiting, nervousness, stress, and ulcers.
Asian Ginseng has a history of herbal use going back over 5,000 years. It
is one of the most highly regarded of herbal medicines in the Orient,

where it has gained an almost magical reputation for being able to


promote health, general body vigour and also to prolong life. The genus
name Panax is derived from the Greek word meaning "panacea" or "allhealing"; the species ginseng is said to mean "wonder of the world". Both
terms refer to the medicinal virtues of the plant. In the last decade it has
gained popularity in the West and there is extensive literature on the
beneficial effects of ginseng and its constituents.
Panax Ginseng is thought to be even more beneficial when taken with
Ginkgo Biloba.
Ginseng has been listed by some as useful in the treatment of anemia,
cancer, depression, diabetes, fatigue, hypertension, insomnia, shock,
effects of radiation, effects of morphine and cocaine use, environmental,
physical and mental stress, and chronic illness. It has been said to act as
a stimulant, promote endurance, increase life expectancy, relax the
nervous system, improve mental awareness, encourage proper hormonal
functions, improve lipid levels, lower cholesterol, improve nerve growth,
and increase resistance to disease. It has been used to increase the
appetite and bodily energy, regulate menses, ease childbirth, increase
fertility of women, and treat periodontal disease
Research has shown that Ginseng may have the ability to act as an
"adaptogen", prolonging life by combating viral infections and
Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Research continues to support ginseng's
protective role against anti-cancer treatments and drugs, perhaps even
countering the side effects of chemotherapy.
There is some thought that Ginseng may be useful for the prevention
of abuse and dependence of opioids and psychostimulants. Ginseng has
been used to both stimulate and relax the nervous system. It increases
capillary circulation in the brain and decreases the effects of stress.
Though there are many kinds of ginsengs in the world but they cannot
rival Asian Ginseng in ingredients and medicinal effects. It contains as
many as 29 different ginsenosides while the others contains 8-9.
II. Aloe
1. It treats sunburn.
Aloe Vera helps with sunburn through its powerful healing activity at
the epithelial level of the skin, a layer of cells that cover the body. It acts as a
protective layer on the skin and helps replenish its moisture. Because of its
nutritional qualities and antioxidant properties, the skin heals quicker.
2. It acts as a moisturizer.
Aloe moisturizes the skin without giving it a greasy feel, so it`s perfect
for anyone with an oily skin complexion. For women who use mineral-based

make-up, aloe vera acts as a moisturizer and is great for the face prior to the
application to prevents skin drying. For men: Aloe vera gel can be used as an
aftershave treatment as its healing properties can treat small cuts caused by
shaving.
3. It treats acne.
Aloe vera gel contains two hormones: Auxin and Gibberellins. These
two hormones provide wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties that
reduce skin inflammation. Giberellin in aloe vera acts as a growth hormone
stimulating the growth of new cells. It allows the skin to heal quickly and
naturally with minimal scarring.
Aloe is soothing and can reduce skin inflammations, blistering and
itchiness, while helping the skin to heal more rapidly. Additionally, in
Ayurvedic medicine, Aloe is used to effectively heal chronic skin problems,
such as psoriasis, acne and eczema.
4. It fights aging.
As we age, everyone begins to worry about the appearance of fine
lines and the loss of elasticity in their skin. Aloe leaves contain a plethora of
antioxidants including, beta carotene, vitamin C and E that can help improve
the skin's natural firmness and keep the skin hydrated.
5. It lessens the visibility of stretch marks.
The skin is like one big piece of elastic thatll expand and contract as
needed to accommodate growth. But if the skin stretches too far, too fast
(due to pregnancy, rapid weight gain or loss) the elasticity of the skin can be
damaged. Thats what leaves those unsightly stretch marks. These marks
appear due to minor tears in the layers of the skin caused by sudden and
excessive stretching. Aloe vera gel can help hide these stretch marks by
healing these wounds.
6. It's nutrient rich for good health.
This solid material contains over 75 different nutrients including
vitamins, minerals, enzymes, sugars, anthraquinones or phenolic
compounds, lignin, saponins, sterols, amino acids and salicylic acid.
7. It soothes in periodontal disease.
According to a study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, it's

extremely helpful in the treatment of gum diseases like gingivitis,


periodontitis. It reduces bleeding, inflammation and swelling of the gums. It
is a powerful antiseptic in pockets where normal cleaning is difficult, and its
antifungal properties help greatly in the problem of denture stomatitis,
apthous ulcers, cracked and split corners of the mouth.
8. It aids in digestion.
The internal benefits of aloe vera are supposed to be just as amazing. The
plant is said to improve the digestion and to relieve ulcers. Some people
consider it a laxative, while others attribute that effect to its digestive
qualities (which normalize the system and induce regularity). The juice is
also prescribed for arthritis and rheumatism. To test any of these claims,
steep the cut foliage in water or chew pieces of the fresh leaf.

III. Green tea


Anti-aging Health Benefits
Many of the affects of aging, particularly on the skin, are caused by a
build up of free radicals in the body, which can damage and aging of your
body's cells. Free radicals do occur naturally, but their concentrations are
increased due to exposure to pollution, too much sunlight and some types of
chemicals.
Effects on bacterial and fungal infections (anti-bacterial)
A cup of green tea contains anywhere up to 200mg of catechins, that
are known to give it's anti oxidant benefits.
Cholesterol Fighting
Several studies have shown that the catechins in teas can act as socalled hypolipidemics - that is they lower the amount of bad cholesterol
in the body (called LDL), while increasing the amount of good cholesterol
(called HDL). Additionally other studies have suggested that other chemicals
in green tea, called flavonols, help reduce hardening of the arteries, by
naturally helping to keep the blood thin.
The upshot of this suggests that it helps reduce the chance of
cardiovascular diseases, in particular heart attacks and strokes.
Green tea Benefits for Weight loose and reduce Cholesterol

Prevention of tooth decay and bad breath


Fluoride is frequently added world-wide to drinking water and tooth
paste as the number one way to help prevent tooth decay. Green tea is a big
natural source of fluoride, so this in combination with its anti-bacterial effects
provides a great natural way to help strengthen your teeth, prevent cavities
and help reduce bad breath.

Cancer prevention
Studies have also suggested that green tea possibly helps prevent the
onset of several types of cancers, including lung, prostrate and breast
cancers.
Green Tea Benefit for skin
In traditional Chinese medicine green tea and its extracts are
commonly used to prevent and treat a number of skin diseases, including
skin cancer. The high content of a different anti-oxidants, called polyphenols,
seems to be responsible for this by removing free radicals from the skin
before they have a chance to attack the DNA in you skins cells, which
otherwise can lead to cancer.
Topical applications of green tea extracts also help protect against UV
exposure from the sun, and are used to reduce the impact the sun has on the
health of your skin.

Disadvantages
Many moisturizers contain oils such as petrolatum (Vaseline), lanolin
(sheep-wool oil), and mineral oil. They block water evaporation and can
actually clog pores and increase acne. They can interfere with the use of
drugs such as tretinoin (Retin-A) and alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). Because
dry skin reflects more ultraviolet light than hydrated skin, some
dermatologists feel that moisturizers actually accelerate skin aging.
There's no empirical data definitively supporting such a claim. But
applying moisturizer can adversely affect your skin's normal functions if
applied under the wrong conditions. It's important to understand your skin is

a living, breathing organ. In fact, it is the largest organ in the human body.
Just like the other organs in your body, your skin's functions can be
disturbed, causing irregularities to its normal biological behaviour.
When you lay in bed, your skin works harder than it does during the
day to rejuvenate itself. Some physicians feel that the night-time is a good
opportunity to apply moisturizer, especially to seal in moisture after a bath.
In fact while you're wearing your sleepwear, you might take advantage of
thicker varieties that could cause your finer dress clothing to stick to your
skin.
But some proponents of natural skin care solutions argue that applying a
moisturizer at night can disrupt your skin's natural cycle and make your skin
even more.
On the next page, we'll take a look at what happens when you don't apply
the correct type of moisturizer at the correct time. As you'll see, it's more a
question of the way you apply moisturizer than the amount you use.
Most emollients can be used safely and effectively with no side effects.
However, burning, stinging, redness, or irritation may occur. If any of these
effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that he or she has
judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many
people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects
occur: unusual changes in the skin (e.g., turning white/soft/soggy from too
much wetness), signs of skin infection.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate
medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction,
including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat),
severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects
not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Conclusion

Our chosen product revolves in aqua moisturizing cream, more


specifically the iWhite Moisturizing Cream which is made in Korea. It is a
water-base moisturizer, it helps to have a fair and radiant complexion of skin.
Also, it revitalizes and improves skin condition and protect skin against
cellular damage.
We came up to this topic because based from our research, we have
seen that this product have many organic and inorganic chemical
components, and definitely these different chemicals have its advantages
and reasons for letting these ingredients be in to this product.
Its major component is Mulberry (Morusnigra) which is abundant in
Korea. This ingredient contains Arbutin which is commonly found in bear
berries, wheat and pear skin. Arbutin is currently an active ingredient in skinlightening products because of its effect on melanin. It is an ether that
inhibits Tyrosinase, an enzyme that controls melanin production that
prevents melanogenesis that causes hyper pigmentation. It contain lots of
anti-oxidants which is good for anti-aging.
Other than this major component, it also have its sub-components. (1.)
Panax ginseng- it is one of the anti-aging treatments. It contains a large
amount of phytonutrients, which can stimulate and activate the skins
metabolism. It also contains certain ingredients that can increase the
production of collagen in the middle layer of the skin known as dermis,
making your skin firmer. This collagen makes your skin more elastic and
toned, thereby diminishing wrinkles. Ginseng roots and leaves are rich in
vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, which are good for overall skin health
and helps to improve complexion. It also aids as a treatment for skin
diseases such as acne, eczema and rough skin. (2.) Aloe vera- it treats
sunburn for it has its nutritional qualities and antioxidant properties, the skin
heals quicker.Aloe vera gel contains two hormones: Auxin and Gibberellins.
These two hormones provide wound healing and anti-inflammatory
properties that reduce skin inflammation, and helps in treating acne. Aloe
leaves contain a plethora of antioxidants including, beta carotene, vitamin C
and E that can help improve the skin's natural firmness and keep the skin
hydrated that fights aging. (3.)Green Tea- protects skin from sun damage
and prevents wrinkles.If youre dealing with the redness and irritation that
comes with Psoriasis, research has shown that green tea can help to slow
down the production of excess skin cells that seems to be the underlying
cause of conditions like psoriasis.

Moisturizers have its disadvantage for it contain oils such as


petrolatum (Vaseline), lanolin (sheep-wool oil), and mineral oil. These
contents block water evaporation and can actually clog pores and increase
acne. And some causes burning, stinging, redness and irritation.

To sum it up, the iWhite Moisturizing Cream has different advantages


and disadvantages as abovementioned. It has its major component which is
the Mulberry which have many helpful benefits for our skin. This product also
have sub-components namely Panax ginseng, Aloe Vera and Green Tea.
These three are helping the major component to make the product, better.
These three also have almost the same benefits which act as an anti-aging,
improves complexion, act as treatment for skin diseases and many more. Its
disadvantages may occur if not properly used, moisturizers should be a
correct type that would be accurate to your skin type, at the correct time,
and it also vary in the amount to be used. To conclude, it is always much
better to ask for someones professional (like dermatologists) prescription
before using and applying any.

Reference
http://www.sharecare.com/health/skin-moisturizing-care/what-disadvantagesmoisturizers
http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug61621/body+lotion+topical/details#side-effects
http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/moisturizing/basics/moisturizetoo-much.htm
http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-ginseng-asian.html
http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-7654/the-benefits-of-using-aloe-vera-forskin-care-and-more.html

http://www.teavivre.com/info/green-tea-benefits/
http://www.iambabypanda.com/2013/02/iwhite-korea-aqua-moisturizingcream.html

http://www.ehow.com/about_5267218_use-arbutin.html