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SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

1(a)

Inverted / Virtual / Enlarged / Magnified

1

1

(b)(i)

 
(b)(i)   Atau 1  

Atau

(b)(i)   Atau 1  

1

 

Mark dapat jika (b)(ii) betul

(ii)

M1

The object is at u < f Correct ray diagram & symbol of mirror (Shape of

1

M2

mirror bergantung kepada ray diagram untuk cahaya datang)

1

3

3

Syarat : M2 dapat jika objek, O dan imej, I dilabel

 

TOTAL

4 M

2(a)(i)

Electromotive force / e.m.f.

 

1

2

(ii)

1.5 V ( with correct unit)

 

1

(b)(i)

M1

Calculate the gradient of graph

   
 

1

=

1.5

−1.0

// - 1.25

0.0

0.4

M2

State r = - gradient // state correct value of r

2

1.25 VA -1 /

 

1

(ii)

Increases

 

1

1

 

TOTAL

5 M

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

3

(a)

Electrical energy → Heat energy

1

1

 

(b)

M1

0.3 x 4200 x (100-28)

1

2

 

M2

90720 J (with unit)

1

 

M1

800 x 150

1

 

0.05

2

M2

2 x 10 6 Jkg -1 (with unit)

1

 

Heat is used to overcome/break the attraction force/bonding between the molecules

1

1

 

TOTAL

6 M

4

(a)

Pascal’s principle (Correct spelling)

1

1

 

(b)

Produce air bubble at high temperature // Boiling point low

1

1

(c)(i)

M1

Piston A has smaller surface area to produce big pressure

1

2

M2

Piston B has bigger surface area to produce big force at piston B

1

 

(ii)

Increase surface area of piston B // Decrease surface area of piston A

1

1

 

(d)

M1

50 15

1

 
 

2

2

M2

375 N (With unit)

1

 

TOTAL

7 M

5

(a)

Rate of change of momentum Terima jika beri rumus dengan memberi maksud kepada setiap simbol

1

1

(b)

(i)

Diagram 5.1 > Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa

1

 
 

(ii)

Diagram 5.1 < Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa

1

3

 

(iii)

Diagram 5.1 > Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa

1

(c)

(i)

When time (of contact) decreases, displacement (of the ball) increases

1

 
 

(ii)

When change of momentum is increases, the displacement (of the ball) increases

1

2

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

(d)

(i)

F

inversely proportional to t // F 1

1

 

(ii)

directly proportional to (mv mu) / change of momentum // F change of momentum

F

1

2

 

TOTAL

8

M

6 (a)

Light that has one colour / wavelength / frequency

1

1

(b)

M1

Overlapping between crest and crest / trough and trough producing a constructive interference / bright fringes

1

2

M2

Overlapping between crest and trough producing a destructive interference / dark fringes

1

(c)

(i)

Diagram 6.1 < Diagram 6.2 / vice-versa // a 1 < a 2 / vice-

   
 

versa

1

(ii)

Same / equal

 

1

4

(iii)

Same / equal / D 1 = D 2

 

1

(iv)

Diagram 6.1 > Diagram 6.2 / vice-versa

1

(d)

 

1

   

x

1

1

 
   

 

TOTAL

8

M

7 (a)(i)

A material( that can) conduct (electricity) better than

1

 

insulators but not as good as metal conductor

1

(ii)

Diagram 7.1

 

1

1

(iii)

M1

A diode only allow current to flow in one direction // Diode is in forward biased

1

2

M2

Resistance of diode is low

1

(b)

(i)

(b) (i) 1 2

1

2

(ii)

Capacitor

 

1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

(c) (i) (ii)

(c) (i) (ii)    
   

(iii)

3

M1

Susunan diod betul Kedudukan kapasitor selari dengan R (Terima tanpa label symbol betul) Bentuk waveform betul

1

M2

1

M3

1

* Terima kedudukan diod dan waveform terbalik

(d)

Full wave rectification

1

1

 

TOTAL

10 M

8 (a)

- an unstable nuclei//unstable isotope

1

1

(b)(i)

Fast moving electron

1

2

(ii)

G-M tube

1

(c)

(i)

-not strong enough to pass through the juice

1

 

(ii)

- will not be stopped by the juice

1

2

(d)

Lead container

1

1

(e)

(i)

E

1

 

(ii)

M1

the most radioactive emission pass through the juice

1

3

M2

the reading of rate meter is the highest

1

(f)

(i)

still there is reading shown

1

 

(ii)

M1

back ground reading

1

3

M2

back ground reading is from radioactive materials naturally present in soil, rock or cosmic radiation

1

 

TOTAL

12 M

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

9 (a)

Quantity of heat required by 1 kg of mass to increase the temperature by 1 o C

1

1

(b) (i)

Mass of cooking oil in Diagram 9.1 < Diagram 9.2 // vice- versa

1

 

(ii)

Quantity of heat is equal / same

1

3

(iii)

final temperature in Diagram 9.1 > Diagram 9.2

1

(c)

M1

When mass of cooking oil is small, the fish is overcooked /scorched // vice-versa

1

 

M2

When mass is small, increase in temperature is high // mass inversely proportional to increase in temperature

1

2

(d)

M1

During the day, the sea and the land receive the same amount of heat from the sun

1

 

M2

Land heated to a high temperature because land has low specific heat capacity // vice-versa

1

4

M3

During night, air above the land and sea release Heat

1

M4

Temperature of the sea decreases slowly because water has low specific heat capacity // vice-versa

1

(e)

M1

Size of fan big

1

 

M2

More wind blows to cool the hot water faster

1

M3

Number of fins many

1

M4

Can cool the engine faster

1

M5

Cooling liquid is water

1

M6

High specific capacity// high boiling point//cheap//easily available//does not react with the inner part of engine

1

10

M7

Liquid that has high specific heat capacity

1

M8

Transfer large quantity of heat with small increase in temperature

1

M9

Liquid of high boiling point

1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

 

M10

Not easy to vapor when absorb heat from the engine

1

 
 

TOTAL

10 M

10 (a)

Current that produced when there is a relative motion between a wire conductor and a solenoid, the magnetic field is cuts

1

1

(b)(i)

M1

The height is equal

1

 

M2

Number of turns in Diagram 10.1 < Diagram 10.2 // vice-versa

1

3

M3

Angle of deflection in Diagram 10.1 < Diagram 10.2 // vice-versa

1

(ii)

M1

When number of turns increases, angle of deflection increases // vice-versa

1

 

M2

When the induced current produced increases, the deflection of the galvanometer increases // vice- versa

1

2

(c)(i)

Lenz’s law (Correct spelling)

1

1

(ii)

M1

When ac current produced, the soft iron core is magnetised and demagnetized

1

 
 

1

M2

Producing a changing magnetic flux

3

M3

Producing an induced voltage at secondary coil

1

(d)

M1

Increase speed of rotation

1

 

M2

Increase the rate of cutting of magnetic flux

1

M3

Use a stronger magnet

1

M4

To produce more magnetic flux

1

M5

Increase the number of turns at coil

1

10

M6

More magnetic flux is cut

1

M7

The coil is wound on a soft iron core

1

M8

Increase the strength of magnetic flux

1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

 

M9

Increase the area of cross section/ thickness / diameter of wire at coil

1

 

M10

Decrease resistance, more current is induced

1

 

TOTAL

20 M

11 (a) (i)

Convex lens

 

1

 

(ii)

(ii)   4
 

4

M1

Object at u < f

1

M2

Ray refract to F and ray pass through center of lens

1

M3

Virtual line and image is labeled

1

M4

State : Virtual, Upright, Magnified

1

(b) (i)

M1

1

//

100

1

 

5

5

M2

0.2 m // 20 cm

1

(ii)

M1

1

1

1

20

30

5

 

M2

60 cm // 0.6 m (Dengan unit)

1

(iii)

60

30 // 2 (tanpa unit)

1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

(c)

(c) 12 (a) (b) (i) (ii) (c) (i) (ii) (iii) Characteristics   Explanation Type of lenses

12 (a)

(b) (i)

(ii)

(c) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

Characteristics

 

Explanation

Type of lenses Jenis kanta:

Produce real image

convex

Focal length of objective lens,f o / Focal length of

Both lenses have high power of the lens to produce bigger image

eyepiece lens,f e Jarak fokus kanta objek f o / Jarak fokus kanta mata f e,

4 cm

/

6 cm

 

Distance between two lenses, L (cm) Jarak antara dua kanta, L (cm)

Normal adjustment to produce sharp image

L >

f o + f e

Power of eyepiece Kuasa kanta mata High / tinggi

Eyepiece act as magnifying glass to magnified the image

Choosen : R

 

Because R are convex lenses,has f 0 = 4 cm and

 

f e = 6 cm, L >

f o + f e and

has high power of eyepiece.

f o + f e and has high power of eyepiece. 1 000 J of energy

1 000 J of energy is consumed in 1 s when connected to a 240 V power supply

M1

1 000 x 2 x 60 x 60

M2

7.2 x 10 6 J (With unit)

M1

M2

1000

240

4.17 A (with unit)

M1

When high current flows / short circuit occurs

M2

The wire in the fuse will melt and break the circuit

5 A

M1

Live wire

M2

Because live wire carries current

1, 1

1, 1

1

,

1

1.1

1,1

TOTAL

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

20 M

1

Because live wire carries current 1, 1 1, 1 1 , 1 1.1 1,1 TOTAL 1

4

2

1

2

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

   

SUB-

TOTAL

QUESTION

 

MARKING SCHEME

MARK

MARK

(d)

M1

Melting point is low

1

 

M2

Easy to break the circuit when high current flows through it

1

M3

Low specific heat capacity

1

M4

Easy to get hot

1

M5

High resistance

1

10

M6

Easy to get hot

1

M7

Thickness of wire small / thin wire

1

M8

High resistance // Easy to hot // less mass // requires small space

1

M9

M

1

M10

Because (M1,3,5 & 7 / M2,4.6.8)

1

 

TOTAL

20 M

SKEMA TAMAT.

Skema ini adalah cadangan jawapan. Jika ada jawapan lain yang setara adalah mengikut budi bicara tuan/puan.