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SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK 1(a) Inverted / Virtual / Enlarged / Magnified 1 1 (b)(i) Atau 1 Mark dapat jika (b)(ii) betul (ii) M1 The object is at u < f Correct ray diagram & symbol of mirror (Shape of 1 M2 mirror bergantung kepada ray diagram untuk cahaya datang) 1 3 Syarat : M2 dapat jika objek, O dan imej, I dilabel TOTAL 4 M 2(a)(i) Electromotive force / e.m.f. 1 2 (ii) 1.5 V ( with correct unit) 1 (b)(i) M1 Calculate the gradient of graph 1 = 1.5 −1.0 // - 1.25 0.0 − 0.4 M2 State r = - gradient // state correct value of r 2 1.25 VA -1 /  1 (ii) Increases 1 1 TOTAL 5 M

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK 3 (a) Electrical energy → Heat energy 1 1 (b) M1 0.3 x 4200 x (100-28) 1 2 M2 90720 J (with unit) 1 M1 800 x 150 1 0.05 2 M2 2 x 10 6 Jkg -1 (with unit) 1 Heat is used to overcome/break the attraction force/bonding between the molecules 1 1 TOTAL 6 M 4 (a) Pascal’s principle (Correct spelling) 1 1 (b) Produce air bubble at high temperature // Boiling point low 1 1 (c)(i) M1 Piston A has smaller surface area to produce big pressure 1 2 M2 Piston B has bigger surface area to produce big force at piston B 1 (ii) Increase surface area of piston B // Decrease surface area of piston A 1 1 (d) M1 50 15 1 2 2 M2 375 N (With unit) 1 TOTAL 7 M 5 (a) Rate of change of momentum Terima jika beri rumus dengan memberi maksud kepada setiap simbol 1 1 (b) (i) Diagram 5.1 > Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa 1 (ii) Diagram 5.1 < Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa 1 3 (iii) Diagram 5.1 > Diagram 5.2 // vice-versa 1 (c) (i) When time (of contact) decreases, displacement (of the ball) increases 1 (ii) When change of momentum is increases, the displacement (of the ball) increases 1 2

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK (d) (i) F inversely proportional to t // F ∝ 1 1 (ii) directly proportional to (mv – mu) / change of momentum // F ∝ change of momentum F 1 2 TOTAL 8 M 6 (a) Light that has one colour / wavelength / frequency 1 1 (b) M1 Overlapping between crest and crest / trough and trough producing a constructive interference / bright fringes 1 2 M2 Overlapping between crest and trough producing a destructive interference / dark fringes 1 (c) (i) Diagram 6.1 < Diagram 6.2 / vice-versa // a 1 < a 2 / vice- versa 1 (ii) Same / equal 1 4 (iii) Same / equal / D 1 = D 2 1 (iv) Diagram 6.1 > Diagram 6.2 / vice-versa 1 (d) 1 x ∝ 1 1 TOTAL 8 M 7 (a)(i) A material( that can) conduct (electricity) better than 1 insulators but not as good as metal conductor 1 (ii) Diagram 7.1 1 1 (iii) M1 A diode only allow current to flow in one direction // Diode is in forward biased 1 2 M2 Resistance of diode is low 1 (b) (i) 1 2 (ii) Capacitor 1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK (c) (i) (ii) (iii) 3 M1 Susunan diod betul Kedudukan kapasitor selari dengan R (Terima tanpa label – symbol betul) Bentuk waveform betul 1 M2 1 M3 1 * Terima kedudukan diod dan waveform terbalik (d) Full wave rectification 1 1 TOTAL 10 M 8 (a) - an unstable nuclei//unstable isotope 1 1 (b)(i) Fast moving electron 1 2 (ii) G-M tube 1 (c) (i) -not strong enough to pass through the juice 1 (ii) - will not be stopped by the juice 1 2 (d) Lead container 1 1 (e) (i) E 1 (ii) M1 the most radioactive emission pass through the juice 1 3 M2 the reading of rate meter is the highest 1 (f) (i) still there is reading shown 1 (ii) M1 back ground reading 1 3 M2 back ground reading is from radioactive materials naturally present in soil, rock or cosmic radiation 1 TOTAL 12 M

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK 9 (a) Quantity of heat required by 1 kg of mass to increase the temperature by 1 o C 1 1 (b) (i) Mass of cooking oil in Diagram 9.1 < Diagram 9.2 // vice- versa 1 (ii) Quantity of heat is equal / same 1 3 (iii) final temperature in Diagram 9.1 > Diagram 9.2 1 (c) M1 When mass of cooking oil is small, the fish is overcooked /scorched // vice-versa 1 M2 When mass is small, increase in temperature is high // mass inversely proportional to increase in temperature 1 2 (d) M1 During the day, the sea and the land receive the same amount of heat from the sun 1 M2 Land heated to a high temperature because land has low specific heat capacity // vice-versa 1 4 M3 During night, air above the land and sea release Heat 1 M4 Temperature of the sea decreases slowly because water has low specific heat capacity // vice-versa 1 (e) M1 Size of fan big 1 M2 More wind blows to cool the hot water faster 1 M3 Number of fins many 1 M4 Can cool the engine faster 1 M5 Cooling liquid is water 1 M6 High specific capacity// high boiling point//cheap//easily available//does not react with the inner part of engine 1 10 M7 Liquid that has high specific heat capacity 1 M8 Transfer large quantity of heat with small increase in temperature 1 M9 Liquid of high boiling point 1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK M10 Not easy to vapor when absorb heat from the engine 1 TOTAL 10 M 10 (a) Current that produced when there is a relative motion between a wire conductor and a solenoid, the magnetic field is cuts 1 1 (b)(i) M1 The height is equal 1 M2 Number of turns in Diagram 10.1 < Diagram 10.2 // vice-versa 1 3 M3 Angle of deflection in Diagram 10.1 < Diagram 10.2 // vice-versa 1 (ii) M1 When number of turns increases, angle of deflection increases // vice-versa 1 M2 When the induced current produced increases, the deflection of the galvanometer increases // vice- versa 1 2 (c)(i) Lenz’s law (Correct spelling) 1 1 (ii) M1 When ac current produced, the soft iron core is magnetised and demagnetized 1 1 M2 Producing a changing magnetic flux 3 M3 Producing an induced voltage at secondary coil 1 (d) M1 Increase speed of rotation 1 M2 Increase the rate of cutting of magnetic flux 1 M3 Use a stronger magnet 1 M4 To produce more magnetic flux 1 M5 Increase the number of turns at coil 1 10 M6 More magnetic flux is cut 1 M7 The coil is wound on a soft iron core 1 M8 Increase the strength of magnetic flux 1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK M9 Increase the area of cross section/ thickness / diameter of wire at coil 1 M10 Decrease resistance, more current is induced 1 TOTAL 20 M 11 (a) (i) Convex lens 1 (ii) 4 M1 Object at u < f 1 M2 Ray refract to F and ray pass through center of lens 1 M3 Virtual line and image is labeled 1 M4 State : Virtual, Upright, Magnified 1 (b) (i) M1 1 // 100 1 5 5 M2 0.2 m // 20 cm 1 (ii) M1 1 1 1 20 − 30 5 M2 60 cm // 0.6 m (Dengan unit) 1 (iii) 60 30 // 2 (tanpa unit) 1

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

(c)

12 (a)

(b) (i)

(ii)

(c) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

 Characteristics Explanation Type of lenses Jenis kanta: Produce real image convex Focal length of objective lens,f o / Focal length of Both lenses have high power of the lens to produce bigger image eyepiece lens,f e Jarak fokus kanta objek f o / Jarak fokus kanta mata f e, 4 cm / 6 cm Distance between two lenses, L (cm) Jarak antara dua kanta, L (cm) Normal adjustment to produce sharp image L > f o + f e Power of eyepiece Kuasa kanta mata High / tinggi Eyepiece act as magnifying glass to magnified the image Choosen : R Because R are convex lenses,has f 0 = 4 cm and f e = 6 cm, L > f o + f e and has high power of eyepiece.

1 000 J of energy is consumed in 1 s when connected to a 240 V power supply

 M1 1 000 x 2 x 60 x 60 M2 7.2 x 10 6 J (With unit)

M1

M2

1000

240

4.17 A (with unit)

 M1 When high current flows / short circuit occurs M2 The wire in the fuse will melt and break the circuit

5 A

 M1 Live wire M2 Because live wire carries current

1, 1

1, 1

1

,

1

1.1

1,1

TOTAL

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

20 M

1

4

2

1

2

SKEMA/4531/2

SET 1

MODUL G-CAKNA

 SUB- TOTAL QUESTION MARKING SCHEME MARK MARK (d) M1 Melting point is low 1 M2 Easy to break the circuit when high current flows through it 1 M3 Low specific heat capacity 1 M4 Easy to get hot 1 M5 High resistance 1 10 M6 Easy to get hot 1 M7 Thickness of wire small / thin wire 1 M8 High resistance // Easy to hot // less mass // requires small space 1 M9 M 1 M10 Because (M1,3,5 & 7 / M2,4.6.8) 1 TOTAL 20 M

SKEMA TAMAT.