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Multivariable Calculus and Differential Equations 2015 Summer Assignment

Mr. Prucha http://home.comcast.net/~pruchasaysgobears

Vectors

I’ve decided we will begin the year reviewing what we started in Chapter 10 of the BC text on vectors. For the first semester of MVDE, we will cover multivariable calculus using the older edition of the BC text. To start, we will quickly review the sections we covered on vectors and then finish chapter 10 before continuing on to Chapters 11 through 14. I encourage you to spend some time reviewing your notes from the first four sections we covered on vectors.

Calculus Review (40 homework points)

The following pages are a collection of first year calculus problems taken from UC Berkeley Math 1A and 1B exams. Some will be basic review, and others will be challenging; overall, they provide a good review of the calculus you learned in BC, so take your time and do each problem carefully and neatly on separate paper. I encourage you to find a partner or group of classmates to communicate and/or meet with to discuss and work on the problems that follow. Your work will be due the first week of school after we’ve had time to go over any problems you have questions about. Use your notes from BC or any other appropriate resource available to you. And no, these problems DO NOT REQUIRE A CALCULATOR, so you are expected to submit work that reflect your own efforts. FYI, I will be grading your work for effort, quality, and accuracy.

Finally, if you have any questions about anything, email me. I’ll get back to you as soon as I can. Otherwise, enjoy the rest of your summer and I’ll see you in late August! GO BEARS!!!

1. Evaluate each limit analytically. 1 + x − 1 − x ! a) !
1. Evaluate each limit analytically.
1 + x − 1 − x
! a) ! lim
x → 0
x
x 2 − 6 x + 9
b) ! lim
x → 3
x 2 − 4 x + 3
co s 5 x − 1
c) ! lim
x → 0
x 2
(
2
)
d) ! lim x
x + 1 − x
x → ∞
f ( 5 x
)
e) !
lim
for !
f ( x ) = x 2 + x 3
.
x → 0
f ( x )
1
2. Using the !
ε − δ
definition of limit, prove that !
lim
= 2
.
x
x → 1
2
1 ⎞ ⎤
3. Use the Squeeze Theorem to determine !
lim x 7 sin
.
x → 0
x
⎠ ⎟
4. Use the Intermediate Value Theorem to prove the equation !
2 x 3 = 3 x
has a root in the interval !
(1, 2 )
.
2
5. Use the limit definition to find the derivative of !
f ( x ) =
. Then find the equation of the tangent line to the graph of
1 − 3 x

this function at !

x = 2

.

6. Find all the asymptotes (horizontal, vertical and slant) of the function !

f

( x ) = x 3 1 x 2 1

.

Multivariable Calculus and Differential Equations 2015 Summer Assignment

7. Suppose !

f

( x ) = 1 + x 2

. If !

g = f ! f

and !

h = f ! g

, what are !

g (1)

8. Find the derivative of each of the following functions:

8. Find the derivative of each of the following functions: a) ! f ( x )

a) ! f ( x ) = 1 + 1 + x 2

b) ! f ( x ) = e ln x ( ( 3 )) c)
b) ! f ( x ) = e ln x
(
(
3 ))
c) ! f ( x ) =
co s sin x

9. If !

sin x + co s y = sin x co s y

, find !

d y

d x

.

Mr. Prucha http://home.comcast.net/~pruchasaysgobears

and !

h (1)

?

10. Find the slope, as well as !

y

′′

of the curve !

y 3 = x 4 + 8 y 9

at the point !

(1, 2 )

.

11. Let !

! c ln

0 < a < b

.

b

a

⎞ ⎠ = b a

. Use the Mean Value Theorem to show that there exists a number c such that !

a < c < b

and

12. Determine the maximum and minimum values of the function !

values of all points where they occur.

f

( x ) = ( 2 x + 1) e x 2

on the interval !

[0, 1]

, and find the x-

13. If Newton’s method is used to solve !

approximation?

x 3 + x 2 + 2 = 0

with an initial approximation of !

x 0 = 2 , what is the second

14. For !

f

( x ) =

x

(1 x ) 2

,

a) determine the intervals of increase and decrease and the local extrema.

b) determine the intervals of concavity and points of inflection.

c) Neatly sketch the curve on an appropriate domain.

15. A cylindrical gob of goo is undergoing a transformation in which its height is decreasing at the rate of 1 cm/sec, while its

volume is decreasing at the rate of !

centimeters and its height is 6 centimeters, determine whether its radius is increasing or decreasing at that instant, and at what

rate. Assume the goo retains its cylindrical shape while all this is happening.

2π

cubic centimeters per second. If, at a given instant, its volume is !

2 4 π

cubic

16. Evaluate each of the following integrals:

a) !

c) !

e) !

1

1

tan

π

4

x 3 d x

1

(

x sin x 2

) e cos x 2

) 3 2 ∫ ( 1 − x 1 3
) 3 2
(
1 − x 1 3

d x

0

d

x

Hint: Let !

1 x 1 3 = u 2

b) !

d) !

f) !

2

d

x

9 x 2 + 1

4 ∫ x x − 1 d x
4
x
x − 1 d x

1

d t ∫ 1 + 4 t 2
d
t
1 + 4 t 2

Multivariable Calculus and Differential Equations 2015 Summer Assignment

Mr. Prucha http://home.comcast.net/~pruchasaysgobears

17. A cyclist traveling at 30 ft/sec decelerates at a constant 3 !

complete stop?

ft / sec 2

. How many feet does he travel before coming to a

18. Find !

2

1

x 2 d x

by constructing an infinite Riemann sum and using summation rules to evaluate its limit.

19. Find the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region bounded by !

y

= 2 x 2

and !

y

= 3 x x 2

about the y-axis.

20. Find the area of the region bounded by the parabola !

y = x 2 , the y-axis, and the line tangent to the parabola at !

( 2, 4 )

21. Find the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region bounded by !

y = 4

and !

y = e x + e x

about the x-axis.

.

22. A piece of wire 10 meters long is to be cut into two pieces. With one piece you form a square, and with the other piece

you form a circle. How should you cut the wire to minimize the total area of the square and circle combined? This is an optimization problem, so show your work analytically.

23. Use a linear approximation of !

f

( x ) = x 1 4

at !

x 0 = 8 1

to approximate !

24. Evaluate the following definite, indefinite, and improper integrals.

a)

c)

!

!

5

5

x 2 + 2 x

+ 4

( x + 2 )

(

4

d t

2

x

+ 1

)

t 2 2 t 3

d

x

b) !

d) !

1

0

2

0

. x 3 1 + x 2 d x 2 x − x 2 d
.
x 3
1 + x 2
d x
2 x − x 2 d x

e) !

d x

e x ( ln x ) 2

f) !

2

0

d x

( x 1) 2

g) !

1 sin x

1

e x + e

x d x

h) !

1

0

d

d x

e 4 x ln


x + 2

x + 1

⎞ ⎟ ⎠

⎠ ⎟

d x

i) !

3

∫ 9 − u 2
9
− u 2

0

d u

e k) ! ∫ ( ln x ) 2 d x ` 1 m) !
e
k) !
( ln x ) 2 d x
`
1
m) !
cos
(
x
)
d x
25. If the curve defined by !

surface.

y

− x 2
− x 2

= 2 x

26. Sketch the curve given by !

y

= 2 co s t

, on the interval ! 0 x 1

j) !

4 x 2 + 9 x + 3

x 3 + 2 x 2 + x

d x

l) !

x 2 + 9 x + 3 x 3 + 2 x 2 + x d

0 x

d

x

n) !

2 π

0

co s ( 3 x ) sin ( 7 x ) d x

, is rotated about the x-axis, find the area of the resulting

and !

x = 2 t + 2 sin t

for !

π t π

. Then find its length.

!

Multivariable Calculus and Differential Equations 2015 Summer Assignment

Mr. Prucha http://home.comcast.net/~pruchasaysgobears

27. Find the area of the surface obtained by rotating the curve defined by !

y = 2 co sh

x

2

for !

0 x 2

about the x-axis.

28. Use Simpson’s Rule with two subintervals to approximate !

2

0

1

2 x + 1 d x

.

29. In an idealized model, the trout population in a pond at time t is defined by !

d P

d t

= P 0 . 0 0 1P 2

.

a) If !

P ( 0 ) = 1 0 0

, solve explicitly for !

P (t )

.

P (t )

, and is assumed to satisfy the equation

b) What is the value of !

P (t )

as !

t → ∞

?

d P

d t

c) Suppose only 10 trout are left in the pond after a fishing season and suppose the equation !

continues to hold for the trout population. What will the trout population approximately be after a very long time if

left alone?

= P 0 . 0 0 1P 2

( 2 ∑ ∞ sin n + 2 ) 30. Determine if the series !
(
2
∑ ∞ sin n + 2
)
30. Determine if the series !
is convergent, absolutely convergent, or divergent.
n ( n − 5 )
n = 6
∞ 2 n n !
31. Determine if the series !
∑ ( −1) n
is convergent, absolutely convergent, or divergent.
5 ⋅ 8 ⋅ 1 1 ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ( 3n + 2 )
n =1
2 n + 3 n
32. Determine if the series !
is convergent, absolutely convergent, or divergent.
n
6
n = 0
( −1) n
33. Show that the alternating series !
converges and determine how many terms are needed to approximate the actual
n !1 0 n
n =1
sum with an error of less than !
1 × 1 0 −5
?

!

34. How many terms of the alternating series !

5 × 1 0 4

?

1) n

2 n )!

( are needed to approximate the actual sum with an error of less than

n

=1

(

35. Find the radius of convergence for !

( n !) 3 x n

n

=1

(

3n )!

.

36. Determine the interval of convergence for !

n 5 ( x 5 ) n

n = 0

8

n

37. Find the MacLauren series for !

f ( x ) =

1

. 1 − x 2
.
1 − x 2

.

Multivariable Calculus and Differential Equations 2015 Summer Assignment

1

Mr. Prucha http://home.comcast.net/~pruchasaysgobears

38. Use a known power series to express ! ∫ sin x 2 ) d
38. Use a known power series to express !
sin x 2 ) d x
(
as an infinite series, and show that it is convergent.
0
x 5
39. Use known power series to evaluate the limit !
lim
.
x → 0
sin x − x + x 3 6

40. Find the area of the plane region bounded by the three polar curves defined by !

sketch of the region.

r = sec θ , ! θ = 0

, and !

θ = π

4

. Include a