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International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No.

4, ISSN: 1837-7823

On A Generalised Almost Contact Metric Structure II


L K Pandey
D S Institute of Technology & Management, Ghaziabad, U.P. - 201007
dr.pandeylk@rediffmail.com
Abstract
In 1975, Golab [1] studied quarter-symmetric connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1980, R. S. Mishra,
and S. N. Pandey [2] discussed on quarter-symmetric metric F-connection and in 1982, K. Yano and T. Imai [6]
studied on quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors. Quarter-symmetric metric connection is
also studied by R. N. Singh and S. K. Pandey [5], A. K. Mondal and U. C. De [3] and many others.
This paper is a continuation of [4]. In this paper, generalised nearly Sasakian manifolds and generalised
almost Sasakian manifolds have been defined and some of their properties have been established with generalised
Co-symplectic manifolds. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold has also been introduced.
Keywords: Generalised nearly and almost Sasakian manifolds, generalised Co-symplectic manifolds, generalised
induced connection.

1.

Introduction

An n (=2m+1) dimensional differentiable manifold , on which there are defined a tensor field of type
(1, 1), two contravariant vector fields 1 and 2 , two covariant vector fields 1 and 2 and a metric tensor ,
satisfying for arbitrary vector fields , , ,
= + 1 ()1 + 2 ()2 , 1 = 0, 2 = 0, 1 (1 ) = 1, 2 (2 ) = 1, , 1 () = 0,

(1.1)

2 () = 0, rank = n2
(, ) = (, ) 1 ()1 () 2 ()2 (), where 1 () = (, 1 ), 2 () = (, 2 )

(1.2)

`(, ) ( , )
Then is called a generalised almost contact metric manifold or generalised almost Grayan manifold and the
structure (, 1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , ) is known as generalised almost contact metric structure [4]
On a generalised almost contact metric manifold, we have
(1.3) (a) `(, ) + `(, ) = 0

(b) `( , ) = `(, )

(c) ( `)(, 1 ) = ( 1 )()

(d) ( `)(, 2 ) = ( 2 )()

(1.4) (a) ( `)( , ) ( `)(, ) = 1 ()( 1 )() + 2 ()( 2 )() + 1 ()( 1 )() +
2 ()( 2 )()
(b) ( `) ( , ) = ( `) ( , )
(c)

( `)( , ) + ( `)(, ) = 1 ()( 1 )() + 2 ()( 2 )() 1 ()( 1 )()


2 ()( 2 )()

(d)

( `) ( , ) + ( `)( , ) = 0

Where D is the Riemannian connection on .

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

A generalised almost contact metric manifold is called a generalised Sasakian manifold if


(1.5) (a)

2( )() + {1 () + 2 ()} + ( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

(b)

2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()}( , ) = 0

(c)

2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

On this manifold, we have


(1.6) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )
(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, )
From (1.5) (b), the equation of a generalised Sasakian manifold can be written as
(1.7) (a) 2( `)(, ) = {1 () + 2 ()}`(, )
(b) 2( `) (, ) = {1 () + 2 ()}( , )
(c) ( `)(, ) = 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( )
Nijenhuis tensor in a generalised almost contact metric manifold is given by
(1.8) `(, , ) = ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, )
`(, , ) (( , ), )

Where

2.

Generalised nearly and almost Sasakian manifold


A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold if

(2.1) 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()} ( , )


= 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()} ( , )
= 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()} ( , )
The equation of a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold can be modified as
(2.2) (a)

2( ) + 2( ) + {1 () + 2 ()} + {1 () + 2 ()} + 2( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

(b) 2( `)(, ) + 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + 2{1 () +


2 ()} ( , ) = 0
These equations can be written as
(2.3) (a)
(b)
(2.4) (a)

2( ) + 2( ) {1 () + 2 ()} 2`(, )(1 + 2 ) = 0


2( `)(, ) 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} `(, ) 2{1 () + 2 ()}`(, ) = 0
2( ) + 2( ) {1 () + 2 ()} 2( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

(b)
(2.5) (a)

2( `) ( , ) 2 ( `) (, ) + {1 () + 2 ()}( , ) 2{1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) = 0


( ) + ( ) + 1 (){ 1 (1 )} + 2 (){ 2 (2 )} + 1 (){ 1
(1 )} + 2 (){ 2 (2 )} + ( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

(b) ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) 1 (){( 1 )( ) (1 `)( , )} 2 (){( 2 )( )


(2 `)( , )} 1 (){( 1 )( ) + (1 `)( , )} 2 (){( 2 )( ) + (2 `)( , )} +
{1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) = 0
A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised almost Sasakian manifold if
(2.6) ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) = 0

3.

Generalised Co-symplectic manifold


A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised Co-symplectic manifold if

(3.1) (a)
(b)

( ) + 1 () 1 + 2 () 2 + ( 1 )( )1 + ( 2 )( )2 = 0
( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )() 2 ()( 2 )() + 1 ()( 1 )() + 2 ()( 2 )() = 0

Therefore a generalised Co-symplectic manifold is a generalised Sasakian manifold if


(3.2) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )
(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised nearly Co-symplectic manifold if
(3.3)

( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( ) + 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( )


= ( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( ) + 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( )
= ( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( ) + 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( )

It is clear that a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold is a generalised nearly Co-symplectic manifold, in which
(3.4) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )
(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

A generalised almost Sasakian manifold will be called a generalised almost Co-symplectic manifold if
(3.5)

( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + 1 (){( 1 )( ) ( 1 )( )} +


2 (){( 2 )( ) ( 2 )( )} + 1 (){( 1 )( ) ( 1 )( )} + 2 (){( 2 )( )
( 2 )( )} + 1 (){( 1 )( ) ( 1 )( )} + 2 (){( 2 )( ) ( 2 )( )} = 0

Therefore, A generalised almost Co-symplectic manifold is a generalised almost Sasakian manifold if


(3.6) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )
(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

4.

Completely Integrable manifolds


Barring , , in (1.8) and using equations (2.1), (1.4) (b), we see that a generalised nearly Sasakian

manifold is completely integrable if


(4.1) ( `)( , ) + ( `)( , ) = 0.
Barring X, Y, Z in (1.8) and using equations (2.6), (1.4) (b), we see that a generalised almost Sasakian manifold is
completely integrable if
(4.2) ( `)( , ) = 0.

5. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold.


Let 21 be submanifold of 2+1 and let 21 2+1 be the inclusion map such that
21 2+1 ,
Where induces a linear transformation (Jacobian map)

21 2+1 .

21 is a tangent space to 21 at point and 2+1 is a tangent space to 2+1 at point such that
in 21 at in 2+1 at
Let be the induced metric tensor in 21 . Then we have
(, ) = (( ( , ))

(5.1)

We now suppose that a generalised semi-symmetric metric F-connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold is
given by
2 = 2 1 () 2 () + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 () + 2 ()} ,

(5.2)

Where and are arbitrary vector fields of 2+1. If


(5.3) (a)
(b)

1 = 1 + 1 + 1

and

2 = 2 + 2 + 2

Where 1 and 2 are vector fields in 21 and and are unit normal vectors to 21 .
Denoting by the connection induced on the submanifold from , we have Gauss equation
(5.4)

= ( ) + (, ) + (, )

Where and are symmetric bilinear functions in 21 . Similarly we have


(5.5)

= ( ) + (, ) + (, ) ,

Where is the connection induced on the submanifold from and and are symmetric bilinear functions in
21
Inconsequence of (5.2), we have

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

(5.6)

2 = 2 1 () 2 ( ) + (, )1 + ( , )2 2{1 () +
2 ()}

Using (5.4), (5.5) and (5.6), we get


(5.7)

2 ( ) + 2(, ) + 2(, ) = 2( ) + 2(, ) + 2( , ) 1 ( )


2 () + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 () + 2 ()}

Using (5.3) (a) and (5.3) (b), we obtain


(5.8)

2( ) + 2(, ) + 2(, ) = 2( ) + 2(, ) + 2( , ) 1 ( )


2 ( ) + ( , )( 1 + 1 + 1 ) + (, )( 2 + 2 + 2 ) 2{1 ( ) +
2 ( )}
1 ) 1 ( )
(,

Where

2 ) 2 ( )
and (,

This gives
(5.9)

= 2 1 ( ) 2 ( ) + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 ( ) + 2 ( )}
2

Iff
(5.10) (a)

2(, ) = 2(, ) + 1 ( , ) + 2 ( , )

(b)

2(, ) = 2(, ) + 1 ( , ) + 2 ( , )

Thus we have
Theorem 5.1 The connection induced on a submanifold of a generalised Sasakian manifold with a generalised
semi-symmetric metric F-connection with respect to unit normal vectors and is also semi-symmetric metric Fconnection iff (5.10) holds.

References
[1] Golab, S. (1975) On semi-symmetric and quarter-symmetric linear connections, Tensor, N.S., 29, pp. 249254.
[2] Mishra, R. S. and Pandey,S. N.(1980) On quarter-symmetric metric F-connection, Tensor, N.S., 34, pp. 17.
[3] Mondal, A. K. and De, U. C. (2009) Some properties of a Quarter-symmetric metric connection on a Sasakian
Manifold Bulletin of Mathematical analysis and applications, 1, pp. 99-108.
[4] Pandey, L. K., (2015) On a generalised almost contact metric structure I, International journal of
Computational Intelligence and information sec. Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 13-17.
[5] Singh, R. N. and Pandey S. K. (2014), On a quarter-symmetric metric connection in an LP-Sasakian
Manifold, Thai J of Mathematics 12, pp. 357-371.
[6] Yano, K. and Imai, T. (1982) Quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors, Tensor,
N. S., 38, pp. 13-18.