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32 vizualizări5 paginiIn 1975, Golab [1] studied quarter-symmetric connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1980, R. S. Mishra, and S. N. Pandey [2] discussed on quarter-symmetric metric F-connection and in 1982, K. Yano and T. Imai [6] studied on quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors. Quarter-symmetric metric connection is also studied by R. N. Singh and S. K. Pandey [5], A. K. Mondal and U. C. De [3] and many others.
This paper is a continuation of [4]. In this paper, generalised nearly Sasakian manifolds and generalised almost Sasakian manifolds have been defined and some of their properties have been established with generalised Co-symplectic manifolds. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold has also been introduced.

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In 1975, Golab [1] studied quarter-symmetric connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1980, R. S. Mishra, and S. N. Pandey [2] discussed on quarter-symmetric metric F-connection and in 1982, K. Yano and T. Imai [6] studied on quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors. Quarter-symmetric metric connection is also studied by R. N. Singh and S. K. Pandey [5], A. K. Mondal and U. C. De [3] and many others.
This paper is a continuation of [4]. In this paper, generalised nearly Sasakian manifolds and generalised almost Sasakian manifolds have been defined and some of their properties have been established with generalised Co-symplectic manifolds. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold has also been introduced.

© All Rights Reserved

0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

32 vizualizări5 paginiIn 1975, Golab [1] studied quarter-symmetric connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1980, R. S. Mishra, and S. N. Pandey [2] discussed on quarter-symmetric metric F-connection and in 1982, K. Yano and T. Imai [6] studied on quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors. Quarter-symmetric metric connection is also studied by R. N. Singh and S. K. Pandey [5], A. K. Mondal and U. C. De [3] and many others.
This paper is a continuation of [4]. In this paper, generalised nearly Sasakian manifolds and generalised almost Sasakian manifolds have been defined and some of their properties have been established with generalised Co-symplectic manifolds. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold has also been introduced.

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4, ISSN: 1837-7823

L K Pandey

D S Institute of Technology & Management, Ghaziabad, U.P. - 201007

dr.pandeylk@rediffmail.com

Abstract

In 1975, Golab [1] studied quarter-symmetric connection in a differentiable manifold. In 1980, R. S. Mishra,

and S. N. Pandey [2] discussed on quarter-symmetric metric F-connection and in 1982, K. Yano and T. Imai [6]

studied on quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors. Quarter-symmetric metric connection is

also studied by R. N. Singh and S. K. Pandey [5], A. K. Mondal and U. C. De [3] and many others.

This paper is a continuation of [4]. In this paper, generalised nearly Sasakian manifolds and generalised

almost Sasakian manifolds have been defined and some of their properties have been established with generalised

Co-symplectic manifolds. Induced connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold has also been introduced.

Keywords: Generalised nearly and almost Sasakian manifolds, generalised Co-symplectic manifolds, generalised

induced connection.

1.

Introduction

An n (=2m+1) dimensional differentiable manifold , on which there are defined a tensor field of type

(1, 1), two contravariant vector fields 1 and 2 , two covariant vector fields 1 and 2 and a metric tensor ,

satisfying for arbitrary vector fields , , ,

= + 1 ()1 + 2 ()2 , 1 = 0, 2 = 0, 1 (1 ) = 1, 2 (2 ) = 1, , 1 () = 0,

(1.1)

2 () = 0, rank = n2

(, ) = (, ) 1 ()1 () 2 ()2 (), where 1 () = (, 1 ), 2 () = (, 2 )

(1.2)

`(, ) ( , )

Then is called a generalised almost contact metric manifold or generalised almost Grayan manifold and the

structure (, 1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , ) is known as generalised almost contact metric structure [4]

On a generalised almost contact metric manifold, we have

(1.3) (a) `(, ) + `(, ) = 0

(b) `( , ) = `(, )

(1.4) (a) ( `)( , ) ( `)(, ) = 1 ()( 1 )() + 2 ()( 2 )() + 1 ()( 1 )() +

2 ()( 2 )()

(b) ( `) ( , ) = ( `) ( , )

(c)

2 ()( 2 )()

(d)

( `) ( , ) + ( `)( , ) = 0

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

(1.5) (a)

(b)

(c)

2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

(1.6) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )

(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, )

From (1.5) (b), the equation of a generalised Sasakian manifold can be written as

(1.7) (a) 2( `)(, ) = {1 () + 2 ()}`(, )

(b) 2( `) (, ) = {1 () + 2 ()}( , )

(c) ( `)(, ) = 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( )

Nijenhuis tensor in a generalised almost contact metric manifold is given by

(1.8) `(, , ) = ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, )

`(, , ) (( , ), )

Where

2.

A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold if

= 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()} ( , )

= 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) + {1 () + 2 ()} ( , )

The equation of a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold can be modified as

(2.2) (a)

2 ()} ( , ) = 0

These equations can be written as

(2.3) (a)

(b)

(2.4) (a)

2( `)(, ) 2( `)(, ) {1 () + 2 ()} `(, ) 2{1 () + 2 ()}`(, ) = 0

2( ) + 2( ) {1 () + 2 ()} 2( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

(b)

(2.5) (a)

( ) + ( ) + 1 (){ 1 (1 )} + 2 (){ 2 (2 )} + 1 (){ 1

(1 )} + 2 (){ 2 (2 )} + ( , )(1 + 2 ) = 0

(2 `)( , )} 1 (){( 1 )( ) + (1 `)( , )} 2 (){( 2 )( ) + (2 `)( , )} +

{1 () + 2 ()} ( , ) = 0

A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised almost Sasakian manifold if

(2.6) ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) + ( `)(, ) = 0

3.

A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised Co-symplectic manifold if

(3.1) (a)

(b)

( ) + 1 () 1 + 2 () 2 + ( 1 )( )1 + ( 2 )( )2 = 0

( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )() 2 ()( 2 )() + 1 ()( 1 )() + 2 ()( 2 )() = 0

(3.2) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )

(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

A generalised almost contact metric manifold will be called a generalised nearly Co-symplectic manifold if

(3.3)

= ( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( ) + 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( )

= ( `)(, ) 1 ()( 1 )( ) 2 ()( 2 )( ) + 1 ()( 1 )( ) + 2 ()( 2 )( )

It is clear that a generalised nearly Sasakian manifold is a generalised nearly Co-symplectic manifold, in which

(3.4) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )

(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

A generalised almost Sasakian manifold will be called a generalised almost Co-symplectic manifold if

(3.5)

2 (){( 2 )( ) ( 2 )( )} + 1 (){( 1 )( ) ( 1 )( )} + 2 (){( 2 )( )

( 2 )( )} + 1 (){( 1 )( ) ( 1 )( )} + 2 (){( 2 )( ) ( 2 )( )} = 0

(3.6) (a) 2( 1 )( ) = 2( 2 )( ) = ( , )

(b) 2( 1 )( ) + 2 () = 2( 2 )( ) + 1 () = `(, ) (c) 2 1 = 2 ,

2 2 = 1

International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2015 Vol. 6, No. 4, ISSN: 1837-7823

4.

Barring , , in (1.8) and using equations (2.1), (1.4) (b), we see that a generalised nearly Sasakian

(4.1) ( `)( , ) + ( `)( , ) = 0.

Barring X, Y, Z in (1.8) and using equations (2.6), (1.4) (b), we see that a generalised almost Sasakian manifold is

completely integrable if

(4.2) ( `)( , ) = 0.

Let 21 be submanifold of 2+1 and let 21 2+1 be the inclusion map such that

21 2+1 ,

Where induces a linear transformation (Jacobian map)

21 2+1 .

21 is a tangent space to 21 at point and 2+1 is a tangent space to 2+1 at point such that

in 21 at in 2+1 at

Let be the induced metric tensor in 21 . Then we have

(, ) = (( ( , ))

(5.1)

We now suppose that a generalised semi-symmetric metric F-connection in a generalised Sasakian manifold is

given by

2 = 2 1 () 2 () + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 () + 2 ()} ,

(5.2)

(5.3) (a)

(b)

1 = 1 + 1 + 1

and

2 = 2 + 2 + 2

Where 1 and 2 are vector fields in 21 and and are unit normal vectors to 21 .

Denoting by the connection induced on the submanifold from , we have Gauss equation

(5.4)

= ( ) + (, ) + (, )

(5.5)

= ( ) + (, ) + (, ) ,

Where is the connection induced on the submanifold from and and are symmetric bilinear functions in

21

Inconsequence of (5.2), we have

(5.6)

2 = 2 1 () 2 ( ) + (, )1 + ( , )2 2{1 () +

2 ()}

(5.7)

2 () + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 () + 2 ()}

(5.8)

2 ( ) + ( , )( 1 + 1 + 1 ) + (, )( 2 + 2 + 2 ) 2{1 ( ) +

2 ( )}

1 ) 1 ( )

(,

Where

2 ) 2 ( )

and (,

This gives

(5.9)

= 2 1 ( ) 2 ( ) + (, )1 + (, )2 2{1 ( ) + 2 ( )}

2

Iff

(5.10) (a)

2(, ) = 2(, ) + 1 ( , ) + 2 ( , )

(b)

2(, ) = 2(, ) + 1 ( , ) + 2 ( , )

Thus we have

Theorem 5.1 The connection induced on a submanifold of a generalised Sasakian manifold with a generalised

semi-symmetric metric F-connection with respect to unit normal vectors and is also semi-symmetric metric Fconnection iff (5.10) holds.

References

[1] Golab, S. (1975) On semi-symmetric and quarter-symmetric linear connections, Tensor, N.S., 29, pp. 249254.

[2] Mishra, R. S. and Pandey,S. N.(1980) On quarter-symmetric metric F-connection, Tensor, N.S., 34, pp. 17.

[3] Mondal, A. K. and De, U. C. (2009) Some properties of a Quarter-symmetric metric connection on a Sasakian

Manifold Bulletin of Mathematical analysis and applications, 1, pp. 99-108.

[4] Pandey, L. K., (2015) On a generalised almost contact metric structure I, International journal of

Computational Intelligence and information sec. Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 13-17.

[5] Singh, R. N. and Pandey S. K. (2014), On a quarter-symmetric metric connection in an LP-Sasakian

Manifold, Thai J of Mathematics 12, pp. 357-371.

[6] Yano, K. and Imai, T. (1982) Quarter-symmetric metric connections and their curvature tensors, Tensor,

N. S., 38, pp. 13-18.

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