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Ex.

No:

STRESS ANALYSIS OF

Date :

PRESSURE VESSEL

AIM:
To determine the maximum deformation and Von Mises stress that occurs in a
pressure vessel with a thickness of 25 mm.
SOFTWARES USED:

ANSYS 13.0
M S Paint

ELEMENT TYPE:

Shell 181

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus
Poissons ratio

= 2e5 N/mm2
= 0.3

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> select Element type followed by ADD. Now select Shell and 3D 4

node 181 element.


In pre-processor >Select Material properties followed by Material model. Now select
the following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values

of Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor > Section >shell>layup-ADD. Enter the thickness as ....25.......mm.
In pre-processor >Modeling >create keypoints. Join lines and arc using the create

option.
In pre-processor>numbering control, merge the keypoints.
Now select pre-processor >OPERATE in Modeling followed by EXTRUDE option in
the sequence of-lines-About axis. Finally the model of the pressure vessel is ready for
meshing.

In pre-processor>meshing, select the mesh tool followed by set line and enters the

element edge length as........... and click OK.


In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On lines. Select the four line segments of the circle in the bottom of the

vessel. Select all DOF and click OK.


In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralPressure-On Area. Select all the inner surface area of the pressure vessel. Select Y-

direction and enter the value as...........2 N/mm2........... and click OK.
In solution>solve >current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot> Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box Nodal solution-DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with

undeformed shape. Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot> Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box Nodal solution-Stress-Von Mises. Select display with undeformed shape. Thus

the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate-Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.
RESULT:
Thus the structural static analysis of the given pressure vessel is done and the results
are obtained as follows(i)

Maximum deformation =....................................................................

(ii)

Maximum Stress

=.....................................................................

(iii)

Minimum Stress

=.....................................................................

Ex. No:

CONDUCTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

Date :

ANALYSIS OF A 2-D COMPONENT

AIM:
To find out the temperature distribution of a rectangular fin when steady state heat
conduction takes place at a certain ambient temperature using ANSYS.

SOFTWARES USED:

ANSYS 13.0
M S Paint

ELEMENT TYPE:
Solid PLANE 55

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Conductivity Kxx

80w/mc

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which Thermal is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Solid and Quad 4 node

55 element. Than Option- element type option- K3- Plate thickness.


In pre-processor> Real constant-add. Type 1 plane 55 and specify real constant set

number as 1 and Z-depth as 1.


In pre-processor> Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Thermal-Conductivity-Isotropic. Enter the values of

kxx-80w/mc.
In pre-processor> Modeling> create>Areas>Rectangle>By Dimensions (10x2m).
In pre-processor> meshing> mesh tool-area-set and then select the area. Now in the

dialogue box enter element edge length as


In mesh tool-mesh and click on the area to be meshed.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Thermal-

Temperature-On lines. Select the left side of the rectangular line apply ok. Also temp

value is 500C.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-ThermalTemperature-On lines. Select the other three side of the rectangular line apply ok.

Also temp value is 100C.


In solution>solve> current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor > read results >first set.
In general post processor> Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box DOF solution-Nodal Temperature-displacement vector sum. Select display with
undeformed shape. Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.

The general post processor>vector plot > pre-defined and click Ok.
In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate-Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The temperature distribution is shown in the figure.

Ex. No:

CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

Date :

ANALYSIS OF A 2-D COMPONENT

AIM:
To find out the temperature distribution in the rectangular fin when the heat transfer is
steady and convective.
SOFTWARES USED:

ANSYS 13.0
M S Paint

ELEMENT TYPE:
Solid PLANE 55

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Conductivity Kxx = 80w/mc


Film coefficient h = 10w/m2c

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which Thermal is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Solid and Quad 4 node

55 element. Than Option- element type option- K3- Plate thickness.


In pre-processor>Real constant-add. Type 1 plane 55 and specify real constant set

number as 1 and Z-depth as 1.


In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Thermal-Conductivity-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Kxx-80w/mc.
In pre-processor> Modeling>create>Areas>Rectangle>By Dimensions (10x2m).
In pre-processor>meshing>mesh tool-area-set and then select the area. Now in the

dialogue box enter element edge length as


In pre-processor>Meshing>mesh tool-mesh and click on the area to be meshed.

In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-ThermalTemperature-On lines. Select the left side of the rectangular line apply ok. Also temp

value is 500C.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Thermal-

Convective-On lines. Select the other three side of the rectangular line apply ok.
In the dialogue box enter the film coefficient as 10w/m 2C and bulk temperature as

80C.
In solution>solve>current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor > read results > first set.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box -DOF solution-Nodal Temperature. Select display with undeformed shape. Thus

the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


The general post processor>vector plot >pre-defined and click Ok.
In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The temperature distribution is shown in the figure.

Ex. No:
Date :

HEAT TRANSFER
ANALYSIS OF A 3-D CIRCULAR FIN

AIM:
To find out the temperature distribution of a 3D circular fin when the heat transfer is
steady and convective.
SOFTWARES USED:

ANSYS 13.0
M S Paint

ELEMENT TYPE USED:

Solid 90

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Conductivity Kxx

= 80w/cmc = 8w/mmc

Film coefficient h

= 10w/cm c = 0.1w/mm c

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which Thermal is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor>Element type followed by ADD. Now select Solid and Brick 20

node 90.
In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Thermal-Conductivity-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Kxx-80w/mc.
In pre-processor>Modeling>create>Volumes>Cylinder>By Dimensions

(20x10mm).again one time By Dimensions (-30x5mm).


In pre-processor>Modeling>Operate>Booleans>Add>Volumes-select areas ok.
In pre-processor>meshing>mesh tool-area- set and specify element edge length-enter

value as .and OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and click on the area to be meshed.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-ThermalTemperature-On areas. Select the left side of the areas apply ok. In the dialogue box
temp value is 150C.

In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Thermal-

Convective-On areas. Select the other side of the cylinder apply ok.
In the dialogue box enter the film coefficient as 0.1w/mm 2C and bulk temperature as

25C.
In solution>solve>current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor > read results > first set.
In general post processor> Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box -DOF solution-Nodal Temperature. Select display with undeformed shape. Thus

the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


The general post processor>vector plot >pre-defined and click Ok.
In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The temperature distribution is shown in figure.

Ex.No :

SPACE TRUSS ANALYSIS

Date :
AIM:
To determine the maximum deformation at each joint and reaction in space truss.
SOFTWARE USED:

ANSYS 13.0
MS PAINT
ELEMENT USED:
LINK180
MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus
Poissons ratio

= 2e5 N/mm2
= 0.3

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Link and 3D finit Stn

180 element.
In pre-processor> constant-add. Type 1 and specify real constant set number as 1 and

Cross section area as 2000mm2.


In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor> Modeling>create>keypoints>In active CS. In the dialogue box give
the dimensions.

In pre-processor>Modeling>Create>lines>lines>straight line connects all the


keypoints as per the drawing.

In pre-processor> meshing> mesh tool followed by Lines set and enters the No of

element division as........... and click OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and pick all in the dialogue box and click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On Nodes. Select the numbers in the truss 2, 3 & 4. Select all DOF and

click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Structuralforce-On Nodes. Select the number in the truss 1and Select click OK. In the direction
(Z & Y).

In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Structuralforce-On Nodes. Select the number in the truss 5 and Select click OK. In the direction

(Z & Y).
In solution>solve> current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box, DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with undeformed shape.

Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The result was obtained successfully with help of ANSYS software
Maximum Deformation

= ----------------------

Reaction at
NODE

FX

FY

FZ

2
3
4
Ex. No:

OVERHANGING TRUSS ANALYSIS

Date :
AIM:
To determine the maximum deformation and axial stress that occurs when a given
horizontal truss is loaded in y-direction.
SOFTWARE USED:
ANSYS 13.0
MS PAINT
ELEMENT USED:
LINK180
MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus

= 200Gpa= 2e11 N/m2

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Link and 3D finit Stn

180 element.
In pre-processor> Real constant-add. Type 1 and specify real constant set number as 1

and Cross section area as 4.90874e-4m2.


In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor> Modeling>create>keypoints>In active CS. In the dialogue box give
the dimensions.

In pre-processor> Modeling>Create>lines>lines>straight line connects all the


keypoints as per the drawing.

In pre-processor>meshing>mesh tool followed by Lines set and enters the No of

element division as........... and click OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and pick all in the dialogue box and click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On Nodes. Select the numbers in the truss 2 & 3. Select all DOF and

click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Structuralforce-On Nodes. Select the number in the truss 4&5 and Select click OK. In the

direction Y.
In solution>solve> current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor> Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box, DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with undeformed shape.

Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The result was obtained successfully with help of ANSYS software
Maximum Deformation

=-----------------------

Maximum Stress

=------------------------

Minimum Stress

=-----------------------

Ex. No:

COMPOSITE TRUSS ANALYSIS

Date :
AIM:
To determine the maximum deflection, axial stress and reaction force that occurs when a
given planar truss is loaded in x & y-directions.
SOFTWARE USED:
ANSYS 13.0
MS PAINT
ELEMENT USED:
LINK180
MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus E1 = 2e5 N/mm2(vertical and horizontal)


Youngs modulus E2 = 1.8e5N/mm2 (inclined)

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Link and 3D finit Stn

180 element.
In pre-processor> Real constant-add. Type 1-4 and specify real constant set number as

1-4 and Cross section areas are (16000, 8000, 1500 & 10000mm2).
In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


Again select Material properties followed by Material model. Now select new models
following sequence in order-structural-linear-isotropic. Enter the value of youngs

modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor> Modeling>create> keypoints>In active CS. In the dialogue box give
the dimensions.

In pre-processor>Modeling>Create>lines>lines>straight line connects all the


keypoints as per the drawing.

In pre-processor> meshing>mesh tool followed by Element attributes-lines-set as per

the real constant and youngs modulus and click OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and pick all in the dialogue box and click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On Nodes. Select the numbers in the truss 1 & 6. Select all DOF and

click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Structuralforce-On Nodes. Select the number in the truss 3 and Select click OK. In the

direction X.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Structuralforce-On Nodes. Select the number in the truss 4 and Select click OK. In the

direction Y.
In solution>solve> current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor> Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box, DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with undeformed shape.
Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.

In general post processor > define table > add table and notify the axial stress (Sxx)

from the element Link 180 output definition table as LS1, 2.


In general post processor> plot results >line element results, take the axial stress table

and plot.
In general postprocessor > list result > reaction solution.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The result was obtained successfully with help of ANSYS software
Maximum Deformation

=-----------------------

Maximum Axial Stress

=------------------------

Minimum Axial Stress

=-----------------------

Reaction at NODE

FX

FY

FZ

1
6

Ex. No:

FOUR BAR TRUSS UNDER THERMAL LOAD

Date :
AIM:
To determine the maximum displacement reaction forces, member forces and stress that
occurs when a temperature is applied to truss.
SOFTWARE USED:
ANSYS 13.0
MS PAINT
ELEMENT USED:

LINK180

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus = 2e5 N/mm2


Thermal expansion = 12x10-6/c

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Link and 3D finit Stn

180 element.
In pre-processor> Real constant-add. Type 1 and specify real constant set number as 1

and Cross section area as 645mm2.


In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


Then again Structural - Thermal expansion secant coefficient - isotropic
ALPX =12e-6/c.
In pre-processor>Modeling> create> keypoints>In active CS. In the dialogue box give
the dimensions.

In

pre-processor>Modeling>Create>lines>lines>straight

line

connects

all

the

keypoints as per the drawing.

In pre-processor> meshing> mesh tool followed by Lines set and enters the No of

element division as........... and click OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and pick all in the dialogue box and click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On Nodes. Select the numbers in the truss A & B. Select all DOF and

click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-Thermaltemperature-On lines (120c). Select the members AC and CD truss and Select click

OK.
In solution>solve>current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor> Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box, DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with undeformed shape.

Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.


In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
In general postprocessor > list result >reaction solution.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The result was obtained successfully with help of ANSYS software
Maximum Deformation
Reaction at NODE

=----------------------FX

FY

FZ

1
2
4

ANALYSIS OF A CLOSED CYLINDER UNDER

Ex. No:
Date

PRESSURE
AIM:
To determine the axial stress hoop stress that occurs when a given the cylinder wall and
plot it in window.
SOFTWARE USED:
ANSYS 13.0
MS PAINT
ELEMENT USED:
SOLID183
MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus
Poissons ratio

= 2e5 N/mm2
= 0.3

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and
click OK.

In pre-processor> Element type followed by ADD. Now select Solid and 8 node 183

element. Than Option- element type option- K3- Axisymmetric.


In pre-processor>Material properties followed by Material model. Now select the
following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values of

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor> Modeling>create> keypoints>In active CS. In the dialogue box give

the dimensions.
In pre-processor> Modeling>Create>lines>lines>straight line. connects all the keypoints as
per the drawing.

In pre-processor> meshing>mesh tool followed by Lines set and enters the No of

element division as........... and click OK.


In mesh tool-mesh and pick all in the dialogue box and click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-Symmetric BC. Select the two left side of the outside. Select all DOF

and click OK.


In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralPressure-On lines. Select the inner surface area of the cylinder. In the dialogue box

enter the value as...........1N/mm2........... and click OK.


In Plotctrls>Style>symmetry expansion>2D axis symmetric on the dialogue box

selects expansions.
In solution>solve>current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot>Nodal solution.In the dialogue
box, Stress-Y component of stress & Z component of stress. Thus the deformed shape

with undeformed shape is displayed.


In Plotctrls, Multi window layout-ON two (left-right).
In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>Animate>Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.

RESULT:
The result was obtained successfully with help of ANSYS software
Maximum Axial Stress

=------------------------

Minimum Hoop Stress

=-----------------------

Ex. No:

ANALYSIS OF A BELLEVILLE SPRING

Date :
AIM:
To determine the maximum radial and axial deflection that occurs in a Belleville
spring with a thickness of 2.5 mm.
SOFTWARES USED:

ANSYS 13.0
M S Paint.

ELEMENT TYPE:

Shell 208

MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

Youngs modulus
Poissons ratio

= 2.07e5 N/mm2
= 0.3

PROCEDURE:

Open a new ANSYS file by using ANSYS Product Launcher. Select the directory file

and file name and click RUN.


In ANSYS main menu, select preferences, in which structural is to be selected and

click OK.
In pre-processor> select Element type followed by ADD. Now select Shell and

Axisym 2node 208 element.


In pre-processor >Select Material properties followed by Material model. Now select
the following sequence in order- Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic. Enter the values

of Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio.


In pre-processor > Section >shell>layup-ADD. Enter the thickness as ....2.5mm.

In pre-processor >Modeling >create keypoints.


In pre-processor >Modeling >create lines>line>straightline
In pre-processor>meshing, select the mesh tool followed by set line and enters the

element edge length as........... and click OK.


In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralDisplacement-On nodes. Select the node on the bottom of the line. Select UY and

click OK.
In Solution, apply loads in the following sequence- Define loads-Apply-StructuralForce/Moment-On nodes. Select node on the top of the line. Select Y-direction and

enter the value as...........-31400 N (500 Nmm)........... and click OK.


In solution>Analysis type>soln controls. In the dialogue box analysis option-select

large displacement static.


In solution>Analysis type>soln controls. In the dialogue box time controls-time at

the end of the loadstep give value as......3...... click OK.


In solution>solve >current LS and click OK. Now problem is solved.
In general post processor>Plot results>Contour plot> Nodal solution. In the dialogue
box Nodal solution-DOF solution-Displacement vector sum. Select display with

undeformed shape. Thus the deformed shape with undeformed shape is displayed.
In PlotCtrls>style>Size and Shape-display of the element-ON.so the thickness of the

object will come.


In PlotCtrls>style>symmetric expansion> 2D Axi-Symmetric. In the dialogue box

select expansion and click OK.


In PlotCtrls>Animate-Deformed Results.
Take the image of the result using the image capture option.
RESULT:
Thus the structural static analysis of the given Belleville spring is done and the results
are obtained as follows(i)

Maximum radial deflection

=....................................................................

(ii)

Maximum axial deflection

=.....................................................................

(iii)

Maximum deformation

=...