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PENTRU SECTIUNEA CU TEMA MEA :

http://ec.europa.eu/competition/state_aid/studies_reports/vademecum.pdf
http://www.2012sector1.ro/upload/Prezentare%20Conferinta%20de%20presa%20lansare
%202012%20Sector%201.pdf
http://www.cdcas.ro/fnrt/urbanism/activitati%20specifice/cercetari/documentari/lucrarea
%208/Proiecte%20Franta%20B.pdf
http://www.cse.uaic.ro/_fisiere/Documentare/Suporturi_curs/III_Planificare_si_amenajare.pdf
http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2014/11/consemnari-despre-vecinatate/
http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2012/11/regenerarea-posibila-alternativa-a-dezvoltarii-urbane/
http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2012/12/diplome-facultatea-de-arhitectura-upt-2012-reamenajareapietei-agroalimentare-iosefin-si-regenerarea-urbana-a-vecinatatilor-sale/
http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2015/04/reabilitarea-spatiilor-publice-din-centrul-istoric-al-timisoarei2/ accesat 30.07.2015
ACCESATE IN 21.07.2015
https://www.uar-bna.ro/2014/proiecte/f/19/ - centru aiud
http://www.primariaarad.ro/files/hotariri/h6600.pdf
http://referinte.transindex.ro/enciclopedie/monument.php?id=362 - CETATEA ARADULUI
https://posturi.wordpress.com/2011/10/09/cetatea-aradului/
https://blogaradean.wordpress.com/2013/04/01/cetatea-aradului-cea-mai-bine-conservata-cetatein-stil-vauban/

Specialiti cu experien recunoscut n domeniul urbanismului sunt invitai


s se nscrie la concursul internaional al crui obiect l constituie conceptul de
reconversie
civil
a
Cetii
Aradului.
Potrivit organizatorilor competiiei, scopul concursului Reconversie i
revitalizare Ansamblul Cetii Aradului este elaborarea unui studiu
preliminar de amenajare urbanistic i peisager pentru reconversia
Ansamblului Cetii Aradului i restructurarea celorlalte funciuni existente n
zona vizat. Soluiile i documentaiile care vor rezulta n urma concursului
vor fi instrumentele de lucru ale municipalit ii pentru abordarea procesului
de integrare a Ansamblului Cetii Aradului n circuitul civil, pentru definirea
strategiilor i programarea investiiilor.
http://urbangreentm.blogspot.ro/2011/08/concurs-de-solutii-urbanistice-pentru.html - ARAD
CONCURS DE SOLUII URBANISTICE PENTRU AMENAJAREA FALEZEI
MUREULUI PE TOAT LUNGIMEA INTRAVILANULUI MUNICIPIULUI ARAD (2011)

Proiect: ing. peis. Andrei Condoro, ing.peis. Alexandru Ciobot, arh.Paul Crba,
arh.Vladimir Obradovici
Tipul proiectului: Concurs de soluii
Faza de proiect: 1/1
Funciuni: Spaiu verde urban cu funciuni mixte
Amplasament: Configuraia actual a Malul Mureului, traseul intravilan al rului cu zonele
limitrofe care cndva formau albia major a acestuia.
Obiective: Revitalizarea, extinderea activitilor din zona malurilor, integrarea acestora n
structura urban, pentru punerea n valoare i a altor repere urbane, n vederea ntririi
caracterului de marc a oraului pe care Mureul i Malurile Mureului o au.
Organizator: Primria Municipiului Arad
Beneficiar: Municipiul Arad
Concept: Apa, un element primordial este simbolul vieii al regenerrii i al purit ii. Se
consider c pn i omul a fost plamdit din lut, adic ap i pmnt, elemente care constituie
parte din lumea nsi. n povetile vechi, apa apare ca regeneratoare, dttoare de energie, de
via, apa vie. Cu toate acestea, nu trebuie desconsiderat puterea distrugtoare a apei, crile
vorbind des despre potopul care va scufunda sub apele sale ntreaga lume i n urma cruia puini
oameni vor rmne.
Pornind de la aceste caliti ale apei s-a conturat conceptual proiectul de fa, rul Mure
devenind astfel un mijloc de comunicare, de legtur ntre comuniti, un mod de a da via sau
un mod de a tri. i dac mitologia descrie omul ca plmdit din apa i pmnt, tocmai aceasta
miniatur a universului va fi subiectul, ncercnd sa apropiem plmdirea de originea sa.

Contextul de alturare a celor dou elemente cel primordial i omul este urbea plsmuirea vie a
minilor i minii umane.
ntregul proces de regndire a malurilor Mureului pe teritoriul Aradului se va contura astfel n
jurul a cinci obiective, care vor reda rul Mure comunitii Aradului.
- ACCESIBILITATE
- IDENTITATE
- ECOLOGIC
- ZONE INEDITE
- COMUNICARE

Accesibilitate: Se spune c nc din antichitate rul Mure a constituit o important legtur


ntre comuniti, att commercial ct i strategic. Legtura pe care acesta o fcea ntre anumite
aezri riverane, era realizat, se pare, nca naintea crerii Drumului Mtsii.
La o scar mult mai mic, la cea a oraului Arad, Mureul poate crea o legatur cu mai multe
valene, devenind astfel un important mijloc de comunicare .
Pe de-o parte se va crea legtura ntre natur i ora, dndu-i astfel Mure ului statutul de culoar
verde al oraului, cu important rol ecologic. Se vor realiza astfel importante schimburi ntre ora
i natur cu rol principal ecologic.
Ne propunem s rezolvm situatia actual n care relaia ntre ora i ap e blocat de bariere
(dig, lipsa de acces la ap, terenuri tenis, construcii greit amplasate) dar i faptul c circulaiile
pietonale sunt paralele cu apa fapt care frnge relaia ap-ora, cele dou nentlnindu-se dect la
nivel vizual, adic superficial. Noi propunem o relaie de continuitate ntre ora i ap prin alei ce

continu circulaiile urbane ce debueaza n zona Mureului spre ap. Aceste circulaii depesc
toate barierele i ajung pn pe ap unde apar diferite funciuni plutitoare care atrag oameni.
Pe de alt parte, acesta poate realiza legtura ntre om ca locuitor al ora ului i natur, prin
reconversia funcional si programarea unor tipuri de activiti care s fac ca omul sa fie
permanent prezent n peisajul Mureului. Legtura ntre comunitile stituate pe cele dou maluri
se poate face att prin activitile culturale, relaxare sau sport dar i prin mijloace fizice precum
construirea de poduri pietonale bine integrate n peisaj, facilitarea unui transport urban de mic
gabarit, realizarea unei infrastructuri de circulaie (pietonal, velo, pe ap) care s conecteze
permanent locuitorii la ap. n zona centrala(zona parcurilor) se propune amenajarea de parcri
paralele cu bordura pe intreaga lungime a strzii iar n zona cuprins ntre Podul Decebal
(intrarea principala la trandul Neptun) i Podul Micalaca se propun parcri ecologice, cu
plantaii de protecie. Se mai propun zone mari de parcare prin realizarea de parcri sub
terenurile de sport din zona Podului Decebal, folosirea parcrilor din zona Slii Polivalente i a
parcrilor de la Biserica Baptist Maranata. Apropierea de apa va fi facilitat prin realizarea de
construcii plutitoare cu diferite funciuni.. Aceste functiuni propuse pe ap i amenajarea zonei
malurilor rspund nevoilor comunitilor din apropiere, n zona de locuine oamenii vor fi adui
pe ap prin oferirea de locuri de socializare i petrecere a timpului liber. n zonele mai urbane
(zona central) vor aprea funciuni care se adreseaz tuturor locuitorilor. Se propune ca zona
trandului s fie reconfigurat, se vor amplasa funciuni comerciale pe ap, pavilioane nchiriate
de administraie pentru cafenele, galerii de art, spaii de distracie. Zona trandului va fi mai
puin dens construit, iar actualul parc va fi regndit.
Totodat, Mureul poate constitui si o legatur intre ora i ora prin tratarea unitar din punct
de vedere urbanistic, architectural i peisagistic.Se pot observa pe maluri opuse diferite perioade
istorice, structuri urbane, diferite abordri arhitecturale i de peisaj, diferite tipologii de
comuniti care vor fi interconectate. Culoarul verde, la scara regional leag Aradul prin
circulaii ciclabile de aezrile apropiate dar i de alte obiective importante pentru petrecerea
timpului liber (pdurea Ceala, lacul cu nuferi la Bezdin, mnstirea Bezdin, Trei Insule, pdurea
Vladimirescu).
Identitate: Ca element de identitate apa, a fost i este prezent n peisajul Aradului, multe
activiti din trecut i din prezent fiind asociate cu rul Mure. Chiar dac n decursul timpului pe
teritoriul Aradului s-au suprapus succesiv o multitudine de etape i de etnii (turci, maghiari,
evrei, romni, igani) cu obiceiuri, cultur i moduri de via diferite, rul Mure le-a gzduit,
hranit, sprijinit dezvoltarea ca mijloc de comunicare i comer i le-a aprat dup caz fiind
permanent prezent n viaa locuitorilor. Prin urmare, o separare a Mureului de ora ul Arad ar
duce la pierderea identitii locale construit prin straturi istorice si etnice succesive.
Pornind de la faptul c n trecut Aradul era un centru cultural, de ce s nu i atribuim i acum
cultura ca alt element de identitate. Rul Mure, n acest sens poate constitui o importanta
infrastructur cultural, mai ales n zona central unde se regsete cldirea Palatului Cultural,
important pol cultural. n zona central infrastructura cultural se va extinde, prin crearea de
scene n aer liber sau mici piaete care se pot transforma n adevrai poli generatori de
evenimente (organizate dar si spontane). Acestea vor fii spaii statice de popas si
socializare, poziionate n puncte cheie ce se raporteaz prin tematica la funciunile nvecinate:

1. Piaeta Alfa va avea un caracter social constituind un important loc de ntlnire al


comunitii zonei dens locuite.
2. Piaeta Muzeului Industriei deschide muzeul spre ap, poate gzdui expoziii n aer
liber permanente sau cu caracter provizoriu .
3. Piaeta Universitii creaza o zon deschis pentru studeni unde se pot ine i cursuri in
are liber.
4. Amfiteatrul pe ap este langa Palatul Culturii, poate gzdui spectacole i concerte n aer
liber n rest fiind un amfiteatru deschis petrecerii timpului liber, transformandu-se ntr-o
important zon de socializare.
5. Piaeta pasarelei Neptun va fi o piaet n legtura cu Piaa Mic din ora aflat la
captul opus al pietonalului propus dar pregtete oarecum i intrarea n trandul Neptun.
6. Piaeta Slii Polivalente va fi si un loc de unde se vor putea urmri concursurile de
canotaj.
7. Piaeta Micalaca va avea rol de centru al zonei cu un important rol social.
Mai mult, prin reconversia zonelor industriale din cartierele Alfa i Aradul Vechi cu pstrarea
unor cldiri cu valoare arhitectural i atribuirea unor funciuni culturale se poate extinde
infrastructura cultural. Nu n cele din urm Cetatea Aradului prezent pe malul Mureului
reprezint o uria infrastructur care poate gzdui evenimente culturale de amploare, acest
obiectiv fiind bine conectat i integrat n ora n cadrul proiectului de fa.
Pe de alt parte, faptul ca pe malurile Mureului, n zona central n special se afl cldiri
valoroase din punct de vedere arhitectual, istoric dar i cu puternic rol social i administrativ
(Cetatea Aradului, Palatul Administrativ, Palatul Culturii, Palatul Justiiei, Liceul Ioan Slavici,
Vama Veche), demonstreaz c Mureul nu poate fi rupt din punct de vedere identitar de Arad.
Un alt element de identitate al Aradului este sportul, fiind renumite cluburile de sport pe apa,
velo i tenis. Astfel, malurile Mureului pot gazdui importante evenimente sportive
transformndu-se ntr-o ampl infrastructura sportiv fr a modifica ns structura de ansamblu
i accesibilitatea malurilor.
Ecologic: Mureul este un important coridor verde, malurile sale constituind un important
habitat pentru flor i faun. Malurile cu vegetaie spontan specific zonelor umede constituie
un culoar de circulaie pentru pasri i mamifere iar apele Mureului sunt cas
pentru importante specii de peti i nu numai.
De asemenea, Mureul ca un coridor verde va avea un rol n primenirea aerului n ora , curen ii
de aer aducnd aer curat i trimind afara aer ncrcat cu noxe. Este de dorit ca acesat bretea
verde sa fie extins prin green fingers care s ptrund in interiorul ora ului. Contextul ideal al
Aradului este dat de faptul c la intrarea respectiv ieirea Mureuilui din Arad se afl padurile
Vladimirescu respective Ceala advrate resurse faunistice i de flor. Punctual, malurile cu
vegetaie abundenta pot fi considerate adevrate filtre pentru poluarea oraului dar i o oaz de
linite n Arad.
Cu toat aceast zestre, este de dorit ca intervenia s minimizeze impactul negativ pe care ora ul
l are asupra acestui culoar verde, s refac coridorul verde acolo unde intervenia omului l-a
ntreupt prin construirea de adevrate bariere (poduri, autostrada, functiuni ample construite
etc.), s propun o nou abordare pentru malurile Mureului mai bine integrat n peisaj si mai
aproape de natur. Prin urmare materialele folosite vor fi preponderent naturale (lemn, piatr,
nisip, zgur) iar arhitectura propus va fi neinvaziv, preponderent reversibil cu materiale care

se pot refolosi. Un alt obiectiv al proiectului va fi acela de a lrgi patrimoniul verde prin
efectuarea de plantaii noi respectnd n schimb caracterul local al speciilor de vegeta ie,
urmrind compoziii de vegetaie prezente de-a lungul malurilor, n padurile din vecintate i n
zonele umede aflate n apropierea Aradului. Sub nici o form nu se vor mai introduce specii
alohtone mai ales datorit faptului c Mureul, n zona Aradului, face parte din Parcul Natural
Lunca Mureului, Sitt Natura 2000 Directivele Habitate i Psri.
Se va promova folosirea de tehnologii innovative, cu rol n protecia i mbuntirea calit ii
mediului. Pe lnga promovarea unor mijloace de circulaie clasice nepoluante (velo, pietonal) se
propune introducerea transportului urban pe ap cu brci electrice alimentate cu energie solar,
care se vor putea conecta pentru ncrcare la fiecare staie.
Constructiv, traseele plutitoare vor cuprinde i insule artificiale, plutitoare plantate cu vegetaie
specific zonelor umede de pe Mure. La suprafa, aceste insule vor reprezenta un habitat ideal
pentru psri i animale mici iar rdcinile lor vor realiza o filtrare a apei n zona de montare i
vor fi un mediu ideal pentru fauna subacvatic.
Zone inedite: Mureul, mai ales n zona Aradului reprezint o succesiune de peisaje unice care
vor trebui descoperite. Prin soluia abordat se ncearc redescoperirea unor zone inedite,
abandonate sau cu o accesibilitate greoaie.
O zon important este Cetatea Veche a Aradului, o resurs uria a Aradului, izolat de ora pe
de o parte datorit funciunii militare pe care o are, pe de alt parte datorit conectivit ii proaste
cu oraul. Peisajul prezent n zona Cetii este unic, zidurile fiind adevarate oaze verzi ale
oraului care se continu cu o fnea de lunc pn n malul apei unde apare vegeta ie specific
mlatinii. Datorit valorii mari a acestui ansamblu architectural plasat n contextul inedit natural,
propunerile vor fi neinvazive. Urmnd organizarea veche a cetii se dorete instalarea unui ecovillage cu o densitate redus, care sa nu influeneze peisajul n ansamblu. Legtura oraului cu
aceast zon se va face prin construirea a trei poduri pietonale tratate unitar, racordate la un
sistem de circulaii fluid, realizat din materiale naturale. Constructiv podurile vor fi prevzute cu
turnuri de observaie care vor deschide belvedere nspre ora i cetate . Turnurile vor avea i un
rol informativ i caracter educativ funcionnd ca mici galerii expoziionale.
Plajele i insulele Mureului rezultate n procesul de modificare a albiei sunt peisaje n continu
modificare, peisaje unice care vor surprinde permanent. n zonele acestea, se propun accese
subtile care vor ramne i dupa modificarea peisajului. Cu toate acestea, se dore te ca n aceste
zone interveniile construite s fie minime datorit caracterului natural i efemer al peisajului.
Zona industrial, cartierele Alfa- Centrul Vechi va pstra pri din arhitectura specific, restul
suprafeelor vor fi igenizate i se vor transforma n spaii verzi. ntreaga suprafa din zona
industrial, va fi parcelat n funcie de cile de acces importante i va fi dezvoltat programatic,
prin transformarea zonelor verzi n zone construite, pstrnd caracterul verde al zonei (un
procent mare de spaiu verde) i va putea avea funciuni de nvmnt, cultur, comer i
servicii. O parte din parcelele plantate nu ii vor modifica funciunea de spa iu verde. Odat cu
ncheierea unui ciclu funcional pe o parcel dat, aceasta va fi igenizat i replantat.

n zonele cu vegetaie deas de lunc vor fi decupate penetraii care vor asigura accesul la ap
prin funciuni pe platforme plutitoare. Acestea vor fi surprinztoare schimbnd percep ia asupra
peisajului.
Comunicare: Toate zonele, accesele tipurile de circulaii vor fi bine marcate i vor explica
direcia i zonele care pot fi accesate din punctual respective fiind uor de citit din orice parte a
oraului. Fiecare staie pentru mijloacele de transport n comun din apropierea malurilor va avea
prevazut o zon info despre proximitatea malurilor, timpul de acces ct i o hart.

http://www.arhiforum.ro/proiecte/amenajarea-falezei-muresului-pe-toata-lungimeaintravilanului-municipiului-arad

Amenajarea Falezei Mureului pe Toat


Lungimea Intravilanului Municipiului Arad

Tipul proiectului:

concurs

Autor:

ARS LONGA

Localitate:

Arad

Echipa de proiectare:

Diana TALO, Flaminiu TALO, Sztahura Mark, Adelina Bolo,


Ioana Curelariu

Anul proiectrii:

2011

Suprafaa desfurat:
76 ha
Am schimbat culoarul Mureului ntr-o coloana vertebral a oraului, care articuleaz cele dou
entiti urbane riverane, separate pn acum de no man's land-ul dintre diguri i "reprogrameaz"
existentul, n criz identitar.

Proiectul reia un trecut nautic: navigaia pe Mure, propus i de P.A.T.N. Aradul poate deveni
un ora-port pe o rut incepnd de la Alba Iulia pn la Szeged i mai departe cu un transport
nautic uor, ecologic, ieftin i extraordinar. Astfel, oraul marginal devine un centru comercial
pe
Valea
Mureului.
Transversal, malurile au fost legate prin vecini aflate n complementaritate sau chiar
competitivitate. Acestea se leag ntr-un continuu formal, au puncte de ntlnire peste ru sau
comunic puternic ca forme vizuale.
Continuitatea cilor de circulaie n lungul Mureului (parcurse multimodal), asigur legtura
longitudinal. Ele leag comunitile existente de ru, peste diguri, prin piee, scuaruri, estacade
i debarcadere. O parte important din traficul public se mut pe ru prin realizarea unei reele de
ferry. Traseele cu potenial turistic dintre Centrul oraului, Rezervaia natural din Lunca
Mureului i restul Vii Muresului se fac pe ru. Din ora de tranzit, Aradul devine o destina ie,
loc de divertisment nautic n contextul cultural regional.
Aradul ii poate revendica importana european pe piaa transportului urban gzduind
conferine i expoziii pe aceast tem. Tradiia existent se poate mbogii cu cea noua, nautic.

http://www.planum.net/cultural-heritage-s-hertogenbosh-the-netherlands
ACCESATE IN 19.07.2015
Cultural Heritage: 's-Hertogenbosh (The Netherlands)
Development Plan for the Fortifications
Hans Meester
Year
of
realisation:
1999
Architectural
design:
Van
Roosmalen
Van
Gessel
architects,
Delft.
Urban design and design of public space: Buro Lubbers, Landscape-architecture and urban
design,
's-Hertogenbosch
Project
leader:
's-Hertogenbosch
local
authority
Realisation
period:
1999-2015
First sub-project: restoration of Groote Hekel and footbridge on the outside of the wall
(start 1999); second sub-project :navigable tunnel at Kruisbroedershekel; work to start in 2001
The city of 's-Hertogenbosch is the capital city of North Brabant, one of the twelve provinces in
the Netherlands. The city has approximately 130,000 inhabitants, provides jobs for
approximately 93,000 people and a further 250,000-500,000 people who live in the surrounding
areas. It is one of the most economically vibrant cities in the Netherlands. The first period during
which the city flourished was the period from 1200-1600. During this time 's-Hertogenbosch
developed into a fortified city which retained its military importance until late in the 19th

century. It was for this reason that the city was, for a long time, restricted in size to the area
inside the fortified city. Even today, most aspects of the city's cultural and economic life take
place in the city centre, which dates back to medieval times, within the boundaries of the
fortified city which are still plain to see.
Context.
The
importance
of
the
plan
for
the
city
The area around the city's fortifications constitute a unique addition to what is already a
unique city centre, with the distinctive cathedral of St Jan, the nightlife area around the Parade
square and the Binnendieze [ river which flows partially under the city]. A still somewhat
'dormant' feature is the fortifications which are largely still intact but rather concealed. The
fortifications need to be restored to their former glory and we need to treat their medieval
character and ambience with more intensity and awareness. The fortifications constitute a special
feature of our public space in that theyare a very important link with the natural environment.
The fortifications development project is large-scale, imaginative, unique and innovative and
forms the basis for a sustainable, physical, economic and social impulse which will result in a
lively city centre forming an important link with modernisation in adjacent neighbourhoods and
districts.
The most important objective of the fortifications development plan is to reinforce the
form and meaning of the fortifications based on an integral approach and by bringing about a
process of revitalisation, modernisation and preservation. This general aim is the
interrelationship
of
the
following
project
objectives:
the
preservation
of
our
historic
inheritance
the
reinforcement
of
the
cultural-historical
value
the
improvement
of
the
quality
of
the
public
space
the
reinforcement
of
the
natural
and
ecological
values
a
maximum
correlation
(link)
with
other
relevant
urban
developments
the
reinforcement
of
the
tourist
infrastructure
space
for
innovative
architecture
business developments and employment opportunities
The ambition of the fortifications project is that it should add something to the city of the
future in all the areas referred to, with history being used not as a barrier but rather a source of
inspiration for innovative solutions, while interests which may seem to be conflicting are
reconciled .
Cultural
heritage
The fortifications development plan resulted originally from the necessity to restore the
fortification walls which were in a poor state of repair. During the course of the process it
transpired that the result would gain considerably in quality if the project were to be linked with
other policy areas. Those involved started looking for win-win situations. Doing justice to
historical values and respect for the city's legacy remained the points of departure. This forced
designers to devise a variety of innovative solutions. The way in which they succeeded in doing
so is an example for other projects. The project shows that the concepts of redevelopment and the
preservation
of
culturalhistorical
values
can
very
easily
co-exist.
This is also demonstrated by the following elements:
Integration
of
historical
elements
and
modern
functions.
Based on the idea that historical elements ought to be a source of inspiration for the

future, new functions have been integrated into the fortifications plan in relation to a number of
locations. For example, the restoration and even the reconstruction of part of the fortification
wall with corresponding bastions have been integrated with a car park, with the walls once again
being positioned in the water and with the fortified moat being partly restored. The
reconstruction of the ground level, which was lower in medieval times, means that pedestrians
leaving the car park cross the path of traffic at a different level. A further example is a new tunnel
under the ramparts which is intended to link the river (the Binnendieze), which for the most part
flows under the city centre, with the fortified moat. This has made it possible for tourists to be
taken on excursions along the fortified moat. This tunnel also means that the underground
excavations become visible, while it is also intended to improve the drainage of the Binnendieze.
Highlighting
aspects
of
history
using
modern
resources
The aim is to find architectural and urban development resources which are modern and
which provide solutions to the problems of today but which also make it easier for us to
experience the city's history. Examples are the new style city gates. Whereas, in the past, the city
gates fell victim to traffic, new constructions are being erected in the form of modern gate
structures and/or abutments which function as accommodation for residences or offices. From
the point of view of urban design, a better transition is achieved between the area outside the
fortified city and the city centre which has restricted car access. It goes without saying that these
sorts of proposals demand innovative architecture.
The use of know-how of history of the building construction and archaeology in the
drawing
off
the
plan
Before the plan was drawn up, preliminary investigations were carried out into the history
of the building construction and archaeological aspects. Wherever hidden historical elements
which might affect the plan were expected, additional research was carried out with the results
being integrated into the plan. An attempt was also made to arrange the implementation with
such flexibility that plans could also be adapted to new findings made during the course of the
construction work. In that sense, the project is anticipating the challenges facing architects and
urban developers as a result of the ratification of the treaty of Valetta.
Integrated
method
of
approach;
searching
for
win-win
situations
An integrated approach to the project was opted for with as many parties being involved
as possible. This is resulting in exceptional solutions being found. For example, the new
Fortifications Information Centre will also serve as a base from which people can explore the
Bossche Broek nature reserve. On the other side of the fortified city, cooperation is taking place
with the Kruithuis museum. Here an integrated plan is being developed for new building work to
the museum and the restoration of, and provision of access to, the fortification wall.
New
restoration
techniques
The restoration of fortification walls in an environment which is subject to such intensive
use requires new technical solutions, for example in cases in which walls cannot be reached from
one side due to the intensity of traffic or if restoration is required while, at the same time, rare
plants and animals have to be preserved on the walls. The same applies to trees which may be
interfering with the walls but which, at the same time, are essential environmental features.
Integration
of
city
and
nature
The adjacent nature reserve and the forelands near the fortification walls are important
ecological connecting zones. Despite the urban location, these are very valuable oases of
tranquillity for plant and animal life. For example, there are bat colonies behind and under the
walls. The plan aims to find innovative solutions to preserve and improve such situations.

Programme
There are nine sub-projects and the numbers in brackets refer to the figure Overview of
Fortified Den Bosch.
1. Bastion
Oranje
Hekelsluis
(map
numbers
10,11,14,15,18-20
restoration
of
wall,
roundel,
bastion
redevelopment
of
the
Zuidwal
and
Bastion
Oranje
- realisation of tourist information point De Kanonkelder with views over the Bossche Broek
- creation of a pick-up point at the Singelgracht.
2. Bastion
Vught
Parklaan
(map
numbers
7,8,12,13,14,
20)
restoration
of
Spinhuiswal
walls
(and
redevelopment
plan)
restoration
of
Parklaan
walls
(and
redevelopment
plan)
- creation of new passageway of Kruisbroedershekel under the fortified city and roadway
- increase in number of boat trip routes.
3. Bastion
Vught
bridge
link
with
Bossche
Broek
(map
number
4)
- pedestrian route over Bossche Broek quayside along the Singelgracht, with a bridge over the
Dommel river and Vughterstuw. Later modern gate buildings are to be built on this bastion.
4. Sint
Janssingel
Westwal
(map
numbers
70-78)
- history of building investigation and redevelopment plan for the banks of the Dommel river
near the Westwal and Sint Janssingel; restoration and modernisation of the walls with
occasional
additions
- transfer of car parking facilities in order to allow the creation of a walkway along the
perimeter
of
the
fortified
city
- redevelopment of the slopes to improve views of the fortification walls.
5. Citadel
Harbour
(map
numbers
58,64
and
67)
restoration
of
historic
swing
bridge
pedestrian
link
with
city
centre
restoration
of
Sortiebrug
to
improve
access
to
the
citadel
redesign
of
the
water
gate
to
include
a
restaurant/cafe
- the citadel's 'fifth point' is to be restored and modernised at a later date.
6. Kasterenwal
Noordwal
(map
numbers
53-57)
integration
with
De
Kruithuis
new
museum
building
- redevelopment plan for the Kasterenwal and Noordwal area. Revival of wall by means of
modern additions.
7. Hinthamerpoort
Muntelbolwerk
(map
numbers
45-52)
- the Bartenbrug, the vicinity of the water tower, the quays and the pedestrian bridge near the
Aa river are to be made more prominent. Improvement of Bastion
realisation
of
new
roundel
- the ramparts in the Muntelbolwerk public space to be made recognisable again
8. Bastion
Baselaar
Bastion
St.
Antonie
(map
numbers
35
39)
- redevelopment of whole area; the entrance to the fortified city to be made more prominent
by a 'land bridge', relocation of tennis complex.
9. Pettelaarseweg
Bastion
Baselaar
(2534)
- realisation of underground car park on the Vonk and Vlamterrein coupled with making the
fortification
walls
more
visible
historic
restoration
of
the
tower
in
front
of
the
Judasbrug

- reconstruction of medieval ground level with a pedestrian link from car park via city wall to
the city centre.

A
computer
impression of a new pedestrian link from the bastion to the Bossche Broek nature reserve

A view on the landscape near one of the


bastions

A combination project involving an underground car park, pedestrian routes, moat and
fortification wall

At the point at
which people enter the fortification wall from the car park, the medieval wall and tower are to
be made inhabitable
ACCESATE IN 14.07.2015
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/699
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications
Because of its strategic position, Luxembourg was, from the 16th century until 1867, when its
walls were dismantled, one of Europe's greatest fortified sites. It was repeatedly reinforced as
it passed from one great European power to another: the Holy Roman Emperors, the House of
Burgundy, the Habsburgs, the French and Spanish kings, and finally the Prussians. Until their
partial demolition, the fortifications were a fine example of military architecture spanning
several centuries.
English
French
Arabic
Chinese
Russian
Spanish
Japanese
Dutch

City of Luxembourg: It's old quarters and fortifications. OUR PLACE


Outstanding Universal Value
Brief synthesis
The Old City of Luxembourg is located at the confluence of the Alzette and Ptrusse Rivers, on a
very steep rocky outcrop which is somewhat of a natural fortification that only needed to be
completed on the west side. Due to its exceptional strategic position, the City of Luxembourg
was one of the largest fortresses of modern Europe which was constantly strengthened and
reinforced as it passed successively into the hands of the great European powers.
Originally, the City of Luxembourg comprised only a small fort (the castle) built shortly after the
middle of the 10th century on an almost inaccessible rock. In the 12th century, the settlement
that developed near the castle was protected by a stone fortification wall, which was extended
in the 14th and 15th centuries. In 1443, the city was taken by the troops of Burgundy. Through
inheritance it passed to the Habsburgs and became Spanish until 1684. During this period, the
site was transformed into a veritable fortress. After the conquest by King Louis XIV, Vauban
extended and reinforced the fortifications. In the 18th century, the Austrians continued his
work and created the "Gibraltar of the North". After the Congress of Vienna, the Prussians
created new military structures until the dismantling was decided in 1867. Following the
Treaty of London in 1867, the majority of the fortifications were demolished but many
vestiges representative of all these eras remain, of which a number of gates, forts, bastions,
redoubts and casemates.
The city also retains the layout of its streets and many public buildings, important testimony of
its origins and its development since the 10th century. Inside and at the foot of the ramparts,

quarters where people lived and engaged in trades or crafts developed. They also kept places
of worship, such as the Church of St. Michel, now a veritable museum of sacred art, or the
Church of St. Nicolas, subsequently transferred to the sanctuary of the Jesuits, the present
cathedral. The ancient Abbey of Neumnster is a landmark in the borough of Grund. In the
Upper Town, in the shadow of the walls, aristocratic families and the major religious
communities built their mansions called "shelters" to be close to the administrations and
official institutions. The old quarters still bear the imprint of their former inhabitants and their
activities.
Despite the dismantling of the fortress, the fortifications and the old quarters, today the city is a
historical ensemble of prime importance. It is an outstanding example of a fortified European
city and host to an exceptional variety of military vestiges illustrating a long period of Western
history.
Criterion (iv): The City of Luxembourg played a significant role in European history for several
centuries. It preserves major remains of its impressive fortifications and its old quarters, in an
exceptional natural setting.
Integrity
Despite the many assaults from the 15th to the 18th century and the systematic dismantling in the
late 19th century, the old quarters and fortifications of the City of Luxembourg enable a
complete representation of its historical significance as a fortress and historic city. Bastions
and other fortifications still characterize the site of the city, even if they have lost all military
significance. Inside the ramparts, the narrow streets recall the minimal housing conditions of
the medieval urban fabric.
Authenticity
The authenticity of the old quarters and of the fortifications remains high. The massive defensive
structures, by their very nature, have defied any significant changes in their shape or their
materials, apart from the disappearance of certain defensive elements destroyed during the
years following 1867. The largest part of the plan of the city has survived, which shows how
the civil constructions were forced to comply with a plan imposed by the requirements of
defence and war.
From the 19th century, several bastions were integrated as picturesque elements in urban
projects. The dismantling of large sections of its defensive walls allowed the city to develop;
the old quarters have thus been preserved, although many buildings had to be reassigned.
Some houses have become administrative buildings or museums, but their appearance has not
changed. Several elements of the fortifications buried in the 19th century have been cleared
and restored.
Protection and management requirements
The protection of properties belonging either to the State or to the City of Luxembourg or
individuals is governed primarily by the Law of 18 July 1983 relating to the conservation and
protection of national sites and monuments. This law imposes significant restrictions on
owners and occupiers of protected sites and buildings. The implementation of this legislation
is the responsibility of the Ministry of Culture, Department of National Sites and Monuments.
The vestiges of ancient fortifications are the property of the State, who ensures their ongoing
maintenance. The old quarters are considered by the City of Luxembourg as protected areas.
In addition, many buildings are classified as national monuments or listed in the
supplementary inventory of historic monuments. All operations are closely monitored both by
the Department of National Monuments and Sites (Ministry of Culture) and by the City, to

assess the physical impact on the built environment and maintain the visual coherence of the
townscape. In cases where the work involves digging in the soil, archaeological observations,
or, in certain cases, excavations are obligatory.
The National Museum of History and Art and the City History Museum raise public awareness
of the cultural and historical wealth of the property. In the same vein, the Ministry of Culture
developed the Three Acorns Museum dedicated to the fortress and its influence on the life of
the City and its inhabitants.
Long Description
Because of its strategic position, Luxembourg was, from the 16th century until 1867 when its
walls were dismantled, one of Europe's greatest fortified sites. It was repeatedly reinforced as
it passed from one great European power to another: the Holy Roman Emperors, House of
Burgundy, Habsburgs, French and Spanish kings, and finally the Prussians. Until their partial
demolition, the fortifications were a fine example of military architecture spanning several
centuries.
The City of Luxembourg is located at the crossing point of two major Roman roads. In 963
Sigefroid, a count from the Moselle valley, built a castle on the Rocher du Bock, which he
obtained by means of an exchange with the Abbey of St Maximin of Trier. His servants and
soldiers settled around the castle and the modern town sprang from the market-place of this
settlement, the Vieux March.
The town had grown to such an extent that a second defensive wall was built around the end of
the 12th century, to be superseded in the 15th century when a third line of defences was built.
By the 16th century, Luxembourg had become a strategic and military prize. The House of
Burgundy, the Habsburgs, the French and Spanish kings or the Holy Roman Emperors all
wanted Luxembourg. Throughout this period the defences were continuously extended and
improved, making it into a fortress that earned the title 'Gibraltar of the North'. With the
signature of the Treaty of London in 1867, the European powers confirmed the perpetual
neutrality of the Grand Duchy and, in consequence, the evacuation of the fortress within three
months and the demolition of the fortifications. This turned a grim fortress of some 180 ha
into an open city.
The old quarter of the City of Luxembourg extends westwards from the Bock promontory, where
the first ducal family established itself. The Rocher du Bock is a honeycomb of 17th- and
18th-century casemates, the largest surviving ensemble of underground fortifications. Also of
importance is the bridge joining the Bock to the upper town, the Church of Saint-Michel,
originating from the 10th century. The latter-day March-aux-Poissons was the main market in
the Middle Ages and the first open space in the town. The present Grand Ducal Palace stands
on the site of the first maison communale built in 1244 and of the Htel de Ville. The Rue
Wiltheim, which leads down to Pfaffenthal, follows the route of the Roman road to Trier.
The governmental quarter and Notre-Dame Cathedral: the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de
Luxembourg is the former church of the Jesuit College upon which work began in 1613; it
was consecrated in 1621. It is an outstanding example of Netherlands late Gothic architecture,
with a Renaissance portal and rood-screen. Alongside the cathedral is the Prsidence du
Gouvernement, known today as the Maison de Bourgogne. It belonged until 1676 to the
Berbourg family, traditional cup-bearers to the ducal house. Its brick staircase towers illustrate
the transition from the Gothic to the Renaissance style. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the
Rue Notre-Dame was built in 1751 in characteristic Louis XV style.

The lower town of Grund and the Plateau du Rham: archaeological excavations have shown that
the Grund and Rham areas were settled for some six centuries before Count Sigefroid took
possession of the Bock promontory in 963. The Wenceslas Wall formed part of the third
defensive circuit built in the late 14th century. It underwent a number of modifications and
strengthenings as artillery improved.
The Grund sluice was built by the Austrians in 1731; it consists of a massive masonry dam with
vaulted openings that could be closed to prevent water passing through them. Much of the
lock was dismantled in 1878, but its remains are still impressive, and also provide a
magnificent panorama of the city. The Hospital Saint-Jean was founded in 1308; in 1543 a
Benedictine community was established there, to become known as the Neuminster.
Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description
The City of Luxembourg is located at the crossing point of two major Roman roads. In 963
Sigefroid, a count from the Moselle valley, built a castle on the Rocher du Bock, which he
obtained by means of an exchange with the Abbey of St Maxirnin of Trier. His servants and
soldiers settled around the castle and the modern town sprang from the market-place of this
settlement, the Vieux Marche. Settlers were recorded as early as 926 in the Alzette valley, near
the castle, and their houses formed the nuclei of the later lower towns of Grund and
Pfaffenthal.
The town had grown to such an extent that a second defensive waU was built aronnd the end of
the 12th century, but this, too, was superseded in the 15th century when a third line of
defences was built, enclosing the lower town of Grund as well.
By the 16th century, Luxembourg with its fortifications had become a strategic and military
prize. The House of Burgundy, the Habsburgs, the French and Spanish kings, or the Holy
Roman Emperors - all wanted Luxembourg. It was this reason that the city remained within
the confines of its fortifications until 1867. Life there was harsh and the inhabitants resented
having soldiers billeted upon them.
Throughout this period the defences of Luxembourg were continually extended and improved,
making it into a fortress that earned the title of the "Gibraltar of the North". This was a
dubious distinction, since it brought the city into most of Europe's wars from the 16th to the
18th centuries. Four main stages can be identified:
1. 17th century (especially 1671-84): enlargement of the defences by the Spanish, who built
several new redoubts (Peter, Marie, Berlaimont), and construction of the first barracks inside
the city.
2. 1684-97: large-scale rebuilding of the fortifications under the direction of Vauban following
the successful siege of 1684 by the French. Pfaffenthal was included within the defences and
large barracks were built on the Rham and Saint-Esprit plateaux. The Saint-Esprit monastery
was transferred to Pfaffenthal.
3. 18th century: continued development of the fortress by the Austrians (from 1715). The
engineer de Beam% prepared an ambitious plan designed to make Luxembourg a key element
in the defence of the Austrian Netherlands. This work, which lasted over forty years, involved
the construction of new forts around the city (eg those of Thtigen and Olisy) and systems of
casematesli nked by underground tunnels.
4. 19th century: the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg joined the German Confederation after the
Congress of Vienna and the federal fortress of Luxembourg was garrisoned by the Prussian
Army from 1815 to 1867. The Prussians carried out major renovation work from 1826

onwards (eg at Fort Thtingen, where the surviving remains, known as Les Trois Glands, date
from this period) and also added new elements, such as Fort Wedell, built to protect the
railway station, which was built at around this time.
With the signature of the Treaty of London in 1867 the European powers confirmed the perpetual
neutrality of the Grand Duchy and, in consequence, the evacuation of the fortress within three
months and the demolition of the fortifications. This brought to an end a long evolution over
nine centuries and turned a grim fortress of some 180 ha into an open city. Dismantlement of
more than 24 km of underground defences and some 40,000 m2 of casemates, batteries,
barracks, and the like lasted sixteen years and cost over 1.5 million gold francs. Some
elements survive, such as twelve of the 28 gates and a number of redoubts and forts.
ACCESATE IN 18.07.2015

Urban Design and Landscape Plan for the Old Railway and Fortress
Walls
http://architizer.com/projects/urban-design-and-landscape-plan-for-the-old-railway-andfortress-walls/
The Old Railway Station and its adjacent urban spaces are part of an urban system that includes
the entire perimeter of the fortress walls and the village of Mono (Portugalia). The project
sets up a strategy for key interventions that will have a wider urban impact as a whole while
dealing
as
well
with
the
many
layers
of
the
site
history.
The railways and the railway station opened up a crack in the continuity of the old city walls.
The railways also propelled un unregulated urban sprawl close to the old city walls that also
are a major contribution for a certain loss of identity of the village historical urban fabric.
The project proposes that a new and different kind of open public space can be developed
where the railways introduced a crack in the old city walls. A new entrance to the village is
defined and a series of new public spaces are proposed with pedestrian paths, gardens, small
squares and arenas in order to give more coherence and a sense of continuity to the perimeter
of the village. Commercial and leisure areas are located like magnetic social points that will
generate urban flows. On the western area a more severe intervention is proposed with the
creation of an underground parking, new commercial blocks and a long plain platform that
will act as a performing place for the arts, open air cinema, musical concerts, theatre, fairs and
traditional festivals. The project also accommodates a local folk culture festivity that
culminates in an open air amphitheatre. All these elements are interconnected through a series
of paths with large blocks of a local granite in an unifying geometry that binds all these spaces
together.

http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2013/03/timisoara-fotoreportaj/
http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2013/03/700-poarta-catre-centru/ - Timisoara - centru istoric -

1/2013

al revistei Arhitectura Numr special Timioara

POARTA CTRE CENTRU


Posted by Vlad Gaivoronschi, Ioan Andreescu on duminic, martie 10, 2013 1 Comment

Proiect City Business Centre (2006 prezent): arh. Vlad Gaivoronschi, arh. Dan Munteanu, colab. Andreea Katalin Szabo,
Dan Damian

Cea mai complex problem n planificarea urban a Timioarei, de-a lungul ultimelor dou secole, s-a dovedit
a fi legtura dificil a centrului istoric cu zonele nconjurtoare. n ultimul secol, au fost propuse mai multe
soluii conducnd ctre principiul Poarta ctre Centrul Istoric.
Deschiderea porii ctre sud-vest la nceputul secolului al XX-lea a nsemnat generarea unuia dintre spaiile
publice cele mai emblematice pentru Timioara esplanada Oper-Catedral; relaia ctre est, spre cartierul
Fabric, a fost, de asemenea, concretizat n aceeai perioad, Bulevardul Revoluiei creionnd cu fermitate
aceast ax, ce trece peste Podul Decebal, strjuit de una dintre cele mai importante edificii ale lui Laszlo
Szekely Bile Neptun. Att relaia pe direcia nordic, de altfel, plin de potenial n urma trecerii unor mari
suprafee de teren din administrarea armatei n cea a Universitii de Vest, ct i cea ctre vest sunt n curs de
concretizare. La nord, edificarea Iulius Mall a nsemnat un reper major, posibil a grbi conturarea acestei axe
de dezvoltare, la vest, edificarea n curs a City Business Centre n Piaa 700 a dat semnalul pentru regenerarea
zonei.

Locul pe care s-a conturat Piaa 700 i, n ultimii ani, ansamblul de birouri CBC este unul de margine al vechii
ceti fortificate, juxtapus peste vechile metereze construite de Maria Theresia dup alungarea turcilor n 1716.
Nu ntmpltor, dup demolarea aproape n totalitate a acestora i apariia cii ferate, zona a avut un caracter
vag, nedefinit, de margine de ora. A trecut treptat dintr-o administrare militar n una civil, rmnnd civa
martori importani n apropiere, precum marele Spital Militar, Biserica Militar, Biserica Mizericordienilor,
cele cteva bastioane de cetate. Prezena armatei s-a revigorat n zon odat cu ocuparea oraului de ctre
sovietici. Dup plecarea acestora, zona a cunoscut o dezvoltare a unor industrii. Nu ntmpltor au aprut aici
industria textil a fabricii Modatim i Centrul de Calcul n anii 60-70, alturi de Liceul de Construcii. Dup
90 au continuat noile construcii (sediile Aquatim, Alcatel, Direc ia de Finane) s se aglutineze, urmrind mai
degrab strategii cadastrale, i nu urbanistice, n pofida unor eforturi precum concursul organizat de primrie
i Uniunea Arhitecilor n 1993.
n acest context, potenialul regenerativ al ntregii zone demarat de ctre City Business Centre prin nlocuirea
fabricii textile cu un esut urban public este un mare ctig pentru ora. Acesta s-a concretizat i ntr-un
concept de strategie de dezvoltare urban pe termen mai lung denumit Poarta ctre Centru, integrnd fluxul
de comunicare/ conectare pe axa est-vest a vechii Ceti cu vestul Timioarei. Dac lum n considerare c la
polul opus, ctre est, s-a revigorat prin restaurare i refunc ionalizare Ansamblul Bastionului Theresia, cu att
mai important devine tema invers, a porii ctre vest, n care viitoarea transformare/ restaurare a Spitalului
Militar ntr-o instituie administrativ/ public/ cultural devine un pas crucial.
Vocaia CBC, pe lng pol de business, de a fi un orel viu, chiar de promovare a artei, este esen ial. n acest
context, spaiile de tip galerie i plaza pietonal nscute aici vor avea o menire deosebit n acest sens.

REABILITAREA SPAIILOR PUBLICE DIN CENTRUL ISTORIC AL TIMIOAREI

http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2013/03/reabilitarea-spatiilor-publice-din-centrul-istoric-al-timisoarei/

Posted by arhitectura on mari, martie 12, 2013 Leave a Comment

PRODIT srl
erban Sturdza
Mihai ulea
Zsofia Gagyi
BIA RADU MIHILESCU
Radu Mihilescu
Laureniu Blu
STUDIO ARCA srl
Luminia Pascu
Mihaela Rusuleu
Investiia dezvoltat de Primria Timioara cu finan are comunitar urmrete reabilitarea unei zone publice
din Cartierul Cetate format din Piaa Unirii, Pia a Libert ii, Pia a Sfntul Gheorghe, Pia a arcului i 10
strzi. Interveniile propuse vizeaz refacerea pavajelor, nlocuirea mobilierului urban i a iluminatului public,
extinderea spaiului verde i reabilitarea infrastructurii tehnico-edilitare.

Prin acest proiect se continu o politic a extinderii spaiului public i a consolidrii lui de la sud la nord, prin
unirea pieelor istorice i a unui sistem de strzi de legtur. Procesul este unul istoric, dezvoltat oarecum
constant i ntrit de regulamentul de urbanism pentru zona Cetate, care funcioneaz i acum.
n acelai timp trebuie acceptat un fapt caracteristic al oraului legat de evoluia sa n timp: att cartierele
istorice (Iosefin, Traian), ct i zonele care s-au dezvoltat de curnd (cartierul studenesc sau zona mall) i-au
format propriile spaii publice cu caracteristici specifice, identiti proprii i legturi funcionale bine definite
cu vecintile. n cadrul acestei reele complexe de spaii publice, cele din cartierul Cetate au un caracter de
reprezentare major i, din acest punct de vedere, reprezint cel mai bine Timioara istoric i poziia sa n
cadrul oraelor europene.
Soluia arhitectural i urbanistic propus are la baz principii directoare menite a asigura caracterul de
autenticitate i identitate proprie spa iilor urbane supuse procesului de reabilitare:
Soluia arhitectural se integreaz n perioada edificrii sitului
Spaiul public al Cetii are un caracter unitar i clar structurat n sensul su de folosin de-a lungul a 300 de
ani. Modelul urbanistic folosit a fost fabricat pe planet i a generat un sistem de spaii publice strzi i
piee cu destinaii bine definite, logic legate de sistemul parcelar i net separat de vecinti printr-un sistem
defensiv puternic i foarte sofisticat. Aceast caracteristic a spaiului public l individualizeaz net de celelalte
spaii publice din Timioara i reprezint o caracteristic pe care proiectul de reabilitare propus o respect i o
ntrete.
Spaiul public astfel perceput se leag funcional de parcelarul Cet ii prin intermediul gangurilor, porticelor i
a curilor interioare. Legturile dintre spaiul public i cel semipublic mbogesc funcional i expresiv traseele
cunoscute i reprezint un atu identitar pentru ntregul ansamblu. Reabilitarea va fi subordonat i va sublinia
relaiile ntre spaiul public i cel semipublic.
Reabilitarea spaiului public va ine cont de identitatea sa dobndit n timp, de care locuitorii oraului sunt
ataai i pe care i-o asum. Memoria spaiului public va fi unul dintre atributele care vor trebui respectate i
ntreinute.
Pieele au destinaii i funcii de reprezentare difereniate, pstrnd nc pregnant autoritatea i prezena
instituiilor istorice n legtur cu care au fost construite. Acolo unde aceste relaii nu mai sunt eviden iate
reabilitarea urban va genera soluii i detalii noi, pentru ntrirea identitii locului. Din punct de vedere
stilistic, soluiile propuse sunt conforme cu caracteristicile cldirilor adiacente. n desenul propus pentru
paviment se acord o atenie special relaiei cu fronturile cldirilor, n func ie de importana lor n esutul
urban, att ca obiect de arhitectur, ct i ca funciune reprezentativ.
Relaii de vecintate
1. Relaia dintre centrul istoric i restul oraului

Dup defortificarea cartierului Cetate, relaiile ntre esutul lui urban i vecinti au fost intensificate i,
progresiv, spaiul liber lsat pentru manevra militar a fost construit din ce n ce mai dens pn la limitele
cetii, definite astzi de primul inel de circulaie. n prezent, n imediata vecintate, n afara acestui inel se
dezvolt operaii urbanistice importante, care presupun refacerea unor legturi ntre cartierul Cetate i aceste
zone. Dintre aceste zone urbane n dezvoltare, care vor presupune ntrirea relaiei cu sistemul de spaii publice
ale cartierului Cetate, amintim:
n Piaa 700 se dezvolt dotri pentru birouri i anexele lor, care vor aduce un aport important de persoane.
Parcul Botanic va avea, n timp, un program de reabilitare care s l poat conecta mai uor cu vecintile, n
special cu Piaa Mrti i cartierul Cetate.
Campusul universitar, care se prefigureaz la nordul Cetii, va trebui s includ n programul de dezvoltare un
traseu pietonal nord-sud, care s lege firesc i rapid polul urban din nord, definit de mall i dotrile adiacente,
de cartierul Cetate, din sud. Astfel, dezvoltarea traseului pietonal public prin interiorul zonei universitare va
putea crea un ax cultural n prelungirea sistemului pietonal nord-sud deja dezvoltat n Cetate. Zona universitar
i acest traseu care o strbate fac parte integrant din principiul director de organizare al spaiilor pietonale din
centrul Timioarei i va trebui s constituie o cerin de tem pentru Planul de dezvoltare al Universitii.
Zona Bastion, actualmente n faza de reabilitare, va mri interesul pentru o legtur adecvat cu Piaa Unirii i
sistemul de strzi pietonale.
La sud, Parcul (parcul civic) cu fosta sal de sport, ansamblu care face parte din cartierul Cetii din punct de
vedere morfologic, va trebui s aib o legtur puternic, dezvoltat de-a lungul strzii nord-sud pn n Piaa
Unirii.
Zona Corso (Piaa Victoriei) i Castelul Huniade, care nu fac parte din studiul actual, dar reprezint captul
sudic al marelui ax pietonal n dezvoltare.
Cele ase zone amintite vor accentua importana cartierului Cetate i vor genera, n acelai timp, oportuniti i
conflicte. De menionat este necesitatea ca administraia oraului s impun zone de parcare suplimentare n
fiecare dintre aceste vecinti, n aa fel nct eliminarea circulaiei auto i pietonizarea unor strzi din Cetate
s nu produc dezechilibre i disconfort pentru ceteni.
2. Relaii ntre spaiul public i spaiul verde
Din punct de vedere istoric, Cetatea a fost organizat pe principii militare. Spaiul public avea raiuni n
consecin i, ca atare, expresia lui era mineral. Spaiul verde era acceptat n curi. Pe msur ce cartierul a
fost defortificat i s-a produs un amestec de funciuni, ntre cele specifice ale Cetii i restul oraului, spaiul
public i-a mrit plaja de adresabilitate i, cu aceast ocazie, au aprut amenajrile peisagistice. Acestea au fost
convenionale, cu procedee de mprumut de la tipuri de spaii urbane complet diferite de Cetate. Din acest
motiv, n cele mai multe cazuri, ele au fost inadecvat poziionate i au avut rezolvri discutabile.

O concepie de ansamblu privind spaiile verzi pune n discuie dac nu este mai corect ca ele s fie liftate de la
suprafaa solului. Operaia se face prin eliminarea peluzelor i nlocuirea lor cu plantarea unor copaci adecvai.
Normele de mediu n vigoare pot fi respectate cu condiia acceptrii acestei soluii care poate fi n alte cazuri
discutabil. n acest mod am putea avea un tip de tratare cu peluz n Piaa Unirii, lsnd fronturile vizibile din
orice punct i un tip de tratare cu copaci n celelalte piee istorice. De-a lungul strzilor, actualmente fr
copaci, aceast caracteristic ar trebui s se menin.
Exist totui o concesie care ar putea fi fcut spaiului verde, dup modelul ntlnit n zona istoric a
Bruxelles-ului: cuiburi minuscule de pmnt vegetal protejat cu feronerie i adosat faadelor n zona burlanelor,
din care se ridic vrejuri de plante agtoare cu caracter decorativ, pn spre etajele superioare. Este o
chestiune de ambient, care va personaliza numai n anumite cazuri spaiul urban.
3. Relaia populaie riveran i vizitatori
Reabilitarea spaiului public va recurge la soluii echilibrate pentru a nu descuraja confortul riveranilor n
dauna fluxurilor din ce n ce mai mari de turiti. O condiie esenial pentru reuita proiectului va fi pstrarea
locuinelor i a locuirii n cartierul Cetate. Altfel, caracterul artificial al amenajrilor va distruge ncet, dar sigur,
identitatea acestor spaii.
4. Relaia public privat
Relaia public privat va fi un subiect de gestiune care s ofere soluii convenabile pentru ambele pri, n
favoarea dezvoltrii unor schimburi generoase ntre ceteni i, de asemenea, a mririi confortului urban.

http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2013/03/densificare-si-de-densificare-in-timisoara/
DENSIFICARE I DE-DENSIFICARE N TIMIOARA

Posted by Diana Belci on duminic, martie 10, 2013

Odat cu intrarea n Uniunea European, Romnia s-a vzut obligat s se ralieze unei gndiri fundamental
diferite n urbanism. Gndirea strategic a oraului, cu aplicare la aria mai larg, metropolitan, este nc
nefamiliar administraiilor romneti postcomuniste. ntr-un context politic urban, care nu i-a rezolvat
rivalitile i zonele de influen, unde persist dihotomia ntre sistemul centralizat i autonomia local, este
complicat s gndeti strategic. Disputele ntre arhitectul- ef de la ora i cel de la jude, ntre oraul care se
extinde i comunele periferice au fost inflamate de apariia fondurilor structurale i a polilor de cretere.
Accesarea fondurilor structurale presupune nu numai gndire de viitor, ci i punerea la mas a tuturor actorilor
urbani, un exerciiu nefamiliar pentru instituii obinuite timp de 45 de ani s comunice numai pe vertical. S

fie urbanismul vest-european unica surs de inspiraie sau putem s gsim modele autohtone demne de studiat
i de urmat?
Timioara oraul densificrilor
Pentru c i-a pstrat pn n perioada contemporan o resurs preioas de teren liber chiar n centru i
numeroase zone densificabile, de care alte orae de aceeai talie din ar nu dispun, Timioara poate fi numit,
fr a exagera foarte mult, un ora al densificrilor. Poate c acesta a fost motivul pentru care, n perioada
comunist, nu au fost demolri substaniale i i-a pstrat aproape nealterat schema sa de dezvoltare radialconcentric, aa cum a fost ea gndit acum mai bine de 100 de ani 1

1893 Temesvar, szab. kir. varos terkepe es varosbovitesi terve, a varosi mernoki, Aladar S. Kovacs, Lajos Ybl, 1893,
propunere de sistematizare a zonei dintre Cetate i Canalul Bega.

1913 Temesvar, szab. kir. varos terkepe es varosbovitesi terve, a varosi mernoki, Szilard Emil, Briger, o alt
propunere expus publicului pentru sugestii.

1936 Planul Municipiului Timioara, Emil Grdinariu, desenat: D. Dumitrache, Editura Lito. Kheil&
Baumstark Timioara, 1936.

1940 Planul Municipiului Timioara, Editura Institutul Cultural de Vest, director Ion Stoia-Udrea, 1940.

1941 Planul Municipiului Timioara, Ediie oficial ntocmit i executat dup indicaiunile Serviciului Tehnic i
Serviciului Cultural ale Primriei, Editura Institutul Cultural de Vest, director Ion Stoia-Udrea.

1946 Planul Municipiului Timioara, executat de Serviciul Tehnic al Municipiului, 1946, Secia de
Reambulare: ing. Sarme Ioan, eful Serviciului Tehnic: arh.- ef Rafiroiu Silvestru; Desenat: Tth
Augustin.

1949 Planul Comunei Urbane Timioara, 1949, Lito: I.C.Frimu, Timioara, 1949.

1970 Schia de Sistematizare a oraului Timioara, Direcia de Sistematizare, Arhitectur i Proiectarea


Construciilor-Banat, 1970.

1986-1989 Macheta de sistematizare 1986-1989, Plana 36, XXVIII, HCL 208 din 31.05.2011, privind
aprobarea studiului de Fundamentare Istoric Zone Construite Protejate Timioara.

1991- Schi de sistematizare, Atelierul de urbanism al IPROTIM.

1998 Municipiul Timioara Plan Urbanistic General 1998, Plana 38 XXX, elaborat de IPROTIM Timioara

Google Map Prezent

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