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Paper review

CRAMMING MORE COMPONENTS ONTO INTEGRATED


CIRCUITS
With unit cost falling as the number of components per circuit rises, by
1975 economics may dictate squeezing as many as 65000 component on a
single silicon chip.
-

Gordon E. Moore

A simple observation made over 30 years ago, on the growth in the


number of devices per silicon die has become a central driving force of
one of the most dynamic of the worlds industries .

1.1 BIRTH

OF MOORES LAW
Moore predicted the domination of integrated circuits in the field of modern
electronics. On the basis of the trending decline in the falling unit cost of
components per circuit which stands true to the test of time and proves
preciseness of his prediction when we take a look at the present electronic
scenario.

1.2 MOORES

PREDICTION AND PRESENT SCENARIO


Gordon Moore predicted the future of the integrated electronics. According to
him the computers would become more powerful and organized. Also
memories will be distributed throughout the machine rather than being
concentrated in a central unit providing reliability and construction of larger
processing units.
At that time though integrated circuits were not that popular and were only
used in new military systems. But projects like Apollo proved the reliability of
integrated electronics at that time.
He also proposed the various advantages of the integrated electronic circuits.

Lower Cost
Reliability
Compactness
Reduced Weight
Power Efficiency
Simpler Designs
Large scale data processing
Communication networks

Costs and curves


He proposed that reduced cost is one of the big attraction of the integrated
electronics and the cost advantage continues to increase as the technology
evolves towards the production of the larger and larger circuit functions on a
single semiconductor substrate.

This was just a mere proposal without any scientific support though it was
a very powerful assumption which strongly proved to be right. The number
of transistors on a single chip increases then to a point the manufacturing
cost reduces but after a certain point the manufacturing cost again start
increasing.

How It Played Out:

Conclusion :
The paper noted that number of components in integrated circuits has
doubled every year from the invention of the integrated circuit in 1958
until 1965 and predicted that the trend would continue for at least 10
years.
His prediction has proved to be uncannily accurate, in part because his
law is now used in the semiconductor industry to guide long term planning
and to set targets for research and development.

Naivedya Singh Kuntal


2013UCP1397
Shubham Kumar Sharma
2013UCP1396

Shresth Gupta 2013UCP1766


Dheeraj Bajaj 2013UCP1365