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Code.No: 36061

R05

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

 

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1.

Explain following relations between pixels.

 

a) Neighbors of pixels

b) Connectivity of pixels

c) Labeling of connected components.

[16]

2.a)

Discuss the dynamic rang compression property w.r.t 2D-DFT.

b)

State and prove separability property of 2D – DFT.

[16]

3.

Discuss following techniques for Image enhancement

a) Histogram specification.

b) Local enhancement.

[16]

4.a)

What are the basic properties of frequency domain with respect to the image processing.

b)

Define the terms:

 

(i)

Impulse function of strength a

(ii)

Impulse function shifting property.

[16]

5.a)

Describe the techniques used for color image smoothing?

b)

What is the need of graylevel slicing in color images.

[8+8]

6.

Explain the following order-Statistics Filters.

a) Max and min filters

b) Median filter.

c) Midpoint filter.

[16]

7.a)

Explain about Prewitt edge Detector.

b)

Explain about Sobel edge Detector.

[8+8]

8.a)

Distinguish between lossy and losslen compression techniques?

b)

Explain lossy predictive coding with a neat block diagram.

[8+8]

******

Code.No: 36061

R05

SET-2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1.

A common measure of transmission for digital data is the baud rate, defined as the number of bits transmitted per second. Generally, transmission is accomplished in

packets consisting of starting bit, a byte of information and a stop bit. Using this approach, answer the following.

a) How many minutes would it take to transmit a 512 X 512 image with 128 gray levels at 300 baud?

b) What would the time be at 9600 baud?

c) Repeat

(a) and (b) for a 1024 X 1024 image 128 gray levels.

[16]

2.

State and prove following properties of 2D-DFT

a) Rotation

b) Distributivity.

[10+6]

3.

Discuss following techniques for Image enhancement.

a) Image subtraction.

b) Image averaging.

[16]

4.

Give the expression for 2-D Butterworth High pass filter transfer function and

sketch it. Explain its usefulness in Image enhancement.

[16]

5.a)

What is Pseudocolor? What is the use of Pseudocolor?

b)

What is meant by Intensity slicing? Explain the technique behind it.

[8+8]

6.

Explain the following:

a) Unconstrained Restoration.

b) Constrained Restoration.

[8+8]

7.a)

Write about Roberts edge Detector.

b)

Explain about Laplacian of a Gaussian ( LoG) Detector.

[8+8]

8.a)

What is meant by Predictive differential quantizing.

b)

Explain Contour tracing and coding.

[8+8]

******

Code.No: 36061

R05

SET-3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1.

Consider the image segment shown below.

 
 

3

1

2

1( q )

2

2

0

2

1

2

1

1

 

(

p

)1

0

1

2

a) Let V = {0, 1} and compute the D4, D8 and Dm distances between p and

 

q.

 

b) Repeat for V = {1, 2}

[16]

2.

Obtain Slant transform matrix for N = 8.

[16]

3.

Discuss Image smoothing with the following

a) Low pass spatial filtering

b) Median filtering.

[16]

4.a)

State and explain convolution theorem and correlation theorem.

b)

What is successive doubling and how it is used to formulae Fast Fourier transform. [16]

5.

Explain the following:

 

a) Color transformation.

b) Spatial processing.

[16]

6.

Explain the following two basic types of noise models.

a) Noise in the Spatial domain

b) Noise in the Frequency domain.

[8+8]

7.

Explain about the Hough Transform Line Detection and Linking.

[16]

8.a)

What are the various image file formats?

b)

Explain Lempel-Zev-Welch coding technique.

[8+8]

******

Code.No: 36061

R05

SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1.

Explain following relations between pixels.

a) Relations, Equivalence and Transitive closures of pixels.

b) Concept of distance measures between pixels.

[8+8]

2.a)

What is the usefulness of DCT in Image processing?

b)

Give the expressions for 1D and 2D DCT and explain.

[6+10]

3.a)

Give the algorithm for histogram equalization.

b)

What is the histogram distribution for high contrast, low contrast images?

[8+8]

4. What is unsharp marking? Distinguish between High-Boost-Filtering and High-

frequency Emphasis filtering with respect to image enhancement?

[16]

5. Derive the CMY transformations to generate the complement of a color image.[16]

6. What are the effects of Diagonalization on the degradation model? Explain. [16]

7. Explain about line detection and edge detection gray level discontinuities in a

digital image.

8. Explain about the following:

a) Lossy compression.

b) Lossy predictive coding.

******

[16]

[8+8]