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Personnel Management

Personal management onboard a ship is all about governing officers who have
bigger responsibilities because they are the ones who make decisions. They represent
the administrative staff and it is their role to integrate the crew with the technical aspects
so that the relationship between the officers and crew will improve.
A key to activity in shipboard organization behaviour is to develop an
environment in which the crew are motivated towards teamwork. Coordination refers to
effective time and sequence in performing shipboard activities and cooperation which
indicates the willingness of the crew to work together to accomplish the assigned task.
Crew motivation is essential to the operation of the ship. No matter how
sophisticated the vessel is. It cannot be run by a single person. Therefore, every crew
shall be motivated to work in order to run the ship.
Traditional ship management relied on principles to provide one best way of
managing, such as:
1. Proper way to organize the work
2. Proper way to delegate the work
3. Proper way to divide the work
Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives
enthusiastically. Leadership is so important and its human factor binds a group together
and motivates it toward a certain goal. Leadership is part of management because
managers as leaders are required to plan and organize. They are influence others to
follow direction either right or wrong. This means that strong leaders can be weak
managers if they are weak in planning and a manager can be a weak leader if he is
weak in governing.
As society has learned more about leadership, it has become increasingly
evident that strong leadership is a result of effective role behaviour. Organizational
leadership is a role behaviour that unites and stimulates followers towards a particular
objective in particular environment.
Four elements are variable and affect each other in determining suitable role behaviour.
1. Leader
2. Follower
3. Goal
4. Environment

The role behaviour of a leader covers three different skills:

1. Technical refers to a persons knowledge of proficiency in any type of process of
technique. It deals with things.
2. Human the ability to interact effectively with people and to build teamwork. It deals
with people.
3. conceptual deals more with long-range plans, broad relationship and other
abstractions. It deals with ideas.

Effectiveness is the result in a contingency model of leadership and is determined by

interaction of a follower oriented with three additional variables:
1. leader-member relations are determine by the manner in which the leader is
accepted by the group.
2. Task structure reflects the degree to which a specific way is required to do the job.
3. Leader position power describes the organizational power that is provided for the
position the leader occupies
Onboard a ship, what is a leader?
A leader is an individual who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way.
The development of leadership skill depends on an individuals actual exposure of
Better approach on values formation in leadership:
Values formation in leadership must be incorporated into the subjects offered by the
maritime schools.
Leadership styles:
1. Traditional they always demand respect from people they served.
2. Bureaucrat they follow the manual exactly (procedures like parliamentary is closely
3. Dependable the jack-of-all-trades and knows everything (the followers need not to
worry because the leader takes care of everything).
4. Example they are leaders who give responsibilities to their followers gradually so
that in the future, they can stand on their own.

5. Participated they encourage their members to take their responsibilities even at the
risk of making mistakes so that everyone will learn leadership by leading.
Kind of leadership:
1. Autocratic leadership centralized power and decision making for themselves. The
members are obedient to the leader who dictate everything, thinking that their member
are not capable of making their own decision.

Characteristic and personality:

a. Perfectionist basically insecure (task and not person oriented).

b. Getting what they want by threat or bribes commanding (always refuse to listen to
c. Strong personality to demand obedience by fear cannot admit any mistakes
(looking for scapegoats when something goes wrong).
d. Give orders which must be obeyed demand service but would not serve.
e. Have all powers for themselves proud and aristocratic

2. Liberal leadership free rein leader who sees their members as responsible. Every
member is entitled to be heard and to be responsible for what he does. As a result,
there is no controlling authority. Confusion is present because everybody claims to be

Characteristics and personality:

a. Listens to everybody easygoing.

b. Trusts everyone to be responsible open and tolerant of everything and to
c. Accepts everything without evaluating leaves everything for a chance.
d. Gets along well with everybody good group-mixer.