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Power Transmission and Distribution

Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Power Transmission and Distribution


Communication in Substations with IEC 61850
HW, SW & Ethernet configurations
Markus Spangler, Siemens AG, PTD EA 13

02/2007 1
Power Transmission and Distribution

Overview
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

„ Introduction to XML

„ Substation Configuration Language SCL

„ Engineering Process

„ Hardware

„ Software

„ Ethernetdesign

05/2007 2
Power Transmission and Distribution

Introduction to XML (1)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. „ XML – eXtended Markup Language

„ Formal representation of structured information

„ Based on HTML

„ Neutral format for data interchange

„ Major application in documentation and information representation

„ Increasing
use in automation application for configuration data
interchange

„ High data volume

05/2007 3
Power Transmission and Distribution

Introduction to XML (2)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
„ XML is not a programming language !

„ XML is not a data base !

„ XML does not include semantics or services !

„ Applications like IEC standards include semantics or services

„ IEC61970 (CIM) defines a XML scheme representing a power system


model

„ IEC 61850-6 defines a XML scheme representing substation and IED


configuration model

05/2007 4
Power Transmission and Distribution

XML Example
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Markup
<contact>
Element Name
<name> Element Value
Start Tag <firstname>Markus </firstname>
<familyname>Spangler </familyname>
</name>
<company>Siemens PTD</company>
End Tag <phone Type=„Office“>267</phone>
<phone Type=„Fax“>100</phone>
</contact>
Attribute Name Attribute Value

05/2007 5
Power Transmission and Distribution

XML Schema
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

A XML scheme is a specification of a XML document type

XML schema define


„ Element and attribute types
„ Structure and syntax of XML document
„ Parameter ranges
„ Allowed or mandatory number of instances of elements

XML schema allow


„ Automatic syntax checks
„ Limited semantic checks

05/2007 6
Power Transmission and Distribution

SCL - Substation Configuration Language


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. Scope: Formal representation of substation automation
communication

Goals:
„ Standardized and uniform inter-change format
„ Reusable and long-term stable
„ Electronic documentation and archiving
„ Error reduction by syntax checking (XML-Scheme)
„ Template support

Contents:
„ Topology information of primary and secondary equipment
„ Functional capabilities of IEDs
„ Communication settings of IEDs
„ Relation between primary equipment and IEDs
„ Template definitions
05/2007 7
Power Transmission and Distribution

SCL files: ICD and SCD


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
With SCL, all relevant information can be written into a
text file in accordance with a standardized structure
based on XML:
Each IEC 61850-compliant device now has to provide such a file, the so-called
device description (ICD). This file defines the configuration of the device as well
as its functioning and communications capabilities.

Analogously, the station description contains information on the network


structure of a station, the assignment of the devices to the primary technology and
the station-internal communication (SCD).

05/2007 8
Power Transmission and Distribution

SCL- XML Sections


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Communication
Corporate
Section
Network TCP/IP

HMI
SCADA – WAN

IED Section

DataTypeTemplates

Substation Section
(Prim. + Sec. Topology)
Functionally not relevant

SCL - FILE

05/2007 9
Power Transmission and Distribution

SCL- File Types


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Corporate
Network TCP/IP

HMI
SCADA – WAN
ICD CID
ICD
File CID
File
File File
IED Capability
Configured IED
Description
SCD Description
File

Substation
SSD Configuration
File Description

System
Specification
Vendor specific use
Description

05/2007 10
Power Transmission and Distribution

Device Parameterization
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Scope: Download device configuration to devices

Third-Party
Tool

SCD
File

Third-Party
Tool
SICAM PAS

05/2007 11
Power Transmission and Distribution

DIGSI Add-On for the Substation configuration


according IEC 61850: Substation Configurator
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. ICD
SCD
ICD File
File 1
ICD SCL provides
File 2 a common
ICD object and
File 3 configuration
ICD System Configurator description
File N DIGSI Add – On
„ Substation configuration language based on XML
„ Facilitates the
„ Substation specification
„ Design and system setting-up
„ Testing and maintenance

Î Data exchange between different vendors


„ Between relays (relay to relay communication)
„ Between relays and automation system

05/2007 12
Power Transmission and Distribution

DIGSI Add-On for the Substation configuration


according IEC 61850: Substation Configurator
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
ICD or SCD
SCD
ICD File
File 1
ICD SCD –
File 2 Substation
ICD Configuration
File 3 Description
ICD System - configurator File
File N

The communication capability In the system configurator the The SCD – file as output
of a device is described in a communication connections file of this configuration
readable file (XML - format) will be configured process describe the
complete communication

DIGSI

Setting of the
SCD
devices with
IEC 61850 datas
File

Program of the manufacturer


(z.B. DIGSI / Toolbox)

05/2007 13
Power Transmission and Distribution

System - Configurator
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Connection between indications: Source <-> Target

Indications send from the device (source) Indication receive by the device (target)

05/2007 14
Power Transmission and Distribution

Documents for IEC 61850


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

6MD66
Manual
Ethernetmodule 7SJ6x
7SA6
IEC 61850 IEC 61850
EN100 mapping of the
(incl. PICS) device created
from the ICD – file
by DIGSI
(MICS)
Supported communication services
Goose, Report-model, time – Actual mapping of the device.
synchronization Written version of the ICD – file generated
by DIGSI for the specific device.
6MD66
7SJ6x
useful documents
7SA52/7SA6x
IEC 61850
Mapping of the Startup /
device for test Commissioning
purposes Ethernet module
IEC 61850
(PIXIT) manual
Beginners
guide
Description for the type
conformance test. Full
mapping + PICS) 05/2007 15
Power Transmission and Distribution

example PICS – EN100-module – (extract)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

05/2007 16
Power Transmission and Distribution

example PICS – EN100-module – (extract)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

05/2007 17
Power Transmission and Distribution

example PIXIT – 7SJ61...7SJ64 – (extract)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

05/2007 18
Power Transmission and Distribution

example MICS – 7SJ64 – (extract)


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

05/2007 19
Power Transmission and Distribution

Parallel running communication services at the


Ethernet port
Power Automation Port B
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Parallel running services:

IEC 61850
02/2005
Info – Report Optical module

Electrical Ethernet module


IEC 61850
1)
Goose
Data-
highway:
IEC 61850
2
timesync.(SNTP )
100 MBit/s
Ethernet

DIGSI - IP

Web - Monitor Port B


1) Generic Object Oriented Substation Event
2) Simple Network Time Protocol
05/2007 20
Power Transmission and Distribution

Principle communication configuration with Station Units


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Station Unit Station Unit


TP
62,5µ or 50µ Fibre

100 Mbit/s redundant switched Ethernet ring


No Redundancy,
Bay Cubicle Cost-optimized

TP TP
TP

Small medium voltage switchgear

Cu Twisted Pair (TP)


Shielded cable
max. 20m

Inter-bay-Communication between bay devices independent on the StationUnit with IEC


61850-Goose-mechanism (e.g. for inter-bay-interlocks)

05/2007 21
Power Transmission and Distribution

Settings to configure an IEC61850 Station


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
„ Indication of IED names to identify them by the DIGSI manager
„ Allocation of IP – Addresses to all network participants
The address must be unique for each component
In the Sub-Network the allocation of the address is without any restrictions
You should configure a private network
e.g. IP-Addresses: 192.168.1.1 – 192.168.1.254 SubNetMask: 255.255.255.0
If there is an external communication link, please do the settings for the default-
gateway.
„ IP – Addressing of bay devices in DIGSI
„ IP – Addressing of central unit / DIGSI – PC
„ IP – Addressing of switches via Telnet / terminal program
„ IP – Addressing of SNTP – servers to synchronize the time
„ IP – Addressing of other participants with their own programs (Serial Hub, Router,
etc.) -> Often to be configured with browser.
„ Availability of software (e.g. NetworkView, to visualize and address all participants)
„ Ping the devices to check the communication medium (simplest check)

05/2007 22
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of SIPROTEC Devices


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

• Devices are configured with Ethernet module EN100 -> IEC61850 devices

05/2007 23
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of SIPROTEC Devices


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Providing the addresses to the device (usefull also for Ethernet-devices
without IEC 61850, just for DIGSI over IP)

IP - address

Subnet mask
Describes the class of
the network

Default – Gateway
e.g. a router with
VPN to external
INTRANET for access
with DIGSI

IED name for the configurator (Logical Device Name)

05/2007 24
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of SIPROTEC Devices


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Displayed in device by Parameter -> Interfaces -> Interface parameter
The address is displayed and cannot be changed.

IP – Address of IP – address of PC
device Fixed setting of the PC. In the network
the address can be provided dynamically (DHCP – Server)

The device must be initialized by the serial front interface to


activate the settings.
Afterward the network access is possible.
05/2007 25
Power Transmission and Distribution

Possibilities of IP-Addressing with DIGSI / System


Configurator
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Automatic Allocation of IPs by the System Configurator

Properties of the selected device


List of all devices of a IEC - Station

05/2007 26
Power Transmission and Distribution

Fixed setting for the operator PC in the network


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

The setting of the IP-address is done via


To define a fixed IP-address:
„Internet protocol (TCP/IP)“
„Use the following IP-Address“ .
By pressing the button
Set a free IP-Address for private networks, e.g.
„Properties“.
192.168.10.100 and under „Subnet mask“ the
By marking associated subnet mask 255.255.255.0
„Show icon.. “ Confirm with „OK“ .
The status is displayed in notification area
05/2007 27
Power Transmission and Distribution

Properties and Requirements of Switches in


Industrial Networks
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Allocation of IP – addresses for Switches
Switches must support the priority of Goose – telegrams (Ethertype)
Switches must comply with EMC – requirements for protection and substation
automation systems
(IEC – requirements, ANSI – requirements, requirements acc. Part 3 of IEC 61850)
wide range power supply AC and/or DC
redundant power supply
no rotating parts
Live contact to signal any device failure
Adjustable via serial interface or network
To be managed by the network (SNMP – protocol)
-> Identification of functionality, loss of telegrams, etc.
Redundance against loss of one switch in ring configuration. Rapid Spanning Tree
to seperate the ring configuration under normal operation
Short switching-over-times in case of failure of a switch within the ring (< 5ms per device)
Automatic reconfiguration of the network in case of errors
realtime monitoring

05/2007 28
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC 61850 – System components


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Type overview:
RUGGEDCOM – overview Switches

Homepage:
http://www.ruggedcom.com/

Depending on the requirements of the network you have to choose the


applicable switches
All available Ruggedcom switches are qualified for substation environment
All type of switches have the same operating system
Only the Ruggedcom components were tested with Siprotec devices.
Don‘t use switches from other vendors in optical Siprotec ring structures

05/2007 29
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC 61850 – System component RS8000T


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

9 Ethernet-Switch, complies with IEC61850 requirements


9 DIN rail mounting
9 Output relay Settings via:
9 Fan free operation Terminal program
e.g. Hyperterm by
serial interface or
Telnet (Ethernet-
interface)

Loading of config-
Files (CSV – Files)
OR
operator dialog of the
device, webbased

05/2007 30
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC 61850 – System component RS8000T


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

20m

05/2007 31
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC 61850 – System component RS1600T


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

2x FO- ports (MTRJ)


14x RJ45-ports
RS1600T

No redundancy
Cost-optimized

Cu Shielded Pair
max. 20m

05/2007 32
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC 61850 – System components RS1600T


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
9 Ethernet-Switch, complies with IEC61850 requirements
9 Redundant power supply
9 Output relay
9 Fan free operation

05/2007 33
Power Transmission and Distribution

Ethernet Basics
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

„ Ethernet:
Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies
that operates at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). The name comes from
the physical concept of the ether. It defines a number of wiring and signaling standards
for the physical layer, through means of network access at the Media Access Control
(MAC)/Data Link Layer, and a common addressing format.

MAC-Adresse (Media Access Control)


Worldwide unique physically hardware address of a NIC (network interface card). Will
be provided by the manufacturer. The first three octets (in transmission order) identify
the organization that issued the identifier and are known as the Organizationally Unique
Identifier (OUI). The following three octets are assigned by that organization in nearly
any manner they please, subject to the constraint of uniqueness.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)


DHCP is a protocol used by networked computers (clients) to obtain IP addresses and
other parameters such as the default gateway, subnet mask, and IP addresses of DNS
servers from a DHCP server. It facilitates access to a network because these settings
would otherwise have to be made manually for the client to participate in the network.
This service is out of scope in IEC 61850.

05/2007 34
Power Transmission and Distribution

Ethernet Basics
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
„ Unicast
data packets will be transmitted from one sender to one receiver,
e.g. Inforeport

„ Multicast
data packets will be transmitted from one sender to one or more receiver ,
e.g. GOOSE packets use multicasting

„ Broadcast
data packets will be transmitted from one sender to all receivers in the same subnet,
e.g. DHCP or ARP

05/2007 35
Power Transmission and Distribution

Ethernet Basics
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. „ IP-Address:
An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique address that certain
electronic devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on
a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP)—in simpler
terms, a computer address. Any participating network device—including
routers, computers, time-servers, printers, Internet fax machines, and some
telephones—can have their own unique address.
Continuous IP-Addresses are grouped to subnets. A subnet is a specified part
of the IP-address. The choice is done by the subnetmask

„ Subnetmask:
The subnetmask determine which part of the IP-address is the network portion
and which part is the host portion. Subnet masks consist of a series of 1s in
binary followed by 0s. The 1s designate that part of the address as being part
of the network portion and the 0s designate that part as being part of the host
address (logical AND interconnection).
Subnet masks do not have to fill a given octet. This allows a classful network to
be broken down into subnets

05/2007 36
Power Transmission and Distribution

IP-address and Subnetmask


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. IP-address consists of subnet-address and host-address.

With the subnetmask the max. amount of hosts is determined for this
subnet.

05/2007 37
Power Transmission and Distribution

IP-address and Subnetmask


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
example:

device 1: device 1 is part of subnet 192.168 (mask


IP-address 192.168.1.23
255.255.0.0) and has host-address 1.23
subnetmask 255.255.0.0
device 2: device 2 is part of the same subnet and
IP-address 192.168.1.24 has host-address 1.24
subnetmask 255.255.0.0
device 3: device 3 is part of subnet 192.168.2
IP-address 192.168.2.34 (mask 255.255.255.0) and has host-
subnetmask 255.255.255.0 address 34 and is therefore not in the
subnet of device 1 and 2
Important:
the subnet part of the IP-address has to be identical within the same subnet
(192.168). The host address(1.23 / 1.24) has to be unique.

05/2007 38
Power Transmission and Distribution

network classes
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. In former times the classes were distinguished via the 1st block of the IP-
address (without subnetmask)

1 … 127 class A network, 16.777.214 hosts (Block 2 -4)


128 … 191 class B network, 65.534 hosts (Block 3 and 4)
192 … 223 class C network 256 hosts (Block 4)
224 … 255 class D/E network Multicast/reserved

Private address-ranges are still preserved and won‘t be routed in the internet.
They can be used by yourself without restrictions.

class A: 10.0.0.0 bis 10.255.255.255


class B: 172.16.0.0 bis 172.31.255.255
class C: 192.168.0.0 bis 192.168.255.255

05/2007 39
Power Transmission and Distribution

Redundancy in Layer 2 networks


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Layer 2 redundancy algorhythm: RSTP (Rapid Spanning


Tree)

RSTP works with priorities


The switch with the highest bridge-priority (lowest value) is the
so-called root-bridge. At the root-bridge the station master Sicam
PAS should be connected. All other switches are the so-called
„Designated Switches“ .
The determination of the logical cut in the ring will be done via
the pathcosts (parameter „cost style“). The way with the lowest
pathcosts will be chosen to the root bridge.

05/2007 40
Power Transmission and Distribution

Redundancy in Layer 2 networks


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

RSTP - Example
root designated alternate root
Forwarding 3 Forwarding Discarding 4 Forwarding

Port type
logical gap

designated root designated designated root designated


Forwarding
2 Forwarding Forwarding
1 Forwarding Forwarding
5 Forwarding

Root-Switch

„ Root Port: Ports with direction to root


„ Designated Port: Ports with direction to common LAN
„ Alternate Port: logical gap in the ring
05/2007 41
Power Transmission and Distribution

Redundancy in Layer 2 networks


Power Automation General
Progress. It‘s that simple. The switches are connected to each other in ring configuration. Thus it is assured that in case of
failure a redundant switch over occurs. Logically those rings are open to prevent cycling telegrams
within a ring.
Via the priority of the switches the data flow within the configuration can be managed
and the traffic load be influenced.

1.) Approach
same priority for all switches (no changes)
the order of the priorities will be choosen automatically by the MAC-addresses
-> random allocation of the priorities
-> unbalanced network load

2.) Approach
determine the root-bridge
bridge priotity will be set to zero (high Prio)
-> what happens in case of failure, where is the new root ?

3.) Approach (recommendation)


Each switch gets its own priority depending on location
Advantage:
The complete network is known and data flow can be managed secretly.
Disadvantage:
Each switch has to be set individually. If you change the configuration, all switches must be
parametrized.

05/2007 42
Power Transmission and Distribution

Parameters of a Switch – Parameter for Ring-


Configurations
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Network parameters

Operator identification

IP-address of time synchronizing server

Version identification

Configuration of the ports


Default: Enabled Auto

Behavior in case of loosing a component of the ring


Rapid Spanning Tree

Priorities to assure defined switching sequences


within the communication

05/2007 43
Power Transmission and Distribution

Parameters of a Switch – Priority


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Efficient data flow by seperation

Data flow by 4 devices Data flow by 4 devices

Open ring

Data flow by 2 devices


Data flow by 2 devices

05/2007 44
Power Transmission and Distribution

Parameters of a Switch – Priority


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Inefficient data flow by seperation

Data flow by 8 devices

Open ring

Data flow by 2 devices Data flow by 6 devices

Data flow by 2+4 devices

05/2007 45
Power Transmission and Distribution

Parameters of a Switch – V-model


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Ring connection exists physically Switch 11
but is open logically

Goose – Information
between devices

Data-
flow through
the switches using
Info-reports to
station unit

Switch 2 Switch 2

Switch with connection to PC /


Switch 1 substation automation system

05/2007 46
Power Transmission and Distribution

Electrical/Optical Converter
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

10 MBit/s oder Optical


Electrical
Ethernet
10 MBit/s or
Ethernet

100 MBit/s Electrical f.o. Optical 100 MBit/s


Ethernet
Ethernet

05/2007 47
Power Transmission and Distribution

Serial Modem/Hub
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. • two modems configure a point-to-point
connection in the network (IP to IP)
• Electrical RS232 and RJ45 - Connection
• Integration in DIGSI 4 like telefon modem
• Password protected in modem
RJ45
(only changeable serially)
• Transmission of telegrams without gaps
• Settings of the modem via network-
or via serial interface with the configuration tool

Serial transmission with Transmission via Ethernet


max. 57,6 kBit / s with serial Data-packages with 100 MBit /s

Serial modem Serial modem


7XV585x – Office 7XV585x
7XV5655 - Substation 7XV5655

Ethernet Ethernet RS232 RS232


RS232
IEC-telegram TCP/IP IEC103-Telegram
IEC103-Telegram
RS232 Ethernet
Asynchronous serial
147.9.8.34 147.9.8.35
data: Data transfer between two
IEC 60870-5-103 IP-addresses with Ethernet protocols:
IEC 60870-5-101 UDP (unsecure via Ethernet – secure via serial IEC - protocol)
DIGSI
… TCP IP (secure via Ethernet – secure via serial IEC - protocol)

05/2007 48
Power Transmission and Distribution

Serial Modem/Hub
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. • Serial-modem / Serial Hub with optical 820 nm
interface with ST-connectors and serial RS232 / R485
interface
• Electrical RJ45 –interface
to the 10/100 MBit/s network
• Wide range power supply
• compatible with office version
7XV585x of serial modem
• Same Hardware for Serial - Modem
and Serial - Hub
• Security settings for the modem:
- Password Protection
- Access only on released IP-addresses in the network
- Access rights can only be changed via serial interface

05/2007 49
Power Transmission and Distribution

Serial connections via Ethernet – networks


Difference between Serial-Modem and Serial-Hub
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. RJ45-
network
connector
For each Serial-Hub
one virtual COM-port
PC with application is required at the PC
Virtual (max. 254 ports)
software for serial FO
COM- Serial Hub
access to devices with it´s unique max. 254 devices
port 3-254
(e.g. DIGSI) IP – address
(by Via
Ethernet- 7XV5655-0BA00
RS232
software) network
(10/100 RS485
MBit/s)

max. 254 devices


RJ-45 network
connector
Embedded
hardware with Physical FO
Serial Modem Serial Modem
serial ports COM-port RS232 with it´s unique with it´s unique
(PC – IP – address IP – address
Via
hardware) 7XV5655-0AB00 Ethernet- 7XV5655-0BB00 RS232
network
(10/100
RS485
MBit/s)

05/2007 50
Power Transmission and Distribution

Imbedding of devices with serial protocol


IEC 103, DNP3.0, Modbus or DIGSI-protocol
Power Automation Central – PC with DIGSI 4.8 / SICAM PAS
Progress. It‘s that simple. Fiber optic cable (multimode)
- Substation automation with serial protocols
Ethernet cable (max. 20 m) (IEC103, DNP3.0, Modbus) and IEC 61850
- DIGSI via service port
RS485 – Bus (also FO –bus
Virtual com-port at the PC is assigned to the IP-address
possible)
of the serial hub

Modem

router DIGSI Addressing via virtual


Utility- / company Com-port, which is
LAN (INTRANET) assigned to the
IP - address of the
Serial Hub
IEC61850
Switch
and
DIGSI via
Ethernet Each one serial bus
Serial for DIGSI and for
Sta
c o n n d by Hub substation automation
ne
SIEMENS
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR
SIEMENS
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR
SIEMENS
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR
c ti o
n Ethernet
<->Serial
L1 402,1A Max450.1A L1 402,1A Max450.1A L1 402,1A Max450.1A
L2 402,1A Max450.1A L2 402,1A Max450.1A L2 402,1A Max450.1A
L3 402,1A Max450.1A L3 402,1A Max450.1A L3 402,1A Max450.1A
E 00.0A E 00.0A E 00.0A

Anr. L1 Anr. L1 Anr. L1


Anr. L2 Anr. L2 Anr. L2
Anr. L3 Anr. L3 Anr. L3
Anr. Erde Anr. Erde Anr. Erde
Automat Automat Automat

Devices with IEC103 SIEMENS

Anr. L1
Anr. L2
RUN

L1 402,1A
ERROR
SIPROTEC

Max450 .1A
SIEMENS

L1 402,1A
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR

Max450.1A
SIEMENS

L1 402,1A
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR

Max450.1A

substation control
Anr. L3 L2 402,1A Max450 .1A L2 402,1A Max450.1A L2 402,1A Max450.1A
Anr. Erde L3 402,1A Max450 .1A L3 402,1A Max450.1A L3 402,1A Max450.1A
Automat E 00.0A E 00.0A E 00.0A

interface (port B) Aus L1


Aus L2
Aus L3
Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3
Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3

max. 6 devices with EN100 – module Aus Erde Anr. Erde


Automat
Anr. Erde
Automat

and service interface


connected to one Industrial Ethernet – Switch
(port C)
(depends on the kind of the used switch
max. 254 devices
05/2007 51
Power Transmission and Distribution

Mobile access to devices with DIGSI


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Ethernet cable
RS485 – Bus (also FO –bus I4
DIGS
possible) Wireless access with
industrial Ethernet
protocol (high safety)

PC with DIGSI and


wireless card

Industrial
wireless
switch
- Scalance
DIGSI via Addressing via virtual
Ethernet Com-port, which is
assigned to the
IP - address of the
Serial Serial Hub
SIEMENS
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR
SIEMENS
RUN
SIPROTEC
ERROR
Hub
Ethernet
L1 402,1A Max450.1A L1 402,1A Max450.1A
L2 402,1A Max450.1A L2 402,1A Max450.1A
L3 402,1A Max450.1A L3 402,1A Max450.1A
E 00.0A E 00.0A

Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3
Anr. Erde
Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3
Anr. Erde
<->Serial
Automat Automat

SIEMENS SIPROTEC SIEMENS SIPROTEC SIEMENS SIPROTEC


RUN ERROR RUN ERROR RUN ERROR

Anr. L1
Anr. L2 L1 402,1A Max450 .1A L1 402,1A Max450.1A L1 402,1A Max450.1A

Devices with Anr. L3


Anr. Erde
Automat
L2 402,1A
L3 402,1A
E 00.0A
Max450 .1A
Max450 .1A
L2 402,1A
L3 402,1A
E 00.0A
Max450.1A
Max450.1A
L2 402,1A
L3 402,1A
E 00.0A
Max450.1A
Max450.1A

max. 6 devices with EN100 – module serial interfaces Aus L1


Aus L2
Aus L3
Aus Erde
Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3
Anr. Erde
Anr. L1
Anr. L2
Anr. L3
Anr. Erde

interface
Automat Automat

connected to one
Industrial Ethernet – Switch
(depends on the kind of the used switch)
max. 254 devices

05/2007 52
Power Transmission and Distribution

Time Synchronizing Server – SNTP - Server


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. Allocation of IP – address to the time synchronizing server by the ICD-File of the server. This file is evaluated by
the configurator.
Settings of the time synchronization & time format in DIGSI

05/2007 53
Power Transmission and Distribution

Time Synchronizing Server – SNTP - Server


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. Time synchronizing server and IEC61850-client in station unit have different IPs
Independent time synchronizing server as stand–alone device in network -> ICD-File necessary

• Interrogation sequence app. 1 Minute


• Time resolution 1 ms
• time gap between server and client
(bay device) is considered

ICD – File of a central clock in the network

05/2007 54
Power Transmission and Distribution

Support Software for Displaying all Network -


Components
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

http://www.networkview.com/index.html

05/2007 55
Power Transmission and Distribution

Support Software for Analyzing the Data Flow –


UNICA(KEMA) Analyzer/Observer
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

05/2007 56
Power Transmission and Distribution

Support Software for Analyzing the Mapping – IEC


Browser
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Available also on DIGSI 4.8 DVD


05/2007 57
Power Transmission and Distribution

Information about LAN-settings in device display


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. Menu ->Test/Diagnostics -> Modulinfos -> Port B

IP – address of the device

IP – address of the time server

Received and transmitted telegrams

Status of port 1 and port 2

Actual settings of the integrated switch

Supervision window in the device


display for network parameters
05/2007 58
Power Transmission and Distribution

Compact design with electrical interfaces in a


star structure
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
Station controller with IEC 61850
Time synchronization with
SNTP and SNMP management

managed Ethernet switches

Field
Devices

fiber optic
electr.

05/2007 59
Power Transmission and Distribution

EN100-Module electric
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Ethernet module EN100 with RJ45 interfaces for Ethernet module EN100 with DSUB interfaces for
internal installation surface installation

The socket of each of the two channels Ch1 and Ch2 has one yellow and one
green LED to indicate the status of the channel. The yellow LED indicates the
transmission rate of the link. If the LED is on, the transmission rate is 100 Mbps,
otherwise it is 10 Mbps. The green LED indicates that the link is up on the data
link layer. The green LED switches on and off with each telegram received.

05/2007 60
Power Transmission and Distribution

EN100-Module electric
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
hints:
„ quality of the patchcords at least CAT5, the length restriction is 20 meter
because of EMI
„ Don‘t use cross-over-cables for connecting the module to an external
switch
„ there is always an active/standby configuration, in case of failure the
standby-channel will be activated within some milliseconds

direct connection PC-SIPROTEC


„ In this case you need a cross-over cable
„ at first you have to set an IP-address via the front interface
„ the pc has to have an IP-address within the same subnet

05/2007 61
Power Transmission and Distribution

Internal switch:
EN100-module optical
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Ethernet module EN100 with ST interfaces for internal


installation
The module with optical interface has the interfaces shown as
above. The interface design conforms with IEEE802.3, 00Base-
FL. It provides two channels, each with one transmitter and one
receiver. The connectors are made of metal and conform with
the ST standard. The module has no LEDs but uses the device
display for visualization.

05/2007 62
Power Transmission and Distribution

Internal switch:
EN100-module optical
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
hints:
„ Multimodefiber with 50/125µm or. 62,5/125µm and a wavelength of
1300nm with ST-connectors will be used, the length restriction is 2000
meter
„ modes:
„ „line“, like EN100 electrical
„ „switchmode“ for use in redundant rings (preferred)

direct connection PC-SIPROTEC


„ in this case you need a media converter from fiber optic to copper RJ45
„ a cross-over cable is not necessary

„ atfirst you have to set an IP-address via the front interface


„ the pc has to have an IP-address within the same subnet

05/2007 63
Power Transmission and Distribution

Settings:
Internal switch – EN100-module optical
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

choose switch mode


choose RSTP, OSM is a
Siemens proprietary
redundance protocol

further RSTP settings

05/2007 64
Power Transmission and Distribution

Settings:
Internal switch – EN100-module optical
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

default-Wert

lowest value -> Root-Switch

default value

default value

max. amount of messages after


reconfiguration.
value can be set to 100, value should be
higher than the amount of switches

attention: change parameters here, if necessary

05/2007 65
Power Transmission and Distribution

Settings:
Internal switch – EN100-module optical
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
„ RSTP activate: activate mode „RSTP“ in DIGSI, the shown menu
contains the RSTP relevant settings
„ Bridge priority: set the priority for each device as designed
„ Port Priority: parameter not relevant for EN100 module
„ Age Time/Hello Time: default value 2 seconds
„ Max Age Time: default value 20 seconds
„ Transmit Count: value can be set to 100, value should be higher
than the amount of switches
„ Forward Delay: default value 15 seconds
„ Edge Ports: parameter not relevant for EN100 module
„ Port Security: parameter not relevant for EN100 module
„ Far
Error Fault Indication: parameter not relevant for EN100
module (feature is always enabled in module)

05/2007 66
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of the station bus – Simple and


redundant configuration with electrical interface
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.
I4
Station controller with IEC 61850
DIGS
Time synchronization over
SNTP and SNMP management

switch
Singlemode/Multimode fiber
Ring physically closed
and locically open

Standby

Patch-
Patch-
cord

EN100
interface
electrical
device 2
fiber optic
electr.
device 3 device 4
device 1

Bay 1 Bay 2
05/2007 67
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of the station bus – Simple and


redundant configuration with optical interfaces
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple. Station controller with IEC 61850.
I4
DIGS Time synchronization with
SNTP and SNMP management
Wireless optional:
Lan mobile
access
Singlemode/Multimode fiber
Ring physically closed
and locically open

Standby
fiber
cord
EN100
interface
Optical

device 2 fiber optic


electr.
device 3 device 4
device 1
Bay 1 Bay 2 Bay 3
05/2007 68
Power Transmission and Distribution

Configuration of the station bus –


Optical ring with integrated switch
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Station controller with IEC 61850.


I4
DIGS Time synchronization with
SNTP and SNMP management
switch

Multimode fiber

EN100
Optical
interface with
ST-
ST- Integrated
connectors switch

fiber optic
device 1 device 2 device 3

Bay 1 Bay 2 Bay 3


05/2007 69
Power Transmission and Distribution

Optical module with integrated switch and


ring redundancy
Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Optical ring
with 27
devices / ring
(max. val)

just 2 external switches necessary

05/2007 70
Power Transmission and Distribution

IEC61850 – Substation hardened components


Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

EMC – lab in Straußberg near Berlin. Testing of a whole system under


heavy EMC – stress
05/2007 71
Power Transmission and Distribution

Power Automation
Progress. It‘s that simple.

Thank you very much for your attention.

05/2007 72