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1. 1948 Cicero, Not to know what took place before you were born is to remain
forever a child
2. 1949 Philosophy of History
3. 1950 W.H. Walsh make men aware of the character of their own time by
seeing it in comparison and contrast with another
4. 1951 Langlois and Seignobos it familiarizes us with variation in social forms
and cures us of a morbid dread of change
5. 1952 Edward Gibbon, Wars, and the administration of public affairs are the
principal subjects of history
6. 1953 Voltaire, Woe to details, they are a sort of vermin that destroys big
7. 1954 Ranke, the task of the historian was simply to show how it really was
(wie es eigentlich gewesen)
8. 1955 Housman, accuracy is a duty, not a virtue.
9. 1956 Barraclough, The history we read though based on facts, is, strictly
speaking, not factual at all, but a series of accepted judgments.
10.1957 Acton, the requirements pressing on the historian threaten to turn him
from a man of letters into the compiler of an encyclopaedia.
11.1958 Croce, The practical requirements which underlie every historical
judgement give to all history the character of contemporary history.
12.1959 Carl Becker, the facts of history do not exist for any historian till he
creates them.
13.1960 Collingwood, The philosophy of history is concerned neither with the
past by itself nor with the historians thought about it by itself, but with the
two things in their mutual relations.
14.1961 Oakeshott, History is the historians experience. It is made by
nobody save the historian: to write history is the only way of making it
15.1962 Sir George Clark, there is no objective historical truth.
16.1963 Bury described history as a science, no more and no less.
17.1964 Butterfield, For the historian the only absolute is change.
18.1965 Namier, He says historians imagine the past and remember the future.
19.1966 Burckhardt, History is the break with nature caused by the awakening
20.1967 Tolstoy, historical personages are the products of their time, emerging
from the connection between contemporary and preceding events.
21.1968 History is biography
22.1969 Freeman History is past politics, and politics is present history.
23.1970 The great change had taken place around 1850, when history ceased,
both for the historians and the public, to be a branch of literature
24.1971 Trevelyan said History provides a basic training in citizenship
25.1972 Bloch, We have called history the science of men. It is necessary to
add: of men in time.
26.1973 Collingwood, All history is the history of thought.
27.1974 The dialectic was taken over by Marx, though, as he put it, turned upside-down so as to apply to material developments not ideas
28.1975 The materialist interpretation of history
29.1976 Taylor it is no part of the historians duty to say what ought to have
been done. His whole duty is to find out what was done and why.

30.1977 Contribution of Eric Hobsbawm to the understanding of history

31.1978 Thapar, James Mills periodization of Indian history has resulted in a
distorting of Indian history and has frequently thwarted the search for causes
of historical change other than those linked to a superficial assessment of
32.1979 Thapar, The various phases of Orientalism tended to mould European
understanding of the Indian past into a particular pattern.
33.1980 Thapar, Nationalist historians tended to endorse the more favorable
views from colonial readings of the early past, but criticized the unfavorable.
34.1981 A.L. Basham was an Indologist who introduced cultural history
35.1982 D.D. Kosambi and paradigm shift in writing of Indian history
36.1983 Impact of Marxist and Annales School on historical studies.
37.1984 History is never neutral - never above the battle.
38.1985 What is history? or What is history for?
39.1986 What is the role of historical knowledge in society?
40.1987 The past is both a stake in current struggles and an essential factor in
the political relationship of forces
41.1988 Jean Chesneaux, If we define history as an active, collective
relationship to the past, historical deliberation can only be active and
42.1989 Jean Chesneaux, But history is much too important a matter to be left
to the historian.
43.1990 Marx, History does nothing, it possesses no colossal riches, it fights no
fights. It is rather man, real, living man who acts, possesses and fights....
44.1991 Le Monde, When the present is hard to bear, ancestors are always
45.1992 J. Burckhardt, History is The record of what one age finds worthy of
note in another.
46.1993 Leandre Bergeron, The repossession of our history is the first step
toward the repossession of ourselves, a precondition for the repossession of
our future.
47.1994 Jean Chesneaux, for Marxism, it is the past that is governed by the
present and not the other way around.
48.1995 Dionysius, History is philosophy teaching by examples.
49.1996 Myth-making about the past, however, desirable the end it may serve,
is incompatible with learning from the past.
50.1997 Engels, According to the materialistic conception of history, the
ultimately determining element in history is the production and reproduction
of real life.
51.1998 John Tosh, Oral history is not a new branch of history but a new
technique - a means of bringing into play new sources to be evaluated
alongside written sources and material remains.
52.1999 Eric Hobsbawm, relativism will not do in history any more than in law
53.2000 Francis Fukuyama, I argued that liberal democracy may constitute the
end point of mankinds ideological evolution and the final form of human
government, and as such constituted the end of history.
54.2001 Kosambi, history is defined as the presentation, in chronological order,
of successive developments in the means and relations of production.

55.2002 Thapar, Imagined Religious Communities? Ancient History and the

Modern Search for a Hindu Identity
56.2003 The itihasa-purana tradition a form of historical consciousness?
57.2004 The Maratha Polity: Its nature and development
58.2005 Society, Culture and the State in Medieval India
59.2006 Mughal-Rajput relations
60.2007 The historical background to the rise of the bhakti movement in
northern India
61.2008 Economic and social basis of tantrism
62.2009 Changes in social structure in Early Medieval India
63.2010 Urbanisation in the Indus Valley in comparison with urbanisation in the
Gangetic region
64.2011 Significance of Maurya Rule
65.2012 The beginning of history in the south
66.2013 Brahmanisation and Peasant Protest in the Deccan and South India
67.2014 Trade and growth of cities in post Maurya period
68.2015 Was there Feudalism in Indian History?
69.2016 The Segmentary State
70.2017 Tribalism to Feudalism in Assam
71.2018 Bhakti movement in South India
72.2019 Myth of the Golden Age?
73.2020 Akbar and Aurangzeb - a study in contrast?
74.2021 Feminism and the writing of history
75.2022 Caste, State and Gender Hierarchy in the Post-vedic period
76.2023 Coming of Christianity to the Indian subcontinent
77.2024 Did Islam come to the Indian subcontinent by the sword?
78.2025 Spread of the Vedic-brahmanical religion from the Indo-gangetic valley
to the rest of the subcontinent
79.2026 How did Buddhism die in the Indian subcontinent, the land of its origin?
80.2027 The religious conflicts of the Early medieval period and spread of
Vaishnavism and Saivism
81.1824 Semi-pastoral economy of the vedic people
82.1872 Travellers from outside the subcontinent in pre Mughal period
83.1907 The Aryan-Dravidian conflict?
84.1931 Rise and growth of Buddhism and Jainism
85.1871 E.H. Carr, it is a continuous process of interaction between the historian
and his facts and an unending dialogue between the present and the past
86.1873 E.H. Carr I should rather have called it a dialogue between the events
of the past progressively emerging future ends.
87.1881 Indian Historiography
88.1887 Nature of the Chola polity
89.1892 The battle for the Krishna Tungabhadra region
90.1905 Contributions of Romila Thapar as an historian
91.1924 Relevance of the study of history
92.1933 The Economic Policies of the Mughals
93.1943 What is a historical fact?
94.1946 Indo-Greek relations in the Ancient period
95.1757 Raja Dharma - King made law or duties of the king?
96.1794 Dharmasastras as sources of law
97.1798 Early history of Nepal

98.1844 Origin and development of Untouchability

99.1860 The Portuguese in India
100. 1809 The Vijayanagara Kingdom
101. 1835 The Bahmani kingdoms
102. 1746 The Chalukya-Pallava conflict
103. 1709 Collingwoods idea of history.
Kindly consult the course teacher after gathering a little bit of information regarding
your topic and before you commence serious research. If you want to submit a
rough draft do so a week before project submission. The project should be between
4000-5000 words including footnotes and all.
Elizabeth V.S.