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Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Otelul cu bor care poate fi calit din clasele B 13S, B 24 si B 27 poate fi calit prin intermediul tratamentului cu caldura.
Proprietatilemecanicealeoteluluicalitcuborilfacextremderezistentlauzuracauzatadeabraziunesiutilmaialespentru
aplicatiile profilate de rezistenta ridicata, marind durata de viata a structurilor si economisind costurile referitoare la
abraziunesimediulinconjurator.
Livratinstarelaminatalacaldculungimidetaieresiplacigroase.Serviciileprefabricatedisponibilepentruotelurilecubor
sunttaierea,indoirea,fatetareapentrusudare.
Aplicatii:
Placaresipiesedeschimbpentruutilajesiechipamente
Marginileplacilor
Lamesilanturi
Unelte
Transportoareelicoidale
Placiuzate
Lameleventilatorului

Informatiiledinwebsitetulnostrusuntcorecteinconformitatecupracticilesicunostintelenoastre.Comapanianuisiasumaniciunprejudiciu
cauzatdirectsauindirectcarezultataunoreroriinaplicatiiledinacestsitesaudininformatiilepublicate.Oricum,facemeforturisustinutesi
continuedeaaiguraoacuratetecatmaibunaainformatiilorprezentatesideaceeanerezervamdreptuldeafacemodificari.
Copyright2015SSABoritsaffiliates.AllRightsReserved.

Documentprintedon14.09.2015

www.ruukki.ro

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Dimensiuni
Formaprodusului
LungimidetaiereLivratinstarelaminatasauinstaredecapata.Inplus,bobinelesibenziletaiatepotfilivratedacase
specificaseparat.
PlacigroaseLivratinstarelaminatasauinstareaincareseaflalaparasireaatelierului.

Lungimidetaierecumarginicuimperfectiuni.
Clasedeotel

Grosimemm

Latimemm

Lungimem

B13S,B24,B27

2.513

10001860

212

Latimeamaximaafiecareiclasedeoteldepindedegrosime.

Placigroase
Clasedeotel

Grosimemm

Latimemm

Lungimem

B13S

514

19013300

215

B24

860

19013300

215

B27

680

19013300

215

Latimeamaximasiminima,precumsilungimeamaximapentrufiecareclasadeoteldepinddegrosimeaplacii.

Tolerante
Tolerantedimensionalesideforma:
Lungimidetaiere:EN10051
Placigroase:EN10029,ClasaA

Calitateasuprafetei
Produsedinplaci:EN101632ClasaA3.Suduradeconditionarenuesteutilizatainproducereaotelurilorcubor.
Lungimiledetaieresuntlivrateinstarelaminatasaudecapatasiunsa.
Placilesuntlivrateinstarelaminatasauinstareaincareseaflalaparasireaatelierului.

Proprietati
Numerele13,24si27dindenumiresereferalacontinutulmediudecarbondinasutapartedintrunprocentdinaceste
clase. Proprietatile excelente de tratament cu caldura fac otelul cu bor un material profilat ecologic pentru o serie de
aplicatii.

Testareamaterialelor
Proprietatilemecanicealeotelurilorcubornusunttestate.

Proprietatimecanicetipice
Clasedeotel

Limitalacurgere
ReHMPa

Rezistentalaintindere
RmMPa

Alungirea
A 5%

DuritateHBW

B13S

aprox.450

aprox.570

25

aprox.160

B24

aprox.400

aprox.600

25

aprox.160

B27

aprox.420

aprox.620

22

aprox.170

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Compozitiachimicasimicrostructura
Microstructura tipica in stare laminata la cald este feriticaperlitica. Borul (in medie 0.002%) si carbonul sunt aliaje care
contribuieinmarepartelacapacitateabunadecaliresilaproprietatiletratamentuluicucalduraaleotelurilorcubor.

Continut%(analizaasarjei)

Clasedeotel

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

B13S1)

0.13

0.25

0.80

0.9

0.25

0.002

B24

0.24

0.25

1.20

0.3

0.002

B27

0.27

0.25

1.20

0.3

0.002

Aluminiul(Al)si/sautitanul(Ti)suntutilizatecamicroaliajepentruimbinareanitrogenului(N).
1)PentrulungimiledetaiereC=0.14Si=0.20Mn=1.10Cr=0.8siB=0.002.

Carbonechivalent(CEV),valoritipicepentrufiecarevariatiedegrosimesiformaaprodusului
CEV=C+Mn/6+(Cr+Mo+V)/5+(Ni+Cu)/15
Clasedeotel

Grosimemm

CEV

Produs

B13S

2.513

0.51

Lungimedetaiere

B24

2.513

0.51

Lungimedetaiere

B24

860

0.51

Placa

B27

2.513

0.54

Lungimedetaiere

B27

680

0.54

Placa

Pentruaoptimizaproceduradesudare,valorilecarbonuluiechivalentspecificesarjeisuntindicateindocumentuldeinspectie.

Serviciideprefabricatie
Planurilelargialeplaciisifasiei
Planurilelargialeplaciisifasieisuntexactedinpunctdevederedimensionalsigatadeasamblare.Planurilelargimaresc
procesuldeproductiealstructurilordeotelsievitautilizareainutiladematerial.

Formeplatetaiate
Formeleplatetaiatesevormicsoraintimpulinstalarii.Clientulvaprimicomponentelegatadeinstalare.Astfel,potfievitate
costurileinutilepentrumaterialesidepozitare.Dacasespecificalaplasareacomenzii,produselesuntlivrateasacumies
dinatelier,oblicesiindoite.

Fatetare
Lungimiledetaieredepreciziesiplaciletaiatedepreciziecumarginifatetatesuntcomponentecarepotfilivratedirectla
loculdeinstalare,lucrucareeconomisestetimpsireducecosturiledetransportsidedepozitare.anturilededimensiuni
exacteasigurasuduraautomataneintreruptasimontaj.

Produseindoitedinplacadeotel
Produsele indoite din placa de otel sunt componente care sunt gata sa fie livrate la locul de instalare, lucru benefic din
punct de vedere al programului, precum si al costurilor de transport si depozitare. Daca este necesar, produsele pot fi
comandate in starea la iesire din atelier, dotate cu fatete de sudare si taiate in forme. Premarcarea pieselor de instalat
faciliteazainstalarea.

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Processinginstructions
Welding
Boron steels can be welded in the hotrolled or hardened condition. When choosing the welding consumables, the most
importantfactoriswhetherthesteelistobeweldedbeforeorafterhardening.Inallcases,theuseoflowhydrogen,basic
fillermaterialsisrecommended,inordertoensurethatthelevelofdetrimentalhydrogenremainslow.Thesurfacesofthe
weldgroovemustbedryandclean.Inaddition,therecommendationsofthemanufacturermustbeadheredtoregarding
thestorage,useandpossibleredryingoftheconsumables.
Weldingbeforehardening
The normal instructions for the welding of highstrength steels also apply in the welding of boron steels in the hotrolled
condition.Thebestresultisobtainedusinglowhydrogenweldingconsumablesandmethods.Thebestresultisobtained
whentheweldmetalhydrogencontentHDisamaximumof5ml/100g(ENISO3690).
Carbonequivalent(CEV),typicalvaluesforeachthicknessrangeandproductform
CEV=C+Mn/6+(Cr+Mo+V)/5+(Ni+Cu)/15
Steelgrade

Thicknessmm

CEV

Product

B13S

2.513

0.51

Cutlength

B24

2.513

0.51

Cutlength

B24

860

0.51

Plate

B27

2.513

0.54

Cutlength

B27

680

0.54

Plate

RecommendedworkingtemperaturesforweldingofhotrolledboronsteelsC(EN10112)

The advantages of common lowalloy welding consumables compared to the highalloyed and highstrength welding
consumablesaretheir lowerhardenability, reducedneedforpreheating andlowerprice. When hardened, theweldmetal
produced using normal filler materials is almost as hard as if using highstrength filler materials, but the depth of the
hardeningsmaller.Highalloyedconsumablesmustbeusedwhenadeephardenableweldmetalisrequired,orwhenwear

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

resistanceisrequiredfromthefillermaterialintheweldedcondition.Theuseofhighalloyedconsumablescanusuallybe
limitedtothesurfacelayers.Thewearofsoftfillermaterialsmaybereducedbythelocationoftheweld.
Weldingafterhardening
The welding instructions given for Raex abrasion resistant steels in the Raex datasheet can be used in the welding of
hardenedboronsteels.Raex400canbeusedforhardenedB13SandhardenedB24andRaex500forhardenedB27.
Whenweldingboronsteelsinthehardenedcondition,anarrowbandofmaterialsofterthanthebasematerialiscreatedin
theheataffectedzone.Thewidthandhardnessofthisbanddependsontheweldingenergyandthethicknessoftheplate.
Thesofterbandinweldsmadeusingmediumenergylevelsdoesnotusuallyaffectthedurabilityoftheweld.Lowhydrogen,
basicconsumablesmustbeusedinordertoensurethatthelevelofdetrimentalhydrogenremainslow.Structureswelded
afterhardeningarenotusuallysubjectedtofurtherheattreatmentasthismayweakentheabrasionresistanceofhardened
steelcomponents.
Downloadinformationaboutweldinghotrolledsteels

Heattreatment,hardeningandtempering
Thanks to their specific alloying, boron steels have a variety of metallurgical properties that can be utilised in hardening.
Hardeningisaheattreatmentprocessthatconsistsofheating,holdingandrapidcooling.Thesteelisheatedinorderto
changetheferriticperliticmicrostructuretofullyaustenitic.Holdingtimeshouldbeappropriateforsteelthicknesstoobtain
homogenous temperature. Austenitization temperature for these steels is close to 910 930C. Rapid cooling from
austenitization temperature is called quenching. The purpose of quenching is to obtain a martensitic microstructure.
Hardenedboronsteelsarehard,strongandwearresistantstructuralmaterials.
In certain applications, hardened steel as such is only an intermediate product. The manufacture of such applications
includes further tempering. Hardening and tempering can also be jointly called temper hardening (quenching+tempering),
which is carried out in order to turn the martensitic microstructure into tempered martensite with good tensile strength
properties.Mainpurposeoftemperingistoreleaseheatandstructuralstressesthatappearedduringquenching.Tempering
makes steel slightly softer the degree of softness depends on the tempering temperature, which is the most important
parameteraffectingthemechanicalpropertiesofsteel.A temperedhardenedsteelproducthasthedesiredcombinationof
tensilestrength,hardnessandstrength.Thehardnesstemperingcurveisanessentialtoolinthemetallurgicalutilisationof
boronsteels.
As indicated in the figure below, tempering at a temperature of 500 600C clearly improves impact strength and
elongationatbreak,whereastensilestrength,yieldstrengthandhardnessarelowerthanthoseofonlyquenched.
TypicalhardnesstemperingcurvesforthehardenedsteelgradesB13S,B24andB27attheannealing
temperatureof920C

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Typicalmechanicalpropertiesachievedinhardeningboronsteelswhenquenchedinthetwomostcommonmedia,
oilandwater
Steel
grade

Heattreatment
condition

Yield
strength
ReN/mm2

Tensile
strength
RmN/mm2

Elongation Hardness Impactstrength


A 5%
HBW
KV
tCKV
J

B13S

Hardened,

Oil

750

950

14

300

notempering

Water 900

1200

10

370

40

50

B24

Hardened,

Oil

1250

10

340

notempering

Water 1100

1500

430

40

20

B27

Hardened,

Oil

1000

1250

380

notempering

Water 1200

1600

460

40

20

850

Thevaluesgiveninthetableareaveragesatroomtemperature.Hardeningtemperatureused920C.

Note:Hardeningresultspresentedinthetableaboveandonthiswebpageonlygivegeneralinstructionsforthehardening
andotherheattreatmentofboronsteels.ThoseusinghardeningandthermallytreatingRuukkiboronsteelsarespecialists
in their own respective fields. Customers can obtain the desired microstructure and mechanical properties for their
hardened steel products by means of productspecific selection of tempering parameters. Expertise in ones own heat
treatmentprocesscreatesastrongbasisforthecompetitivenessandcommercialsuccessofourcustomersproducts.

Forming
The boron steel B 13S and B 24 grades in hotrolled and hardened condition can be cold formed at room temperature
(+20C)undernormalengineeringshopconditionsuptothethicknessof20mm.TheB27gradecanbeformedintheas
rolledcondition.Boronsteelinthehotrolledconditionismoreformablethanhardenedboronsteel,becauseitrequiresless
bendingforce.Theminimumbendingradiiforboronsteelsandrecommendationsforhotrolledandhardenedsteelshave
beenlistedinthetable.
Coldformabilityintheasrolledconditionandashardened,usingeitherwateroroilquenching

Thickness(mm)

2.5
5

Heattreatment
condition

Thesmallestallowableinsidebendingradius(mm)

B
13S

Hotrolled

10

18

21

24

30

48

Oilhardened

15

18

21

24

30

Waterhardened

20

24

28

32

B24

Hotrolled

15

24

28

Oilhardened

20

30

Waterhardened

25

B27 Hotrolled

(5)
6

(6)
7

(7)
8

(8)
10

(10)
12

(12)
14

(14)
16

(16)
18

(18)
20

48

40

60

32

40

60

70

80

90

100

35

40

50

72

84

96

108

120

36

42

48

60

96

112

128

144

160

20

30

35

40

50

72

84

96

108

120

Oilhardened

Waterhardened

Flangingirrespectiveofrollingdirection.ItisrecommendedtocontactRuukki'sTechnicalCustomerServicepriortocoldformingofover20mmthickplates
andhardenedsteelgradeB27.

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

Platesthickerthan20mmmustbepreheatedtherecommendedformingtemperatureis150200C.Preheatingimproves
the deformation properties of the plate and guarantees successful bending. Special care must always be taken when
formingthickorhardenedplates.
Highqualitytechnologyshouldbeusedforforming,aswearoftools,insufficientlubrication,surfacedefectsonplatesand
burrs in cut edges will impair forming quality. A basic requirement for successful flanging and bending is that, prior to
commencingwork,aplatethathasbeenstoredinacoldatmosphereisallowedtowarmupthoroughlytoroomtemperature
(+20C).

Flamecutting
Specialcaremustbetakenintheflamecuttingofboronsteelsparticularlysowhencuttinghardenedand/orthickplates.
Prior to commencing work, a plate that has been stored in a cold atmosphere is allowed to warm up thoroughly to room
temperature(+20C).Excessivehardeningcanbepreventedbymeansofpreheatingtoraisetheworkingtemperature.Itis
recommendedtoraisetheworkingtemperaturewhentheplatethicknessisover10mmorwhencuttingsteelgradesB24
or B 27.The table gives the working temperatures recommended for hardened boron steels and boron steels in the hot
rolled condition. Steel grade B 13S does not require preheating even in the hardened condition, thanks to its low carbon
equivalentvaluesandsmallplatethicknesses.
RecommendedworkingtemperaturesBoronsteelsinhotrolledconditionorhardenedboronsteels
Steelgrade

Thicknessmm

WorkingtemperatureC

B24

1030

5075

B24

(30)60

75125

B27

1080

125175

B13Sdoesnot,eveninthehardenedcondition,requirepreheatingundernormalconditions.

Whenflamecuttinghardenedboronsteels,thehardnessoftheplatesdecreasesinareaswherethetemperatureexceeds
+200C. Softening is highlighted in the flame cutting of small components. In order to prevent excessive hardening, the
cooling of the cut area must not be accelerated externally on the contrary, the process should be slowed down, if
necessary,bycoveringtheplatewith,forexample,mineralwool.

Mechanicalcutting
Inthehotrolledconditionboronsteelscanbemechanicallycutinthesamewayasstructuralsteelsofthesamestrength
grade, although the wear on cutting blades may be slightly greater. The mechanical cutting of hardened boron steels is
challenging,asthehardnessofthesteelapproachesthatofthecuttingblades.B13SandB24canbecutusingheavy,
robust machines.The mechanical cutting of B 27 is recommended only with reservation, and then only for plates whose
thicknessislessthan10mm.Thehardnessofthecuttingbladesmustbegreaterthan53HRC.Mechanicalcuttingofsmall
componentsmustbeavoided.

Machining
Boronsteelsinthehotrolledconditioncanbemachinedinthesamewayasstructuralsteelsofthecorrespondingstrength
grade.Robustmachineryandhardmetalbitsarerecommendedforthemachiningofhardenedboronsteels.Boronsteel
platescanbedrilledwithhighspeedsteelbitsifthebitgeometryandcuttingfluidarecorrectlychosen.
Furtherinformationonprocessinginthermalcuttingandflamestraighteningdatasheetandinmechanicalcuttingdatasheet.

Occupationalsafety
Specialcaremustbetakeninallstagesofhandlingandworkshopprocessingofboronsteels.Safeworkingmethodsare
particularlyimportantinbending,flangingandcutting.Thehandlinginstructionsofthesteelsupplierandsafetyinstructions
oftheworkshopmustbeadheredtoindetail.Newemployeesmustreceiveappropriatetrainingbeforetheyareallowedto
processboronsteels.

Otelcuborcarepoateficalit

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10204. Informatii generale de livrare pot fi gasite in documentele Marcaje si ambalare , Testare ultrasonica sau Conditii
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