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Situation Update of Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia 26 April 2012 Regional
Situation Update of
Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships
in Asia
26 April 2012
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
ScopeScopeScope MethodologyMethodology adoptedadopted inin classificationclassification ofof incidentsincidents
ScopeScopeScope
MethodologyMethodology
adoptedadopted
inin
classificationclassification
ofof
incidentsincidents
SituationSituation updateupdate
AnalysisAnalysis byby locationlocation
CaseCase studiesstudies
ConclusionConclusion
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
ClassificationClassificationClassification ofofof IncidentsIncidentsIncidents Formulate a matrix based on relevance of
ClassificationClassificationClassification ofofof IncidentsIncidentsIncidents
Formulate a matrix based on relevance of factors and impact towards overall
significance of an incident
Indicators of the two factors:
Violence Factor (V-factor)
Type of weapon
Treatment of crew
Number of pirates/robbers
Economic Factor (E-factor)
Type of item stolen
Overall significance level
Broadly, the 4 Categories encompass:
CAT 1: kidnapping, hijacking, death/missing of crew
CAT 2: pirates/robbers were armed, crew was threatened/assaulted, cash
taken
CAT 3: pirates/robbers armed with knives, mostly used to cut and remove
items onboard ships
Petty theft: not armed and crew not harmed
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
SituationSituation UpdateUpdate Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
SituationSituation UpdateUpdate
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
SituationSituationSituation UpdateUpdateUpdate (Jan(Jan(Jan-Mar--MarMar ofofof 200820082008-2012)--2012)2012)
SituationSituationSituation UpdateUpdateUpdate (Jan(Jan(Jan-Mar--MarMar ofofof 200820082008-2012)--2012)2012)
Improvement
in
Jan-Mar
2012
compared to Jan-Mar 2011, but still
higher than 2008-2010
Attempted incidents (10 3)
Actual incidents (38 35)
Relatively less violence compared
to past four years
No incident of piracy
No CAT 1 incident
CAT 2 and Petty Theft stable for
past two years (Jan-Mar of 2011-
2012)
CAT 3 stable for past three years
(Jan-Mar of 2010-2012)
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
PatternsPatternsPatterns andandand TrendsTrendsTrends (Jan(Jan(Jan-Mar--MarMar 2012)2012)2012) Vessels underway
PatternsPatternsPatterns andandand TrendsTrendsTrends (Jan(Jan(Jan-Mar--MarMar 2012)2012)2012)
Vessels underway
Improvement in the South China
Sea and Straits of Malacca &
Singapore
Vessels at anchor/berth
Increase
in
the
number
of
incidents at ports and anchorages
in Indonesia
Half
of
total
number
of
incidents occurred in Indonesia
Improvement
at
ports
and
anchorages in Malaysia
No
CAT
1
Incident
reported
during this quarter
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
AnalysisAnalysis byby locationlocation Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships
AnalysisAnalysis byby locationlocation
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
StraitsStraits ofof MalaccaMalacca andand SingaporeSingapore (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012) Improvement
StraitsStraits ofof MalaccaMalacca andand SingaporeSingapore
(Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012)
Improvement during Jan-Mar 2012
compared to same period in 2011
10 4
All 4 incidents involved tug boats
Improvement
occurred
in
the
Phillip
Channel
and
off
Pulau
Karimun region
Possible reasons:
Increase in surveillance and joint
coordinated patrols by the littoral
States
Legend
CAT 1
CAT 2
CAT 3
Petty Theft
Attempted
Jan-Mar 2008 (2)
¤ 0
¤ 0
¤ 0
¤ 0
¤ 2
Better situation awareness among
+ 1
+ 1
Jan-Mar 2009 (2)
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
Jan-Mar 2010 (1)
0
0
0
0
1
seafarers and authorities
Jan-Mar 2011 (10)
X 0
X 4
X 1
X 4
X 1
Jan-Mar 2012 (4)
* 0
Sharing
of
anti-piracy
guidelines
* 4
* 0
* 0
* 0
with tug boat and barge owners
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
MalaysiaMalaysia (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012) Legend CAT 1 CAT 2 CAT 3 Petty Theft Attempted Jan-Mar
MalaysiaMalaysia (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012)
Legend
CAT 1
CAT 2
CAT 3
Petty Theft
Attempted
Jan-Mar 2008 (1)
¤ 0
¤ 0
¤ 0
¤ 1
¤ 0
+ 0
+ 0
Jan-Mar 2009 (1)
+ 0
+ 1
0
+ Improvement
during
Jan-Mar
2012
Jan-Mar 2010 (4)
1
0
3
0
0
Jan-Mar 2011 (7)
X 1
X 5
X 0
X 1
X compared to same period in 2011
0
Jan-Mar 2012 (1)
* 0
* 0
* 1
* 0
0
* 7 1
Improvement off Tanjung Ayam
Pulau Tioman
X
No incidents compared to four incidents
during Jan-Mar 2011
Possible reasons:
Malaysia
Increase in surveillance and enhanced
presence of Malaysian authorities
Deterrence
effects
due
to
successful
apprehension of
robbers/recovery
of
hijacked vessel by MMEA:
X X
X
X
+
Front Queen (9 Mar 11)
Sky Jupiter (19 Sep 11)
Nautical Johor Bahru (27 Oct 11)
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
▼ ▼
SouthSouth ChinaChina SeaSea (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012) Legend CAT 1 CAT 2 CAT 3 Petty Theft
SouthSouth ChinaChina SeaSea (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012)
Legend
CAT 1
CAT 2
CAT 3
Petty Theft
Attempted
¤ 0
Jan-Mar 2008 (1)
¤ 0
¤
0
¤ 0
¤ 1
+ 0
+ 1
+
Jan-Mar 2009 (1)
0
+ 0
+ 0
Improvement
during
Jan-Mar
Jan-Mar 2010 (1)
0
1
0
0
0
Jan-Mar 2011 (6)
X 0
X 1
X
0
X 0
X 5
Jan-Mar 2012 (0)
* 0
* 0
*
0
* 0
* 0
2012 compared to same period
in 2011
Vietnam
X
6 0
Improvement
in
situation
off
Pulau Anambas
No incident in 2012 compared
to three in 2011
¤
Possible reasons:
Pulau
Malaysia
Natuna
Pulau
Increase
in
patrol
and
Anambas
surveillance by littoral States
X X
Sumatra
+ X
X
Better
situation
awareness
X
among seafarers and authorities
Kalimantan
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
IndonesiaIndonesia (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012) Highest number of incidents during Jan-Mar 2012 compared
IndonesiaIndonesia (Jan(Jan--MarMar ofof 20082008--2012)2012)
Highest number of incidents
during Jan-Mar 2012
compared to same period in
past four years
4 1 9 6 17
Majority are CAT 3 and petty
theft incidents
Increase in significance level
of incidents
Four CAT 2 incidents reported
during Jan-Mar 2012
compared to only one CAT 2
incident reported for past four
years
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
CaseCase StudyStudy RecoveryRecovery ofof HijackedHijacked vessels:vessels: TugTug boat,boat, SinSin HinHin 55
CaseCase StudyStudy
RecoveryRecovery ofof HijackedHijacked vessels:vessels:
TugTug boat,boat, SinSin HinHin 55
towingtowing barge,barge, SinSin HinHin 66
2828 DecDec 20112011
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66 On 23 Dec 11, vessels departed
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66
On 23 Dec 11, vessels departed Port Klang,
Malaysia for Bintulu, Malaysia
Sumatra
23 Dec 11 at 1400 hrs
Vessels anchored at Tanjung Ayam on 25
Dec 11 due to rough sea conditions
Port Klang
Vessels departed for
Bintulu, Malaysia
28 Dec 11 at 0140 hrs
Vessels departed Tanjung Ayam on 28 Dec
MALAYSIA
Vessels departed
Tanjung Ayam
11
25 Dec 11 at 1800 hrs
Owner tried to contact master on 28 Dec 11
but could not establish communications
Vessels anchored at
Tanjung Ayam
Scheduled
Tanjung
Route
Ayam
Tug boat was observed to be heading
towards Indonesia at about 1800 hrs
On
29
Dec
11
at
or
about
0700
hrs,
confirmed
Sin
Hin
5
was
along
the
28 Dec 11 at 1800 hrs
Kalimantan Strait
Vessels heading
towards Indonesia
Comms with the master still could not be
established. Last contact on 27 Dec 11
Owner reported to ReCAAP ISC that Sin Hin
5 towing barge, Sin Hin 6 was suspected to
have been hijacked
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66 ReCAAP ISC informed the ReCAAP Focal
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66
ReCAAP ISC informed the ReCAAP Focal Points,
IFC, BAKORKAMLA, Indonesian Marine Police,
TNI-AL and MMEA
Between 29-30 Dec 11, company continued to
share information with ReCAAP ISC on the
movement of the tug boat
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66 On 31 Dec 11, Sin Hin
HijackHijack ofof SinSin HinHin 55 towingtowing SinSin HinHin 66
On 31 Dec 11, Sin Hin 5 and its crew were found and
rescued by the Indonesian Navy off Pulau Belintung,
Indonesia
On 1 Jan 12, an Indonesian aircraft and three warships
found Sin Hin 6 in the area
Owner recovered the vessels
Vessel was renamed Golden I
Owner attributed the quick recovery of the hijacked
vessels to timely information sharing and operational
cooperation among ReCAAP ISC, Focal Points,
Malaysia, Indonesia and its stakeholders
Owner
shared his experience at ReCAAP ISC Nautical
Forum 3/12
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
CaseCase StudyStudy ApprehensionApprehension ofof robbersrobbers andand recoveryrecovery ofof stolenstolen items:items:
CaseCase StudyStudy
ApprehensionApprehension ofof robbersrobbers andand
recoveryrecovery ofof stolenstolen items:items:
OXLOXL LotusLotus onon 2222 JanJan 20122012
AndakiniAndakini onon 2222 MarMar 20122012
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
Anchorage ‘A’ Incidents at Chittagong Anchorage, Bangladesh Vessels were anchored at Chittagong Anchorage
Anchorage
‘A’
Incidents at Chittagong Anchorage, Bangladesh
Vessels
were
anchored
at
Chittagong
Anchorage
Chittagong
OXL Lotus on 22 Jan 12
Andakini on 22 Mar 12
Anadakini
22 Mar 12
0003 hrs
In both incidents,
Anchorage ‘B’
Robbers boarded and stole mooring ropes from the
vessels
Master reported incident to Chittagong Port
Authority, who informed the Bangladesh Coast
Guard
Bangladesh Coast Guard deployed one speed boat
to location
Karnaphuli
River
OXL Lotus
22 Jan 12
2215 hrs
Bangladesh Coast Guard apprehended three
robbers and recovered items
Timely reporting by master resulted in
apprehension of robbers and the recovery of
stolen items
Anchorage ‘C’
17
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
ConclusionConclusion Decrease in incidents … due to under-reporting, or true reflection of situation? Improvement
ConclusionConclusion
Decrease in incidents … due to under-reporting, or true reflection of
situation?
Improvement in Malaysia, South China Sea and
Straits of Malacca and Singapore
Littoral
States continue
enhance
surveillance
and
maintain presence
Seafarers
observe
BMPs
and
maintain
situation
awareness
Published poster on ‘Guidelines for Tug Boats
and Barges’
Need for enforcement at ports and anchorages of Indonesia
Timely reporting of incidents to authorities resulted in:
Recovery of hijacked vessels (Sin Hin 5 and Sin Hin 6)
Apprehension of robbers and recovery of stolen items (Andakini and
OXL Lotus)
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
http://www.recaap.org Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia
http://www.recaap.org
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia