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Chapter 1 Vocabulary List

Please familiarize yourself with the vocabulary words and phrases from this list. You
should be prepared to talk about them during your oral review. These words may
appear on your module exam.

1. Composition of two functions- assigns to each element x in the set A exactly one

element y in the set B


For each value in the Domain, there is only one corresponding value in the
Range.
All elements in the Domain must be used.
More than one value in the Domain can be matched with the same value in the
Range.
2. Domain- all the valid values for the expression that defines the function
3. Even- A function whose graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis is an even

function. A function f is even if, for each x in the domain of f, f(-x) = f(x).
4. Function- special relationship where each input has a single output. F(x)= 12

A function f from a set A to a set B is a rule of correspondence that assigns to


each element x in the set A exactly one element y in the set B.
5. Horizontal Line Test- The vertical line test is used to determine whether a graph

is the graph of a function.


6. Intervals of Decreasing- x1< x2 implies f(x1) > f(x2). X goes up y goes down
7. Intervals of Increasing x1< x2 x values are increasing
8. Inverse function- Two functions are inverse functions if, for the functions f and g,

f(g(x)) = x for every value of x in the domain of g, and g(f(x)) = x for every value
of x in the domain of f.
9. Odd- or each x in the domain of f, f(-x) = -f(x). Here if you replace x with -x and

then simplify, you will get the exact opposite of what you had to begin with.

10. One-to-one- very element of the range of the function corresponds to exactly one

element of the domain. O


11. Range- Set of outputs
12. Reflection- Another graph based on common graphs is called a reflection. A

reflection is the mirror image of a graph. A reflection is created by the negative


value of a function. For example, the reflection of the function
13. f(x) = x2 is f(x) = - x2
14. Relative Maximum- x1 < x < x2 implies f(a) greater than or equal to f(x).
15. Relative maximums look like local "high" points in the graph.
16. Relative Minimum- x1 < x < x2 implies f(a) less than or equal to f(x).

We see this as a "low" point in this interval.


17. Standard Viewing Window on the graphing calculator
18. Symmetry with respect to the origin- describes a graph that looks the same

upside down or right side up., unchanged


19. Symmetry with respect to the x-axis- left unchanged when reflected across the x
axis
20. Symmetry with respect to the y-axis- left unchanged when reflected across the
y-axis.
21. TRACE Feature
22. Vertical and Horizontal Shift

These transformations are created by adding a constant either to the entire


function or to the argument of the function
where c is the point that the graph will intersect the y-axis.

23. Vertical Line Test- The horizontal line test is used to determine if a function has

an inverse that is also a function. We seek to answer this question: is it possible


to draw a horizontal line that intersects the graph in two or more places? If so,
then the graph is not the graph of a function whose inverse is also a function.