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Infinitive and Gerund

Folosirea infinitivului si a gerunziului & Exemple


Sunt verbe in limba engleza care cer infinitivul iar altele care cer gerunziul. Iata mai jos modul in care verbele
limbii engleze se folosesc fie cu gerunziul, fie cu infinitivul.

1) Verbs which may take either infinitive or gerund:


(Verbe care folosesc fie infinitivul fie gerunziul )
advise, agree, allow, begin, can/could bear, cease, continue, forget, hate, intend,
like, love, mean, need, permit, prefer, propose, recommend, regret, remember,
require, start, stop, try, used to
o

verbs taking infinitive or gerund without changing meaning:


(verbe care folosesc infinitivul sa gerunziul fara sa-si modifice intelesul)
begin, start, continue, cease

I began working./ I began to work. (Am nceput s lucrez.)


He continued living/ to live above the shop. (A continuat s locuiasc deasupra magazinului.)
o

cant bear

I cant bear waiting./ to wait. (Nu suport s atept.)


o

intend

I intend selling it./ to sell it. (Intenionez s l vnd.)


o

advise, allow, permit, recommend

They dont allow us parking here./ to park here. (Nu ni se permite s parcm aici.)
o

it needs/requires/wants

The grass needs cutting./ to be cut. (Iarba trebuie tuns.)

2) Verbs which take only gerund:


(Verbe care folosesc numai gerunziul )
o

regret, remember, forget (when the action expressed by the gerund is the earlier action)

I regret spending so much money. (mi pare ru c am cheltuit atia bani.)


I remember reading about the earthquake in the newspapers. (mi amintesc c am citit de cutremur n ziare.)
Ill never forget waiting to find out the results. (Nu o s uit niciodat ateptarea rezultatelor.)
o

go on, stop

He went on to tell us about his new plans. (A continuat s ne spun despre planurile lui noi.)
I cant stop him talking to the press. (Nu pot s l opresc s nu vorbeasc cu presa.)
o admit, adore, appreciate, avoid, celebrate, commence, consider, contemplate, delay, deny, detest, dislike,
dread, endure, enjoy, face, fancy, finish, go, imagine, involve, keep, lie, loathe, mention, mind, miss, practice,
report. resent, resist, risk, postpone, stand, sit, suggest.

!!!

when regret, remember, forget themselves express the earlier action, they are followed by an infinitive:

I regret to say that you have failed your exam. (mi pare ru s te anun c ai picat examenul.)
I often forget to sign my cheques. (Adesea uit s semnez cecurile.)

3) Verbs which take only infinitive:


(Verbe care folosesc numai infinitivul)
o

agree (to), mean, propose, refuse (to)


Tom agreed to wait a week. (Tom a fost de acord s atepte o sptmn.)
I mean to get to the top by sunrise. (Vreau s ajung pn s rsr soarele.)
I propose to start tomorrow. (Mi-am propus s ncep mine.)

try, used to

They tried to put wire netting all round the garden. (Au ncercat s pun gard de srm n jurul
grdinii.)
I used to swim all the year around. (Obinuiam s not tot anul.)

o afford, aim, appear, arrange, ask, attempt, beg, care, choose, consent, dare, decide, demand, deserve,
expect, fail, fight, guarantee, happen, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, manage, neglect, offer, pause, plan,
prepare, pretend, promise, prove, swear, tend, threaten, undertake, volunteer, vow, wait, want, refuse, seem ,
wish, yearn.