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# CALCULATION OF MINIMUM LINE-UP DISTANCE CORRECTION

Technical Report

ORIGIN EIJ
REFERENCE
ISSUE 1.0

PROJECT

MPP

X3232RP1300843
DATE

21 Mar 2012

## Calculation of Minimum Line-Up Distance Correction

1. Introduction
Airbus takes the opportunity of the new A350 family introduction to propose an update of the
tables of Minimum Line-up Distance Corrections on Take-Off Distance Available (TODA) and
Accelerate-Stop Distance Available (ASDA) contained in Airbus manuals.
Methodology:
Three classic manoeuvres are considered:
1. 90 turn on runway entry
2. 180 turn on runway turn pad
3. 180 turn on a given runway width
Updated assumptions:
The updated calculations use more realistic and operational assumptions than in previous
version. The major updated assumptions are as follow:
1.

Standard runway width sets at 45m (instead of 60m) as defined in ICAO Annex 14.
A runway width of 30m is also considered for A320 family.
Note: recommendations contained in Annex 14 regarding the minimum clearance
between aircraft wheels and taxiway edges are taken into account and should be
met.

2.

Effective steering angles for A320 and A321 aircraft now take into account slippage
effect (instead of no slippage as previously)

3.

## Assumptions on thrust and braking application are changed to a more operational

scenario for tight turns i.e. use of asymmetric thrust and differential braking to initiate
the turn only.

4.

## Standard turnpad geometry as defined in ICAO Annex 14

5.

Standard FCOM procedure is applied to compute 180 turn on a given runway width

Results are available below and will be added in the updated Aircraft Characteristic for Airport
Planning (AC) manuals for all the Airbus aircraft.

Page 1 of 5

Technical Report

ORIGIN EIJ
REFERENCE
ISSUE 1.0

PROJECT

MPP

X3232RP1300843
DATE

21 Mar 2012

## 2. 90 turn on runway entry

This manoeuvre consists in a 90 turn at minimum turn radius starting with the Main Landing Gear
(MLG) edge at a distance M2 from taxiway edge, and finishing with the aircraft aligned on the
centreline of the runway. During the turn, M1 and M2 clearances must meet minimum value as
described in ICAO Annex 14.

## 90 turn on runway entry

Minimum line-up
distance correction

## 45m wide runway

(STANDARD WIDTH)
Minimum line-up
distance correction

Minimum line-up
distance correction

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
36 10,8 69 21,1
36 11,1 73 22,1
38 11,7 80 24,3
46 13,9 101 30,8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
41 12,6 97 29,5
63 19,3 125 38,0
57 17,3 107 32,5
74 22,5 147 44,7
65 19,7 137 41,9
80 24,2 163 49,6
69 21,2 153 46,5
70 21,5 147 44,7
61 18,6 137 41,8
73 22,2 156 47,6
67 20,5 151 45,9
80 24,5 172 52,5
110 33,6 219 66,8
69 20,9 150 45,8
84 25,7 178 54,3
106 32,2 212 64,7
94 28,6 192 58,5

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
62 19,0 146 44,4
73 22,1 164 50,1
67 20,5 176 53,7
Same as 45m
72 21,8 166 50,5
72 21,9 179 54,4
75 22,8 173 52,7

Max steering
Aircraft model
angle
(degree)
A318
A319
A320
A321
A300
A310
A330-200 (1)
A330-200 (2)
A330-300 (1)
A330-300 (2)
A340-200 (1)
A340-200 (2)
A340-300 (1)
A340-300 (2)
A340-500
A340-600
A350-800
A350-900
A350-1000
A380-800

75,0
75,0
75,0
75,0
65,0
65,0
65,0
72,0
65,0
72,0
65,0
72,0
65,0
72,0
70,0
76,0
72,0
72,0
75,0
70,0

Page 2 of 5

Technical Report

ORIGIN EIJ
REFERENCE
ISSUE 1.0

PROJECT

MPP

X3232RP1300843
DATE

21 Mar 2012

## 3. 180 turn on runway turn pad

This manoeuvre consists in a 180 turn on a standard ICAO runway turn pad geometry. It starts
with MLG edge at a distance M3 from taxiway edge, and it finishes with the aircraft aligned on the
centreline of the runway. During the turn, M1, M2 and M3 clearances must meet the minimum
value as described in ICAO Annex 14.

## 180 turn on runway turn pad

45m wide runway
(STANDARD WIDTH)
Max steering
Minimum line-up
Minimum line-up
angle
distance correction
distance correction
(degree)
On TODA On ASDA On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
75,0
46 14,1 80 24,4
Same as 30m
75,0
49 15,0 85 26,0
Same as 30m
75,0
55 16,7 96 29,3
75,0
70 21,4 126 38,3 69 21,0 124 37,9
N/A
65,0
85 25,8 146 44,5
N/A
65,0
72 21,8 122 37,1
N/A
65,0
99 30,1 171 52,2
N/A
72,0
95 28,9 168 51,1
N/A
65,0
111 33,7 194 59,1
N/A
72,0
106 32,4 190 57,8
N/A
65,0
100 30,5 176 53,7
N/A
72,0
97 29,5 173 52,7
N/A
65,0
108 32,8 191 58,2
N/A
72,0
106 32,2 189 57,6
N/A
70,0
119 36,2 210 64,2
N/A
76,0
149 45,3 258 78,5
N/A
72,0
104 31,8 186 56,7
N/A
72,0
122 37,2 216 65,9
N/A
75,0
144 43,9 250 76,3
N/A
70,0
130 39,5 227 69,3
30m wide runway

Aircraft model

A318
A319
A320
A321
A300
A310
A330-200 (1)
A330-200 (2)
A330-300 (1)
A330-300 (2)
A340-200 (1)
A340-200 (2)
A340-300 (1)
A340-300 (2)
A340-500
A340-600
A350-800
A350-900
A350-1000
A380-800

## 60m wide runway

Minimum line-up
distance correction
On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
104 31,7 187 57,1
116 35,2 207 63,2
130 39,7 239 72,9
Same as 45m
117 35,7 211 64,4
129 39,4 236 71,9
122 37,1 219 66,9

Page 3 of 5

Technical Report

ORIGIN EIJ
REFERENCE
ISSUE 1.0

PROJECT

MPP

X3232RP1300843
DATE

21 Mar 2012

## 4. 180 turn on a given runway width

For this manoeuvre, the pavement width is considered to be the runway width, which is a frozen
parameter (30m, 45m or 60m). As per the 180 deg turn on runway standard operating procedures
described in the Flight Crew Operating Manuals (FCOM), the aircraft is initially angled with respect
to runway centerline when starting the 180 deg turn. The value of this angle depends on the
aircraft type, and is mentioned in the FCOM. During the turn, M1, M2 and M3 clearances must
meet the minimum value as described in ICAO Annex 14.

## Note to the table: Manoeuvre not possible

means that it is not possible for the aircraft
to turn on such runway width while
maintaining
the
minimum
ICAO
recommended margin.

Page 4 of 5

Technical Report

ORIGIN EIJ
REFERENCE
ISSUE 1.0

PROJECT

MPP

X3232RP1300843
DATE

21 Mar 2012

## 180 turn on runway width

Minimum line-up
distance correction

## 45m wide runway

(STANDARD WIDTH)
Minimum line-up
distance correction

Minimum line-up
distance correction

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
46 14.1 80 24.4
49 15.0 85 26.0
70 21.3 111 33.9
Not possible
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
55 16.7 96 29.3
69 21.0 124 37.9
Not possible
93 28.3 143 43.6
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible
Not possible

On TODA On ASDA
feet meters feet meters
Same as 30m
Same as 30m
Same as 45m
Same as 45m
94 28.8 156 47.5
72 21.8 122 37.1
146 44.5 219 66.6
95 28.9 168 51.1
178 54.1 261 79.5
144 43.9 227 69.2
138 42.0 214 65.2
97 29.5 173 52.7
156 47.6 239 73.0
104 31.7 187 57.1
158 48.2 250 76.2
Not possible
122 37.1 203 62.0
156 47.5 250 76.2
Not possible
Not possible

Aircraft model

A318
A319
A320
A321
A300
A310
A330-200 (1)
A330-200 (2)
A330-300 (1)
A330-300 (2)
A340-200 (1)
A340-200 (2)
A340-300 (1)
A340-300 (2)
A340-500
A340-600
A350-800
A350-900
A350-1000
A380-800

Max steering
angle
(degree)

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
72.0
65.0
72.0
65.0
72.0
65.0
72.0
70.0
76.0
72.0
72.0
75.0
70.0