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CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY EXPERIMENT
III.1 Variable Experiment
1.

NaOH

O,06 N, 0,08 N

2.

H2SO4

0,08 N, 0,09 N

III.2 Materials Used


1. H2SO4 0,09 N
2. H2SO4 0,08 N
3. NaOH 0,08 N
4. NaOH 0,06 N
5. Aquadest
6. Buffer pH 7
III.3 Tools Used
1.

Beaker glass

2.

Buret

3.

Erlenmeyer

4.

Watches glass

5.

Measuring cup

6.

Flask

7.

Balance analytical

8.

pH meter

9.

Pipette drops

10.

Spatula

11.

Funnel

12.

Stative and clamp

III.4 Experimental Procedure


III.4.1 Calibration Tool Phase
1.

Prepare the buffer pH 7 in a glass beaker.

2.

Dip the electrode into buffer pH 7.Mencatat pH dan E (mV).


III-1

3.

Noted pH and E (mV)

Methodology
Experiment

III.4.2 Potentiometric Analysis Phase


1.

Make a solution of NaOH O, 05 N, 250 ml.


a. Considering 0,24 gram NaOH into a watch glass.
b. Entering aquadest which had been taken earlier in the 250
ml flask.
c. Enter 0,24 gram NaOH in 250 ml flask.
d. Add aquadest in a volumetric flask of 250 ml volumetric
flask.
e. Shaking the solution in the flask until it becomes
homogeneous.
f. Using the same procedure for NaOH 0.06 N.

2.

Make a solution of H2SO4 0,08 N, 250 ml.


a. Taking 0,22 ml H2SO4 into the measuring cup.
b. Entering aquadest which had been taken earlier in the 250
ml flask.
c. Enter 0,22 ml H2SO4 in 250 ml flask.
d. Add aquadest in a volumetric flask of 250 ml volumetric
flask.
e. Shaking the solution in the flask until it becomes
homogeneous.
f. Using the same procedure for H2SO4 0,09 N.

3.

Measure the initial conditions of pH and mV of each solution with


initial volume of 25 ml.

4.

Perform titration where NaOH 0.05 and 0.06 N as titers and 0.06
N H2SO4 solution; 0.05 N as analat.

5.

Record the pH and mV for each additional 1 ml titers. Titration is


done to increase already 10 times.

6.

The same titration with reversing function of H2SO4 0.08 N; 0.09 N


as titers and 0.0 5 N NaOH solution; 0.06 N as analat.

III-2

Laboratory Analysis Of Instrument


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Diploma
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Methodology
Experiment

III.3 Flowchart of Experiments


III.3.1 Calibration Tool Phase
Start

Prepare the buffer pH 7 in a glass beaker.

Dip the electrode into buffer pH 7.Mencatat pH


dan E (mV).
Noted pH and E (mV)

Finish

III.3.2 Potentiometric Analysis Phase


III.3.2.1 Make a solution of NaOH O, 05 N, 250 ml.
Start

Considering 0,24 gram NaOH into a watch glass

III-3

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Methodology
Experiment
Entering aquadest which had been taken earlier
in the
250 ml flask.
Enter 0,24 gram NaOH in 250 ml flask.

Add aquadest in a volumetric flask of 250 ml volumetric


flask.
Shaking the solution in the flask until it becomes
homogeneous.
Using the same procedure for NaOH 0.06
N.
Finish

III.3.2.2 Make a solution of H2SO4 0.08 N 100 mL


Start

Taking 0,22 ml H2SO4 into the measuring cup

Entering aquadest which had been taken earlier in the


250 ml flask.

Enter 0,22 ml H2SO4 in 250 ml flask and add aquadest in


a volumetric flask of 250 ml volumetric flask.
Shaking the solution in the flask until it becomes
homogeneous.
Using the same procedure for H2SO4 0,09 N.

Finish

III.3.2.3 Prosedur Analisa Potensiometri


III-4

StartLaboratory Analysis Of Instrument


ProgramofOfpH
Study
Chemical
Engineering
Measure the initialThe
conditions
and mV
of each
Selesai
Diploma
Make
Make
aa solution
solution
of
of NaOH
H2SO
0,08
05of
N,
N,25
250
250
ml.
ml.
4 O,
solution
with initial
volume
ml.
FTI-ITS

Methodology
Experiment

Perform titration where NaOH 0.05 and 0.06 N as titers


and 0.06 N H2SO4 solution; 0.05 N as analat.
A
A

A
A

Record the pH and mV for each additional 1 ml titers.


Titration is done to increase already 10 times.

The same titration with reversing function of H2SO4 0.08


N; 0.09 N as titers and 0.0 5 N NaOH solution; 0.06 N as
analat.
Selesai

III-5

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FTI-ITS

Methodology
Experiment

III.4 Image Tool Experiment

Beaker glass

III-6

Buret

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Methodology
Experiment

Watches glass

Erlenmeyer

Flask

Measuring cup

Balance analytical

III-7

pH meter

Laboratory Analysis Of Instrument


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FTI-ITS

Methodology
Experiment

Spatula

Pipette drops

Funnel
Stative and clamp

III-8

Laboratory Analysis Of Instrument


The Program Of Study Chemical Engineering
Diploma
FTI-ITS