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ARELLANO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW

Atty Roberto Demigillo

Political law review cases

Bill of rights
1. GMA Network INC. v. COMELEC, GR 205357, Sept. 2, 2014

FRANCISCO
a. Right to speak and reach out.
b. COMELEC Resolution on airtime limit.
c. Political Speech
2. COSCOLLUELA v. SANDIGANBAYAN, GR. NO. 191411 JULY 15, 2013
-

JAO

a. Right to Speedy disposition of a case


3. PEOPLE v. LARA, GR 199877, AUG 13, 2012

TAJONERA

a. Miranda Rights,
b. Custodial Investigation
4. IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION FOR THE ISSUANCE OF A WRIT
OF AMPARO IN FAVOR
OF LILIIBETH O. KADAGA, GR 189689 NOV. 13, 2012,
BERCASIO
a. Writ of Amparo

State Immunity from suit


1. HEIRS OF MENDOZA v. DPWH, GR 203834, JULY 9, 2014
FAUSTINO

a. States consent to be sued

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT
1. ARAULLO v. AQUINO,

GR 209287 JULY 1, 2014

- BRACAMONTE

a. Transfer of appropriated funds


b. Requisites under Section 25 (5)
c. Appropriation by Congress
2. LAWYERS AGAINST MONOPOLY AND POVERTY v. SECRETARY OF
BUDGET AND
MANAGEMENT, GR. 164987, APRIL 24, 2012 - BUMANLAG

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a. Presumption of constitutionality
b. Power of appropriation ; budgetary process
3. COJUANGCO JR. v. REPUBLIC, GR 180705 NOV 27, 2012 - CAMBA
a. Publication and effectivity of laws
b. Nature of coco levy funds

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT
1. GARCIA v. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, GR 198554, JULY 30, 2012
- DAYAG
a. Powers of the President
b. Confirmation of Sentence
c. General Court Martial Jurisdiction
d. Equal protection
e. Right to speedy disposition
2. IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION FOR THE WRIT OF AMPARO AND
THE WRIT OF HABEAS
DATA IN FAVOR OF F. SAEZ v. GLORIA MACAPAGAL, GR
183533, SEPT 25, 2012 - ESTACIO
a. Writs of Amparo and Habeas Data
b. Doctrine of command responsibility
c. Presidential immunity from suit

JUDICIARY/ JUDICIAL REVIEW


1. CORALES v. REPUBLIC, GR. No. 186613, Aug 27, 2013 - FERRER
a. Requisites of Judicial Review
- Actual case
- Ripe for adjudication
- Locus standi
2. ASSOCIATION OF SMALL LANDOWNERS v. SEC. OF AGRARIAN
REFORM, 175 SCRA 343 - GONZALBO
a. Judicial review
b. Doctrine of judicial supremacy
c. Concept of political question
3. COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS v. HYPERMIX FEEDS CORPORATION,
GR. 179579, FEB. 1,
2012 - GUZMAN
a. Judicial review
b. Equal protection of law clause
c. Administrative rules and regulations
4. RE COA OPINION ON THE COMPUTATION OF THE APPRAISED VALUE
OF THE PROPERTIES PURCHASED BY THE RETIRED CHIEF/ASSOCIATE
JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT, A.M. 11-7-10 SC, JULY 31, 2012 LADAN
a. Separation of powers
b. Judicial independence

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c. Fiscal autonomy

5. RE REQUEST FOR COPY OF 2008 SALN AND PERSONAL DATA


SHEET OR CV OF THE
JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT AND OFFICERS AND
EMPLOYEES OF THE JUDICIARY,
AM. 09-8-6-SC, JUNE 13, 2012
- LINZAG
a. SALN of Justices
b. Right to information

2012

6. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN v LIGGAYU, GR 174297, JUNE 20,


- MAKASIAR

a. Legal standing of government party appealing


7. LRTA v. SALVANA GR NO. 192074, JUNE 10, 2014

- MANGIO

a. Parties adversely affected

JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL


2012

1. CHAVEZ v. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL, GR No. 202242, JULY 17,


- ASUNCION

a. Limited participation of Congress


b. Requisites of judicial review
2. JARDELEZA v. SERENO GR NO. 213181 Aug 19, 2014
AYONG

a. JBC proceedings; nature and due process

Government Auditing
1. DELOS SANTOS v. COA, GR. NO. 198457, AUGUST 13, 2013
BAUTISTA

a. General auditing power


b. Presumption of regularity in performance of official duties; exception
2. FUNA v. MECO , GR 193462 Feb 4, 2014
a. COA Jurisdiction
b. Government instrumentality
c. GOCC

THE OMBUDSMAN

BAQUIRAN

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1. GONZALES III, v OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, GR NO. 196231,
SEPTEMBER 4, 2012, Buenaventura
GONZALES III v. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, GR NO. 196231,
January 28, 2014
a. Administrative disciplinary power over Deputy Ombudsman and Special
Prosecutor
b. Doctrine fo Implication
c. betrayal of public trust
a. The Ombudsman
b. Justiciable question
c. Investigative and disciplinary powers
d. Special Prosecution
e. Acop v. Ombudsman, 248 SCRA 568
f. Fiscal autonomy
g. Disciplinary authority of the President
2. DAGAN v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, GR. 184083 NOVEMBER
19, 2013 - CHUA
a. Final and unappealable decision of the Ombudsman
b. Remedy
3. People v. Sandiganbayan, GR 188165 Dec. 11, 2013

- DAYAN

a. Exclusive authority of the Solicitor general; exception - Ombudsman through OSP


b. Guarantee of Speedy disposition under Section 16, Article II of the Constitution
c. Soriano Jr. v Sandiganbayan, 131 SCRA 184)
d. Interpretation of the term Transaction in Sec 3 (b) of RA 3019 as amended
e. Tatad v Sandiganbayan, 159 SCRA 70, 82-83

SANDIGANBAYAN
1. DISINI v. SANDIGANBAYAN, GR. 169823-24, September 11, 2013
- DE LA REA
a. Sandiganbayan Jurisdiction
b. Subsection 4a of RA 8249 ( amending Sandiganbayan jurisdiction)

Natural Resources/Public Domain


1. REPUBLIC v. AFP, GR No. 180463, January 16, 2013
HERNANDEZ

a. Lands of the public domain; inalienability


b. Innocent purchaser for value
2. LEAGUE OF PROVINCES OF THE Phils. v. DENR , GR No. 175368,
April 11, 2013 - JAINAL
a. Enforcement of small scale mining law
b. Power of the DENR
c. Statutes on mining RA7061 or local government code
RA 7076, Peoples Small scale mining Act of 1991
RA 7942 Philippine Mining Act of 1995
d. Beltran v. Secretary of Health, 476 SCRA 168

SOCIAL JUSTICE AND HUMAN


RIGHTS
1. SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM EMPLOYEES v. COURT OF APPEALS,
175 SCRA 686 - LAGON
1. Right to strike
2. Distinction between employees in private sector and government sector with
regard right to strike
3. GOCCs with original charter
2. ASSOCIATION OF SMAL LANDOWNERS v. SEC. OF AGRARIAN
REFORM, 175 SCRA 343
LUZ FARMS v. SEC. OF AGRARIAN REFORM , GR 86889, DEC 4, 1990
ARCHBISHOP OF CACERES v SEC OF AGRARIAN REFORM, GR.
139283, DEC 21, 2007 LEONES
a. Land Reform
b. comprehensive agrarian reform program
C. Church lands
3. CARINO v CHR, GR 96681, DEC 2, 1991
EPZA v. CHR, GR 101476, APRIL 14, 1994
SIMON JR. v CHR, GR 100150, JANUARY 5, 1994
LINSANGAN
a. Powers of the CHR
b. Civil Rights and Political rights defined.

Academic freedom
1. NON v. JUDGE DAMES, 185 SCRA 523 -

LOZADA

a. Termination of contract doctrine


b. school and student
c. Rights of the student
d. Permissible limitation on student rights inside school
e. Nature of contract between school and student
f. Academic freedom
2. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE v. COURT OF APPEALS,
GR 124043, OCT 14, 1998
MENDOZA
a. Educational institution or institution of learning
3. CAPITOL MEDICAL CENTER v COURT OF APPEALS, 178 SCRA 493
GARCIA v. FACULTY ADMISSION COMMITTEE, 68 SCRA 277
RECTO
a. Right of school to close
b. Implied binding contract between school and student upon enrolment
c. Academic freedom of school and professor
d. Four essential freedoms of a university

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

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1. MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. ATILANO, GR 166758, JUNE 27,
2012
a. Quasi judicial agency
b. Probable cause
2.

TIDCORP v. CSC. G.R. No. 182249, March 5, 2013

a. Civil Service Commission


b. Extent of rule making power
c. The plain meaning rule or verba legis or verba legis non est recedendum

3. THE PROVINCE OF AKLAN v. JODY KING CONSTRUCTION &


DEVELOPMENT CORP.
GR 197592 & 202623, Nov. 27, 2013
a. Doctrine of primary jurisdiction

4. REPUBLIC v. DRUGMAKERS LAB, INC. GR. 190837 MARCH 5, 2014


a. Administrative regulations
5. LANDBANK v PEREZ, GR 166884, JUNE 13, 2012
a. Administrative law
b. Solicitor General
6. ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN TAGALOG ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES
INC. v ERC. GR 192117,
SEPT 18, 2012
a. Administrative Rules and regulations
b. Publication requirement
c. Filing with the U.P. Law Center; exceptions

PUBLIC OFFICERS
1. FUNA v. AGRA, G.R. No. 191644, February 19, 2013
a. Ban on appointive officials holding another office
b. De facto officers
2. Re Nomination of Atty. L. Chagulie IBP Ifugao
President, as replacement for IBP Governor for
Northern Luzon, Atty D. Habawel. A.M. No. 13-04-03 SC
a. De facto
b. De Facto Officer
c. Usurper
d. Elements or requisites of de facto officer
f. De facto doctrine
3. Re Request of Chief Justice Artemio Panganiban for
recomputation
A.M. No. 10-9-15 SC, Feb. 12, 2013
a.

Retirement Claims of justices and judges

4. PEOPLE v. PICCIO, GR no. 193681 Aug 6, 2014


a. Office of the Solicitor General
b. Powers
5. REPUBLIC v. ARIAS, GR. 188909, Sept. 17, 2014
a. Civil Service
b. Material functions
c. Arias v. Sandiganbayan, 259 SCRA 794
6. Anonymous letter complaint on alleged involvement and for
engaging in the
Business of lending money A.M. No. 2010-21 SC, Sept 30,
2014
a. Civil Service law
b. Moonlighting
c. Malfeasances
d. Misconduct
7. BUENA v. BENITO, GR 181760, Oct 14, 2014
a. ARMM Governor Power to appoint
b. CES position
c. Presidential appointee
8. OCAMPO v. COA, GR 188716 June 10, 2013
a. Retirement Benefits as a consequence of two retirements
9. OFFICE OF THE COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. MAGBANUA A.M. NO. P
-12-3048, JUNE 5,
2013
a. Civil Service law; Daily Time Record
10. REBLORA v. AFP,

GR 195842

a. Retirement of military officers and enlisted personnel


11. MENDOZA v. COA,

GR 195395 Sept 10, 2013

a. Application of Standardization law to general manager of a water district


12. OFFICE OF COURT ADMINISTRATOR v. MIRANDA, A.M. NO. P-092648, MARCH 26, 2014
a. Civil Service law
b. Grave misconduct
c. Lack of malice or financial consideration
d. Mitigation of culpability
13. ESPINAS v. COA , GR 198271 APRIL 1, 2014
a. National Government Agency officials
b. GOCC officials

14. CSC v. CORTES, gr. 200103, APRIL 23, 2014


a. Appointments
b. Nepotism
15. BARCELONA v. LIM, GR NO. 189171, JUNE 3, 2014
a. Civil Service Rules
b. Preventive suspension; back salary
16. REPUBLIC v. YAHON, GR. 201043 ,
a. Sec. 8 g of RA 9262
b. reversal of Pacific Products v. Ong.
17. EIJANSANTOS v. SPECIAL PRESIDENTAL TASK FORCE, GR 203696,
JUNE 2, 2014
a. Duties of an evaluator
b. misconduct
18. NATIONAL POWER CORP. v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, GR
152093, JAN 24, 2012
a. Civil service law
b. Removal for grave misconduct
19. REPUBLIC v. PACHEO, GR 178021, JANUARY 25, 2012
a. Constructive dismissal
b. Distinction between detail and reassignment
c. Illegally dismissed civil service employee entitled to back salaries
20. VILLORDON v. AVILA , AM. NO. P. 10-2809 AUG 10, 2012
a. Civil Service Rules
b. Dishonesty and falsification of official documents
21. BAGONG KAPSISANAN SA PUNTA TENEMENT, INC. v. DOLOT, GR
179054 SEPTEMBER 5,
2012
a. Dishonesty of public officials and employees
b. Penalty of dismissal
22. BASCOS v. RAMIREZ, A.M. P. 08-2418, DEC 4, 2012
a. Misconduct
b. Grave misconduct

ELECTION LAWS
1. JALOSLOS JR. v. COMELEC, GR. 192474, JUNE 26, 2012
a. Jurisdiction of the Comelec

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b. Limitations
2. JALOSJOS JR. COMELEC, GR 193237, OCT 9, 2012
a. Perpetual special disqualification
b. Comelec jurisdiction
c. Void certification of candidacy
3. TALAGA v. COMELEC GR 196804, OCT 9, 2012
a. Candidates in case of death
b. Disqualification or withdrawal
c. Substitution
4. DAYAO v. Comelec, G.R. No. 193643, January 29, 2013
a. Party List; Cancellation
b. For the Comelec to validly exercise it statutory power to cancel the registration of
a party-list group, the law imposes only two conditions; (1) due notice and
hearing is afforded to the party list ground concerned and (2) any of the
enumerated grounds for disqualification in Section 6 exists.
c. Difference between Refusal and Cancellation of Party List Registration.
d. Accreditation ; finality
e. RA 7941 Party List System Act
5. ABUNDO v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 201716, January 8, 2013
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Three term limit ; intent


Meaning of Term
When interrupted
Two requisites to constitute disqualification to run for an elective local office.
6 issues affecting consecutiveness of terms and/or involuntary interruption

6.

FEDERICO v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 199612, January 22, 2013

a. Substitution of candidate ; grounds


b. Proclamation; source of right
7. CHATO v. HRET, GR No. 199149, January 22, 2013
a. Automated Election System
b. Paper-based election
c. Official ballots
8. JALOSJOS v. COMELEC, GR 191970, APRIL 24, 2012
a. Residency requirement
b. Domicile
9. JALOSJOS v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 193314, Feb. 26, 2013
a. Failure to serve advance notice of promulgation
b. Residency requirements noew domicile by choice; Residence or bodily presence in
the new
Locality ; intention to remain there, an intention to abandon old domicile.
c. Voters registration
10.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

LOCSIN v. HRET G.R. No. 204123, march 19, 2013

Ballot appreciation
Validity of ballots
Ambiguous vote
Marked ballots
UV code or seal; purpose

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f. Ballots with an Over voting count
g. PCOS Machine Rejected ballots
11. TAGOLINO v. HRET, G.R. 202202, March 19, 2013
a. Disqualification case
b. Denial of due course to and/or cancellation of COC
c. Candidate substitution
A candidate who is disqualified under Section 68 can be validly substituted
pursuant of Section 77 of Omnibus Election Code because he remains a
candidate until disqualified; but a person whose COC has been denied due
course to and/or cancelled under Section 78 cannot be substituted because he
is not considered a candidate.
12. ALCANTARA v. COMELEC, gr No. 203646, April 16, 2013
a. Comelecs Jurisdiction
b. Political parties
13. COCOFED-PHILIPPINE COCONUT PRODUCERS FEDERATION INC. v
COMELEC, GR NO.
207026, August 6, 2013
a. Cancellation of a party-list groups registration
b. Atong Paglaum Inc. v. Comelec, GR No. 203766, April 2, 2013
c. Lokin Jr. v. Comelec, 621 SCRA 385, 409
14. Abang Lingkod Party List v. Comelec, GR No. 206952 Oct. 22,
2013,
a. Due process
b. Party list system
c. Sectoral organizations
d. Track record requirement
15. TANADA v. COMELEC, GR. Nos. 207199-200, Oct. 22, 2013
a. Jurisdiction of the HRET
b. Election , Returns, Qualifications
16. CAGAS v. COMELEC, GR. NO. 209185, Oct. 25, 2013
a. Plebiscite
b. Creation of a province
c. Power of Comelec
d. Special Elections
e. Right of suffrage
17. REGIO v. COMELEC, GR 204828, Dec. 3, 2013
a. Election protests
b. Rosal doctrine; application
c. Rosal v. Comelec, 518 SCRA 473
d. Standards in an election contest
e. The duty of the protestee in an election contest to provide evidence of actual
tampering or any likelihood arises only when the protestant has first
successfully discharged the burden of proving that the ballots have been secured
to prevent tampering or susceptibility of change, abstraction or substitution.
18. ALLIANCE FOR RURAL AND AGRARIAN RECONSITRUCTION, INC. v.
COMELEC

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GR NO. 192803 DEC 10, 2013
a. Party list representation
b. Modification of formula used and interpreted in BANAT v COMELEC (586 SCRA
210)
19. JALOSJOS v. COMELEC, GR 193314 JUNE 25, 2013
a. Assumption of office vacated by an ineligible candidate whose COC was invalid at
the time of filing.
20. JALOSJOS R. v. COMELEC GR 205033 JUNE 18, 2013
a. Administrative function of Comelec
b. Prior convict to run for local elective office
21. POSADAS v. SANDIGANBAYAN, GR NOS. 168951 & 169000 JULY
17, 2013
a. Appointments of personnel under foreign assisted projects
b. Consultancy contract
c. Public office
22. NAVAL v. COMELEC, GR. 207851, july 8, 2014
a. Reapportionment of legislative district defined
b. Three term limit rule
23. HAYUDINI v. COMELEC, GR 207900, APRIL 22, 2014
a. Elections
b. COC Cancellation

24. ATONG PAGLAUM v. COMELEC, GR No. 203766


a. Parameters of Party list participation
25. REGINA ONGSIAKO REYES v. COMELEC G.R. No. 207264 June 25,
2013
a. HRET jurisdiction
b. When a candidate is considered a member of the House of Representatives
26. CASAN MACODE MAQUILING V COMELEC G.R. No. 195649 April
16, 2013
a. Disqualification of candidate
b. Rule of Succession in the Local Government Code

LOCAL GOVERNMENT
1. RIMANDO v. NAGUILIAN EMISSION TESTING CENTER INC. gr.
198860, JULY 23, 2012
a. Local government
b. Delegated police power

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c. grant of business permit
2. LEAGUE OF PROVINCES v. DENR., GR No. 175368, April 11, 2013
a. Local autonomy
b. Administrative autonomy
c. Enforcement of small scale mining law
d. Power of the DENR
e. Statutes on mining RA7061 or local government code
RA 7076, Peoples Small scale mining Act of 1991
RA 7942 Philippine Mining Act of 1995
f. Beltran v. Secretary of Health, 476 SCRA 168
3. RALLOS v. CITY OF CEBU, GR. NO. 202651, Aug. 28, 2013.
a. Disbursement of public funds; appropriation ordinance.
4. UMALI v. COMELEC, GR. 203974 APRIL 22, 2014
a.
b.
c.
d.

Conversion; substantial alteration of boundaries


plebiscite requirements
Economic impact
Political impact
5. PIMENTAL JR. v. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, GR. 195770, JULY 17,

2012
a. Extent of local autonomy
6. VICENCIO v. VILLAR, GR. 182069, JULY 3, 2012
a. Powers of the City Vice Mayor

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW


1. CHINA NATIONAL MACHINERY &EQUIPMENT CORP. v. SANTAMARIA
GR 185572, FEB. 7,
2012
a. Executive Agreement

DOCTRINES/ PRINCIPLES
1. CHAVEZ v. JUDICIAL AND BAR COUNCIL, GR 202242,
a. Doctrine of operative facts
b. Casus omissus
2. TIDCORP v. CSC. G.R. No. 182249, March 5, 2013
a. The plain meaning rule or verba legis or verba legis non est recedendum

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3. VIVAS v. MONETARY BOARD of BSP, GR. 191424, Aug 7, 2013


a. Undue delegation of legislative power, 2 tests.
4. Re Nomination of Atty. L. Chagulie IBP Ifugao
President, as replacement for IBP Governor for
Northern Luzon, Atty D. Habawel. A.M. No. 13-04-03 SC
a. De facto doctrine
5. MIRALLOSA v. CARMEL DEVELOPMENT INC. GR. 194538, NOV. 27,
2013
a. Operative fact doctrine
6. PEOPLE v. CAYAT, 68 PHIL 12, 18
a. Doctrine on Constitutionally allowable distinctions.
7. PEOPLE v. NAZARIO, 165 SCRA 186
ESTRADA v. SANDIGANBAYAN, GR 148560, NOV. 19, 2001
a. Void for vagueness doctrine
b. Balancing of Interest Test
c. Less restrictive alternative doctrine
d. Overbreath doctrine
8. METROBANK v. TOBIAS GR 177780 , JANUARY 25, 2012
a. Doctrine of separation of powers

9. CHINA NATIONAL MACHINERY &EQUIPMENT CORP. v. SANTAMARIA


GR 185572, FEB. 7,
2012
a. Doctrine of sovereign immunity or state immunity from suit
b. Waiver of immunity

THE END