Shortly after opening her parachute, a freefall parachutist of mass 60kg experiences the forces
shown in the diagram.
weight = 600N
Which line in the table gives the size and direction of the acceleration of the parachutist at this
instance?
size of acceleration (m/s2)
direction of acceleration
5.0
downwards
10.0
downwards
5.0
upwards
10.0
upwards
0.0
[Turn over
BMAT 2009  Section 2  Physics .pdf
7
7
[Turn over
BMAT 2009  Section 2  Physics .pdf
It is known that a radioactive source emits a single type of radiation. Detectors are placed in
the two positions shown. The graph shows how the readings change over time.
30cm
source
detector 1
detector 2
1m
240
220
detector 1
200
11
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
detector 2
20
0
0
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
time (hours)
Which type of radiation does the source emit, and what is its halflife?
type of radiation
halflife (hours)
alpha
2.40
alpha
2.76
beta
2.40
beta
2.76
gamma
2.40
gamma
2.76
speed (m/s)
30
20
10
0
0
time (min)
What is the best estimate of the distance travelled during the part of the journey shown?
A
100.00m
107.50m
115.00m
6.00km
6.45km
6.90km
19 An object of mass 5kg falls from rest and hits the ground at a speed of 20m/s. Air resistance is
negligible.
10m
20m
50m
100m
200m
1000m
carriage 2
carriage 1
powered engine
15000N
The engine has a mass of 20000kg, and each carriage has a mass of 5000kg. When the engine
accelerates from rest it develops a thrust (driving force) of 15000N as shown.
Ignoring resistive forces, what is the tension (pulling force) T in the coupling between carriage 1 and
carriage 2?
A
2500N
3750N
5000N
7500N
15000N
19
displacement (mm)
27 The first graph shows the variation of the displacement of particles with distance along a wave at a
particular instant in time:
18
60
distance (m)
18
displacement (mm)
The second graph shows the variation with time of the displacement of a particular particle in this
wave:
18
0.6
time (s)
18
30m/s
50m/s
90m/s
100m/s
150m/s
300m/s
mass of u234 / mg
0.0
8.0
12.0
14.0
15.0
15.5
15.7
15.9
15.9
16.0
16.0
Using the information in the table, approximately what is the halflife of protactinium234?
A
1.2 minutes
2.4 minutes
6.0 minutes
9.6 minutes
10.8 minutes
12.0 minutes
The depth of water in a particular tidal harbour varies with time as shown in the graph:
20
18
16
14
depth / metres
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
time / hours
If the variation in depth caused by the effect of the tide is considered as a wave, what are the
amplitude and frequency of this wave?
amplitude / metres
frequency / hertz
1/(12 x 3600)
3600/12
1/(24 x 3600)
3600/24
1/(12 x 3600)
3600/12
16
1/(24 x 3600)
16
3600/24
mass number
80
207
80
211
82
207
82
215
85
211
85
219
86
215
86
219
27 A car of mass 800kg moves up an incline of 1 in 20 (1 in 20 means for every 20m along the road
the car gains 1m in height) at a constant speed of 20m/s. The frictional force opposing motion is
500N.
How much work has been done by the engine after the car has moved 50m?
A
20kJ
25kJ
27kJ
45kJ
65kJ
160kJ
15 The circuit shows five identical filament bulbs designed to work at 12V connected in a circuit
with two switches. Switch P is initially open and switch Q is initially closed.
12V
switch P
bulb X
bulb Y
switch Q
Switch P is then closed and switch Q is opened.
Compared with their brightness before these changes were made, how has the brightness of
bulbs X and Y changed?
bulb X
bulb Y
brighter
brighter
brighter
dimmer
dimmer
brighter
dimmer
dimmer
unchanged
brighter
brighter
unchanged
19 The diagrams below show velocitytime or distancetime graphs for 4 different objects, P, Q, R
and S.
velocity / m/s
velocity / m/s
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
4
8 12 16 20 24 28 32
12
16 20
time / s
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
time / s
distance / m
distance / m
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
24
175
150
125
100
75
50
25
0
60
120
180
time / s
time / s
240
P only
Q only
R only
S only
P and Q
Q and R
P and S
3 Two identical cars, P and Q, start at the same level. Car P moves at a constant speed of 10m/s up a
hill to a height of 25m in a time of 20s. In the same time car Q moves at a constant speed of 20m/s up
a hill to a height of 50m.
What are the kinetic energies of the cars while they are travelling up the hills, and what are their
gravitational potential energies once they have reached the top?
kinetic energy
The process of emission of a gamma ray from a nucleus is called nuclear fission.
The half life of a radioactive substance is half the time taken for its nuclei to decay.
The number of neutrons in a nucleus is its atomic number (proton number) minus its
mass number.
When a nucleus emits a beta particle, there is no change in the number of particles it
contains.
When a nucleus emits an alpha particle, one of its neutrons becomes a proton plus an
electron.
6V
A
3
Which line in the table gives the current flowing in the ammeter, in amps, when the switch is
open, and when it is closed?
ammeter reading/A
switch open
switch closed
0.0
1.0
0.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.0
2.0
0.0
2.0
1.0
2.0
2.0
15 A bullet of mass 50g is fired from a rifle with a velocity of 300m/s. It hits a bank of earth and after
travelling 60cm into the bank comes to rest.
What is the average stopping force of the earth in the bank on the bullet?
A
37.5N
3.75 x 103N
3.75 x 104N
3.75 x 106N
23 A ray of orange light travelling through air has a speed of 3.0 x 108m/s and a wavelength of
600nm. (1nm = 109m)
What could be the speed, frequency and wavelength of this orange light when travelling through
glass?
Speed/ms1
Frequency/Hz
Wavelength/nm
2.0 x 108
3.3 x 1014
400
2.0 x 108
3.3 x 1014
600
2.0 x 108
5.0 x 1014
400
2.0 x 108
5.0 x 1014
600
3.0 x 108
3.3 x 1014
400
3.0 x 108
3.3 x 1014
600
3.0 x 108
5.0 x 1014
400
3.0 x 108
5.0 x 1014
600
19
Which graph correctly shows how the resistance (R) varies with applied voltage (V) for a resistor
at constant temperature?
27 At the front of a long column of soldiers is a man regularly hitting a drum 50 times a minute. The
soldiers are told to place their left foot down on the ground when they hear the drum beat. The
column is so long that the soldiers at the back put down their left feet at the same time as the
soldiers in the front put down their right feet.
What is the minimum length of the column of soldiers?
[Speed of sound in air is 330m/s]
A
165m
198m
330m
396m
660m
792m
Nuclide
N
R
N
R
X R 2P Y QP Z
N4
R+1
N4
R1
N4
R2
R1
R2
R4
Students investigate a radioactive source. They place a detector close to a radioactive source
and take 5 readings over 5 minutes. They then place a thin sheet of paper between the detector
and the source, and again observe the counts over 5 minutes. Lastly they replace the paper
sheet with an aluminium one and observe the counts over 5 minutes. Their results are shown
below:
Reading 1
Reading 2
Reading 3
Reading 4
Reading 5
Nothing
100
98
99
103
101
Paper
101
102
96
101
103
Aluminium
30
31
28
33
27
only
only
only
and
and
and
11 The diagrams show, not to scale, three different situations in which a force F acts. Also shown in
each case is a distance d.
Diagram 1:
Person sitting on a chair
Diagram 2:
Wheelbarrow being lifted
Diagram 3:
Weight being lifted by a motor
Which line in the table shows whether or not work is being done by force F in each situation and, if
so, whether the work done is equal to F x d?
Work being done by force F?
Work done = F x d?
only in diagram 1
only in diagram 2
only in diagram 2
only in diagram 3
in diagrams 1, 2 and 3
in diagrams 1, 2 and 3
only in diagram 1
only in diagram 3
15 The microwaves generated in a microwave oven travel through air at a speed of 3.0 x 108m/s,
with a wavelength of 12cm. They pass through plastic food containers, but at a reduced speed
of 2.0 x 108m/s.
What are the wavelength and frequency of these microwaves as they pass through a plastic
food container?
Wavelength (cm)
Frequency (Hz)
1.7 x 109
2.5 x 109
3.8 x 109
12
1.7 x 109
12
3.8 x 109
18
1.7 x 109
18
2.5 x 109
18
3.8 x 109
Reading on
ammeter 2
Total resistance
of circuit
decreases
decreases
decreases
decreases
decreases
increases
decreases
increases
decreases
decreases
increases
increases
increases
decreases
decreases
increases
decreases
increases
increases
increases
decreases
increases
increases
increases
23 A cyclist and a bike have a combined mass of 100kg. The cyclist freewheels (rolls without
pedalling) at a constant speed of 0.8m/s down a 1 in 10 slope (this means that the cyclist
descends 1.0m for each 10m travelled along the road, as shown in the diagram.)
Calculate the loss in gravitational potential energy as he loses 100m in vertical height and
hence calculate the total resistive force on the cyclist.
[g = 10N/kg]
Loss in gravitational
potential energy (J)
A
3200
3200
3200
100 000
100 000
100 000
3.2
32
32
99
100
100
1000
1000
99
101
27 A sound wave is produced by a loudspeaker cone, which creates pulses of pressure by moving
back and forth between two points X and Y as shown in the diagram.
The distance between points X and Y is 5.0mm and the loudspeaker produces pulses of
pressure every 0.2 milliseconds.
The following statements about the sound wave produced are made:
P
Which of these statements can be correctly deduced from the information given?
A
P only
P and Q only
P and R only
P, R and S only
Q and S only
R and S only
S only
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3.2 1018
3.2 1017
3.2 1016
3.2 1015
3.2 1012
The diagram shows a uniform beam pivoted at its centre. The bar weighs 800N, and three
other forces act on it as shown. Distance x can be varied.
20cm
40cm
x
200N
200N
500N
5 cm
10 cm
20 cm
30 cm
40 cm
A horse of weight 6000 N gallops at a speed of 16 m/s. Taking the acceleration of free fall
as 10 m/s2, calculate the kinetic energy of the horse. (Give your answer in kJ.)
Arrange the letters corresponding to the four combinations in increasing order of resistance
(least resistance first).
11
15
Three of the characteristic phenomena demonstrated by waves are reflection, refraction and
diffraction.
How many of these phenomena cause the frequency of the wave to change?
A
17
joules
coulombs
amperes ohms
watts
amperes
watts ohms
watts
coulombs
19
22
The energy in joules (E) associated with a photon of radiation is related to its frequency in
hertz (f) by the equation: f = E/h where h is a constant (6.63 1034). What is the energy of a
photon of radiation if 5 waves of this radiation are produced in 1 1013 sec?
A
1.33 1021 J
6.63 1021 J
3.32 1020 J
1.51 1046 J
7.54 1046 J
In an a.c. generator driving a resistive load a coil is rotated slowly between the poles of a
magnet. Which of the following will increase if the coil is rotated more quickly?
1
2
3
29
1 and 2
1 and 3
2 and 3
1, 2 and 3
In triangle PQR
QPR = 60
PQR = 45
QRP = 75
RQ = 6 units
45
6
60
P
75
R
Given that cos 60 is , find the length of side PR. (The diagram is not drawn to scale.)
A
21
1
load
effort
load
fulcrum
effort
fulcrum
load
fulcrum
load
5
effort
fulcrum
fulcrum
effort
load
Diagram 6 shows the bones of the arm with arrows showing its movement up and down.
6
up
down
Which two levers would be involved in the forcible up and down movement?
up
down
27
A parachutist falls from an aircraft and reaches a terminal velocity. After a while he opens
his parachute and reaches a new (lower) terminal velocity.
Which graph shows how the air resistance (drag) force acting on him varies with time during
the fall?
drag
drag
time
time
drag
drag
time
time
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