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# 5

Shortly after opening her parachute, a free-fall parachutist of mass 60kg experiences the forces
shown in the diagram.

weight = 600N
Which line in the table gives the size and direction of the acceleration of the parachutist at this
instance?
size of acceleration (m/s2)

direction of acceleration

5.0

downwards

10.0

downwards

5.0

upwards

10.0

upwards

0.0

## BMAT Section 2 UCLES 2009

[Turn over
BMAT 2009 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

7
7

A

## BMAT Section 2 UCLES 2009

[Turn over
BMAT 2009 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

It is known that a radioactive source emits a single type of radiation. Detectors are placed in
the two positions shown. The graph shows how the readings change over time.
30cm
source

detector 1

detector 2

1m
240
220
detector 1

200

## count rate (counts/min)

11

180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40

detector 2

20
0
0

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

time (hours)

Which type of radiation does the source emit, and what is its half-life?
type of radiation

half-life (hours)

alpha

2.40

alpha

2.76

beta

2.40

beta

2.76

gamma

2.40

gamma

2.76

## 15 The graph represents the motion of a vehicle during part of a journey.

speed (m/s)

30

20

10

0
0

time (min)

What is the best estimate of the distance travelled during the part of the journey shown?
A

100.00m

107.50m

115.00m

6.00km

6.45km

6.90km

## BMAT 2009 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

19 An object of mass 5kg falls from rest and hits the ground at a speed of 20m/s. Air resistance is
negligible.

## From what height has the object fallen?

Take g to be 10m/s2
A

10m

20m

50m

100m

200m

1000m

## 23 A train consists of a powered engine pulling two unpowered carriages.

carriage 2

carriage 1

powered engine
15000N

The engine has a mass of 20000kg, and each carriage has a mass of 5000kg. When the engine
accelerates from rest it develops a thrust (driving force) of 15000N as shown.
Ignoring resistive forces, what is the tension (pulling force) T in the coupling between carriage 1 and
carriage 2?
A

2500N

3750N

5000N

7500N

15000N

## BMAT Section 2 UCLES 2009

BMAT 2009 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

19

displacement (mm)

27 The first graph shows the variation of the displacement of particles with distance along a wave at a
particular instant in time:
18

60

distance (m)

-18

displacement (mm)

The second graph shows the variation with time of the displacement of a particular particle in this
wave:
18

0.6

time (s)

-18

A

30m/s

50m/s

90m/s

100m/s

150m/s

300m/s

## In a laboratory experiment, protactinium-234 undergoes radioactive decay by -emission into

uranium-234.
The table below describes how the mass of uranium-234 present in the sample varies with time
from the start of the experiment:
time / min
0.0
1.2
2.4
3.6
4.8
6.0
7.2
8.4
9.6
10.8
12.0

mass of u-234 / mg
0.0
8.0
12.0
14.0
15.0
15.5
15.7
15.9
15.9
16.0
16.0

Using the information in the table, approximately what is the half-life of protactinium-234?
A

1.2 minutes

2.4 minutes

6.0 minutes

9.6 minutes

10.8 minutes

12.0 minutes

## BMAT 2010 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

The depth of water in a particular tidal harbour varies with time as shown in the graph:
20
18
16
14

depth / metres

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

time / hours

If the variation in depth caused by the effect of the tide is considered as a wave, what are the
amplitude and frequency of this wave?
amplitude / metres

frequency / hertz

1/(12 x 3600)

3600/12

1/(24 x 3600)

3600/24

1/(12 x 3600)

3600/12

16

1/(24 x 3600)

16

3600/24

## 11 When radioactive isotopes decay, they sometimes have to go through a succession of

disintegrations to reach a stable isotope. These are called decay chains, and involve the
successive emission of numerous and/or particles.
One such isotope is radon-219 ( 219
86 Rn), which goes through a chain in which three particles
and two particles are emitted before reaching a stable isotope.
What are the atomic and mass numbers of the resulting stable isotope?
atomic number

mass number

80

207

80

211

82

207

82

215

85

211

85

219

86

215

86

219

27 A car of mass 800kg moves up an incline of 1 in 20 (1 in 20 means for every 20m along the road
the car gains 1m in height) at a constant speed of 20m/s. The frictional force opposing motion is
500N.

How much work has been done by the engine after the car has moved 50m?
A

20kJ

25kJ

27kJ

45kJ

65kJ

160kJ

## BMAT 2010 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

15 The circuit shows five identical filament bulbs designed to work at 12V connected in a circuit
with two switches. Switch P is initially open and switch Q is initially closed.

12V

switch P
bulb X

bulb Y

switch Q
Switch P is then closed and switch Q is opened.
Compared with their brightness before these changes were made, how has the brightness of
bulbs X and Y changed?
bulb X

bulb Y

brighter

brighter

brighter

dimmer

dimmer

brighter

dimmer

dimmer

unchanged

brighter

brighter

unchanged

## BMAT 2010 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

19 The diagrams below show velocity-time or distance-time graphs for 4 different objects, P, Q, R
and S.

velocity / m/s

velocity / m/s

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
4

8 12 16 20 24 28 32

12

16 20

time / s

14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0

time / s

distance / m

distance / m

70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

24

175
150
125
100
75
50
25
0

60

120

180

time / s

time / s

240

A

P only

Q only

R only

S only

P and Q

Q and R

P and S

## BMAT 2010 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

3 Two identical cars, P and Q, start at the same level. Car P moves at a constant speed of 10m/s up a
hill to a height of 25m in a time of 20s. In the same time car Q moves at a constant speed of 20m/s up
a hill to a height of 50m.

What are the kinetic energies of the cars while they are travelling up the hills, and what are their
gravitational potential energies once they have reached the top?

kinetic energy

## Which one of the following statements about nuclear physics is true?

A

The process of emission of a gamma ray from a nucleus is called nuclear fission.

The half life of a radioactive substance is half the time taken for its nuclei to decay.

The number of neutrons in a nucleus is its atomic number (proton number) minus its
mass number.

## The process used in nuclear power stations is nuclear fusion.

When a nucleus emits a beta particle, there is no change in the number of particles it
contains.

When a nucleus emits an alpha particle, one of its neutrons becomes a proton plus an
electron.

## 11 Consider this circuit.

6V

A
3

Which line in the table gives the current flowing in the ammeter, in amps, when the switch is
open, and when it is closed?

ammeter reading/A
switch open

switch closed

0.0

1.0

0.0

2.0

1.0

0.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

2.0

2.0

0.0

2.0

1.0

2.0

2.0

## BMAT 2011 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

15 A bullet of mass 50g is fired from a rifle with a velocity of 300m/s. It hits a bank of earth and after
travelling 60cm into the bank comes to rest.
What is the average stopping force of the earth in the bank on the bullet?
A

37.5N

3.75 x 103N

3.75 x 104N

3.75 x 106N

23 A ray of orange light travelling through air has a speed of 3.0 x 108m/s and a wavelength of
600nm. (1nm = 10-9m)
What could be the speed, frequency and wavelength of this orange light when travelling through
glass?
Speed/ms-1

Frequency/Hz

Wavelength/nm

2.0 x 108

3.3 x 1014

400

2.0 x 108

3.3 x 1014

600

2.0 x 108

5.0 x 1014

400

2.0 x 108

5.0 x 1014

600

3.0 x 108

3.3 x 1014

400

3.0 x 108

3.3 x 1014

600

3.0 x 108

5.0 x 1014

400

3.0 x 108

5.0 x 1014

600

## BMAT 2011 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

19

Which graph correctly shows how the resistance (R) varies with applied voltage (V) for a resistor
at constant temperature?

## BMAT 2011 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

27 At the front of a long column of soldiers is a man regularly hitting a drum 50 times a minute. The
soldiers are told to place their left foot down on the ground when they hear the drum beat. The
column is so long that the soldiers at the back put down their left feet at the same time as the
soldiers in the front put down their right feet.
What is the minimum length of the column of soldiers?
[Speed of sound in air is 330m/s]
A

165m

198m

330m

396m

660m

792m

Nuclide
N
R

N
R

X R 2P Y QP Z

P

N-4

R+1

N-4

R-1

N-4

R-2

R-1

R-2

R-4

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

Students investigate a radioactive source. They place a detector close to a radioactive source
and take 5 readings over 5 minutes. They then place a thin sheet of paper between the detector
and the source, and again observe the counts over 5 minutes. Lastly they replace the paper
sheet with an aluminium one and observe the counts over 5 minutes. Their results are shown
below:

Reading 1
Reading 2
Reading 3
Reading 4
Reading 5

Nothing
100
98
99
103
101

Paper
101
102
96
101
103

Aluminium
30
31
28
33
27

A

only

only

only

and

and

and

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

11 The diagrams show, not to scale, three different situations in which a force F acts. Also shown in
each case is a distance d.

Diagram 1:
Person sitting on a chair

Diagram 2:
Wheelbarrow being lifted

Diagram 3:
Weight being lifted by a motor

Which line in the table shows whether or not work is being done by force F in each situation and, if
so, whether the work done is equal to F x d?
Work being done by force F?

Work done = F x d?

## only in diagrams 1 and 2

only in diagram 1

## only in diagrams 1 and 2

only in diagram 2

## only in diagrams 2 and 3

only in diagram 2

## only in diagrams 2 and 3

only in diagram 3

in diagrams 1, 2 and 3

## only in diagrams 1 and 2

in diagrams 1, 2 and 3

## only in diagrams 1 and 3

only in diagram 1

## only in diagrams 1 and 3

only in diagram 3

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

15 The microwaves generated in a microwave oven travel through air at a speed of 3.0 x 108m/s,
with a wavelength of 12cm. They pass through plastic food containers, but at a reduced speed
of 2.0 x 108m/s.
What are the wavelength and frequency of these microwaves as they pass through a plastic
food container?
Wavelength (cm)

Frequency (Hz)

1.7 x 109

2.5 x 109

3.8 x 109

12

1.7 x 109

12

3.8 x 109

18

1.7 x 109

18

2.5 x 109

18

3.8 x 109

## Lamp X 'blows' (the filament breaks).

What happens to the reading on each ammeter, and to the total resistance of the circuit?
Reading on
ammeter 1

Reading on
ammeter 2

Total resistance
of circuit

decreases

decreases

decreases

decreases

decreases

increases

decreases

increases

decreases

decreases

increases

increases

increases

decreases

decreases

increases

decreases

increases

increases

increases

decreases

increases

increases

increases

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

23 A cyclist and a bike have a combined mass of 100kg. The cyclist free-wheels (rolls without
pedalling) at a constant speed of 0.8m/s down a 1 in 10 slope (this means that the cyclist
descends 1.0m for each 10m travelled along the road, as shown in the diagram.)

Calculate the loss in gravitational potential energy as he loses 100m in vertical height and
hence calculate the total resistive force on the cyclist.
[g = 10N/kg]
Loss in gravitational
potential energy (J)
A

3200

3200

3200

100 000

100 000

100 000

3.2

32
32

99
100
100

1000
1000

99
101

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

27 A sound wave is produced by a loudspeaker cone, which creates pulses of pressure by moving
back and forth between two points X and Y as shown in the diagram.

The distance between points X and Y is 5.0mm and the loudspeaker produces pulses of
pressure every 0.2 milliseconds.
The following statements about the sound wave produced are made:
P

## It has a fundamental frequency of 5.0kHz

Which of these statements can be correctly deduced from the information given?
A

P only

P and Q only

P and R only

P, R and S only

Q and S only

R and S only

S only

## BMAT 2012 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

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## The mass of an atom of uranium is 4 10-25 kg.

What is the mass, in milligrams, of 8 million atoms of uranium?

3.2 10-18

3.2 10-17

3.2 10-16

3.2 10-15

3.2 10-12

The diagram shows a uniform beam pivoted at its centre. The bar weighs 800N, and three
other forces act on it as shown. Distance x can be varied.
20cm

40cm
x
200N

200N

500N

## What value of distance x would cause the beam to be balanced?

5 cm

10 cm

20 cm

30 cm

40 cm

A horse of weight 6000 N gallops at a speed of 16 m/s. Taking the acceleration of free fall
as 10 m/s2, calculate the kinetic energy of the horse. (Give your answer in kJ.)

## Three resistors of equal value are connected up as shown.

A

Arrange the letters corresponding to the four combinations in increasing order of resistance
(least resistance first).

11

15

Three of the characteristic phenomena demonstrated by waves are reflection, refraction and
diffraction.
How many of these phenomena cause the frequency of the wave to change?
A

## In an experiment concerning radioactive decay, the count rate of radiation 5 cm from a

source X was measured as 140 counts per minute. 12 minutes later, with the detector in the
same position, the count rate was measured as 35 counts per minute.
Background radiation was recorded as 20 counts per minute.
Calculate the half-life of source X. (Give your answer in minutes.)

17

A

joules
coulombs

amperes ohms

watts
amperes

watts ohms

watts
coulombs

## BMAT 2003 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

19

22

The energy in joules (E) associated with a photon of radiation is related to its frequency in
hertz (f) by the equation: f = E/h where h is a constant (6.63 10-34). What is the energy of a
photon of radiation if 5 waves of this radiation are produced in 1 10-13 sec?
A

1.33 10-21 J

6.63 10-21 J

3.32 10-20 J

1.51 1046 J

7.54 1046 J

In an a.c. generator driving a resistive load a coil is rotated slowly between the poles of a
magnet. Which of the following will increase if the coil is rotated more quickly?
1
2
3

29

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2 and 3

## the frequency of the a.c.

the amplitude of the a.c.
the output e.m.f. of the generator

In triangle PQR

QPR = 60
PQR = 45
QRP = 75
RQ = 6 units

45
6
60
P

75
R

Given that cos 60 is , find the length of side PR. (The diagram is not drawn to scale.)
A

21

## Diagrams 1 to 5 show five types of levers.

3
effort

1
load

effort

load

fulcrum

effort

fulcrum

load

fulcrum

load
5

effort

fulcrum

fulcrum

effort

load

Diagram 6 shows the bones of the arm with arrows showing its movement up and down.
6

up

down

Which two levers would be involved in the forcible up and down movement?
up

down

## BMAT 2003: Section 2

BMAT 2003 - Section 2 - Physics .pdf

27

A parachutist falls from an aircraft and reaches a terminal velocity. After a while he opens
his parachute and reaches a new (lower) terminal velocity.
Which graph shows how the air resistance (drag) force acting on him varies with time during
the fall?
drag

drag

time

time

drag

drag

time

time