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## DHANALAKSHMI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
EE2403 SPECIAL ELECTRICAL MACHINES
UNIT I SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE MOTOR
PART A
Rotor design
1. List out the different types of synchronous reluctance motor.

(A/M-11)

## 2. Compare synchronous reluctance motor with switched reluctance motor.

(N/D-10)

3. What are the different types of rotor constructions of synchronous reluctance motor? (A/M-11)
Working of synchronous reluctance motor
4. Define Reluctance Torque
5. What is meant by synchronous reluctance?
Primary design considerations
6. List out the properties of synchronous reluctance hybrid motors.
7. What are the design considerations in synchronous reluctance motor?
Emf torque equation
8. Write the expression for the electromagnetic torque of a permanent magnet synchronous
reluctance motor.
(A/M-11)
9. Write the voltage equation of synchronous reluctance motor.
10. Write the torque equation of synchronous reluctance motor.
Phasor diagram of synchronous reluctance motor
11. Write the expressions for Xd and Xq in synchronous reluctance motor.
12. List out the applications of synchronous reluctance motor.
13. What are the advantages of increasing Ld /Lq ratio in synchronous reluctance motor?

PART B

## Working of synchronous reluctance motor

1. Distinguish between axial air gap synchronous reluctance motor and radial air gap synchronous
reluctance motor .
(8) (A/M-11)
2. Explain in detail, the principle of operation of synchronous reluctance motor.

(16)

3. Explain in detail, the constructional details and working principle of synchronous reluctance
motor.
(16)
4. Explain in detail, the construction and working principle of axial and radial gap synchronous
reluctance motor.
(16)
Phasor diagram of synchronous reluctance motor
5. Derive the expression for d-axis synchronous reactance of a permanent magnet synchronous
reluctance motor.
(16) (N/D-10)
Emf torque equation
6. Derive an equation for the open circuit emf of a synchronous reluctance motor.
7. Derive an equation for the torque of synchronous reluctance motor.

(16) (N/D-10)
(16)

8. Derive an expression for the reluctance torque of a radial air gap synchronous reluctance motor.
(16)

## UNIT II STEPPING MOTOR

PART A

Introduction
1. What are the applications of stepper motor?

(N/D-10)

(N/D-10)

(N/D-10)

## 4. What is meant by holding torque in a stepper motor?

5. What is meant by detent torque in a stepper motor?
6. A single stack 3 phase VR stepper motor has a step angle of 15, find the number of stator and
rotor poles.
Classification and principle of operation of stepper motors
7. What are the various types of stepper motor?

(A/M-10)

## 8. Define Stepping Angle

9. What are the main features of stepper motor which are responsible for its wide-spread use?
10. What is meant by microstepping in stepper motor?
11. Distinguish between stepper motor and SRM.
12. Differentiate VR, PM from hybrid stepper motors.
13. What are the disadvantages of stepper motor?
14. What are the salient differences between stepper motor and switched reluctance motor?
Characteristics of stepper motor
15. Draw the dynamic characteristics of a stepper motor.
Closed loop control of stepper motor
16. What is the significance of closed loop control of stepper motor?

(M/J-09)

PART B
Classification and principle of operation of stepper motors
1. Explain in detail, the construction and operation of stepper motor.

(16) (A/M-11)

2. Explain in detail, the construction and operation of a variable reluctance stepper motor.
(16) (M/J-11)
3. Explain in detail, the construction and working of a hybrid motor.
4. Explain in detail, the modes of excitation of a stepper motor with neat diagram.

(16)
(16) (M/J-11)

5. Explain in detail, the construction and principle of operation of a multistack variable reluctance
stepper motor.
(16)
Characteristics of stepper motor
6. Explain in detail, the dynamic characteristic of stepper motor with neat diagrams.

(16)

## Theory of torque prediction

7. Explain in detail, the concept of torque production in VR stepper motor.

(16)

## Drive system and control circuitry of stepper motor

8. Explain in detail, the following:
a) Drive circuits of stepper motor
b) Control circuits of stepper motor

(8)
(8) (M/J-11)

9. Explain in detail, the closed loop operation of a stepper motor with a neat block diagram.

(16)

10. Explain in detail the different types of power drive circuits for stepper motor.

(16)

## 11. Linear and nonlinear analysis

12. Explain in detail, the different types of logic sequencers for a stepper motor with a neat sketch.
(16)

## UNIT III SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR

PART A
Introduction
1. Compare synchronous reluctance motor with switched reluctance motor.

(N/D-10)

(N/D-10)

## 3. What are the applications of switched reluctance motor?

4. What is meant by SRM?
5. What are the essential differences between SRM and stepper motor?
6. What is meant by phase winding?
7. Construction and operation of SRM
8. What are the effects of saturation in SRM?
9. What are the different operating modes of switched reluctance motor?
10. What are the main components of SRM?
11. List out the advantages of switched reluctance motor.

(A/M-10)

12.

(A/M-10)

## 13. What are the advantages of SRM?

Computer control circuits of SRM
14. What is the purpose of power controller in SRM?
15. Why is the rotor position sensor essential for the operation of SRM?
16. What is the need of position sensors for SRM?
17. Draw the circuit of PWM type current control.
18. What is hysteresis current control?
19. What is the significance of closed loop control in SRM?
20. Write an expression for stroke and fundamental switching frequency in SRM.

PART B
Speed Torque characteristics
1. Explain in detail, the speedtorque characteristics of SRM.

(16) (N/D-10)

## Voltage and torque equations of SRM

2. Derive the torque expression for switched reluctance motor.

(16) (N/D-10)

## Computer control circuits of SRM

3. Explain the nonlinear analysis of SRM.

(16) (N/D-10)

## 4. Explain in detail, the role of microprocessors in controlling the SRM.

(16) (N/D-10)

5. Explain in detail, the different types of power controllers used in SRM with suitable circuit
diagram and waveforms.
(16) (M/J-11)
6. Explain in detail, the types of control schemes used for SRM.

(16)

## Construction and operation of SRM

7. Explain in detail, the working principle of SRM. Also derive its torque equation. (16) (M/J-11)
8. Explain in detail, the construction and operation of a C dump converter used for the control of
SRM.
(16)
9. Explain in detail, sensor-less scheme of SRM drive.

(16)

## UNIT IV PERMANENTMAGNET BRUSHLESS D.C. MOTOR

PART A
Introduction
1. Distinguish between brushless DC permanent magnet motor from conventional motor.(A/M-11)
2. Compare PMBLDC motor with SRM.
3. Define Soft Magnetic Materials and Hard Magnetic Materials
4. What are the advantages of PMBLDC motor?
5. What are the applications of PMDC motor?
6. What are the different types of PM materials used in PMDC motors?
7. Differentiate mechanical commutation from electronic commutation of PMBLDC motors.
Constructional features of PMBLDC motor
8. What is meant by electronic commutator?

(N/D-10)

## 9. What is meant by peak recovery current in PMBLDC motor?

Classification of PMBLDC motor
10. What are the different types of PMBL SQW DC motor?

(N/D-10)

## 11. What are the different types of PMBLDC motors?

12. What are the classifications of PMBLDC motor?
EMF equation of PMBLDC motor
13. Write the torque and emf equations of a square wave brushless motor.
Power controller and driver circuit
14. What is the role of hall sensor in PMBLDC motor?
15. What is meant by optical sensor?
16. What is meant by hall sensor?

(A/M-11)

Permeance coefficient
17. Define Permeance Co-efficient
18. Define Recoil Permeability
PART B
Constructional features of PMBLDC motor
1. Explain in detail, the construction and principle of operation of PMBLDC with neat diagram.
(16)
Principle of operation of PMBLDC motor
2. Explain in detail, the construction and principle of operation of PMBLDC motors.
(16) (A/M-11)
Voltage and torque equation of PMBLDC motor
3. Derive the emf equation of PMBLDC motor.

(16) (A/M-11)

## Power controller and driver circuit

4. Explain in detail, the working of different modes of operation in power controller circuits used
for PMBLDC motor.
(16) (A/M-11)
5. Describe in detail, the different types of rotor position sensors for PMBLC motors.

(16)

Permeance coefficient
6. Explain in detail, the operation of hall sensors and optical sensors used in PMBLDC motor. (16)
7. Explain in detail, the driver circuit along with closed loop computer control of PMBLDC motor.
(16)

## UNIT V PERMANENT MAGNET SYNHRONOUS MOTOR

PART A
Introduction
1. What are the applications of PMSM?

(A/M-10)

(N/D-09)

## 3. What are the features of PMSM?

Construction and principle of operation
5. What is meant by load commutation?
6. What is meant by slot-less motor?
7. What are the different types of rotors available in PMSM motor?
8. When does a PMSM operate as a synchronous reluctance motor?
EMF and torque equation
9. Write the expressions for input power and torque of a PMSM.
10. Write the torque and emf equation of PMSM.

(A/M-11)
(M/J-09)

11. What are the assumptions made in the derivation of emf equation of PMSM?
Torque . speed characteristics
12. Draw the speed torque characteristics of PMSM.

(N/D-10)

## Microprocessor based control of PMSM

13. What are the different types of power controllers used in PMSM?
14. What are the advantages of microprocessor based control of PMSM?
15. What is meant by self control?
16. What is meant by vector control?
17. What is meant by field oriented control of PMSM?

(A/M-11)
(M/J-09)

10

18. Write the expressions for the self and synchronous reactance of PMSM.
19. What is meant by pulsed mode?
PART B
Introduction
1. Compare the conventional 3 phase synchronous motor with 3 phase PMSM.

(16) (N/D-10)

## Construction and principle of operation

2. Explain in detail, the principle of operation of PMSM and also derive its power input and torque
expressions.
(16)
EMF and torque equation
3. Derive the torque equation in PMSM.

(8) (A/M-11)

(8) (A/M-11)

## Phasor diagram of PMSM

5. Explain in detail, the measurement of Ld and Lq of PMSM with phasor diagram. (16) (A/M-11)
Microprocessor based control of PMSM
6. Explain in detail, the working of microprocessor based control in PMSM.

(16) (A/M-11)

(16) (N/D-10)

## 8. Derive the following, for an ideal PMSM:

(a) Torque and emf equations
(b) Inductance of phase winding
(c) (c) Synchronous reactance

(16)

(16)