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Liceul Tehnologic Gheorghe Duca

M1 Comunicare intr-o limba straina

LIMBA ENGLEZA
SUPORT DE CURS

prof. Mosoiu Mihaela

Continutul cursului de Limba Engleza

Semestrul: I / II
1.Obiectivul general: dezvoltarea abilitatilor lingvistice de exprimare corecta, fluenta, si la un
nivel mediu de cunostiinte, att n scris ct si oral.
2.Scopul: dezvoltarea capacitatii de recunoastere, ntelegere, comentare si exersare a
constructiilor lingvistice nvatate, folosirea corecta a notiunilor de vocabular generale si specifice
domeniului economic.
3.Mijloace: manualul de curs practic, casete, caietul de curs practic, culegeri de
exercitii gramaticale si lexicale, scrisori comerciale si de afaceri.
4.Continutul cursului practic se bazeaza pe parcurgerea unor teme gramaticale si de vocabular
n diferite registre (formal si neformal, n scris si oral, fata n fata si la distanta).
5.Obiectivele: scopul cursului practic consta n deprinderea si exersarea a patru
abilitati comunicative dupa cum urmeaza:
a. Reading la sfrsitul semestrului studentii vor putea citi cu usurinta un text n limba engleza
cu grad de dificultate medie, recunoscnd constructii gramaticale de baza, vor formula
ntrebari si vor da raspunsuri pe baza textului, vor identifica sinonime, antonime si
omonime, vor putea alcatui familii de cuvinte, vor putea explica formarea cuvintelor
compuse si derivate, sa ordoneze paragrafe si texte scurte, sa stabileasca titlurile unor texte.
b. Listening - la sfrsitul semestrului studentii vor putea ntelege usor un monolog sau un
dialog n limba engleza si n acelasi timp vor reusi sa rezolve exercitiile corespunzatoare ( sa
completeze un tabel, sa bifeze anumite raspunsuri, sa dea raspunsuri n scris pe baza textului
nregistrat, sa retina cteva informatii din prezentarea nregistrata ).
c. Writing la sfrsitul semestrului studentii vor fi n stare sa scrie compuneri de lungime
medie pe o tema data, sa descrie un loc sau o persoana, sa scrie scrisori standard formale si
neformale, sa completeze formulare.
d. Speaking la sfrsitul semestrului studentii vor putea raspunde oral la ntrebari, vor purta
conversati pe o tema data, vor face descrieri orale de locuri si persoane, vor putea discuta
conform rolurilor primite, si vor putea exprima parerile personale n legatura cu diverse
teme n discutie conform subiectelor propuse de manualul cursului practic.

UNIT 1
Objectives:
a. Students will be albe to recognize and use the present tenses, both simple and continuous.
b. Students will be able to read and speak on a given subject (level elementary).
c. Students will be able to write simple, informal letters.
GRAMMAR
Present Tense
A. Present Tense Simple
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + Verb (Short Infinitive/+ -s/-es for third person singular)
Interrogative: Do/Does + Subject + Verb (Short Infinitive)?
Negative: Subject + do/does + not +Verb (Short Infinitive).
Use
1. habitual actions: I go to work every day.
2. repeated actions: He often goes to the cinema.
3. general truths: The sun rises in the east.
4. istantaneous present: The goal-keeper misses the ball.
5. exclamations: Hee comes the train!
6. planned actions: We leave London at eight.
7. the date: Tomorrow is Friday.
B. Present Continuous
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + am/is/are + Verb+ing.
Interrogative: Am/is/are + Subject + Verb+ing?
Negative: Subject + am/is/are + not + Verb+ing.
Use
1. an action in the moment of speaking: He is reading a book right now.
2. a progressive action which was not finished in the moment of speaking: He is doing
his work.
3. a repeated action in the moment of speaking: He is knocking at the door.
4. a temporary action: Tom is attending the Poly.
5. a planned action: We are leaving tomorrow.
Pactice: Put the verbs in brackets into the correct present tense (simple or continuous):
1. This book is about a man who (desert) his family and (go) to live on a Pacific island.
2. Why you (walk) so fast today? You usually (walk) quite slowly.
3. I (hurry) because I (meet) my mother at four oclock and she (not like) to be kept waiting.
4. When the curtain (rise) we (see) a group of workers. They (picket) a factory gate.
5. He never (listen) to what you say. He always (think) about something else.
6. You (hear) the wind? It (blow) very strongly tonight.
7. You (see) my car keys? I (look) for them but I (not see) them.
8. In most countries a child (start) school at six and (stay) for about five ears in a
primary school. Then he (move) to a secondary school. At 18 he (take) an exam.
9. Where he (come) from? He (come) from Japan.
10. Mr. Brown often (go) to the theatre but his wife (not go) very often. He (like) all sorts
of plays but she (prefer) comedies.

READING AND LISTENING

Paola is an Italian student of English at a school in London. Read and listen to her letter
to David, her pen friend.

72 Newton Drive
London SW 6
rd

3 October

Dear David
How are you? Im fine. Im in London, at the International School of English. Im in a class 3
with eight other students. Theyre all from different countries- Spain, France, Japan,
Argentina, Switzerland, and Thailand. Our teachers name is Peter Briscall. Hes very nice.
Hes funny and hes a very good teacher.
My new address is at the top of the letter. Im with an English family, the Browns. Mrs.and
Mr. Brown have three children. Thomas is fourteen, Catherine is twelve, and Andrew is seven.
They are all very friendly, but it isnt easy to understand them!
London is very big and very interesting. The weather is good - cold but sunny - and the parks
are beautiful! Hyde Park, Green Park, and St. James` Park are all in the centre. It isnt easy to
use the Underground, but I understand it now. Its very expensive!
English food is OK, but the coffee is horrible!
Write to me soon.
Love, Paola
P.S. Is my English OK?

Questions:
1. Who is Paola?
2. Where is she studying?
3. What is she studying?
4. What is the teachers name?
5. Where is she staying?
6. How old is Thomas? But Catherine?
7. Is English coffee OK?

Writing: Write a similar letter to one of your pen friends.

READING
AND
LISTENING

Pre-reading task
1. Look at the
map. Which
two countries
are they?
Write the
names of the
capital cities
on the map.
2. Check
the
meani
ng of
the
underl
ined
words
in
your
dictio
nary.
H
e
l
e
a
v
e
s

h
o
m
e
.
S
h
e
d
r
i
v
e
s
t
o
w
o
r
k
.

He
catches
a train
at 9.00.
a ferry
She
arrives
at work
at 8.30.
The
journey
takes
twenty
minutes.
It
cost
s
only
ten
pen
ce.
Fort
unat
ely

Reading
Read the
text.
Answer the
three
questions.
a. Where does
Mr. Garret
live?
b. Whats his
job?
c. Where does
he work?

The longdistance
teacher
Mr. Frank Garret,
65,
is
a
schoolteacher. He is
English, but he
lives in France, in
the
Normandy
village of Yerville.
Mr. Garret lives in
France, but he
works in England.
Every Monday he
leaves home at 2.30
in the morning and
drives 101 miles
from his village to
Boulogne, where he
leaves his car and
catches the ferry to
Folkestone. Then he
catches the train to
Maidstone in Kent
and he arrives at
Manor School at
8.25. He teaches
French from 9.00 in
the morning to 3.30
in the afternoon, and
then leaves school.
He arrives home at
9.30 in the evening.
The journey there
and
back
takes
twelve hours and
costs only 16!

Fortunately,
Mr.
Garret works in
England only one
day a week.
And what does he
do on the other
days? He teaches
English! He has a

class of eighteen
French students in
Yerville.
' Yes, on Tuesday
Im tired,' he says,
'but I love my job in
England and I love
my home in France.
I'm happy man! '

Vocabulary
Suffixes and prefixes
1. Identify the roots in the following derivatives:
Application, blockage, booklet, boredom, bravery, breakage, capitalism, consistency, consumption,
drunkard, employee, gangsterism, idealism, intricacy, importance, lemonade, mathematician,
naturalist, relevancy, scientist, spinster, strength, supremacy, Vietnamese.

2. Attach the appropriate suffixes to the following words:


a. advise, arm, boil, cigar, drop, free, hand, kitchen, mine, mouth, level, novel,
percent, person, short, spoon, train, wait, wave.
b. Suffixes: -age, -doom, -ee, -er, -ette, - ful, - let, - y.

3. Identify the noun forming prefixes in the following derivatives:


Anticlimax, arch-bishop, co-partner, dissatisfaction, ex-soldier, forefinger, inattention,
impossibility, midday, misprint, noncomformist, neo-realism, overstrain, post- meridian,
predominant, pro-rector, reaction, self-determination, semi-darkness, subtitle,
superstructure, undersecretary, vice-admiral.

4. Combine the suffixes with the words:


a. active
b. achieve
c. compose
d. deliver
e. fair
f. fellow
g. man
h. pagan
i. perform
j. supreme
k. wide

1. acy
2. ance
3. ation
4. hood
5. ism
6. ity
7. ment
8. ness
9. ship
10. th
11. ure
12. y

UNIT 2
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to recognize and use the past tenses, both simple
and continuous.
b. Students will be able to read a text and answer the questions.
c. Students will be able to form Wh-questions.
GRAMMAR
Past Tense
A. Past Tense Simple
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + Veb (-ed, II)
Interrogative: Did + Subject + Verb (Short Infinitive)?
Negative: Subject + did + not + Verb (Short Infinitive).
Use
1. a past action: I went to the opera last night.
2. a repeated action in the past: I often visited him.
B. Past Tense Continuous
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + Was/Were + Verb+ing.
Interrogative: Was/Were + Subject + Verb+ing?
Negative: Subject + Was/Were + not + Verb+ing.
Use
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

a progressive action in the past: I was walking at this time last week.
a progressive action interrupted by a momentary action: He came in when I was eating.
two progressive past actions: She was reading while I was sleeping.
an unfinished past action: He was reading a book last night.
a repeated action in the past: He was always coming late to the English classes.
a temporary action: He was living in Madrid when I met him.
a future action which was planned in the past, but was not fulfilled: We were leaving the
next day.

Practice: Put the verbs in brackets into the Simple Past or Past Continuous:
1. He (sit) on the banch fishing when he (see) a mans hat floating down the river. It (seem)
strangely familiar.
2. It (snow) heavily when he (wake) up. He (remember) the Jack (come) for lunch and
(decide) to go down to the station to meet him in case he (lose) his way in the snow.
3. When I (reach) the street I (realize) that I (not know) the number of Toms house. I (wonder)
what to do about it when Tom himself (tap) me on the shoulder.
4. I (pick) up the receiver and (dial) the number. To my surprise I (find) myself listening to an
extraordinary conversation. Two men (plan) to kidnap the Prime Minister.
5. While I (wonder) whether to buy the dress or not, someone else (come) and (buy) it.
6. She (promise) not to eport me to the police but ten minutes later I (see) her talking with
a policeman, and I am sure she (tell) him all about it.
7. As the goal-keeper (run) forward to seize the ball, a bottle (strike) him on the shoulder.
8. As it (rain) the children (play) in the sitting-room. Tom (try) to write a letter but the
children (keep) asking him questions.

Grammar
Practice
Put the verbs in brackets into the Simple Past or Past Continuous:
1. He (sit) on the banch fishing when he (see) a mans hat floating down the river. It (seem)
strangely familiar.
2. It (snow) heavily when he (wake) up. He (remember) that Jack (come) for lunch and
(decide) to go down to the station to meet him in case he (lose) his way in the snow.
3. When I (reach) the street I (realize) that I ( not know) the number of Toms house. I (wonder)
what to do about it when Tom himself (tap) me on the shoulder.
4. As the goal-keeper (run) forward to seize the ball, a bottle (stike) him on the shoulder.
5. I (look) through the clssroom window. A geometry lesson (go) on. The teacher (draw) diagrams
on the blackboard.
6. Most of the boys (listen) to the teacher but a few (whisper) to each other, and Tom (read) a
history book. Tom (hate) mathematics, he always (read) history during the mathematics
lessons.
7. She (promise) not to report me to the police but ten minutes later I (see) her talking with
a policeman and from the expression on his face I am sure she (tell) him all about it.
8. I (pick) up the receiver and (dial) a number. To my surprise I (find) myself listening to
an exxtraordinary conversation. Two men (plan) to kidnap the Prime Minister.
9. I (meet) Paul at the university. We both (be) in the same year. He (study) law, but he (not be)
very interested in it and (spend) most of his time practicing the flute.
10. My neighbour (look) in last night and (say) that he (leave) the district and (go) to Yorkshire, to
a new job. I (say) that I (be) very sorry that he (go) and (tell) him to write to me from Yorkshire
and tell me how he (get) on.
11. I (go) to Jcks house but (not find) him in. His mother (say) that she (not know) what he
(do) but (think) he probably (play) football.
12. This used to be a station and all the London trains (stop) here. But two years ago they
(close) the station and (give) us a bus service instead.
13. Ann works in the branch where the big robbery (take) place. She actually (work) there at
the time of the raid?
14. When Ann (say) that she (come) to see me the next day, I (wonder) what flowers she would
bring. She always brings flowers.
15. While I (wonder) whether to buy the dress or not, someone else (come and (buy) it.
16. My dog (attack) the postman as he (put) the letters into the letter box. The man (thrust) a large
envelope into the dogs mouth and of course he (tear) it. Unfortunatelly the letter (contain) my
diploma. I (patch) the diploma with Sellotape but it still looks a bit odd.
17. We (not get) much sleep last night because the people next door (have) a noisy party. I (ring)up
the landlord and (say) that his tenants (make) too much noise. He (point out) that it (be)
Saturday and that people often (have) parties on Saturdays nights. I (say) that the people in his
house always (have) parties.
18. How you (break) your leg?/ I (fall) off the ladder whe n I(put up) the curtains.The worst of
it (be) that it (be) just before the holidays and I (go) away.
19. So you (not go) away?/ No, of couse not. I (cancel) my bookings and (spend) the
holiday hobbling about at home.
20. As it (rain) the children (play) in the sitting-room. Tom was there too. He (try) to write a letter
but he (not get on) very well because the children (keep) asking him questions.

Charles Dickens (1812- 1870)


DICKENS THE MAN
Charles Dickens is one of the greatest
novelists in the English language. He
wrote about the real world of Victorian
England and many of his characters
were not rich, middleclass ladies and
gentlemen, but poor and hungry
people.

DICKENS THE CHILD


His family lived in London. His father
was a clerk in an office. It was a good
job, but he always spent more money
than he earned and he was often in
debt. There were eight children in the
family, so life was hard.
Charles went to school and his
teachers thought he was very clever.
But suddenly, when he was only
eleven, his father went to prison for his
debts and the family went, too.
Only Charles didnt go to prison. He
went to work in a factory, where he
washed bottles. He worked ten hours a
day and earned six shillings (30p) a
week. Every night, after work, he
walked four miles back to his room.
Charles hated it and never forgot the
experience. He used it in many novels,
especially David Copperfield
and Oliver Twist.
DICKENS THE WRITER
When he was sixteen, he started works
for a newspaper. He visited law courts
and the Houses of Parliament. Soon he
was one of the Morning Chronicles
best journalists. He also wrote short
stories for magazines. There were
funny descriptions of people that he
met. Dickens` characters were full of

Dickens had ten children, but he didnt


have happy family life. He was
successful in his work but not at home,
and his wife left him. He never
stopped writing and travelling, and he
died very suddenly in 1870.

colour and life- good people were very,


very, very good and bad people were
horrible. His books became popular in
many countries and he spent a lot of
time abroad, in America, Italy, and
Switzerland.

Writing
1. Write about your past. Use these ideas to
help you.
Born Parents School Free time First job
when? work? like?
sports?
what?
where? live?
not like? hobbies? when?
earn?
2. Answer the questions.
a. How old was Dickens when he died?
b. How many brothers and sisters did he
have?
c. Was he good at school?
d. Why did he leave school when he was
eleven?
e. Who was in prison?
f. What did Charles do in his first job?
g. What was his next job?
h. Was he happy at home?
i. When did he stop writing?

INSIDE

Buckingham Palace
THE PALACE
There are two addresses in
London that the whole world knows.
One is 10 Downing Street, where the
Prime Minister lives. The other is
Buckingham Palace. This famous
palace, first built in 1703, is in the very
centre of London.
It is two places, not one. It is a
family house, where children play and
grow up. It is also the place where
presidents, kings, and politicians go to
meet the Queen.
Buckingham Palace is like a
small town, with a police station, two
post offices, a hospital, a bar, two
sports clubs, a disco, a cinema, and a
swimming pool. There are 600 rooms
and three miles of red carpet. Two men
work full/time to look after the 300
clocks. About 700 people work in the
Palace.

THE QUEEN`S DAY


When the Queen gets up in the
morning, seven people look after her.
One starts her bath, one prepares her
clothes, and one feeds the Royal dogs.
She has eight or nine dogs, and they
sleep in their own bedroom near the
Queens bedroom. Two people bring
her breakfast. She has coffee from
Harrods, toast, and eggs. Every day for
fifteen minutes, a piper plays Scottish
music outside her room and the Queen
reads The Times.
Every Tuesday evening, she
meets the Prime Minister. They talk
about world news and have a drink,
perhaps a gin and tonic or a whisky.

AN INVITATION TO
THE
PALACE
When the Queen invites a lot of
people for dinner, it takes three days to
prepare the table and three days to do
the washing- up. Everybody has five
glasses: one for red wine, one for white

wine, one for

water, one for port, and one for liqueur.


During the first and second courses,
the Queen speaks to the person on her
left and then she speaks to the person
on her right for the rest of the meal.
When the Queen finishes her food,
everybody finishes, and it is time for
the next course!
Comprehension check
1. Are the sentences true (v) or
false (x)? Correct the false
sentences.
a. The Palace is more than two
hundred years old.
b. It is famous because it is the
centre of London.
c. The same person starts the
Queens bath, prepares her
clothes, and feeds the dogs.
d. The dogs sleep in the Queens
bedroom.
e. The Queen and the Prime
Minister go out for a drink on
Tuesday nights.
2. Answer the questions.
a. Buckingham Palace is two
places, not one. How?
b. Why is it like a small town?
c. Are there a lot of clocks?
d. How many dogs does the Queen
have?
e. What newspaper does she read?
f. What sort of music does the
piper play?
g. Why do people have five glasses
on the table?
h. Who does the Queen speak to
during a meal?
i. What happens when the Queen
finishes her food?
3. Check the meaning of new
words in your dictionary or
with your teacher.
inside (prep)
(v)
the whole world
famous (adj)

to prepare
own (adj)
piper (n)

grow up (v)
(prep)
like (prep)
course(food) (n)

outside

everybody(pron)
during
(prep)
do the washing- up (v)

Biographies
Read the biography of William Shakespeare.
Shakespeare, William, 1564 1616,
English dramatist and poet, considered the greatest of all playwrights; b.Stratford-upon-Avon.
He was the son of a glove maker and leather craftsman, and attended the local grammar school.
In 1582 he married Anne Hathway, and his first child, a daughter, was born within six months.
Two years later they had twins. Little else of his life is known before 1594, when he appeared
in London as an actor and a playwright with a growing reputation. In 1594 he joined a group of
actors known as the Lord Chamberlains Men, which became the Kings Men under the
patronage of James I. In 1599 he bought the Globe Theatre. He retired to Stratford- upon-Avon
in 1613. He wrote at least thirty-seven plays: history plays, comedies and tragedies. Their
appeal lies in his human vision, which recognises the complexity of moral questions, and in the
richness of his language.
Ask and answer questions about Shakespeare.
- When?
- Where...?
- What.?
- Did he...?
- Who..?
- How many.?
- What sort of..?

Read the biography of Jeffrey Archer.


Archer, Jeffrey, was born in 1940, and was educated at Wellington School and Oxford University. In
1969 he became a Member of Parliament when he won a by-election. At 29, he was the youngest
member of the Ho use of Commons. He resigned from Parliament in 1974 because he had debts of
over $ 427,000, following the collapse of a Canadian company in which he had invested.
In the same year he wrote his first novel, Not a Penny More, Not a Penny Less, which was
based on his business experiences. He has been writing ever since, and all six of his novels have
been best sellers. They have been translated into over fifteen languages. His most successful
novel, Kane and Abel, has sold more than four million copie s world-wide, and has been made
into a television series.
After the success of his books, he decided to return to politics. From September 1985 to
October 1986 he was Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. He married his wife in 1966,
and they live with their two children in Cambridge and London.

Ask and answer questions about jeffrey Archer.


- When?
- Where...?
- What.?
- Why.?
- How many.?
- How long..?
- Have any..films

UNIT 3
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to make a difference between the simple and the progressive aspect.
b. Students will be able to recreate a text from pieces.
c. Students will be able to comment about the stories presented in the texts and to express their own
experiences.
GRAMMAR
Verbs not normally used in the continuous aspect
a. Verbs of non-durative activity: score, shoot, slam, kick, etc.
Eg. He bangs the door.
b. Verbs of universal truth or general characteristic:
Eg. Fish swim.
c. Verbs of inert perception: see, hear, smell, feel, sound, taste.
Eg. The flower smells nice.
Attention: These verbs can be used in the continuous aspect if they show a conscious usage of
the senses:
1. by using synonymic pairs: I hear music. / I am listening to the music.
2. by using them with a diffeent meaning: I am seeing him tonight.
3. by usin the transitively (as actions): The cake tastes good. / I am tasting the cake.
d. Verbs of cognition: believe, know, think, imagine, mean, mind, remember, forget,
recollect, recall, suppose, suspect, guess, presuppose, realize, understand. Some of them can be
used in the continuous aspect if they are used as verbs of activity.
Eg. I think you are right. / I am thinking of my future.
e. Verbs of feelings: like, love, care for, adore, hate, dislike, detest, regret, pefer,
wish. Eg. I detest lazy people.
f. Verbs of relation: apply to, be, belong to, concern, consist of, contain, cost, depend
on, deserve, include, involve, lack, matte, need, owe, own, possess, have, require, resemble,
seem. Eg. This book belongs to him.
Attention: BE and HAVE can be used in the continuous aspect when they do not express the state or
the possession.
Eg. He is kind. / Why is he being so kind today?
He has a new car. / We are having an interesting conversation.
that people cant?
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
Example: Birds can fly.
2. What can people do that animals
Reading and speaking
cant?
Example: We can write poetry.
Pre-reading task
3. Look up the following words in your
Work in pairs.
bilingual dictionary and write down
1. Write down the names of as many
the translation.
animals as you can. What can they do
jungle (n)
species (n)

numerous (adj)
to record (v) e.g.
information in a book
joke (n)
to destroy (v)

powerful (adj)
sense (n)
to choose (v)
to look after (v)

b.
c.
2.

Hello people of the World!


They are five billion people in the
world and they live in all different corners of
it. They live on the snow and ice of the Poles
and in the tropical jungles on the equator.
They have climbed the highest mountains and
walked on the sea bed. Some of them have
even left the earth and visited the moon.
The human species is the most
numerous and the most powerful of all the
animals on earth. How did this happen? In
many ways, animals can do things better than
we can. Dogs can smell and hear better than
we can. Cats can see in the dark. Birds can fly
thousands of miles away and return to the
same place every year. But we are different.
No other animal build cathedrals, plays
football, tells jokes, gets married, has prisons,

3.
4.

Reading
Now read the article.
1. Write down the correct question for
each paragraph.
a. How are people and animals
different?
How many people are there?
What can people choose to do?
d. What is the biggest difference
between people and animals?
Check your lists of what people and
animals can and cant do. What ideas did you
have that are not in the article?
How do people communicate?
Why is writing a special kind of
communication?

What do you think?


1. Do animals have a sense of past and
future?
2.
How do animals communicate?
3.
In what ways are we looking after the
world, and in what ways are we destroying it?
writes symphonies, elects presidents, or goes
to the moon.
There is one thing above all that
makes people and animals different. People
love to talk-talk-talk. We are the great
communicators! And we can communicate so
many things in so many ways- with our faces,
our hands, our bodies, and our voices. Most
important of all, we can record what we say
and think in writing, so that we can
communicate through time. We have a sense
of past and future, not just present.
We are the only species that can
change the world, and we are the only species
that can choose either to look after our wood
or to destroy it.

READING AND SPEAKING

Reading

Pre-reading

Divide into two groups.

What do teenagers like doing in your country?


Think of three things and tell the others in the
class.

Group A Read about Ivan Mirsky.


Group B Read about Jaya Rajah.
Answer the questions.

g. How was he different when he was


very young?
What does he do in the evening?
Can his father speak English?
Does he have any friends?
What does he do in his free time?

Comprehension check
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

How old is he?


Does he go to school?
Where was he born?
Where does he live with?
Who does he live with?
What does his father do?

h.
i.
j.
k.

Check your answers with your group.

Ivan Mirsky is thirteen and he is the number 13 chess player in the world.
He was born in Russia but now lives in America with his father, Vadim. They live in a oneroom flat in Brooklyn. Ivan doesnt go to school and his father doesnt have a job. They practice
chess problems all day, every day, morning, afternoon, and evening.
Ivan was different from a very young age: he could ride a bike when he was eighteen
months old and read before he was two. He could play cards at three and the piano at four. When he
was twelve, he was the under-20 chess champion of Russia.
His father cant speak English and cant play chess, either! Ivan translates for him. Vadim
says, I know that I cant play chess, but I can still help Ivan. He and I dont have any friends- we
dont want any friends. Other teenagers are boring! We dont like playing sports or watching TV.
We live for chess!

TWO TEENAGE GENIUSES


Jaya Rajah is fourteen, but he doesnt go to school. He studies medicine at New York
University in a class of twenty-year-olds. Jaya was born in Madras in India but now lives in a house
in New York with his mother, father, and brother. They can all speak English fluently. His father is a
doctor.
Jaya was different from a very young age. He could count before he could say Mummy or
Daddy. He could answer questions on calculus when he was five and do algebra when he was
eight.
Now he studies from 8.15 to 4.00 every day at the university. Then he studies at home with
his father from 6.30 to 10.00 every evening.
Jaya doesnt have any friends. He never goes out in the evenings, but he sometimes watches
TV. He says, I live for one thing- I want to be a doctor before I am seventeen. Other children of my
age are boring. They cant understand me.
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
1
2
3
4
5
Reading
Arranging jumbled texts

Jeremy Taylor:
1
2
3

Here are three stories about people who have


started their own businesses, but the stories
have been mixed up.
First read the paragraphs quickly and decide
which paragraphs go with which story.
Then put them in the right order.

John Glover:
1
2

James McClarty:

a.
James McClarty, 16, runs a part-time
bakery delivery service. Every Friday evening
he goes round his local village selling his
wares-bread, rolls and teacakes, which he

buys wholesale from a bakery.


b.
Jeremy Taylor has had his market
garden for 18 months now, growing fruit and
vegetables for local consumption. He is most
proud of his early potatoes and juicy
raspberries. He thought starting a business
would be complicated, but in fact he found it
was quite straightforward.
c.
He had the excellent idea of giving out
free hot cross buns before Easter, and as a
result he got bumper orders for the Easter
weekend. Ive already expanded to include
the next village, but Ive employed a friend to
do the delivering.
d.
But there werent any. I still had 100
and my bike. Im lousy at mathematics, but
my girlfriend Lynn was good at accounts, so
we set up with another friend, Paul, as a third
partner.

e.
James likes the extra money, but he
does have one complaint. Im getting fat. I
cant help eating the teacakes!
f.
At first they found it very difficult to
get known. Nothing seemed to work- leaflets
and adverts in the paper brought nobody.
Then slowly the customers trickled in.
g.
Since then they have grown and
grown. We use up to 20 riders and we buy
ourselves a new bike every year. Weve
learned a lot about management, and were
now pretty confident about the future.
h.
But his organization is far from oldfashioned. He has bought a computer, which
he uses to work out orders, costs and profit.
He has had the business for nine months.
i.
He was given good advice by his bank
manager. Start small, consolidate and expand
gradually. Theres been an increased demand
for really fresh vegetables, and my produce is
picked, packed and sold within 24 hours.
j.
A clever observation by John Glover
gave him and two of his friends the idea for
their small business. Wed all had jobs but
we were made redundant. I had seen a lot of
motorcycle couriers in London, so I thought I
would try and get a job with one locally.
k.
Ive always loved gardening, and the
thought of making a living out of a hobby is
wonderful.
l.
There hasnt been a baker in the
village since the big supermarkets opened in
town 10 years ago. People like the service and
especially the old- fashioned bread

UNIT 4
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to identify and use adverbs and adjectives in their degrees of
comparison.
b. Students will be able to make a person description.
Reading and speaking
You are going to read a magazine article about one of Britains most famous shop-Marks &
Spencer.
Pre-reading task
Work in pairs and use dictionaries if necessary.
The following people, places, and things are in the article. What connection do you think they have
with Marks & Spencer? They appear here in the same order as in the text.
- Princess Diana
- 10 million
- a Polish immigrant
- shoelaces
- Spain
- Paris and Newcastle
- Jumpers
- chiropodists
Now read the article quickly and discuss the list again.
world - in America, Canada, Spain, France,
Belgium, and Hungary.
MARKS & SPENCER
Britains favourite store

What are the best sellers?

Marks & Spencer (or M&S) is


Britains favourite store. Tourists love it too. It
attracts a great variety of customers, from
housewives to millionaires. Princess Diana,
Dustin Hoffman, and the British Prime
Minister are just a few of its famous
customers.
Last year it made a profit of 529
million, which is more than 10 million a
week.

Surprisingly, tastes in food and clothes


are international. What sells well in Paris sells
just as well in Newcastle. Their best-selling
clothes are:
For women: jumpers, bras, and knickers
(M&S is famous for its knickers!).
For men: shirts, socks, pyjamas, dressing
gowns, and suits.
For children: underwear and socks.

How did it all begin?


It all started 105 years ago, when a
young Polish immigrant, Michael Marks, had
a stall in Leeds market. He didnt have many
things to sell: some cotton, a little wool, lots
of buttons, and few shoelaces. Above his stall
he put the now famous notice:
DON`T ASK HOW MUCH- IT`S A PENNY.

Ten years later, he met Tom Spencer


and together they started Penny Stalls in many
towns in the north of England. Today there are
564 branches of M&S all over the

Best-sellers in food include: fresh


chickens, bread, vegetables, and sandwiches.
Chicken Kiev is internationally the most
popular convenience food.
Why is M&S so successful?
The store bases its most important key
to its success is its happy, well- trained staff.
Conditions of work are excellent. There are
company doctors, dentists, hairdressers, and
even chiropodists to look after the staff, and
all the staff can have lunch for under 40p!

GRAMMAR
The adjective and the adverb
Adjective Adjectives have the same form fo singular and plural. They do not change for male or
female. Most adjectives are used in front of the nouns.
Some adjectives describe similar qualities (hot, cold): hot-warm-boiling, cool-coldfreezing.
Comparative adjectives with one syllable are formed by adding e r to the
adjective. Eg. Long Longer, Big Bigger, Dry Drier
Superlative adjectives are formed by adding est to the adjective.
Eg. Long Longest, Big Biggest, Dry Driest
Comparative adjectives with two or more syllables are formed with more, and the
superlative of these adjectives is fomed with the most.
Eg. Modern more Modern the most Modern
Interesting more Interesting the most Interesting
Irregular adjectives:
Good better the best
Bad worse the worst
Far farther/further the farthest/the
furthest Little less the least
Much/many more the
most Old elder the eldest
Adverbs Adverbs describe actions. Most adverbs are formed from adjectives adding ly (slow
slowly). Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives (fast), but some adverbs have the same
form as the adjective and a different meanig for the adverb meaning (a hard question/ to work hard)
Most adverbs have comparative and superlative forms in er and est (early, far, fast,
hard, late). Comparatives are used to compare two separate things; superlatives compare oe thing I
the group with all the other things in that group.
Eg. Maru is a better player than Monica. / She is the best player in the team.
Intensifiers
When we make comparisons the adjective is often strengthened with an intensifier: This house is
much/a lot/far bigger than that one.
We can also use intensifiers with more/less: The Italian film was much more interesting./ That film
was far less frightening tha this one.
Practice: Choose the correct word:
1. The fish was so tasty as/as tasty as the meat.
2. This book is the most interesting/the more interesting.
3. The temple is the eldest/oldest in Europe.
4. That dress is a lot longer than/that the other one.
5. Nothing is worse/worst than being stuck in a traffic jam.
6. The test was not as had as/hard as I thought.
7. Today I feel more bad/worse than I did yesterday.
8. Our journey took longer than/the longest we expected.
9. Could you work more quietly/ quietly please?
10. This skyscraper is one of the taller/tallest building in our city.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT

Reading and speaking

You are going to read a newspaper article


about the Sultan of Brunei. He is the richest
man in the world.
Pre-reading task
1. Have you heard of the country of
Brunei? Do you know where it is?
Is it in the Middle East/ East Asia/ West
Africa?

2. Check in your dictionary that you


understand the following words:
extravagant (adj)
shy (adj)
wealth (n)/ wealthy (adj)
reserved (adj)
to share (v)
e.g. a reserved
person
chandelier (n)
outgoing (adj)
despite (prep)
e.g. an outgoing
person
Reading for information
Now read the article quite quickly. As you
read, check if you were right about where
Brunei is. Decide what you think is the most
extravagant way the Sultan spends his money.
Discuss your ideas in pairs.

THE RICHEST MAN IN THE WORLD

A year ago the Sultan of Brunei gave a birthday party for his eleven- year-old daughter. It
was in the ballroom of Claridges Hotel, in Mayfair, London. It cost 100,000, but for the Sultan this
is not a great amount of money. He is so rich that he can buy whatever he wants.
A few years ago he built the biggest palace in the world. It has 1,788 rooms, 5 swimming
pools, 257 toilets, 44 staircases and 18 lifts. The dining room can seat 4,000 people. There are 564
chandeliers with 51,490 light bulbs. A servant is employed full time to change bulbs- about 200 a
day. The total cost of the palace was $400 million. The Sultan invited his friends to see it but they
didnt like it- they said it looked more like a multi-storey car park than a palace. What could the
Sultan do? You guessed- he built another one!
Brunei is one of the smallest but richest countries in the world. Its wealth comes from oil
and gas. Most people think that Brunei is in the Middle East but it isnt. Its in East Asia, on the
north coast of the island of Borneo. It sells the oil and gas to Japan, and earns $2 billion a year- that
is $229,000 every hour- from it. And the beauty is that there are so few people to share all this
money. The population of Brunei is only 230,000. The Sultan and his brothers are the government.
Despite all this money and power the Sultan is a very shy man. He is 42 years old but still
looks like a schoolboy. He says very little at international meetings. When he was nineteen he
married his cousin, Princess Saleha, who was then sweet, pretty, and only sixteen. Time passed and
she became more and more reserved. In 1980 the Sultan met an air hostess called Mariam Bell, who
is half Bruneian, a quarter Japanese, and a quarter English. She is much more outgoing in her
manner than most Bruneian girls, and the Sultan fell in love with her. He married her, too, and now
has two wives and two families all living happily together in the new palace. The Sultans total
wealth is more than $25 billion. He owns hotels all round the world: the Dorchester in London, the
Beverley Hills Hotel in Los Angeles and the Hyatt Hotel in Singapore. He has a fleet of private
planes, including an airbus. One of his London houses has the biggest garden in the city, except for
Buckingham Palace. With all this, is he a happy man? Nobody asks him that.

UNIT 5
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to recognize and use the future tense.
b. Students will become familiar with the other ways of expressing the future.
c. Students will be able to make predictions, and imagine how their lives will be in the
following centuries.
GRAMMAR
Future
A. Future Simple
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + will/shall + Verb (short infinitive)
Interrogative: Will/Shall + Subject + Verb (short infinitive)?
Negative: Subject + will/shall + not + Verb (short infinitive).
Use
1. an action in a future moment: He will come back tomorrow.
2. a spontaneous intention: I will open the window.
3. a premeditated action: I will sell that book no matter what you are saying.
4. the refusal: I will not go there.
5. an invitation: Will you come in, please?
6. a request: Will you help me?
7. a request for an opinion: Shall I buy this dress?
Other ways of expressing the future:
1. Be about to + Verb (short infinitive) = an immediate future: We are about to leave.
2. Be to + Verb (short infinitive) = an arrangement (I am to move house soon) and an order
(You are to return before nightfall)
3. Be going to + Verb (short infinitive) = a future action very close to the moment of speaking:
(You are going to see a film); a future action that will take place because of a present
intention (We are going to spend our holiday in the mountains); and a future action that will
take place as a result of a present cause (Its going to rain).
B. Future Continuous
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + will/shall + be + Verb+ing.
Interrogative: Will/Shall + Subject + be + Verb+ing?
Negative: Subject + will/shall + not + be + Verb+ing.
Use
1. a future continuous action: I shall be walking at two oclock tomorrow.
2. a future continuous action interrupted by a momentary action: When he comes, I will
be sleeping.
3. two future continuous actions: He will be reading while I shall be watching TV.
4. a future unfinished action: She will be having her piano lesson when you come.
Practice: Rewrite each sentence so that it contains will or going to.
1. I plan to study engineering in France.
2. I predict a score of 3 0.
3. We have an appointment at the doctors, so we can not come.
4. Martins wife is pregnant again.
5. Sarah does not plan to get married yet.
6. There is a posibility of snow tomorrow.

LIFE IN THE 21st CENTURY


PRESENTATION

Where will people live in the Twenty-fist century?


Read the next text about JAPAN.
Living in the skies
Louise Hidalgo considers life in the 21st century, with two-kilometre high
buildings, and Japanese cities that touch the sky.
Imagine a building one third of the height of Mount Everest, built by robots,
and containing a whole city. Imagine you can walk out of your front door in a Tshirt and shorts on a cold winter day and take a lift down 500 floors to school.
Imagine you can see the sea a mile below you. Imagine you can never open a
window. Imagine
Well, if Japanese architects find enough money for their project, in the 21 st
century you will be able to live in a building like that.
Ohbayashi Gumi has designed a two-kilometre high building, Aeropolis,
which will stand in the middle of Tokyo Bay. Over 300,000 people will live in it. It
will be 500 floors high, and in special lifts it will take just 15 minutes to get from
top to bottom. Restaurants, offices, flats, cinemas, schools, hospitals, and post
offices will all be just a few lift stops away. According to the architects, Aeropolis
will be the first city of the sky. When we get to the end of this century, Tokyo will
have a population o over 15 million people, said design manager Mr. Shuzimo.
There is not enough land in Japan. We are going to start doing tests to find the best
place to build it. I hope people will like living on the 500 th floor. Will not people
want to have trees and flowers around them? We are going to have green floors,
where children can play and office workers can eat their lunch-break sandwiches.
What about the fires? If there is a fire, it will be put out by robots. I hope we will
get the money we need to build. As soon as we do, we will start. This will be the
most exciting building in the world.
What do you think?
1.Would you like to live in Aeropolis?
2. Mr. Shuzimo expresses two future intentions and to hopes. Find them in the text.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT: READING AND SPEAKING


ENGLISH FOOD
What do you think influences a coutrys
food? Have you ever tried English food?
READING FOR GIST: Read this magazine article about English food.

I am always both amused and annoyed when I hear foreign people criticize
English food. `Its unimaginative, ` they say. `Its boring, its tasteless, its chips with
everything and totally overcooked vegetables. ` ` Its unambitious, ` say the French, `all
you do is roasts with jam. ` (We eat apple sauce with pork.) Thats the bit they find really
shocking, but then the French are easily shocked by things that arent French. When I
ask these visitors where they have experienced English cooking, I am astonished by their
reply. `In Wimpy Bars and McDonalds Hamburger restaurants, ` they often say. I have
won my case. Their conclusions are inexcusable.

I have a theory about English cooking, and I was interested to read that
several famous cookery writers agree with me. My theory is this. Our basic
ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that we havent had to invent sauces
and complex recipes to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh
peas or new potatoes just boiled (not over boiled) and served with butter? Why
drown spring lamb in wine or cream or yoghurt and spices, when with just one or
two herbs it is absolutely delicious?

It is interesting to speculate what part factors such as geography and climate play
in the creation of a countrys food. We complain about our wet and changeable weather,
but it is the rain which gives us our rich soil and green grass. `Abroad, ` says Jane
Grigson, `poor soils meant more searching for food, more discovery, more invention,
whereas our ancestors sat down to plenty without having to take trouble. `

If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will
probably say `Fish and chips` and then stop. It is disappointing, but true, that there
is no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because our food doesnt lend
itself to such preparation. English cooking is found in the home, where it is
possible to time the dishes to perfection. So it is difficult to find a good English
restaurant with reasonable prices.

It is for these reasons that we havent exported our dishes, but we have imported a
surprising number from all over the world. In most cities in Britain youll find Indian,
Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London youll also find Indonesian,
Lebanese, Iranian, German, Spanish, Mexican, Greek Cynics will say that this is
because we have no `cuisine` ourselves, but, well, you know what I think.
COMPREHENSION CHECK
1. What is the authors main point of view?
2. Why does not he agree with foreigh peoples criticism of English food?
3. What is the comparison that Jane Grigson makes?
4. Why are thee few English restaurants?
5. What kind of person wrote this article? What makes you think so?
6. Who do you think Jane Grigson is?
7. Do you agree with this article?

Vocabulary
Nouns
1. Form the plural of the following nouns:
a. baby, brush, echo, fox, fly, girl, hat, hero, joy, knife, lily, motto, peach, photo, rose,
solo, toy.
b. Brother, child, cow, die, foot, goose, man, mouse, ox, tooth, woman, stop, pot,
paragraph, month, roof, chief, belief, grief, council, piano, idea, bath, bus, box.
2. Give the singular of the following nouns: allies, alligators, brethren, corgoes, children,
cuffs, cups, casinos, concertos, gates, geese, guitars, loaves, meadows, mice, mosquitos,
negroes, rushes, shelves, studios, teeth, fathers- in- low, passers-by, men- friends.
3. Give collective nouns for the following word groups: a multitude of soldiers, a collection
of ships, a group of animals, the soldiers and officers on a ship, members who appreciate a
competition, members who run an enterprise, members who run a country, political groups,
people listening to a concert, students always working together.
4. Use the nouns in brackets in the singular or plural according to the meaning:
a. She longs for the bracing (air) of her mountain village. She is too intelligent to
put on (air)
b. What is the (good) of staying so late? The order (good) have not been delivered yet.
c. So much (sand) makes driving difficult, I suppose the wind had blown it from
the (sand).
d. Look at this manuscript, the (writing) shows an extremely delicate nature. Yes, and
the authors (writing) show the same thing too.
e. The demonstration was a fine (spectacle). Where have you put my (spectacle)?
f. Shal I put the (content)at the beginning or the end of the book? I appreciate
the substantial (content) of your paper.
g. As soon as you get through the (custom) youll find yourself in a country with
the original and interesting (custom).
h. She is full of (grace). She has never been in her (grace).
i. The (pain) in his leg hindered his progress. She took great (pain) in doing this job.

UNIT 6
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to identify and use the Present Perfect Tense
b. Students will be able to ask and answer question to each other about a persons life.
c. Students will write about someone they admire.
GRAMMAR
Present Perfect
A. Present Pefect Simple
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + have/has + Verb (past participle: -ed, III)
Interrogative: Have/Has + Subject + Verb (past participle: -ed, III)?
Negative: Subject + have/has + not + Verb (past paticiple: -ed, III)
Use
1. an event in the past but without a definite time: Tom has broken his leg.
2. a state or repeated action lasting until the present, and still happening: He has lived here
for ten years.
3. to explain a present situation: I have hurt my foot.
4. to describe experiences in the past: I have visited Italy.
5. to describe how many things are completed so far with no exact time mentioned: I have
read a hundred pages of this book.
B. Present Perfect Cotinuous
Pattern
Interrogative: Have/Has + Subject + been + Verb+ing?
Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been + Verb+ing.
Negative: Subject + have/has + not + been + Verb+ing.
Use
1. past events connected to the present: I hae been waiting here all morning.
2. to emphasize the length of the action: I have been writing the entire afternoon.
3. to emphasize that the action is recent: My hands are dirty because I have been repairing
my car.
4. to emphasize the action is temporary: I have been staying in a hotel for the past month.
5. repeated actions: I have been phoning her for days, but she is never at home.
Contrasts:
1. Present Perfect Simple and Preset Perfect Continuous: the simple aspect shows that the
action is finished, but the progressive aspect emphasize that the action is still going on:
I have written five letters./I have been writing letters all day.
2. Present Perfect and Present Tense: Present Tense describe habits or states in the present, and
Present Perfect describes the time until the present: I live in London./I have lived thee for
ten years.
3. Pesent Perfect and Past Tense: Past Tense describes a definite event in the past, and Present
Perfect shows an indefinite event, according to the speakers point of view: I arrived here in
September two years ago./ I have left my umbrella on the bus this morning.
Adverbs:
1. since: the length of the period of time: We have been studying English since January.
2. for: the beginning of the period of time: I have been waiting here for half an hour.
PRESENT PERFECT
1. We (walk) for three

hours.
Simple
or
Continuous
2. That boy (eat) seven ice-creams.
3. We (walk) ten kilometres.
4. He ( not stop) eating since he arrived.
5. The driver (drink). I think
someone else ought to drive.
6. I (pull) up 100 dandelions.
7. I (pull) up dandelions all day.
8. What you (do)?/We (pick) apples.
9. I (sleep) on every bed in this house
and I dont like any of them.
10. He (sleep) since ten oclock.Its
time he woke up.
11. What a lovely smell!/Mary
(make) jam.
12. The students (work) very well
this term.
13. I only (hear) from him twice since
he went away.
14. I (work) for him for ten years and
he never once (say) Hello.
15. He (teach) hundreds of students but
he never (meet) such a hopeless class.
16. Why you (be) so long in the
garage?/The tyres were flat, I (pump)
them.
17. I (look) for mushrooms but I (not
find) any.
18. It (rain) for two hours and the ground
is too wet to play on, so the match
(be) postponed.
19. He (hope) for a rise in a salary for
six months but he (not dare) to ask
for it yet.
20. Mr.Smith, you (whisper) to the
student on your right for the last
five minutes. You (help) him with
his exam paperor he (help) you?
21. Why you (make) such a
horrible noise?/
I (lose) my key and I try to wake
my wife by throwing stones at the
window.
You (throw) stones at the wrong
window. You live next door.
22. Ann (fail) her driving test for three
times because shes so bad at
reversing. But she (practice) reversing
for the last week and I think she (get)

a bit better at it.

she (practise) reversing for the last


week and I think she (get) a bit better
at it.
29. Why you (not bring) me the letters for
signature? You (not type) them yet?
30. The police (not find) the murderer
yet, but the dead mans brother (be) in
the station all day. The police say that
he (help) them with their enquiries.
31. They (pull) down most of the
houses in this street, but they (not
touch) the old shop t the corner yet.
32. Tom is convinced that there is gold
in these hills but we (search) for six
months and (not see) any sign of it.
33. I (wait) for the prices of the house to
come down before buying a house,
but I think I (wait) too long and the
prices are beginning

23. The police (not find) the murderer yet, but


the dead mans brother (be) in the station
all day. The police say that he (help) them
with their enquiries.
24. They (pull) down most of the houses in
this street, but they (not touch) the old
shop at the corner yet.
25. I (wait) for the prices of the house to
come down before buying a house, but I
think I (wait) too long.
26. Peter (be) a junoir clerk for three years.
Lately he (look) for a better post but so
far he (not find) anything.
27. We (mend) sheets all morning butwe only
(do) three, and now the sewing machine
(break) down so well be even slower
with the next one.
28. Ann (fail) her driving test three times
because shes so bad at reversing. But

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
Reading
Pre -reading
1.

You are going to read an article about Paul


Newman, the Hollywood film star. What do they
tell you about Paul?
2. Work in groups. On a separate piece of paper, add
to the charts.
What I know
about Questions Id like to ask
Paul Newman
about Paul Newman
Hes made a
lot of Has he ever won an Oscar?
films.
How old is he?
3. Compare your
information and questions as a
class.

Reading
Reading the article, and try to find the answers to
your questions.

Comprehension check
1.
2.
3.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
4.

Which of your questions were answered?


What interested you most about Paul Newman?
What did you learn that you didnt know before?
Here are summaries of the seven paragraphs of
the article. Match them to the correct paragraph.
______ Some of his films.
______ His rise to stardom.
______ The end of one marriage, the beginning
of another.
______ His early life.
______ The highs and lows of his later life.
______ His first professional work.
______ Newman the person, not the movie star.
Here are the answers to some questions from

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.

paragraph 1-3. What are the questions?


In 1925.
After graduating.
While they were acting together.
In 1949.
Three.
He was thirty.
A Greek slave.
No, he didnt (enjoy making the film).
About Grazianos childhood.
Write some questions based on paragraph 4-7.
Ask the rest of the class your questions.

Vocabulary
1.
2.

There are two other words that mean a film in


the text. Find them. Which one is mainly
American English?
Match a word in the text to the following
definitions.

Paragraph 1
a. to use badly or unproductively (e.g. time/ money)
b. a profession or occupation
Paragraph 2
c.

a person who is the `property` of someone else and

who has to work for them


Paragraph 3
d. a lucky opportunity that leads to success
e. the state of being a star
Paragraph 6
f. more of something (e.g. a drug) than is safe
g. using something in a wrong way
Paragraph 7
h. a persons understanding of what is right and wrong
i. an organization that helps people who need help
j. to do something again and again
Writing
Write about a living film star, or a musician (or group)
that you admire. Write about their background, their
successes, and why you like them.
Vocabulary
There are many words in Englis h with the
same pronunciation but a different spelling and meaning.
Example:
/hi?/
here- Come here!

hear- I cant hear you!


1. For each of the following words, find a word in the
text about Paul Newman with the same pronunciation
but a different spelling.
waist ___________
knew _____________
roll ____________
our ______________
too ____________
sun _____________
brake ________________
2. Think of the homophone fir these
words. there _________ ate __________
red ___________ sea __________
been ___________
check ___________
sail _________
fair __________
by ____________
week ____________
I __________
right ____________
3. Write the words in exercises 1 and 2 on the
correct line according to the vowel sound.
a. /?/ _______
c. /et/ _______
c. /u:/ two
d. /i:/ ________
e. /e/ __________
f. /e?/ __________
g. /at/ __________
h. /au?/ _________
i. / ?u/ __________

PAUL NEWMAN- actor, director, racing driver


1. Paul Newman, actor, director, and racing driver, was born so goodlooking that people said it was a shame to waste such beauty on a bay. He was
born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1925, and did some acting in high school and college,
but never seriously considered making it his future career. However, after
graduating, he immediately started working in the theatre. He met his first wife,
Jackie Witte, while they were acting together, and they got married in 1949. They
had three children, a boy and two girls.
2. He found work in the theatre and on several TV shows in New York.
When he was thirty, he went to Los Angeles and made his first film. It was what
Newman called an `uncomfortable` start in the movies, in the role of a Greek
slave. The experience was so bad that he went back to the theatre, and didnt
accept another film role for two years.
3. The film he chose was his big break. He played the boxer, Rocky Graziano, in
the film Someone up There Likes Me. Newman is a method actor who believes in living
the part before beginning the film. He spent days- from morning till night- with
Graziano. He studied the fighters speech and watched him box, and they endlessly
about Grazianos childhood. The picture brought Newman stardom overnight.

4. He was living in Los Angeles away from his family when he met Joanne
Woodward, an actress who he had first met in New York. They worked together in
The Long Hot Summer. His wife, Jackie, and Paul recognized that their marriage
wasnt working, and got divorced. Newman and Miss Woodward were married in
Las Vegas in 1958.
5. Newman went on to make films such as Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Hustler,
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Sting and Towering Inferno. He has made
over forty-five films, and has won many awards, but he has never won an Oscar.

6. His marriage to Woodward is one of the longest and strongest in


Hollywood. They have three daughters, and they have co-starred in six films. Ever
since the film Winning, Newman has been passionately interested in car racing,
and in 1979 he came second in the twenty-four hour Le Mans race. But the end of
the 1970s was not all good news for him. In 1978 his only son, Scott, died of a
drug overdose, and as a result Newman created the Scott Newman Foundation to
inform young people on drug abuse.
7. He has a strong social conscience, and has supported causes such as the
anti-nuclear movement, the environment, and driver education. All the money
from `Newmans Own` salad dressing, popcorn, and spaghetti sauce, now a multimillion dollar business, goes to charity. He is more than just a movie star. `I would
like to be remembered as a man who has tried to help people to communicate with
each other`, says Newman, `and who has tried to do something good with his life.
You have to keep trying. Thats the most important thing`.

Reading and Vocabulay

The boy who fell down stairs, drank


antiseptic, chopped off a finger and then
plunged into an empty swimming pool

Allen is a little disaster


ACCIDENT PRONE Allen Davies is only five, but already his parents are
convinced hes a walking disaster.
The youngster has cracked his head falling into an empty swimming pool, has chopped
the end of his finger off with a penknife and has made himself ill by drinking half a bottle of Dettol.
Each time another disaster strikes Allen, he is taken to the Childrens Hospital in
Sydenham, where he has been such a regular visitor he believes the nursing sister is a member of
his family.
Now Allens grateful father, street trader Alan Davies, has raised 6500 for the hospital
to buy a neonatal monitor to measure babies` breathing and temperature.
Stitches
His wife Margaret said, `It all stated when little Allen was a year old. He fell over and cut
himself and had to have stitches in his forehead. Since then he hasnt stopped. Hes been taken to
hospital at least ten times. The latest accident happened when he climbed on to a shelf and managed
to open his fathers penknife. He chopped the end of his finger off and had to have it sewn back on.
`
Doctors at the hospital also had to stitch Allens head when he plunged headlong into a
pool.
Mr. Davies, supported by the Lewisham and Berwick Street Traders` Association, raised
the cash with the help of celebrities including actor Richard Harris, songwriter Andrew LloydWebber and Spike Milligan, who donated possessions to be auctioned at a charity disco and buffet.
Mr. Davies, of Avondale Road, Bromley, said, `Little Allen is a regular patron of the
hospital. Hes always having accidents. Hes been going there since he was just one. `
Holidays
`Everyone in the hospital has known him for years, and he firmly believes hes got a
real sister in the hospital because he knows the sister who looks after him so well. `
A sister at the hospital said, `Whenever we see Allen coming in again, we all shout What
have you been doing this time? `
Allens older brothers have also had their share of accidents and had to be taken to the
Childrens Hospital.
Robert, 15, tore some ligaments on a skiing holiday and slipped off his crutches, breaking
his ankle a few days later and Lee, 13, injured his neck doing a motorbike stunt.
Vocabulary : Try to guess the meaning of the words in italics. Can you guess 50%? / 90% /
100%?
In the article about Allen, first it says: Allenhas chopped the end of his finger off but
later: He chopped the end of his finger. Why are both tenses possible?

UNIT 7
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to identify all the ING forms (Gerund and Participle),
and they will also make a difference between Gerund and Infinitive.
b. Students will be able to comment on a given subject and also they will
shae information in a group work activity.
c. Students will talk about their favourite TV programme, and will describe their
favourite show.
d. Students will write about their favourite pop star.
GRAMMAR
-

ING forms
A. Gerund
1. Present Gerund: the action is simultaneous with the action of the personal verb: The
teacher enjoyed takig children to the museum.
2. Perfect Gerund: the action is anterior to the action of the persona l verb: He denies
having seen her.
Use:
1. after prepositions: She keeps healthy by keeping a strict diet.
2. after nouns with prepositions: He has a lot of experience in teaching.
3. after adjectives with prepositions: I am delighted at her winnig the first prize.
4. after verbs with prepositions:I object to your leaving so early.
5. after transitive verbs: You must avoid being late in the future.
6. after verbs of mental activity: I hate their arriving late.
7. after its no use, there is no use, its worth: Its no use trying to leave. The book is
worth reading.
8. after verbs indicating a process, the beginning, the cotinuation, the end of an action:
They started talking.
B. Participle
1. Present Participle: the action is simultaneous with the action of the personal verb:
Running across the park, he heard someone calling his name.
2. Perfect Participle: the action is anterior to the action of the personal verb: Having run
across the park he felt tired.
3. Past Participle: it is used to form the passive voice and to form other perfect tenses, such
as: Present Pefect (He has read the book), Past Perfect (He had read the book), Future
Perfect (He will have read the book), Past Conditional (He would have read the book).
Use
1. after the noun, when it emphasizes the verbal feature: The things not wanted were
given away.
2. before the noun, when it emphasizes the adjectival feature: These are portraits of the wanted
men.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT: READING AND SPEAKING


Reading for specific information

A LIFE IN THE DAY OF LINDA McCARTNEY


We live in a two-bedroom
house; so as soon as James starts calling
`Mummy, Mummy`, around seven every
morning, he wakes everyone up. Being
his mother I like to be the first to greet
him, so up I get.
I take him downstairs and start
getting breakfast ready. Before long the
other kids-Heather (almost 17), Mary
(10) and Stella (8)-are also down. If
Paul is recording or we are touring I try
to make sure hes not disturbed. But if
he isnt working he gets up the same
time and joins the kids at breakfast.
Hes an excellent father, very involved
and protective towards them.
It seems mad to have moved
from a large house in London to a small
place on the South Coast, but its so
much cosier. Paul and I are in the kind
of business where we can be totally
detached from our kids and hardly see
them grow up. If you have enough
money to live in a big house, one kid
could be up in the attic and another
could be in the west wing and youd
hardly see them.
The kids travel everywhere with
us. When touring abroad we usually rent
a house and make it our base, so we can
return to the kids each night.
Were
all
vegetarian,
so
breakfast is eggs laid by our own hens,
home- grown tomatoes fried, vegetarian
sausages, cereals and wholewheat bread.
During the bread strike Paul baked the
most beautiful bread!
Quite often Paul comes with me
when I drive the girls to school. Mary
and Stella go to a local primary school
and Heather attends a nearby art school.
I drive a Mini because being American
Im used to wide roads, so with a small
car Ive no fear about scraping it.
I buy most of the kids` clothes at
Mothercare. I look at their catalogue or
go into the shop and pick out things that
are made from natural fibres. I myself

feel most comfortable in jeans and Tshirt. I dont really spend that muc heven though Paul pays all the bills!
Because we live locally Im regarded as
just another mother who takes her
children to school and has a house to
keep. I

try to keep my life close to what it was


before we married.
Because we have a big breakfast
and a big dinner about six we dont have
lunch. So about that time Im doing jobs
around the house. Paul never helps me.
He likes tidiness but is not too tidy
himself! If Im working or going out I
have a woman in to do the cleaning. But
I always do the cooking because I enjoy
it. I cook for six every day.
For dinner I make things like
quiche Lorraine- without baconaubergines, spaghetti, salads and Pauls
favourites, which are pea soup or cream
of tomato soup, made from home-grown
tomatoes and onions. I also make coffee
milkshakes, which I love. Im a real
baby that way!
If Im lucky during the day I go
for a ride on my stallion called Lucky
Spot. Hes got a lovely temperament.
Horse riding is a marvellous form of
exercise, both physically and spiritually.
One interest we share closely is
football. We rarely get to the matches

but we always watch it on television.


Paul is a great Liverpool fan, so we
support Liverpool.
Because we live in the country
we dont socialize that much. We think
thats also partly because were too lazy.
Theres so much Id like to do,
especially in the photographic field, but
I hate to leave the life I lead in the
country unless I absolutely have to.
I get various offers to take
photographs, and sometimes I might
find one particularly attractive. But
when it comes down to it I just cant
bring myself to leave the kids and go to
take pictures. So I stay at home and take
pictures of them instead.
Most of our evenings are spent
in front of the television. I watch
Dallas, Top of the Pops, Old Grey
Whistle Test and some quiz shows.
Before I turn in for the night I
always go to the kids bedroom and give
them each a kiss. Trouble is James often
wakes up and doesnt want to go back to
sleep.

READING
A life in the day of is a feature which appears in the Sunday Times newspaper every
week. Well-known people describe an ordinary day in their life, and they talk about their habits ad
routines, their families and their work.
The article you have just read was about Linda McCartey, the wife of Paul McCartney, who was
one of the members of the Beatles in the 1960s and 1970s.
Pre-reading task:
1. What do you already know about Linda?
2. What do you want to know from the article? Write questions about Linda. Ask about the
following topics:
Daily routine: food / hobbies / car
Family life: children / house / school
Work: what? / Where? / How often?
After reading task:
What do you think?
1. Do you think Linda is happy in her life? Why?
2. Is there anything in the article that surprises you?
3. What do you think takes up ost of Lindas day? If you think Linda spends most of her time
gardening, put 1 next to Gardening.
a. Riding
b. Cooking
c. Looking after children
d. Taking photographs
e. Gardening
f. Doing the housework
g. Watching television
h. Visiting friends
SPEAKING
ROLEPLAY
A. Student A
You have just arrived in London for the first time.You havve come for a holiday and to learn
English. London seems a little strange and you need to ask for help.There are some of your
problems, you may add any other question you want to ask:
1. You need to change some travellers cheques, but you do not know where to find a bank.
2. You need to buy soe stamps and postcards.
3. You want to find a good English language school.
B. Student B
You live in London. You meet a foreigner who has just arrived and who seems to have some
problems. Try to help him. The following information is for you.
International School: 106 Dover Street, phone: 4912596
High Street Post Office: Opening hours: everyday fom 9.00 to 5.00, Sunday is
closed. Baclays Bank: Opening hours: everyday from 9.00 to 3.00, Sunday is closed.

Television
1. How many TV channels are there in your country?
2. Is there any difference between them?
3. What kind of programme do you like watching?
Look at these descriptions of different types of TV programmes. What kind of programme
are they? Match them with one of the words below.
01 d

Boxing from the Albert Hall and racing from York.

02

A new production of Shakespeares Richard III at the Lyric Theatre,


London.

03

Cagney and Lacey as the American cops. In this weeks episode theyre
chasing heroin dealers.

04

Geoff Hamilton is in the garden, telling us what to do at this time of the


year.

05

This weeks top twenty, with disc jockey Mike Reid.

06

A laugh a minute as the northern comedian Les Dawson entertains.

07

More adventures from Disneyland with Donald Duck.

08

Superb filming in this programme about the disappearing forests of South


America. Will the world continue to have oxygen?

09

More families try to answer the questions and win fabulous prizes, with host
Lesley Crowther.

10

Terry Wogan`s guests tonight belong to the sporting, theatrical, and business
worlds.

11

Tomorrows weather.

12

The Magnificent Seven, 1960 classic western starring Yul Brynner, Steve
McQueen, and Charles Bronson.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.

a music programme
a detective story
a cartoon
a sports programme
a film
a quiz
a play
a chat show
a comedy
weather forecast
a documentary
a gardening programme

UNIT 8
Objectives:
1. Students will properly use modal verbs.
2. Students will summarize a story.
GRAMMAR
Modals
1. Can / Could :
a. Mental anf phisical ability: Tom can speak two foreign languages.
b. Permission: Can I borrow your umbrella?
c. Possibility: You can ski now, there is a lot of snow here.
d. A request: Can you wait a few moments?
e. A negative deduction: She could not have typed the report.
2. May / Might :
a. To ask and give permission: May I go?
b. A present or future possibility: He may come today.
c. Requests: You might give me a copy of that paper.
d. Reproach: You might have told me what have happened.
3. Must / Have to:
a. Obligation: We have to go.
b. The lack of obligation: You neednt come early.
c. Logical deduction: She must be at home, she left an hour ago.
d. A habitual obligation: I have to be at hospital at eight, I begin work then.
4. Shall:
a. Obligation: The seller shall suply the parts in due time.
b. A suggestion, an order: Where shall I put the flowers?
c. An offer: Shall I help you?
5. Should:
a. The logical necessity: You should read that book.
b. A supposition: He should be here by now.
6. Ought to:
a. An action that should have been done: You ought to have crossed when the lights were
green.
b. After a verb in the past: He told me you ought to attend the conference.
7. Will:
a. An impersonal command : You will come here at once.
b. The insistance of doing an action: He will study chemistry whatever his father says.
c. A repeated action: He will sit on the bench for hours.
d. An invitation: Will you have another cup of tea?
e. A request: Will you sign the register?
f. A spontaneous intention: Ill fetch you a glass of water.
8. Would:
a. A negative intention: He would not help me.
b. A very polite request: Would you do me a favour.
c. The insistance of doing an action: He would keep silent for hours, no matter
what arguments I used.
d. A repeated action: She would wait for me in front of the school gates.
e. Would rather / Would sooner (d sooner) = preference: I would rather / d sooner
listen to the concert than see the film.
9. Used to
a. A past habit: I used to swim in the river when I was a child.
b. A past habit that still lasts: They used to spend their holiday in the mountais.
Reading

Pre -reading task


Work in groups. Write as many facts and opinions
about Scotland and the Scots as you can.

Compare what other members of your group


have written.
Reading for gist
Read the article. What does a mean person not
like doing?

2.
3.
4.
5.

Comprehension check
1. What is the advertisement that the
Scots dont like?
Who have they complained to?
What is the name of their organization?
What is the point that Mr. David
Webster is trying to make?
What is amusing in the last paragraph?
What do you think?
Do you think the Scots were right to go to the
European Commission for Human Rights, or
do you think they took it too seriously?

Scots in Sweden upset by cheap jokes


By Dennis Barker
1. Scots working in Sweden have
complained to the European Commission
for Human Rights that jokes about mean
Scotsmen in advertising are an insult to
the image of their race.
2. A case was put to Strasbourg by the
Scottish Group for Civil Rights in
Sweden, an organization formed recently
of Scots people working there, to protest
against Swedish Railways using such a
traditional joke in an advertising
campaign.
3. It showed two Scotsmen accepting the
offer of travel for two for the price of
one first-class ticket, while a third hides
in the luggage rack.
4. `We are not against Scots jokes in
everyday life, ` said Mr. David Webster,
a 38-year-old marketing manager
working near Stockholm, who helped to
form the group. `There are nationalistic
jokes like this in every country. What we
dont like
Summarizing
Match the summary with the correct paragraph.
a.
b.
c.

A description of the advertisement they


are complaining about.
The commissions reaction.
The exact reason why they are

complaining.

is the frequency of such jokes in


commercial advertising. `
5. But the commission did not feel that the
group had fully explained its case, and
has asked for more information on some
points before it decides whether the case
can continue.
6. `There is even one group of cut-price
shops in the Stockholm area that has
changed its name to the Scot, ` said Mr.
Webster. `Their motto is, You cant get
it cheaper anywhere else. `These things
are offensive only because they happen
so often, we believe. `
7. Apart from the further information
demanded by the European Commission
for Human Rights, the Scots in Sweden
are up against another difficulty. They
have so far spent several hundred pounds
on their campaign, but voluntary
contributions from group members have
totalled only 50.
d. A financial problem for the Scots in
Sweden.
e. Some Scottish people have complained
to the European Courts about an
advertisement.
f. Another example of their reason for
complaining.

g.

They formed an organization and


explained why they were complaining to
the court.

Writing
Narrative

Here are two version of the same


story. Compare them, and decide which one
you prefer, and why.
James was a student. He did not have
much money. Last year he decided to go to
Manchester to visit some friends. He decided
to hitchhike. He got a bus to the motorway. It
was cold and he got wet. After waiting two
hours he got a lift from a lorry driver, who
was going to Manchester. He felt pleased.
The lorry driver was a nice man, and they
talked a lot. Then a police car overtook them
and made them stop, and they had to go to
the police station. The police thought the
lorry was carrying stolen goods. A policeman
asked James a lot of questions, and James
spent the night in the police station. He was
released the next day. The lorry was carrying
stolen television sets. James said he would
not hitchhike again.

James was a student at Oxford


University, where he was studying law. Like
many students he did not have much money
because his grant was only just enough to
live on. Last year, during the autumn term,
he decided to go to Manchester to visit some
friends for the weekend, but he could not
afford a train ticket, and even the coach was
too expensive, so he had to hitchhike. He
caught a bus to the beginning of the
motorway and waited. It was a cold, windy
November day and while he was waiting he
got soaked to the skin. After waiting two
hours he finally got a lift from a lorry driver,
who was in fact going all the way to
Manchester. James felt extremely relieved.
The lorry driver seemed a friendly fellow of
around 35, reasonably well-dressed, and he
and James talked a lot.
Suddenly, as they were driving along
the motorway, a police car raced passed them
and made them stop. They were taken to the
police station because the police suspected
that the lorry was carrying stolen goods. A
detective interrogated James for two hours,
and he even had to spend the night in a cell.
He was eventually released the next day.
Apparently, the lorry was carrying stolen
television sets. James swore that he would
never hitchhike again.

1. What makes a good


story?
Consider
the
following.
Organization
- setting the scene
- relating the narrative
- concluding the story
Description
- people
- places
Language
- vocabulary
- the use of adjectives and adverbs
- sentence construction
2. In the second story, box all the linking devices that join two sentences, like this for example:

where
3. Write about a memorable journey that you have made.

UNIT 9
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to identify and use the Past Perfect.
b. Students will be able to use the axis of tenses.
c. Students will be able to summarize a story and to present a parable.
GRAMMAR
Past Perfect
A. Past Perfect Simple
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + had + Verb (-ed, III)
Interrogative: Had + Subject + Verb (-ed, III)?
Negative: Subject + had + not + Verb (-ed, III)
Use:
1. a past action finished before a past moment: I had finished the book by ten oclock
before yesterday.
2. a past action finished before another past action: When Tom arrived at the cinema, the film
had already started.
3. I indirect speech to replace the Present Perfect or the Past Tense: Tom said the he had
spoken to Mary about it.
B. Past Perfect Continuous
Pattern
Affirmative: Subject + had + been + Verb+ing
Interrogative: Had + Subject + been + Verb+ing?
Negative: Subject + had + not + been + Verb+ing
Use:
1. a past action started before another past action and lasting until it: I had been waiting for
my friend for half a hour when he finally arrived.
2. a repeated action in a limited period of time: He had been writing poems fo two years
when I met him.
3. a past action anterior to another past action, being the cause of it: He was carrying a
hammer because he had been mending the fence.
4. in indirect speech to replace the Present Perfect and the Past Tense: She said she had
been reading for two hours.
Practice: Look at the following sentences, what is the difference in meaning between them:
1. The concert started / had started when we arrived.
2. When the police arrived, the robber climbed / had climbed / was climbing out of
the window.
Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Tense or Past Perfect:
The police suspected that John (break) the window at his house because he (want) to make them
think that a burglar (steal) his valuable stamp collection. They (think) that John (do) this because
he (need) money. However, they (not know) that John (fly) to Brazil the week before, and (be)
abroad when the burglary (take place).

All you need is love


The following are summaries of a magazine called Hot Lips. Read and compare the two
versions A and B.
The story so far..
A
Marsha met Felix at a party one Saturday night. They fell passionately in love and got married
the following Saturday. After the wedding, Felix moved ito Marshs flet. Marsha phoned her
parents and told them her news. They were surprised and angry. Unfortunately, after a few
months, Felix met another woman and his marriage with Marsha started to go wrong.
B
Marsha ad Felix got married one Saturday in June. They had met only one week earlier at a
party and had fallen passionately in love. Marsha rang and told her parents her news after the
wedding, when felix had moved into her flat. They were surprised and angry. Unfortunately,
after a few months, their marriage started to go wrong. Felix had met another woman.
In version A the events of the story are given in chronological order. Put under B the order in which
the same events are given in version B. Two have been done for you.
Marsha and Felix met.
They fell in love
They got married
Felix moved into Marshas flat
Marsha told her parents
They were angry
Felix met another woman
Their mariage started to go wrong

A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

B
2

Had met

Got married

The story goes on


Felix came home and packed his suitcase. Then he wrote a letter for Marsha. Before eight
oclock he left the house. When Marsha came home she found Felixs letter.
The end of the story
Marsha .(read) Felixs letter and then she.(walk) slowly into the
kitchen. She(buy) his favourite food for dinner. She..(throw) it in
the rubbish bin. Why.he..(do) this to her? She remembered how
happy they.(be) in the beginning. They..(laugh) a lot then. Marsha.
(feel) desperate. One hour later the phone(ring) in the flat. It was
Marshas parents, but she.(not answer) the phone. She.
Now finish the story!

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
READING AND SPEAKING
You are going to read a parable written in the nineteenth century. A parable is a short story about
everyday things which is told to make a moral or religious point.

Pre-reading task
Work in groups. Tell each other a parable or a fable. What is the moral of the story?
Reading
Read the story and answer the questions:

The man who could turn back the clock


Once upon a time there was a man who had the power to turn back the clock. Whenever he
regretted something he had done or said, he could repeat the event in the light of experience.
Now, one day it happened that this man was out for a walk when it started to rain, so he took
shelter in a barn. After a few minutes the man was joined by a very beautiful young lady and her
dog, who were also seeking shelter. The downpour lasted about an hour.
The man went home to his wife and told her why he was late. Immediately his wife was
suspicious of her husbands behavoiur with the young lady. She questioned him about what had
happened. The man replied in a surprised and hurt voice:Why, nothing happened. I was a perfect
gentleman. What do you expect? Especially when she had such a large dog with her.
His wife was furious:What! Only the dog stopped you?
The man realized his mistake and immediately he turned the clock back a few minutes and tried
the conersation again. This time when his wife expressed her suspicion, he said:Its true the girl
was very beautiful ad she seemed to like me but my deep love for you gave me the strength to resist
temptation.
However, his wife was even more furious. What!! You wanted to kiss he! An imoral thought is
as bad as an immoral deed.
Comprehension check:
1. How man times did the man turn back the clock?
2. What mistakes had he made?
3. How did his wife react?
In the story, two possible endings are gien. Be fore you read them, work out an ending. What
would you do if you were the man with the power? Now read the two endings? Is either of them
like yours?
A.
The man spent a long time thinking. There must be some way to please his wife! Finally he turned
the clock back again a few minutes. Once more his wife asked how he had behaved wit the
beautiful young lady. But this time he replied: What? She wasnt beautiful, she was ugly. I am a
man with good taste, which is why I married you my darling! When she heard this, his wife, who
in fact was rather un attractive, flung her arms around his neck and cried, I love you!
B.
The man felt that his wondeful power had not helped him at all. Except to teach him that it was
impossible to please his wife, and he had suspected this for a long time. Therefore he turned back
the clock once more, not just a few minutes, but a few hours. He went back to the beautiful young
lady in the barn, in the rain.
Which ending do you prefer? Why?

UNIT 10
Objectives:
a. Students will be able to use the indirect speech.
b. Students will be able to turn into the direct speech a related interview.
c. Students will be able to work in pairs for a given task.
GRAMMAR
Indirect Speech
Tenses changes after a past reporting verb:
1. Present Simple to Past Simple: I need some help. / She said she needed some help.
2. Present Continuous to Past Continuous: We are having our lunch. / He said the were haing
their lunch.
3. Present Perfect to Past Perfect: I have lost my key. / He said he had lost his keys.
4. Will to Would: I will be back at 6.00. / She said that she would be back at 6.00.
5. Past Simple to Past Perfect: I wrote two letters to her. / He said he had written two letters
to her.
6. be going to, to was/were going to: They are going to see a film. / He said they were going
to see a film.
Commands and requests:
1. Commands are reported with tell and the infinitive: Wait! / I told him to wait.
2. Requests are reported with ask and the infinitive: Please, wait! / I asked her to wait.
Yes/No Questions :
1. These questions are introduced in the reported speech by the conjunction if. The order of
words is the order of the affirmative and not of the interrogative: Does the London train
stop here? / She asked if the London train stopped here.
2. whether= means ifor not. It is used to report questions linked with or: Are you staying
the night or are you going home? / He asked me whether I was staying the night or
going home.
Wh- questions :
Questions beginning with when, what, where, who, why, how, etc are introduced into the
reported speech by the interrogative word, the order of words remains the same as in the
affirmative, and there is no question mark: Where is the bus-station? / She asked where the busstation was.
Reporting verbs:
1. advise: I advised John not to buy the car.
2. agree: Mike agreed with Jill.
3. apologize :Mary apologized for being late.
4. ask: I asked Sue to help me.
5. congratulate: I congratulated Tom on passing his exam.
6. decide: Helen decided to become a doctor. (a decision about the future or a plan) /
Bill decided to have an apple pie.(a decision of the moment)
7. invite: I invited Pam to the cinema.
8. offer: Peter offered to carry Dawns case.
9. promise: Ann promised to be home by eight. / Peter promised Helen that he would wait
for her.
10. refuse: Carol refused to open the door.
11. remind : I reminded Sue to send her mother a birthday card.
12. suggest: Tom suggested spending the day at the beach.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
Reading and English in use
An Interview with a Writer
Read the following report of an interview with Celia Young, the writer of the magazine Hot Lips
I asked Celia Young why she had written another romantic novel. She asked that she found
romantic fiction easy to write, but that her next novel wouldnt be a romance. She was hoping
to write something different, possibly a detective story.
I told her that I was interested in the character of Felix, and I asked if he was anyone she knew
fro real life. Celia laughed and replied that she was glad that she didnt have a Felix in he r life,
and that she had been happily maried for over fifteen years to Richard Marsh the politician. I said
that she had now written five novels, and I asked when she had started writing. She answered that
she had written stories and poems all her life and that she would continue to write even when she
was an old lady.
I thanked her for talking to me and said that I hoped that Hot Lips would be successful.
On a separate piece of paper write the actual words of the interview in direct speech. The
beginning has been done for you.
Interviewer: Why have you written another romantic novel?
Celia Young: I find romantic fiction easy to write, but my next novel wont be a romance.
Im hoping to
Vocabulary
Many words have more than one meaning. In the following sentences the words in italics
have moe than one meaning. Look up each word, find the right meaning and translate it:
1. Guidos a popular restaurant, so you have to book a table in advance.
2. Im not a fan of Rolling Stones. Their music is too loud.
3. Wood doesnt sink in water. It stays on the top.
4. Your mother is a very kind lady.
5. Holland is a flat country.
6. Car workers are on strike. They want more money.
7. Dont forget to turn the tap off. Water is expensive.
8. Do you have change for a five-pound note?
9. I dont like mean people.
10. Give me a ring tonight. Ill be home by seven.
11. There is a branch of most banks in all big towns.
12. There was a good play on TV last night.
13. My suitcase is in the car boot.
Match a line in A with a line in B:
A 1.Hello, Jane!
B a.Sleep well!
2.How are you?
b.Yes, can I help you?
3.See you tomorrow!
c.Good morning!
4.Good night!
d.Fine, thanks.
5.Good morning!
e.Not at all, dont mention it.
6.Cheers!
f.Thanks!
7.Excuse me!
g.Thanks! Same to you!
8.Bless you!
h.Thats very kind. Thank you!
9.Have a good weekend!
i.Bye!
10.Thank you very much indeed. j.Hi, Peter!
11.Make yourself at home.
k.Good health!

Travellers` Tales
1. Ev
ery
yea
r a
ma
gaz
ine
call
ed
Ex
ecu
tive
Tra
vel
org
ani
zes
a
co
mp
etit
ion
to
fin
d
the
Air
lin
e
of
the
Yea
r.
Tra
vell
ers
fro
m
all
ove
r
the
wo
rld
5. are
inv
ited

to
vote
for
the
mos
t
effic
ient,
the
mos
t
pun
ctua
l,
the
safe
st
and
the
frie
ndli
est
airli
ne.
The
win
ner
in
198
5
was
Brit
ish
Air
way.
The
com
petit
ion
aske
d
trav
eller
s
wha
t for
10. the
m

wa
s
mo
st
im
por
tant
fro
m
an
airl
ine,
and
the
res
ults
wer
e as
foll
ow
s:

stori
es
of
the
nigh
tmar
e
side
to
inter
nati
onal
trav
el.

Punctual departures and arrivals


Attentive cabin staff
Comfort
Safety
Good food and wine
Th
e
co
mp
etit
ion
als
o
inv
ited
tra
vell
ers
to
tell
thei
r
mo
st
hor
rifi
c

35. on
e
tra
ve
lle
ra
bit
of
a
sh
oc
k.
Dr
es
se
d
on
ly
in
tro
us
er
s,
sh
irt
an
d
so
ck
s,
he
ha
d
bee
n
allo
we
d
by
the
ste
war
des
s to
lea
ve
40. th
e

air
cra
ft
to
see
if
he
cou
ld
get
a
col
lea
gue
abo
ard
.
He
ret
urn
ed
a
fe
w
mi
nut
es
late
r to
fin
d
the
74
7
clo
sed
up
and
abo
ut
to
star
t
mo
vin
gwit
h
his
shoe
s,

wal
let,
pas
spo
rt
and
lug
gag
es
45. ins
id
e.
Ba
ng
in
g
fra
nti
cal
ly
on
th
e
do
or
go
t
hi
m
ba
ck
ins
id
e.
A
si
mi
lar
ev
en
t
wa
s
se
en
by
a
bu
sin
es
sm

an
on
a
flig
ht
fro
m
Ba
ngl
ade
sh.
Pas
sen
ger
s
wer
e
wai
tin
g
for
take
-off
whe
n
ther
e
was
50. sud
den
hys
teri
cal
ha
m
me
rin
g
on
the
do
or.
At
firs
t
the
cab
in
cre
w
pai

d
no
att
en
tio
n.
Th
e
ha
m
m
eri
ng
co
nti
nu
ed
.
W
he
n
th
e
do
or
w
as
fin
all
y
op
en
ed
,
th
e
pil
ot
got
in.
55. One
fre
que

nt
flier
lost
a
cert
ain
amo
unt
of
conf
iden
ce
whe
n
the
cabi
n
staff
aske
d
him
to
sit
in
the
lava
tory
duri
ng
take
-off,
so
that
they
coul
d
occ
upy
the
seat
s
near
est
15. Replies
included
six hijacks, fifty60. the emergency
exit. Another lost
faith in
thr
cas
ee
es

of
en
gin
e
fail
ure
or
tro
ubl
e
wit
h
the
lan
din
g
gea
r,
ele
ve
n
lig
htn
ing
stri
kes
,
tw
ent
ythr
ee
bo
mb
sca
res
,
thir
tee
n
cas
es
of
foo
d
poi
son
ing
,
20. ele

ven
nea
r
mis
ses
and
two
coll
isio
ns
wit
h
airp
ort
truc
ks.
Bad
flyi
ng
exp
erie
nce
s
beg
in
on
the
gro
und
,
nat
ural
ly.
On
e
Am
eric
an
airli
ne
ma
nag
ed
to
dou
bleboo
k
an
25. enti
re

74
7,
but
thi
s is
not
hin
g
co
mp
are
d
to
wh
at
ha
pp
ene
d
on
an
int
ern
al
flig
ht
on
a
cer
tai
n
Afr
ica
n
airl
ine
.
Th
e
flig
ht
ha
d
bee
n
ov
erb
oo
ke
d
thr

ee
tim
es.
The
loc
al
mili
tary
sort
ed
the
pro
ble
m
out
30. by
insi
stin
g
that
all
pas
sen
ger
s
wit
h
boa
rdin
g
car
ds
sho
uld
run
rou
nd
the
pla
ne
twi
ce,
the
fast
est
gett
ing
the
seat
s.

An
ov
erb
oo
ke
d
flig
ht
tha
t
wa
s
goi
ng
fro
m
He
ath
ro
w
to
A
me
ric
a
ga
ve

the
pilot
s
navi
gati
onal
skill
s
whe
n
pass
enge
rs
were
give
n
lifeb
oat
drill
on a
fligh
t
betw
een
Lon
don
and
Man
ches
ter.
65. For
nerv
ous
flier
s, a
jour
ney
to
be
avoi
ded
was
one
betw
een
Gat
wick
and
Mon
tpell
ier,

whe
re
the
inflig
ht
ente
rtai
nm
ent
con
sist
ed
of
wat
chi
ng
piec
es
of
the
eng
ine
falli
ng
off.
70. An
oth
er
pas
sen
ger
was
ask
ed
to
hol
d
the
airc
raft
doo
r
clos
ed
at
take
-off
and
lan
din

g.
Bag
gage
is a
rich
sour
ce
of
horr
or
stori
es.
Ther
e
was
the
unlu
cky
trav
eller
who
left
75. Chic
ago
in
min
us23
weat
her.
He
was
goin
g to
an
imp
orta
nt
meet
ing
in
Dall
as,
whe
re
the
tem
pera
ture
was
80-

plus
.
Un
fort
una
tely
his
suit
cas
e
had
gon
e to
LA
,
wh
ere
it
spe
nt
the
nex
t
two
day
s.
80. The
cust
om
ers
he
was

tryi
ng
to
imp
ress
wer
e
mor
e
than
a
little
surp
rise
d to
see
him
goin
g
roun
d in
a
thic
k
suit,
hea
vy
over
coat
and
fur
hat.

Reading
Pre-reading task
1. What for you is most important from an airline? Put the following in order
of importance:
safety:
comfort;
punctual
departures
and
arrivals; good food and wine;
attentive cabin staff.
2. Flying is probably one of the safest ways to travel, but there can be
problems. Discuss what can go wrong on the ground and in the air.
Reading for information
Now read the article opposite. A group of air travellers was invited to comment on
their flying experiences. Was their order of importance the same as yours? Did
they mention any of the problems that you discussed?
Comprehension check
1. Look at the list of disasters in paragraph 2. Which happened on the ground?
Which happened in the air? Which could have been both on the ground and
in the air?
2. After paragraph 2, how many disasters are described?
3. Why did some passengers have to run round a plane?
4. Why did a passenger and a pilot have to knock on the plane door to get in?
5. Why was it surprising to have a lifeboat drill on a flight from London to
Manchester?
6. What does in-flight entertainment usually consist of? (lines 67-68) was this
experience entertaining?
7. Why was the Dallas businessman inappropriately dressed?
What do you think?
1. The competition was answered by very experienced travellers. Why do you
think they put safety so far down on their list of importance?
2. Why do airlines overbook?
3. Why do you think the cabin staff on one flight wanted to sit near the
emergency exit?
4. Which of the stories were funny but dangerous? Which were funny but not
dangerous?
Pairwork
Student A You have just had one of the terrible experiences described in the
article. Tell Student B about it. Use your imagination to add more detail.
Student B Listen to Student A and ask questions to get more
information. Begin like this:
Student A: Ive just had a terrible journey!
Student B: Why? What happened? Student
A: Well, I was going

Fill in the following CV, according to the items given:


Private and Confidential
Please complete this form and return to the Personnel Director
Which post are you applying for?
How did you hear about it?
Surname

Forenames Mr/Mrs/Miss

Permanent home address

Telephone

Present address (if different from above)

Telephone

Date of birth
Nationality
Marital status
Number of children (sex/age)

Place of birth
Maiden name(if applicable)

Name and address of the next kin (please state relationship)


Have you ever been employed by us before?(if so, please give details)
Please list school, colleges, universities attended: Date/Name/Subjects taken/Results

What training courses of further studies have you undertaken?


Languages (state proficiency)
Technical or professional qualifications
Give names and addresses or previous employers, working backwards from present/last job:
Dates/Name and address/Salary/Job title and duties/Reason for leaving

Signature

Unit 11

Revision Test 1
Level Elementary
1. Choose the correct phrase underlined in each sentence.
a. What time go you/do you go to bed on Saturdays?
b. Why are you waiting/do you waiting outside the door?
c. Dont ask Tim. He doesnt know/not knows the answer.
d. I having/Im having my lunch at the moment.
e. When you leave/do you leave the house?
f. I dont understand. What is happening/is happen?
g. This is a great party. Im having/Am I having a lovely time.
2. Put each verb given into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
a. When Harry (wake up).., we (tell)..him the news.
b. Where (you leave)your wallet when you (go) swimming?
c. Everyone (wait)for the concert to begin when a message (arrive)
d. When Tom (finish)..his letter, he (take) in to the post office.
e. Pam (want).a relaxing holiday, so she (choose) a small island.
3. Put each verb given into Present Perfect Simple or Continuous or Past Tense Simple or
Continuous.
a. Last week I (lose) my scarf, and now I (just lose) my gloves.
b. I (work) for Blue Bank at the moment but I (decide) to change jobs.
c. We (be) here for hours. Are you sure we(come) to the right place?
d. (you see) my calculator? Im sure I (leave) it here earlier.
e. We (have) some coffee after that and then (catch) the bus home.
f. I (never eat) octopus, but once on holiday I (eat) some fish.
g. I (hope) you arent a vegetarian. I (cook) you some lamb chops.
h. Recently a lot of young people (take up) skating.
i. When we (reach) the cinema, there (not be) any tickets left.
j. Please come quickly! Nick (have) an accident and he (go) to hospital.
4. Write a who or what question for each answer.
a. A family of three members lives next door.
b. I play with my little brother.
c. Mrs. Dawson teaches me math.
d. I usually eat a sandwich for lunch.
e. Horror films frighten me.
5. Put a/an or leave the space blank.
a. ..love makes the world go round.
b. Sheila has ..German car.
c. Rita works in .office in West Street.
d. I have..friend who is electrician.
e. Paul goes to.special school for musicians.
f. You aresilly boy! This is..cat notdog.
g. Jack is in .hospital and doesnt go to.school.
h. Carol wants to go to university and study to be ..doctor.

6. Choose the correct word or phrase underlined in each sentence.


a. Jane met a friend of hers/her in the street.
b. The desk next to the window is my/mine.
c. Excuse me, is this your/yours seat?
d. We havent brought our/ours books with us.
e. The dog is black and white, and its/its ears are very long.
7. Correct the spelling where necessary.
a. decideing
b. foto
c. qestion
d. knowen
e. beatiful
8. Choose the correct spelling from each pair.
a. takeing/taking
b. lying/lieing
c. washeing/washing
d. riding/rideing
e. studing/studying
9. Choose the correct spelling of each pair of words.
a. felt/fellt
b. shopping/shoping
c. heard/heared
d. thoght/thought
e. plaied/played
10. Add a prefix from the list to the word in each sentence.
-over, -under, -inter.
a. My alarm clock didnt go off, and so I .slept this morning.
b. Peter packed some shirts and socks, somewear, and his jeans.
c. You have to go to the ...national airport to catch a plane to the USA.
d. Its very cold this morning, so wear your coat.
e. Helen decided to ..line all the important words in her French book.
11. Complete each compound word from the list.
Ache, clip, cut, glasses, lace, path, post, table.
a. Make sure you walk on the foot, because the road is dangerous.
b. I need to fix these two sheets together. Have you got a paper?
c. As I was doing up my shoe, the shoein one of them broke.
d. On our first day at school, we copied down our time .
e. Tom had a hair yesterday and his friends made fun of him.
f. Its really sunny today, and Ive forgotten my sun .
g. Could I have a couple of aspirins? Ive got a terrible head. .
h. The bus swerved to avoid a dog and hit a lamp-. .
12. Complete each sentence with a word formed from the word given
Davids mother is a famous. .
science
At nineteen, Tony became a professional .. . crime
Ive always wanted to be a jazz .. .
music
It will take Kate years to become a .
law
Margaret decided to have a career as a .. .
politics

Level Pre -Intermediate


1. Make questions about the missing information:
a. Peter has.children. (Two? Three?)
b. Im reading..at the moment.
c. They went to.on holiday last year.
d. She works in theshop. (Shoe shop? Book shop?)
e. I got up early this morning because. .
f. The supermarket closes at .
g. I go swimming. . (Once a week? Once a month?)
h. I borrowed.. car. (Toms? Anns?)
i. She earns.. a year.
j. Ill studythis year.
2. Put the verb in brackets in the correct tense:
a. Emma.(spend) every school holiday in Scotland.
b. Why are you under the table?..you(look) for something?
c. In my country we.(not have) lessons on Saturday.
d. My wife(not like) football, but I..(love) it.
e. I(buy) a new pair of shoes yesterday. .you.(like) them?
f. Ian Fleming ..(work) as a stockbroker when the Second World War(start).
g. Margaretha Simons .(come) from Norway, but now she..(live) in Britain. She
(meet) her husband, Noel, while she..(learn) English.
h. Its Friday evening and the Brown family are at home. Mr.Brown(listen) to a concert
on the radio, Mrs. Brown ..(read) a book.
i. Mr. Brown always(read) his newspaper in the evenings. Mrs.Brown sometimes
..(knit) but she (not knit) tonight.
j. He never..(listen) to what you say. He always(think) about something else.
3. Put the necessary preposition into each gap:
a. I listened.the news..the radio.
b. Ill see you .9.00the morning.
c. I livea flatParis.
d. Im looking..my neighbours cat while shes on holiday.
e. I waited twenty minutes.a bus yesterday.
f. What are you doing.this evening?
g. She arrived..England two years ago.
h. Im goinghome.
i. I spoke.Mary a few days ago.
j. My sisters coming to stay..19 December.
4. Put a form of going to or will into each gap:
a. Why have you got so much food? Because I..(cook) a meal for ten people.
b. Someone told me youve got a place at university. Thats right. I..(study) maths at
St. Andrew, in Scotland.
c. My car isnt working. John.(help) you.
d. I passed my driving test! Thats great! I.(buy) something to celebrate.
e. Why have you got your old clothes on? Because I(cut) the grass.

5. Put a/an/the or nothing into each gap:


a. China hasbiggest population in .world.
b. ..Yangtze River flows into..East China Sea.
c. Do you like.Chinese food?
d. We had some forlunchfew days ago.
e. I wanted to go to..Italian restaurant.
f. I come to.school by bus, but I get..lift home with friend.
g. Is therechemist near here?/Yes. Theres one next to..post office.
h. We arrived in .Paris on..third of August.
i. Last night we had.dinner in restaurant.
j. I went to..bed late.
6. Put the verb in brackets in the correct form (the infinitive or the ing form):
John Frantz is American. He has a wonderful lifestyle and he wants..(share) it with an
English girl. He enjoys (go) on exotic holidays, but he wouldnt like..(live) outside
the United States. He hopes.(find) an English wife through the English Rose dating agency.
Hed like.(meet) someone who is independent and who likes ..(travel).
7. Put some or any into each gap:
a. Id like.tea, but I dont want..biscuits.
b. Is there..sugar? I cant see .
c. I boughtsuger yesterday.
d. I didnt buycoffee, because I thought we had .
e. We need.bread. Ill get it later.
8. There is one mistake in each of the following sentences. Find it and correct it:
a. How many money have you got?
b. I only have a little potatoes.
c. I dont have many time, so I cant help you.
d. The Sultan of Brunei owns a lot hotels.
e. Close your eyes. Ive got anything for you.
9. What are the superlative and comparative forms of the following adjectives?
Fast, funy, expensive, rich, hot, interesting, good, bad, easy, important.
10. Match a line in A with a line in B:
Whats the weather like?
Horse riding.
Whats Ann like?
Theyre a bit strict.
What was the film like?
OK, but boring near the end.
What does she like doing?
It changes a lot.
What are her parents like?
Shes very nice.
11.Writing Choose between A or B:
A. A long time ago you discussed a trip through South America with a friend. This is
now possible for both of you. Write a letter to your friend suggesting a route and a
timetable.
B. You left Britain in a great hurry and left lots of things in the flat of a friend. Now youd
like the friend to send them to you. Youd also like to know about work pemits in
Britain. Write to your friend requesting your things and inquiring about permits.

Unit 12

Revision Test
Level Intermediate
1. Put each verb given into Present Simple or Present Continuous.
a. What (usually, you, do) at the weekend?
b. Dont worry about the cat. It (only, eat) once a day.
c. I cant work out the answer. (you,know) what it is?
d. Whats the matter? Why (you, stare) at me like that?
e. Excuse me, but (you, speak) English? Im looking for a hotel.
f. Helen (stay) with her brother while her house is being repaired.
g. You should go on a diet. (you, put) on weight.
h. (they, speak) French or German? I cant tell the difference
2. Put each verb given into Past Simple or Continuous or Past Perfect.
The police suspected that Brian (break) the window at his house because he (want) to
make them think that a burglar (steal) his valuable stamp collection. They (think) that
Brian (do) this because he (need) the money. However they (not know) that Brian (fly) to
Brazil the week before, and be abroad when the burglary (take place).
3. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning.
a. I came to live here three months ago.
I ..for three months.
b. Mary is out at the shops at the moment.
Maryto the shops.
c. I have had French lessons since March.
I French since March.
d. Im still reading this book.
I.reading yhis book yet.
e. Paul left the rooma moment ago.
Paul has..the room.
4. Choose the most suitable words underlined.
a. I dont think you could/should tell anyone yet.
b. You couldnt/shouldnt possibly leave without paying.
c. That mustnt/cant be the hotel Jane told us about.
d. There are times when the traffic here can./could be really heavy.
e. We are enjoying our holiday, though the weather could/must be better.
5. In each space put a/an or the, or leave the space blank.
a. Im going to stand for .Parliament at .next election.
b. When I left.station, I had to stand in queue for.taxi for..long time.
c. We took..trip around London and saw.Tower Bridge.
d. happiness of the majority depends on.hard work from everyone.
e. most main roads in this part of ..country followline of roads built
by Romans.

6. Rewrite each sentence so that it contains the words in capitals.


a. We believe that the government has prepared a plan.
HAVE
b. We are thinking of getting someone to paint the house. PAINTED
c. In the end I was unable to find a garage to service my car. GET
d. People say that Mr.Turner was having business difficulties. BEEN
e. The treasure is thought to date from the thirteenth century. IT
7. Complete each sentence with a noun made from the list.
Dark, friendly, happy, lonely, short, sick, silly, thin, tired, thorough
a. The ..of the journey surprised me, as I thought it would be longer.
b. Sue was impressed by the..of everyone in her new school.
c. We knew it was going to rain because of theof the sky.
d. Old Mrs.Holtswas cured when she was given a pet cat.
e. The doctor told Peter that his..was a resultof overwork.
f. Wendys teacher was impressed by the of her work.
g. We wished the bride and groomin their new life together.
h. Joes teachers began to grow tired of his.. in class.
i. I felt rather cold when I arrived because of the in my clothes.
j. Jean took a travel pill, and then she felt much better.
8. Comlete the expression based on the word time in each sentence using a given word.
Spare, Pass, High, Tell, Time
a. Come on, John! Its ..time you started doing some work.
b. What do you most enjoy doing in your.time.
c. I dont go sailing often, but I enjoy doing it from time to.. .
d. When I have to wait at the airport, I do a crossword to.the time.
e. When Carol was given her first watch, she learned to .the time.
9. Choose the correct word underlined in each sentence.
a. When her bike was stolen, Jill became extremely angry/nervous.
b. Peter felt ashamed/embarrassed when he had to make a speech.
c. I always write thank- you letters, just to be gentle/polite.
d. You never do anything to help me! You are so lazy/tired.
e. Sue never does anything silly. Shes very sensible/sensitive.
10. Put the verbs from the list in a suitable form: move, take, put, turn, get.
a. Ive got nowwhere to stay tonight. Can you.me up?
b. Weve bought a new house but we cant ..in it until next month.
c. Adrian doesnton with his neighbours, because they are so noisy.
d. Jan likes cooking, but she says it..up a lot of her time.
e. Dont forget to..off the television before you go to bed.
11. Write a letter in reply to this advertisement, which you saw in a magazine called Today. You
also want to know about accommodation and the cost of living in London. Is there any
other information you would like?
ACCORD SCHOOL: The experts in English teaching in the centre of London
General English classes/Executive classes/Social club.
For a brochure contact: 20 Spanish Place, London W.1,
England Tel. 0149125998

Level Upper-Intermediate

1. Put each verb in brakets into the most suitable present tense.
a. I (hear) that you have been promoted. Congratulations!
b. British people (drink) more and more wine, apparently.
c. I hope Sarah will be here soon. I (depend) on her.
d. Please be quiet! You (continually interrupt).
e. Hey, you! What (you think) youre doing.
f. Could you come here please? I (want) to talk to you now.
g. Jane is away on holiday so Linda (handle) her work.
h. To be honest, I (doubt) whether Jim will be here next week.
i. Youve only just started the job, havent you? How (you get on)?
j. Pay no attention to Graham. He (just be) sarcastic again.
2. Rewrite each sentence so that it contains the word or words in capitals.
a. I intended to call you yesterday, but I forgot.
GOING
b. We used to spend Sunday afternoons working in the garden. WOULD
c. Paul had the irritating habit of making trouble.
ALWAYS
d. Diana wasnt always as rude as that.
BE
e. I felt happy about the improvement in Jeans condition. BETTER
f. I wasnt very keen on sport in those days.
USE
g. I might possibly go to the theatre tonight.
WAS
h. I had to go past your house so I decided to drop in.
PASSING
i. Susan booked out before we go to her hotel.
BY THE TIME
j. What did you do at the moment of the explosion.
WHEN
3. Complete each sentence with an appropriate ending.
a. I havent been feeling very well.
1. time and time again.
b. I went to the dentists
2. all my life.
c. Ive lived here
3. so far.
d. Dont worry. I havent been waiting
4. for the time being.
e. Ive written two pages
5. for the past hours or two.
f. I waited outside your house
6. yet.
g. Ive warned you about this
7. till half past eight.
h. I havent made a decision
8. for a while.
i. The repair worked
9. the other day.
j. Ive decided to believe you
10. long.
4. Decide whether each sentence is grammatically possible or not.
a. If you havent received a letter yet, you havent got the job.
b. If it isnt for David, we are missing the bus.
c. If its raining, we go to the pub on the corner instead.
d. If you didnt le nd us the money, we would have gone to the bank.
e. If you should happen to change your mind, drop me a line.
f. If it wasnt for the rain, we would have been home by now.
g. If you will drive so fast, no wander th epolice keep stopping you.
h. If I knew you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.

i. But for you helped us, we would have taken much longer.
5. Choose the most appropriate words.
a. Jack is/is going to be sixty next month so he retires/will be retiring.
b. Helen and Andrew are due to separate/are on the point of separating.
c. Dont be so impatient! Ill just come/Im just coming.
d. I have to be back at 3.30 so Im leaving/I leave before lunch.
e. What do you think youll be doing/youll do five yearstime?
6. Correct the errors in these sentences.
a. The time yoy spend on the relaxing pasttime is good for you.
b. Dont you work in record shop in High Street?
c. A new campaign against the smoking is directed at the young women.
d. The leader of the team is usually called captain.
e. A half the time I get phone call its wrong number.
7. Complete each sentence with one of the words given.
Agent, competitor, executive, industrialist, producer, client, dealer, foreman, labourer,
trainee
a. Nowadays you often find that the topin a company is a woman.
b. If you have any problems with your work, talk to the.. .
c. Happy Chips is the number oneof patato crispsin the country.
d. Im starting next week as a chef in a large hotel.
e. Our company is the for several large insurance companies.
f. David was not content until he had become a rich . .
g. Our firm is quite a long way ahead of our nearest. .
h. With mechanisation it is difficult to find work as an unskilled .
i. I have been working as a used cr..for the past six months.
j. A company should make everyfeel important.
8. Replace the words underlined in each sentencewith one of the words given.
Rioted, dispersed, pardoned, neglected, swindled
a. At the end of the demonstration, the crowd went off in different directions.
b. The problem is that the government has not done anything about this problem.
c. Hundreds of young people ran out of control in the stress, looting shops.
d. It turned out the theemployees had cheated out of their pensions by their employer.
e. Dave was officially released from his punishment after the police discovered
new evidence.
9. Complete each sentence with one of the words. Respectable,
oppressed, diplomatic, courteous, reactionary.
a. If you are, you are tactful when dealing with people.
b. If you are, you have agood reputation in you community.
c. If you are, you are polite.
d. If you are, you are strongly againstany kind of change.
e. If you are, you are being ruled unjustly or cruelly.

10. A bookshop has sent you some books by post, and the bill. Write to the bookshop enclosing a
cheque, and asking for the receipt. Also, a friend has recommended a cookery book called The
Italian Food but could not remember the author. Ask if the bookshop has this book and can send it
to you.

Bibliography
1. John and Liz Soars: Headway: Elementary, Pre-Intermediate, Intermediate, UpperIntermediate / Student s Book, Workbook, Oxford University Press, 1996.
2. Michael Vince: Intermediate English Practice, Macmillan Heinemann, 1998.
3. Michael Vince: Advanced English Practice, Macmillan Heinemann, 1999.
4. Georgiana Galateanu Frnoaga: Gramatica Limbii Engleze, Editura didactica
si Pedagogica, Bucuresti, 1995.
5. A.J.Thomson and A.V.Martinet: A Practical English Grammar, Oxford University
Press, 1996.
6. A.J.Thomson and A.V.Martinet: Exercises on English, volumes 1 and 2, Oxford
University Press, 1997.
7. Jennifer Seidl: Exercises on Idioms: Oxford University Press,1996.
8. Jennifer Seidl: Exercises on Phrasal Verbs, Oxford University Press, 1997.