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ASPECTUL CONTINUU AL VERBULUI

1. Prezentul continuu (The Present Continous)


1.1 Forma (Form)
Afirmativ (Affirmative)
I am speaking / Im speaking
You are speaking / Youre speaking
We are speaking / Were speaking
They are speaking / Theyre speaking
He / she / it is speaking / Hes / shes/ its speaking
Negativ (Negative)
I am not / Im not speaking
You are speaking / Youre speaking
We are speaking / Were speaking
They are speaking / Theyre speaking
He / she / it is speaking / Hes / shes / its speaking
Interogativ (Interrogative)
Am I speaking ?
Are you / we / they speaking ?
Is he / she / it speaking ?
Negativ Interogativ (Negative Interrogative)
Am I not speaking ?
Are you / we / they not speaking ?
Arent you / we / they speaking ?
Is he / she / it not speaking ?
Isnt he / she / it speaking ?
1.2 ntrebuinare (Use)
1. pentru a exprima o aciune care a nceput nainte de momentul prezent, care este n desfurare n momentul
vorbirii i care se va termina n viitor. Aceast form a verbului indic faptul c durata aciunii este limitat.
Exprimarea ideii de prezent imediat este adesea accentuat prin folosirea adverbelor just i now:
Ex. The sun is shining on the sky now.
The pupli is just writing the exercise.
Adverbele just si now nu mai sunt folosite cnd sensul lor se deduce din context:
Ex. Look, the children are sleeping !
2. pentru a exprima o aciune temporar:
Ex. We usually go to work by bus, but today we are going by cab.
3. pentru a exprima un aranjament hotrt n viitorul apropiat. Este, poate, cea mai folosit cale pentru a exprima
planurile imediate ale cuiva:
Ex. What are you doing tomorrow ?
Trebuie s se specifice momentul aciunii, pentru a se evita orice confuzie.
4. pentru a exprima viitorul, in special cu verbe de micare ca: to come, to arrive, to go, to leave;
Ex. Our friends are arriving tomorrow.
He is going to London on Friday.
5. pentru a exprima o aciune frecvent, repetat, care are o nuan de suprare. Deranjare, iritare, sarcasm.
n acest caz, verbele sunt nsoite de adverbe ca: always, constantly, continually, for ever:
Ex. He is always borrowing money from his friends but never gives it back.
Why are the children being so noisy today ?

Trebuie notat c verbele care exprim senzaii fizice ( to ache, to feel, to hurt, etc.) i construcia to look forward to
nu prezint diferene mari ntre formele de la aspectul simplu si aspectul continuu:
Ex. How do you fell / are you feeling today ?
My finger aches / is aching.
We look forward / are looking forward to their arrival.
6. cteodat, n propoziii subordonate de timp sau condiionale:
Ex. The boy will play in the park while his mother is making a cake.
I will not disturb her if she is watching TV.
7. cu verbele to get sau to grow pentru a exprima o trecere de la o stare la alta:
Ex. It is getting dark.
Our parents are getting older and older.