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# MOCK MAT / RMAT / CET

by :
DR. T.K. JAIN
AFTERSCHO☺OL
centre for social entrepreneurship
bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india
FOR – PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
mobile : 91+9414430763

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 1
Be

Quicker
faster
accurate

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 2
http://www.4shared.com/file/129613569/c4e24
http://www.4shared.com/file/129077728/276ee
http://www.4shared.com/file/129075830/b4e3d
http://www.4shared.com/file/129078229/2bd90
http://www.scribd.com/doc/27133626/Rmat-M
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23610014/Reasoni
http://www.4shared.com/file/129078352/f2882

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 3
QUESTIONS ON BASIC
MATHEMATICS

## TURN TO NEXT SLIDES :....

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 4
Tea worth Rs 120 & 130 per Kg
are mixed with a third variety in
the ratio 1:1:2. If the mixture is
worth Rs 150 per Kg ,
the price of the third variety per
Kg will be?

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 5
SOLUTION

## Let us assume that we use 1kg of first two

rd
varieties and 2 kg of 3 variety. Total is 4 kg.
So the total price is : 150*4 = 600
st
price paide for 1 two varieties : (120+130) =
250
price paid for 3rd variety : 600-250 = 350
Price per kg for 3rd variety : 175 per kg.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 6
A bill for Rs.6000 is drawn on July 14 at 5 months . It is
discounted on 5th October at 10%.Find the bankers discount
true discount, bankers gain and the money that the holder of

## Due date of bill : 17 december

interest for period (17 dec – 5 oct) = 73 days
interst : 6000*73/365 * 10/100 = 120
this is banker's discount, the bank will give 5880
(money the holder will get )
formula for present value : 6000 * 100/ (100+rt) =
6000 *100/102 =5882.35
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 7
In one hour a boat goes 11 km
with the stream and 5 km against
the stream. The speed
of the boat in still water is?
The speed in still water is simple average of
the two speeds. So it is ½ ( 11+5) = 8 Km.
So the speed of boat in still water is 8 km per
hour.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 8
A boat can travel with a speed of 13 kmph in
still water. if the speed of stream is
4 kmph,find the time taken by the boat to go
68 km downstream?

## In downstream the speed of boat and stream

will add up. 13+4 = 17 km per hour.
Thus 68/17 = 4 hours.
The boat will take 4 ours to cover a distance of

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 9
A boat takes 19 hrs for travelling downstream from
point A to point B. And coming back to a point C
midway between A and B. if the velocity of the sream
is 4 kmph . and the speed of the boat in still water is
14 kmph. what is the distence between
A and B?
The boat initially travelled at (14+4) = 18 km per hour.
Then it travelled at (14-4) = 10 km per hour. Let us
assume distance from A to B to be 2X. So it has
travelled :
2x/18 + x/10 = 19
38X = 3420
x= 3420/38 = 90 so distance = 180 ans.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 10
A boat takes 90 min less to travel 36 miles
downstream then to travel the same
distence upstream. if the speed of the boat in
still water is 10 mph .
the speed of the stream is :

## 90 minute = 1.5 hours

Let us assume the speed of stream = x
36/ (10-x) – 36/ (10+x) = 1.5
so X = 2.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 11
A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in
the ratio 7:5 when 9 liters of mixture are drawn off
and the can is filled with B,the ratio of A and B
becomes 7:9. How many liters of liquid A was
contained by the can initially?
Total quantity is same before and after = X. The only change is
in the ratio. 9 liters are taken out in ratio : 7:5, thus 9*7/12 =
5.25 is A and 3.75 is B. We can write it as :
5/12 X + (9-3.75) = 9/16 X
5/12X -9/16X = -5.25
-7/48X = -5.25 or X = 360
the original quantity of A = 360 * 7/12 = 210 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 12
.One quantity of wheat at Rs 9.30 per Kg are mixed
with another quality at a certain rate in the ratio 8:7.
If the mixture so formed be worth Rs 10 per Kg
,what is the rate per Kg of the second quality of
wheat?

## Let us assume that the two types of wheat is

mixed 8Kg and 7Kg respectively – total is 15
st
kg. Total cost : 15*10 = 150. Price paid for 1
type : 9.3*8 = 74.4
nd
price paid for 2 : 150 – 74.4 = 75.6
divide it by 7 to get price of 2nd : 75.6 / 7 =
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 13
Tea worth Rs 120 and 130 per Kg are mixed with a
third variety in the ratio 1:1:2. If the mixture is
worth Rs 150 per Kg ,the price of the third variety
per Kg will be?

## We have taken 1 kg of 1st, 1kg of 2nd and 2kg

of 3rd. Total = 4 kg. Thus total price = 150*4 =
600.
price paid on 1st and 2nd = 250.
rd
price paid on 3 : 600-250 = 350
price per kg = 350/2 = 175 per kg. Answer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 14
A vessel is filled with liquid,3 parts of which are water
and 5 parts syrup. How much of the mixture must be
drawn off and replaced with water so that the mixture
may be half water and half syrup?
The ratio of water and syrup is 3:5. total is 8.
we want them to be equal : 4:4.
thus we want syrup to be 4. now syrup is 5. thus we
have to take 1 out of 5. Thus the ratio in which mixture
has to be drawn out is 1/5. thus 8 * 1/5 = 1.6 must be
drawn out, which in 3:5 is : .6 and 1
thus after drawing, the water and syrup is 2.4 and 4.
add 1.6 water again, and it is 4:4. so 1/5th of the mixture
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 15
The price of an article including the sales tax is Rs
616.The rate of sales tax is 10%,if the shopkeeper
has made a profit of 12%,then the cost price of the
article is?

## Let us assume cost = 100

add sales tax (11.2) = 123.2
thus 100/123.2 * 616 = cost

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 16
By selling 33m of cloth ,one gains
the selling price of 11m.Find the
gain percent?
Suppose sale price is 1 per meter.
Total sale price = 33
profit = 11
cost = 33-11 = 22
thus profit is : 11/22 * 100 = 50% of cost.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 17
Find 3 numbers in the ratio :
2:3:5, the sum of whose squares is
608?

## 2x^2 +3x^2 +5x^2 = 608

38x^2 = 608
X^2 = 608/38 = 16
x= 4
numbers are 8, 12, 20 ans.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 18
work problems

http://www.scribd.com/doc/24305787/Time-amp-W

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583802/1-July-Mathem
http://www.scribd.com/doc/11625711/Basic-Mathem
http://www.scribd.com/doc/19628963/Mathematics
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6683933/Probability-9-S
http://www.scribd.com/doc/11626612/Probability
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6683926/Probability-8-S
http://www.scribd.com/doc/25885859/Probability-fo
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23301009/PROBABILI
http://www.scribd.com/doc/24894086/Basics-of-Per
http://www.scribd.com/doc/7378688/6-August-Quan
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 20

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407732/22-jULY-BU
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407815/28-July-Busin
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407867/29-JULY-QU
http://www.scribd.com/doc/7378688/6-August-Quan
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393694/14-June-aptit
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583737/18-JUNE-Com

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 21

http://www.scribd.com/doc/14675434/29-July-Quan
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393688/14-June-aptit

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Difficult words ...

## Turn to next slides ...

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583519/English-Afters
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6906830/word-power-af
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583315/English-Impro
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583303/Reasoning-Aft
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583520/English-Afters
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583519/English-Afters
http://www.scribd.com/doc/14660441/English-After
http://www.scribd.com/doc/22088672/Basic-Mathem
http://www.scribd.com/doc/19828297/Mathematics
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 24
Find the meaning of the following
words ?
1.Sage : highly learned person 2.Salubrious : healthful
3.Sap : diminish , Undermine 4.Satiate : Satisfy fully
5.Savor : enjoy 6.Sear : char or burn ,
7. Scad : great quantity 8.Spate: sudden flood
9.Sodden : Soaked , dull 10.Snivel : whine, to complain
11. Smirk : concited smile. 2.Slacken : slowup, loosen
13.Sineway: tough, setstrong and firm
14Shyster : lawyer using Questionable methods
15.Shard : fragment , generally of pottery
16.Stanch:Check flow of blood.
17.Stint : be thrifly, set limits 18.Stolid : dull , impassive
19. subside : settleddown, reduce 20.Sylvan: pertaining to the woods
21.Sybarite : lover of luxury. 22.Swindles : cheat
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 25
Difficult words and their
meanings ...
3.Raspy=harsh 4.Revage=plunder,despoil
5.Ravenous=extremely hungry
6.Realm=area of work 7.Renege=deny
8.Repast=meal,feast 9.Regal=royal
10.Rig=fix,manipulate 11.Roster=list
12.Reek=emit(odor) 13.Reiterate=repeat
14.Remorse=guilt,self-reproach
15.Regicide=murder of a king or queen
16.Refectory=dining hall 17.Redoient=fragrant,odorous,
18.Retinue=following,attendants
19.Ruse=trick 20.Ruffian=bully,scoundrel

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 26
How many times does the hands
of a clock make right angle?
Let us take from 6 am to 6 pm. At 6.15 it is
almost right angle (not exact), similarly at
about 6.45 also there is a right angle. Thus we
have 2 occasions between 6 and 7. We should
have 12 hours so 24 occasions when it can be
in right angle. But between 9 to 10 we have
only 1 such occasion (9.30), again from 3 to 4,
we have only one such case. Thus in 12 hours
we have only 22 right angles. Answer
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Why is it so?
We can understand that by the time the minute
hand covers 55 minutes, there is one hour (60
minutes). Thus there is a gap of 5 minutes. We
can see that at times like 9 and 3 there is a
problem. 9 am is counted in 8 to 9 (8.25 and
8.59) to count right angle. And so is the case
with 3 pm). If it is asked what is the exact time
of right angle, use 60/11 as a formula to find
exact time.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 28
How many times do we have a
straight angle between two hands
of a clock from 6 am to 6 pm in a
day?
Ideally it should be 12 (but it will not be 12) .
start at 6, 7.05, 8.10, 9.15, 10.20, 11.25, 12.30,
1.35, 2.40, 3.45, 4.50, 5.55, 6.
thus we have 13 such occasions when we have
straight angle.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 29
A watch which gains uniformly,is 5 min,slow
at 8 o'clock in the morning on sunday and it is
5 min.48 sec.fast at 8 p.m on the following
sunday. when was it correct?
The watch has actually covered 10 min. 48 sec.
In a span of 180 hours. We want to know
minutes. So solve it using following formula :
5/ 10.8 (180) = 82.8
thus exact time is : 82/24 = 3 day + 10 hours
Wednesday : 6 pm + 48 minutes. Answer
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Explanation

## Actually 180 is hours (from 8am to 8pm on

next Sunday).
Actually 82.8 is in hours, to convert it into
days, we have devided 82/24, we get 3rd day +
10 hours.
Why did we use : 10. 8 : note: we converted
10.48 in decimal : 48/60 = .8 so it was 10.8
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Questions on analogy ...

## Next slide .....

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Errata : Books : : flaws:?
(A)Manuscripts (B)Metals
(C)Speech (D)Charter

Metals
(these are errors in flaws just like errata
(errors ) in books)

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Tractor : Trailer : : Horse : ?
(D)Engine

Cart

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 34
Eye :Myopia : : Teeth : ?
(A)Pyorrhea (B)Cataract
(C)Trachoma (D)Eczema

## Pyorrhea (name of disease)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 35
Fossils : Creatures : :
Mummies : ?
(A)Egypt (B)Human beings
(C)Animals (D)Martyrs

Human beings

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 36
Reluctant : Keen : :
Remarkable : ?
(A)Usual (B)Restrained
(C)Striking (D)Evolution

## Reluctant = not interested

keen = interested (so they are opposite)
the opposite of remarkable is usual

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 37
Sculptor : Statue : : Poet : ?
(A)Canvas (B)Pen (C)Verse
(D)Chisel

## Sculptor makes statue

Poet makes Verse

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 38
Pesticide : Crop : :Antiseptic : ?
(A)Wound (B)Clothing
(C)Bandage (D)Bleeding

Wound
pesticide is used to destroy antibodies in crop,
the same role is played by antiseptic on wound

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Engineer : Map : : Bricklayer : ?
(A)Design (B)Template (C)Mould
(D)Cement

Template

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Fire : Ashes : : Explosion : ?
(A)Flame (B)Death (C)Sound
(D)Debris

Debris

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Quail : Partridges : : Yak : ?
(A)Cows (B)Deer (C)Oxen
(D)Antelope

## Similar to them is the relation between Yak

and Oxen

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 42
Bank : River : : Coast : ?
(A)Flood (B)Waves (C)Sea
(D)Beach

## Sea (Coast is the border of Sea, just like a bank

is the border of river)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 43
What is the opposite of the
following words
Jaded (to mock / discourage) : Motivate /
stimulate
.Jaundiced (biased) = Unbiased
.Jaunty (unbalanced, excited) = sedate (calm)
Jeopardy (to put in danger) = Safety
Jettison (to throw out of ship) x Salvage (to
save)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 44
Antonyms :
LACHRYMOSE (which produces tears) = CHEERING (removes tears)
LACONIC (in a few words) = VERBOSE (in lot of words)
LAMPOON (to ridicule) =PRAISE
LANGUOR (in depression) = VITALITY (in youth and zeal)
LAVISH (who spends a lot) = FRUGAL (spending less)
.LAUDATORY (remarkable) = DEFAMATORY (infamous)
LECHERY (without character)= PURITY
LETHARGIC (lazy)= INVIGORATING (full of zeal )
LEVITY (lightly)= SOLEMNITY (serious)
LIMPID (clear) X TURBID (dirty)
LOATH (to hate)= EAGER (keen)
.LOQUACIOUS (talkative) = TACITURN (laconic)
.LURID (colourful) = DULL
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 45
ANTONYMS

## MALIGAN(to criticise) – Eulogize / praise

MALLEABLE (ductile) = Brittle
.MANIACLE (handcuff, chained) = Sane
MANIFEST (visible)= Obscure
MANUMIT (to free) = Enslave

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 46
Cobbler : Leather : : Carpenter : ?
(A)Furniture (B)Wood
(C)Hammer (D)Chair

Wood

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Rupee : Indian : : Yen : ?

Japan

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Ocean : Deserts : : Waves : ?
(A)Sea (B)Dust (C)Sand dunes
(D)Ripples

Sand Dunes

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Illiteracy : Education : : Flood : ?
(A)Rain (B)Bridge (C)Dam
(D)River

Dam

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Appraiser : Building : : Critic : ?
(A)Book (B)Masterpiece
(C)Judge (D)Gold

Book

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Dog : Bark : : Goat : ?
(A)Bleat (B)Howl (C)Grunt
(D)Bray

Bleat

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Oxygen : Burn : : Carbon dioxide
:?
(A)Isolate (B)Foam (C)Extinguish
(D)Explode

Extinguish

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Water : Convection : : Space : ?
(A)Conduction (B)Transference

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Venerate : Worship : : Extol : ?
(A)Glorify (B)Homage
(C)Compliment (D)Recommend

## Venerate = worship = to pray

similarly, extol = to praise =
Glorify

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Data sufficiency question...

## Next. ... slide ...

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How is M related to N ?
1. P who has only 2 kids: M& N. P is the
mother in law of Q, who is sister in law of N
2. R, the sister in law of M, is the daughter in
law of S, who has only 2 kids – M and N.
From the first statement it is clear that M is Man. (M
is husband of Q)
from second statement it is clear than N is also Man
(N is husband of R).
thus M is brother of N
But for getting the answer, first statement is
sufficient, so take care in exam, write only 1st
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How is T related to the man in photograph?
a. The man in photograph is the only son of T's
grandfather
b. The man in the photo has no brother / sister and
his father is T's Grandfather.

## The answer can be drawn from either statement

(alone). Thus we can use any of these

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 58
two whole numbers whose sum is
64 cant be in the ratio ?

Options :

## 3:5, 1:7 3:4 9:7

answer : as you can see that the sum of 3 and 4
is 7, which cant divide 64, so this is the
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 59
If a carton containing dozen mirrors is
dropped, which of the following cant be the
ratio of broken mirrors to unbroken mirrors?

Options :
2:1 3:1 3:2 7:5
again 3+2 is 5, which cant divide 12 so this
cant be the ratio of broken to unbroken mirrors.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 60
A father's age was 5 times son's
age Five years ago. It will be 3
times after 2 years. What is the
ratio of their present age?
Father = X, Son = Y Now
(X-5) = 5 (Y-5) (from first statement)
(X+2)=3(Y+2)
solving these two equations, we get :
X-5Y=-20 and X-3Y=4 , so Y = 12 X=40
thus their ratio is : 10:3 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 61
Vinay got thrice as many marks in maths as in
English. The proportion of marks in Maths and
History is 4:3. If total marks in Maths, english, and
History are 250, what are his marks in English?

## M: E = 3:1, M:H = 4:3,

taking M as common and using cross
multiplication, M : E : H : 12: 4:9 total = 25
M = 12/25 * 250 = 120
E = 4/25 * 250 = 40
H = 9/25*250 = 90 answer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 62
Data sufficiency question : out of
which of the two option, can you

## Question : 1. What is the rank of Mayank in

the class ?
Options : a. Swati is 5th from the bottom, and
she is 30 places behind Mayank
b. There are 40 students after Mayank.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 63
Solution

## From the first statement, or from second

statement, we can get the rank from bottom,
but not from top. We dont know how many
students are there in the class. So we are NOT
able to get answer from any of these two

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 64
Data sufficiency question : from
which of the following can we

## Question : What is the volume of the cubical pot?

Options :
1. the depth of the pot is equal to its width and the diagonal of the
cubical pot is more than double the width.
2. The size of maximum size of ball that can be put in this pot is
almost 80% of volume of this pot.

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Solution

## Answer cannot be drawn. None of the

statement gives some help in finding volume of
the cubical pot.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 66
Data sufficiency question ?

## Question : How many Sons does X has ?

Options :
1. In the garden A was shouting X as father
2. X says that he has 1 offspring

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Solution

## None of the statement is of any help

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 68
Data sufficiency question

## Question : How many persons are sitting in a

roundtable?.
Options : 1. There are 3 persons to the right of
X
2. Y has 2 persons to his left and 2 to his right.

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Solution

## Answer cannot be drawn from either statement.

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Data sufficiency question ?

## Q : which direction is Ankit facing ?

Options :
1. The rays of Sun are falling to the Right of
Ankit.
2. It is morning time now.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 71

## Combining both the options, we can draw the

toward left and rays of Sun are towards right. .

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 72
Two equal glasses are respectively 1/3 and ¼ full of
milk. They are then filled up with water and the
contents mixed in a tumbler. The ratio of milk and
water in the tumbler is ?

## Let us assume that both the glasses have (3*4)

= 12 liters of capacity. The first has 4 liters of
milk and 2nd glass has 3 liters of milk.
Combined together they have 7 liters of milk
and 17 liters of water.
Thus the ratio of milk and water is : 7:17
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 73
The incomes of A and B are in the
ratio of 3:2, and their expenditures
are in the ratio 5:3. if each saves
Rs. 1000, what is the income of
A?
Incomes are in ratio of X and expenditures are in the ratio of Y.
3X-5Y = 1000
2X-3Y=1000
-Y=-1000, X = 2000
thus incomes of A and B : 6000 and 4000 and expenditures are :

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 74
A sum of Rs. 1300 is divided between A,B,C,D
such that A's share divided by B's share = B's
share / C's share = C's share / D's share = 2/3

In such questions, start from Last – and take cube of the last number
to start with – assuming that value for the last variable. (cube , if
there are 3 iteration, if there are 4 iterations, take quadruple)
Let us start from D, assume it to be 27, now C is 18 now accordingly
: B is 12. now A is 8
the numbers are : 8, 12,18,27
thus A should get : 8/ 65 *1300 = 160

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 75
Find the third proportion to 9 :
12?

9:12 :: 12:X
multiply 9 by X and 12 to 12.
9X = 144

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 76
Ankit looks at a photograph and says : “It is the
photo of the only daughter of the maternal
Grandfather of the only son of brother in law of
only son of my maternal grand father.” whose
photograph was it ?

## For this question, solve from last. Convert each clause

into a single word and move forward. Only son of my
maternal granfather = Mama (maternal uncle)
Brother in law of Mama = Papa (father).
So on....
you will find the photo is that of Ankit's Mother.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 77
In a class out of 24 students 14 passed in Enlgish, 14
passed in Hindi, 12 passed in Both the papers. How
many failed in both the papers?

## For such questions, prepare a venn diagram to

solve it . Answer is 8.
See it in next slide :

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 78
Total = 24, out of box = 24-16 =8
= failed in both.

2 Englis 12 Hindi
h
2 2

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A:B = 2:3, B:C=5:7, find A:B:C

## Here B is common. So cross multiply to solve

it. Thus 5 must be multiplied to 2:3 and 3 must
be multiplied to 5:7

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 80
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 81
Mayank has 20 shares of RIL and
market price of one share is 1060.
How much money will he get by
selling them. Brokerage rate is
1%?
Sale price = 1060*20 = 21200
less 1% brokerage = 212

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 82
Atal does a work in 6 hours and
Sonia does the same work in 9
hours. They work together. How
much time will they take?

## 1/6 + 1/9 = (9+6) / 54

now multiply it by ½ ( as there are two persons
here) : 15/54 * ½ = 15/108
now reverse it : 108/15 = 36/5

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 83
A,B,C together complete a work
in 6 days. A and B together do the
same work in 10 days. How much
time will C alone take to do the
work?
1/6 – 1/10 = (10-6) / (10*6) = 4/60 = 1/15
reverse it : 15. so C alone will take 15 days to
complete the work.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 84
Divide 27x^3 – 8 y^3 by 3x-2y

## (3x-2y)^3 = 27x^3 – 8 y^3

so remove its one power
we get : (3x-2y )^2

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 85
Mayank shows a photograph and says that the mother
of this person is the wife of the person who is father
of the person, to whom a girl calls mother, the the
brother of that girl calls Mayank his father. Whose
photograph is that (relation with Mayank)?

## Mayank's brother in Law

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 86
Ram gives to Shyam all the money that he has in his
pocket. Shyam adds that much more from his pocket
and gives to Ravi, who further adds that much amount
and gives that to Kavi, who triples this money and
gives to Raju. Raju gives 10 times this amount to
Mohan. Mohan gives 90% amount of this to Niru and
retains Rs. 120. what is the ratio of this amount to
Ram's original amount ?

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 87
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned
an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of
which are so unrealistic that they have constituted
what one
scholar calls an "artificial face." - correct it

## The Emperor Augustus, it appears,

commissioned
an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of
which are so unrealistic as to constitute what
one scholar calls an "artificial face."

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 88
A recent national study of the public schools shows
that there are now one microcomputer for every
thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there
were four years ago. - correct it

## A recent national study of the public schools

shows that there is now one microcomputer for
every
thirty-two pupils, four times as many as than
there were four years ago.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 89
confronted so many
changes at once as they had in the
Tax Reform Act
of 1986.
Never before had taxpayers confronted so
many changes at once as they in the Tax
Reform Act
of 1986. (as per past perfect tense, we are using
had with the first part – so there is no need
with the 2nd part)
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 90
Correct it : As have many self-
taught artists, Perle Hessing did
not
begin to paint until she was well
into middle age.
Like many self-taught artists, Perle Hessing did
not begin to paint until she was well into
middle age.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 91
Statements:
I. All pilots are experts.
II. All authors are pilots.
Conclusions:
I. All authors are experts.
II. No expert in an author.
st
Only 1 conclusion is valid conclusion.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 92
Statements:
I. Some doctors are institutes.
II. Some crooks are institutes.
Conclusions:
I. All institutes are doctors.
II. Some institutes are crooks.
nd
Only 2 conclusion is valid conclusion

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 93
If the positions of the fifth and the twelfth letters of the
word GLORIFICATIONS are interchanged and
likewise the positions of the fourth and fourteenth
letters, the third and tenth letters, the second
and eleventh letters, the first and thirteenth letters, are
interchanged,
then which of the following will be the twelfth letter
from the right end?

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 94
Ostrich is related to Antelope in
the same way as Egret is related to
(a) Cow
(b) Buffalo
(c) Camel
(d) Zebra
Buffalo (both depend on each other)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 95
Hong Kong is related to China in
the same way as Vatican is related
to..?...
(b) Mexico
(c) North America
(d) Rome

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 96
Solution

## Hongkong is part of China, similarly Vetican is

a part of Rome.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 97
Forfeit is related to Surrender in
the same way as Remit is related
to
(a) Perceive
(b) Confiscate
(c) Exempt
(d) Refrain

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 98
Solution ...

Refrain

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 99
Who is paternal uncle of Pavan?
I. Pavan is brother of Poornima, who is daughter
of Meena, who is
sister of Kumar, who is brother Smrithi.
II. Prithvi is brother of Indrajith, who is husband
of Poornima, who is
mother of Ganga, who is sister of Pavan.

## From 2nd statement – it is clear that uncle of

Pavan is Prithvi, but 1st statement doesnt give

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 100

What is Milan’s rank in the class of 44 students?
I. Ramesh, whose rank is 17th in the class, is ahead
of Shyam by 6 ranks, Shyam being 7 ranks ahead of
Milan.
II. Suketu is 26 ranks ahead of Milan and Shyamala
is 6 ranks behind Milan while Savita stands exactly
in the middle of Shyamala and
Suketu in ranks, her rank being
17th

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 101

Four of the following five have similar
relationship and hence form
a group. Which one does not belong to the group?
(a) BROTHER : DORVEHT
(b) ENGLISH : GGNNSIJ
(c) ANOTHER : CONVEHT
(d) BETWEEN : DTEZEEP
(e) HUSBAND:JSUDNAF

## D is not proper. In Brother – two step to B, OR

HE, two steps to R, we get DORVEHT.
Similarly we have to solve all the options.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 102

Which of the following relates to FLOWER
in the same way as
RTERBN relates to SECTOR?
(a) RWLGPF
(b) EOFKUQ
(c) EOFMXS
(d) RWLEND
R then W, then L, now from behing, E instead
of F, N instead of O, D instead of E. We get :
RWLEND

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 103

Who among the following British Governor-
Generals shifted India’s capital from
Calcutta to Delhi in 1911?
a) Lord Louis Mountbatten
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord Hardinge
d) Warren Hastings

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 104

“Golden Handshake” is the term associated
with
a) Share market
b) Retirement benefits
c) Voluntary retirement benefits
d) Smuggling

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 105

Which of the following is the first surface-
to- surface missile in India?
a) Prithvi
b) Trishul
c) Agni
d) Naag

PRITHVI

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 106

Mist is caused by
a) Dry ice
b) Ice at low temperature
c) Water vapours at low temperature
d) Carbon- monoxide in solid form

TEMPERATURE

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 107

Who among the following was the author of
“Rajtarangini”, commonly regarded as
the first genuine history of India written by an
Indian?
a) Banbhatta
b) Ravikirti
d) Kalhana
KALHANA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 108

Which of the following Articles of the Indian
Constitution deal with the Directive
Principles of State Policy?
a) 26 to 41
b) 31 to 56
c) 36 to 51
d) 41 to 66

36 TO 51

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 109

The Chinese pilgrim Fa – Hien visited India
during the reign of
a) Kanishka
b) Chandragupta I
c) Chandragupta II
d) Harshavardhana

Chandragupta II

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 110

The Indian Navy’s only sailing ship, which
returned to Kochi after a 10- month
voyage around the globe is,
a) INS Vibhuti
b) INS Tarangini
c) INS Prabhat
d) INS Viraat

INS Tarangini

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 111

Correct it : It being an important (a)/ letter,
the draft had to be (b)/ seen by the Governor
(c)/ itself for
approval.

## It being an important (a)/ letter, the draft had to

be (b)/ seen by the Governor (c)/ himself for
approval.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 112

Correct it : Irrespective of either
(a)/ Vijay or Sanjay goes (b)/ the
overdue payment (c)/ cannot be
collected. (d)/ No error.
Irrespective of whether (a)/ Vijay or Sanjay
goes (b)/ the overdue payment (c)/ cannot be
collected. (d)/ No error.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 113

In a certain code language, ‘3a, 2b, 7c’
means ‘Truth is Eternal’; ‘7c,
9a, 8b, 3a’ means ‘Enmity is not Eternal’ and
6a, 4d, 2b, 8b’ means
‘Truth does not perish’. Which of the
following means ‘enmity’ in that
language?

## Is and eternal are common in first two lines,

so are 7c and 3a. From the first two lines, we
find that enmity + not means = 8b+9a
from this and third sentence, we find Not is
common,
5 DECEMBER 09
which is 8b. Thus
www.afterschool.tk
9a is left out, thus
114
In a certain code language, ‘po ki top ma’ means
‘Usha is playing cards’; ‘Kop ja ki ma’ means ‘Asha
is playing tennis’; ki top sop ho’ means ‘they are
playing football’; and ‘po sur kop’ means ‘cards and
tennis’. Which word in that language means ‘Asha’?

## In the first 2 sentences IS PLAYING are

common, ki ma are also common. Asha +
tennis = kop + ja. Let us compare this with po
sur kop, where kop is for tennis (cards and
tennis). Thus Asha = ja (answer)

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 115

A long rope has to be cut to make 23 small
pieces. If it is double
need to be cut? Options : 9,12,11,10

11
as after cutting 11, we are able to get its double
22 pieces – and one last piece – which is at
fold (one piece).

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 116

There are 19 hockey players in a club. On a
particular day 14 were wearing the hockey shirts
prescribed, while 11 were wearing the prescribed
hockey pants. None of them was without either
hockey pants or hockey shirts. How many were in
complete hockey uniform?

14 + 11 – 19 = 6 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 117

In a class room three fourth of the boys are above
160 cm in height and they are 18 in number. Also out
of the total strength, the boys form only two third and
the rest are girls. The total number of girls in the class
is

th
18 are 3/4 of boys, so total number of boys
is : 18 * 4/3 = 24 (total number of boys)
of the total strength the ratio of boys and girls
is 2:1, so number of girls is 12. answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 118

‘A’ is east of ‘B’ and west of
‘C’. ‘H’ is South-West of ‘C’, ‘B’
is South-East of ‘X’. which is
farthest West?
When you put them on a map :
B A C (from west to East)
south to them is H and X is further North West
of B.
with the information given, it seems that X is
the farthest West.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 119
A girl earns twice as much in December as
in each of the other months. What part of her
entire year’s earning does she earn in
December?

## Let us assume that she earns 1 in each month,

but in December she earns 2. Total income =
11*1 + 2 = 13
thus she earns : 2/13 of her total income in
December month alone.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 120

One watch is 1 minute slow at 1
pm on Tuesday and 2 minutes fast
at 1 pm on Thursday. When did it
show the correct time?
48 hours have passed and in this duration the
watch has gained 3 minutes. We want to know
when the watch gained 1 minute. So it should
be : 1/3 * 48 = 16 hours.
Thus the watch gave correct time on : 1+16
hours = 5 AM on Wednesday answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 121

Which number when placed at
the sign of interrogation shall
complete the matrix?
6 6 8
5 7 5
4 3 ?
120 126 320

solution

## Here you can see that when you multiply

6*5*4 , you get 120 and so on, thus you have
to put 8 in place of interrogation sign (?) so

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 123

In the sequence given below the sum of the two digits
which immediately precede the digit ‘4′ exceeds the sum of
the two digits which immediately follow the digit 4 and sum
of the two digits which immediately follow the digit 6
exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately
precede the digit 6. How many such 4’s and 6’s together are
there?
54462635642843766483

## 1). Let us start with 4 after 54, sum of 54 is 9, and sum of

62 is 8, thus our condition is fulfilled. 2). 4 (56 =11,
28=10) 3). 4 (66 * 83)
so 3 is answer (only 3 conditions by 4, no condition is
fulfilled by any 6)

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 124

Below are given six three-digit numbers. The digits comprise
ofnumeric and letters. The letter indicates its serial order in
the English alphabet. What will be the middle digit of the 4th
number when the numbers are arranged in the descending
order after interchanging numeric in each number without
altering the place of letter in the number?
19F, 2H9, 98B, D76, 7A6, 61E
We have to interchange numeric first :
91F,9H2,89B,D67,6A7,16E
now convert letters into numerics :
916,982,892,567,617,165
Now we have to put them in descending order :
982,916,892,617,567,165
the middle one of 4th number is A (617 , 1=A) answer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 125
In a code language any letter which is immediately after or before a
vowel in the English alphabet is substituted by that vowel and any
vowel i.e. A, E, I, O and U is substituted by the letter immediately
following that vowel in the English alphabet. How can the word
FEVERISH be written in that code language?

write F, U for V, F for E, no change in R, J
instead of I, no change in S, I for H.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 126

How many pairs of letters are there in the word
SPONTANEOUS which have number of letters
between them in the word one less than the number
of letters between them in English alphabet?

## 1). P and T have gap of 2, in alphabet they

have gap of : 3.
2). U and S have no gap, in alphabet they have
gap of 1.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 127

In the following question one term in the number series is
wrong. Find out the
wrong term.
11, 5, 20, 12, 40, 26, 74, 54

## Here we have two series :

11*2 – 2 = 20
20*2 – 2 = 38
38*2 – 2 = 74
second series is :
5*2 + 2 = 12
12*2+2 = 26
26*2+2 = 54
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 128
More material on reasoning :

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23610014/Reasoning-e-

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 129

Mayank has three children — Sangeeta, Vimal and Ashish.
Ashish married Monika, the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Roy. The Roys married their youngest daughter to the eldest
son of Mr. and Mrs. Sharma,, and they had.two children
named Amit and Shashi. The Roys have two more children,
Roshan.and Vandana, both elder to Veena. Sameer and Ajay
are sons of Ashish and Monika. Rashmi is the daughter of
Amit. What is the surname of Rashmi ?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 130

Six lectures A, B, C, D, E and F are to be organised in a
span of seven days -from Sunday to Sunday ,-only
one,lecture on each day in accordance with
the following rules (i) A should not be organised on
Thursday. (ii) C should be organised immediately
after F. (iii) There should be a gap of two days between
E and D. (iv) One day there will be no lecture (Friday is
not that day), just before that day D will be organised.
(v) B should be organised on Tuesday and should not
be followed by D. On which day there is no lecture ?

## Tentative schedule : S=d M=no T=b W=e

T=fF=c S=a
On Monday – there is no lecture.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 131
There are five persons P, Q, R,S and T.
One is football player, one is chess
player and one is hockey player. P and S
are unmarried and they dont participate
in any game. None of the ladies plays
chess or football. There is a married
couple in which T is the husband. Q is
the brother of R and is not a a chess
player nor a hockey player.
Who is the football player ?

Solution

## P & S dont play so remove them. We have

QRT left. One of them is lady, she must be R
(as T and Q are men). T and Q play two games
- chess and football (as these are not played by
ladies). Thus T plays chess and Q plays
football and R plays hockey. Answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 133

Of the five boys A, B, C, D and E two are good, one is poor and two
are average in studies. Two of them study in post-graduate classes and
three in under-graduate classes. One comes from a rich family, two from
middle-class families and two from poor families. One of them is
interested in music, two in acting and one in sports. Of those studying in
under-graduate Classes, two are average.and one is poor in studies. Of
the two boys interested in acting, one is a post graduate student. The one
interested in music comes from a middle-class family. Both the boys
interested in acting are not industrious. The two boys coming from
middle-class families are average in studies and one of them is interested
in acting. The boy interested in sports comes from a poor family, while
the one interested in music is industrious. E is industrious, good in
studies, comes from a poor family and is not interested in acting, music
or sports. C is poor in studies inspite of being industrious. A comes from
a rich family and is not industrious but good in studies. B is industrious
and comes from a middle-class family. Name the boy interested in
sports.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 134
Solution

## A=rich,non industrius , good in study,acting

B=UGmiddle class, industrious , avg. In
study ,music
C= UGindustrious, poor in study (sports)
D= UGmiddle, not-industrious,average in
study (acting)
E=poor,industrius,good in study, not -(M,S)
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 135
solution...

## Thus based on the table, we can say that C is

interested in sports.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 136

A girl leaves from her, home. She first walks
80 metres in North-west direction
and then 30 metres in South-West direction
Next, she walks,30 metres in South-east
direction. Finally, she turns back towards
her house. In which direction is she moving
now ?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 137

A walks 10 metres in front and 10
metres to the right. Then every
time turning to his left, he walks
5, 15 and 15 metres respectively.
How far is he now from
his starting point ?
DRAW THE MAP AND SOLVE IT

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 138

A child is looking for his father. He went 90 metres
in the East before turning to his right. He went 20
metres before turning to his right again to look for
his father at his uncle's place 30 metres from this
point. His father was not there. From here he went
100 metres to the North before meeting his father in
a street. How far did the son meet his father from
the starting point ?
DEDUCT 30 FROM 90 AND 20 FROM 100 FIND
SQUARES OF 60 AND 80 AND ADD THEM, YOU
GET 10000, SQ.ROOT OF WHICH IS 100. ANSWER IS
100 M.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 139

A father tells his son, "I was of your present age
when you were born." If the father is 44 now, how
old was the boy 5 years back ?

## THE AGE OF SON IS 22 YEARS NOW. SO

HIS AGE 5 YEARS BACK WAS 17 YEARS.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 140

In a certain code '13' means 'stop smoking' and '59' means 'injurious habit'
What is the meaning of '9' and '5' respectively in that code ?
I. '157' means 'stop Bad habit'.
II., '839'means 'smoking is injurious'. How do you get answer ?

## Solution : solution can be obtained from any of

these two hints. If you take first hint, 59 and
157 have 5 as common number. The common
number denotes habit. Thus 5 means Habit.
If you take 2nd hint, 9 is common between 59
and 839 and the common word is injurious,
thus 9 means injurious. Thus you can use either
of these two statements to answer.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 141
WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
BANK OF INDIA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 142

WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
CITIBANK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 143

WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 144

WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
SBI

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 145

WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
DENA BANK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 146

WHAT IS THE PUNCHLINE OF
INDIA INFOLINE

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 147

MATCH THE CEO AND THE
COMPANY
• Bank of baroda • AK KHANDELWAL
• Bank of india • ALOK KUMAR
MISRA/CH&MD
• Andhra bank • RAMAKRISHNAN/CH
• Citibank AIRMAN&MD
• Bank of maharashtra • VIKRAM PANDIT
• ALLEN C A
• PEREIRA/CHAIRMAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 148

WHO IS CEO OF KOTAK
MAHINDRA BANK ?

UDAI KOTAK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 149

WHO IS CEO OF HSBC

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 150

WHO IS CEO OF ICICI

CHANDA KOCHAR

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 151

WHO IS CEO OF HDFC BANK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 152

WHO IS CEO OF AXIS BANK
(FORMERLY UTI BANK)

SHIKHA SHARMA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 153

WHO IS CEO OF STANDARD
CHARTERED BANK

PETER SANDS

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 154

WHO IS CEO OF MORGAN
STANLEY MUTUAL FUND

N. RAMCHANDRAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 155

WHO IS CEO OF INDUSIND
BANK

RAMESH SOBTI

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 156

WHO IS CEO OF MUTHOOT
GROUP

M. GEORGE MUTHOOT

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 157

WHO IS CEO OF YES BANK

RANA KAPOOR

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 158

WHO IS CEO OF SBI?

O.P. BHATT

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 159

WHO IS CEO OF BARKLEYS
BANK

MARCUS AGIUS

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 160

WHO IS CEO OF ABN AMRO
BANK

GERRIT ZALM

BANK

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 162

WHO IS CEO OF BANK OF
AMERICA

BRIAN MOYNIHAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 163

WHO IS CEO OF BANK OF
RAJASTHAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 164

WHO IS CEO OF CANARA
BANK

A.C. MAHAJAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 165

WHO IS CHAIRMAN OF BANK
OF MAHARASTRA

ALLEN PAREIRA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 166

WHO IS CHAIRMAN OF
ANDHRA BANK

K. RAMCHANDRAN

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 167

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 168
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 169
A, B, C, D, E, and F are a group of friends. There are two
housewives, one professor, one engineer, one accountant and one
lawyer in the group. There are only two married couples in the
group. The lawyer is married to D, who is a housewife. No woman in
the group is either an engineer or an accountant. C, the accountant, is
married to F, who is a professor. A is married to a housewife. E is
not a housewife. What is E's profession?

## Males :C (accountant), A, (E) Lawyer

females : D(housewife),F (professor), (B)
Housewife
Thus E is a lawyer, as all other professions are
occupied.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 170

Five women decided to go shopping to The Loot Bikaner. They arrived at
the the Loot showroom in the following order: 1. Archana, 2. Chellamma,
3. Dhenuka, 4. Helen, and 5. Shahnaz. Each woman spent at least Rs.1000.
Below are some additional facts about how much they spent during their
shopping spree.
i. The woman who spent Rs. 2234 arrived before the lady who spent
Rs. 1193.
ii. One woman spent Rs. 1340 and she was not Dhenuka.
iii. One woman spent Rs. 1378 more than Chellamma.
iv. One woman spent Rs. 2517 and she was not Archana.
v. Helen spent more than Dhenuka.
vi. Shahnaz spent the largest amount and Chellamma the smallest.
Questions : The woman who spent Rs. 1193 & when did she come?

## A=1340, C = 1193, S=2573, H= 2517,D=2234

1193 is smallest, so it was spent by
Chellamma. She is 2nd to come. Answer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 171
Let A and B be two solid spheres
such that the surface area of B is
300% higher than the surface
area of A. The volume of A is
found to be k% lower than the
volume of B. The value of k must
be

solution

## Surface area of sphere : 4pi*r*r

if we assume smaller sphere of R=1 and larger
sphere of R=2, then our condition is fulfilled.
Now find volume of the two spheres :
4/3*pi*r*r*r so the ratio of the bigger and
smaller spheres are : 8:1 thus volume of A is
lower by : 7/8*100 = 85% anwer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 173
There are 8436 steel balls, each with a
radius of 1 centimeter, stacked in a pile,
with 1 ball on top,
3 balls in the second layer, 6 in the third
layer, 10 in the fourth, and so on. The
number of
horizontal layers in the pile is
Solution : first pile : 1, 2ndpilw;63rdpile:

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 174

The 288th term of the series a,
b, b, c, c, c, d, d, d, d, e, e, e, e, e,
f, f, f, f, f, f.... should be :
We can see the series is : 1,3,4, (a is 1, b is 2, c
is 3 ,,, so on
apply formula of Total of arithematic
progression:
Tn = n/2(2A+(n-1)d)
288=n/2 (2+nd-d) use options to solve
questions earliers.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 175

A shopkeeper increases price of
an item by 20% and then gives a
discount of 20% on new price.
What is the net impact ?

## Let us assume that initial price is 100, new price is 120

now 20% discout is applied from 120
120 -24 = 96
thus we can see that there is a net impact of - 4%.
in short : 20% multiplied to 20% gives -4% ans.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 176

There are certain words written
randomly, can you infer what will
come next :
A8R L24M X72H ....?
Try to find some pattern :
A = 1, L = 12, X = 24 next : K
numberic : 8 * 3 = 24, now 24*3 = 72, next :
216
R = 18, M = 13, H 8, next : C
we can say next code : K216C answer
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 177
We use + for multiply, - for divide, / for
subtraction and * for addition. Following
BODMAS, what should be the answer :
for the following :
3* 5-1/4+2 =
2* 3* 4/ 2 – 1 +2+2 =
2-2+3-4/ 4 *2 =
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 178
20 persons came to a party and
each person shook hand with each
other person. How many
handshakes were there?
understand. Suppose there are 4 persons, first
will shake hand with 3, second will shake hand
with 2, third will shake hand with 1. we have :
3+2+1 = 6. thus we can say : N * (N -1) / 2= 6
similarly here : (20 * (20-1)/ 2 = 190 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 179

How many zeroes are there when
you count from 1 to 100?

= 11 zeros.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 180

You take up all those positive numbers
which are ending with 2 and are less than
100 and are divisible by 3. How many
such numbers are there?

12, 42, 72
thus we have 3 such numbers.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 181

We have 0,1,2,3,4 as digits. How
many 5 digit numbers can we
make out of these. Repeatition is
not allowed?
For the first number, you have 4 options (zero
not be used) :
for 2nd number you have 4 options again (the
first number will not be used) , for 3rd number
we have 3 options, so on
= 4*4*3*2*1
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 182
multiplied these two digits and got 56. He was again
up these numbers and found their difference, it was
15. what will you get if you find the correct answer ?
X* Y = 56
X^2 – Y^2 = 15
(x+Y) (X-Y) = 15
now try with options at this stage. Take factors of 56,
which are : 2*2*2*7
the factors could be : 4*14 or 8*7
so X = 8 and Y = 7, their difference is 1 and X +Y = 15,
.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 183
In order to go to his office from home, Vivek goes
first to his right then he turns towards left three times.
Then he again turns to his right. He has to again turn
left 2 times to enter his office, which is North facing.
What direction is his house facing?

## Total left turns : 3 + 2 = 5

total right turns : 1 + 1 = 2
net : 3 left turns.
Now from office, he will take net 3 right turns
to enter his home. He will be west facing while
entering home, so home will be East facing.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 184
Kapil says that his birthday is after 26
February, but his friend Mayank says that it is
before 1 March. His another friend Vivek says
that it is between 25 and 28. When is the birth
day of Kapil?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 185

Mayank swims across a river a distance of 200
meters 12 minutes, but he can also swim with
the current in water same distance in 5
minutes. What is his speed in still water?
Formula = (Distance ) / (Time ) = speed
while going accross the river, the speed is : X-Y= a
( 200/12)= 16.66 , where X is Mayank's speed and Y =
water's speed
while with the water, the speed is X + Y = b (200/5) = 40
the speed of Mayank is average of 40 and 16.66 = 28.33
and the speed of water is (40-16.66)/2 = 11.66 m. Per

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 186

WHO HAS TAKEN HIGHEST
NUMBER OF WICKETS IN 1
DAY AND TEST CRICKET?

M . MURALIDHARAN OF SRILANKA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 187

WHERE WILL NEXT
OLYMPICS BE HELD?

LONDON 2012

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 188

NAME OF CAPTAIN OF
HOCKEY TEAM IN INDIA ?

## MALE : SANDEEP SINGH

COACH : MAHARAJ KISHAN KAUSHIK
FEMALE : SURAJ LATA

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 189

WHICH COUNTRY
PRODUCES MAXIMUM GOLD
?

SOUTH AFRICA
(AND INDIA CONSUMES THE MOST)

WHO IS THE PRIME
MINISTER OF UK?

TONY BLAIR

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 191

HOW MANY COUNTRIES ARE
MEMBERS OF WTO NOW ?

153
WTO = World Trade Organisation , earlier
called GATT, set up in 1995.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 192

What is the nickname of Glen
McGrath?

Pigeon

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 193

A,B,C speak one statement true and one false.
A says to B : “I am a thief.” 2. “You are a
Doctor.” B: “Yes, I am a doctor” “C is a
thief.” C adds : 1. “ I am a theif.” “B is a
Doctor.” Who is theif ?

Let us suppose A's 1st statemet is right, 2nd statement is wrong. Thus
B's 1st statement is false and 2nd right. C's 2nd statement is false, thus
1st is correct. Here there are two theifs – A and C.
If we assume A's 2nd statement to be correct, then A is not a theif,
and no one is a theif.
Thus either no one is theif or A+C both are theives. Logically , NO
ONE is theif here.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 194

required. He takes them and his son steals half of
these. Out of remaining, his daughter steals half. Now
when A is fired by his boss that he had brought
exactly 70 less than what was required. What is the
ratio of nuts brought and to be brought?
takes away 12 and his daughter takes away 6
out of the remaining. He finally has 42 less
than required. Thus original requirements :
70/42* 48 = 80
thus ratio is : 1:8 answer (you may assume any
numbers but answer will be same).
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 195
A,B,C each deposit Rs. 1000 in a partnership. Out of
this A takes away half of his capital after 6 months, B
takes away 25% of capital 4 months before the year
end. And C doubled his money after 3 months. Out of
profit of 82000 how much will A get?

## A _ (6*1000) + (6*500) = 9000

B= (8*1000) + (750*4) = 11000
c = (3*1000) + (9*2000) = 21000
their profit sharing ratio : 9:11:21
A will get : 9/(9+11+21) * 82000 = 18000

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 196

Who is Noble peace prize winner
for 2009?

Barak Obama

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 197

Who won booker award in 2009?

Hilary Mantel

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 198

Who is the president of United
Nations ?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 199

How many seats did congress win
in the last national election?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 200

Who won the filmfare award for
best film in 2008?

zemeen pe

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 201

Who won the US open (female) in
Tennis?

Justine Henin

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 202

Name the books written by
Chetan Bhagat ?

5 point someone
one night at call centre
3 mistakes of my life
2 states – a story of my marriage

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 203

Name the MD of IMF?

Dominique Strauss-Kahn

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 204

WHO IS GOVERNOR OF RBI ?

Dr. D. Subbarao

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 205

WHO IS THE DIRECTOR OF 3
IDIOTS?

RAJKUMAR HIRANI

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 206

WHO WON THE DATASAHEB
PHALKE AWARD 2008?

cinematographer V K Murthy

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 207

NAME AUTOBIOGRAPHIES
OF INDIAN CRICKETER

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 208

HOW MANY CENTURIES
HAVE BEEN HIT BY
TENDULKAR ?

45 IN ONE DAY
46 TEST MATCHES
DECEMBER 2009)

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 209

Which of these is correct ?

## a. Having completed his lunch, a dog bit

Mohan, who went to market.
b. Having completed his lunch, Mohan went to
market, where he was bite by a dog.
c. Having completed his lunch, Mohan went to
market, where he was bitten by a dog.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 210
Which of these is correct?

## 1. although he worked very hard, but he has

failed.
been failed.
3. although he worked very hard, yet he failed.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 211
Which of these is correct?

## 1. He reached station before the train had

reached
reached after him.
3. he had reached the station before the train.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 212
Fill in the blank :

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 213

Arrange the following in proper
order :

## a) if she ate a monkey's heart

b)One day, she pretended to be very ill and told the
crocodile that
c)If her husband wanted to save her life
d)the doctor said that she would only recover
e)he must bring her his friend's heart

answer : B – D – A – C – E

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 214

Rearrange the following to make a
meaningful paragraph:
a)The blow was so heavy that his mind almost gave way,
and
b) if you could only find them out, and that the fewer the
world contained the better.
c)So every evening he married a fresh wife and had her
strangled the following morning before the grand-vizir,
d) he declared that he was quite sure that at bottom all
women were as wicked as the sultana,
e) whose duty it was to provide these unhappy brides for
the Sultan.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 215

Ram and Shyam had equal money, which they
deposited in two different banks. One got 10% simple
interest, but the other got 5% half yearly
compounding interest. At the end of 2 years, their
amounts had difference of Rs. 10, what was the
original amount deposited by them?
Let us suppose they deposited 100 each. First
person will get : 100+10+10 = 120
2nd person will get : 100 + 5 + 5.25 + 5.5125 +
5.79 or 5.80 = 121.56
the difference is 1.56, if difference is 10, the
principal should be : 10/1.56* 100 = 600 by
each approx.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 216
A shopkeeper uses weight of 900 grams
instead of 1000 grams (1kg) while selling.
He sells at his cost + 10%, what is his
actual profit in %?

## He sells 900 grams when he is charging for

1000 grams. Suppose he purchased 900 for Rs.
900. His cost is 900, but he is charging for
1000 + 10% = 1100
his profit is 200 on 900, or 200/900 *1000 =

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 217

A circle (of maximum size possible) is
inserted inside a squre. How much of the
area of square is still left out of total area
in %?
Let us suppose that the side of square is 14.
area of square is 14*14 = 196
area of circle : 22/7*7*7 = 154
area left : 196-154 = 42
in % = 42/196 *100 = 21% approx. Answer
you can assume any value instead of 14 and try
to work out the %, the answer will be the same.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 218
Out of the following chart, please,
tell how many female students got
between 50 - 60% in PGPSE ?
> 6 05 0 - 6 <0 5 0 t o t.
m a le 1 8 18 80
f e m a le 2 40
30
5 DECEMBER 09
20
www.afterschool.tk
120
219
Solution...

## We can see that 12 girls got more than 60%

marks.
40 – 12 – 2 = 26 got between 50 to 60%.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 220

Based on the data given below,
find out sale of Raju TV store.

## 1990 was the first year, when Raju TV sold

again after 4 years. Raju sells 400, 600, 800
TV in 94, 98, 99 respectively. There was no
new customer in 2000, but the sale was simple
average of sale of 1990 and 1994. How many
TV did Raju TV sold in 1996.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 221
solution....

## Average of 1990 and 1994 = 250

no new customer in 2000, so 250 TV will be
sold as repeat customers.
Thus sale in 1996 = 250 TV.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 222

Ram, Ajay and Ravi (3 friends) are experts in three games – cricket,
hockey and golf. One of these live in Delhi, and other two live in
Mumbai. The person who lives in Delhi doesnt like Golf. Hockey
player lives in Mumbai. The person whose name is smallest is also
the best player of Golf. Ajay daily goes to his friend's home. Ravi
has to visit Mumbai twice a year. Who plays cricket?

## Ajay lives in Mumbai (he cant be Delhi, as he

daily visits his friend). The person who lives in
Delhi doesnt like Golf, he also cant play
Hockey (Hockey player is in Mumbai), so that
persn plays Cricket. So the person who lives in
Delhi plays criciket. Ravi visits Mumbai,so he
lives in Delhi. Ravi plays Cricket.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 223
Nanu's maternal grand father, and maternal grand mother both are
doctors. His father is Engineer, but his mother is Professor. A is elder
to C, but Younger to B. D is wife of A. E is husband of B. The eldest
person is a male but he is neither A nor Nanu. Out of two ladies, the
elder is Doctor and younger is professor. Who is Engineer. Which
statement is redudant?

## A is engineer (as he is the second male in

hierarchy). The last statement : out of two
ladies, the elder is doctor and younger is
professor, is redudant – as it is not required).

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 224

118, 66, 252, 137 ....

## Look at the series, you find that 66 has been

computed from 118 as under :
1^3+1^3+8^2 = 66, similarly
6^3 + 6^2 = 252
so : 137 = 1^3 + 3^3 +7^2
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 225
What will come next :;;;
1,8,27,64... so on???

125,

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 226

A went to buy 2 shirts and 1 trousers. He carried Rs. 1000 with
him (just sufficient) . The ratio of prices of shirt and trouser is :
7:6. however, he purchased 2 trousers and 1 shirt and returned
back with Rs. 50 also. What will he pay, if he buys 2 shirts and
3 trousers?

## 2 Shirt + 1 Trousers = 1000

1 shirt + 2 trousers = 950
1 shirt – 1 trousers = 50, Now from 1st equation: 2 trousers + 1
trousers + Rs. 100 = 900
thus 1 trousers = 300 and 1 shirt = 350.
he will spend 700+900 = 1600 answer.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 227

X has to organise his lecture plan. He has to teach
entrepreneurship, Planning, Finance, and Law on 4 days
and one day is for IT. IT must be before Law, but
Planning should not be on the 1st day. Finance and IT
must be on any of the last 3 days. Prepare complete
schedule.

## Solution: Last day : law, 2nd last IT, 3rd last :

Finance, 4th last : Plannning; the first day :
Entrepreneurship. It is better to solve the last
day first in this types of questions.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 228

A,B,C,D are working on a project with
different names. W is not A, B is not Y or
Z. D and E have no relation to C and W
Who is A?

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 229

There are two numbers whose
HCF and LCM are 8 and 25, what
are those numbers?

## No such numbers are possible as LCM 25 is

not divisible by 8, LCM is always divisible by

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 230

Mayank Bothra wants to bring tiles for his
room. His room's size is 28 feet by 20 feet.
What should the size of square tile, so that
minimum number of tiles are used?

## Find HCF of 28 and 20. The HCF is 4, so the

size of tile should be 4 feet by 4 feet. The total
number of tiles required will be : (28*20)/(4*4)

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 231

A monkey is trying to climb a Date tree. He climbs 4
feet in 2 minutes, but in the next 1 minute, he slips by
3 feet. When will he reach at the top of this Date tree
which is 36 feet high?

## Actually he travels 1 feet in 3 minutes. He has

to travel (36-4) = 32 feet, which will take 32*3
= 96 minutes. Then in the next 2 minutes he
will be at the top of the tree. Thus he will take
98 minutes in all.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 232

Mayank Bothra buys apples @ 4
for Rs. 3 and sells them @ 3 for
Rs. 4. what is his profitability?
There are two important numbers 3 and 4, so
let us take LCM of 3 and 4, this is 12. let us
assume Mayank got 12 apples. He had to pay 9
to buy 12 apples. Now he goes to sell them, he
gets Rs. 16 when he sells them. His profit is
(16-9) – 7, so his profitability is 7/9 *100 =
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 233
Naresh Jain makes payment to a shopkeeper.
By mistake the shopkeeper reveses the digits of
the amount to be paid and takes Rs. 54 more
than what was required. What was the actual
payment due?

## Hit and try for this type of question. Try for 39

and 93. 93-39 = 54. The shopkeeper has taken
93 instead of 39. So the amount due was 39.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 234

A and B run opposite to an elevator. The ratio of the speed
of elevator, A and B is : 1:6:3 Elevator is going up, but A
and B are coming down. A takes 1 minute and B takes 2.5
minutes to come down. How much time will they take if
elevator was not moving?

## If elevator is not moving, they will take less

time. Look at the speed ratios. A will take 1/6
time less – so he will take 60 seconds – 10
seconds= 50 seconds and B will take 1/3 time
less, so he will take : 150 seconds – (150*1/3)
= = 100 seconds. Answer. 2.5 minutes = 150
seconds
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 235
Ajay has to pay to Mayank Rs. 1100 after
1 year. What should he pay now and settle
the accounts? Rate of interest is 10%

## We have to find the present value of 1100

formula of present value is (Amount * 100)/
(100 + rate of interest * no. Of years)
= (1100 *100) / (100 +100) = 1000

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 236

A, B,C, & D start a game. In the beginning all of them had
equal amount. The winner has to collect half the amount
of all other players. In the first round C wins. In the 2nd
round B wins and in the 3rd round B again wins. At this
time, their scores are : A : 50, B : 1250, C : 250 D : ?
What was the score of each of these in the beginning ?

## The score of D should be equal to that of A =

50. Now add the score of all of these, we get
1600. Thus each of these should have score of

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 237

A thief steels a necklace and runs @ 10
Km per hour at 3 pm. After 18 minutes,
a policeman starts chasing him @ 15 km
per hour. Whenwill the thief be caught?

## At the speed of 10, the thief would have run 10

*18/60 = 3 Km. So policeman has to chase him
for this distance to start : 3 / (15-10) * 1/60
=

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 238

Mayank Bothra wants to get his room
coloured. His room is 10 Ft by 20 Ft.
Assuming that colouring costs Rs. 100 per sq.
ft., how much will Mayank pay (for four
walls), height of walls is 10 feet?

## The side towards length :

20*10 = 200
the side towards width :
10*10 = 100
total 4 walls (200*2+100*2 )=600 ft.
Total payment : 600*100=Rs. 60000 ans.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 239

Rishi has put his icecream in a rectangular
bowl of 10*20 inch with depth of 5 inch. Now
he wants to make a round ball out of this. What
will be the diameter of this ball?

## Total quantity of icecream = 10*20*5 = 1000 cubic inch

volume of sphere : = 4/3*pi*radius^3
= 4/3 22/7*r*r*r = 1000
r= cubic root of (21000/88)
r= 6.5 approx. Or diameter= 13 inch approx. Answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 240

In a typcial coding exercise, a person says
that RAM= 32, and SITA= 49, what will
be KRISHNA In that code?

## RAM = R= 18, A=1, M = 13 so adding these

RAM = 32
SITA, S=19, I=9, T=20,A=1
Adding these we get 49, so KRISHNA should
be : K=11,R=18,I=9,S=19,H=8,N=14,A=1
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 241
If Earth:Moon, and Sun:mercury,
what should be X: Titan

## The Moon rotates round the Earth, Mercury

rotates round the Sun, Titan rotates round the
Saturn. So X = Saturn.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 242

Rishi has a white cube of 5 inch dimensions. He cuts
it to make smaller cubes of 1 inch each. Before this he
dips the cube to colour one of its dimension as red.
Now how many cubes will have red as a colour on
one side?

## The cube is cut into dimension of 1 inch each.

Thus (5*5*5)/(1*1*1) = 125
thus we have now total 125 small cubes. Out of
these 125, 25 cubes are such which have one
dimension as red.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 243

A group leader puts his group in rows and columns.
He finds that the number of rows and columns are
equal. He finds that 20 more persons have to come. If
he puts these 20 persons, there is one more complete
row or one more column. What is the number of
persons in his group?

## It is clear that there are 20 rows and 20

columns, so total number of persons is 400.
add 20 more persons to it, you get :
20*20 = 400 + 20 = 420 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 244

Mayank has some money in his pocket. He gives me half of this.
Now he spends 75% of the remaining on purchasing a shoe. He then
realises that he has to buy a T shirt also. So he spends 80% of the
remaining on a T-shirt. He is now thirsty and so spends 20% on a
mineral water bottle. He is left with Rs. 40. How much did he have
in the beginning?

## Start from last, multiply each value by 100/ (100-what %

is spent) :
40*100/80 = 50
50*100/20 = 250
250*100/25 = 1000
1000*100/50 = 2000
thus he had 2000 in the beginning

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 245

Mayank Bothra has prepared a software, which puts the
letters in alphabetic order, but one at a time in 1 second.
How much time will the software take to put T I G E R in
ascending or descending order?

TIGER
first of all E will be put in the beginning
then G will be put after E. Then I will be put
after G and then R will be put before T.
Total time : 4 seconds.
In descending order : 1 second only (as only R
has to be put after T)
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 246
What is BODMAS?
B= BRACKET
O = OF
D=DIVISION
M=MULTIPLY
S=SUBTRACT
apply these in this sequence only.
So 9+9/9-2*1of (2-3*1/3) = 9+1-2= 8
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 247
Which is bigger :

## let us compare 12/13 and 14/16, logically

12/13 should be bigger (gap between 13 and 12
is only 1). still : cross multiply : 12*16 and
13*14 , which is bigger? = 12*16 is bigger so
12/13 is bigger. Similarly we have to compare
all the values and find the biggest number.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 248
What will come next in the
series :
ANW, DKT, GFQ, ....?
The series is : A – D – G so next digit should
be : J (gap of + 2)
next series is : N-K-F so next : Y (increasing
gap -2,-4,-6)
next series : W-T-Q = N (gap of -2)
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 249
A goes from X to Y at 10 am and will
reach at 12 and B goes from Y to X at 9
and will reach at 12. when will they cross
each other?

## A travels for 2hours, B for 3 hours. Let us assume that the

distance is (2*3) = 6 KM. A travels @ 3 KM per hour and
B @ 2 km per hour. At 9 B starts, till 10 he covers 2 KM.
Now gap between A and B is 4 Km. Divide 4 by (2+3) =
4/5 = .8 , so they will meet at 10 + (.8 * 60) = 48 minutes.
So They wil meet at 10 + 48 min. Ans

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 250

A puts an item at 10% discount, before
doing this he had actually increased the
marked price by 10%, what is the change
in his revenue?

## Let us assume that the earlier marked price is

100. add 10% = 110, now A reduces it by 10%
(10% discount on marked price) so he gets
110-11 = 99
thus there is 1% reduction in his revenue
or (10% * 10% = 1%)

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 251

A takes up 2 types of rice – one at 10 per
kg and another at 50 per kg, how should
he mix these to get a profit of 20% when
he sells them @ 30 per KG?

## Sale price is 30, so cost should be 30*100/120 = 25

in order to get the ratio of mixture, let us deduct 25 from
10 and 50, we get : 15 and 25, now reverse these ratio :
25:15 or 5:3,
thus rice of the rate 10 should be 5/(5+3) = 5/8 and rice of
rate 50 should be 3/8 or their ratio should be 5:3 answer.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 252

A and B are partners and share profit in the capital ratio
of 3:2, however, A withdraws his half of the money after
5 months, and B doubles his money after 8 months, what
is the final profit sharing ratio?

## For first six months, the capitals are in the ratio

of 3:2, but now there is some change.
A withdraws 1.5 and after 2 more months, B
Thus (3*6months + 1.5*6months) : (2*8
months + 4*4months)
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 253
A:B = 2:3, C:D = 3:4, B:D = 3:2,
what is A:C?

## In A:B and B:D, we have B common, so

A:B:D = 2:3:2
We know that C:D is 3:4, so keep the value of
D as 4, thus new ratio is :
A:B:C:D = 4:6:3:4
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 254
A can complete a work in 20 days and B can
do the same work in 30 days. Both work
together for 1 day and get 500 as total amount,
how should this money be divided between A
and B?

## A: B should be 30:20 (reverse of 20:30 – the

number of days taken by them in doing the
work).
Thus A should get : 300 and B 200 answer.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 255

A,B,C start a work together. A can do
it alone in 20, B in 30 and C in 40 days,
in how many days will they finish the
work?

## A's one day work : 1/20, B's one day's work :

1/30 and C's one day's work : 1/40,
add them : 1/20 + 1/30 + 1/40
(6+4+3)/120 = 13/120 , now reverse it :
120/13 = 9.2 days or 10 days approx.

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 256

There are 720 students in an examination, out of
them, 1/3rd fail in English, 1/4th fail in Mathematics,
1/8th fail in both the paper. How many dont fail in
any paper?

## Out of 720, 240 fail in English, and 180 fail in

Mathematics and 90 fail in both the paper.
Thus the total number of students who have
failed in either paper : 240+180 – 90 = 330
thus the students who have not failed in any
paper is : 720 – 330 = 390 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 257

th th
Kapil is 4 from top and 106
from bottom. How many students
are there in total ?

## There are three students before Kapil, 105

below him and he himself so : 3+105+1 = 109
or
4+106 – 1 = 109 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 258

A and B have salary in the ratio of 10:11, but their savings are
in the ratio : 3:7, but now their salaries increase by 100% each.
If earlier their total savings was Rs. 2100, what is their new
savings, if they dont change their expenditure and they spend
equal amounts?

## Their total savings : 2100, so A saves 3/10 *2100 = 630 and B

saves : 7/10 * 2100 = 1470
difference of their savings is : 840, so A should earn 840 *10 =
8400 and spend (8400-630) = 7770 and B should earn 9240
and save (9240-1470) = 7770. thus their new incomes are :
16800 and 18480 and new savings are : (16800 – 7770) = 9030

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 259

A and B run a race and A gives B a start
of 100 meters in 1000 meter race, still A
wins by 1 second or 1 meters. What is the
ratio of their speeds?

## B takes 1 second to cover 1 meters, so his speed is 3600 meters

per KM or 3.6 km per hour. He has actually run 900 meters
only. He should take 900/3600*60 = 15 minutes
A has run 1000 meters in 14 minutes and 59 seconds. So his
speed is 40 KM per hour approx.
Thus the ratio of their speed is 40:36 or 10:9 answer

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 260

What is 10% of 30% of 1500?

## 30% of 1500 = 450

now 10% of 450 = 45 so answer is 45

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 261

Which is more 3^1/3 or 4^1/4?

## Let us take the two powers : 1/3 and 1/4, let us

now get same powers. LCM of 3,4 is 12, so let
us multiply them by 4/4 and 3/3, we get : 4/12
and 3/12. we can now solve the numerator
powers : so answer is : 81^1/12 and 64^1/12
now we can see that 81^1/12 is bigger, so the
answer is 3^1/3 is bigger than 4^1/4
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 262
Ravi sees a photo and says that “this is the
photo of younger son of the brother of the
grandson of the father of the brother of the
mother of my sister”, whose photo was it?
Answer : This is the photo of nephew of Ravi
(son of Ravi's cousin) answer In order to solve
such questions, start from last, and try to solve
each relationship in simple terms or prepare a
tree diagram from these statements. For
example, : brother of the mother of my sister =
maternal uncle – so similarly replace all these
sentences.
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 263
PRACTICE MATERIAL:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407950/mathematics-

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 264

http://www.scribd.com/doc/11625819/Basic-Mathem
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407954/mathematics-
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583520/English-Afters
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407945/MATHEMAT
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 265
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583303/Reasoning-Aft

## 5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 266

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393680/REASONING
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393719/reasonning-44
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583347/DI-and-Reason
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23407636/10-July-reaso
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583273/Reasoning-Qu
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393476/10-July-reaso
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393716/REASONING
http://www.scribd.com/doc/14705025/17-Reasoning
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393478/10-July-reaso
5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 267
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23393316/general-know
http://www.scribd.com/doc/23609752/Group-Discus
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6583547/General-Know

THANKS....