Sunteți pe pagina 1din 26
 

INDEX

SUBJECT

PAGE

NUMBER

SHOT

PEENING AND THE

ALMEN

TEST METHOD

I NTRO DUCTI ON

2

TOOLS AND

EQUIPMENT

FOR A

DEMONSTRATION

6

WHERE TO

PURCHASE TOOLS AND

ACCESSORIES

3

FACTORS

AFFECTING

PERFORMANCE

4

COMPARISONS

TO

FREE

SHOT

PEENING

5

STEP-BY-STEP

PROCEDURE

DEMONSTRATION

MAXIMUM OPERATING

SPEEDS

APPENDIX

7

18

20

PAGE

1

SHOT PEENING

Peening of metals to improve their performance is an ancient metal work-

stress into the surface. A part that has its surfaces

stress will show a significant increase in fatigue performance

also be less susceptible to stress corrosion cracking.

ing practice that can be traced back to medieval blacksmiths who hammered swords

and armor to make them stronger.

a residual compressive

in compressive

and will

Peening is a cold working process that imparts

Most modern peening is done by impacting the metal

surface with cast

steel shot which is propelled at moderately high speed by an air blast or a

centrifugal wheel.

In most design applications,

the proper method to determine

the

the

amount of peening necessary, is to peen the part and then subject it to

The problem that arises is how to determine how much cold

fatigue testing.

working has been done to the part so that once fatigue test data is available,

part can be manufactured to the same tolerances as the test samples. A

method for such measurement was developed by Mr. J. O. Almen of the Research Laboratories Division of General Motors. It is called the Almen Scale of Peen Intensity and has been adopted by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

This method measures the amount of curvature of a standardized steel test strip

when peened on one side.

The best method for establishing a shot peening soeci-

fication

parameters, taking

a

reference (i.e.

parameters that

as an in-process manufacturing specification to insure the correct peening

intensity is produced on a day-to-day basis. An excellent book on the basics of

shot

Corporation, Mishawaka, Indiana.

is to peen fatigue specimans to various intensities by changing operating

Almen intensity readings at each set of conditions.

from the fatigue studies,

Once the

there

is

desired performance properties are achieved

the Almen intensity)

produced the desired results. The Almen test can then be used

that allows returning to the operating

peening and the Almen test method is available from the Wheelabrator

PAGE 2

INTRODUCTION

The intent of -this bulletin is to simplify the procedure for conducting an in-part demonstration of this product. The peening time and R.P.M. charts

have -been simplified to cover the majority of conditions normally encountere(J

For conditions not covered,

conversion charts.

Trades BUilding Service and Cleaning Products sales representative through -

your local

The 3M Brand Roto-Peen Flap Assemblies type TC-330 each consist of two scientifically-designed polymeric flaps to which tungsten carbide shot particles are bonded. The flaps are joined with a special bonding matrix which allows them to be easily used with the appropriate hardware. These unique peening products provide a method of precision peening with maximum portability and cleanliness. They are especially suited for in-service

rework,

the appendix has complete saturation and hole

For further assistance, please contact the Industrial

office.

3M Branch sales

manufacturing repair of small areas and will

effectively peen

holes down to 1/2 inch (12.7mm) diameter.

The 3M Brand Roto-Peen Flap Assemblies

numbers MIL-R-81841

type TC-330 are covered in mil

In-house

specification

specifications

McDonnell

(AS) and MIL-W-81840 (AS).

have also been established by boeing Aircraft Company,

Douglas, Lockheed, and others.

3M Brand Roto-Peen

Flap Assemblies

type TC-330 are supplied in three

sizes to cover various applications, and mandrels for each flap size.

PAGE 3

These products utilize #330 tungsten carbide shot.

flap is recommended for large, flat unobstructed areas.

coverage rate on the #7211 used on flat

x 1 in.

in.

The

1 in.

x 3 in.

If increased flaps may be loaded

is desired,

mandrel. areas or to

as many as

five

1 in.

x 2

The 9/16 in.

x 1-1/4

in. flap assembly may also be

The 9/16 in.

to 3/4 in. diameter.

peen flap assembly is recommended for holes 1/2 in.

holes down to 3/4 in. diameter.

Any of the flaps may be cut narrower with a scissors to peen confined

areas or to peen

into areas with a radius

down to

Some suggested applications are:

1/16 in.

(1.6mm).

Stress control engine supports.

application that requires peening after grinding.

on aircraftlanding gear, wing structures, and

Also on helicopter rotor assemblies or any

.

~

.

- Peening of surfaces subject to stress corrosion

- Peen forming

- Peen straightening

Peening the heat affect zone on welds to improve fatigue performance

The 3M Brand Magnetic Almen Strip Holder is an essential

part of the

Roto-Peen system. It makes possible the use of the precise, standardized Almen Strip Peening Intensity· Control System, with Roto-Peen products by eliminating the protruding hold-down screws found on the conventional Almen Strip Holder. It also makes Almen strip measurements easier and allows the

use of one Almen strip for an entire saturation curve. This holder is available from your Industrial Building Service and Cleaning Products Division sales representative.

PAGE 4

FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE

When using 3M Brand Roto-Peen Flap Assemblies,

Type TC-330,

three factors which control

the amount of peening (intensity).

there are

The rotational

The length of time a given area is peened

The Roto-Peen flap deflection

speed of the flap

The rotational speed, increased the

speed controls the peening intensity.

intensity.

Increasing the

Decreasing the speed lowers the intensity.

It

The scale used to measure peening intensity is called the Almen Scale.

is the degree of curvature, measured in 1/1000 of an inch, a precision steel test strip (Almen Strip) will bend under a given set of operating conditions. For applications requiring higher intensities, the Almen "C" strip is used. For lighter applications, the Almen "N" strip is used.

All

gauge.

intensity measurements must be made on a Type 2 Almen speciman (See tools and accessories section for ordering information.)

Peeni ng time controls the coverage of

peening impressions.

a

surface.

Mos t

specifi ca ti ons

for peening are stated to an Almen intensity at 98+% coverage. 98+% cover-

age is referred to as "saturation", which means the entire surface is covered

with

doubling the peening time produces less than a 15% increase in Almen intensity.

Saturation is further defined as the point at which

The height the Roto-Peen flap

is positioned above the whole surface is

The mantrel

and flap assembly

the third critical factor in product performance. The height above the work surface controls flap deflection. The best results are achieved with maximum flap deflection. In operation, this point of maximum flap deflection is also

the easiest and most comfortable to maintain.

should be held such

If

vibration will

additional information.

that the mandrel does not quite touch the work piece.

in the tool.

the assembly is run too high above the surface, an uncomfortable bounce or

Refer to drawings in the appendix for

be felt

To insure uniform coverage of the surface being peened,

a circular or

oscillating motion should be used as the entire area to be peened is

covered uniformly.

to lOX magnifier to determine whether complete coverage has been achieved. Every portion of the original surface must be covered with peening impressions.

Repeen any area which does not show full coverage.

Visually inspect the peened area with the aid of a 5X

PAGE 5

COMPARISONS TO FREE SHOT PEENING

The following graphs compare the Roto-Peen Type TC-330 Flap Assemol ies

fatique

co conventional

performance of 3M Brand

free shot peening.

,

PAGE 6

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT NECESSARY FOR

A ROTO-PEEN TC-330 DEMONSTRATION

1. Supply of TC-330 Flaps. Five of each size is recommended.

2. Mandrels, to fit flaps being used.

3. 3M Brand magnetic Almen strip holder.

4. Almen Type 2 specimen gauge.

5. Almen strips Type A, at least 25.

6. Technical Service Bulletin, at least two copies.

7. Variable speed tool.

If a "set-point"* variable speed tool

available,

then a strobe light tachometer must be used.

is

not

8. Stop wa tch

* A tool of

this type is presently being tested by the Industrial Technical

If the tool

proves to be viable,

publish a Field Bulletin with details.

the Industrial

Technical

Service group.

Service group will

PAGE 7

This section is a step-by-step procedure to conduct a Roto-Peen TC-330 demonstration.

To illustrate

requirements are used:

this

procedure, the following examples of customer

. FLAT SURFACE

12 Almen "A" intensity

Area to

be peened is

2" x 2-1/4"

PEENING A HOLE

10 Almen

"A"

Hole diameter

intensity

.75" x 1.25"

deep

PAGE 8

 

STEP ONE

_Almen "A"

intensity desired

 

Examp 1e

1"'2'--

CONVERT TO 3M HOLDER INTENSITY

ALMEN

"A"

I NTENS ITY

DESIRED

3M HOLDER INTENSITY

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

8

10

9

12

10

14

S

G)

13

18

14

20

15

22

16

23

17

25

18

26

19

28

20

30

3M Holder Almen

Intensity

Example

17

_

_

_

Conversion is necessary because the 3M Brand Magnetic Almen Strip Holder allows the Almen Strip to bend more than does the conventional screw down type Almen strip holder.

STEP TWO

PAGE 9

Detenni ne area to be

peened.

1. If a flat surface.

area is

length

times width.

2.

If

3.14 x the hole diameter x the hole depth.

area to be peened is

a hole.

then area is equal

to

Area to be peened:

(Write it down)

Example:

-

IN 2

Area to be peened

is

2"

x 2-1/4"

=

4.5

in 2

_

An Almen

2.25 in 2 . To achieve 98+% coverage (saturation) of an Almen strip requires a minimum peening time of u,o minutes.

test strip is

3"

long X 3/4" wide and thus

has

an

area of

PAGE 10

,.- Determi ne wh ich

f1 ap size

STEP THREE

to

use

-

A.

If

the area

to

be peened is

flat with no restrictions,

use

a

1"

x

2"

TC-330

 

flap.

B.

If peening a hole,

use the 9/16"

xl"

TC-330 flap

for

holes

from 1/2"

to 3/4".

Use

the 9/16"

x 1-1/4" TC-330

flap

for holes over 3/4" diameter.

 

C.

If working in a restricted area,

use which ever size

flap

fits

the application.

To get

into narrow slots

or into

radii

dovin

to 1/16",

the TC-330 flaps

may

be

cut narrO\~er wi th a scissors.

 

Go

to

Step

Four A for 9/16"

x

1"

and 9/16"

x 1-1/4"

flaps.

Go

to Step

Four B for

1"

x

2"

flap.

Example:

For this

application

a 9/16"

x 1-1/4"

flap

has

been

selected.

STEP FOUR A

DETERMINING CORRECT RPM FOR 9/16" X 1" AND 9/16"

PAGE 11

X 1-1/4" TC- 330 FLAP

Peening Time

3M INTENS lTV DESIRED

120

SECONDS

180

SECONDS

240

SECONDS

9

2900

2700

2600

10

3200

3000

2900

12

3800

3500

3400

14

4300

4100

3900

15

4600

4300

4200

17

5100

4980

4700

18

5400

5100

4900

20

6000

5700

5500

22

6500

6200

6000

23

6800

6500

6300

25

7300

7000

6800

26

7600

7300

7000

28

8100

7800

7600

30

8700

8400

8100

(For actual

sa turati on curves see Appendi x)

TOOL RPM:

 

Example:

5000 RPM

TIME:

 

Example:

120 Seconds

Verify that the time and RPM are correct by peeni ng an A1men strip with the above conditions (see Step Six for procedure). Slight RPM changes may be necessary.

Note:

The maximum operating speed of these f1aos

is

15,000 RPM.

STEP FOUR B

DETERMINING CORRECT RPM FOR 1"

PAGE 12

X 2" TC-330 FLAP

3M INTENS ITY DESIRED

Peening Time

120

SECONDS

180

SECONDS

240

SECONDS

9

2000

1800

1800

10

2100

2000

1900

12

2400

2300

2200

14

2700

2500

2500

15

2800

2700

2600

17

3100

2900

2800

18

3200

3100

3000

20

3500

3300

3200

22

3800

3600

3500

23

3900

3700

3600

25

4200

4000

3900

26

4300

4200

4000

28

4600

4400

4300

30

4800

4700

4500

TOOL RPM:

(For actual

saturation

curves see Appendi x)

(Hri te

TIME:

it

do~m)

(Hrite it down)

Verify

\'Iith

that

th e time

an d

the above conditions

RPM are

correct by

peeni ng an A1men strip

(see Step Six for procedure).

Slight

RPt1 changes

may

be

necessary.

Note:

The maximum operating speed of this

flap

is 6,000 RPM.

STEP FIVE

PAGE 13

DETERMINE TIME NEEDED ON WORK AREA -

Area to be peened:

(from Step Two)

(I~rite it down)

2.25 in 2

The area of an A1men strip

is

-

- Thus,

the time needed to peen the area of workpiece is

Peeni ng time =

Area to be peened

2.25

X Time (from Step

In many cases, an A1men strip is used to demonstrate Roto-Peen

capabilities. from the charts.

In that case,

the peening time is taken directly

If other than an A1men strip is used,

EXAMPLE:

Peening time = Area to be peened

2.25

X

Time

(from Step

=

2.25 4,5

X 120 seconds

Peening time =

240 seconds

4A or

4A

or

48)

48)

STEP SIX

PAGE 14

HOW TO MAKE AN ALMEN INTENSITY READING

1. Place an unpeened A1men strip on the A1men gauge.

2. Turn the face of the gauge so that the dial reads O.

3. Place the side of the strip that contacts the gauge down on the 3M A1men strip holder.

4. Peen the strip with the time and speed determined from the charts.

Note:

Be sure

to

the holder.

to run the TC-330 flap in the direction that tends

push the A1men strip against the strip that is bonded to

5. Place the un peened side of the strip against the A1men gauge.

6. Read the A1men intensity.

7. Compare reading in Step 6 to desired A1men intensity, and,

if

necessary, make a speed adjustment to achieve the desired intensity.

If a speed correction is necessary, repeat above procedure to

verify

that correct intensity is achieved.

Note;

1. The A1men strips must be clean,

reproducible results.

free of oil

or grease to give

PAGE 15

STEP SEVEN

PEENING HOLES

Because operating a TC-330 flap in the 1.0. of a hole reduces

the free swing of the flap,

it is necessary to increase the

speed to achieve the same peening intensity. The increase in

speed needed is

which TC-330 flap is being used.

in holes

dependent on the diameter of the hole and

the speeds

for the 9/16"

to 3/4"

(19.lmm).

x

1"

flap

Chart 7A converts

from 1/2"

(12.7mm)

Chart 7B converts

holes from 3/4" (19.lmm) to 1-1/4" (3l.8mm). No conversion,

increase in speed, (31. 8mm).

To use the charts, find the 3M Almen intensity desired and

the speeds

for the 9/16"

x 1-1/4" flap in

is necessary in holes larger than 1-1/4"

read across

diameter to be peened.

To determine the peening time, use the formula -

the chart to the column that includes the hole

Hole Peening Time (Seconds)

:

Hole Dia.

X 3.14 X Hole Depth X 120

2.25

EXAMPLE:

Hole Size

Des i red 3M Peening

:

.75" Diameter X 1.25"

Depth

Intensity: l4A (Equal

to lOA on the standard

Almen strip

holder)

Hole Peening

Time = .75

X 3.14

X 1.25 X 120

(Seconds)

2.25

Peening Time = 157 seconds (Seconds)

Correct tool

The proper operating conditions

Hole

RPM,

from Chart 7B,

is

7700 RPM.

for this

example are -

Tool

Speed = 7700 RPM

Time

= 157 Seconds

See the appendix for formulas

to calculate operating parameters

CHART 7A

CONVERSION TABLE FOR .50"

(12.7mm) TO .75"

HOLES TO BE PEENED WITH THE 9/16" Xl"

(19.1mm)

:

DIAMETER

TC-330 FLAP

PAGE 16

'I I

   

CORRECT RPM

CORRECT RPM FOR 120 SECOND PEENING TIME FOR HOLES WITHIN THE DIAMETER RANGE SPECIFIED

 

3M AL~1EN

STD.

ALMEN

 

FOR A FLAT

 

NTENSITY

INTENSITY

AREA (120 sees)

.50-.53

.54-.57

.58-.61

.62-.65

.66-.69

.70-.73

.74-.77

7

 

6

2400

6000

5400

4900

4500

4200

3900

3700

9

7

2900

7300

6600

6000

5500

5100

4700

4400

10

8

3200

8000

7200

6600

6100

5600

5200

4900

12

9

3800

9500

8600

7800

7200

6700

6200

5800

14

10

4300

10800

9700

8900

8100

7500

7000

6600

15

11

4600

11500

10400

9500

8700

8100

7500

7000

17

12

5100

12800

11500

10500

9700

8900

8300

7800

18

13

5400

13500

12200

11100

10200

9500

8800

8200

20

 

14 6000

15000

13600

12400

11400

10500

9800

9100

22

15 6500

-

14700

13400

12300

11400

10600

9900

23

16 6800

-

-

14000

12900

11900

11100

10400

25

17 7300

-

-

15000

13800

12000

11900

11100

26

18 7600

-

-

-

14400

13300

12400

11600

28

19 8100

-

-

-

-

.

14200

13200

12300

30

20 8700

-

-

-

-

-

14200

13300

DO NOT EXCEED 15,000

RPM WITH THE ROTO-PEEN 9/16"

X 1" TC-330 FLAP ASSEMBL~

CHART 7B

CONVERSION TABLE FOR. 75"

(l9.1mm) TO 1.25"

(31.8mm) DIAMETER

HOLES TO BE PEENED WITH THE 9/16"

X 1-1/4" TC-330 FLAP

PAGE 17

   

CORRECT RPM

 

CORRECT RPM FOR 120 SECOND PEENING TIME FOR HOLES WITHIN THE DIAMETER RANGE SPECIFIED

 

3M ALMEN

STD.

ALMEN

 

FOR A FLAT

 

[NTENSITY

INTENSITY

AREA (120 sees)

.75-.81

.82-.88

.89-.94

.95-1.00

1.01-1.06

1.07-1.12

1.13-1.18

1.19- 1.25

7

 

6

2400

4300

3900

3500

3300

3100

2900

2700

2500

9

7

2900

5200

4700

4300

4000

3700

3500

3200

3100

10

8

3200

5800

5200

4700

4400

4100

3800

3600

3400

12

9

3800

6800

6200

5600

5200

4800

4500

4300

4000

14

10

4300

7700

7000

6300

5900

5500

5100

4800

4500

15

11

4600

8300

7400

6800

6300

5800

5500

5100

4900

17

 

12 5100

9200

8300

7500

7000

6500

6100

5700

5400

18

13 5400

9700

8700

7900

7400

6900

6400

6000

5700

20

14 6000

10800

9700

8800

8200

7600

7100

6700

6300

22

15 6500

11700

10500

9600

8900

8300

7700

7300

6900

23

16 6800

12200

11000

10000

9300

8600

8100

7600

7200

25

17 7300

13100

11800

10700

10000

9300

8700

8200

7700

26

18 7600

13700

12300

11200

10400

9700

9000

8500

8000

28

19 8100

14600

13100

11900

11000

10300

9600

9100

8600

30

20 8700

-

14100

12800

11900

11100

10400

9700

9200

DO NOT EXCEED 15,000 RPM WITH THE 9/16" X 1-1/4" ROTO-PEEN TC-330 FLAP ASSEMBLY.

PAGE 18

MAXIMUM OPERATING SPEEDS FOR ROTa-PEEN TYPE TC-330 FLAP ASSEMBLIES

9/16"

X 1" Flap

15,000 R.P.M.

9/16"

X 1-1/4" Flap

15,000 R.P.M.

1"

X 2"

Flap

6,000 R.P.M.

PAGE 19

TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES FOR USE WITH 3M BRAND ROTO PEEN PRODUCTS

(THE FOLLOWING TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES HAVE BEEN FOUND

SATISFACTORY.

HOWEVER, EQUIVALENTS MAY BE SUBSTITUTED.)

ROTO TEEN

 

PRODUCT

TOOL OR ACCESSORY

MODEL

MANUFACTURER

COMMENTS

TC-33C

MINIATURE FLEXIBLE

SERIES MMG-44A

THE FOREDOM ELECTRIC

MOST VERSATILE

9/16" x 1-1/4"

SHAFT POWER TOOL

ELECTRIC MOTOR

COMPANY

TOOL FOR FLAP

& 9/lE"

xl"

BETHEL, CONNECTICUT

ASSEMBLIES

TC-33("

 

1"

x

2"

ROTARY AIR TOOL

ROTARY FILE

 

&

CS- 330

3-1/2"

NO. 8067-D-2

DIAMETER FLAP

 

THE ARO CORPORATION

 

LmEEL

 

AIR MOTOR SPEED CONTROL

STANDARD DUTY

400

ENTERPRISE STREET

 

PRESSURE REGULATOR

BRYAN, OHIO 43506

 
 

NO.

27220

 

ALL T(-330

 

STROBE LIGHT

STROBATIC NO. 1531

GENERAL RADIO COMPANY CONCORD, MASSACHUSETTS

 
 

TACHOMETER

PHOTO ELECTRIC TACHOMETER

THUMB TACH NO.

GD-69

HEATH COMPANY BENTON HARBOR, MICH.

MAXIMUM PORTA- BILITY, LOW COST, KIT FORM ONLY

 

49022

ALL T(-330

 

ALMEN SPECIMAN GAUGE

TYPE 2,

NO.

74155

WHEELABRATOR CORP.

 
   

415

BYRKIT STREET

 

MISHAWAHA,

INDIANA

 
 

ALMEN TEST STRIP

TYPE A,

NO.

74268

46544

PAGE 20

FIG.

APPENDIX

PEENING INTENSITY (ALMEN A MILS) (STJlNDARD ALMEN STRIP HOLDER) 1 - CORRELATION BETWEEN 3M ROTa PEEN AND STANDARD ALMEN STRIP HOLDER

30

28

(.7nm)

26

24

(.6nm)

22

20

(.5nm)

18

16

(.4nm)

14

12 (.3nm)

10

8 (.2nm)

6

4 (.lnm)

2

o

PAGE 21

12 (.3nm) 10 8 (.2nm) 6 4 (.lnm) 2 o PAGE 21 7000 4000 RPM -
12 (.3nm) 10 8 (.2nm) 6 4 (.lnm) 2 o PAGE 21 7000 4000 RPM -

7000

4000

RPM -

A&B

RPM

-

c

RPM -

A&B

RPM

-

C

RPM

-

A&B

RPM -

C

RPM

-

A&B

RPM

-

C

RPM

-

A&B

RPM

-

C

~:: :

6000

3500

5000

3000

4000

2500

RPM - C ~:: : 6000 3500 5000 3000 4000 2500 3000 2000 012345678 PEENING TIME

3000

2000

RPM - C ~:: : 6000 3500 5000 3000 4000 2500 3000 2000 012345678 PEENING TIME

012345678

PEENING TIME

(MIN)

= 9/16 1 Xl"

9116

1

A

(14.3 X 25nm) FlAP ASSEMBLY

B =

Xl-l/4"

(14.3 X 31.8rnm) FlAP ASSEMBLY

C = 11X2" (25

X 50rnm) FLAP ASSEMBLY

PAGE 22

FIG.

3

-

PAGE 22 FIG. 3 - MIlX. 3132" (2. 4mrn) J_ T FUIP DEFLECTION RANGE FOR 9/16"

MIlX.

3132" (2. 4mrn)

J_

T

FUIP DEFLECTION RANGE FOR 9/16" X 1"

MIlX.

-L _

3/16"

-T

(4.8nrn)

f

:J

MIN.

C14.3mrn X 25)

-L _ 3/16" -T (4.8nrn) f :J M I N . C14.3mrn X 25) MIN. ----

MIN.

----

FUIP ASSEMBLY

,)

FIG.

4

-

FUIP DEFLECTION RANGE FOR 9/16"

X 1-114"

C14.3mrn X 31.8)

FUIP ASSEMBLY

+ 5/16" C7. 9mrn)
+
5/16"
C7. 9mrn)
 

MlIX.

MIN.

FIG.

5

-

FUIP DEFLECTION RANGE FOR 1" X 2"

(25mrn X 50)

FLAP ASSEMBLY

PAGE 23

PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING SPEED OF 3M BRAND ROTO PEEN

9/16" X 1-114"

(14.3 X 31.8mn) FLAP ASSEMBLY WHEN -

IN.

1-1/4 IN.

(19mm -

USED IN HOLES FROM 3/4

31.~) DIA.

1. USING ROTO PEEN ALMEN STRIP HOLDER PEENING INTENSITY}

DETERMINE TOOL

SPEED (SI)

DIAMETER BY REFERRING TO FIG.

FOR FLAT SURFACES AND HOLES LARGER THftN 1-1/4 IN.

2.

Ol.8mn)

2. DETERMINE EFFECTIVE FLAP RADIUS

3. CALCULATE REQUIRED TOOL SPEED (S2)

(R 2 )

BY REFERRING TO FIG.

6 BELOW.

IN.

FOR HOLE SIZES BETWEEN 3/4

(19mm)

.-<

'"

~j

• r--

.:t.

'-<0

v

X

3-.

'-.0

z

I

v

~

xo

• r-- .:t. '-<0 v X 3-. ' - . 0 z I v ~ xo

AND 1-1/4

IN.

01. Smn) BY USING THE FOLLOWING EQUATION:

20

18

16

14

12

S2 = (S 1) C18/32)/R 2

FOLLOWING EQUATION: 20 18 16 14 12 S2 = (S 1) C18/32)/R 2 10 +--~!f 8
FOLLOWING EQUATION: 20 18 16 14 12 S2 = (S 1) C18/32)/R 2 10 +--~!f 8

10 +--~!f

8

6

4

2

o+-+--+--I----+-+-+-t--t--t--+-+----i

2 10 +--~!f 8 6 4 2 o+-+--+--I----+-+-+-t--t--t--+-+----i 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

HOLE RADIUS -

1/32

IN.

OR (NO.

X O.78rmi>

FIG.

6

-

CORRELATION BETWEEN EFFECTIVE 9/16" X 1-1/4" C14.3 X 31.8nm) ,FLAP ASSEMBLY RADIUS AND HOLE RADIUS.

PAGE 24

PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING SPEED OF 3M BRAND ROTO PEEN 9/16" X 1" 04.3 X 25nrn) FlAP ASSEMBLY WHEN USED -

IN HOLES FROM 1/2

IN.

1-1/16 IN.(12.7nrn -

2nnm) DIA.

1. USING ROTO PEEN ALMEN STRIP HOLDER PEENING INTENSITY,

DETERMINE TOOL

SPEED (Sl)

FOR FLAT SURFACES AND HOLES LARGER THAN 1-1/16

IN.

(2nnm)

,DIAMETER BY REFERRING TO FIG.

2.

2. DETERMINE EFFECTIVE FlAP

3. CALCULATE REQUIRED TOOL SPEED (S2)

RADIUS (R 2 )

BY REFERRING TO FIG.

7 BELOW.

IN.

FOR HOLE SIZES BETWEEN 1/2

AND 1-1/16

IN.

(27nrn) BY USING THE FOLLOWING EQUATION:

(12.nnm)

>- 20 J ~ UJ U1 18 ~ S 16 u A 14 ~'"' .~
>-
20
J
~
UJ
U1
18
~
S
16
u
A
14
~'"'
.~
'"
·
12
xC)
",X
.
·
10
.:to
z
'-''-'
8
-
0::
""0
x
u,'-<
6

.-<

,

"',''''

C'J

I

~

.-<

~~

UJ.-<

~~

4

2

0

S2

= (Sl)

(15/32)/R 2

I ~ .-< ~~ UJ.-< ~~ 4 2 0 S2 = (Sl) (15/32)/R 2 -+---+---J +--+--+--t---l~-+---t--+-

-+---+---J +--+--+--t---l~-+---t--+-

FIG.

6

7

8

9

HOLE RADIUS

-

1011

1/32 IN.

1213141516171.8

OR (NO.

X O.7Smm)

7 - CORRELATION BETWEEN EFFECTIVE 9/16" X I" (14.3 X 31.Smm) FLAP ASSEMBLY RADIUS AND HOLE RADIUS

SUGGESTED PRODUCT APPLICATIONS:

STRESS CONTROL

LANDTNG GEAR ASSEMBLIES WING STRUCTURES HELICOPTER ROTOR HUB ASSEMBLIES JET ENGINE SUPPORT MEMBERS MANUFACTURING REPAIR PEENING AFTER GRINDING PEENING BEFORE PLATING

CORROSION CONTROL

PAGE 25

PEENING OF SURFACES SUBJECT TO STRESS CORROSION

MI SCELLANEOUS

PEEN STRAIGHTENING PEEN FORMING BOND TESTING

AU slatements, le<:hnicallnformatlon and recommendations contained herein are based on tests we believe to be reliable, but the accuracy or compretene" thereofls not guaranteed, ana the following Is made in lieu of all warrantles expressed or Implled: Sellers and manufacturers only ob!lgatlOf'l shall be 10 replace such quantity althe product proved 10 be defectlve. Neither seller nor manufacturer shall be liable for any injury, loss or damage. dIrect or conSe<luenllal, arising oul of the usa of or Inability to use the pro- duct. Before uSing. :.;5el snail determine the SUitability althe product for hiS own intended use and user assumes all risks and liability Whatsoever In connecllon thereWIth.

i'lo statement or fEiCcmmenoatlOn r,o! CCfll8,neo nerern snail have an,' lorce Qf elleet unless In an agreemen! srgr.eo oy ollicers Of seller and manufacturer.