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Advantage

Processing

of

Digital

Over

Analog

Signal

Digital
signal
advantages:

processing

has

following

1. The main advantage of digital signals over


analog signals is that the precise signal level of
the digital signal is not vital. This means that
digital signals are fairly immune to the
imperfections of real electronic systems which
tend to spoil analog signals. As a result, digital
CD's are much more robust than analog LP's.

1. Digital signal processing operations can be


changed by changing the program in digital
programmable system, i.e., these is flexible
systems.

2. Codes are often used in the transmission of


information. These codes can be used either as a
means of keeping the information secret or as a
means of breaking the information into pieces
that are manageable by the technology used to
transmit the code, e.g. The letters and numbers
to be sent by a Morse code are coded into dots
and dashes.

3. Digital signals are easily stored on magnetic


media such as magnetic tape without loss of
quality of reproduction of signal.

2. Better control of accuracy in digital systems


compared to analog systems.

4. Digital signals can be processed off line, i.e.,


these are easily transported.
5. Sophisticated signal processing algorithms can
be implemented by DSP method.

3. Digital signals can convey information with


greater
noise
immunity,
because
each
information component (byte etc) is determined
by the presence or absence of a data bit (0 or
one). Analog signals vary continuously and their
value is affected by all levels of noise.

6. Digital circuits are less sensitive to tolerances


of component values.
7.
Digital
systems
temperature,
ageing
parameters.

4. Digital signals can be processed by digital


circuit components, which are cheap and easily
produced in many components on a single chip.
Again,
noise
propagation
through
the
demodulation system is minimized with digital
techniques.

9. Cost of processing per signal in DSP is reduced


by time-sharing of given processor among a
number of signals.
10. Processor characteristics during processing,
as in adaptive filters can be easily adjusted in
digital implementation.
11. Digital system can be cascaded without any
loading problems.

6. Digital signals typically use less bandwidth.


This is just another way to say you can cram
more information (audio, video) into the same
space.

8. Enables transmission of signals over a long


distance.
9. Transmission is at a higher rate and with a
wider broadband width.

10. It is more secure.

11. It is also easier to translate human audio and


video signals and other messages into machine
language.

12. There is minimal electromagnetic interference


in digital technology.
13. It enables
simultaneously.

multi-directional

transmission

independent
of
other
external

8. Digital circuits can be reproduced easily in


large quantities at comparatively lower cost.

5. Digital signals do not get corrupted by noise


etc. You are sending a series of numbers that
represent the signal of interest (i.e. audio, video
etc.)

7. Digital can be encrypted so that only the


intended receiver can decode it (like pay per view
video, secure telephone etc.)

are
and

+ Linear and nonlinear math operations work


over a wide dynamic range
of signal, 2^31 to 2^-31 for standard floating
point. Also a suite of
operations, like cos(), atan(), sqrt(), log() are
available.
+ Higher order filters can be implemented with a
relatively low
incremental cost. Additional memory and
computations only.
+ Filter design techniques provide a relatively
high degree of freedom in
spectral shaping, as in the Frequency Sampling
method, for example.
+ No tuning of analog components (R,L,C)
during production or during
maintenance.
+ Good version control. Burn filter coefficients
into memory and these
will never change from one unit to the next.

+ Software-based implementations require no


custom hardware - just
use standard signal I/O boards and write custom
software.

+ Small and rugged implementation


mixed-type VLSI, combining
both DSP and analog I/O on a single chip.
+ Adaptive filters become practical.
+ Data compression becomes practical.

using