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Page 3 - Advice for answering part E questions

Page 4 - Wealth and Poverty Notes

Page 5 - Wealth and Poverty mindmap and


practice C, D and E questions

Page 6 - Medical Ethics Notes

Page 7 - Medical Ethics mindmap and practice C,


D and E questions

Page 8 - Key words for section A

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This is a very important part of the exam—it is worth half of the marks!
Follow this formula to make sure that you well in any part E question.

First view, clearly written Where does this view come


from?
Are there examples that help to
back this up?

Second, different view, clearly Where does this view come


written from?
Are there examples that help to
back this up?

Christian view clearly written Where does this view come


from?
Does the Bible say anything
about this?
Are there examples that help to
back this up?

Your own view, clearly written What makes you think this?
Are you drawing on earlier ideas
(state which ones)?
Are there examples to help back
this up?

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Wealth and Poverty
The Bible says…

 “Love your neighbour as yourself”

 “Blessed are the poor - for the Kingdom of


heaven is yours”

 “It
is easier for a rich man to enter the
Kingdom of God than it is for a camel to
pass through the eye of a needle”

 The parable of the Good Samaritan shows


that we should help
everyone

Causes of Poverty
 Natural causes include famine, drought, earthquakes etc.
 Human causes include war, corrupt governments, unfair trade

Concern for the Poor


Jesus spent most time with those people on the edges of society (helping the
disabled, ill and poor) so Christians might try to do the same. Mother Teresa,
Salvation Army and Christian Aid are all examples of people and groups who
have tried to do this

Giving to Charity
This can happen in lots of different ways—not all of them involved money
 Tithe—10% of income into church collection
 Donate money (emergency appeals, tins)
 Donate clothes and objects to shops
 Volunteering with a local group
 Working with an organisation like Christian Aid
 Remember the widow who only put in a penny in the collection whilst other
put in more? - Jesus was pleased with her as she gave all she had

Moral and Immoral Occupations


Most Christians will choose to earn money in ways that keep the 10
commandments, i.e. not killing, stealing or
lying.
SCS that they should earn money in ways that help people e.g. nurse, police,
shop assistant, beautician
SCS earning money is not important and dedicate their lives to charity work
or become missionaries or live their lives as monks or nuns

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Previous questions for ‘Wealth and Poverty’

2008
C) Describe Christian beliefs about the right use of money
D) Explain why Christians might help the poor
E) Poverty is caused by God’ - Do you agree?
2007
C) Describe Christian teaching about the treatment of the poor and needy
D) Explain why Christians might think that some charities are more important than
others
E) ‘Gambling is always wrong’ - Do you agree?

2006
C) Describe Christian teachings about moral and immoral occupations
D) Explain Christian attitudes towards the use of money
E) ‘It is better to be poor than to ignore religious teachings’ - Do you agree?

2005
C) Describe Christian teachings about the use of money
D) Explain how Christian beliefs might affect a person’s choice of career
E) ‘It does not matter how you get you money, as long as you look after your family’ -
Do you agree?
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Medical Ethics

Sanctity of Life = Life is sacred and special given


by God and must be preserved.

SCS = Some Christians say...

Remember—many of these issues are mod-


ern problems that were not around when Jesus
was alive. Christians have to look at what it says
in the Bible and PREDICT what Jesus would say
or do. This is why there are lots of different
views about them in Christianity.

Abortion
SCS life starts when the sperm meets the egg so abortion is a sin
(Roman Catholics think this)
SCS that life begins when the soul enters the body at about 20 weeks so
abortion after this is wrong.
SCS that in some circumstances it may be the more loving thing to do
to prevent suffering. (Love your neighbour)
SCS that if a mother’s life is in danger abortion should be allowed.

Fertility treatment
SCS that you shouldn't interfere with human life so fertility treatment is
wrong. (Roman Catholics)
SCS that if it is the loving thing to do then it can be justified.
SCS it is wrong to discard unwanted foetuses as this is murder.

Euthanasia
 Passive euthanasia is when you turn off a life support machine
and a person dies from their injuries.
 Active euthanasia is when you kill someone tom end their
suffering eg. with a lethal injection.
SCS that euthanasia is wrong that God has a plan for every life it is sa-
cred.
SCS that it is sometimes the most loving thing to do so is acceptable.
(Love your neighbour)

Medical research on animals


SCS that animals are God’s creation so we should treat them with re-
spect
SCS that animals have no soul so we can do what we like with them
SCS that people are more important than animals so we can experi-
ment on them but perhaps not for shampoo and makeup.

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Previous questions for ‘Medical Ethics’

2008
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards the use of animals in medical research
B) Explain Christian beliefs about abortion
C) ‘The use of fertility treatment is wrong because it interferes with God’s plan’ -
Do you agree?

2007
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards fertility treatment
B) Explain why Christians might have different views about abortion
C) ‘Every unborn baby has the right to live’ - Do you agree?

2006
A) Describe Christian teachings about euthanasia
B) Explain why different Christians might have different views about euthanasia
C) ‘People in great pain should be allowed to die if they want to’ - Do you agree?

2005
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards fertility treatment
B) Explain Christian attitudes to the use of animals in medical research
C) ‘Every woman has the right to have a baby’ - Do you agree?

2004
A) Describe Christian teaching about euthanasia
B) Explain why Christians might be opposed 7 to suicide
C) ‘All life is worth living’ - Do you agree?
Key Term Definition
Charity To give help or money to people in need

Compassion Sympathy and concern for others

Forgiveness To forgive (stop feeling angry towards) someone


who has caused you hurt

Immoral Not conforming to accepted standards of


behaviour
Live in poverty To be extremely poor

Occupation The work or job that a person does

Tithe Christian act of giving 10% of income to charity

Key Term Definition


Abortion The deliberate ending of a human pregnancy

AID Artificial Insemination by Donor—sperm form a donor


is used in fertility treatment
AIH Artificial Insemination by Husband—sperm from the
husband is used in fertility
treatment
Cloning Making identical copies of a living creature using its
DNA
Euthanasia Killing a patient suffering from an incurable disease
or who does not want to live anymore but cannot kill
themselves—Illegal in most countries
Fertility Treatment Scientific methods of helping a couple to have a baby

IVF In Vitro Fertilisation—egg and sperm are fertilised in


a lab the implanted into the womb
Suicide Killing oneself

Sacred Holy or special—comes from God

Sanctity To be holy or sacred—to come from God

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