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Ch6SkeletonPracticeTestKey

1.ThefunctionsoftheskeletalsystemincludeallofthefollowingEXCEPT:

a.supportandprotection
b.movementandleverage
C.transportofmaterialsviaitsfluidmatrix
d.bloodcellproduction
e.storageofminerals

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#1
Type:Knowledge

2.Theskeletalsystemhelpsmaintainhomeostasisby

a.actingasacalciumbufferandstoragesite.
b.actingasaphosphatebufferandstoragesite.
c.actingasanenergybufferandstoragesite.
d.actingasabloodcellproductionsite.
E.Alloftheseaidinmaintaininghomeostasis.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#3
Type:Comprehension

3.Bonesareatypeof

a.cartilage.
b.epithelialtissue.
c.muscletissue.
D.connectivetissue.
e.multicellularmembrane.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#5
Type:Knowledge

4.Theextracellularmatrixoftendonsandligamentsismadeupof

A.primarilycollagenfibers.
b.collagenandminerals.
c.collagenandproteoglycan
d.osteocytes.
e.chondrocytes.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#8
Type:Knowledge

5.Duringgrowthofalongbone,thesiteofgrowthinlengthisthe

a.medullarycavity.
b.marrow.
C.epiphysealplate.
d.endosteum.
e.periosteum.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#9
Type:Knowledge

6.Compactboneconsistsofcellscalledosteocyteslocatedwithinspacesinthematrixcalled

a.lamellae.
b.haversiancanals.
c.canaliculi.
D.lacunae.
e.medullarycavities.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#12
Type:Knowledge

7.Incompactbone,ahaversiancanal,withthelamellaeandosteocytessurroundingitarecalled

a.lacunae.
B.osteon.
c.canaliculi.
d.cancellousbone.
e.medullarycavities.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#13
Type:Knowledge

8.Theperiosteum

a.containsbloodvesselsandnerves.
b.containsosteoblasts.
c.iscomposedofdenseconnectivetissue.
d.coverstheoutersurfaceofbones.
E.Allofthesearecorrect.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#17
Type:Knowledge

9.Whichofthefollowingpathwayscorrectlyfollowstheflowofnutrientsneededbythe
osteocytesincompactbone?

a.Osteocyteslucanebloodvesselsincentralcanalsdiffusionthroughthecanaliculi
bloodvesselsinperiosteum&endosteumgeneralcirculation
b.Osteocyteslucanediffusionthroughthecanaliculibloodvesselsincentralcanals
bloodvesselsinperiosteum&endosteumgeneralcirculation
c.Bloodvesselsincentralcanalsbloodvesselsinperiosteum&endosteumdiffusion
throughthecanaliculilucaneosteocyte
D.Bloodvesselsinperiosteum&endosteumbloodvesselsincentralcanalsdiffusion
throughthecanaliculilucaneosteocyte
e.Bloodvesselsinperiosteumdirectdiffusionthroughthehard,ossifiedmatrixosteocyte

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#19
Type:Knowledge

10.After_____(boneformingcells)becomecompletelysurroundedbybonematrix,theyare
called_____(maturebonecells).

a.osteocytes,osteoblasts
b.osteoblasts,osteoclasts
c.osteoclasts,osteoblasts
D.osteoblasts,osteocytes
e.osteocytes,osteoclasts

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#21
Type:Knowledge

11.Whichofthefollowingboneswerelikelyproducedthroughendochondralossification?

A.femur
b.frontal
c.parietal
d.temporal
e.Noneoftheseboneswereformedthroughendochondralossification.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#25
Type:Knowledge

12.Thetwobonesoftheskullinwhichteetharelocatedarethe

A.maxillaandmandible.
b.zygomaticandmandible.
c.maxillaandzygomatic.
d.maxillaandfrontal.
e.frontalandmandible.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#29
Type:Knowledge

13.Whichtwobonescontributetothenasalseptum?

a.vomerandmaxilla
b.vomerandsphenoid
c.maxillaryandpalatine
D.vomerandethmoid
e.ethmoidandsphenoid

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#31
Type:Knowledge

14.Thepalate

a.separatesthenasalcavityfromthemouth.
b.consistsofahardpalateandasoftpalate.
c.isapointofattachmentfortonguemuscles.
d.isformedbythepalatineandsphenoidbones.
E.bothseparatesthenasalcavityfromthemouthandconsistsofahardpalateandasoftpalate.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#34
Type:Knowledge

15.WhichofthesevertebraeisNOTcorrectlymatchedwiththeiridentifyingcharacteristics?

a.thoracicvertebraearticularfacetsforribs
B.lumbarvertebraetransverseforaminaintransverseprocesses
c.atlasarticulateswithoccipitalcondyles
d.axisallowslateralmotionasinshakingone'shead"no"
e.sacrumhassacralhiatusandsacralpromontory

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#37
Type:Comprehension

16.Giventhesestructures:
1)body
2)jugularnotch
3)manubrium
4)xiphoidprocess
Arrangethestructuresinthecorrectorderfromsuperiortoinferiorastheyoccurinthesternum.

a.1,2,3,4
b.1,3,2,4
c.2,1,3,4
D.2,3,1,4
e.3,1,2,4

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#40
Type:Comprehension

17.Fibrousjointsbetweenthebonesoftheskullarecalled

A.sutures.
b.synovialjoints.
c.gomphoses.
d.cartilaginousjoints.
e.syndesmoses

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#48
Type:Knowledge

18.Whichofthesestatementsaboutsynovialjointsiscorrect?

a.Articularcartilagecoversarticularsurfacesofbones.
b.Synovialjointscontainsynovialfluid.
c.Thesynovialmembranemayextendasapocketorsac,calledabursa.
d.Thejointcavityisenclosedbyajointcapsule.
E.Allofthestatementsarecorrect.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#49
Type:Knowledge

19.Youturnthedoorknobclockwisewithyourrighthandtoopenthedoor.Themovementyour
handmakeswouldbecalled

a.extension.
b.flexion.
c.adduction
d.pronation.
E.supination.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#51
Type:Application

20.Whichofthesebonestouchesalloftheothers?

a.frontal
b.temporal
C.sphenoid
d.parietal
e.maxillary

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#52
Type:Comprehension

21.JohnFlashbackwasrunningdownfieldwiththefootball.Ashetriedtoavoidatackle,he
steppedinaholeandhisfootwastwistedunderhimwithgreatforce.TheXrayshowsa
"brokenankle".Thestructurethatismostlikelybrokenisthe

a.calcaneusbone.
b.thepatella.
c.aboneinthesecondmetatarsal.
D.thelateralmalleolusofthefibula.
e.theheadofthefibula.

Difficulty:Moderate
Seeley006Skeletal...#56
Type:Application

22.Vertebraearebestclassifiedas

a.longbones.
b.shortbones.
c.flatbones.
D.irregularbones.

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#60
Type:Comprehension

23.A__________isatermdescribingaholefoundinbone.

a.canalormeatus
b.fissure
c.fossa
d.sinus
E.foramen

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#67
Type:Knowledge

24.Thereare_______bonesinthehumanbody.

a.200
B.206
c.400
d.412
e.602

Difficulty:Easy
Seeley006Skeletal...#83
Type:Knowledge

25.Thecellsthatactivelybreakdownosseoustissueare

a.osteoblasts
B.osteoclasts
c.osteoprogenitorcells
d.osteocytes