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Flow Assurance Workshop Introduction  To satisfy the world’s ever increasing demand for energy, Oil

Flow Assurance Workshop

Introduction

To satisfy the world’s ever increasing demand for energy, Oil and Gas companies continue to develop and extract reserves in more and more hostile environments from deep water to the Arctic;

As conventional oil reserves decline, companies are developing unconventional fields with complex fluid properties;

All these factors mean that flow assurance plays an increasingly important role in the oil and gas industry and employers are frequently seeking skilled engineers in this field;

This one-week introductory course covers all aspect of flow assurance for the oil and gas industry, but with relevance to all industries with fluid flow related issues such as nuclear and process industries.

Objectives

On successful completion of the module, the participants will be able to:-

Gain a systematic understanding of the concept of flow assurance;

Apply competently the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer to analyse typical flow assurance systems; and

Design for basic flow assurance and operability

Outline

Day One

Introduction to Flow Assurance

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The flow assurance environment

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Multiphase pipeline hydraulics

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Production chemistry issues

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Engineering the future

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow

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Definitions

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Flow Pattern prediction

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Pipeline sizing (1), maximum and minimum velocity constraints

Phase Behaviour & Physical Properties

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Compositional models, equations of state and phase diagrams

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Black oil models, definition of properties

Class Exercise

o Flow pattern and holdup determination

Day Two

Day Two  Introduction to Production Chemistry o Properties of oil and condensate reservoir fluids o

Introduction to Production Chemistry

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Properties of oil and condensate reservoir fluids

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Fluid Sampling

Oil & Gas Pipeline Design

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Pipeline sizing (2)

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Thermal management

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Design for wax

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Design for hydrates

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High viscosity issues

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Solids transport

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Pigging

Slugging Flows (1)

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Hydrodynamic slugging description and modelling

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CFD comparisons with hydrodynamic slug flow data

Slugging Flows (2)

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Terrain induced slug flow

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Severe slugging

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Forces due to slugging

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Piping layout

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Slug catcher design

Day Three

Hydrates and Wax

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Description of hydrates and consequences of formation

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Hydrate control methods

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Testing for hydrates

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Description of wax and consequences of deposition

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Rheology of waxes

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Pipeline cool down and gel re-start

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Testing for waxes

Scale, Asphaltines and Naphtenates

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Scale types, testing and scale management

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Occurrence of Asphaltines, laboratory testing and prediction

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Properties of naphtenates and mitigation

Gas/Condensate Pipeline Design

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Pipeline sizing

o

Liquid inventory management

o

Influence of water

Case Study

o Deepwater Oil & Gas Production System

Thermal management

Operating procedures

Hydrate remediation

Day Four

System Analysis & PipeSim Software

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Components of pressure loss

o

System design

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Optimisation

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PipeSim software capabilities

Maximus Software

o Description of Maximus software o Building a model in Maximus o Case studies 

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Description of Maximus software

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Building a model in Maximus

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Case studies

Transient Flows

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Occurrence of transient flows

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Examples of ramp-ups, severe slugging, pigging, blowdown and cooldowns/warm-up

Class Exercise

o Flowrate ramp-up

o Determine theoretical ramp-up surge

o Slug catcher sizing

Day Five

OLGA Software

o

Modelling in OLGA

o

Case studies

Separation Systems

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Introduction

o

Crude oil dehydration & emulsions

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Gas/liquid separation & foams

o

Hardware

o

Chemical aids

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Modelling

Subsea Separation, Boosting & Metering

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Managing system energy

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Multiphase pump types

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Experience with multiphase boosting

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Description of subsea separation technologies

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Experience with subsea separation

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Multiphase Metering

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Why we measure production rates

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Advantages of multiphase metering

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The technical challenges

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The terms and definitions

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The technology status

Subsea Production Equipment

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Why choose subsea systems?

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What is a subsea system

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Designing a subsea system

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Subsea wells

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Manifolds and tie-ins

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Flowlines and risers

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Maintenance. Intervention and abandonment

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New technologies and the future