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Virtues of Sayyedah

Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

Minhaj-ul-Quran Publications
Lah ore, Pakistan

I
Copyr ight © 2005 by Minh aj- ul-Quran Intern ationa l,
L ahore, Pak istan . All r ights re serve d. No pa rt of this book
may be use d or rep ro duce d in any manner wh atsoev er
witho ut pr ior p erm ission, exc ept in ca se of brief
quotation s e m bo die d in cr itica l artic le s an d rev ie ws.

I SBN 969-32 -0225-2

P re se nte d by:
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366-M , Mo del T o wn, Lahor e, 54700, Pakistan.
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Contents
i The Author 9
ii Introduction 11
iii General Note 13
1 The Family of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the Ahl-ul- 15
bait (People of the House)
2 The Family of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬are ‘the 17
People of Kisaa’
3 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the leader of all women 19
4 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the leader of women in 22
Paradise
5 Allah ( ) has forbidden Hell Fire for Fatimah 25
( !"$& '‫*م ا‬+) and her family
6 The mother of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the best of 27
all women
7 “Fatimah! My mother and father be sacrificed for 29
you”
8 Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬, a part of the Prophet (A) 30
9 The Holy Prophet (A) used to stand up for 32
Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
10 The Holy Prophet (A) laid out his cloak for 34
Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
vi Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

11 The journey of the Holy Prophet (A) started 35


and ended at the house of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
12 Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬: the centre of love for the 37
Holy Prophet (A) on earth
13 Nobody’s habits resembled more to the Holy 41
Prophet (A)
14 The pleasure of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the 44
pleasure of the Holy Prophet (A)
15 Whoever angers Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬angers the 46
M essenger of Allah (A)
16 The pleasure of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the 47
pleasure of Allah ( )
17 Whoever hurts Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬hurts the 48
Holy Prophet (A)
18 The enemy of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the enemy 50
of the Holy Prophet (A)
19 The enemy of the family of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 52
is a hypocrite, cursed and bound for Hell
20 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬beholder of the secret of the 55
M essenger of Allah (A)
21 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the fruitful branch of the 59
tree of Prophethood
22 The Prophet (A) himself is a witness to the 60
chastity and honour of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
23 Allah ( ) ordained the marriage of Fatimah 61
(‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬to Ali (!)
Contents vii

24 Fatimah’s (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬marriage ceremony at the 62


Upper Heavens with the participation of forty
thousand angels
25 Prayers of the Holy Prophet (A) for Fatimah 64
(‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬and her descendants
26 Ali (!) was not allowed to marry again during 66
the lifetime of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
27 Fatimah’s sons the inheritors of the attributes of 68
the Prophet (A)
28 The children of Fatimah ( ‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬are the 69
children of the Prophet (A)
29 On the Day of Judgement all family ties will be 71
broken except for those of Fatimah ( !"$& '‫*م ا‬+)
30 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬will be the first to meet the 73
Holy Prophet (A) after his passing away
31 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬was aware of her own death 76
32 On Judgement Day, everyone will lower their 77
gaze on the arrival of Fatimah
33 Fatimah will cross the Bridge accompanied with 80
seventy thousand Hurs
34 On Judgement Day Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬will sit 82
in the carriage of the Holy Prophet (A)
35 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the handle of the scale 84
36 Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬and her family will be the 85
first to enter Paradise with the Holy Prophet
(A)
viii Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

37 On the Day of Judgement Fatimah’s (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 87


residence will be a white dome under the Throne
of Allah ( )
38 The ‘Holy Five’ and their lovers will be together 88
on the Day of Judgement
39 Ayeshah (‫)ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬: Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the 89
most superior personality after the Prophet (A)
40 Umar bin Khattab (!): After the M essenger of 90
Allah (A) Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the most
beloved personality
G loss ary 91
Bibliography 97
Index 109
The Author
DR . MUHA MMA D TA HIR - UL -Q ADRI is in nee d of no
introduction to those a ffiliate d to the m any f ie lds, wh ich
he ha s ma stere d dur in g a sma ll pe rio d of t ime. He is the
fo un din g le a der of M inha j- ul- Quran Intern ationa l ( MQ I),
wh ich exists in over 80 co untrie s of the world. Its ma in
a im s ar e work in g for glo ba l pe ac e an d h um an right s,
r eviv in g I slamic v alue s, t each in gs an d tr a dit ions an d
st riv in g for th e un ity of the Umm ah thro ugh a soc ia l,
e ducation al an d spirit ua l struggle .

As Dr . T ahir - ul- Qa dr i is pr e sentin g the tr ue pe acef ul


me ssa ge of I slam p ure from innov ation s a dde d into it an d
interna l an d exte rna l po litica l influenc es, h is work,
me ssa ge an d call are a ccepte d with open arm s. T h e ma in
r ea sons be in g that he ha s portray e d I slam a s a tr uly
mo de rate f aith in its or igina l form, f ree from any form of
extre mism, f anaticism an d terror ism. As p art of his v ast
st r uggle for e qua lity, e quity an d e qual h uman r ights for
a ll, h e ha s wr itten over th ree h un dre d book s on a ll kin ds
of mo dern , r eligio us, spirit ua l an d se c ular issue s in
En glish, Ur du an d Ara bic.

Dr. T ahir- ul-Qa dri is a cc epte d as one of the high est


a uthor itie s in the wor ld on I slam, I slam an d the We st,
I slam an d Sc ien ce an d many other subject s, wh ich is why
he ha s de live re d over 5000 lect ur es in inte rnationa l
con feren ce s, un iver sitie s an d in stit ution s a ll ov er the

9
10 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

wo rld on all type s of issue s which ar e ava ila ble on D VD s,


Video /Audio ca ssettes an d VCD s.

Altho ugh he is a scholar an d a re ligio us lea de r for whom


there is no match, his e duc ationa l an d so cial effo rts h ave
a lso pen etrate d soc iety.

Un like any othe r re ligio us per sona lity, Dr. T ahir- ul- Qa dr i
an d h is m ission h ave attracte d people from v ary in g se cts
an d re ligions. He an d h is o r gan isation ar e the sole hope
for inter- sect an d interf aith pe ace , ha rmony an d un ity.

In a gro win g intern ationa l atmosph ere of anti- Islam ism,


po litica l conf licts bet we en We stern an d M uslim co untrie s
an d the distanc e bet ween the We st an d I slam seem in g to
be inc rea sin g, Dr. T ahir - ul- Qa dr i is the one m an who can
br idge the gap bet we en the We st an d I slam. Not only can
he solve th e pro blem s o f the M uslim wo rld but in do in g so
he will a lso solv e the pro blem s f ac e d by We stern nation s.

T he entir e in come of Dr. M uh amma d T ahir- ul-Qa dri’ s


book s, re cor de d a udio/v ideo ca ssette s an d CD s of his
lect ure s/a ddr esses, is donate d on his beha lf to Minh aj- ul-
Quran Inte rnationa l ( MQI) .

Minh aj-ul-Qu ran In te rnation al (MQ I):


3 6 5-M, M odel Town, Lahore, P akist an
P ho n e: 0092 42 5169111-3 F ax: 0092 42 5168184
www.m inhaj.org Em ail : t ehreek@minhaj. org

D r. Tahi r-ul-Qadri:
Em ail : qadri@minhaj. org
1

Introduction
In this day and age M uslims are fully inundated upon
the biographies of celebrities , sports st ars and actors
yet do t hey have the s ame amount of informat ion
about t he members of the Prophet ’s family,
companions and other import ant Is lamic
personalit ies ? T he s ad fact is that M us lims,
particularly in t he West, are unfamiliar w ith even the
names of s uch great people let alone have a det ailed
account of t heir lives which t hey can us e as guides on
how to perfect their ow n life styles .

To p ut an end to t his alienation of import ant


personalit ies of Is lam, Shaykh-ul-Is lam D r.
M uhammad Tahir-ul-Q adri has compiled a s eries of
hadith books on t hem. This book is one of t hos e
collections of t radit ions.

The stat us of Sayyedah F at imah (‫) ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬, the


bles sed daught er of the Prophet M uhammad (A ), is
s o great t hat thos e who are oblivious to it are not only
doing injust ice to thems elves by depriving thems elves
from her t eachings but are als o unknowingly s how ing
disregard to t he P rophet (A).

At a time when M uslim w omen are flooded w ith s o-


called female role models , who rather t han
2

encouraging a modest and pure lifestyle, practice and


preach t he contrary, it is indeed t ime for M us lim
w omen to adopt the life style of Sayyedah F at imah
(‫ ) ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬w ho received divine prais e for her
morality.

P eople w ill be s hocked to learn of t he high esteem


w hich she w as held by t he P rophet (A) and how
divine commandments w ere revealed to the P rophet
(A ) which w ere sp ecifically regarding Sayyedah
F at imah (‫) ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬.

O ne of the main reas ons for t he dow nfall of the


M us lims over t he p ast cent uries is t hat t hey have
forgott en their true models and ideals inst ead
adopting bogus and imperfect ones. Shaykh-ul-Islam
D r. T ahir-ul-Qadri, in this book and many ot hers in
the s eries, has p res ent ed a cure for this cancer. The
choice is now ours w het her w e want t he t rue cure or
opt for artificial ones .
3

General Note
F or the eas e of common readers t he follow ing formula
has been us ed for Arabic words and names.

Various t rans lit erat ion symbols which are commonly


used have not been us ed in this book as not everyone
is familiar wit h exact ly what t hey st and for. F or a few
w ords where there has been no ot her w ay but t o us e
an apostrophe, it has been us ed s uch as Ka‘b and
M u‘adh.

Ot her than the omiss ion of translit erat ion symbols , all
ot her rules of t rans lit erat ion have been applied.

The A rabic form of names has been us ed rather t han


the European ones such as Ibrahim and not A braham.
1. The Family of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the
Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼـﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻨﺱ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺎﻝﻙ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.1
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻤﺭ ﺒﺒﺎﺏ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺴﺘﺔ ﺃﺸﻬﺭ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺨﺭﺝ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﻨﻜﹸﻡ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ ﹾﺫ ﻫ‬‫ ﺍﷲُ ﻝِﻴ‬‫ﺭﹺﻴﺩ‬‫ﺎ ﻴ‬‫ )ﺇِﻨﱠﻤ‬:‫ ﺍﻝﺼﻼﺓ! ﻴﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ‬:‫ ﻴﻘﻭل‬,‫ﺍﻝﻔﺠﺭ‬
.(‫ﺍ‬‫ ﹶﺘﻁﹾﻬﹺﻴﺭ‬‫ﻜﹸﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻁﹶﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺕ‬ ‫لَ ﺍﻝﹾﺒ‬‫ َﺃ ﻫ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻝﺭ‬
An s bin M alik ( ) narr ates that when the Holy Prophet
(A) use d to come o ut for Fa jr ( da wn) pray er, as he
pa sse d the door o f Fatimah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, h e use d to say, “ O
‘p eople of the ho use’ , perform yo ur pr ayer ” an d then he
use d to re cite the fo llo win g v er se from the Holy Quran :
“ Allah on ly de sir e s to ke ep a way (all kin ds of) imp urity
from yo u, O ‘peop le of the ho use’ ! (the Prophet’s f amily)
an d to tota lly p ur ify yo u,” [al-Ah zab 33:33] (he did this)
for six month s.1

No te:‘Ahl -ul -bait ’ li t erally means t he ‘peopl e of t he hous e’. In


t he cont ext of t he book i t m eans t he famil y of t h e Ho ly
P rophet M uhamm ad (A).
1 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:352#3206)
2 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (3: 259,285 )
3 . Ahmad bi n Hambal, Fadail -us-sahabah (2: 761#13 40,
1341)
4 . Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musnnaf (6:388#32272 )
5 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 360#29 53 )
6 . Abd bin Humaid, al -Musnad (p. 367#1223)
7 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:172#4748)
8 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:56#2671)
9 . B ukhari rel at ed i t from Abul Ham ra in al -Ku na (p.25#
205). In the t raditi on thi s routine of the P rop het (A)
was carri ed ou t for a peri od of ni ne m ont hs.
1 0. Abd bi n Hum ayd has rel at ed the s am e t radi tion from
B ukhari in al -Musnad (p.173# 475).
16 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﺭﹺﻴﺩ‬‫ﺎ ﻴ‬‫ )ﺇِﻨﱠﻤ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻝﺨﺩﺭﻱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻭﻝﻪ‬.2


‫ ﻓﻲ‬:‫ ﻨﺯﻝﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬:‫( ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫لَ ﺍﻝﹾﺒ‬‫ َﺃ ﻫ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ ﺍﻝﺭ‬‫ﻨﻜﹸﻡ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫﹾ ﻫ‬‫ ﻝِﻴ‬‫ﺍﻝﻠﱠﻪ‬
‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ‬
. ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬
Abu Sa ee d Kh udr i ( ) ha s sa id a bo ut the v er se, “ Allah
on ly de sir es to keep a way ( all kin ds of) imp urity from
yo u, O ‘peop le of the ho use’! …”, that it wa s rev ea le d in
hono ur o f the fo llo win g fiv e per son alitie s: th e M essen ger
of Allah (A), Ali ( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬, Fatimah ( ‫) ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬,
Ha san ( ) an d Husa in ( ) .2

2 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (3:380#3456)


2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-us -saghir (1:231#375)
3 . Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul -muhadditheen bi As bhan (3#
384)
4 . Khat eeb B aghdadi, T ar eekh Baghdad (10: 27 8)
5 . T abari, Jami-ul -bayan fi tafsi r al -Quran (22:6)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 17

2. The Family of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬are


‘the People of Kisaa’
: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺼﻔﻴﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺸﻴﺒﺔ‬.3
‫ﺨﺭﺝ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻏﺩﺍﺓ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻤﺭﻁ ﻤﺭﺤل ﻤﻥ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ ﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬, ‫ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺄﺩﺨﻠﻪ‬.‫ﺸﻌﺭ ﺃﺴﻭﺩ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ ﺠﺎ ﺀ‬,‫ﻓﺩﺨل ﻤﻌﻪ ﺜﻡ ﺠﺎﺀ ﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺄﺩﺨﻠﻬﺎ‬
َ‫ ل‬‫ َﺃ ﻫ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ ﺍﻝ ﺭ‬‫ﻨﻜﹸﻡ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫﹾ ﻫ‬‫ ﻝِﻴ‬‫ ﺍﻝﻠﱠ ﻪ‬‫ﺭﹺﻴ ﺩ‬‫ﺎ ﻴ‬‫ )ﺇِﻨﱠﻤ‬: ‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺄﺩﺨﻠﻪ‬
.(‫ﺍ‬‫ ﹶﺘﻁﹾﻬﹺﻴﺭ‬‫ﻜﹸ ﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻁﹶﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻝﹾﺒ‬
Sa f iyyah the da ughter of Sh ay bah n arrate s that Ay e shah
(‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬said, “ T he Ho ly Prophet (A) cam e o ut one
morn in g wear in g a c loak which ha d came l sa ddle s woven
on to it with bla ck woo l. T hen Ha san bin Ali ( ) c ame
an d th e Ho ly Prophet (A) took h im un de r the cloak , then
Husain ( ) c ame an d ente re d bene ath it with the Ho ly
Prophet (A). T hen Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬ca me an d the
Ho ly Prophet (A) took h er un der the clo ak. Next Ali
( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬ca me an d the Ho ly Prophet (A) also
include d h im ben eath it. T hen the Holy Prophet
M uh amma d (A) r ec ite d the ver se, ‘Allah on ly de sire s to
ke ep a way ( all k in ds o f) imp urity from yo u, O ‘p eople of
the ho use!’ (the Prophet’ s fam ily) an d to totally p ur ify
yo u,’ (al-Ah zab 33:33 ).”3

3 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1883#2424)


2. Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 370#36102 )
3. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 67 2#11 49)
4. Ibn R ahawayh, al -Mus nad (3: 678#1271)
5. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:159#4705)
6. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (2:149)
7. T abari, Jami-ul -bayan fi tafsi r al -Quran (22:6, 7)
8. B aghawi, Maali m-ut -tanz il (3: 529)
9. Ibn Kathir, T af sir -ul -Qur an al -azi m (3: 485)
1 0. S uyuti, ad-Durr -ul-mant hur fi t-tafsi r-bil -math ur (6:605 )
18 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﺭﺒﻴﺏ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬.4


‫ﺎ‬‫ )ﺇِﻨﱠﻤ‬:‫ ﻝﻤﺎ ﻨﺯﻝﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻵﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬:‫ﻗﺎل‬
‫ﺍ ( ﻓﻲ‬‫ ﹶﺘﻁﹾﻬﹺﻴﺭ‬‫ﻜﹸ ﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻁﹶﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫لَ ﺍﻝﹾﺒ‬‫ َﺃ ﻫ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ ﺍﻝﺭ‬‫ﻨﻜﹸﻡ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫﹾ ﻫ‬‫ ﻝِﻴ‬‫ ﺍﻝﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺭﹺﻴﺩ‬‫ﻴ‬
‫ ﻓﺩﻋﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺤﺴﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺤﺴﻴﻨﺎ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬,‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﺃﻡ ﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬
! ‫ ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻡ‬: ‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ﻓﺠﻠﻠﻬﻡ ﺒﻜﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﻋﻠﻲ ﺨﻠﻑ ﻅﻬﺭﻩ ﻓﺠﻠﻠﻪ ﺒﻜﺴﺎﺀ‬
. ‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺃﻫل ﺒﻴﺘﻲ ﻓﺄﺫﻫﺏ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺱ ﻭﻁﻬﺭﻫﻡ ﺘﻁﻬﻴﺭﺍ‬
Umar bin Abi Sa lam ah ( ) who wa s bro ught up by the
Prophet (A) narr ate s that when the ver se , “ Allah on ly
de sire s to k eep a way ( all k in ds of) imp urity from yo u, O
‘p eople of the ho use!’ (the Proph et’s fam ily ) an d to totally
p ur ify yo u, ” (al- Ahzab 33:33), wa s r evea le d to the Ho ly
Prophet (A) at the home of Umm Sala mah (‫) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬,
he (A) c alle d Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬, Ha san ( ) an d
Husain ( ) an d cov ere d them with a cloak . Ali
( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬wa s beh in d h im (A) , the Ho ly Prophet
(A) also cov ere d him un der the same c loak an d then
sa id, “ Oh Allah! T he se are my ah l-u l-bait (‘p eople of the
ho use’) so ke ep imp ur ity a way f rom them an d totally
p ur ify them. ”4

4 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:351, 663#3205, 3787 )


2 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (6: 292)
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 58 7#99 4)
4 . B ayhaqi rel at ed it wit h sli ghtly di fferent wo rds in as -
s unan-ul -kubr a (2: 150).
5 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (2:451#3558)
6 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:158#4705)
7 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:54#2662)
8 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (9:25#8295)
9 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:134#3799)
1 0. B ai haqi, al -It iqad (p. 327).
‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah‬‬ ‫‪19‬‬

‫‪) is the leader‬ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪3. Fatimah‬‬


‫‪of all women‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﻭﻫﻭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺭﻀﻪ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﺘﻭﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ ‪ :‬ﻴﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ! ﺃﻻ ﺘﺭﻀﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺘﻜﻭﻨﻲ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻝﻤﻴﻥ ﻭﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ ) na rrate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ( ‪Ay e shah‬‬
‫‪sa id dur in g the illne ss in which h e p asse d a way , “ Oh‬‬
‫‪) ! Ar e yo u not p lea se d with the fact‬ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪Fatim ah‬‬
‫‪that yo u ar e the lea de r of the women of a ll the worlds, the‬‬
‫‪lea der of th e women of this ummah (nation ) an d th e lea der‬‬
‫‪of the women of all the be lieve rs.”5‬‬

‫‪ .6‬ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‪ :‬ﺃﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺘﻤﺸﻲ ﻜﺄ ﻥ‬


‫ﻤﺸﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﺸﻲ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻘﺎل ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ‪ :‬ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ ﺒﺎﺒﻨﺘﻲ ‪ .‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻴﻤﻴﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻥ ﺸﻤﺎﻝﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺃﺴﺭ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺎ ﻓﺒﻜﺕ ﻓﻘﻠﺕ ﻝﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﻝﻡ ﺘﺒﻜﻴﻥ؟ ﺜﻡ ﺃﺴﺭ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺎ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﻜﺎﻝﻴﻭﻡ ﻓﺭﺤﺎ ﺃﻗﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺯﻥ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻓﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﻜﻨﺕ ﻷﻓﺸﻲ ﺴﺭ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻗﺒﺽ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ ‪ :‬ﺃﺴﺭ ﺇﻝﻲ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺠﺒﺭﻴل ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﺎﺭﻀﻨﻲ ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺁ ﻥ ﻜل ﺴﻨﺔ ﻤﺭﺓ ‪,‬‬

‫‪5 . 1 . Haki m has decl ared it sahi h (sound) i n al-Must ad ra k‬‬


‫‪(3:170# 4740) whil e Dhahabi has support ed it.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬ ‫)‪Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (4: 251#7078‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬ ‫)‪Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 146#8517‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬ ‫)‪Ibn S a‘d, at -Tabaqat-ul -kubr a (2: 247,248‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬ ‫)‪Ibn S ad, at -T abaqat -ul -kubra (8:26,27‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬ ‫) ‪Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i-mari fah as -sa ha bah (7: 218‬‬
20 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻭﺇﻨﻙ ﺃﻭل‬,‫ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺭﺍﻩ ﺇﻻ ﺤﻀﺭ ﺃﺠﻠﻲ‬,‫ﻭﺇﻨﻪ ﻋﺎﺭﻀﻨﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻡ ﻤﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬


‫ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻨﻲ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬,‫ ﺃﻤﺎ ﺘﺭﻀﻴﻥ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ‬.‫ﺃﻫل ﺒﻴﺘﻲ ﻝﺤﺎﻗﺎ ﺒﻲ‬
. ‫ ﺃﻭ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ! ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﻝﺫﻝﻙ‬,‫ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬na rrate s, “ Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬c ame
an d h er way of walk in g was just like that o f the Ho ly
Prophet (A). T he Ho ly Prophet (A) we lcom e d his
be love d da ughter an d seate d he r on his r ight han d side or
on the left han d side* . T hen he whisper e d somethin g to
he r wh ich m a de h er c ry. So I a sk e d her why she wa s
c ryin g. T hen the Ho ly Prophet (A) whisp ere d so methin g
to her an d she la ugh e d. So I said, ‘I h ave n ever seen
happ ine ss so c lose to sa dne ss a s I hav e seen to day .’ I
a sk e d ( Fatimah [ ‫) ] ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, ‘What did the Holy Prophet
(A) say?’ She rep lie d, ‘I cannot disc lo se the se cret of
the Me ssen ge r of Allah (A).’ Wh en the Ho ly Prophet
(A) pa sse d a way I a ske d h er a gain ( a bo ut th is inc ident)
an d she r eplie d, ‘T he Ho ly Prophet (A) wh isper e d to
me , ‘Ev ery ye ar Jibrae el rec ite s the who le of the Quran
with m e onc e but this yea r h e ha s re cite d it t wice . I am
sure that the en d of my time in this wor ld h a s come an d
in dee d yo u a re the first from my fam ily who will com e to
me .’ T his ma de m e cry . T hen the Holy Proph et (A)
wh isper e d, ‘ Are yo u not happy with th e f act that yo u a re
the lea der of the women o f Pa ra dise or the lea der o f all
M uslim women* .’ T o this I la ughe d.’”6

, ‫ ﺤﺩﺜﺘﻨﻲ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺴﺭﻭﻕ‬.7


‫ ﻴﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ! ﺃﻻ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬: ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬

6 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1326, 1327#3426,3427 )


2 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1904#2450)
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (6: 282)
* The narrat or is uns ure of the exact words o f t he Prophet
( A).
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 21

‫ ﺃﻭ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻫﺫﻩ‬,‫ﺘﺭﻀﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻨﻲ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬


!‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬
M asr uq n arrate s from the Mother of the Be liever s
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬that the Holy Prophet (A) sa id,
“ Fatimah, ar e yo u not h appy that yo u are the lea de r of the
wo men of all the believ ers or the le a der of th e wom en of
this ummah.*”7

‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃ ﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬.8


‫ ﻓﺎﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻲ‬,‫ ﺇﻥ ﻤﻠﻜﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻝﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺯﺍﺭﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ ﺃﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻤﺘﻲ‬: ‫ ﻓﺒﺸﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬,‫ﺯﻴﺎﺭﺘﻲ‬
Abu Hura irah ( ) narr ates that the Ho ly Prophet (A)
sa id, “ An an gel in the skies who ha d not se en me
r e que ste d perm ission from Allah ( !) to see me ( which he
wa s gr ante d); he told me the goo d ne ws or bro ught me the
ne ws* that Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬is the lea der of a ll women
in my nat ion.”8

7. 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (5: 2317#5928)


2. M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1905#2450)
3. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77#263)
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 2#1342 )
5. T ayal isi, al -Musnad (p. 196#1373)
6. Ibn S ad, at -T abaqat -ul -kubra (2:247)
7. Dawl abi, az -Z urr i yah at -tahir ah (p.101, 102# 188)
8. Abu Nauym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aq at -ul -asf i ya
(2:39, 40)
9. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 130)
* The narrat or is uns ure of the exact words o f t he Prophet
( A)
8. 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 403#1006 )
2. B ukhari, at -T ar ikh-ul-kabir (1:232#728)
3. Hayt hami s aid in Majma-uz-zaw ai d (9:201) t his t raditi on
has been narrat ed by Tabarani and has decl ared its
narrat ors s ahih (s ound) except M uham mad bin M arwan
Zahl i. W hil e Ibn Hi bban has decl ared M uh amm ad b in
M arwan Zahli as very s ound.
22 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

4. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the leader of


women in Paradise
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺤﺫﻴﻔﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.9
‫ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﻤﻠ ﻙ ﻝﻡ ﻴﻨﺯل ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﻁ ﻗﺒل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻝﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻭ ﻴﺒ ﺸﹼﺭﻨﻲ ﺒﺄﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫل‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺭﺒﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺴﻠﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ‬
. ‫ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺴﻴﺩﺍ ﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬,‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬
Hudh aifah ( ) nar rate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id,
“ T here is an an ge l who be fore tonight h a d n ever come
do wn to e arth, a sk e d pe rmission from his Lor d to off er
slam (salutation s) to m e an d to deliver the goo d n e ws to
me that Fat imah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬is the le a der of a ll women of
Par a dise an d Ha san ( ) an d Husa in ( ) are the le a der s of
a ll the yo un gster s in Para dise. ”9

‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻁﺎﻝﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬.10


‫ ﺃﻻ ﺘﺭﻀﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻨﻲ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﻭ ﺍﺒﻨﺎﻙ ﺴﻴﺩﺍ ﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬, the son of Abu T alib, n arrate s that the
Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id to Fat imah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ Are yo u
not happy th at yo u are th e le a der of all women in P ara dise

4. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 127)


5. M i zzi, Tahdhi b-ul -kamal (26: 391)
9. 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:660#3781)
2. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 80, 95#8298,8365 )
3. Nas ai, Fadhail -us -s ahabah (p.58,72#193,260 )
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (5: 391)
5. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 78 8#14 06)
6. Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 388#32271 )
7. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:164#4721,4722)
8. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 402#1005 )
9. B ayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)
1 0. M uhibb Tabari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba f i -manaqib dh aw -il -
qur ba (p.224)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 23

an d both of yo ur son s ar e le a der s o f all yo uth in


Par a dise .”10

‫ ﺨﻁ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.11


‫ ﺘﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻫﺫﺍ؟‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬. ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬
‫ ﻓﻘﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬.‫ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺭﺴﻭﻝﻪ ﺃﻋﻠﻡ‬:‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝﻭﺍ‬
‫ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ‬, ‫ ﺨﺩﻴﺠﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺨﻭﻴﻠﺩ‬:‫ ﺃﻓﻀل ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻭ ﻤﺭﻴﻡ ﺍﺒﻨﺔ ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬,‫ ﻭ ﺁﺴﻴﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺯﺍﺤﻡ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻓﺭﻋﻭﻥ‬,‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬
.‫ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻥ ﺍﺠﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ) narr ate s that the Ho ly Prophet
(A) dr e w fo ur lin e s in the gro un d an d a ske d, “ Do yo u
kno w wh at this is? ” T he compan ions r eplie d, “ Allah ( !)
an d His M essen ger (A) kno w better. ” T hen the Ho ly
Prophet (A) said, “ From the women of Pa ra dise fo ur a re
super ior to other s: Kha dijah the da ughter of Kh uwaylid,
Fatim ah the da ughter o f M uhamm a d, Asiyah the da ughter
of Ma zah im the wife of Pha raoh an d Mary am the da ughter
of Imran ( ).”11

‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺼﺎﻝﺢ ﻗﺎل‬.12


‫ ﺃﻻ ﺃﺒﺸﺭﻙ ﺃﻨﻲ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬

10 . 1 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:201)


2 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (3: 102#885)
11 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (1: 293,316 )
2. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 93, 94#8355,8364 )
3. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 74, 76#250, 25 9)
4. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 470#7010)
5. Haki m, al -Must adrak, (2:539#3836)
6. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:174, 205#4754, 4852)
7. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :760, 761#
1339)
8 . Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (5: 110#2722)
9 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 364#29 62 )
1 0. Abd bin Humayd, al -Musnad (1:205#597)
24 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻭ‬,‫ ﻤﺭﻴﻡ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬: ‫ ﺴﻴﺩﺍﺕ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬: ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
, ‫ ﺨﺩﻴﺠﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺨﻭﻴﻠﺩ‬, ‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻭ ﺁﺴﻴﺔ ﺃﻤﺭﺃﺓ ﻓﺭﻋﻭﻥ‬
Sa lih ( ) narr ates that Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬sa id to
Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬, “ Sha ll I not te ll yo u som e goo d
ne ws? I hav e he ar d the Ho ly Prophet (A) say th at on ly
fo ur women a re the lea de rs o f the women of Par a dise :
M aryam bint I mran, Fatim ah bint Me ssen ger of Allah
(A), Kh a dijah bint Kh uway lid an d Pha raoh’ s wif e,
Asiyah. ”12

12 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 0#13 36)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 25

5. Allah (!) has forbidden Hell Fire for


Fatimah ( !"$& '‫*م ا‬+) and her family
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‬.13
‫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺫﺒﻙ ﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﻭﻝﺩﻙ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬ ﻤﺎ‬narr ate s that the Ho ly
Prophet (A) said to Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ Allah ( !)
will not p un ish yo u an d yo ur ch ildren. ”13

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‬.14


‫ ﺇﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺤﺼﻨﺕ ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ ﻓﺤﺭﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻭ ﺫﺭﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬
Abdullah bin Ma sud ( ‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬ ﻤﺎ‬n arrate s that the Ho ly
Prophet (A) sa id, “ In de e d Fatim ah ha s protecte d h er
hono ur an d p ur ity in such a way that Allah ha s protecte d
he r an d h er children from the Fire. ”14

13 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (11: 210#1168 5)


2 . Hayt hami s aid in Majma-uz-zaw ai d (9:202) t his t raditi on
has been narrat ed by T abarani and i ts narrat o rs are thiq ah
(m en of i nt egri ty).
3 . S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -
r as ul w a dhaw i ash-s harf (p. 117)
14 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 407#1018 )
2 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (5: 223#1829)
3 . Haki m al -Must adrak (3:165#4726)
4 . Abu Nuaym, Hil at -ul -awl iya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya
(4:188)
5 . S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -
r as ul w a dhaw i s -s harf (p. 115,116)
26 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺠﺎﺒﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‬.15


‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﺴﻤﻴﺕ ﺒﻨﺘﻲ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻷﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺯﻭﺠل‬: ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻓﻁﻤﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻁﻡ ﻤﺤﺒﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬
Ja bir ( ) narr ate s that the Me ssen ger of Allah (A) sa id,
“ My da ughter wa s name d Fatimah bec a use Allah ( !) ha s
totally sepa rate d h er an d tho se who love her from the
Fir e.”15

15 . 1 . Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi mathur al -khi tab (1: 34 6# 1385 )


2 . Hi ndi narrat ed it in Kanz -ul -ummal (12:109#3 4227) and
s aid Dayl am i has narrat ed t he tradit ion th roug h Abu
Hu rai rah.
3 . S akhawi s aid in Ist ijl ab irt iqa al -ghur af bi -hu bb a qri ba
ar -r as ul w a dhaw i s -s harf (p.96) Dayl am i narrat ed it
t hrough Abu Hurayrah.
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 27

6. The mother of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is


the best of all women
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻁﺎﻝﺏ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﺠﻌﻔﺭ‬.16
‫ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬:‫ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
‫ ﻭ ﺨﻴﺭ ﻨﺴﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﻤﺭﻴﻡ ﺒﻨﺕ‬,‫ ﺨﻴﺭ ﻨﺴﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﺨﺩﻴﺠﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺨﻭﻴﻠﺩ‬:‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬
.‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬
Abdullah bin Jaf ar ( ) narr ate s that he h ear d Ali
( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬say that the Holy Prophet (A) said, “ T he
mo st super ior wom an f rom the wom en of he r tim e wa s
Kh a dijah bint Kh uway lid ( ) an d the mo st super ior
wo man from the women o f her tim e was Mary am bint
Imr an.”16

, ‫ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺒﺎﻝﻜﻭﻓﺔ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﺠﻌﻔﺭ‬.17


‫ ﺨﻴﺭ‬:‫ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻴﻘﻭل‬:‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﺨﻴﺭ ﻨﺴﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﺨﺩﻴﺠﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺨﻭﻴﻠﺩ‬,‫ﻨﺴﺎﺌﻬﺎ ﻤﺭﻴﻡ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬

.‫ ﻭ ﺃﺸﺎﺭ ﻭﻜﻴﻊ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺍﻝ ﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬:‫ﻗﺎل ﺃﺒﻭ ﻜﺭﻴﺏ‬


Abdullah bin Ja far narr ates that he hea r d Ali ( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬
say in Kufah th at he h ear d th e M e ssen ger of Allah (A)
say that Mary am bint Imran an d Kha dijah bint Kh uwaylid
a re better than a ll women (in the heav en s an d on e arth).

16 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:702#3877)


2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (1: 116,132 )
3. Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (1: 455)
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 85 2#15 80)
5. Ibn Abd-ul -B arr, al-Isti ab f i mar ifah al-as ha b (4: 18 23)
6. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 113)
7. As qal ani, Fath -ul -bar i (6: 447)
8. As qal ani, Fath -ul -bar i (7: 107)
9. As qal ani, al -Is abah fi t amyiz as -s habah (7: 602 )
28 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

T he narr ator, Abu Kura ib, states that ( wh ilst nar ratin g
this tra dition) W aki po inte d to war ds the gro un d an d the
skie s.17

17 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1886#2430)


2. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1265, 1388#3249,3604 )
3. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 93#8354)
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (1: 84, 143)
5. Abd-ur-R azzaq, al -Mus annaf (7: 492#1400 6)
6. Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 390#32289 )
7. B azzar, al-Mus nad (2: 115#468)
8. Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (1: 399#522)
9. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 74#249)
1 0. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :847, 852#
1563, 1579, 1583)
Ex pl a n a t o r y No t e
Tradit ions i n t his chapt er are no cont rast t o t ho se in chapt er
t h ree and four. The excel l ence of Asi yah, M ary am and
Kh adij ah was in rel ati on t o t hei r own peri ods. Th e g reatn ess of
t h e Leader of al l wom en, F ati mah, is beyond tim e and sp ace.
Th e p o et of East, Al l am a Iqbal, al so pays her h om age as th e
wo rl d’s m ost perfect woman. The gi st of his po em ru ns as
fo l lo ws:
M aryam’s rel ati on wit h prophet Is a alone b ro ug ht her th e
cro wn of excel l ence whi l e the daughter of the M ast er of t h e
Un iv ers e, M uhamm ad, had three honours to her credit. F irst,
s h e was the l ight of t he P rophet’s1 eye who was t he l ead er of
all t h e prophets and the whol e univers e. S econdly, s h e was the
wi fe of the Lion o f All ah2 , who was t he M as ter of al l the
B el i evers. Her hus band was s uch a cont ent pers on as hi s whol e
h om e consi st ed of no more than a sword and a s hi el d. And
t hi rd ly, she was the m ot her of t he one3 who was the l eader o f
t h e caravan of love and passi on.
-------------------------------------------------------
1. i. e. his daught er, F atim ah
2. i. e. Ali, the fo urt h Comm ander of t he F ait hful
3. i. e. Im am Hus ai n
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 29

7. “Fatimah! My mother and father be


sacrificed for you”
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.18
‫ ﻭ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺩﻡ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﺨﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻬﺩﺍ ﺒﻪ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬. ‫ﻤﻥ ﺴﻔﺭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭل ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﺒﻪ ﻋﻬﺩﺍ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ ﻓﺩﺍﻙ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻭ ﺃﻤﻲ‬: ‫ﻝﻬﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Abdullah bin Umar ( ) n arr ates that when ever the Ho ly
Prophet (A) went on a jo urney, the la st p erson he wo uld
spe ak to from his (A) fam ily befor e settin g o ff wo uld be
Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬. When h e (A) ret urne d from a
jo urney, the f irst per son the Ho ly Prophet (A) wo uld
com e to wo uld be Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬an d the M essen ger
of Allah (A) wo uld say to her (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ (Oh
Fatim ah!) My mother an d father be sa crifice d fo r yo u.”18

‫ ﺃ ﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺎﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.19


. ‫ ﻓﺩﺍﻙ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻭ ﺃﻤﻲ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
Umar bin Kh attab ( ) (a lso ) narr ates that the Ho ly
Prophet (A) use d to say to Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ (Oh
Fatim ah!) My mother an d father be sa crifice d fo r yo u.”19

18 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:170#4740)


2 . Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (2:470, 471#696)
3 . Hayt hami, Mawari d-uz -zaman (p. 631#2540 )
19 . S hawkani s ai d in Darr -us -s ahabah fi ma naqi b al -
qar abah was-sahabah (p. 279) Haki m narrat ed it in al -
Must adr ak.
30 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

8. Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬, a part of


the Prophet (A)
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ‬.20
‫ ﻓﻤﻥ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻲ‬: ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻨﻲ‬
M iswa r bin Makhra mah ( ) n arr ates that the M essen ger
of Allah (A) said, “ Fat imah is a part of me . T herefor e,
who so ever an ger s h er an ger s m e.”20

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺎل‬.21


. ‫ ﻓﻤﻥ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻨﻲ‬, ‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
M uh amma d bin Ali n arrate s that the Me ssen ge r of
Allah (A) sa id, “ Indee d Fatim ah is a part of me. Henc e,
who so ever an ger s h er an ger s m e.”21

‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬.22


‫ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺠﻌﺕ‬,‫ ﺃﻱ ﺸﻲﺀ ﺨﻴﺭ ﻝﻠﻤﺭﺃﺓ؟ ﻓﺴﻜﺘﻭﺍ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬

20 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1361#3510)


2 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1374#3556)
3 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1903#2449)
4 . Ibn Abi Shaybah narrat ed it i n al -Musann af (6: 38 8#
32269) through Ali (‫) ﻛﺮ ﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬
5 . Abu Awanah, al -Mus nad (3: 70#4233)
6 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 361#29 54 )
7 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 404#1013 )
8 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:172#4747)
9 . B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (10: 201)
1 0. Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi mathur al -khi tab (3: 14 5# 4389 )
21 . 1 . Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 388#32269 )
2 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :755, 756#
1326)
3 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.80,81 )
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 31

. ‫ ﺃﻱ ﺸﻲﺀ ﺨﻴﺭ ﻝﻠﻨﺴﺎﺀ؟ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ ﺃﻻ ﻴﺭﺍﻫﻥ ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل‬: ‫ﻗﻠﺕ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬


‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ‬:‫ﻓﺫﻜﺭﺕ ﺫﻝﻙ ﻝﻠﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻘﺎل‬
.‫ﻤﻨﻲ‬
Ali ( ) na rrate s, “ He wa s pre sent in the comp any o f the
M essen ger of Allah (A) when the Holy Proph et (A)
a sk e d, ‘What is be st for a wom an’ on this the comp anion s
r ema ine d quiet. When I ret urne d home I a ske d Fatim ah,
‘T ell me what is be st for a woman? ’ Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬
r eplie d, ‘It is be st for a wo man that no men ( i. e. o ut side of
one ’s im me diate fam ily : brother s, f ather, un cle, h usban d,
son s) see her. ’ I m entione d this to the Holy Prophet (A)
an d he (A) sa id, ‘ In dee d Fatimah is a part of m e.’ ”22

22 . 1 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (2: 160#526)


2 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (4:255)
3 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:202)
4 . Abu Nuaym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya
(2:40, 41,175)
5 . Darqutni, Sual at Hamz ah (p.280#409)
32 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

9. The Holy Prophet (A) used to stand up


for Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.23
‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎﻡ‬,‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﺁﻫﺎ ﻗﺩ ﺃﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﺭﺤﺏ ﺒﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻭ‬: ‫ ﺜﻡ ﺃﺨﺫ ﺒﻴﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ‬,‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬,‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﺃﺕ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺭﺤﺒﺕ ﺒﻪ‬
. ‫ﺇﻝﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﺒﻠﺘﻪ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
T he Mother of the Believe rs Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s
that when the Ho ly Prophet (A) use d to se e Fat imah
com in g he wo uld welcome h er, then he (A) wo uld stan d
up fo r her , kiss he r, br in g he r in side by holdin g her han d
an d seat her in h is (A) o wn p lac e. When ever Fat imah
(‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬sa w the Holy Prophet (A) arr ive, sh e use d to
we lcome him (A) , stan d up fo r h im (A) an d k iss the
Ho ly Prophet (A).23

‫ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.24


‫]ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ[ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺨﻠﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺭﺤﺏ ﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﺎﻡ‬
. ‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺄﺨﺫ ﺒﻴﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺃﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﻠﺴﻪ‬
T he Mother of the Believe rs Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s
that when Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬use d to ar riv e in the
pr esence of the Ho ly Prophet (A), h e (A) use d to

23 . 1 . Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 391,392#9236,923 7)


2. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 403#6953)
3. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 367#29 67 )
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:242#4089)
5. Haki m, al -Must adrak (4:303#7715)
6. B ukhari, al -Ad ab-ul -muf rad (p. 326#947)
7. Dawl abi, az -Z urr i yah at -tahir a (p. 100#184)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 33

we lcome her by st an din g up an d use d to ho ld he r han d an d


k iss it then seat h er where he (A) wa s sittin g.24

‫ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤ ﺔ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.25


‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺨﻠﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺤﺏ ﺒﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻭ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺨل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺄﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﻠﺴﻪ‬, ‫ﻭ ﺃﺨﺫ ﺒﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬
. ‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎﻤﺕ ﺇﻝﻴﻪ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻭ ﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﻴﺩﻩ‬
T he Mother of the Believe rs Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s
that wh en Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬use d to v isit the Ho ly
Prophet (A), he use d to stan d up to we lcome h er, kiss
he r an d by ho ldin g her han d use d to se at her wh ere he
(A) was sittin g. Wh en the Ho ly Proph et (A) v isite d
Fatim ah’s (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬ho use, she (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, in
we lcomin g th e Holy P rophet (A) , use d to st an d up an d
k iss the ble sse d han d of the Ho ly Prophet (A).25

24 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:167#4732)


2. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 78#264)
3. Ibn R ahawayh, al -Mus nad (1: 8#6)
4. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (7:101)
5. B ayhaqi, Shuab-ul -i man (6: 467#8927)
6. M aqri, T aqbil -ul-yad (p.91)
7. As qal ani s ai d i n Fath-ul -bari (11:50) t he t raditi on has
been narrat ed by Abu Dawud and Ti rm id hi and has
t erm ed it has an (fai r) whil e Ibn Hi bban and Haki m have
decl ared it sahi h (sound).
25 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:174#4753)
2. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.85)
3. Hayt hami, Mawari d-uz -zaman (p. 549#2223 )
4. As qal ani, Fath -ul -bar i (11:50)
5. S hawkani, Darr -us -s ahabah fi manaqib al -qar abah w as -
s ahabah (p.279)
6. Haki m graded it s ahi h (sound) accordi ng t o the
conditi ons of B ukhari and M usli m.
34 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

10. The Holy Prophet (A) laid out his


cloak for Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺩﺨل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬.26
‫ ﻓﺠﻠﺱ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻭ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻭ ﻗﺩ ﺒﺴﻁ ﺸﻤﻠﺔ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ ﺃﺨﺫ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺒﻤﺠﺎﻤﻌﻪ‬,‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬
. ‫ ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻡ ﺍﺭﺽ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﻡ ﺭﺍﺽ‬:‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ﻓﻌﻘﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬n arrate s that he arr ive d in the company of
the Holy Prophet (A) an d the Ho ly Prophet A) ha d
a lre a dy la id o ut a clo ak. T he Holy Proph et (A), Ali
( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬, Fatimah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, Hasan ( ) an d Husa in
( ) sat on it. T hen the Holy Prophet (A) got ho ld o f the
co rner s of th e c loak , p lac e d the corner s over them an d t ie d
a knot. T hen he (A) sa id, “ Oh Allah , be satisfie d with
them in the sam e m anner as I am plea se d with them.”26

26 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (5:348#5514)


2 . Hayt hami s ai d i n Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9: 169) T abarani
narrat ed thi s t radit ion and it s narrators are sa hi h (s ound )
except Ubayd bin T ufayl who is thi qah (credi bl e). His
ni cknam e i s Abu S aydan.
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 35

11. The journey of the Holy Prophet (A)


started and ended at the house of
Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻜﺎ ﻥ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺜﻭﺒﺎﻥ ﻤﻭﻝﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬.27
‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﺨﺭ ﻋﻬﺩﻩ ﺒﺈﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﺃﻭل ﻤﻥ ﻴﺩﺨل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺩﻡ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬,‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
T ha wban ( ) , the Slave* of the Me ssen ger o f Allah
(A), narr ate s that whenev er the Ho ly Prophet (A)
intende d to go on a jo urney , the last pe rson he wo uld
spe ak to from his (A) fam ily befor e settin g o ff wo uld be
Fatim ah ( !" $& '‫ *م ا‬+) . On ce h e ( A) r eturn e d from a
jo urney, the f irst per son the Ho ly Prophet (A) wo uld
com e to wo uld be Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬.27

‫ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.28


‫ ﻭ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺩﻡ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﺨﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻬﺩﺍ ﺒﻪ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬. ‫ﻤﻥ ﺴﻔﺭ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭل ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﺒﻪ ﻋﻬﺩﺍ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ ﻓﺩﺍﻙ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻭ ﺃﻤﻲ‬: ‫ﻝﻬﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Abdullah bin Uma r ( ) nar rate s that when the Ho ly
Prophet (A) set o ut on a jo urney, the la st p er son he
wo uld spe ak to from his (A) fam ily befor e settin g off
wo uld be Fat imah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬. On ce h e (A) returne d
from a jo urney , the f ir st per son the Holy Proph et (A)
wo uld come to wo uld be Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬an d he (A)

27 . 1 . Abu Dawud, as -Sunan (4:87#4213)


2 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (5: 275)
3 . B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (1:26)
4 . Zayd B aghdadi, Tar kat-tun-nabi (p.57)
* ‘Sl ave of t he M ess enger of All ah’ was his titl e. He was
given this becaus e he was brought t o the P ro phet (A)
as a sl ave but the P rophet (A ) freed him.
36 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

wo uld say to her ( ‫) ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ (Oh Fatim ah!) My mother


an d father be sa crifice d for yo u.”28

‫ ﻜﺎ ﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.29


. ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺩﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺴﻔﺭ ﻗﺒل ﺇﺒﻨﺘﻪ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ) narr ate s that when the Ho ly
Prophet (A) ret urne d from a jo urney , h e (A) use d to
k iss h is da ughter Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬.29

28 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:169, 170#4739, 4740)


2 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (1:664#1798)
3 . Haki m al so n arrat ed it i n al -Mus tadrak (3: 16 9#4737 )
t hrough Abu Thalbah Khas hny with di fferent words.
4 . Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (2:470, 471#696)
5 . Hayt hami, Mawari d-uz -zaman (p. 631#2540 )
6 . Ibn As aki r narrat ed thi s t raditi on in T ari kh Di mashq al -
kabi r (43:141) t hrough Abu Thalbah Khas hny.
29 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:248#4105)
2 . Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (4: 352#2466)
3 . Hayt hami s aid in Majma-uz -zawai d (8: 42 ) t h e t rad iti on
has been narrat ed by Tabarani in al -Aws at an d i ts ch ain
of narrators is t hi qah (credibl e).
4 . Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i-mari fah as -sa ha bah (7: 219 )
5 . S uyuti, al -Jami -us -s aghir fi ahadi th al -bas hi r an -n adhir
(p. 189#303)
6 . M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (5:155)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 37

12. Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬: the centre of love


for the Holy Prophet (A) on earth
‫ ﺩﺨﻠﺕ ﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﺘﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ﻤﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺘﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﻴﻊ ﺒﻥ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﻋﻥ ﺠ‬.30
‫ ﻓﺴﺌﻠﺕ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬,‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬
‫ ﺇ ﻥ‬, ‫ ﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬: ‫ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل؟ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﻴل‬, ‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ؟ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬
. ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺕ ﺼﻭﺍﻤﺎ ﻗﻭﺍﻤﺎ‬
Juma i bin Um air T aymi ( ) n arrate s that he v isite d
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬in the company of h is p aterna l a unt
an d a ske d h er, “ Who was th e mo st belov e d to the Ho ly
Prophet (A)?” T he Mother o f the Be liever s (‫) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬
r eplie d, “ Fatimah .” “ An d who from amon g the men? ” she
wa s a ske d a gain . She r eplie d, “ Her h usban d. As f ar a s I
kno w he fa sts a great dea l an d he often stay s a wak e at
len gth durin g night s in or der to wor ship Allah ( !). ”30

‫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺍﻝﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺒﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬.31


. ‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺭﺠﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ‬
Bura idah ( ) nar rate s that f rom women Fatimah was the
mo st be love d to the Ho ly Proph et (A) an d from the men
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬was mo st dear to h im (A).31

30 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:701#3874)


2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 403,404#100 8, 1 009)
3 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:171#4744)
4 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.77)
5 . Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa haba h (7: 21 9)
6 . Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 125)
7 . M i zzi, Tahdhi b-ul -kamal (4:512)
8 . S hawkani, Darr -us -s ahabah fi manaqib al -qar abah w as -
s ahabah (p.273)
31 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:698#3868)
2 . Nas ai narrat ed t hi s t radi tion i n as-Suna n-ul-kub ra
(5:140# 8498) wi th di fferent words.
3 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (7:199#7262)
38 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

, ‫ ﻗﺎل ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﺴﺎﻤﺔ ﺒﻥ ﺯﻴﺩ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬.32


‫ ﻜﻨﺕ ﺠﺎﻝﺴﺎ ﺇﺫ ﺠﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬:‫ﻗﺎل‬
‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﺴﺎﻤﺔﹶ ! ﺍﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﻝﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻻ‬,‫ﻴﺴﺘﺄﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬
,‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ! ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﻴﺴﺘﺄﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬,‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻓﻘﺎل ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬,‫ ﻻ‬:‫ ﻤﺎ ﺠﺎﺀ ﺒﻬﻤﺎ؟ ﻗﻠﺕ‬,‫ ﺃﺘﺩﺭﻱ‬:‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬
‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ! ﺠﺌﻨﺎﻙ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻻ‬,‫ ﻓﺩﺨﻼ‬,‫ ﻓﺄﺫﻥ ﻝﻬﻤﺎ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻜﻨﻲ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ‬
. ‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬:‫ﻨﺴﺄﻝﻙ ﺃﻱ ﺃﻫﻠﻙ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻴﻙ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
Abu Sa lamah bin Abd- ur- Rahman ( ) n arrate s that
Usamah bin Za id ( ) told him, “ I wa s sitting when Ali
( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬an d Abba s ( ) cam e to seek perm ission an d
sa id, ‘ Usama , re quest p ermission from the Holy Prophet
(A) for us to enter. ’ I sa id, ‘ O Me ssen ger of Allah! Ali
an d Abba s re que st p erm ission to enter. ’ T he Ho ly Prophet
(A) sa id, ‘Do yo u kno w why th ey h ave come ?’ ‘No,’ I
r eplie d. He (A) said, ‘ But I kno w. Let them in. ’ Both
gentlemen enter e d an d they said, ‘ Oh Me ssen ge r of Allah!
We have com e to yo u to a sk yo u that who from ‘the
peop le of yo ur ho use’ is mo st be love d to yo u.’ T he Ho ly
Prophet (A) rep lie d, ‘ Fatim ah da ughter of
M uh amma d. ’”32

4 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:168#4735)


5 . Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 131)
6 . S hawkani, Darr -us -s ahabah fi manaqib al -q ar ab ah w as -
s ahabah (p.274)
32 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:678##3819)
2 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (7: 71#2620)
3 . T ayal isi, al -Musnad (p. 88#633)
4 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 403#1007 )
5 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (2:452#3526)
6 . M aqdasi, al -Ahadit h -ul-mukht ar ah
(4:160, 162#1379, 1380)
7 . Ibn Kathir, T af sir -ul -Qur an al -azi m (3: 489,490)
8 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.78)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 39

‫ ﻗﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.33


‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﻡ‬:‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ! ﺃﻴﻤﺎ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻴﻙ‬:‫ﻁﺎﻝﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
. ‫ ﻭﺃﻨﺕ ﺃﻋﺯ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻲ ﻤﻨﻙ‬: ‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
Abu Hura irah ( ) na rrate s Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬ask e d the Ho ly
Prophet (A), “ Oh M e ssen ger of Allah (A), who is mo re
be love d to yo u from Fatimah an d m e? ” T he Holy Prophet
(A) rep lie d, “ Fatim ah is more belove d to me than yo u
a re an d yo u a re dear er to me than sh e is.”33

‫ ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺴﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻨﺠﻴﺢ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻴﻪ‬.34


‫ ﺩﺨل ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻨﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻜﻭﻓﺔ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺠﻠﺱ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺭﺅﻭﺴﻨﺎ ﻓﺩﻋﺎ ﺒﺈﻨﺎﺀ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻤﺎﺀ‬
! ‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬, ‫ﻓﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻪ ﻓﺩﻋﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺒﺎﻝﺒﺭﻜﺔ ﺜﻡ ﺭﺸﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ ﻫﻲ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺍﻝﻲ ﻤﻨﻙ ﻭ ﺃﻨﺕ ﺃﻋﺯ ﻋﻠﻲ‬:‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻴﻙ ﺃﻡ ﻫﻲ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
. ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬
I bn Abu Na je eh narr ate d from h is father that the per son
who told him ha d h ear d Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‬say on the p ulpit
in Kufah, “ T he Holy Prophet (A) cam e to o ur ho use an d
sat with us beside the c ush ions an d ask e d for wate r in a

* Thi s t raditi on i s has an (fai r).


33 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (7:343#7675)
2 . Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 173) T ab aran i h as
narrat ed t his t radi tion i n al-Aw sat. Haythami al so
comm ent ed he di d not know S al am ah bi n Aq abah, on e o f
t he chai n of narrators. The rest of t he narrat o rs are thiq ah
(credi bl e).
3 . Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 202) T ab aran i h as
narrat ed t his t radit ion in al -Aws at.
4 . Hus aini s aid in al-Bayan w at -tarif (2: 118# 1238 )
T abarani has narrat ed i t in al -Aw sat and Hayt hami
t erm ed it s narrat ors s ahi h (s ound).
5 . M anawi s ai d i n Fayd-ul -qadir (4:422) Hayt hami h as
decl ared it s narrat ors s ahih (s ound).
40 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

conta iner . It wa s bro ught to him an d he (A) per forme d a


pr ayer on it for blessin gs an d spr ink le d this water upon us.
I a ske d, ‘O Me ssen ge r of Allah (A), do yo u h ave mo re
love for me or fo r Fatimah?’ T he Prophet A rep lie d,
‘ She is more be love d to me than yo u an d yo u are mo re
hono ur a ble to me than sh e is. ’”34

34 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :631, 632#


1076)
2 . Nas ai narrat ed i t in as-Sunan -ul-kubra (5: 15 0#85 31)
bri efly.
3 . Humaidi, al -Musnad (1:22#38)
4 . S haybani narrat ed it bri efl y in al -Aahad w al -mat hani
(5:360#2951).
5 . Ibn J awzi, T adhkir at -ul-khawas (p.275, 276)
6 . Ibn Athir narrat ed it bri efl y i n Usad-ul-ghabah fi marif ah
as -s ahabah (7:219).
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 41

13. Nobody’s habits resembled more to


the Holy Prophet (A)
‫ ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.35
‫ﺃﺤﺩﺍ ﺃﺸﺒﻪ ﺴﻤﺘﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻻ ﻭ ﻫﺩﻴﺎ ﺒﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻗﻴﺎﻤﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻌﻭﺩﻫﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
. ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
T he Mother of the Be liever s Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬nar rate s,
“ I have not se en anyon e who r e sem ble d the Holy Prophet
(A) mo re in m anner s, h a bit s, cha racter an d in the
metho d of sittin g an d stan din g than Fat imah the da ughter
of the Me ssen ger of Allah .”35

‫ ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.36


‫ﺃﺤﺩﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺸﺒﻪ ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻜﻼﻤﺎ ﻭﻻ‬
. ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺠﻠﺴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
T he Mother of the Be liever s Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬nar rate s,
“ I h ave not se en anyone from the peop le who bear s c loser
r esem blance to the Prophet (A) in ta lkin g an d sittin g
than Fatim ah ( !"$& '‫*م ا‬+ ) .”36

35 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:700#3872)


2. Abu Dawud, as -Sunan (4:355#5217)
3. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77, 78#264)
4. Haki m, al -Must adrak (4:303#7715)
5. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (5:96)
6. Ibn S a‘d narrat ed t his t radi ti on in at -T ab aqat -u l-kubra
(2:248) t hrou gh Um m S alm ah with sli gh tly di fferen t
wo rds.
7. Ibn J awzi, Sif at -us-safwah (2: 6,7)
8. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.84,85 )
36 . 1 . B ukhari, al -Ad ab-ul -muf rad (p. 326,337#947, 97 1)
2. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 391#9236)
3. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 403#6953)
42 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻝﻡ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺃﺤﺩ ﺃﺸﺒﻪ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻨﺱ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺎﻝﻙ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.37


‫ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬,‫ﺒﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ‬
. ‫ﺼﻠﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺃﺠﻤﻌﻴﻥ‬
An s bin Ma lik narr ates that no bo dy sho we d mo re
r esem blance to the Ho ly Prophet (A) than Hasan bin Ali
( ) an d Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬.37

‫ ﺍﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.38


‫ ﻓﺠﺎﺀﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺘﻤﺸﻲ‬,‫ ﻓﻠﻡ ﻴﻐﺎﺩﺭ ﻤﻨﻬﻥ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬,‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬, ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﺸﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ ﻓﺄﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻴﻤﻴﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻥ ﺸﻤﺎﻝﻪ‬:‫ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ ﺒﺎﺒﻨﺘﻲ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬nar rate s, “ All of the wive s of Ho ly
Prophet (A) we re pr esent an d no on e from amon g them
wa s a bsent when Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, who se style of
wa lk in g wa s exa ctly like the wa lkin g of the Holy Prophet
(A), c ame. T he Prophet (A) sa id, ‘We lcom e my
da ughter ,’ an d then se ate d h er on h is r ight side or on his
left side.”38

4. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:167, 174#4732, 4753 )


5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:242#40809)
6. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (7:101)
7. Ibn R ahawayh, al -Mus nad (1: 8#6)
8. Ibn Abd-ul -B arr, al-Isti ab f i mar ifah al-as ha b (4: 1896 )
9. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 127)
37 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (3: 164)
38 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1905,1906#2450)
2. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (5: 3217#5928)
3. Ibn M aj ah, as -Sunan (1:518#1620)
4. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (4: 251#7078)
5. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 96, 146#8368, 8516, 8517 )
6. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77#263)
7. Nas ai, K itab-ul-waf at (p. 20#2)
8. Ahmad bi n Ham bal, Fadail -us -s ahab ah (2 :7 62,
763#1343)
9. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 368#29 68 )
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 43

, ‫ ﺤﺩﺜﺘﻨﻲ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺴﺭﻭﻕ‬.39


‫ ﻝﻡ‬,‫ ﺇﻨﺎ ﻜﻨﺎ ﺃﺯﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻋﻨﺩﻩ ﺠﻤﻴﻌﺎ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬
‫ ﻭﻻ ﻭﺍﷲ‬, ‫ ﻓﺄﻗﺒﻠﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﺴﻼﻡ ﺘﻤﺸﻲ‬, ‫ﺘﻐﺎﺩﺭ ﻤﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬
. ‫ﻤﺎ ﺘﺨﻔﻰ ﻤﺸﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
M asr uq ( ) narr ate s that the Mother of the Believ er s,
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate d to him, “ We, the wive s of
the Ho ly Prophet (A), were a ll with h im (A) an d none
of us wer e a bsent when Fatim ah came . I swea r by Allah
that her sty le of wa lkin g wa s in no way diffe rent to that of
the Holy Proph et (A). ”39

1 0. Ibn R ahawayh, al -Mus nad (1: 6,7#5)


39 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (5: 2317#5928)
2. M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1905#2450)
3. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77#263)
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 2#13 42)
5. T ayal isi, al -Musnad (p. 196#1373)
6. Ibn S ad, at -T abaqat -ul -kubra (2:247)
7. Dawl abi, az -Rurri yah at -t ahi rah (p. 101,102#1 88 )
8. Abu Nuaym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya
(2:39,40)
9 . Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 130)
‫‪44‬‬ ‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah‬‬

‫‪) is the‬ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪14. The pleasure of Fatimah‬‬


‫)‪pleasure of the Holy Prophet (A‬‬
‫‪ .40‬ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‪ :‬ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‪ :‬ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺸﺠﻨﺔ ﻤﻨﻲ ﻴﺒﺴﻁﻨﻲ ﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺒﺴﻁﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻴﻘﺒﻀﻨﻲ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻘﺒﻀﻬﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪M iswa r bin Makhr amah ( ) narr ates that the Ho ly‬‬
‫‪Prophet (A) said, “ In dee d, Fatim ah is my fr uitful‬‬
‫‪br anch; wh atever m ake s h er happy a lso mak es me h appy.‬‬
‫‪Whatev er h urts her h urts m e.”40‬‬

‫‪ .41‬ﻋﻥ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻝﻘﺭﺸﻲ‪ ,‬ﻗﺎل ‪ :‬ﺩﺨل ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﻥ‬


‫ﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻁﺎﻝﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﻝﻌﺯﻴﺯ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻭﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻝﺴﻥ ﻭﻝﻪ ﻭﻓﺭﺓ ‪ ,‬ﻓﺭﻓﻊ ﻋﻤﺭ ﻤﺠﻠﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺃﻗﺒل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﻀﻰ ﺤﻭﺍﺌﺠﻪ ‪ ,‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺨﺫ ﻋﻜﻨﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻜﻨ‪‬ﻪ’ ﻓﻐﻤﺯﻫﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺃﻭﺠﻌﻪ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎل‪ :‬ﺍﺫﻜﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﺩﻙ ﻝﻠﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺨﺭﺝ ﻻﻤﻪ ﻗﻭﻤﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻝﻭﺍ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻌﻠﺕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺒﻐﻼﻡ ﺤﺩﺙ! ﻓﻘﺎل ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻝﺜﻘﺔ ﺤﺩﺜﻨﻲ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻜﺄﻨﻲ ﺃﺴﻤﻌﻪ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﻓﻲ‪ ‬ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ‪ :‬ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻲ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻴﺴﺭﻨﻲ ﻤﺎ ﻴﺴﺭﻫﺎ ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﻋﻠﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻝﻭ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺔ‪ ,‬ﻝﺴﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺕ ﺒﺈﺒﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝﻭﺍ‪ :‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﻏﻤﺯﻙ ﺒﻁﻨﻪ‪ ,‬ﻭ‬
‫)‪40 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:168#4734‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬ ‫)‪Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (4: 332‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬ ‫)‪Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 5#13 47‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬ ‫) ‪S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 362#29 56‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬ ‫)‪T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (20: 25#30‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬ ‫)‪Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:203‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬ ‫‪Abu Nuaym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya‬‬
‫)‪(3:206‬‬
‫)‪8 . Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 132‬‬
‫)‪9 . As qal ani, Fath -ul -bar i (9: 329‬‬
‫)‪1 0. Ibn Kathir, T af sir -ul -Qur an al -azi m (3: 257‬‬
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 45

,‫ ﺇﻨﻪ ﻝﻴﺱ ﺃﺤﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻨﻲ ﻫﺎﺸﻡ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻝﻪ ﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ‬: ‫ﻗﻭﻝﻙ ﻤﺎ ﻗﻠﺕ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ﻓﺭﺠﻭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻫﺫﺍ‬
Sa e e d bin Aban Qar sh i n arrate s that Abdullah bin Ha san
bin Ha san bin Ali bin Abi T alib ( ), who was still a
yo un g boy with h is h air re ach in g h is ear s, went to Um ar
bin Abd- ul-Aziz ( ). ( On his ar riv al) Umar bin Abd- ul-
Aziz ( ) conc lude d his me etin g an d we lcom e d h is guest
an d f ulfille d h is ne e ds. He then pre sse d th e stomach o f the
boy to the extent that the boy f elt some pa in. Umar bin
Abd- ul- Az iz sa id, “ (On the Day of Judgem ent) at the t ime
of inter ce ssion rem em ber th is.” On the dep arture o f the
boy, the peop le ta unte d Umar bin Abd- ul-Aziz an d sa id,
“ Yo u sho we d so m uch re spe ct to a yo un g boy ?” On this
Umar bin Abd- ul-Aziz said, “ I h ave he ar d a say in g of the
Ho ly Prophet (A) f rom an a uthentic nar rator; it is a s
tho ugh I hav e he ar d it dire ctly from the Me ssen ger of
Allah (A) ( sayin g), ‘In de e d, Fatim ah is a p art of me an d
wh atever p le a se s her ple a se s me .’” ( Umar bin Umar bin
Abd- ul- Az iz then a dde d), “ I am sur e that if Fat imah
( ‫ ) ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬wa s a live today, she wo uld be happy at the
wa y I tr eate d her son.” T hen the peop le ask e d, “ What is
the m ean in g of yo ur squeez in g the boy’ s stomach an d
wh at did yo u m ean by the wo r d that yo u sa id? ” T o this
Umar bin Abd- ul-Az iz r eplie d, “ T here is not a sin gle
pe rson from the clan of Ban i Ha shim who h as not been
given the po wer to inte rce de. I just wante d to earn the
r ight to the boy’s inter ce ssion .”41

41 . S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -


r as ul wa dhawi s h-shar f (p. 96, 97). S akhawi narrat ed an
event on p.150, t hrough Abdul l ah bi n Has an: “ I visi t ed
Um ar bi n Abd-ul -Azi z i n connecti on wit h a need. He
as ked m e: ‘Whenever you are in need of an ything, s end
s om ebody to m e or sim pl y writ e t o m e. I feel as ham ed
before All ah that I fi nd you at m y door.’ ”
46 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

15. Whoever angers Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬


angers the Messenger of Allah (A)
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.42
‫ ﻓﻤﻥ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬:‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻨﻰ‬
M iswa r bin Makh ramah narr ate s that the Ho ly Prophet
(A) said, “ Fatimah is a p art of m e so who ever an ger s h er
an ger s me .”42

42 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1361#3510)


2 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1374#3556)
3 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1903#2449)
4 . Ibn Abi Shaybah narrat ed t his t raditi on i n al -Musann af
(6:388#32269 ) t h rough Ali.
5 . Abu Awanah, al -Mus nad (3: 70#4233)
6 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 361#29 54 )
7 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 404#1012 )
8 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:172#4747)
9 . Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi mathur al -khi tab (3: 14 5#43 89)
1 0. Ibn J awzi, Sif at -us-safwah (2: 7)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 47

16. The pleasure of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is


the pleasure of Allah (!)
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.43
. ‫ ﻭ ﻴﺭﻀﻰ ﻝﺭﻀﺎﻙ‬,‫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻴﻐﻀﺏ ﻝﻐﻀﺒﻙ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬na rrate s that the Holy Proph et (A) sa id
to Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ Indee d Allah be come s an gry
wh en yo u are an gry an d He is plea se d wh en yo u a re
p lea se d.”43

43 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:167#4730)


2. Abu Yal a, al -Mujam (p. 190#220)
3. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 363#29 59 )
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (1:108#182)
5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 401#1001 )
6. Dawl abi, az -Z urr i yah at -tahir ah (p.120#235)
7. Qazwini, at -T adwi n f i akhbar qazw in (3:11 )
8. Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 203) T ab aran i h as
narrat ed t hi s t raditi on wit h a hasan (fai r) chain o f
narrat ors.
9 . Ibn J awzi, T adhkir at -ul-khawas s (p. 279 )
1 0. Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa haba h (7: 21 9)
48 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

17. Whoever hurts Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬


hurts the Holy Prophet (A)
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.44
. ‫ ﻴﺅﺫﻴﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ ﺁﺫﺍﻫﺎ‬,‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬: ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
M iswa r bin Makhr amah narr ates that the Me ssen ge r of
Allah (A) sa id, “ Fatimah is a p art of m e. Wh atever h urts
he r h urts me. ”44

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﺯﺒﻴﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.45


‫ ﻴﺅﺫﻴﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ‬,‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﻴﻨﺼﺒﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﺼﺒﻬﺎ‬,‫ﺁﺫﺍﻫﺎ‬
Abdullah bin Z ubair n arr ates that the Me ssen ger of Allah
(A) sa id, “ Fatimah is a part of me . Whatev er h urts h er
h urt s me an d wh atever p ut s her in diff ic ulty p ut s me in
diffic ulty. ”45

44 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1903#2449)


2. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 97#8370)
3. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (10: 201)
4. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 361#29 55 )
5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 404#1010 )
6. Abu Nuaym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya
(2:40)
7. Andl usi, T uhfat -ul -muhtaj (2: 585#1795)
8. As qal ani, al -Is abah fi t amyiz as -s ahabah (8:56 )
9. Ibn J awzi, T adhkir at -ul-khawas s (p. 279 )
45 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi narrat ed t his has an (fai r) sahih (s ound )
t raditi on in al -Jami -us -s ahi h (5:698#3869).
2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (4: 5)
3. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 6#13 27)
4. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:173#4751)
5. M aqdasi, al -Ahadit h-ul -mukht arah (9:314, 31 5#27 4)
6. As qal ani, Fath -ul -bar i (9: 329)
7. S hawkani, Darr -us -s ahabah fi manaqib al -qar abah w as -
s ahabah (p.274)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 49

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺤﻨﻅﻠﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.46


.‫ ﻓﻤﻥ ﺁﺫﺍﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﺩ ﺁﺫﻨﻰ‬,‫ ﺇﻨﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Abu Hanza lah ( ) n arrate s that the M e ssen ger of Allah
(A) said, “ In de e d, Fatimah is a part of my bo dy.
Whoev er h urt s her h urts m e.”46

46 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 5#13 24)
2 . Ahmad bin Hambal has narrat ed it i n Fad ail -us -s ah abah
(2:756#1327) through Abdull ah bi n Zubayr as well.
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (4: 5)
4 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:173#4750)
5 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 362#29 57 )
6 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 405#1013 )
7 . B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-qubr a (10:201)
50 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

18. The enemy of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the


enemy of the Holy Prophet (A)
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺭﻗﻡ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.47
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻌﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺴﺎﻝﻤﺘﻡ‬,‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺤﺭﺏ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺤﺎﺭﺒﺘﻡ‬:‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬
Z aid bin Ar qam ( ) narr ate s that the Me ssen ge r of Allah
sa id to Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬, Fatim ah, Ha san an d Husain ( ), “ I
will fight a gain st whoever f ights a ga inst yo u an d I will
mak e pe ac e with whoev er m ake s p eac e with yo u.”47

‫ ﻋﻥ ﺯﻴﺩ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺭﻗﻡ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬.48


‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺤﺭﺏ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺤﺎﺭﺒﻜﻡ ﻭ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬
. ‫ﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺴﺎﻝﻤﻜﻡ‬
Z aid bin Ar qam ( ) narr ate s that the Me ssen ge r of Allah
(A) sa id to Fatim ah, Ha san an d Husain ( ), “ Whoever
f ights a gain st yo u, I will f ight a ga in st them an d I will
mak e pe ac e with whom ever yo u make pea ce. ”48

47 . 1 . Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:699#3870)


2. Ibn M aj ah, as -Sunan (1:52#145)
3. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:161#4714)
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:40#2619, 2620 )
5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (5:184#5030, 5 031)
6. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (5:182#5015)
7. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.62)
8. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 125)
9. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (10:432)
1 0. M i zzi, Tahdhi b-ul -kamal (13: 112)
48 . 1 . Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 434#6977)
2. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (3:179#2854)
3. T abarani, al -Mujam-us -saghir (2:53#767)
4. Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 169) T ab aran i h as
narrat ed it in al -Aw sat.
5. Hayt hami, Mawari d-uz -zaman (p. 555#2244 )
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 51

‫ ﻨﻅﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.49


‫ ﺃﻨﺎ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺇﻝ ﻰ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬
. ‫ﺤﺭﺏ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺤﺎﺭﺒﻜﻡ ﻭ ﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻤﻥ ﺴﺎﻝﻤﻜﻡ‬
Abu Hura irah ( ) narr ates that the Ho ly Prophet (A)
looke d at Ali, Fatim ah, Hasan an d Husa in an d sa id,
“ Whoever goe s to war a gain st yo u, I will de clare wa r on
h im. Whoeve r make s p eac e with yo u, I will make p ea ce
with him (i.e. whoev er is yo ur en emy is my enemy an d
who ever is yo ur fr ien d is my fr ien d) .”49

6. M ahami li, al-Amali (p. 447#532)


7. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa ha bah
49 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (2: 442)
2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 7#13 50)
3. Haki m graded it hasan (fai r) in al-Must ad ra k
(3:161#4713) whil e Dhahabi kept si l ent about i t.
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:40#2621)
5. Khat ib B aghdadi, Tar i kh Baghdad (7: 137)
6. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 122)
7. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (3: 257,258)
8. Hayt hami has s aid in Maj ma-uz -zaw aid (9: 16 9) t h at
Ah mad and T abarani have rel at ed it. All the t ransmi tt ers
are ri jal s ahi h (t rust wort hy) except fo r T alyi d b in
S ul aim an upon whom t here is a di fference o f o pin ion.
52 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

19. The enemy of the family of Fatimah


(‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is a hypocrite, cursed
and bound for Hell
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻝﺨﺩﺭﻱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.50
. ‫ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ ﻓﻬﻭ ﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬: ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Abu Sae e d Kh udri ( ) nar rate s that the Ho ly Prophet
(A) sa id, “ Whoever holds h atre d a gain st us the ‘peop le
of the ho use’ is a hypo crite .”50

‫ ﻻ ﻴﺤﺒﻨﺎ ﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ ﻭ ﻻ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺯﺭ ﻗﺎل‬.51


.‫ﻴﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ ﻤﺅﻤﻥ‬
Z irr n arrate s that Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬sa id, “ A hypocr ite doe s
not lov e us an d a believ er doe s not h ate us.”51

: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺠﺎﺒﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻻﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‬.52


! ‫ ﺃﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ‬:‫ﺨﻁﺒﻨﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
‫ ﻴﺎ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬. ‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ ﺤﺸﺭﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻴﻬﻭﺩﻴﺎ‬
‫ ﻭﺇ ﻥ‬:‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ! ﻭ ﺇﻥ ﺼﺎﻡ ﻭﺼﻠﻰ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
. ‫ﺼﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺼﻠﻰ‬
Ja bir bin Abdullah n arrate s that the Holy Proph et (A)
de liv ere d a sermon to us durin g which he (A) wa s
say in g, “ Whoever ho lds enmity a ga in st us the ‘peop le of
the ho use ’, on the Day o f Judgement h is fate will be that
of the Je ws.” I a sk e d, “ O Me ssen ge r of Allah (A), even

50 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 66 1#11 26)
2 . M uhibb Tabari, ar -Ri yadh-un-nadhrah fi man aqi b-il -
ashrah (1: 362)
3 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.51)
4 . S uyuti, ad-Durr -ul-mant hur fi t-tafsi r bi l-mathur (7:3 49)
51 . Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 372#32116 )
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 53

if he f ast s an d per form s praye r?” T he Ho ly Prophet (A)


r eplie d, “ Ye s! Even if he f ast s an d p erform s pray er
( beca use h e is the en emy o f the ‘peop le of the ho use’,
Allah ( !) will reject h is wor sh ip an d ra ise him on the Day
of Judgement with the Je ws) .”52

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺴﻌﻴﺩ ﺍﻝﺨﺩﺭﻱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.53


‫ ﻭﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻨﻔﺴﻲ ﺒﻴﺩﻩ! ﻻ ﻴﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ‬:‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﺇﻻ ﺃﺩﺨﻠﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬
Abu Sae e d Kh udri ( ) nar rate s that the Ho ly Prophet
(A) sa id, “ I swear by the Lor d in who se han ds my life is
in! Who ever ha s hatre d for us the ‘peop le of the ho use’,
Allah ( !) will sen d h im to Hell. ”53

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍ ﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.54


‫ ﻓﺼﻠﻰ ﻭ‬, ‫ ﻝﻭ ﺃ ﻥ ﺭﺠﻼ ﺼﻑ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﺭﻜ ﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺎﻡ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ ﺜﻡ ﻝﻘﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻤﺒﻐﺽ ﻷﻫل ﺒﻴﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺩﺨل ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬,‫ﺼﺎﻡ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ) n arr ates th at the M e ssen ger of
Allah (!) sa id, “ Even if any bo dy perfo rms pray er
bet ween Rukn Yamani an d Maqam Ib rah im an d he ( also)
f ast s, he then die s, hav in g hatre d for the ahl-u l-ba it (the
peop le o f the ho use) of M uhamma d, he will go to the
Fir e.”54

52 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:212#4002)


2. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:172)
3. J urj ani, Tari kh Jurj an (p.369)
53 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:162#4717)
2. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 435#6978)
3. Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 123)
4. Haki m graded it s ahi h (sound) accordi ng t o the
conditi ons of Im am B ukhari and Im am Muslim.
54 . 1 . M uhibb T ab ari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.51)
2 . F as wi, al -Marif ah w at -t ar ikh (1:5 05)
54 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺒﻥ ﺤﺩﻴﺞ‬.55


‫ ﻓﺈ ﻥ‬,‫ ﻴﺎ ﻤﻌﺎﻭﻴﺔ ﺒﻥ ﺤﺩﻴﺞ ! ﺇﻴﺎﻙ ﻭ ﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ‬: ‫ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻪ‬,‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬
‫ ﻻ ﻴﺒﻐﻀﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻻ ﻴﺤﺴﺩﻨﺎ ﺃﺤﺩ‬:‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل‬
. ‫ﺇﻻ ﺫﻴﺩ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﺤﻭﺽ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﺒﺴﻴﺎﻁ ﻤﻥ ﻨﺎﺭ‬
M ua wiyah bin Hudee j na rrate s that Hasan bin Ali ( )
sa id, “ Oh M ua wiyah bin Hudee j! Refr ain from hav in g
hatre d a gain st us bec a use the Me ssen ge r of Allah (A)
sa id, ‘T here is not a sin gle p er son who h a s h atre d an d
jea lo usy for us, who will not be wh ippe d a way by fir e at
the Kau the r (Pon d) on the Day of Judgem ent.’”55

55 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (3:39#2405)


2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:81#2726)
‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah‬‬ ‫‪55‬‬

‫‪) beholder of the‬ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ( ‪20. Fatimah‬‬


‫)‪secret of the Messenger of Allah (A‬‬
‫‪ .56‬ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‪ :‬ﺍﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‪ ,‬ﻓﻠﻡ ﻴﻐﺎﺩﺭ ﻤﻨﻬﻥ ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‪ ,‬ﻓﺠﺎﺀﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺘﻤﺸﻲ‬
‫ﻜﺄﻥ ﻤﺸﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻤﺸﻴﺔ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﺎل ‪:‬‬
‫ﻤﺭﺤﺒﺎ ﺒﺎﺒﻨﺘﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﺄﺠﻠﺴﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﻴﻤﻴﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻥ ﺸﻤﺎﻝﻪ’ ﺜﻡ ﺇﻨﻪ ﺍ ﺴﺭ‬
‫ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﺩﻴﺜﺎ ﻓﺒﻜﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‪ ,‬ﺜﻡ ﺍﻨﻪ ﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﺃﻴﻀﺎ ‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬
‫ﻝﻬﺎ ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﻴﺒﻜﻴ ﻙ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﻜﻨﺕ ﻷﻓﺸﻲ ﺴﺭ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻠﺕ ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﻜﺎﻝﻴﻭﻡ ﻓﺭﺤﺎ ﺃﻗﺭﺏ ﻤﻥ ﺤﺯ ﻥ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬
‫ﻝﻬﺎ ﺤﻴﻥ ﺒﻜﺕ ‪ :‬ﺃﺨﺼﻙ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺒﺤﺩﻴﺜﻪ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻨﻨﺎ ﺜﻡ ﺘﺒﻜﻴﻥ؟ ﻭﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‪ :‬ﻤﺎ ﻜﻨﺕ ﻷﻓﺸﻰ‪ ‬ﺴﺭ‬
‫ﺭ ﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‪ .‬ﺤﺘﻰ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺒﺽ ﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻨﻪ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺤﺩﺜﻨﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺠﺒﺭﻴل ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻌﺎﺭﻀﻪ ﺒﺎﻝﻘﺭﺁﻥ ﻜل ﻋﺎﻡ ﻤﺭﺓ‪ ,‬ﻭ‬
‫ﺇﻨﻪ ﻋﺎﺭﻀﻪ ﺒﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻌﺎﻡ ﻤﺭﺘﻴﻥ‪ ,‬ﻭﻻ ﺃﺭﺍﻨﻲ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺩ ﺤﻀﺭ ﺃﺠﻠﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻭ‬
‫ﺇﻨﻙ ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫﻠﻲ ﻝﺤﻭﻗﺎ ﺒﻲ ‪ ,‬ﻭﻨﻌﻡ ﺍﻝﺴﻠﻑ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻝﻙ ‪ .‬ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ ﻝﺫﻝﻙ ‪ .‬ﺜﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻨﻪ ﺴﺎﺭﻨﻲ‪ ,‬ﻓﻘﺎل‪ :‬ﺃﻻ ﺘﺭﻀﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻜﻭﻨى ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‪,‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺩﺓ ﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‪.‬ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﻝﺫﻝﻙ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ) nar rate s, “ All the wive s of the Ho ly‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ( ‪Ay e shah‬‬
‫‪Prophet (A) we re pre sent an d no on e wa s a bsent when‬‬
‫‪) , who se way o f walk in g was just like‬ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ( ‪Fatim ah‬‬
‫)‪the Holy Prophet (A), cam e. T he Ho ly Prophet (A‬‬
‫‪sa id, ‘ we lcom e my da ughter’ an d seate d her on his r ight or‬‬
‫‪left side. T hen he quietly wh isper e d somethin g into h er‬‬
‫‪e ar bec a use of wh ich Fatimah starte d to c ry. T he Ho ly‬‬
‫‪Prophet (A) a ga in wh isp ere d somethin g into her e ar‬‬
‫‪ ),‬ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ ( ‪upon wh ich sh e then la ughe d. I a ske d he r‬‬
56 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‘What ma de yo u cry ?’ She r eplie d, ‘I will not disclo se the


se cret of the Me ssen ger of Allah (A).’ I said, ‘I h ave
nev er seen h appin ess so c lo se to sa dne ss a s wa s th e c a se
to day.’ T hen I said, ‘T he Me ssen ger o f Allah (A) sa id
somethin g to yo u spe cific ally witho ut te llin g us yet yo u
a re cryin g. ’ I ask e d Fatim ah, ‘What did the Holy Prophet
(A) say?’ Fatimah rep lie d, ‘ I c annot disc lose the secret
of the Me ssen ger of Allah (A).’ When the Ho ly Prophet
(A) pa sse d a way, I a ske d h er a gain an d she rep lie d, ‘T he
Ho ly Proph et (A) whispe re d to m e that ev ery ye ar
Jibrae el rec ite d the Quran with h im on ce but this y ear he
ha s r ec ited it with him t wice . ( Sh e said that the Prophet
(A) said) I am sure that the t ime of my pa ssin g a way is
ne ar an d in de e d yo u a re the f ir st from my fam ily who will
me et m e an d I am the be st for er unner for yo u. T o this I
c rie d. T hen the Ho ly Proph et (A) whispe re d, ‘ Are yo u
not happy with the fa ct that yo u are th e lea der of all
M uslim wo men or the le a der of the wom en o f th is ummah
(n ation).’ T o this I la ugh e d.’ ”56

‫ ﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.57


‫ ﻓﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺒﺸﻲﺀ‬,‫ﺸ ﹾﻜﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻗﺒﺽ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﹶ‬
, ‫ ﻓﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ ﺫﻝﻙ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﺜﻡ ﺩﻋﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬,‫ﻓﺒﻜﺕ‬
‫ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻴﻘﺒﺽ‬:‫ ﺴﺎﺭﻨﻲ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺄﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‬

56 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1905,1906#2450)


2. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (5: 2317#5928)
3. Ibn M aj ah, as -Sunan (1:518#1621)
4. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (4: 251#7078)
5. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 96, 146#8368, 8516, 8517 )
6. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77#263)
7. Nas ai, K itab-ul-waf at (p. 20#2)
8. Ahmad bi n Ham bal, Fadail -us -s ahab ah (2 :7 62,
763#1343)
9 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 368#29 68 )
1 0. Ibn R ahawayh, al -Mus nad (1: 6,7#5)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 57

‫ ﺃﻨﻲ ﺃﻭل‬:‫ ﺜﻡ ﺴﺎﺭﻨﻲ ﻓﺄﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬,‫ ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ‬,‫ﻌﻪ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﺘﻭﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻓﻲ ﻭ‬


. ‫ ﺃﺘﺒﻌﻪ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬,‫ﺃﻫل ﺒﻴﺘﻪ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬nar rate s, “ Dur in g his illne ss in wh ich
he pa sse d a way the Ho ly Prophet (A) c alle d for Fat imah
an d whispe re d somethin g to h er. Upon this she be gan to
c ry. T hen h e (A) c alle d h er nea rer an d whispe re d
somethin g to h er an d sh e la ugh e d.” Aye shah (‫) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬
then says, “ I ask e d Fatimah re ga r din g that in cident an d
Fatim ah said, ‘T he Holy Prophet (A) sa id into my e ar
that He (A) wo uld pa ss a way due to this illne ss. T hus I
be gan to c ry. T hen he (A) wh isp ere d an d told m e that
from th e ‘peop le o f the ho use’ I will be the f ir st to come
a fter him. T o this I la ughe d.’”57

‫ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻤﻊ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.58


‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻴﺕ ﻴﻼﻋﺒﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺃﻻﻋﺒﻪ ﺇﺫ ﺩﺨﻠﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ ﻓﺄﺨﺫ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺒﻴﺩﻫﺎ ﻓﺄﻗﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬,‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
, ‫ ﻓﻨﻅﺭﺕ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺘﺒﻜﻰ‬, ‫ﺨﻠﻔﻪ ﻭ ﻨﺎﺠﺎﻫﺎ ﺒﺸﻲﺀ ﻻ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ‬
,‫ﺜﻡ ﺃﻗﺒل ﺇﻝﻲ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺤﺩﺜﻨﻰ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺒﻨﻰ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺃﻗﺒل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻼﻋﺒﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻨﺎﺠﺎﻫﺎ ﺒﺸﻲﺀ ﻓﻨﻅﺭﺕ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ ﻓﻘﻠﺕ‬,‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻡ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺨﺭﺝ‬,‫ﻫﻲ ﺘﻀﺤﻙ‬
‫ ﻤﺎ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻨﺎﺠﺎﻙ ﺒﻪ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ؟‬:‫ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬

57 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1361#3511)


2. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1327#3427)
3. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (4: 1612#4170)
4. M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1904#2450)
5. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (p. 77#296)
6. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (6: 77)
7. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 4#13 22)
8. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 404#6954)
9. Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (12:122#6755)
1 0. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 420#1036 )
58 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻝﻴﺱ ﻜﻼﻤﺎ ﺃﺴﺭ ﺇﻝﻲ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬: ‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬


‫ ﺃﻨﻪ‬:‫ ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﺃﺫﻜﺭﻙ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻡ‬:‫ ﻗﻠﺕ‬,‫ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻙ ﺒﻪ‬
‫ ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ ﻝﻔﺭﺍﻕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬, ‫ﻤﻘﺒﻭﺽ ﻗﺩ ﺤﻀﺭ ﺃﺠﻠﻪ‬
’‫ ﺃﻨﻲ ﺃﻭل ﻤﻥ ﻴﻠﺤﻕ ﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻫل ﺒﻴﺘﻪ‬: ‫ ﺜﻡ ﺃﻗﺒل ﺇﻝﻲ ﻓﻨﺎﺠﺎﻨﻲ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﻝﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬n arrate s, “ I wa s at home with the
M essen ger of Allah (A) an d we were in a h umoro us
moo d with ea ch other when Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬c ame in.
T he Ho ly Prophet (A) took ho ld of h er han d an d seate d
he r beh in d h im an d wh isper e d somethin g to h er. I do not
kno w what wa s wh isp ere d. T hen I looke d at Fat imah
(‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬an d she wa s c ryin g. T hen the Holy Prophet
(A) t urne d his attention to me an d he talk e d an d joke d
with me . T he Ho ly Prophet (A) then t urne d to war ds
Fatim ah, joke d with her an d whisp ere d som ethin g to h er.
When I looke d at Fatimah I notice d that she (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬
wa s la ughin g. When the Holy Prophet (A) got up an d
we nt o ut side, I a ske d Fatim ah, ‘What did the M essen ger
of Allah (A) whispe r to yo u?’ She rep lie d, ‘Wh atever
the M essen ger of Allah (A) wh isper e d to m e, I will not
tell yo u a bo ut it.’ I sa id, ‘ For the sake of Allah an d my
c lo se re lation to yo u (p le ase te ll me) .’ T hen she sa id, ‘T he
M essen ger of Allah (A) told me that the tim e of his
pa ssin g a way ha s come ne ar. T he ve ry thought of
sep aration from the Me ssen ge r of Allah (A) m a de me
c ry. T hen he (A) t urne d to me an d whisper e d that from
the ‘peop le of the ho use’ I will be the f ir st who will meet
h im a gain. In ant ic ipation of me etin g him , I la ugh e d.’ ”58

58 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 420#1035 )


Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 59

21. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the fruitful branch


of the tree of Prophethood
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.59
‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺸﺠﻨﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ ﻴﺒﺴﻁﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ ﺒﺴﻁﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻴﻘﺒﻀﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻗﺒﻀﻬﺎ‬
M iswa r ( ) na rrate s that the Me ssen ger o f Allah (A)
sa id, “ Fatimah is my fr uitf ul branch , I am ple a se d with
wh at p lea se s her an d I am tro uble d by whatev er trouble s
he r.”59

‫ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬, ‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺸﺠﺭﺓ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺭﻓﻌﻪ‬.60


‫ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺒﻭﻥ‬,‫ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺜﻤﺭﻫﺎ‬,‫ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻝﻘﺎﺤﻬﺎ‬, ‫ﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ ﻭﺭﻗﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﺤﻘـﺎﹰ ﺤﻘـﺎﹰ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ) n arrate s this ma rfu tr a dition in
wh ich the Holy Proph et (A) sa id, “ I am a tree, Fat imah
is its bran ch, Ali is its f lo we r, Ha san an d Husa in are its
fr uit an d the lov er s of the ‘peop le o f the ho use ’ ar e its
leav es. All of th em will be in Pa ra dise. T his is the tr uth,
this is the tr uth.”60

59 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (4: 332)


2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 5#13 47)
3. Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:168#4734)
4. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 362#29 56 )
5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (20: 25#30)
6. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 405#1014 )
7. Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 203) T ab aran i h as
rel at ed it. Umm B akr bi nt M is war has b een n either
crit i cis ed nor decl ared reli abl e. The rest o f the n arrat ors
of the t raditi on have been decl ared t hi qah (t rus twort hy ).
8 . Dhahabi, Si yar alam an-nubal a (2: 132)
60 . 1 . Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi ma thur al -khi tab (1: 52 #1 35)
2 . S akhawi, Ist ijl ab irt iqa al -ghur af bi hubb a qri ba ar -ras ul
w a dhaw i s -s harf (p. 99)
60 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

22. The Prophet (A) himself is a witness


to the chastity and honour o f
Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﺇ ﻥ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎل‬.61
. ‫ ﻓﺤﺭﻡ ﺍﷲ ﺫﺭﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺭ‬, ‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺃﺤﺼﻨﺕ ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ‬
Abdullah bin M a sud ( ) narr ates th at the Ho ly Prophet
(A) sa id, “ Fatimah h a s protecte d her hono ur an d p urity
in such a way that Allah ( !) ha s for bidden th e Fir e for h er
ch ildren. ”61

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺭﻀﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.62


‫ ﺇﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺤﺼﻨﺕ ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺯﻭﺠل ﺃﺩﺨﻠﻬﺎ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﺒﺈﺤﺼﺎﻥ ﻓﺭﺠﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺫﺭﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬
Abdullah ( ) n arrate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id,
“ Fatimah h as protecte d her hono ur an d cha stity in such a
wa y that Allah ( !) ha s entere d h er an d he r fam ily into
Par a dise bec a use o f he r protect in g he r hono ur an d
ch a stity.”62

61 . 1 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (5: 223#1829)


2 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:165#4726)
3 . Abu Nuaym, Hi l yat -ul -aw li ya wa t ab aqat -ul -asf i ya
(4:188)
4 . Dhahabi decl ared i t as a mar fu hadit h in Mi zan-ul -i tidal
f i naqd ar -rij al (5:261) t hrough Abdull ah bin M asud.
5 . M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (2:462)
62 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:41#2625)
2 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:202)
3 . M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (2:463)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 61

23. Allah (!) ordained the marriage of


Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬to Ali (‫)ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‬
‫ ﻋﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍ ﷲ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺴﻌﻭﺩ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.63
‫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻤﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺯﻭﺝ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
.‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬
Abdullah bin M a sud ( ) narr ates th at the Ho ly Prophet
(A) said, “ Allah ( !) ha s or dere d m e to arr an ge
Fatim ah’s (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬mar ria ge with Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‬.”63

‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻨﺱ! ﺃﺘﺩﺭﻯ ﻤﺎ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬.64


‫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻤﺭﻨﻲ ﺃ ﻥ‬: ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻨﻰ ﺒﻪ ﺠﺒﺭﻴل ﻤﻥ ﺼﺎﺤﺏ ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺵ؟ ﻗﺎل‬
. ‫ﺃﺯﻭﺝ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ‬
T he Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id, “ Oh An s! Do yo u kno w
wh at m e ssa ge Jibrae el h as bro ught f rom the Own er of the
T hrone? ” T hen he (A) sa id, “ Allah ( !) ha s or dere d me
to arr an ge Fatim ah’s (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬mar ria ge with Ali
( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬.”64

63 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (10: 156#1030 5)


2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 407#1020 )
3 . Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 204) T ab aran i h as
t ransmi tt ed it and i ts narrat ors are thiqah (t rust worthy ).
4 . Hal abi, al -K as hf -ul -hasi s (1: 174)
5 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (#32891,32929)
6 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (13: 681,682#37753)
7 . Ibn J awzi has transm itt ed it i n T adhki rat -ul -khawa ss
(p. 276) through Hadrat Abdull ah bi n B urayd ah.
8 . Hus aini s aid i n al -Bayan w at -tarif (1:174#4 55) t hat both
Ibn As akir and Khati b B aghdadi rel at ed it t hro ugh Anas
bin M ali k.
9 . M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (2:215)
64 . 1 . Hus aini s aid i n al -Bayan w at -tarif (2:3 01 #180 3) t hat
Qazwini, Khatib B aghdadi and Ibn As ak ir have
t ransmi tt ed it t hrough Ans bi n M ali k.
62 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

24. Fatimah’s (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬marriage ceremony


at the Upper Heavens with the participation
of forty thousand angels
‫ ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻨﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.65
‫ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺠﺒﺭﻴل ﻴﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﺇﺫ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻌﻠﻲ‬, ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬
,‫ ﻭ ﺃﺸﻬﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺠﻙ ﺃﺭﺒﻌﻴﻥ ﺃﻝﻑ ﻤﻠﻙ‬,‫ﻋﺯﻭﺠل ﺯﻭﺠﻙ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
, ‫ﻭ ﺃﻭﺤﻰ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺸﺠﺭﺓ ﻁﻭﺒﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻨﺜﺭ ﻯ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻝﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻴﺎﻗﻭﺕ‬
‫ ﻓﺎﺒﺘﺩﺭﺕ ﺇﻝﻴﻪ ﺍﻝﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻝﻌﻴ ﻥ ﻴﻠﺘﻘﻁﻥ‬,‫ﻓﻨﺜﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ ﺍﻝﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻴﺎﻗﻭﺕ‬
.‫ ﻓﻬﻡ ﻴﺘﻬﺎﺩﻭﻨﻪ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬, ‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻁﺒﺎﻕ ﺍﻝﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻴﺎﻗﻭﺕ‬
An s bin M alik ( ) n arrate s that wh en the Me ssen ger of
Allah (A) wa s in the mo sque , h e sa id to Ali ( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬,
“ T his is Jibra eel who is te llin g me that Allah ( !) ha s
pe rforme d yo ur m arria ge cer emony to Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬
in the pre sen ce of forty tho usan d an ge ls a s witnesses to
the m arr ia ge ce remony. He ( !) sa id to the tre e of tuba
( ble ssin g) to ra in p ear ls an d r ubie s on th em. T he tr ee
sho were d th em with pe arls an d r ubies. T hen women with
be a utif ul eye s gathere d the pe arls an d r ubie s in tray s
wh ich the an ge ls (pre sent in the cer emony) will p re sent to
e ach other a s gifts unt il the Day of Judgem ent.”65

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.66


‫ ﻴﺎ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ! ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺘﻌﺎﻝﻰ ﻴﻘﺭﺃ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬, ‫ ﺃﺘﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻠﻙ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬

2 . M uhibb T ab ari, Dh akhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dh aw -il -


qur ba (p.71)
65 . 1 . M uhibb T ab ari s aid in ar -Riyad-un-nadr ah fi manaqib
al -ashr ah (3: 146) Mull a rel at ed it i n as-Si ra h.
2 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.72)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 63

‫ ﺇﻨﻲ ﻗﺩ ﺯﻭﺠﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻙ ﻤﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ‬:‫ ﻭ ﻴﻘﻭل ﻝﻙ‬,‫ﺍﻝﺴﻼﻡ‬


. ‫ ﻓﺯﻭﺠﻬﺎ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬,‫ﻁﺎﻝﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﻸ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬nar rate s that the Me ssen ger o f Allah (A)
sa id, “ An an gel came to me an d sa id: Oh M uhamm a d,
Allah ( !) sen ds pe ac e upon yo u an d says, ‘ I h ave ha d
yo ur da ughter marr ie d to Ali bin Abu T a lib in th e Upp er
Heav ens an d no w yo u a lso arran ge the mar ria ge ce remony
of Fat imah with Ali on e arth.’”66

66 . M uhibb T ab ari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -


qur ba (p.72)
64 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

25. Prayers of the Holy Prophet (A) for


Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬and her descendants
‫ ﺩﻋﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻨﺱ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺎﻝﻙ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.67
‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻡ!َ ﺇﻨﻲ ﺃﻋﻴﺫﻫﺎ ﺒﻙ ﻭ ﺫﺭﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺸﻴﻁﻥ ﺍﻝﺭﺠﻴﻡ‬
An s bin Ma lik ( ) narr ate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A)
pe rforme d a spec ia l p rayer for Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ Oh
Allah! I seek yo ur prote ction fo r her an d h er children from
the r ejecte d Dev il. ”67

‫ ﻴﺎ‬: ‫ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻜﺎ ﻥ ﻝﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻝﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻗﺎل‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﺭﻴﺩﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.68


‫ ﻓﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬,‫ﻋﻠﻲ! ﻻ ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﺸﻴﺌﺎ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﻠﻘﺎﻨﻰ‬
‫ ﺍﻝﻠﻬﻡ! ﺒﺎﺭ ﻙ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺒﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﺘﻭﻀﺄ ﻤﻨﻪ ﺜﻡ ﺃﻓﺭﻏﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠ ﻲ‬
. ‫ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻝﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺸﺒﻠﻬﻤﺎ‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻝﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﻰ ﻨﺴﻠﻬﻤﺎ‬:‫ﻭ ﻓﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
Bura idah ( ) n arrate s that the Ho ly Proph et (A) , on the
n ight of Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬an d Fatim ah’ s (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬
we ddin g, said to Ali ( ‫) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬, “ Do not do anythin g
witho ut con sult in g m e.” T hen he (A) a sk e d for water
an d p erforme d a blution . He (A) then sprink le d the
r ema inin g wate r on Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬an d sa id, “ Oh Allah!

67 . 1 . Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 394,395#6944)


2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 409#1021 )
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal rel at ed it i n Fad ail -us -s ah abah
(2:762# 1342) t hrough As ma daught er of Um ays wit h a
s light di fferen ce of words.
4 . Hayt hami, Mawari d-uz -zaman (p. 549,551#222 5)
5 . Ibn J awzi rel at ed it bri efl y i n T adhki rat -ul -khawa ss
(p. 277)
6 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.67)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 65

Ble ss the ir r elationsh ip, sho wer them with blessin gs an d


ble ss both of them r e gar din g the ir ch ildren. ”
In another na rration a lso n arr ated by Bura idah ( ) the
wo r ds are : “ Ble ss both of them re gar din g the ir com in g
gen eration s. ”68

68 . 1 . Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (2: 76#10088)


2. Nas ai, Amal -ul -yaw m w al -l aylah (p. 253#25 8)
3. R uyani, al-Mus anad (1:77#35)
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (2:20#1153)
5. Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa haba h (7: 21 7)
6. Ibn S ad, at -T abaqat -ul -kubra (8:21)
7. Hayt hami s aid in Majma-uz-zawai d (9: 20 9 ) B azzar and
T abarani rel at ed it.
8 . As qal ani s ai d i n al-Isabah fi tamyiz as -sa habah (8: 56)
Dawl abi has narrat ed t he t radi tion with a s ound chain o f
narrat ors.
9 . Dawl abi, az -Z urr i yah at -tahir ah (p.65#94)
1 0. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.74)
66 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

26. Ali (‫ )ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‬was not allowed to


marry again during the lifetime
of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺴﻤﻊ‬,‫ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺤﺩﺜﻪ‬.69
‫ ﺇﻥ ﺒﻨﻲ‬:‫ ﻭﻫﻭ ﻴﻘﻭل‬, ‫ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺒﺭ‬
‫ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻐﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﺴﺘﺄﺫﻨﻭﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻨﻜﺤﻭﺍ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻬﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ‬
‫ ﻭﻗﺎل‬.... .‫ ﺜﻡ ﻻ ﺁﺫﻥ ﻝﻬﻡ‬, ‫ ﺜﻡ ﻻ ﺁﺫﻥ ﻝﻬﻡ‬,‫ ﻓﻼ ﺁﺫﻥ ﻝﻬﻡ‬,‫ﻁﺎﻝﺏ‬
‫ ﻴﺭﻴﺒﻨﻰ ﻤﺎ ﺭﺍﺒﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺈﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻰ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬: ‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻭ ﻴﺅﺫﻴﻨﻲ ﻤﺎ ﺁﺫﺍﻫﺎ‬
M iswa r bin Makhr amah nar rate s that h e h ear d the
M essen ger o f Allah (A) say on the p ulpit, “ Ban u
Ha shim bin M ughir ah hav e so ught my p ermission for Ali
to ma rry the ir da ughte r. I do not pe rmit them, a gain I do
not p ermit them an d a ga in I do not p ermit them.” … T he
Ho ly Prophet (A) then sa id, “ My da ughter is a pa rt of
me , whatev er dist ur bs h er dist ur bs me an d whatever give s
he r pa in give s me pa in.”69

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﻭﺭ ﺒﻥ ﻤﺨﺭﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل‬.70


‫ ﻭﺇﻨﻲ ﺃﻜﺭﻩ ﺃﻥ‬,‫ ﺇﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻀﻌﺔ ﻤﻨﻰ‬:‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬

69 . 1 . M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1902#2449)


2. Ti rmi dhi, al -Jami-us -sahih (5:698#3867)
3. Abu Dawud, as -Sunan (2:226#2071)
4. Ibn M aj ah, as -Sunan (1:643#1998)
5. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 147#8518)
6. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (4: 328)
7. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 6#13 28)
8. Abu Awanah, al -Mus nad (3: 69, 70#4231)
9. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (7:307)
1 0. B ayhaqi, as -Sunan-ul-kubra (10: 288)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 67

‫ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻻ ﺘﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺒﻨ ﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻭ‬,‫ﻴﺴﻭﺀﻫﺎ‬


. ‫ﺒﻨﺕ ﻋﺩﻭ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺭﺠل ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬
M iswa r bin Makhr amah ( ) narr ates that the Ho ly
Prophet (A) sa id, “ Fatimah is a pa rt of m e an d I do not
like anyon e mak in g he r sa d. I swear by Allah, the
da ughter o f the Me ssen ger o f Allah (A) an d the
da ughter of the en emy of Allah cannot be to gether with
one man. ”70

70 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1364#3523)


2. M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1903#2448)
3. Ibn M aj ah, as -Sunan (1:644#1999)
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 9#13 35)
5. Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 407,408, 535#6956, 69 57, 7060 )
6. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (20: 18, 19#18,1 9)
7. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 405#1013 )
8. T abarani, al -Mujam-us -saghir (2:73#804)
9. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:203)
1 0. Dawl abi, az -Z urr i yah at -tahir ah (p.47,48#56)
68 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

27. Fatimah’s sons the inheritors of the


attributes of the Prophet (A)
‫ ﻋﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺘﺕ‬.71
‫ﺒﺎﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﺸﻜﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﺘﻭﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ ﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻓﻠﻪ ﻫﻴﺒﺘﻰ ﻭ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ! ﻫﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﺒﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﻭﺭﺜﻬﻤﺎ ﺸﻴﺌﺎ‬
. ‫ﺴﺅﺩﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺃﻤﺎ ﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺠﺭﺃﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺠﻭﺩﻯ‬
Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬the da ughter of the Me ssen ger of
Allah (A) nar rate s that she took Husain an d Ha san to the
Ho ly Prophet (A) dur in g h is illn ess in which he pa sse d
a way an d said, “ Oh M essen ger of Allah (A)! T he se t wo
a re yo ur son s so make them inh eritor s of so methin g. ” T he
Ho ly Prophet (A) said, “ For Ha san is my overpo wer in g
pe rson ality an d le a der sh ip an d for Husa in is my co ur a ge
an d gene rosity.”71

71 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 423#1041 )


2 . T abarani narrat ed it in al-Muj am-ul -aw sa t (6 :222, 223#
6245) t hrough Abu R afi.
3 . S haybani, al -Aahad-w al -mathani (1:299#408)
4 . S haybani, al -Aahad-w al -mathani (5:370#2971 )
5 . Hayt hami s aid i n Maj ma-uz -z awai d (9: 185) T ab aran i h as
narrat ed i t. Furt her he com m ent ed t hat he d id not kno w
i ts narrat ors.
6 . As qal ani, al -Is abah fi t amyiz as -s ahabah (7:674 )
7 . As qal ani, Tahdhid-ut -t ahdhi d (2: 299)
8 . M i zzi, Tahdhi b-ul -kamal (6:400)
9 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 117#34272)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 69

28. The children of Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬are


the children of the Prophet (A)
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺍﻝﺯﻫﺭﺍﺀ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.72
‫ ﻜل ﺒﻨﻰ ﺃﻡ ﻴﻨﺘﻤﻭﻥ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻋﺼﺒﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻝﺩ‬:‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ ﻭ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺘﻬﻡ‬,‫ ﻓﺄﻨﺎ ﻭﻝﻴﻬﻡ‬,‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
Fatim ah a z-Z ahra (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s that the Ho ly
Prophet (A) said, “ T he line a ge of every mother’ s
ch ildren is attribute d to their fathe r except for Fatimah’ s
ch ildren. So I am their guar dian an d I am their line a ge. ”72

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.73


‫ ﻜل ﺒﻨﻰ ﺃﻨﺜﻰ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺘﻬﻡ ﻷﺒﻴﻬﻡ ﻤﺎ ﺨﻼ ﻭﻝﺩ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
. ‫ ﻓﺈﻨﻲ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺘﻬﻡ ﻭ ﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﺒﻭﻫﻡ‬,‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
Umar ( ) narr ates, "I he ar d the Ho ly Prophet (A) say,
'T he f amily tree of the ch ildren of ev ery wom an is
attribute d to the ir father ex cept for Fatimah’ s ch ildr en. I
am their fam ily an d I am the ir f ather. '”73

72 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44#2632)


2. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 423#1042 )
3. Abu Yal a, al -Musnad (12:109#6741)
4. Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi ma thur al -khi tab (3: 26 4# 4787 )
5. Khat ib B agh dadi’ s book T ari kh Baghdad (11:2 85)
cont ai ns the words “ abu hum” i ns tead of “ wall u hu m”.
6. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (4:224)
7. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:172, 173)
8. M i zzi, Tahdhi b-ul -kamal (19: 483)
9. Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 116#34266)
1 0. S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -
r as ul w a dhaw i s -s harf (p. 129)
73 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44#2631)
2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 62 6#10 70)
3. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (4:224)
4. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (6:301)
70 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺠﺎﺒﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.74


, ‫ ﻝﻜل ﺒﻨﻰ ﺃﻡ ﻋﺼﺒﺔ ﻴﻨﺘﻤﻭﻥ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﻡ ﺇﻻ ﺍﺒﻨﻰ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻓﺄﻨﺎ ﻭﻝﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻭ ﻋﺼﺒﺘﻬﻤﺎ‬
Ja bir bin Abdullah ( ) n arrate s th at the Ho ly Prophet
(A) sa id, “ It is the fathe r that eve ry woman’ s ch ildren
a re attribute d to, exc ept for Fatim ah’ s son s. I a m the ir
gua r dian an d I am the ir lin ea ge.”74

5 . S akhawi copi ed i t from T abarani i n Iti jlab i rti qa al -


ghuraf bi -hubb aqri ba ar-rasul w a dhawi s -s ha rf (p.127 )
and decl ared t he chai n of narrat ors t hi qah (t rus two rt hy ).
6 . Hus aini, al -Ba yan w at -t ari f (2: 144#1314)
7 . S hawkani, N ayl -ul-awt ar s harh Munta qa al-khbar
(6:139)
8 . M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (5:17)
74 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:179#4770)
2 . S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -
r as ul w a dhaw i s -s harf (p. 130)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 71

29. On the Day of Judgement all family


ties will be broken except for those
of Fatimah ( !"$& '‫*م ا‬+)
‫ ﺇﻨﻲ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺎﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.75
‫ ﻜل ﻨﺴﺏ ﻭ ﺴﺒﺏ ﻴﻨﻘﻁﻊ ﻴﻭﻡ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
. ‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺴﺒﺒﻰ ﻭ ﻨﺴﺒﻰ‬
Umar bin Khatta b ( ) state s, "I he ar d the Me ssen ger of
the Allah (A) say, 'Ex cept for my fam ily an d my
r elat ionsh ip, every fam ily an d re lation sh ip will be broken
on the Day of Judgem ent.'”75

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﺯﺒﻴﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.76


‫ ﻜل ﻨﺴﺏ ﻭ ﺼﻬﺭ ﻤﻨﻘﻁﻊ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﺇﻻ ﻨﺴﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺼﻬﺭﻯ‬
Abdullah bin Z ubair n arr ates that the Me ssen ger of Allah
sa id, “ On the Day of Judgement ev ery fam ily an d
r elat ionsh ip will come to an en d except for my f amily an d
r elat ionsh ip. ”76

75 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:153#4684)


2 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :625, 626#
1069, 1070)
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal narrat ed it i n Fad ail -us -s ah abah
(2:758#1333) through M is war bi n M akhram ah as well.
4 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (1: 397#274)
5 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44,45#2633, 26 34)
6 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (5:376#5606)
7 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (6:357#6609)
8 . Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaus bi mathur al -khitab (3:2 55#4 75 5)
9 . M aqdasi, al -Ahadit h-ul -mukht arah (1:198#102)
1 0. Hayt hami s ai d i n Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9: 173) T abarani
narrat ed it i n al -Aws at and al -Kabir and i ts ch ain o f
t ransmi tt ers i s t hiqah (trus tworthy).
76 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (4:257#4132)
72 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬.77


‫ ﻜل ﺴﺒﺏ ﻭﻨﺴﺏ ﻤﻨﻘﻁﻊ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺴﺒﺒﻰ ﻭ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ﻨﺴﺒﻰ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s n arrate s th at the M essen ger o f Allah
(A) sa id, “ Exc ept for my f amily an d my re lation sh ip,
ev ery f amily an d r elation ship will com e to an en d on the
Day of Judgement.”77

2 . T abarani narrat ed it in al-Muj am-ul -kabir (1 1: 24 3#


11621) wi th di fferent words t hrough Abdull ah bin Ab bas.
3 . T abarani has als o narrat ed it in al -Muja m-ul -kabir
(20: 27#33) through M is war bi n M akhram ah.
4 . Khil al decl ared t he t radit ion narrat ed by M is war bin
M akhram ah as hasan (fair) in his bo ok as -Sunn ah
(2:433#655).
5 . Khat ib B aghdadi rel at ed it in T ari kh Bag hdad (1 0:2 71)
t hroug h Abdull ah bin Abbas.
6 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (10: 17)
7 . As qal ani, Tal khis -ul -Hubayr (3: 143#1477)
77 . 1 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (11: 243#1162 1)
2 . Hayt hami s ai d i n Majma-uz -zawai d (9:173 ) th at T abarani
rel at ed it and i ts t ransm itt ers are t hi qah (aut hent i c).
3 . Khat ib B aghdadi, Tar i kh Baghdad (10:271)
4 . S akhawi, Isti jl ab ir tiqa al -ghur af bi-hu bb aqr ib a ar -
r as ul w a dhaw i s -s harf, p. 133
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 73

30. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬will be the first


to meet the Holy Prophet (A)
after his passing away
‫ ﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.78
‫ ﻓﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬, ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺸﻜﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻗﺒﺽ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﻓﺴﺄﻝﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻥ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬, ‫ ﺜﻡ ﺩﻋﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬,‫ﺒﺸﻲﺀ ﻓﺒﻜﺕ‬
‫ ﺴﺎﺭﻨﻲ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺄﺨﺒﺭﻨﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﺫﻝﻙ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ ﺴﺎﺭﻨﻰ ﻓﺄﺨﺒﺭﻨﻰ‬,‫ ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ‬, ‫ﻴﻘﺒﺽ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺠﻌﻪ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﺘﻭﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
. ‫ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬,‫ﺃﻨﻰ ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫل ﺒﻴﺘﻪ ﺃﺘﺒﻌﻪ‬
T he Mother of the Be liever s Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬nar rate s,
“ Dur in g the illne ss in wh ich th e Holy Proph et (A)
pa sse d a way, h e (A) ca lle d for Fatimah, his da ughter,
an d whisper e d to he r an d sh e be gan to cry. T hen h e (A)
c alle d h er ne arer an d wh isper e d somethin g to her an d she
la ughe d.” Aye shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬say s, “ I a ske d Fat imah
r e gar din g this inc ident an d she said, ‘T he Ho ly Prophet
(A) wh ispere d to me that that he (A) wo uld pa ss a way
dur in g this illne ss so I be gan to cry. T hen he (A)
wh isper e d to m e an d to ld me that from the ‘p eople of the
ho use’ I will be the fir st to com e after h im an d me et h im.
T o this I la ughe d.’”78

78 . 1 . B ukhari, as-Sahi h (3: 1327, 1361#3427,3511 )


2. B ukhari, as-Sahi h (4: 1612#4170)
3. M us lim, as -Sahih (4:1904#2450)
4. Nas ai, as -Sunan-ul -kubr a (5: 95#8366)
5. Nas ai, Fadail -us-sahabah (77#262)
6. Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (6: 240,282 )
7. Ahmad bin Hambal als o rel at ed it in al -Mu sn ad (6:283 )
t hrough J afar bi n Am r bi n Um ayyah.
8 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 75 4#13 22)
9 . Ibn Hibban, as -Sahih (15: 404#6954)
1 0. Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (6: 388#3270)
74 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

: ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.79


‫ ﺃﻨﺕ ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫﻠﻰ ﻝﺤﻭﻗﺎ‬:‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺴﻠﻡ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﻝﺫﻝﻙ‬,‫ﺒﻰ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s from Fatim ah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬,
“ T he Ho ly Prophet (A) said to h er, ‘Fro m ′the peop le of
my ho use ′ yo u will be the f ir st to meet me (a fter I h ave
pa sse d a way).’ T o this goo d n e ws I la ughe d. ”79

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.80


‫ ﺃﻨﺕ ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫﻠﻲ ﻝﺤﻭﻗﺎ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﺒﻰ‬
Abdullah I bn Abba s ( ) narr ate s that Ho ly Prophet (A)
sa id to Fatim ah (‫)ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ From my ho usehold yo u will
be the f irst to join me. ”80

‫ﺎ ﺀ‬‫ ﻝﻤﺎ ﻨﺯﻝﺕ )ﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺠ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.81
, ‫ ( ﺩﻋﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻝﹾ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺘﺢ‬‫ ﺍﷲِ ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶﻨﺼ‬
‫ ﻓﺈﻨﻙ ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫﻠﻲ‬, ‫ ﻻ ﺘﺒﻜﻰ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬, ‫ ﻓﺒﻜﺕ‬,‫ ﻗﺩ ﻨﻌﻴﺕ ﺇﻝ ﻰ ﻨﻔﺴﻰ‬: ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬
‫ﻝﺤﺎﻗﺎ ﺒﻰ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ ﻓﺭﺁﻫﺎ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﺯﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ ﺇﻨﻪ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬, ‫ ﺜﻡ ﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬, ‫ ﻴﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔﹶ ! ﺭﺃﻴﻨﺎ ﻙ ﺒﻜﻴﺕ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﻠ ﻥ‬,‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻓﺈﻨﻙ‬,‫ ﻻ ﺘﺒﻜﻰ‬: ‫ ﻓﻘﺎل ﻝﻰ‬,‫ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻰ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻗﺩ ﻨﻌﻴﺕ ﺇﻝﻴﻪ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﺒﻜﻴﺕ‬
. ‫ﺃﻭل ﺃﻫﻠﻰ ﻻﺤﻕ ﺒﻰ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺕ‬

79 . 1 . Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (7: 269#35980 )


2 . S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 357,358#2 942,294 5)
80 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 4#13 45)
2 . Ahmad bi n Hambal narrat ed the s am e t radit ion i n al -Il al
w a mar if at -ur-rij al (2:408#2828) t hrough J afar b in Am r
bin Um ayah as wel l.
3 . Abu Nuaym, Hilayat -ul -awl i ya w a t ab aq at -ul -asf i ya
(2:40)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 75

I bn Abba s n arrate s that wh en the Quran ic v er se, “ When


the he lp o f Allah an d v ictory com es…” , wa s rev ea le d, the
M essen ger of Allah (A) ca lle d Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬an d
sa id, “T he n e ws of my pa ssin g a way ha s com e.” She
st arte d to c ry. T he Holy Prophet (A) sa id, “ Don’t cry.
In dee d from my ho usehold yo u will be th e f ir st to jo in
me .” She starte d to la ugh. T his inc ident was witne sse d by
some of the wive s an d they a ske d, “ Fatimah ! W e sa w yo u
c ry an d then yo u sm ile d.” Fatimah r eplie d, “ T he
M essen ger of Allah (A) told me that the time of his
pa ssin g a way ha s arr ive d. T o this I c rie d. T hen he (A)
sa id, ‘Do not cry . Yo u will be the first to meet me from
my ho useho ld.’ T o this I la ughe d. ”81

81 . 1 . Darmi, as -Sun an (1:51#79)


2 . Ibn Kathir, T af sir -ul -Qur an al -azi m (4: 561)
76 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

31. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬was aware


of her own death
‫ ﺍﺸﺘﻜﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺸﻜﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﻡ ﺴﻠﻤﻰ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬.82
‫ ﻓﻜﻨﺕ ﺃﻤﺭﻀﻬﺎ ﻓﺄﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻴﻭﻤﺎ ﻜﺄﻤﺜل ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬, ‫ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻗﺒﻀﺕ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ ﻴﺎ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎﻝﺕ‬, ‫ ﻭﺨﺭﺝ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻝﺒﻌﺽ ﺤﺎﺠﺘﻪ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﻓﻲ ﺸﻜﻭﺍﻫﺎ ﺘﻠﻙ‬
‫ ﻓﺴﻜﺒﺕ ﻝﻬﺎ ﻏﺴﻼ ﻓﺎﻏﺘﺴﻠﺕ ﻜﺄﺤﺴﻥ ﻤﺎ‬,‫ﺃﻤﻪ! ﺍﺴﻜﺒﻰ ﻝﻰ ﻏﺴﻼ‬
‫ ﻓﺄﻋﻁﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻤﻪ! ﺃﻋﻁﻴﻨﻰ ﺜﻴﺎﺒﻰ ﺍﻝﺠﺩﺩ‬:‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺘﻐﺘﺴل‬
‫ ﻓﻔﻌﻠﺕ‬,‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻤﻪ! ﻗﺩﻤﻰ ﻝﻰ ﻓﺭﺍﺸﻰ ﻭﺴﻁ ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺕ‬:‫ ﺜﻡ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﻓﻠﺒﺴﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﺜﻡ‬, ‫ﻭ ﺍﻀﻁﺠﻌﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﺕ ﺍﻝﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻭ ﺠﻌﻠﺕ ﻴﺩﻫﺎ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺨﺩﻫﺎ‬
‫ ﻓﻼ ﻴﻜﺸﻔﻨﻰ ﺃﺤﺩ‬,‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻤﻪ! ﺃﻨﻰ ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻀﺔ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻭ ﻗﺩ ﺘﻁﻬﺭﺕ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬
. ‫ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺄﺨﺒﺭﺘﻪ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ﻓﻘﺒﻀﺕ ﻤﻜﺎﻨﻬﺎ‬
Umm Sa lma (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬n arrate s, “ When Fat imah
(‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬ha d the illne ss wh ich took her lif e, I n ur se d
he r. Durin g th is tim e, on one oc ca sion her con dition wa s
slightly better one morn in g. Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬h a d gone o ut
for som e jo b. Fatimah sa id, ‘ O mother! Br in g some water
for me to bathe.’ I bro ught some water an d a s far a s I sa w
she bathe d pe rfe ctly. T hen she said, ‘ O mother, brin g me
ne w clothe s’ so I gav e h er clothe s to her an d she p ut them
on. T hen sh e said, ‘ O mother! Mak e my be d for me in the
m iddle of the ho use,’ so I did a ccor din gly . T hen she la id
do wn , f ace d to war ds the Ka bah, place d her han d un der h er
ch eek an d said, ‘ O mother! It is t ime for my death an d I
hav e p urifie d my self . Do not let any bo dy un dr ess m e.’
Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬p a sse d a way in that very po sition .”
Umm Sa lmah cont in ue s, “T hen Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬came back
an d I informe d him o f Fatimah ’s (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬de ath.”82

82 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadail -us -sahabah (2 :629, 725#


1074, 1243)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 77

32. On Judgement Day, everyone will


lower their gaze on the arrival
of Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ ﺴﻤﻌﺕ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.83
: ‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻤﻨﺎﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻝﺤﺠﺎﺏ‬: ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻴﻘﻭل‬
‫ﻴﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻊ! ﻏﻀﻭﺍ ﺃﺒﺼﺎﺭﻜﻡ ﻋﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
. ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﻤﺭ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬n arr ates: I h ear d the Holy Prophet (A)
say, “ On the Day o f Judgement an anno unc er will
anno un ce from behin d a v eil, ‘Oh peop le of mah sha r!
Lo wer yo ur gaz e s until Fat imah the da ughter of
M uh amma d (A) p asse s.’”83

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.84


‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻊ! ﻏﻀﻭﺍ ﺃﺒﺼﺎﺭﻜﻡ‬: ‫ ﻗﻴل‬,‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎ ﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ﻝﺘﻤﺭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻓﺘﻤﺭ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
. ‫ﺭﻴﻁﺘﺎﻥ ﺨﻀﺭﺍﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ ﻗﺎل ﻝﻲ ﺃﺒﻭ ﻗﻼﺒﺔ ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻤﻌﻨﺎ ﻋﺒﺩ ﺍﻝﺤﻤﻴﺩ ﺃﻨﻪ‬:‫ﻗﺎل ﺃﺒﻭ ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ ﺤﻤﺭﺍﻭﺍﻥ‬: ‫ﻗﺎل‬

2. Dulabi, az -Z urr i yah at -t ahir ah (p. 113)


3. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:211)
4. Zayl ai, Nasb-u r -r ayah (2: 250)
5. M uhibb T ab ari, Dh akhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dh aw -il -
qur ba (p.103)
6. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa ha bah (7: 221 )
83 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:166#4728)
2. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.94)
3. Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i-mari fah as -sa ha bah (7: 220 )
4. Ajl awni, Kashf-ul -khifa wa muzil -ul -il bas (1: 101#26 3)
78 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬narr ate s that the Holy Prophet (A) sa id,
“ On the Day of Judgement it will be said, ‘ Oh peop le of
mahsha r! Lo wer yo ur gaze s so that the da ughter o f the
M essen ger of Allah (A) may p a ss.’ Sh e will pa ss
thro ugh wear in g t wo green garm ents. ”
Abu M uslim sa id that when Abd- ul-Ham ee d wa s with
us, Qala bah told me that the Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id,
“ (Fatimah [‫ ]ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬will pa ss wea rin g) t wo re d
ga rments.”84

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.85


‫ ﻏﻀﻭﺍ ﺃﺒﺼﺎﺭﻜﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﻤﺭ‬:‫ ﻴﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻤﻨﺎﺩ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬na rrate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A)
sa id, “ On th e Day of Judgement an anno uncer will
anno un ce, ‘Lo wer yo ur gaz es so that Fatim ah the da ughter
of M uhamm a d (A) can pa ss.’”85

‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ‬....‫ﻤﺭﻓﻭﻋﺎ‬....‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.86


‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻊ! ﻨﻜﺴﻭﺍ‬:‫ﻁﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺵ‬‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻤﻨﺎﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺒ‬
. ‫ﺭﺅﺴﻜﻡ ﻭ ﻏﻀﻭﺍ ﺃﺒﺼﺎﺭﻜﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﺠﻭﺯ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬
Abu Hura irah ( ) na rrate s this marfu tra dition that on the
Day of Judgement a vo ic e from th e depths of th e T hrone
will ca ll o ut, “ Oh p eople of mah sha r! Bo w yo ur hea ds an d

84 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:175#4757)


2. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 76 3#13 44)
3. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (1:108#180)
4. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (22: 400#999)
5. T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-aws at (3:35#2386)
6. Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:212)
85 . 1 . Khat ib B aghdadi, Tar i kh Baghdad (8: 142)
2. M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.94)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 79

lo we r yo ur gaz e s until Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬pa sse s thro ugh


to wa r ds Para dise.”86

86 . 1 . Ajl awni, Kashf-ul -khifa wa muzil -ul -il bas (1: 101#26 3)
2 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 106#34211)
3 . Hi ndi s ai d i n Kanz -ul -ummal (12:106#342 10) that Abu
B akr narrat ed it i n al -Ghil ani yat t hroug h Abu Ayy ub
An s ari.
4 . Khat ib B aghd adi rel at ed it i n T ari kh Ba gh da d (8:1 41)
t hrough Ayes h ah wit h s lightl y di fferent word s.
5 . Hayt ami s aid i n as -S aw aiq-ul -muhri qah (2:557 ) Abu
B akr narrat ed i t i n al -Ghilani yat.
80 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

33. Fatimah will cross the Bridge


accompanied with seventy thousand Hurs
‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ‬:‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﺃﻴﻭﺏ ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.87
‫ ﻴﺎ ﺃﻫل ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻊ! ﻨﻜﺴﻭﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻤﻨﺎﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻁﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺵ‬
‫ﺭﺅﺴﻜﻡ ﻭ ﻏﻀﻭﺍ ﺃﺒﺼﺎﺭﻜﻡ ﺤﺘﻰ ﺘﻤﺭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ ﻓﺘﻤﺭ ﻭ ﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﺴﺒﻌﻭﻥ ﺃﻝﻑ ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬, ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺼﺭﺍﻁ‬
. ‫ﺍﻝﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻝﻌﻴﻥ ﻜﺎﻝﺒﺭﻕ ﺍﻝﻼﻤﻊ‬
Abu Ayy ub Ansari na rrate s the Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id,
“ On the Day of Judgem ent an anno unc er f rom the depths
of the T hrone will anno unc e, ‘Oh peop le! Bo w yo ur h ea ds
an d lo wer yo ur gaze s so that Fatimah da ughter of
M uh amma d (A) can cro ss the Br idge ( sira t).’ She will
pa ss in the company of seventy tho usan d serv ants from the
hu r-u l-in ( super ior fem ale serv ants in Para dise) who will
be like fla sh es of lightnin g.”87

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.88


‫ ﺘﺤﺸﺭ ﺇﺒﻨﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻝﻜﺭﺍﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
, ‫ ﻓﻴﺘﻌﺠﺒﻭﻥ ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﺘﻨﻅﺭ ﺇﻝﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﺨﻼﺌﻕ‬,‫ﻗﺩ ﻋﺠﻨﺕ ﺒﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺜﻡ ﺘﻜﺴﻰ ﺤﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺤﻠل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ]ﺘﺸﺘﻤل[ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻝﻑ ﺤﻠﺔ ﻤﻜﺘﻭﺏ‬
‫ ﺃﺩﺨﻠﻭﺍ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬:‫] ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ[ ﺒﺨﻁ ﺃﺨﻀﺭ‬

87 . 1 . M uhibb Tabari s aid in Dhakhair -ul -uqb a f i man aq ib


dhaw -il -qur ba (p.94) Abu S ai d Naqqas h rel at ed t his
t raditi on in Faw ai d-ul -Ir aqi yyin.
2. Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 105,106#34209, 34 210)
3. Ibn J awzi rel at ed it in Tadhki rat -ul -khawa ss (p.2 79) wi th
s light ly di fferent words t hrough Abdull ah bi n Um ar.
4. Hayt ami s aid i n as -S aw aiq-ul -muhri qah (2:257 ) Abu
B akr narrat ed i t i n al -Gil ani yat.
5. M anawi, Fayd-ul -qadir (1:420, 429)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 81

. ‫ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺤﺴﻥ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻭ ﺃﻜﻤل ﻫﻴﺒﺔ ﻭ ﺃﺘﻡ ﻜﺭﺍﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺃﻭﻓﺭ ﺤﻅ‬
. ‫ﻓﺘﺯﻑ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﻜﺎﻝﻌﺭﻭ ﺱ ﺤﻭﻝﻬﺎ ﺴﺒﻌﻭﻥ ﺃﻝﻑ ﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬narr ate s that the Holy Prophet (A) sa id,
“ On the Day of Re sur rection my da ughter will be ra ise d
we ar in g the dre ss of hono ur wa sh e d in the ‘Wate r of L if e’.
T he who le cre ation will be am az e d on se ein g h er. T hen
she will be given the dr ess o f Para dise, each lay er
comp risin g o f a thousan d laye rs. Ea ch lay er will re a d in
gr een, ‘T ake the da ughter of M uhamm a d to Para dise in the
be st form , gre at dign ity, high e steem an d de ep re sp ect.’
Sh e will be bea utif ie d like a br ide an d will be taken to
Par a dise surro un de d by seventy thousan d hurs ( bea utif ul
wo men of Para dise). ”88

88 . M uhibb T ab ari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -


qur ba (p.95)
82 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

34. On Judgement Day Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬


will sit in the carriage of the
Holy Prophet (A)
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺒﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻁﺎﻝﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.89
‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﺤﻤﻠﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺒﺭﺍﻕ ﻭ‬:‫ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﺤﻤﻠﺕ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻝﻌﻀﺒﺎﺀ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬n arrate s the Ho ly Prophet (A) said, “ On
the Day o f Judgem ent I will seate d on Bu rraq an d Fat imah
will be se ated on my she -cam el Uzba.”89

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻰ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.90


‫ ﺘﺒﻌﺙ ﺍﻷﻨﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺩﻭﺍﺏ ﻝﻴﻭﺍﻓﻭﺍ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻭ‬, ‫ ﻭ ﻴﺒﻌﺙ ﺼﺎﻝﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﺎﻗﺘﻪ‬,‫ﺒﺎﻝﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﻗﻭﻤﻬﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺸﺭ‬
‫ ﻭ ﺘﺒﻌﺙ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬, ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺒﺭﺍﻕ ﺨﻁﻭﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﻁﺭﻓﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻰ‬
Abu Hura ir ah ( ) na rrate s the Ho ly Prophet (A) sa id,
“ T he Prophets on the Day of Judgement will be bro ught
on the ir rides to ac company th e be liever s of the ir n ation at
mahsha r. Sa lih ( ") will be bro ught on his she-c ame l an d
I will be bro ught on Burra q, who stride s as f ar a s the eye
c an se e, an d Fatimah will be bro ught in f ront of me. ”90

‫ ﻗﺎل ﻤﻌﺎﺫ ﺒﻥ ﺠﺒل ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺒﺭﻴﺩﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.91


‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ! ﻭﺃﻨﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻌﻀﺒﺎﺀ؟‬:‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬

89 . Ibn As akir, Tar i kh Di mashq al-kabir (10: 353)


90 . Haki m s ai d i n al -Mus tadr ak (3: 166#4727) t he t raditi on is
s ahih (sound) i n accordance with t he cond iti ons o f Im am
M us lim.
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 83

‫ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬,‫ ﺃﻨﺎ[ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺒﺭﺍﻕ ﻴﺨﺼﻨﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺒﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻨﺒﻴﺎﺀ‬:‫]ﻗﺎل‬


.‫ﺍﺒﻨﺘﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻌﻀﺒﺎﺀ‬
Bura idah ( ) n arr ates th at M ua dh bin Ja bal sa id, “ Oh
M essen ger of Allah! Will yo u r ide yo ur sh e-c ame l Uzbah
(on th e Day o f Judgem ent)?” T he Ho ly Prophet (A)
r eplie d, “ I will be on Bu rraq wh ich from amon g the
Prophet s will be spe cif ic ally given to m e. My da ughter
Fatim ah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬will be on my sh e-c ame l Uzbah. ”91

91 . 1 . Ibn As akir, Tar i kh Di mashq al-kabir (10: 352,353 )


2 . Hi ndi s aid in K anz-ul -ummal (11:499 #323 40) Abu
Nu aym and Ibn As akir narrat ed i t.
84 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

35. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the


handle of the scale
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﺒﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬.92
‫ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ‬,‫ ﻭﻋﻠﻲ ﻜﻔﺘﺎﻩ‬,‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻤﻴﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻡ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻭ ﺍﻷﺌﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻌﺩﻯ ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻩ‬,‫ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻪ‬,‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﺨﻴﻭﻁﻪ‬
. ‫ﻴﻭﺯﻥ ﺒﻪ ﺃﻋﻤﺎل ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺒﻴﻥ ﻝﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﺒﻐﻀﻴﻥ ﻝﻨﺎ‬
Abdullah bin Abba s ( ) narr ate s that the Ho ly Prophet
(A) said, “ I am the sca le o f kno wle dge, Ali is its pan s,
Ha san an d Husa in ar e it s rope s, Fatim ah is its h an dle an d
the le a der s (of the ah l-ul-bait) after me ar e its ro ds. T he
de e ds of those who love us or hav e hatre d a ga inst us will
be we ighe d on this sc ale.”92

92 . 1 . Dayl ami, al -Fi rdaws bi mathur al -khi tab (1: 44 #1 07)


2 . Ajl awni s ai d in Kas hf -ul -khi fa w a muz il -u l-ilb as (1:236 )
Dayl ami narrat ed i t through Abdull ah bi n Abb as as a
ma rfu t radit ion.
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 85

36. Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬and her family will


be the first to enter Paradise with
the Holy Prophet (A)
‫ ﺃﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.93
‫ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭل ﻤﻥ ﻴﺩﺨل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ‬: ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻴﺎ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ! ﻓﻤﺤﺒﻭﻨﺎ؟‬: ‫ ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬
. ‫ ﻤﻥ ﻭﺭﺍﺌﻜﻡ‬: ‫ﻗﺎل‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬nar rate s, “T he Holy Prophet (A) told
me , ‘T he f ir st p eople enter in g Pa ra dise will be my se lf,
Ali, Fatimah , Ha san an d Husa in.’ I a ske d, ‘ Oh M essen ger
of Allah (A)! What a bo ut o ur lov er s?’ T he Me ssen ge r of
Allah r eplie d, ‘T hey will be beh in d yo u.’ ”93

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬, ‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.94


. ‫ ﺃﻭل ﺸﺨﺹ ﻴﺩﺨل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
Abu Hura irah ( ) narr ates that the Me ssen ger of Allah
(A) said, “T he f ir st p er son to enter Par a dise will be
Fatim ah.”94

93 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:164#4723)


2 . Ibn As akir, Tar i kh Di mashq al-kabir (14: 173)
3 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 98#34166)
4 . Hayt ami s aid i n as -Sawai q-ul-muhriqah (2:4 48) Ib n
S ad narrat ed it.
5 . M uhibb T abari, Dhakhai r-ul -uqba fi mana qi b dhaw -il -
qur ba (p.214)
94 . 1 . Dhahabi s aid i n Mizal -uz -iti dal f i naqd ar -ri jal (4:3 51)
t hat Abu S ali h M uazzin narrat ed i t in Manaqi b Fat imah.
2 . As qal ani als o s ai d t he s am e i n Li san-ul -miz an (4:16 ).
86 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬: ‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻲ ﻴﺯﻴﺩ ﺍﻝﻤﺩﻨﻰ‬.95


‫ ﻭ ﻤﺜﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬,‫ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬:‫ ﺃﻭل ﺸﺨﺹ ﻴﺩﺨل ﺍﻝﺠﻨﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﻤﺔ ﻤﺜل ﻤﺭﻴﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺒﻨﻰ ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬
Abu Ya zid Ma dan i na rrate s that the Ho ly Prophet (A)
sa id, “ Fatimah will be the fir st per son to ente r Para dise
an d she is to this ummah (nation) a s Mary am wa s to the
‘ Ch ildr en of I sr ae el’ .”95

95 . 1 . Qazwini, at -T adwi n f i akhbar qazw in (1:457)


2 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 110#34234)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 87

37. On the Day of Judgement Fatimah’s


residence will be a white dome
under the Throne of Allah (!)
: ‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﺨﻁﺎﺏ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.96
‫ﺇﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻓﻰ ﺤﻅﻴﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻘﺩﺱ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺔ‬
. ‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ ﺴﻘﻔﻬﺎ ﻋﺭﺵ ﺍﻝﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬
Umar bin Khatta b ( ) narr ates that the Holy Prophet
(A) said, “ In de e d, Fatima , Ali, Ha san an d Husa in will
live in a wh ite dome in P ara dise. T he T hrone of Rahman
will be its roof .”96

‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺃﺒﻰ ﻤﻭﺴﻰ ﺍﻷﺸﻌﺭﻯ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.97


‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ‬: ‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
. ‫ﺍﻝﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺔ ﺘﺤﺕ ﺍﻝﻌﺭﺵ‬
Abu M usa Ash ari ( ) nar rate s that the Holy Prophet
(A) sa id, “ On the Day of Judgement Ali, Fatim ah,
Ha san an d Husa in will live in a dome un der the T hrone.”97

96 . 1 . Ibn As akir, Tar i kh Di mi shq al -kabi r (14:61 )


2 . Hi ndi, K anz -ul -ummal (12: 98#34167)
97 . 1 . Hayt hami, Maj ma-uz -z awaid (9:174)
2 . Zurqani, Shar h-ul -Muw at ta (4:443)
3 . As qal ani, Lis an-ul -miz an (2:94)
88 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

38. The ‘Holy Five’ and their lovers will be


together on the Day of Judgement
‫ ﻗﺎل ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.98
‫ ﺇﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺇﻴﺎﻙ ﻭﻫﺫﻴﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﺭﺍﻗﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻜﺎ ﻥ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻝﻔﺎﻁﻤﺔ‬
. ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝ ﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬na rrate s that the Holy Proph et (A) sa id
to Fatimah (‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻬﺎ‬, “ Myself , yo u an d these t wo
( Ha san an d Husain) an d this sle epin g one ( Ali [ ‫] ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍ ﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬
a s he just woke up at that t ime) will be in one place on the
Day of Judgement.”98

,‫ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬.99


‫ ﺃﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺤﺴﻥ ﻭ ﺤﺴﻴﻥ ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻭﻥ ﻭ ﻤﻥ‬: ‫ﻗﺎل‬
.‫ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﺎﻤﺔ ﻨﺄﻜل ﻭ ﻨﺸﺭﺏ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻴﻔﺭﻕ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺩ‬,‫ﺃﺤﺒﻨﺎ‬
Ali ( ‫ ) ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟ ﻬﻪ‬narr ate s that the Holy Prophet (A) sa id,
“ Myself, Ali, Fatim ah, Hasan an d Husa in an d a ll tho se
who hold love for us will be to gether at on e p lac e on the
Day of Judgement. We will e at an d dr ink to gether until
peop le will be separ ate d from ea ch.”99

98 . 1 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, al-Mus nad (1: 101)


2 . B azzar, al-Mus nad (3: 29, 30#779)
3 . Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (2: 69 2#11 83)
4 . Hayt hami comm ent ed in Majma-uz -zawai d (9: 16 9,1 70)
t hat one of Ahm ad bin Ham bal’s narrato rs, Qays bin
R abi, i s cont ro versi al whil e the rest of t h e narrato rs are
t hi qah (aut hent i c).
5 . S haybani, as -S unnah (2:598#1322)
6 . Ibn Athir, Usa d-ul -ghabah f i mari fah as-sa haba h (7: 22 0)
99 . 1 . Hayt hami s aid in Majma-uz-zawai d (9: 17 4 ) that h e did
not know its n arrators. T abarani has als o n arrat ed it.
2 . T abarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:41#2623)
Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ 89

39. Ayeshah (‫)ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬: Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬


is the most superior personality
after the Prophet (A)
‫ ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﺃﻓﻀل ﻤﻥ‬:‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.100
. ‫ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ‬
Ay e shah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨ ﻬﺎ‬nar rate s, “ I have not seen anyone
super ior to Fatimah (‫ )ﺳ ﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬other than h er father
(A).”100

: ‫ ﻗﺎﻝﺕ ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ ﻗﺎل‬,‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭﻭ ﺒﻥ ﺩﻴﻨﺎﺭ‬.101


. ‫ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﺃﺤﺩﺍ ﻗﻁ ﺃﺼﺩﻕ ﻤﻥ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺃﺒﻴﻬﺎ‬
Amr bin Din ar ( ) na rrate s that Ayeh sah (‫ ) ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬sa id,
“ I h ave nev er seen anyon e who is more tr uthf ul than
Fatim ah ( !" $& '‫ *م ا‬+) exc ept for h er f ather (A) .”101

100 . 1 . T abarani, al -Majma-ul-aws at (3:137#2721 )


2 . Hayt hami s ai d in Maj ma-uz -z awaid (19: 201 ) that
T abarani and Abu Yal a also transm itt ed it an d it s chai n
of narrators is s ahih (s ound).
3 . S hawkani, Dar r-us -s ahabah fi -manaqib al -qa raba h was -
s ahabah (p.277#24)
101 . Abu Nuaym, Hil yat-ul -awli ya w a t ab aq at -ul -asfi ya
(2:41, 42)
90 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

40. Umar bin Khattab ( ): After the


Messenger of Allah (A) Fatimah
(‫ )ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬is the most beloved personality
‫ ﻋﻥ ﻋﻤﺭ ﺭﻀﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻨﻪ ﺩﺨل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﺕ ﺭﺴﻭل‬.102
‫ ﻴﺎ ﻓﺎﻁﻤﺔ! ﻭﺍﷲ! ﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻴﺕ ﺃﺤﺩﺍ‬:‫ ﻓﻘﺎل‬,‫ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬
‫ ﻭﺍﷲ! ﻤﺎ ﻜﺎﻥ‬,‫ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺭﺴﻭل ﺍﷲ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﻤﻨﻙ‬
. ‫ﺃﺤﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺱ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺃﺒﻴﻙ ﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺴﻠﻡ ﺃﺤﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻨﻙ‬
Umar bin Kh attab ( ) say s that he went to the ho use of
Fatim ah the da ughter of the Me ssen ger o f Allah an d sa id,
“ Oh Fatim ah! I swea r by Allah that I have not seen anyone
who is de arer to the Me ssen ger o f Allah ( !) than yo u. I
swe ar by Allah that no bo dy is de arer to me than yo u after
yo ur father (A).”102

102 . 1 . Haki m, al -Must adrak (3:168#4736)


2. Ibn Abi S haybah, al -Musannaf (7: 432#37045 )
3. S haybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5: 360#2952 )
4. Ahmad bin Ham bal, Fadai l-us -s ahabah (1: 364# 532)
5. Khat ib B aghdadi, Tar i kh Baghdad (4: 401)
Glossary
!# $‫ ر'& ا‬r adiyallahu anhu — A llah is p leas ed w ith
him; us ed aft er the names of Comp anions of the
P rophet (A ).
)*!# $‫ ر'& ا‬radiyallahu anha — A llah is pleas ed w ith
her; us ed aft er the name of a female Companion of
the Prophet (A).
+*!# $‫ ر'& ا‬r adiyallahu anhum — A llah is pleas ed
w ith all of t hem; us ed aft er t he names of more t han
tw o male Companions of t he P rophet (A ).
)-*!# $‫ ر'& ا‬r adiyallahu anhum a — A llah is pleas ed
w ith bot h of them; us ed aft er the names of t wo
Companions of the P rophet (A), irrespect ive of
their gender.
alayh-is-salam —Allah’s p eace is on him; us ed
aft er the names of A llah’s mes sengers, p rophets and
angels.
‫م‬/ 02‫) ا‬-*35# alayhim -as -s alam — A llah’s peace is on
both of t hem; us ed after t he names of tw o mess engers,
prophets and angels.
A sallallahu layhi wa alihi wa s allam —A llah
s ends bless ings and s alutat ions on him and his
children; is us ed aft er t he name of t he Last M ess enger
of Allah (A).
‫ ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﻪ‬T itle reserved for A li alone. It means,
‘Allah has honoured him.’
92 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

Ahl kis aa “t he peop le of the garment /cloak/mant le”.


A ccording t o a t radit ion, t he H oly P rophet went out
one morning at t he t ime of the vis it of the Najran
delegat ion in 10/631 w earing a figured black cloak;
first F at imah, then A li and then H as an and H us ain
came and he t ook t hem under his cloak. It is called
hadith al-k is aa (t he t radit ion of t he mant le/cloak/
garment).
Ahl -ul-bait “t he P eople of t he H ous e”. A t erm us ed
in t he Q uran (33:33) and in t raditions for the H oly
P rophet’s H ousehold. Toget her w ith the w ives of the
P rophet, it includes Ali, F at imah, H as an and Hus ain.
Ar-Rukn al-Yamani “t he Yamanit e P illar” of the
Kabah.
Arsh the t erm us ed in t he Q uran for the Throne of
A llah: “He is the Lord of the mighty throne (ar sh).
(Quran 4:131)”
Bani Is raeel “the Children of Israeel”. T he phrase is
app lied t o the children of Yaqub.
Bu rraq a heavenly animal made of light, bigger t han
a donkey and s maller t han a hors e, on w hich the H oly
P rophet M uhammad (A) w ent for t he M iraj.
Fajr daw n or early morning before sunris e; morning
prayer.
Hadi th (p l. ahadith) lit . t radit ion. The s ayings,
practice and silent approval of t he H oly P rophet
M uhammad (A ).
Hasan a hadīth, narrat ed by a reliable chain of
narrators t hough not reaching t he grade of sahih
(sound) hadith, but records a complet e chain of
narrators up to the Prophet (A).
Glossary 93

Hu r (the plural of haur a) very fair women of


P aradis e.
Is nad chain of t rans miss ion of a tradition.
Jahiliyyah “ignorance”. T he term refers to p re-
M us lim period.
Ji brail/Ji bril the angle G abriel. J ibrail w as appoint ed
by A llah t o convey H is M ess ages t o H is prophets and
mess engers .
Kabah a cube-s haped building -at t he centre of al-
M as jid-ul-H aram (the great mosque at M akkah)-
towards which all M us lims face in prayer w hich is
w hy it is also know n as the qiblah. It is als o known as
the Hous e of A llah.
Kawth ar lit. “ abundance”. A pond in P aradis e known
as t he H aud-ul-Kawthar or “the P ond of Abundance”.
Ku fah a city on the w est bank of the river Euphrates,
about four days march from Baghdad. It w as the
cap it al tow n of the Commander of t he Believers, A li.
Mahshar t he place w here people will gather toget her
on the D ay of Judgement .
Maqam Ibrahim the stone at M akkah w ithin the
boundary of al-M as jid-ul-H aram, w hich has the
imp ress ion of the footprint s of the Prophet Ibrahim
(A). This is t he stone on w hich Ibraham ( ) stood
w hile he and his s on, the prophet Ismail ( ), w ere
building the kabah.
Marfu a tradit ion which is traced back t o t he H oly
P rophet (A ) w ithout any defect in trans mis sion.
Maryam the mother of prophet Is a; M ary.
Mimbar a pulpil in a mosque from which a s ermon is
delivered.
94 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

Qi blah direct ion one faces in prayer, t ow ards


M akkah.
Rahman “the Infinite Beneficence or Goodness of
A llah”. It is one of the ninety-nine names or attribut es
of A llah. Ar-Rahm an is a more exalt ed attribut e t han
ar-Rahim. It express es t hat the univers al attribut e of
mercy w hich t he A lmighty ext ends t o all mankind, the
w icked and t he good, believers and unbelievers.
Rawi a t rans mitter of tradit ions .
S ahih "sound". A hadith w ith an unbroken chain of
narrators report ed from the P rophet M uhammad (A)
through reliable narrat ors wit hout being s hādh (odd)
or muallal (faulty) in betw een any two relaters .
S hafaah “ int erces sion”. The belief of the M us lims
that the H oly P rophet is an Intercessor and that he
w ill intercede on the behalf of the Believers on the
D ay of Judgement by the permiss ion of A llah.
S irat lit. “ a road”. It is commonly us ed for the bri dge
across the H ell-F ire. It is finer t han a hair and s harp er
than a sw ord. The righteous w ill p ass over it wit h the
sw iftly, but the w icked w ill los e their footing and fall
int o t he fire of hell.
S unnah It is exclus ively referred to t he pract ice and
w ays of the M es senger of A llah, M uhammad (A ).
Umm S alma one of the w ives of t he H oly P rophet
(A). She w as t he w idow of Abu Salmah. A bu
Salmah w as martyred at Uhud, and the M ess enger of
A llah married his w idow four months later.
Glossary 95

Ummah “ nat ion, people, generat ion, community”. It


is us ed in reference t o the community of Believers or
M us lims.
Umm-ul-mumini m “t he M other of the Believers ”. A
t itle in the Quran w hich is applied to each of the
w ives of the H oly Prophet : “ …his (the P rophet’s)
w ives are their mothers… (Q uran 33:6) ”
Wali legal guardian.
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Index
I n de x o f n a m e s ( e x c e p t Alla h , M uh a m mad, Fatimah and
Ali) a n d p la c e s
Abd- ul- Ham ee d 74
Abdullah bin Abba s 72
Abdullah bin Jaf ar 23
Abdullah bin M asud 21, 56, 57
Abdullah bin Z ubair 44, 67
Abu Ayy ub An sar i 76
Abu Hanza lah 45
Abu Kur aib 24
Abu M usa Ashar i 83
Abu M uslim 74
Abu Saee d Kh udr i 12, 48, 49
Abu Salamah 34
Abu Yazid 82
Ah l- ul- ba it 11, 14, 49, 80
Amr bin Dinar 85
An s bin Ma lik 11, 38, 58, 60
Asiyah 19 , 20
Ay e shah 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 28, 29, 33, 37, 38, 39,
51, 53, 54, 69, 70, 74, 85
Bura idah 34, 60, 61, 79
Burr a q 78, 79
Devil 60
Fa jr 11
Ha san 12, 13, 14, 18, 30, 38, 46, 47, 50, 55, 64, 80,
81, 83, 84
Ha san bin Ha san bin Ali 41
Hudh aifah 18
Husain 12, 13, 14, 18, 30, 46, 47, 55, 64, 80, 81, 83, 84
I bn Abi Na je eh 35
I sra ee l 82
110 Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah (‫)ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

Ja bir 22, 48, 66


Je w 48
Jibrae el 16, 52, 57, 58
Juma i bin Um air 33
Kh a dijah 19, 20, 23
Kufah 23, 35
M a qam I brah im 49
M aryam 19, 20, 23, 82
M asr uq 17, 39
M iswa r bin Makhr amah 26, 40, 42, 44, 62, 63
M ua dh bin Ja ba l 79
M ua wiyah bin Hudee j 50
M uh amma d bin Ali 26
Par a dise 16, 18, 19, 20, 55, 56, 75, 76, 77, 81, 82, 83
Qala bah 74
Rahm an 83
Rukn Yaman i 49
Sa e e d Bin Aban 41
Sa f iyya b bint Say bah 13
Sa lih (compan ion) 20
Sa lih (prophet) 78
T ha wban 31
Umar bin Abdul Az iz 41
Umar bin Abi Sa lam ah 14
Umar bin Khattab 25, 67, 83, 86
Umm Salamah 14
Umm Salm a 72
Usamah bin Z aid 34
Uz bah 79
Wak i 24
Z aid bin Ar qam 46
Z irr 48