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ICS: 01.040.23 ; 23.

120

Geregistreerde
Belgische norm

NBN EN 14511-1
2e uitg., mei 2008

Normklasse: D 40

Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en


warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven compressoren voor
ruimteverwarming en -koeling - Deel 1: Termen en definities
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur
lectrique pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 1: Termes et dfinitions
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 1: Terms and definitions

Toelating tot publicatie: 29 januari 2008


Vervangt NBN EN 14511-1 (2004).
Deze Europese norm EN 14511-1:2008 heeft de status van een Belgische norm.
Deze Europese norm bestaat in drie officile versies (Duits, Engels, Frans).

Bureau voor Normalisatie Brabanonnelaan 29 B-1000 Brussel Belgi


Tel: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Bank 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110
BIC BPOT BEB1
BTW: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prijsgroep: 12

ICS: 01.040.23 ; 23.120

norme belge
enregistre

NBN EN 14511-1
2e d., mai 2008

Indice de classement: D 40

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur


avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique pour le chauffage et la
rfrigration des locaux - Partie 1: Termes et dfinitions
Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven
compressoren voor ruimteverwarming en -koeling - Deel 1: Termen en definities
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 1: Terms and definitions

Autorisation de publication: 29 janvier 2008


Remplace NBN EN 14511-1 (2004).
La prsente norme europenne EN 14511-1:2008 a le statut d'une norme belge.
La prsente norme europenne existe en trois versions officielles (allemand, anglais, franais).

Bureau de Normalisation - Avenue de la Brabanonne 29 - 1000 Bruxelles - Belgique


Tl: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Banque 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110 BIC BPOT BEB1 TVA: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prix: groupe 12

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 14511-1

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

November 2007

ICS 23.120; 01.040.23

Supersedes EN 14511-1:2004

English Version

Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with


electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling Part 1: Terms and definitions
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes
chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique
pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 1:
Termes et dfinitions

Luftkonditionierer, Flssigkeitskhlstze und


Wrmepumpen mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern
fr die Raumbeheizung und Khlung - Teil 1: Begriffe

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 October 2007.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2007 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 14511-1:2007: E

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

Contents

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................4

Classification..........................................................................................................................................9

Index...................................................................................................................................................................11
Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................13

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 14511-1:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 113 Heat pumps
and air conditioning units, the secretariat of which is held by AENOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by May 2008.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 14511-1:2004.
The revised standard takes into account double duct units and multisplit systems.
EN 14511 comprises the following parts under the general title "Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and
heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling:
-

Part 1: Terms and definitions

Part 2: Test conditions

Part 3: Test methods

Part 4: Requirements

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

Scope

This part of EN 14511 specifies the terms and definitions for the rating and performance of air and water cooled
air conditioners, liquid chilling packages, air-to-air, water-to-air, air-to-water and water-to-water heat pumps with
electrically driven compressors when used for space heating and/or cooling. This European Standard does not
specifically apply to heat pumps for sanitary hot water, although certain definitions can be applied to these.
This European Standard applies to factory-made units that can be ducted.
This standard applies to factory-made liquid chilling packages with integral condensers or for use with remote
condensers.
This standard applies to factory-made units of either fixed capacity or variable capacity by any means.
Packaged units, single split and multisplit systems are covered by this standard. Single duct and double duct units
are covered by the standard.
In the case of units consisting of several parts, this standard applies only to those designed and supplied as a
complete package, except for liquid chilling packages with remote condenser.
This standard is primarily intended for water and brine chilling packages but can be used for other liquid subject to
agreement.
This standard applies to air-to-air air conditioners which evaporate the condensate on the condenser side.
The units having their condenser cooled by air and by the evaporation of external additional water are not
covered by this standard.
This standard does not apply to units using transcritical cycles, e.g. with CO2 as refrigerant.
Installations used for heating and/or cooling of industrial processes are not within the scope of this standard.
NOTE 1

Part load testing of units is dealt with in CEN/TS 14825.

NOTE 2

All the symbols given in this text should be used regardless of the language used.

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
air conditioner
encased assembly or assemblies designed as a unit to provide delivery of conditioned air to an enclosed
space (room for instance) or zone. It includes an electrically operated refrigeration system for cooling and
possibly dehumidifying the air.
It can have means for heating, circulating, cleaning and humidifying the air. If the unit provides heating by
reversing the refrigerating cycle then it is a heat pump
2.2
heat pump
encased assembly or assemblies designed as a unit to provide delivery of heat. It includes an electrically
operated refrigeration system for heating.
It can have means for cooling, circulating, cleaning and dehumidifying the air. The cooling is by means of
reversing the refrigerating cycle

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

2.3
comfort air conditioner or heat pump
air conditioner or heat pump to satisfy the requirements of the occupants of the air conditioned room
2.4
close control air conditioner
air conditioner to satisfy the requirements of the process carried out in the air conditioned room
2.5
control cabinet air conditioner
air conditioner to satisfy the requirements of the control cabinet
2.6
packaged unit
factory assembly of components of refrigeration system fixed on a common mounting to form a discrete unit
2.7
single split unit
factory assembly of components of refrigeration system fixed on two mountings or more to form a discrete
matched functional unit
2.8
single-duct air conditioner
air conditioner for spot cooling in which the condenser intake air is introduced from the space containing the
unit and discharged outside this space
2.9
double-duct air conditioner
air conditioner placed in the conditioned space near a wall, in which the condenser intake air is introduced
from the outdoor environment by a small duct and the condenser discharge air is rejected to the outdoor
environment by a second small duct
2.10
liquid chilling package
factory-made unit designed to cool liquid, using an evaporator, a refrigerant compressor, an integral or remote
condenser and appropriate controls.
It may have means for heating which can be reversing the refrigerating cycle, like a heat pump
2.11
heat recovery liquid chilling package
factory-made liquid chilling package designed for the purpose of chilling liquid and recovering of heat
2.12
heat recovery
recovery of heat rejected by the unit(s) whose primary control is in the cooling mode by means of either an
additional heat exchanger (e.g. a liquid chiller with an additional condenser) or by transferring the heat through
the refrigerating system for use to unit(s) whose primary control remains in the heating mode (e.g. variable
refrigerant flow)
2.13
indoor heat exchanger
heat exchanger which is designed to transfer heat to the indoor part of the building or to the indoor hot water
supplies or to remove heat from these
NOTE
In the case of an air conditioner or heat pump operating in the cooling mode, this is the evaporator. In the case
of an air conditioner or heat pump operating in the heating mode, this is the condenser.

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

2.14
outdoor heat exchanger
heat exchanger which is designed to remove heat from the outdoor ambient environment, or any other
available heat source, or to transfer heat to it
NOTE
In the case of an air conditioner or heat pump operating in the cooling mode, this is the condenser. In the case
of an air conditioner heat pump operating in the heating mode, this is the evaporator.

2.15
heat recovery heat exchanger
heat exchanger assembly which is designed to transfer heat to the heat recovery medium
2.16
heat transfer medium
any medium (water, air, ...) used for the transfer of the heat without change of state
EXAMPLES
cooled liquid circulating in the evaporator; cooling medium circulating in the condenser; heat recovery
medium circulating in the heat recovery heat exchanger.

2.17
outside air
air from the outdoor environment entering the outdoor heat exchanger
2.18
exhaust air
air from the air conditioned space entering the outdoor heat exchanger
2.19
recycled air
air from the air conditioned space entering the indoor heat exchanger
2.20
outdoor air
air from the outdoor environment entering the indoor heat exchanger
2.21
water loop
closed circuit of water maintained within a temperature range on which the units in cooling mode reject heat
and the units in heating mode take heat
2.22
total cooling capacity
PC
heat given off from the heat transfer medium to the unit per unit of time, expressed in Watt
2.23
latent cooling capacity
PL
capacity of the unit for removing latent heat from the evaporator intake air, expressed in Watt
2.24
sensible cooling capacity
PS
capacity of the unit for removing sensible heat from the evaporator intake air, expressed in Watt
2.25
heating capacity
PH
heat given off by the unit to the heat transfer medium per unit of time, expressed in Watt

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

NOTE

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

If heat is removed from the indoor heat exchanger for defrosting, it is taken into account.

2.26
heat rejection capacity
heat removed by the heat transfer medium of the condenser per unit of time, expressed in Watt
NOTE

This applies only to heat recovery liquid chilling packages.

2.27
heat recovery capacity
heat removed by the heat transfer medium of the heat recovery heat exchanger, per unit of time, expressed in
Watt
NOTE

This applies only to heat recovery liquid chilling packages.

2.28
total power input
PT
power input of all components of the unit as delivered, expressed in Watt
2.29
effective power input
PE
average electrical power input of the unit within the defined interval of time obtained from:

power input for operation of the compressor and any power input for defrosting;

power input for all control and safety devices of the unit; and

proportional power input of the conveying devices (e.g. fans, pumps) for ensuring the transport of the heat
transfer media inside the unit.

It is expressed in Watt
2.30
energy efficiency ratio
EER
ratio of the total cooling capacity to the effective power input of the unit, expressed in Watt/Watt
2.31
sensible heat ratio
SHR
ratio of the sensible cooling capacity to the total cooling capacity, expressed in Watt/Watt
2.32
coefficient of performance
COP
ratio of the heating capacity to the effective power input of the unit, expressed in Watt/Watt
2.33
operating range
range indicated by the manufacturer and limited by the upper and lower limits of use (e.g. temperatures, air
humidity, voltage) within which the unit is deemed to be fit for use and has the characteristics published by the
manufacturer
2.34
rating conditions
standardised conditions provided for the determination of data which are characteristic for the unit, especially:

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

heating capacity, power input, COP in heating mode;

cooling capacity, power input, EER, SHR in cooling mode.

2.35
defrost mode
state of the unit in the heating mode where the operation is modified or reversed to defrost the outdoor heat
exchanger
2.36
defrost period
time for which the unit is in the defrost mode
2.37
operating cycle with defrost
cycle consisting of a heating period and a defrost period, from defrost termination to defrost termination
2.38
temperature of saturated vapour at the discharge of the compressor
temperature of saturated vapour/bubble point of the refrigerant corresponding to the discharge pressure of the
compressor, measured at the compressor/piping connection
2.39
temperature of the liquid refrigerant
temperature of the refrigerant measured at the inlet of the expansion device
2.40
glide
difference between dew point temperature and bubble point temperature at a given pressure
2.41
brine
heat transfer medium that has a freezing point depressed relative to water
2.42
sound power level
LW
ten times the logarithm to the base 10 of the ratio of the given sound power to the reference sound power
-12
expressed in decibels. The reference sound power is 1 pW (10 W)
2.43
standard rating condition
mandatory condition that is used for marking and for comparison or certification purposes
2.44
application rating condition
rating condition which is mandatory if it falls within the operating range of the unit. Results based on
application rating conditions are published by the manufacturer or supplier
2.45
basic multi-split system
split system incorporating a single refrigerant circuit, with one or more compressors, multiple indoor units
designed for individual operation and one outdoor unit. The system has no more than two steps of control by
either two compressors or by compressor unloading and is capable of operating either as an air-conditioner or
a heat pump. A system having a variable speed compressor where a fixed combination of indoor units is
specified by the manufacturer is also considered as a basic multi-split system

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

2.46
multiple circuit multi-split system
split system incorporating multiple refrigerant circuits, two or more single speed compressors, multiple indoor units
and an integrated heat exchanger in a single outdoor unit and is capable of operating either as an air conditioner
or a heat pump
2.47
modular multi-split system
split system air conditioner or heat pump incorporating a single refrigerant circuit, at least one variable speed
compressor or an alternative compressor combination for varying the capacity of the system by three or more
steps, multiple indoor units, each of which can be individually controlled, one or more outdoor units and is
capable of operating either as an air conditioner or a heat pump
2.48
modular heat recovery multi-split system
split system air conditioner or heat pump incorporating a single refrigerant circuit, at least one variable-speed
compressor or an alternate compressor combination for varying the capacity of the system by three or more
steps, multiple indoor units, each capable of being individually controlled and one or more outdoor units. This
system is capable of operating as a heat pump where recovered heat from the indoor units operating in the
cooling mode can be transferred to one or more units operating in the heating mode
NOTE

This may be achieved by a gas/liquid separator or a third line in the refrigeration circuit.

2.49
rated capacity
capacity measured in the standard rating conditions
2.50
system capacity
capacity of the system when all outdoor and indoor units are operating in the same mode
2.51
system reduced capacity
capacity of the system when some of the indoor units are disconnected
2.52
system capacity ratio
ratio of the total stated cooling (heating) capacity of all operating indoor units to the stated cooling (heating)
capacity of the outdoor unit at the rating conditions
2.53
heat recovery efficiency
HRE
ratio of the total capacity of the system (heating plus cooling capacity) to the effective power input when
operating in the heat recovery mode
2.54
standard air
dry air at 20 C and at standard barometric pressure of 101,325 kPa, having a mass density of 1,204 kg/m

Classification

The units are denominated in such a way that the heat transfer medium for the outdoor heat exchanger is
indicated first, followed by the heat transfer medium for the indoor heat exchanger (see Table 1).

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

Table 1 Most common types of units


Heat transfer medium
Outdoor heat exchanger
Indoor heat exchanger
Air
Air

10

Water

Air

Brine

Air

Air

Water

Water

Water

Brine

Water

Classification
Air/air heat pump or air cooled air
conditioner
Water/air heat pump or water
cooled air conditioner
Brine/air heat pump or brine
cooled air conditioner
Air/water heat pump or air cooled
liquid chilling package
Water/water heat pump or water
cooled liquid chilling package
Brine/water heat pump or brine
cooled chilling package

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

Index

2.1 ......................................................................... 4, 5, 6
2.10 ............................................................................... 5
2.11 ............................................................................... 5
2.12 ............................................................................... 5
2.13 ............................................................................... 6
2.14 ............................................................................... 6
2.15 ............................................................................... 6
2.16 ............................................................................... 6
2.17 ............................................................................... 6
2.18 ............................................................................... 6
2.2 ............................................................................. 6, 7
2.20 ............................................................................... 6
2.21 ............................................................................... 6
2.23 ............................................................................... 6
2.24 ............................................................................... 6
2.25 ............................................................................... 7
2.26 ............................................................................... 7
2.27 ............................................................................... 7
2.28 ............................................................................... 7
2.3 ......................................................................... 5, 7, 8
2.30 ............................................................................... 7
2.31 ............................................................................... 7
2.33 ............................................................................... 7
2.34 ............................................................................... 8
2.35 ............................................................................... 8
2.36 ............................................................................... 8
2.37 ............................................................................... 8
2.38 ............................................................................... 8
2.4 ......................................................................... 5, 8, 9
2.40 ............................................................................... 8
2.41 ............................................................................... 8
2.42 ............................................................................... 8
2.43 ............................................................................... 8
2.44 ............................................................................... 8
2.45 ............................................................................... 9
2.46 ............................................................................... 9
2.47 ............................................................................... 9
2.48 ............................................................................... 9
2.5 ............................................................................. 5, 9
2.50 ............................................................................... 9
2.51 ............................................................................... 9
2.53 ............................................................................... 9
2.6 ................................................................................. 5
2.7 ................................................................................. 5
2.8 ................................................................................. 5
2.9 ................................................................................. 5

basic multi-split system................................................. 8


brine .................................................................... 4, 8, 10

A
air conditioner ............................................. 4, 5, 6, 9, 10
application rating condition........................................... 8
application rating conditions ......................................... 8

C
close control air conditioner .......................................... 5
coefficient of performance ............................................ 7
comfort air conditioner or heat pump............................ 5
control cabinet air conditioner....................................... 5
D
defrost mode.................................................................. 8
defrost period ................................................................ 8
E
effective power input................................................. 7, 9
energy efficiency ratio................................................... 7
exhaust air ..................................................................... 6
G
glide............................................................................... 8
H
heat pump ................................................ 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
heat recovery ..................................................... 5, 6, 7, 9
heat recovery capacity................................................... 7
heat recovery efficiency ................................................ 9
heat recovery heat exchanger .................................... 6, 7
heat recovery liquid chilling package........................ 5, 7
heat rejection capacity................................................... 7
heat transfer medium......................................... 6, 7, 8, 9
I
indoor heat exchanger ....................................... 5, 6, 7, 9
L
latent cooling capacity................................................. 6
liquid chilling package ........................................ 4, 5, 10
M
modular heat recovery multi-split system ..................... 9
modular multi-split system............................................ 9
multiple circuit multi-split system................................. 9
O
operating cycle with defrost .......................................... 8
operating range.......................................................... 7, 8
outdoor air ..................................................................... 6
outdoor heat exchanger ......................................... 6, 8, 9
outside air ...................................................................... 6
P
packaged unit ................................................................ 5

11

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

R
rated capacity.................................................................9
rating condition..............................................................8
rating conditions ........................................................7, 9
recycled air ....................................................................6
S
sensible cooling capacity ...........................................6, 7
sensible heat ratio ..........................................................7
single split unit ..............................................................5
single-duct air conditioner .............................................5
sound power level ........................................................8
standard air ....................................................................9
standard rating condition ...........................................8, 9

12

system capacity............................................................. 9
system capacity ratio .................................................... 9
system reduced capacity ............................................... 9
T
temperature of saturated vapour at the discharge of the
compressor................................................................ 8
temperature of the liquid refrigerant ............................. 8
the refrigerating cycle, like a heat pump .................. 5
total cooling capacity .............................................. 6, 7
total power input......................................................... 7
W
water loop ..................................................................... 6

NBN EN 14511-1 (2008)

EN 14511-1:2007 (E)

Bibliography

[1] CEN/TS 14825, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Testing and rating at part load conditions

13

ICS: 23.120

Geregistreerde
Belgische norm

NBN EN 14511-2
2e uitg., mei 2008

Normklasse: D 40

Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en


warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven compressoren voor
ruimteverwarming en -koeling - Deel 2: Beproevingsomstandigheden
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur
lectrique pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 2: Conditions d'essai
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 2: Test conditions

Toelating tot publicatie: 29 januari 2008


Vervangt NBN EN 14511-2 (2004).
Deze Europese norm EN 14511-2:2008 heeft de status van een Belgische norm.
Deze Europese norm bestaat in drie officile versies (Duits, Engels, Frans).

Bureau voor Normalisatie Brabanonnelaan 29 B-1000 Brussel Belgi


Tel: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Bank 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110
BIC BPOT BEB1
BTW: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prijsgroep: 14

ICS: 23.120

norme belge
enregistre

NBN EN 14511-2
2e d., mai 2008

Indice de classement: D 40

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur


avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique pour le chauffage et la
rfrigration des locaux - Partie 2: Conditions d'essai
Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven
compressoren voor ruimteverwarming en -koeling - Deel 2: Beproevingsomstandigheden
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 2: Test conditions

Autorisation de publication: 29 janvier 2008


Remplace NBN EN 14511-2 (2004).
La prsente norme europenne EN 14511-2:2008 a le statut d'une norme belge.
La prsente norme europenne existe en trois versions officielles (allemand, anglais, franais).

Bureau de Normalisation - Avenue de la Brabanonne 29 - 1000 Bruxelles - Belgique


Tl: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Banque 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110 BIC BPOT BEB1 TVA: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prix: groupe 14

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 14511-2

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

November 2007

ICS 23.120

Supersedes EN 14511-2:2004

English Version

Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with


electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling Part 2: Test conditions
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes
chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique
pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 2:
Conditions d'essai

Luftkonditionierer, Flssigkeitskhlstze und


Wrmepumpen mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern
fr die Raumbeheizung und Khlung - Teil 2:
Prfbedingungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 October 2007.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2007 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 14511-2:2007: E

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Contents

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4

Normative references ............................................................................................................................4

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................4

4
4.1
4.2

Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................5


Environmental conditions and electrical power supply requirements ............................................5
Rating conditions...................................................................................................................................5

Annex A (normative) Energy labelling application .......................................................................................13


A.1
General..................................................................................................................................................13
A.2
Rating conditions.................................................................................................................................13
A.2.1 General..................................................................................................................................................13
A.2.2 Air-cooled air conditioners (air-to-air conditioners) ........................................................................13
A.2.3 Single-duct air conditioners ...............................................................................................................13
A.2.4 Water-cooled air conditioners (water-to-air conditioners) ..............................................................13
A.2.5 Double duct air conditioners ..............................................................................................................14
A.2.6 Other appliances..................................................................................................................................14
A.3
Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................14
A.4
Tolerances permitted on declared values .........................................................................................14
A.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................14
A.4.2 First testing ..........................................................................................................................................14
A.4.3 Second testing .....................................................................................................................................15
Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................16

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 14511-2:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 113 Heat pumps
and air conditioning units, the secretariat of which is held by AENOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by May 2008.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 14511-2:2004.
EN 14511 comprises the following parts under the general title "Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and
heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling:
-

Part 1: Terms and definitions

Part 2: Test conditions

Part 3: Test methods

Part 4: Requirements

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

Scope

This part of EN 14511 specifies the test conditions for the rating of air and water cooled air conditioners, liquid
chilling packages, air-to-air, water-to-air, air-to-water and water-to-water heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors when used for space heating and/or cooling. It also specifies test conditions for heat recovery
operation of multisplit systems.
This European Standard applies to factory-made units that can be ducted.
This standard applies to factory-made liquid chilling packages with integral condensers or for use with remote
condensers.
This standard applies to factory-made units of either fixed capacity or variable capacity by any means.
Packaged units, single split and multisplit systems are covered by this standard. Single duct and double duct units
are covered by the standard.
In the case of units consisting of several parts, the standard applies only to those designed and supplied as a
complete package, except for liquid chilling packages with remote condenser.
This standard is primarily intended for water and brine chilling packages but can be used for other liquid subject to
agreement.
This standard applies to air-to-air air conditioners which evaporate the condensate on the condenser side.
The units having their condenser cooled by air and by the evaporation of external additional water are not
covered by this standard.
This standard does not apply to units using transcritical cycles, e.g. with CO2 as refrigerant.
Installations used for heating and/or cooling of industrial processes are not within the scope of this standard.
NOTE

Part load testing of units is dealt with in CEN/TS 14825.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 14511-1:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling - Part 1: Terms and definitions
EN 14511-3:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling - Part 3: Test methods
EN 14511-4:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling - Part 4: Requirements

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 14511-1:2007 apply.

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

4
4.1

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Test conditions
Environmental conditions and electrical power supply requirements

The tests shall be carried out under the environmental conditions specified in Table 1 or Table 2 depending on the
location of the unit.
For all units, electrical power voltage and frequency shall be given by the manufacturer.
Table 1 Environmental conditions for units designed for installation indoors
Type

Measured quantities

Rating test

Water-to-water units

Dry bulb temperature

15 C to 30 C

Air-to-water units with duct connection on


the air inlet and outlet side

Dry bulb temperature

15 C to 30 C

Dry bulb temperature


Wet bulb temperature

As inlet temperatures see


Table 9 or Table 10

Dry bulb temperature

15 C to 30 C

Dry bulb temperature


Wet bulb temperature

As inlet temperatures see


Table 5 or Table 6

Dry bulb temperature

15 C to 30 C

Dry bulb temperature

As inlet temperatures see


Table 3 or Table 4

Air-to-water units without duct connection


on the air inlet side
Water-to-air units with duct connection
on the air inlet and outlet side
Water-to-air units without duct connection
on the air inlet and outlet side
Air-to-air units with duct connection
on the indoor air inlet and outlet side
Air-to-air units without duct connection
on the indoor air inlet and outlet side

Wet bulb temperature

Table 2 Environmental conditions for units designed for installation outdoors


Type
Air-to-water units

Measured quantities
Dry bulb temperature
Wet bulb temperature

Water-to-air units without duct connection


on the air inlet side

Dry bulb temperature

Air-to-air units with duct connection on the


indoor air inlet and outlet side

Dry bulb temperature

4.2

Wet bulb temperature


Wet bulb temperature

Rating test
As inlet temperatures see
Table 9 and Table 10
As inlet temperatures see
Table 5 and Table 6
As inlet temperatures see
Table 3 and Table 4

Rating conditions

For the rating tests, the appropriate test conditions shall be applied in accordance with:

Table 3 for air-to-air units in heating mode;

Table 4 for air-to-air units in cooling mode;

Table 5 for water-to-air units in heating mode;

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 6 for water-to-air units in cooling mode;

Table 7 for water-to-water units in heating mode;

Table 8 for water-to-water units in cooling mode;

Table 9 for air-to-water in heating mode;

Table 10 for air-to-water in cooling mode;

Table 11 for liquid chilling packages with remote condenser;

Table 12 for liquid chilling packages for heat recovery condenser;

Table 13 for basic, multiple circuit and modular air-cooled multisplit systems in the heating mode;

Table 14 for basic, multiple circuit and modular air-cooled multisplit systems in the cooling mode;

Table 15 for modular heat recovery air-cooled multisplit systems;

Table 16 for basic, multiple circuit and modular water-cooled multisplit systems in the heating mode;

Table 17 for basic, multiple circuit and modular water-cooled multisplit systems in the cooling mode.

For units with brine, the test shall be carried out with the brine specified by the manufacturer, see 7.2.1 of EN
14511-4:2007.
Table 3 Air-to air heat pumps - Heating mode

Outside air / recycled air


(e.g. window, double duct,
Standard rating
split units)
Conditions
Exhaust air / recycled air
Exhaust air / outdoor air
Outside air / recycled air
(e.g. window, double duct,
split units)
Outside air / recycled air
(e.g. window, double duct,
Application rating
split units)
conditions
Outside air / recycled air
(e.g. window, double duct,
split units)
Exhaust air / outdoor air
Exhaust air / outdoor air

Outdoor heat exchanger


Indoor heat exchanger
Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
C
7
6
20
15 max
20
20

12
12

20
7

12
6

20

15 max.

-7

-8

20

15 max.

- 15

20

15 max.

20
20

12
12

2
-7

1
-8

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 4 Air-to air heat pumps and air conditioners - Cooling mode

Comfort (outside air /


recycled air) (e.g. window,
double duct, split units)
Comfort (exhaust air /
recycled air)
Standard rating
Comfort
(exhaust air /
Conditions
outdoor air)
b, c
Single duct
Control cabinet
Close control
Comfort (outside air /
recycled air) (e.g. window,
double duct, split units)
b, c
Single duct
Application rating
Comfort (outside air /
conditions
recycled air) (e.g. window,
double duct, split units)
Control cabinet
Close control

Outdoor heat exchanger


Indoor heat exchanger
Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
C
a
27
19
35
24
27

19

27

19

27

19

35

24

35
35
35

24
24
24

35
35
24

24
24
17

21

15

27

19

29

19

35
21

24
15

27
27
46
50
27

19

19
24

30
19

The wet bulb temperature condition is not required when testing units which do not evaporate condensate.
When using the calorimeter room method, pressure equilibrium between indoor and outdoor compartments shall be
obtained by introducing into indoor compartment, air at the same rating temperature conditions.
c
The pressure difference between the two compartments of the calorimeter room shall not be greater than 1,25 Pa. This
pressure equilibrium can be achieved by using an equalising device or by creating an open space area in the separation
partition wall, which dimensions shall be calculated for the maximum airflow of the unit to be tested. If an open space is
created in the partition wall, an air sampling device or several temperature sensors shall be used to measure the
temperature of the air from the outdoor compartment to the indoor compartment
b

Table 5 Water-to-air heat pumps - Heating mode

Standard rating
conditions
Application rating
conditions
a

Water
Brine
Water loop
Water
Brine
Brine

Outdoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature
C
C
a
15
12/
a
0
-3/
a
20
17/
b
10
b
5
b
-5

Inlet heat exchanger


Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature Temperature
C
C
20
15 max.
20
15 max.
20
15 max.
20
15 max.
20
15 max.
20
15 max.

For units designed for heating and cooling mode, the flow rate obtained during the test at standard rating conditions in
cooling mode (see Table 6) is used.
b
The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 6 Water-to-air heat pumps and air conditioners - Cooling mode

Standard rating
conditions

Application rating
conditions
a

Comfort
Control cabinet
Close control
Comfort
Comfort
Close control
Close control

Outdoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature
C
C
30
35
15
20
30
35
a
15
a
40
a
15
a
40

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature temperature
C
C
27
19
35
24
24
17
27
19
27
19
21
15
24
17

The test is performed at the water flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

Table 7 Water-to-water heat pumps - Heating mode


Outdoor heat exchanger
Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature
C
C

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature
C
C

Water
10
7
40
45
a
Brine
0
-3
40
45
a
Standard rating
Water (for floor heating or
10
7
30
35
conditions
similar application)
a
30
35
Brine (for floor heating or
0
-3
similar application)
b
b
Water
15
45
b
b
Brine
5
45
b
b
Application rating
Brine (for floor heating or
5
35
conditions
similar application)
b
b
Brine
-5
45
b
b
Brine
0
55
b
b
55
Water
10
a
For units designed for heating and cooling mode, the flow rate obtained during the test at standard rating conditions in
cooling mode (see Table 8) is used.
b
The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

Table 8 Water-to-water heat pumps and liquid chilling packages - Cooling mode
Outdoor heat exchanger
Inlet
Outlet
temperature
temperature
C
C
30
35

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature
temperature
C
C
12
7

Water to water and brine to


water
Standard rating
Water to brine
30
35
0
-5
conditions
Water to water and brine to
30
35
23
18
water (for floor cooling or
similar application)
a
a
Application rating
Water to water
15
7
a
a
conditions
Water to brine
15
-5
a
The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 9 Air-to-water heat pumps - Heating mode


Outdoor heat exchanger
Inlet dry bulb
Inlet wet bulb
temperature
temperature
C
C
7
6
20
12

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature
temperature
C
C
40
45
40
45

Outdoor air
Exhaust air
Standard rating
Outdoor air (for floor heating
7
6
30
conditions
or similar application)
Outdoor air (for floor heating
a
2
1
or similar application)
Outdoor air (for floor heating
a
-7
-8
or similar application)
Outdoor air (for floor heating
a
- 15
Application rating
or similar application)
a
conditions
Outdoor air
2
1
a
Outdoor air
-7
-8
a
Outdoor air
- 15
a
Outdoor air
7
6
a
Outdoor air
-7
-8
a
The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

35
35
35
35
45
45
45
55
55

Table 10 Air-to-water heat pumps and liquid chilling packages - Cooling mode

Standard rating
conditions

Application rating
conditions
a

water
brine
water (for floor cooling or
similar application)
water
water (for floor cooling or
similar application)
water
brine

Outdoor heat exchanger


Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature
temperature
C
C
35
35
-

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature
C
C
12
7
0
-5

35

23

18

27

27

18

46
27

7
-5

The test is performed at the water flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 11 Liquid chilling packages with remote condenser


Indoor heat exchanger
Inlet
Outlet
temperature
temperature
C
C
Standard rating
conditions

Application rating
conditions
a
b

Refrigerant side
Liquid
Saturated vapour/
temperature
bubble point
a
temperature
C
C

Water

12

45

40

Brine

-5

45

40

Water

35

30

Brine

-5

35

30

The bubble point is defined from the pressure measured at the discharge of the compressor.
The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

Table 12 Liquid chilling packages with heat recovery condenser


Condenser
Standard rating
conditions

Air inlet dry bulb Water inlet


a
b
temperature
temperature
C
C
35
30

Heat recovery water heat


exchanger
Water outlet Brine outlet
Inlet
Outlet
temperature temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
C
7
-5
40
45
Evaporator

If the air cooled condenser is ducted then the test shall be conducted at the minimum flow rate specified
by the manufacturer.
b
At the minimum flow rate specified by the manufacturer.
c
With the flow rate as determined during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions (see Table 8 or
Table 10).

Table 13 Heating capacity conditions for air-cooled multisplit systems

Standard rating
conditions
Application rating
conditions

Outdoor heat exchanger


Indoor heat exchanger
Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
C
7
6
20
15 max.
2
-7

1
-8

20
20

15 max.
15 max.

Table 14 Cooling capacity conditions for air-cooled multisplit systems

Standard rating
conditions
Application rating
conditions
a

Outdoor heat exchanger


Indoor heat exchanger
Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
C
a
35
24
27
19
27
46

19
a
24

21
29

15
19

The wet bulb condition is not required when testing units which do not evaporate
condensate.

10

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 15 Heat recovery conditions for air-cooled multisplit systems

Application
rating
conditions

Outdoor
side
Indoor Heating
side
Cooling

Three room
calorimeter or
air enthalpy
Dry bulb
Wet bulb
temperature temperature
C
C
7
6
20
27

Two room
Air enthalpy
Dry bulb
temperature
C
7

Wet bulb
temperature
C
6

20
20

19
19

19

Table 16 Heating capacity conditions for water-cooled multisplit systems


Outdoor heat exchanger
Inlet
temperature
C

Standard rating
conditions

Application rating
conditions

Outlet
temperature
C

Indoor heat exchanger


Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb
temperature Temperature
C
C

Water

15

12/

20

15 max.

Brine

-3/

20

15 max.

Water loop

20

17/

20

15 max.

Water

10

20

15 max.

Brine

20

15 max.

Brine

-5

20

15 max.

For units designed for heating and cooling mode, the flow rate obtained during the test at standard rating
conditions in cooling mode (see Table 17) is used.
b

The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating
conditions.

11

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Table 17 Cooling capacity conditions for water-cooled multisplit systems


Outdoor heat exchanger

Standard rating
conditions
Application rating
conditions
a

Indoor heat exchanger

Inlet
temperature
C

Outlet
temperature
C

30

35

27

19

15

27

19

40

27

19

Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb


temperature temperature
C
C

The test is performed at the nominal water flow rate obtained during the test at
the corresponding standard rating conditions.

12

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

Annex A
(normative)
Energy labelling application

A.1 General
The present standard shall be used to declare the energy efficiency class and to provide performance
characteristics of air conditioners and heat pumps under the scope of the Energy Labelling Directive
2002/31/EC, for both the labelling and the technical documentation.

A.2 Rating conditions


A.2.1 General
The rating conditions for which the performance are declared are indicated in this standard and are specified
hereafter for each type of product covered by the energy labelling.
The performance rating shall be established in accordance with the test procedure of EN 14511-3.

A.2.2 Air-cooled air conditioners (air-to-air conditioners)


Standard rating conditions comfort indicated in Table 4 shall be used to determine the cooling capacity, the
EER, the annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of single split and packaged air-cooled air
conditioners.
For reverse cycle units, the heating capacity and the efficiency class shall be determined from one of the
standard rating conditions indicated in Table 3 depending of the heat source and heat sink.
Standard rating conditions indicated in Table 14 shall be used to determine the cooling capacity, the EER, the
annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of air-cooled multisplit air conditioners.
For reverse cycle units, the heating capacity and the efficiency class shall be determined from the standard
rating conditions indicated in Table 13.

A.2.3 Single-duct air conditioners


Standard rating conditions single-duct indicated in Table 4 shall be used to determine the cooling capacity,
the EER, the annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of single-duct units.

A.2.4 Water-cooled air conditioners (water-to-air conditioners)


Standard rating conditions comfort indicated in Table 6 shall be used to determine the cooling capacity, the
EER, the annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of split and packaged water-cooled air
conditioners.
For reverse cycle units, the heating capacity and the efficiency class shall be determined from one of the
standard rating conditions indicated in Table 5 depending of the heat source: water, brine or close loop.
Standard rating conditions indicated in Table 17 shall be used to determine the cooling capacity, the EER, the
annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of water-cooled multisplit air conditioners.

13

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

For reverse cycle units, the heating capacity and the efficiency class shall be determined from the standard
rating conditions indicated in Table 16.

A.2.5 Double duct air conditioners


Standard rating conditions comfort (outside air / recycled air) indicated in Table 4 shall be used to determine
the cooling capacity, the EER, the annual energy consumption and the efficiency class of double duct air
conditioners.
For reverse cycle units, the heating capacity and the efficiency class shall be determined from the standard
rating conditions "Outside air / recycled air" indicated in Table 3.

A.2.6 Other appliances


Single-duct units operating in the heating mode to which Table 3.3 of Annex IV of Directive 2002/31/EC refers
are not covered by EN 14511.

A.3 Test procedure


When the present standard is used for the energy labelling of air conditioners and heat pumps below 12 kW,
the cooling / heating capacities, power input and EER/COP as well as the energy efficiency class of a product
shall be determined by using exclusively the calorimeter room method.
For ducted units, the settings of the air flow rate and external static pressure shall be made prior to the cooling
/ heating capacity tests, according to EN 14511-3:2007, 4.4.1. Once determined, the static pressure shall be
set, with dry coil, by adjusting to the air discharge area of the unit, a length of duct equipped with a damper
which position shall not be changed during the capacity tests.
The length of duct and the distance of the damper from the discharge section of the unit shall conform to the
requirements of EN 14511-3:2007, B.2.1.

A.4 Tolerances permitted on declared values


A.4.1 General
The following requirements apply to the declared values.
The requirements for the uncertainties of measurement of 4.3 of EN 14511-3:2007 shall be respected.

A.4.2 First testing


The performance published data shall be accepted as valid when a sample of a model, tested in accordance
with the present standard, shall meet the following criteria for cooling and heating mode as applicable:
Tested cooling and heating capacity

0,88 X declared capacity

Tested EER

0,85 X declared EER

Tested COP

0,85 X declared COP

14

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

A.4.3 Second testing


If the result of test on capacity and/or EER/COP carried out on the first appliance is not in compliance with the
requirements given in A.4.2, a second test shall be carried out on one other appliance. This second test shall
meet the following criteria for cooling and heating mode as applicable:
Tested cooling and heating capacity

0,88 X declared capacity

Tested EER

0,85 X declared EER

Tested COP

0,85 X declared COP

15

EN 14511-2:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-2 (2008)

Bibliography

[1]

CEN/TS 14825, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Testing and rating at part load conditions

[2]

Commission Directive 2002/31/EC Implementation of Council Directive 92/75/EEC with regard to


energy labelling of household air-conditioners

16

ICS: 23.120

Geregistreerde
Belgische norm

NBN EN 14511-3
2e uitg., mei 2008

Normklasse: D 40

Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en


warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven compressoren voor
ruimteverwarming en voor koeling - Deel 3: Beproevingsmethoden
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur
lectrique pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 3 : Mthodes d'essai
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 3: Test methods

Toelating tot publicatie: 29 januari 2008


Vervangt NBN EN 14511-3 (2004).
Deze Europese norm EN 14511-3:2008 heeft de status van een Belgische norm.
Deze Europese norm bestaat in drie officile versies (Duits, Engels, Frans).

Bureau voor Normalisatie Brabanonnelaan 29 B-1000 Brussel Belgi


Tel: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Bank 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110
BIC BPOT BEB1
BTW: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prijsgroep: 20

ICS: 23.120

norme belge
enregistre

NBN EN 14511-3
2e d., mai 2008

Indice de classement: D 40

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur


avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique pour le chauffage et la
rfrigration des locaux - Partie 3 : Mthodes d'essai
Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven
compressoren voor ruimteverwarming en voor koeling - Deel 3: Beproevingsmethoden
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 3: Test methods

Autorisation de publication: 29 janvier 2008


Remplace NBN EN 14511-3 (2004).
La prsente norme europenne EN 14511-3:2008 a le statut d'une norme belge.
La prsente norme europenne existe en trois versions officielles (allemand, anglais, franais).

Bureau de Normalisation - Avenue de la Brabanonne 29 - 1000 Bruxelles - Belgique


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NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 14511-3

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

November 2007

ICS 23.120

Supersedes EN 14511-3:2004

English Version

Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with


electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling Part 3: Test methods
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes
chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique
pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 3 :
Mthodes d'essai

Luftkonditionierer, Flssigkeitskhlstze und


Wrmepumpen mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern
fr die Raumbeheizung und Khlung - Teil 3: Prfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 October 2007.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2007 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 14511-3:2007: E

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Contents

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................4
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5

Normative references ............................................................................................................................5

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5

4
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
4.1.7
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.3
4.5.4

Rating capacity test ...............................................................................................................................6


Basic principles .....................................................................................................................................6
Heating capacity ....................................................................................................................................6
Cooling capacity ....................................................................................................................................6
Heat recovery capacity..........................................................................................................................7
Power input of fans for units without duct connection .....................................................................7
Power input of fans for units with duct connection...........................................................................8
Power input of liquid pumps ................................................................................................................8
Units for use with remote condenser ..................................................................................................9
Test apparatus .......................................................................................................................................9
Arrangement of the test apparatus ......................................................................................................9
Installation and connection of the test object ..................................................................................10
Uncertainties of measurement ...........................................................................................................11
Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................12
General..................................................................................................................................................12
Output measurement for water-to-water and water-to-air units .....................................................14
Output measurement for cooling capacity of air-to-water and air-to-air units .............................14
Output measurement for heating capacity of air-to-water and air-to-air units .............................15
Test results...........................................................................................................................................17
Data to be recorded .............................................................................................................................17
Cooling capacity and heat recovery capacity calculation...............................................................19
Heating capacity calculation ..............................................................................................................20
Effective power input calculation.......................................................................................................20

5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.2
5.3

Heat recovery test for air-cooled multisplit systems .......................................................................20


Test installation....................................................................................................................................20
General..................................................................................................................................................20
Three-room calorimeter method ........................................................................................................21
Three-room air-enthalpy method .......................................................................................................21
Two-room air-enthalpy method ..........................................................................................................21
Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................21
Test results...........................................................................................................................................21

6
6.1
6.2
6.3

Test report ............................................................................................................................................21


General information.............................................................................................................................21
Additional information ........................................................................................................................22
Rating test results................................................................................................................................22

Annex A (informative) Calorimeter test method............................................................................................23


Annex B (informative) Indoor air enthalpy test method ...............................................................................31
Annex C (informative) Heating capacity tests - Flow chart and examples of different test
sequences ............................................................................................................................................33
Annex D (informative) Conformance criteria .................................................................................................37
Annex E (informative) Symbols used in annexes .........................................................................................38
Annex F (informative) Test at system reduced capacity ..............................................................................40

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex G (informative) Individual unit tests...................................................................................................41


Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................43

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Foreword
This document (EN 14511-3:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 113 Heat pumps
and air conditioning units, the secretariat of which is held by AENOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by May 2008.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 14511-3:2004.
EN 14511 comprises the following parts under the general title "Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and
heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling:
-

Part 1: Terms and definitions

Part 2: Test conditions

Part 3: Test methods

Part 4: Requirements

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Scope

This part of EN 14511 specifies the test methods for the rating and performance of air and water-cooled air
conditioners, liquid chilling packages, air-to-air, water-to-air, air-to-water and water-to-water heat pumps with
electrically driven compressors when used for space heating and cooling.
It also specifies the method of testing and reporting for heat recovery capacities, system reduced capacities and
the capacity of individual indoor units of multisplit systems, where applicable.
This European Standard applies to factory-made units that can be ducted.
This standard applies to factory-made liquid chilling packages with integral condensers or for use with remote
condensers.
This standard applies to factory-made units of either fixed capacity or variable capacity by any means.
Packaged units, single split and multisplit systems are covered by this standard. Single duct and double duct units
are covered by the standard.
In the case of units consisting of several parts, the standard applies only to those designed and supplied as a
complete package, except for liquid chilling packages with remote condenser.
This standard is primarily intended for water and brine chilling packages but can be used for other liquid subject to
agreement.
This standard applies to air-to-air air conditioners which evaporate the condensate on the condenser side.
The units having their condenser cooled by air and by the evaporation of external additional water are not
covered by this standard.
This standard does not apply to units using transcritical cycles, e.g. with CO2 as refrigerant.
Installations used for heating and/or cooling of industrial processes are not within the scope of this standard.
NOTE 1

Part load testing of units is dealt with in CEN/TS 14825.

NOTE 2

All the symbols given in this text should be used regardless of the language used.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 14511-1:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Part 1: Terms and definitions
EN 14511-2:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Part 2: Test conditions

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 14511-1:2007 apply.

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Rating capacity test

4.1

Basic principles

4.1.1

Heating capacity

The heating capacity of air conditioners and of air-to-air or water-to-air heat pumps shall be determined by
measurements in a calorimeter room or by the air enthalpy method which are described in Annex A and Annex B
respectively.
The heating capacity of air-to-water, water-to-water heat pumps and liquid chilling packages shall be determined
in accordance with the direct method at the water or brine heat exchanger, by determination of the volume flow of
the heat transfer medium, and the inlet and outlet temperatures, taking into consideration the specific heat
capacity and density of the heat transfer medium.
For steady state operation, the heating capacity shall be determined using the following formula:

PH = q c p t

(1)

where:
PH

is the heat capacity, in Watts;

is the volume flow rate, in cubic metres per second;

is the density, in kilograms per cubic metre;

cp

is the specific heat at constant pressure, in joules per kilogram and kelvin;

is the difference between inlet and outlet temperatures, in kelvin.

For the heating capacity calculation in transient operation, refer to 4.5.3.2.


The heating capacity shall be corrected for the heat from the fan or pump:

if the fan or pump at the indoor heat exchanger is an integral part of the unit, the same power (calculated
in 4.1.5.1 or 4.1.6.1) which is excluded from the total power input shall be also subtracted from the
heating capacity;

If the fan or pump at the indoor heat exchanger is not an integral part of the unit, the same power
(calculated in 4.1.5.2 or 4.1.6.2) which is included in the effective power input shall be also added to the
heating capacity.

4.1.2

Cooling capacity

The cooling capacity of air conditioners and of air-to-air or water-to-air heat pumps shall be determined by
measurements in a calorimeter room or by the air enthalpy method which are described in Annex A and Annex B
respectively.
The cooling capacity of air-to-water, water-to-water heat pumps and liquid chilling packages shall be determined
in accordance with the direct method at the water or brine heat exchanger, by determination of the volume flow of
the heat transfer medium, and the inlet and outlet temperatures, taking into consideration the specific heat
capacity and density of the heat transfer medium.
The cooling capacity shall be determined using the following formula:

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

PC = q c p t

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

(2)

where:
PC

is the cooling capacity, in Watts;

is the volume flow rate, in cubic metres per second;

is the density, in kilograms per cubic metre;

cp

is the specific heat at constant pressure, in joules per kilogram and kelvin;

is the difference between inlet and outlet temperatures, in kelvin.

The cooling capacity shall be corrected for the heat from the fan or pump:
a) If the fan or pump at the evaporator is an integral part of the unit, the same power (calculated in 4.1.5.1 or
4.1.6.1) which is excluded from the total power input is also added to the cooling capacity.
b) If the fan or pump at the evaporator is not an integral part of the unit, the same power (calculated in
4.1.5.2 or 4.1.6.2) which is included in the effective power input is also subtracted from the cooling
capacity.
4.1.3

Heat recovery capacity

The heat recovery capacity of air-to-water and water-to-water heat pumps and liquid chilling packages shall be
determined in accordance with the direct method at the water or brine heat exchanger, by determination of the
volume flow of the heat transfer medium, and the inlet and outlet temperatures, taking into consideration the
specific heat capacity and density of the heat transfer medium.
The heat recovery capacity shall be determined using the following formula:

PHR = q c p t

(3)

where:
PHR

is the heat recovery capacity, in Watts;

is the volume flow rate, in cubic metres per second;

is the density, in kilograms per cubic metre;

cp

is the specific heat at constant pressure, in joules per kilogram and kelvin;

is the difference between inlet and outlet temperatures in kelvin.

4.1.4

Power input of fans for units without duct connection

In the case of units which are not designed for duct connection, i.e. which do not permit any external pressure
differences, and which are equipped with an integral fan, the power absorbed by the fan shall be included in the
effective power absorbed by the unit.

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

4.1.5

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Power input of fans for units with duct connection

4.1.5.1
If a fan is an integral part of the unit, only a fraction of the input of the fan motor shall be included
in the effective power absorbed by the unit. The fraction that is to be excluded from the total power absorbed
by the unit shall be calculated using the following formula:

q p e

[W]

(4)

where:

pe is the measured available external static pressure difference, in Pascals;

is 0,3 by convention;

is the nominal air flow rate, in cubic meters per second.

4.1.5.2
If no fan is provided with the unit, the proportional power input which is to be included in the
effective power absorbed by the unit, shall be calculated using the following formula:

q p i

[W]

(5)

where:

pi is the measured internal static pressure difference, in Pascals;

4.1.6

is 0,3 by convention;

is the nominal air flow rate, in cubic meters per second.


Power input of liquid pumps

4.1.6.1
If a liquid pump is an integral part of the unit, only a fraction of the input to the pump motor shall
be included in the effective power absorbed by the unit. The fraction which is to be excluded from the total
power absorbed by the unit shall be calculated using the following formula:

q p e

[W]

(6)

where:

pe is the measured available external static pressure difference, in Pascals;

is 0,3 by convention;

is the nominal water flow rate, in cubic meters per second.

4.1.6.2
If no liquid pump is provided with the unit, the proportional power input which is to be included in
the effective power absorbed by the unit, shall be calculated using the following formula:

q p i

[W]

(7)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

where:

pi is the measured internal static pressure difference, in Pascals;

is 0,3 by convention;

is the nominal water flow rate, in cubic meters per second.

4.1.6.3
In the case of appliances designed especially to operate on a distributing network of pressurised
water without water-pump, no correction is to be applied to the power input.
4.1.7

Units for use with remote condenser

The power from the auxiliary liquid pump of the remote condenser shall not be taken into account in the
effective power input.

4.2

Test apparatus

4.2.1
4.2.1.1

Arrangement of the test apparatus


General requirements

The test apparatus shall be designed in such a way that all requirements on adjustment of set values, stability
criteria and uncertainties of measurement according to this European Standard can be fulfilled.
4.2.1.2

Test room for the air side

The size of the test room shall be selected such that any resistance to air flow at the air inlet and air outlet orifices
of the test object is avoided. The air flow through the room shall not be capable of initiating any short circuit
between these two orifices, and therefore the velocity of the air flows through the room at these two locations shall
not exceed 1,5 m/s when the test object is switched off. The air velocity in the room shall also not be greater than
the mean velocity through the unit inlet. Unless otherwise stated by the manufacturer, the air inlet or air outlet
orifices shall be not less than 1 m distant from the surfaces of the test room.
Any direct heat radiation by heating units in the test room onto the unit or onto the temperature measuring points
shall be avoided.
4.2.1.3

Appliances with duct connection

Ducted air systems shall be sufficiently air tight to ensure that the measured results are not significantly influenced
by exchange of air with the surroundings.
4.2.1.4

Appliances with integral pumps

For appliances with integral and adjustable water or brine pumps, the external static pressure will be set at the
same time as the temperature difference.
4.2.1.5

Liquid chilling package for use with remote condenser

Units for use with remote condenser are tested by using a water-cooled condenser, the characteristics of
which shall enable the intended operating conditions to be achieved.

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

4.2.2
4.2.2.1

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Installation and connection of the test object


General

The test object shall be installed and connected for the test as recommended by the manufacturer in his
installation and operation manual. The accessories provided by option (for example heating element) are not
included in the test.
For single duct units, in case the manufacturer's instructions do not specify how to install the discharge duct,
the following recommendations shall apply.
For single ducts, the discharge duct shall be as short and straight as possible compatibly with minimum
distance between the unit and the wall for correct air inlet but not less than 50 cm. No accessory shall be
connected to the discharge end of the duct.
For double duct units, the same requirements apply to both suction and discharge ducts, unless the appliance
is designed to be installed directly on the wall. For multisplit systems, the test shall be performed with the system
operating at a capacity ratio of 1, or as close as possible.
When performing measures in heating mode, set the highest room temperature on the unit/system control
device; when performing measures in cooling mode, set the lowest room temperature on the unit/system
control device.
For unit with open-type compressor the electric motor shall be supplied or specified by the manufacturer. The
compressor shall be operated at the rotational speed specified by the manufacturer.
For inverter type control units, if the manufacturer gives instructions for the setting of the frequency for each
rating condition, this setting shall be done.
NOTE
To set up a multisplit system which incorporates an inverter-controlled compressor, skilled personnel with a
knowledge of control software will be required. The manufacturer or his nominated agent should be in attendance when
the system is being installed and prepared for tests.

4.2.2.2

Installation of unit consisting of several parts

In the case of a unit consisting of several parts, the following installation conditions shall be complied with for the
test.
a) The refrigerant lines shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions with a minimum
length of 5 m and a greater length to a maximum of 7,5 m if the constraints of the test installation make
5 m not possible.
b) The lines shall be installed so that the difference in elevation does not exceed 2,5 m.
c) The thermal insulation of the lines shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
d) Unless constrained by the design, at least half of the connecting lines shall be exposed to the outside
conditions, with the rest of the lines exposed to the inside conditions.
4.2.2.3

Indoor units of multisplit systems

When testing a multisplit system, indoor units shall be either all non ducted or all ducted.
If they are ducted, all indoor units shall be of the same model, i.e. having the same airflow rate and the same
external static pressure.
In case of equipment with non ducted indoor units tested using the air enthalpy method, the above
requirement on ducted indoor units shall apply.

10

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

4.2.2.4

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Measurements

Temperature and pressure measuring points shall be arranged in order to obtain mean significant values.
For free air intake temperature measurements, it is required:

either to have at least one sensor per square meter and not less than four measuring points equally
distributed on the air surface;

or to use a sampling device. It shall be completed by four sensors for checking uniformity if the surface
area is greater than 1 m.

For control cabinet air conditioners, the inlet temperature at the evaporator is measured instead of the
temperature inside the control cabinet.

4.3

Uncertainties of measurement

The uncertainties of measurement shall not exceed the values specified in Table 1.
Table 1 Uncertainties of measurement for indicated values
Measured quantity

Unit

Uncertainty of measurement

0,1 K

m /s

1%

Pa

5 Pa (p 100 Pa)

Liquid
- temperature inlet/outlet
- volume flow
- static pressure difference

5 % (p > 100 Pa)


Air
- dry bulb temperature

0,2 K

- wet bulb temperature

0,3 K

m /s

5%

Pa

5 Pa (p 100 Pa)

- volume flow
- static pressure difference

5 % (p > 100 Pa)


Refrigerant
- pressure at compressor outlet

kPa

1%

0,5 K

2%

- electric power

1%

- voltage

0,5 %

- current

0,5 %

- temperature
Concentration
- Heat transfer medium
Electrical quantities

- electrical energy
Compressor rotational speed

kWh
-1

min

1%
0,5 %

The heating or cooling capacities measured on the liquid side shall be determined within a maximum uncertainty
of 5 % independent of the individual uncertainties of measurement including the uncertainties on the properties of
fluids.

11

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

The steady state heating or cooling capacities determined using the calorimeter method shall be determined
with a maximum uncertainty of 5 %, independent of the individual uncertainties of measurement including the
uncertainties on the properties of fluids.
Heating capacity determined during transient operation (defrost cycles) using the calorimeter method shall be
determined with a maximum uncertainty of 10 %, independent of the individual uncertainties of measurement
including the uncertainties on the properties of fluids.
The heating and cooling capacities measured on the air side using the air enthalpy method shall be
determined with a maximum uncertainty of 10 %, independent of the individual uncertainties of measurement
including the uncertainties on the properties of fluids.

4.4

Test procedure

4.4.1
4.4.1.1

General
All units

The test conditions are given in EN 14511-2.


If liquid heat transfer media other than water are used, the specific heat capacity and density of such heat transfer
media shall be determined and taken into consideration in the evaluation.
Table 4 states permissible deviations of the measured values from the test conditions.
4.4.1.2

Non ducted units

For non ducted units, the adjustable settings such as louvers and fan speed shall be set for maximum air flow.
4.4.1.3

Ducted units

The volume flow and the pressure difference shall be related to standard air and with dry evaporator.
The air flow rate given by the manufacturer shall be converted into standard air conditions. The air flow rate
setting shall be made when the fan only is operating, at standard air conditions.
The rated airflow rate given by the manufacturer shall be set and the resulting external static pressure (ESP)
measured. This ESP shall be greater than the minimum value given in Table 2 for comfort air conditioners and
Table 3 for close control air conditioners but not greater than 80 % of the maximum external static pressure
specified by the manufacturer.
If the fan of the unit has an adjustable speed, it shall be adjusted to the lowest speed that provide the
minimum ESP or greater.
If the maximum ESP of the unit is lower than the minimum ESP given in Table 2 or Table 3, then the air flow
rate is lowered to achieve an ESP equal to 80 % of the maximum ESP of the manufacturer.
In case this ESP is lower than 25 Pa, the unit can be considered as a free delivery unit and be tested as a non
ducted unit with an ESP of 0 Pa.

12

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Table 2 Pressure requirement for comfort air conditioners


Standard capacity
ratings
kW

Minimum external static


a b
pressure
Pa

0<Q<8

25

8 Q < 12

37

12 Q < 20

50

20 Q < 30

62

30 Q < 45

75

45 Q < 82

100

82 Q < 117

125

117 Q < 147

150

Q 147

175

For equipment tested without an air filter installed, the minimum


external static pressure shall be increased by 10 Pa.

If the manufacturers installation instructions state that the maximum


allowable discharge duct length is less than 1 m, then the required
minimum external static pressure shall be 10 Pa.

Table 3 Pressure requirement for close control air conditioners


Capacity
kW

Pressure
Pa
For down-flow discharge
into double floor

For up-flow discharge


into duct all units

< 30

50

30

75

All

50

13

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Table 4 Permissible deviations from set values


Permissible deviation of the
arithmetic mean values from
set values

Permissible deviations of
individual measured values
from set values

- inlet temperature

0,2 K

0,5 K

- outlet temperature

0,3 K

0,6 K

2%

5%

--

10 %

0,3 K

1K

5%

10 %

10 %

1K

2K

0,5 K

1K

4%

4%

Measured quantity
Liquid

- volume flow
- static pressure difference
Air
- inlet temperature (dry bulb/wet
bulb)
- volume flow
- static pressure difference
Refrigerant
- liquid temperature
- saturated vapour/bubble point
temperature
Voltage

NOTE When testing single duct units the arithmetic mean value of the difference between the dry bulb temperature of the indoor
compartment and of the air introduced from the outdoor compartment should have a maximum permissible deviation of 0,3 K. This
requirement also applies to the wet bulb temperature difference.

4.4.2
4.4.2.1

Output measurement for water-to-water and water-to-air units


Steady state conditions

This condition is considered obtained and maintained when all the measured quantities remain constant
without having to alter the set values, for a minimum duration of 1 h, with respect to the tolerances given in
Table 4. Periodic fluctuations of measured quantities caused by the operation of regulation and control
devices are permissible, on condition the mean value of such fluctuations does not exceed the permissible
deviations listed in Table 4.
4.4.2.2

Measurement of heating capacity, cooling capacity and heat recovery capacity

For the output measurement it is necessary to record all the meaningful data continuously. In the case of
recording instruments which operate on a cyclic basis, the sequence shall be adjusted such that a complete
recording is effected at least once every 30 s.
The output shall be measured in the steady state condition. The duration of measurement shall be not less than
35 min.
4.4.3
4.4.3.1

Output measurement for cooling capacity of air-to-water and air-to-air units


Steady state conditions

This condition is considered obtained and maintained when all the measured quantities remain constant
without having to alter the set values, for a minimum duration of 1 h, with respect to the tolerances given in

14

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Table 4. Periodic fluctuations of measured quantities caused by the operation of regulation and control
devices are permissible, on condition the mean value of such fluctuations does not exceed the permissible
deviations listed in Table 4.
4.4.3.2

Measurement of cooling capacity

For the output measurement it is necessary to record all the meaningful data continuously. In the case of
recording instruments which operate on a cyclic basis, the sequence shall be adjusted such that a complete
recording is effected at least once every 30 s.
The output shall be measured in the steady state condition. The duration of measurement shall be not less than
35 min.
4.4.4
4.4.4.1

Output measurement for heating capacity of air-to-water and air-to-air units


General

The test procedure consists of three periods: a preconditioning period, an equilibrium period, and a data
collection period. The duration of the data collection differs depending upon whether the heat pumps
operation is steady state or transient.
Annex C gives a flow chart of the procedure and pictorially represents most of the different test sequences
that are possible when conducting a heating capacity test.
4.4.4.2

Preconditioning period

The test room reconditioning apparatus and the heat pump under test shall be operated until the test
tolerances specified in Table 4 are attained for at least 10 min.
A defrost cycle may end a preconditioning period. If a defrost cycle does end a preconditioning period, the
heat pump shall operate in the heating mode for at least 10 min after defrost termination prior to beginning the
equilibrium period.
It is recommended that the preconditioning period end with an automatic or manually-induced defrost cycle
when testing at application rating conditions for outdoor air stated in Table 3 and Table 9 of
EN 14511-2:2007.
4.4.4.3

Equilibrium period

The equilibrium period immediately follows the preconditioning period or the defrost cycle and a recovery
period of 10 min that ends a preconditioning period.
A complete equilibrium period is one hour in duration.
Except as specified in 4.4.4.7, the heat pump shall operate while meeting the test tolerances specified in
Table 4.
4.4.4.4

Data collection period

The data collection period immediately follows the equilibrium period.


Data shall be sampled at equal intervals that span every 30 s or less, except during defrost cycles as specified
below.
During defrost cycles, plus the first 10 min following defrost termination, data used in evaluating the integrated
heating capacity and the integrated power input of the heat pump shall be sampled more frequently, at equal
intervals that span every 10 s or less. When using the indoor air enthalpy method, these more frequently

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sampled data include the change in indoor-side dry bulb temperature. When using the calorimeter method,
these more frequently sampled data include all measurements required to determine the indoor-side capacity.
For heat pumps that automatically cycle off the indoor fan during a defrost, the contribution of the net heating
delivered and/or the change in indoor-side dry bulb temperature shall be assigned the value of zero when the
indoor fan is off, if using the indoor air enthalpy method. If using the calorimeter test method, the integration of
capacity shall continue while the indoor fan is off.
The difference between the leaving and entering temperatures of the heat transfer medium at the indoor heat
exchanger shall be measured. For each interval of 5 min during the data collection period, an average
temperature difference shall be calculated, Ti (). The average temperature difference for the first 5 min of
the data collection period, Ti (=0), shall be saved for the purpose of calculating the following percent
change:

T ( = 0) Ti ( )
%T = i
100
Ti ( = 0)

4.4.4.5

(8)

Test procedure: When a defrost cycle ends the preconditioning period

If the quantity %T exceeds 2,5 % during the first 35 min of the data collection period, the heating capacity
test shall be designated a transient test (see 4.4.4.7). Likewise, if the heat pump initiates a defrost cycle
during the equilibrium period or during the first 35 min of the data collection period, the heating capacity test
shall be designated a transient test.
If the above conditions do not occur and the test tolerances specified in Table 4 are satisfied during both the
equilibrium period and the first 35 min of the data collection period, then the heat capacity test shall be
designated a steady-state test. Steady-state tests shall be terminated after 35 min of data collection.
4.4.4.6

Test procedure: When a defrost cycle does not end the preconditioning period

4.4.4.6.1
If the heat pump initiates a defrost cycle during the equilibrium period or during the first 35 min of
the data collection period, the heating capacity test shall be restarted as specified 4.4.4.6.3
4.4.4.6.2
If the quantity %T exceeds 2,5 % any time during the first 35 min of the data collection period,
then the heating capacity test procedure shall be restarted as specified in 4.4.4.6.3. Prior to the restart, defrost
cycle shall occur. This defrost cycle may be manually initiated or delayed until the heat pump initiates an
automatic defrost.
4.4.4.6.3
If either 4.4.4.6.1 or 4.4.4.6.2 apply, then the restart shall begin 10 min after the defrost cycle
terminates with a new equilibrium period of one hour. This second attempt shall follow the requirements of
4.4.4.3 and 4.4.4.4 and the test procedure of 4.4.4.5.
4.4.4.6.4
If the conditions specified in 4.4.4.6.1 or 4.4.4.6.2 do not occur and the test tolerances specified in
Table 4 are satisfied during both the equilibrium period and the first 35 min of the data collection period, then
the heat capacity test shall be designated a steady-state test. Steady-state tests shall be terminated after
35 min of data collection.
4.4.4.7

Test procedure for transient tests

When, in accordance with 4.4.4.5, a heating capacity test is designated a transient test, the following
adjustments shall apply.
To constitute a valid transient heating capacity test, the test tolerances specified in Table 5 shall be achieved
during both the equilibrium period and the data collection period. As noted in Table 5, the test tolerances are
specified for two sub-intervals. Interval H consists of data collected during each heating interval, with the
exception of the first 10 min after defrost termination. Interval D consists of data collected during each defrost
cycle plus the first 10 min of the subsequent heating interval.

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The test tolerance parameters in Table 5 shall be determined throughout the equilibrium and data collection
periods. All data collected during each interval, H or D, shall be used to evaluate compliance with the Table 5
test tolerances. Data from two or more H intervals or two or more D intervals shall not be combined and then
used in evaluating Table 5 compliance. Compliance is based on evaluating data from each interval separately.
The data collection period shall be extended until 3 h have elapsed or until the heat pump completes three
complete cycles during the period, whichever occurs first. If at an elapsed time of 3 h, the heat pump is
conducting a defrost cycle, the cycle shall be completed before terminating the collection of data. A complete
cycle consists of a heating period and a defrost period, from defrost termination to defrost termination.
Table 5 Variations allowed in heating capacity tests when using the transient ("T") test procedure
Variations of arithmetical
mean values from specified
test conditions
a
b
Interval H
Interval D

Readings
Temperature of air entering indoor-side:
- dry-bulb
- wet-bulb
Temperature of air entering outdoor-side:
- dry-bulb
- wet-bulb
Inlet water temperature
Outlet water temperature
a

Variation of individual
readings from specified test
conditions
a
b
Interval H
Interval D

0,6 K

1,5 K

1,0 K

2,5 K

0,6 K
0,3 K
0,2 K
0,5 K

1,5 K
1,0 K

1,0 K
0,6 K
0,5 K
1K

5,0 K

Applies when the heat pump is in the heating mode, except for the first 10 min after termination of a defrost cycle.

Applies during a defrost cycle and during the first 10 min after the termination of a defrost cycle when the heat pump
is operating in the heating mode.

4.5

Test results

4.5.1

Data to be recorded

The data to be recorded for the capacity tests are given in Table 6. The table identifies the general information
required but is not intended to limit the data to be obtained.
These data shall be the mean values taken over the data collection period, with the exception of time
measurement.
Table 6 Data to be recorded
Measured quantity of result

Unit

Calorimeter

Air enthalpy
method

Water enthalpy
method

1) Ambient conditions
-

air temperature, dry bulb

atmospheric pressure

kPa

- voltage

- total current

- total power input, PT

- effective power input, PE

2) Electrical quantities

3) Thermodynamic quantities
a) Indoor heat exchanger

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Table 6 Data to be recorded


Unit

Calorimeter

Air enthalpy
method

Water enthalpy
method

- inlet temperature, dry bulb

- inlet temperature, wet bulb

Measured quantity of result


Air

For duct connection


C

- outlet temperature, wet bulb

- external/internal static pressure difference

Pa

m /s

--

- volume flow

m3/s

- pressure difference

kPa

- inlet temperature, dry bulb

- inlet temperature, wet bulb

- outlet temperature, dry bulb

- volume flow rate, q


Water or brine
- inlet temperature
- outlet temperature

b) Outdoor heat exchanger


Air

For duct connection


C

- outlet temperature, wet bulb

- external/internal static pressure difference

Pa

m3/s

--

- volume flow

m3/s

- pressure difference

kPa

- inlet temperature

- outlet temperature

- volume flow

m /s

- pressure difference

kPa

- outlet temperature, dry bulb

- volume flow rate, q


Water or brine
- inlet temperature
- outlet temperature

c) Heat recovery heat exchanger

d) Heat transfer medium (other than water)


%

- density

kg/m3

- specific heat

J/kg.K

- concentration

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Table 6 Data to be recorded


Unit

Calorimeter

Air enthalpy
method

Water enthalpy
method

bar abs.

- saturated vapour/bubble point temperature

- liquid temperature

min-1

- heat input to calorimeter

- heat extracted from calorimeter

- ambient temperature around the calorimeter

- temperature of the water entering the humidifier

kg/s

min

min

- heating capacity (PH)

- total cooling capacity (PC)

- latent cooling capacity (PL)

- sensible cooling capacity (PS)

- heat recovery capacity

- COP

W/W

- EER

W/W

- SHRb

W/W

Measured quantity of result


e) Refrigerant a
- discharge pressure

f) Compressor
- rotational speed of open type
- power input of motor
g) Calorimeter

- condensate temperature
- rate of condensate collection
h) Defrost
- defrost period
- operating cycle with defrost
4) Data collection period

5) Capacities

6) Ratios

Only for unit with remote condenser.

Only for air-to-air and water-to-air units.

4.5.2

Cooling capacity and heat recovery capacity calculation

Average cooling and heat recovery capacities shall be determined from the set of cooling and heat recovery
capacities recorded over the data collection period.

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4.5.3

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Heating capacity calculation

4.5.3.1

Steady state capacity test

An average heating capacity shall be determined from the set of heating capacities recorded over the data
collection period of 35 min.
4.5.3.2

Transient capacity test

For equipment where one or more complete cycle occur during the data collection period, the following shall
apply. The average heating capacity shall be determined using the integrated capacity and the elapsed time
corresponding to the total number of complete cycles that occurred over the data collection period.
For equipment where no complete cycle occurs during the data collection period, the following shall apply.
The average heating capacity shall be determined by using the integrated capacity and the elapsed time
corresponding to the total data collection period.
4.5.4

Effective power input calculation

4.5.4.1

Steady state test

An average electric power input shall be determined from the integrated electrical power over the same data
collection period than the one used for the heating / cooling capacity or heat recovery capacity calculation.
4.5.4.2

Transient with defrost cycle

An average electric power input shall be determined on the basis of the integrated electrical power and the
time corresponding to the total number of complete cycles during the same data collection period as the one
used for the heat capacity calculation.
4.5.4.3

Transient without defrost cycle

An average electric power input shall be determined on the basis of the integrated electrical power and the
time corresponding to the same data collection period as the one used for the heat capacity calculation.

Heat recovery test for air-cooled multisplit systems

5.1
5.1.1

Test installation
General

The heat recovery capacity of the system is determined by measurements in a three room calorimeter or by
the air enthalpy method using two or three rooms. The three rooms shall consist of one outdoor room and two
indoor rooms, one at the heating condition and the other at the cooling condition. The two room air enthalpy
method shall have one room at the outdoor condition and the other at the common indoor side condition given
in Table 15 of EN 14511-2:2007.
The calorimeter room and air enthalpy methods are described in Annex A and Annex B respectively. Each
calorimeter room should satisfy the requirements of Annex A and the test facilities for the air enthalpy method
should satisfy the requirements of Annex B.

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5.1.2

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Three-room calorimeter method

If measurements are made by the calorimeter method, then the testing of a heat recovery system shall need a
three-room calorimeter test facility. The indoor units in the cooling mode shall be assembled in one room and
the indoor units in the heating mode in the other. The outdoor unit shall be installed in the third room.
5.1.3

Three-room air-enthalpy method

The indoor units in the cooling mode shall be assembled in one room and the indoor units in the heating mode
in another room; the outdoor unit shall be installed in the third room.
5.1.4

Two-room air-enthalpy method

All indoor units, either operating in cooling or heating mode, are assembled in one indoor room. The outdoor
unit shall be installed in the other room.
All units operating in the heating mode should be connected to a common plenum, all units operating in the
cooling mode should be connected to another common plenum, both in accordance with the requirements
established in Annex B.

5.2

Test procedure

The heat recovery test shall be carried out with all operating indoor units.
For ducted indoor units, the individual external static pressure of each indoor unit is set by adjusting a damper
located in the duct length connecting the discharge area of the unit to the common plenum.

5.3

Test results

Test results are recorded and expressed as specified in 4.5.


The references of the indoor units operating in cooling mode and of the indoor units operating in heating mode
shall be specified.

6
6.1

Test report
General information

The test report shall at least contain:


a) date;
b) test institute;
c) test location;
d) test method;
e) test supervisor;
f) test object designation:

Type;

serial number;

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EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

name of the manufacturer;

year of initial installation;

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

g) type of refrigerant;
h) mass of refrigerant;
i) properties of fluids;
j) reference to this European Standard.

6.2

Additional information

Additional information given on the rating plate shall be noted and any other information relevant for the test.
Particularly, it shall be stated whether the test is performed on a unit new or not. In the case of a test performed on
a unit in use, information relative to the year of installation, and heat exchange tubes cleaning shall be given.

6.3

Rating test results

The rating capacities, power inputs, COP, EER, internal or external static pressure shall be given together with the
rating conditions.

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EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex A
(informative)
Calorimeter test method

A.1 General
A.1.1 The calorimeter provides a method for determining capacity simultaneously on both the indoor-side
and the outdoor-side. In the cooling mode, the indoor-side capacity determination is made by balancing the
cooling and dehumidifying effects with measured heat and water inputs. The outdoor-side capacity provides a
confirming test of the cooling and dehumidifying effect by balancing the heat and water rejection on the
condenser side with a measured amount of cooling.
A.1.2 The size of the calorimeter shall be sufficient to avoid any restriction to the intake or discharge
openings of the equipment. Perforated plates or other suitable grilles shall be provided at the discharge
opening from the reconditioning equipment to avoid face velocities exceeding 1,0 m/s. Sufficient space shall
be allowed in front of any inlet or discharge grilles of the equipment to avoid interference with the air flow.
Minimum distance from the equipment to side walls or ceiling of the compartment(s) shall be 1 m, except for
the back of console-type equipment and single duct units, which shall be in normal relation to the wall. Ceilingmounted equipment shall be installed at a minimum distance of 1,8 m from the floor. Table A.1 gives the
suggested dimensions for the calorimeter. To accommodate peculiar sizes of equipment, it may be necessary
to alter the suggested dimensions to comply with the space requirements.
Table A.1 Sizes of calorimeter
Rated cooling capacity of
equipment
W

NOTE

Suggested minimum inside dimensions


of each room of calorimeter
m
Width

Height

Length

3 000

2,4

2,1

1,8

6 000

2,4

2,1

2,4

9 000

2,7

2,4

3,0

12 000

3,0

2,4

3,7

For larger capacity equipment, the following dimensions could be recommended:

Width 4 times the unit width


Height 2,5 times the unit height
Length 1,5 times the unit length.

A.1.3 Each compartment shall be provided with reconditioning equipment to maintain specified air flow and
prescribed conditions. Reconditioning apparatus for the indoor-side compartment shall consist of heaters to
supply sensible heat and a humidifier to supply moisture. Reconditioning apparatus for the outdoor-side
compartment should provide cooling, dehumidification, and humidification. The energy supply shall be
controlled and measured.

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When calorimeters are used for heat pumps, they shall have heating, humidifying and cooling capabilities for
both rooms (see Figures A.1 and A.2) or other means, such as rotating the equipment, may be used as long
as the rating conditions are maintained.
A.1.4 Reconditioning apparatus for both compartments shall be provided with fans of sufficient capacity to
ensure air flows of not less than twice the quantity of air discharged by the equipment under test in the
calorimeter. The calorimeter shall be equipped with means of measuring or determining specified wet- and
dry-bulb temperatures in both calorimeter compartments.

Key
A Indoor unit (wall mounted)
B Air sampling tubes
C Pressure equalising system
D Indoor room side
E Outdoor room side
F Outdoor unit
G Air sampling tubes
1 Cooling coil
2 Heating coil
3 Humidifier
4 Fan
5 Mixers
Figure A.1 Typical calibrated ambient room type calorimeter

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EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Key
A Indoor unit (wall mounted)
B Air sampling tubes
C Pressure equalising system
D Indoor room side
E Outdoor room side
F Outdoor unit
G Air sampling tubes
1 Cooling coil
2 Heating coil
3 Humidifier
4 Fan
5 Mixers
Figure A.2 Typical balanced ambient room type calorimeter
A.1.5 A pressure-equalising device shall be provided in the partition wall between the indoor-side and the
outdoor-side compartments to maintain a balanced pressure between these compartments. This device
consists of one or more nozzles, a discharge chamber equipped with an exhaust fan and manometers for
measuring compartment and air flow pressures.
Since the air flow from one compartment to the other may be in either direction, two such devices mounted in
opposite directions, or a reversible device, shall be used. The manometer pressure tubes shall be so located
as to be unaffected by air discharged from the equipment or by the exhaust from the pressure-equalising
device. The fan or blower, which exhausts air from the discharge chamber, shall permit variation of its air flow
by any suitable means, such as variable speed drive or a damper. The exhaust from this fan or blower shall
be such that it will not affect the inlet air to the equipment.

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A.1.6 It is recognised that in both the indoor-side and outdoor-side compartments, temperature gradients
and air flow patterns result from the interaction of the reconditioning apparatus and test equipment. Therefore,
the resultant conditions are peculiar to and dependent upon a given combination of compartment size,
arrangement and size of reconditioning apparatus, and the air discharge characteristics of the equipment
under test.
The point of measurement of the specified test temperatures, both wet- and dry-bulb, shall be such that the
following conditions are fulfilled.
a)

The measured temperatures shall be representative of the temperature surrounding each piece of the
equipment and shall simulate the conditions encountered in an actual application for both indoor and
outdoor sides, as indicated above.

b)

At the point of measurement, the temperature of air shall not be affected by air discharged from any piece
of the equipment. This makes it mandatory that the temperatures are measured upstream of any
recirculation produced by the equipment.

Air sampling tubes shall be positioned on the intake side of the equipment.
A.1.7 Interior surfaces of the calorimeter compartments shall be of non-porous material with all joints sealed
against air and moisture leakage. The access door shall be tightly sealed against air and moisture leakage by
use of gaskets or other suitable means.

A.2 Transient heating capacity test


If defrost controls on the heat pump provide for stopping the indoor air flow, provision shall be made to stop
the test apparatus air flow to the equipment on both the indoor and outdoor-sides during such a defrost period.
If it is desirable to maintain operation of the reconditioning apparatus during the defrost period, provision may
be made to bypass the conditioned air around the equipment as long as assurance is provided that the
conditioned air does not aid in the defrosting. A watt-hour meter shall be used for obtaining the integrated
electrical input to the equipment under test.

A.3 Calibrated room-type calorimeter


A.3.1 The calibrated room-type calorimeter is shown in Figure A.1. Each calorimeter, including the
separating partition, shall be insulated to prevent heat leakage (including radiation) in excess of 5 % of the
equipment's capacity. An air space permitting free circulation shall be provided under the calorimeter floor.
A.3.2 Heat leakage may be determined in either the indoor-side or outdoor-side compartment by the
following method: all openings shall be closed. Either compartment may be heated by electric heaters to a
temperature of at least 11 K above the surrounding ambient temperature. The ambient temperature shall be
maintained constant within 1 K outside all six enveloping surfaces of the compartment, including the
separating partition. If the construction of the partition is identical with that of the other walls, the heat leakage
through the partition may be determined on a proportional area basis.
A.3.3 For calibrating the heat leakage through the separating partition alone, the following procedure may
be used: a test is carried out as described above. Then the temperature of the adjoining area on the other side
of the separating partition is raised to equal the temperature in the heated compartment, thus eliminating heat
leakage through the partition, while the 11 K differential is maintained between the heated compartment and
the ambient surrounding the other five enveloping surfaces.
The difference in heat input between the first test and second test will permit the determination of the leakage
through the partition alone.

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A.3.4 For the outdoor-side compartment equipped with means for cooling, an alternative means of
calibration may be to cool the compartment to a temperature at least 11 K below the ambient temperature (on
six sides) and carry out a similar analysis.
A.3.5 As an alternative to the two-room simultaneous method of determining capacities, the performance of
the indoor room-side compartment may be verified at least every six months using an industry standard
cooling capacity calibrating device. A calibrating device may also be another piece of equipment whose
performance has been measured by the simultaneous indoor and outdoor measurement method at an
accredited national test laboratory as part of an industry-wide cooling capacity verification program.

A.4 Balanced ambient room-type calorimeter


A.4.1 The balanced ambient room-type calorimeter is shown in Figure A.2 and is based on the principle of
maintaining the dry-bulb temperatures surrounding the particular compartment equal to the dry-bulb
temperatures maintained within that compartment. If the ambient wet-bulb temperature is also maintained
equal to that within the compartment, the vapour-proofing provisions of A.1.6 are not required.
A.4.2 The floor, ceiling, and walls of the calorimeter compartments shall be spaced a sufficient distance
away from the floor, ceiling, and walls of the controlled areas in which the compartments are located in order
to provide a uniform air temperature in the intervening space. It is recommended that this distance be at least
0,3 m. Means shall be provided to circulate the air within the surrounding space to prevent stratification.
A.4.3 Heat leakage through the separating partition shall be introduced into the heat balance calculation
and may be calibrated in accordance with A.3.3, or may be calculated.
A.4.4 It is recommended that the floor, ceiling, and walls of the calorimeter compartments be insulated so as
to limit heat leakage (including radiation) to no more than 10 % of the test equipment's capacity, with an 11 K
temperature difference, or 300 W for the same temperature difference, whichever is greater, as tested using
the procedure given in A.3.2.

A.5 Calorimeter and auxiliary equipment for water-cooled condenser tests


A.5.1 The indoor-side compartment of a room calorimeter of either the calibrated or the balanced ambient
type shall be used.
A.5.2 Measurements shall be made for determining flow and temperature rise of condenser cooling water.
Water lines shall be insulated between the condenser and points of temperature measurement.

A.6 Calculations-cooling capacities


A.6.1 General
The energy flow quantities used to calculate the total cooling capacity based on indoor and outdoor-side
measurements are shown below in Figure A.3.

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Key
A Equipment under test
B Indoor chamber
C Outdoor chamber
All symbols with their units are defined in Annex E.
Figure A.3 Calorimeter energy flows during cooling capacity tests

A.6.2 The total cooling capacity on the indoor-side, as tested in either the calibrated or balanced-ambient,
room-type calorimeter (see Figures A.1 and A.2), is calculated as follows:

tci = Pic + q wc (hw1 hw 2 ) + lp + li

(A.1)

NOTE 1
If no water is introduced during the test, hw1 is taken at the temperature of the water in the humidifier tank of
the conditioning apparatus

When it is not practical to measure the temperature of the water leaving the indoor-side compartment to the
outdoor-side compartment, the temperature of the condensate may be assumed to be at the measured or
estimated wet-bulb temperature of the air leaving the test equipment.
The water vapour (qwc) condensed by the equipment under test may be determined by the amount of water
evaporated into the indoor-side compartment by the reconditioning equipment to maintain the required
humidity.
The heat leakage lp into the indoor-side compartment through the separating partition between the indoorside and outdoor-side compartments may be determined from the calibrating test or, in the case of the
balanced-ambient room-type compartment, may be based on calculations.

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EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

The total cooling capacity on the outdoor-side, as tested in either the calibrated or balanced-ambient, roomtype calorimeter (see Figures A.1 and A.2), is calculated as follows:

tco = c Poc Pt + q wc (hw3 hw 2 ) + lp + lo


NOTE 2

(A.2)

The hw3 enthalpy is taken at the temperature at which the condensate leaves the outdoor-side compartment.

The heat leakage rate (lp) into the indoor-side compartment through the separating partition between the
indoor-side and outdoor-side compartments may be determined from the calibrating test or, in the case of the
balanced-ambient room-type compartment, may be based on calculations.
NOTE 3
This quantity will be numerically equal to that used in Equation (A.1) if, and only if, the area of the separating
partition exposed to the outdoor-side is equal to the area exposed to the indoor-side compartment.

A.6.3 The total cooling capacity of liquid (water)-cooled equipment deducted from the condenser side is
calculated as follows:

tco = co PE
A.6.4

The latent cooling capacity (room dehumidifying capacity) is calculated as follows:

d = K1qwc
A.6.5

(A.3)

(A.4)

The sensible cooling capacity is calculated as follows:

s = tci d

(A.5)

A.6.6 Sensible heat ratio is calculated as follows:

SHR =

s
tci

(A.6)

A.7 Calculation-heating capacities


A.7.1 General
The energy flow quantities used to calculate the total heating capacity based on indoor and outdoor-side
measurements are shown below in Figure A.4.

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Key
A Equipment under test
B Indoor chamber
C Outdoor chamber
All symbols with their units are defined in Annex E.
Figure A.4 Calorimeter energy flows during heating capacity tests
A.7.2 Determination of the heating capacity by measurement in the indoor-side compartment of the
calorimeter is calculated as follows:

thi = lci lp li Pic

(A.7)

A.7.3 Determination of the heating capacity by measurement of the heat absorbing side is calculated for
equipment where the evaporator takes the heat from an air-flow as follows:

tho = Poc + Pt + q wo (hw4 hw5 ) lp lo

(A.8)

A.7.4 The total heating capacity of liquid (water)-cooled equipment deducted from the evaporator side is
calculated as follows:

tho = eo + PE
where:

eo is the heat supplied to the evaporator coil of the equipment.

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EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex B
(informative)
Indoor air enthalpy test method

B.1 General
In the air-enthalpy method, capacities are determined from measurements of entering and leaving wet- and
dry-bulb temperatures and the associated airflow rate.

B.2 Application
B.2.1 Packaged units and single split units shall have a duct section attached to the outlet area of the indoor
section for connection to the air flow measuring device.
Multisplit systems shall have short plenums attached to each indoor unit. Each plenum shall discharge into a
common duct section, the duct section in turn discharging into an air measuring device. Each plenum shall
have an adjustable restrictor located in the plane where the plenums enter the common duct section for the
purpose of adjusting the static pressures in each plenum to the manufacturer's specifications.
The length of the duct section for package and single split systems and the length of the individual plenums

(4 ( A B ) ) where A = width and B = height of duct or outlet.


Static pressure readings are taken at a distance of 2 ( A B ) from the outlet.

for multisplit systems is a minimum of 2,5

B.2.2
Airflow measurements shall be made in accordance with the provisions specified in ISO 5221,
and EN ISO 5167-1 as appropriate, and the provisions in this annex.

B.3 Calculations-cooling capacities


Total, sensible and latent indoor cooling capacities based on the indoor-side test data are calculated by the
following equations:

tci =

s =
d =

q vi (ha1 ha 2 )
1000
v n (1 + W n )

q vi c pa1t a1 c pa 2 t a 2
v n (1 + Wn )

(B.1)

K1 q vi (Wi1 Wi 2 )
1000
v n (1 + W n )

d = tci s

NOTE

(B.2)
(B.3)
(B.4)

All symbols and their units are defined in Annex E.

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B.4 Calculations-heating capacities


B.4.1

Total heating capacity based on indoor-side data is calculated by the following equation:

thi =

qvi c pa 2 t a 2 c pa1t a1
v n (1 + Wn )

NOTE 1

Equations B.1, B.2, B.3 and B.5 do not provide allowance for heat leakage in the duct section.

NOTE 2

All symbols and their units are defined in Annex E.

32

(B.5)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex C
(informative)
Heating capacity tests - Flow chart and examples of different test
sequences

C.1

Figure C.1 illustrates with a flow chart the test procedure described in 4.4.4.

Figure C.1 Flow chart


C.2 The Figures C.2 to C.7 given below show several of the cases that could occur while conducting a
heating capacity test as specified in 4.4.4. All examples show cases where a defrost cycle ends the
preconditioning period.

33

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Figure C.2 Steady state heating capacity test

Figure C.3 Transient heating capacity test with no defrost cycle

34

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Figure C.4 Transient heating capacity test with one defrost cycle during the data collection period

Figure C.5 Transient heating capacity test with one complete cycle during the data collection period

35

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Figure C.6 Transient heating capacity tests with two complete cycles during the data collection
period

Figure C.7 Transient heating capacity test with three complete cycles during the data collection
period

36

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex D
(informative)
Conformance criteria

D.1 Liquid chilling packages


For water-to-water or brine-to-water units for which a heat balance on the cooling and/or heating capacity may
be calculated, this balance should not exceed 5 %.
This heat balance may be calculated as the difference between the direct measured cooling (heating) capacity
and the indirect cooling (heating) capacity related to the direct capacity.
The indirect cooling capacity is determined as the heat rejection capacity minus the compressor power input.
The indirect heating capacity is the sum of the cooling capacity and the compressor power input.
For water cooled liquid chilling packages including a heat recovery heat exchanger, the heat balancing
between the direct measured cooling capacity and the indirect cooling capacity calculation should not exceed
5 %.
The indirect cooling capacity is calculated as the sum of the heat rejection capacity and the heat recovery
capacity minus the compressor power input.

D.2 Calorimeter room method


When using the calorimeter room method, the capacity determined using the outdoor-side data should agree
within 5 % of the value obtained using the indoor-side data.
In the case of non-ducted air conditioners with water-cooled condensers, the heat flow rejected via the cooling
water is measured instead of the measurement in the outdoor-side compartment.

D.3 Heat recovery of multisplit systems


For the results to be valid, the sum of the cooling capacity of the indoor units (see A.6.2) and the power input
to the compressor and any fans should differ by not more than 5 % from the sum of the heating capacity of the
indoor units (see A.7.2) and the heat from the outdoor unit. The heat from the outdoor unit may be negative if
the unit is absorbing heat, or positive if the unit is rejecting heat.

37

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex E
(informative)
Symbols used in annexes

Symbol

Unit

cpa1

Specific heat of moist air entering indoor-side

J/kg.K

cpa2

Specific heat of moist air leaving indoor-side

J/kg.K

ha1

Specific enthalpy of wet air entering indoor-side compartment

kJ/kg of dry air

ha2

Specific enthalpy of air leaving indoor-side compartment

kJ/kg of dry air

hw1

Specific enthalpy of water or steam supplied to indoor-side compartment

kJ/kg

hw2

Specific enthalpy of condenser moisture leaving indoor-side compartment

kJ/kg

hw3

Specific enthalpy of condensate removed by the air-treating coil in the outdoorside compartment

kJ/kg

hw4

Specific enthalpy of the water supplied to the outdoor-side compartment

kJ/kg

hw5

Specific enthalpy of the condensed water or the frost generated by the


equipment

kJ/kg

K1

Latent heat of vaporisation of water (constant = 2 460)

kJ/kg

Heat removed by cooling coil in the outdoor-side compartment

co

Heat removed by the condenser coil of the equipment

Latent cooling capacity (dehumidifying)

eo

Heat supplied to the evaporator coil of the equipment

lci

Heat removed from indoor-side compartment

li

Heat leakage flow into the indoor-side compartment through all the enveloping
surfaces of the indoor-side compartment, except the separating partition to the
outdoor-side compartment

lo

Heat leakage flow out of the outdoor-side compartment through all the
enveloping surfaces of the outdoor-side compartment, except the separating
partition to the indoor-side compartment

lp

Heat leakage flow through the separating partition into the indoor-side
compartment from the outdoor-side compartment

Sensible cooling capacity

tci

Total cooling capacity, indoor-side data

tco

Total cooling capacity, outdoor-side data

thi

Total heating capacity, indoor-side data

tho

Total heating capacity, outdoor-side data

Total power input to equipment

Pt

38

Description

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

Symbol

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Description

Unit

PE

Effective power input to the equipment

Pic

Sum of all power inputs to the indoor-side compartment

Poc

Sum of all power inputs to any apparatus in the outdoor-side compartment


(e.g., reheaters, fans, etc.)

W
3

qvi

Indoor air flow rate

qwo

Mass flow rate of water supplied to the outdoor-side calorimeter compartment

g/s

Sensible heat ratio

ta1

Temperature of air entering indoor-side compartment

ta2

Temperature of air leaving indoor-side compartment

SHR

m /s

C
3

vn

Specific volume of air at air-flow measuring device

qwc

Rate at which water vapour is condensed by the equipment

Wi1

Specific humidity of air entering indoor-side compartment

kg/kg of dry air

Wi2

Specific humidity of air leaving indoor-side compartment

kg/kg of dry air

Wn

Specific humidity at the nozzle inlet

kg water
vapour/kg of dry
air

m /kg of air-water
vapour mixture
g/s

39

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex F
(informative)
Test at system reduced capacity

F.1 General
System reduced capacities and energy efficiency ratios or coefficients of performance are determined in
accordance with the provisions specified in EN 14511-2 and this part, with a system capacity ratio of
0,5 5 %, by the disconnection of indoor units, if the arrangement of indoor units allows; if not, an alternative
ratio should be selected.
NOTE
Other system reduced capacities and energy efficiency ratios or coefficients of performance may be
determined, if required, at system capacity ratios different from 0,5.

F.2 Selection of units


The modular multisplit system is selected so that one or a combination of indoor units can be used to give a
system reduced capacity required.

F.3 Temperature conditions


Temperature conditions are the standard rating conditions specified in Table 13 of EN 14511-2:2007 for the
heating test and in Table 14 of EN 14511-2:2007 for the cooling test.

F.4 Test results


Test results are recorded and expressed as specified in 4.5.

40

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Annex G
(informative)
Individual unit tests

G.1 General
G.1.1 Methods
The described methods provide means to determine the capacity of an individual indoor unit, either operating
on its own with the other indoor units disconnected, or with all indoor units operating.
All tests are made in accordance with the requirements of EN 14511-2 and of this part.

G.1.2 Calorimeter method


If measurements are made by the calorimeter method, then the testing of an individual unit, with all others
operating, will need at least a three-room calorimeter test facility. If only one unit is operating, a two-room
calorimeter will suffice. Each calorimeter should satisfy requirements described in Annex A.
For the result to be valid, the total capacity calculated from the two indoor rooms should differ by not more
than 5 % from the capacity calculated from the outdoor unit.

G.1.3 Air-enthalpy method


If measurements are made by the air-enthalpy method, then the testing should be done with one or more
indoor rooms and one or more air measuring devices connected to the indoor units. The outdoor unit should
be situated at least in an environmental test room.
The test facility should satisfy the requirements described in Annex B, except that the individual indoor unit to
be tested should have its own plenum and air flow measuring device.

G.2 Temperatures conditions


Temperature conditions are as specified in Tables 13 and 14 of EN 14511-2:2007.

G.3 Other test conditions


Other test conditions, such as environmental conditions or installation, are as specified in EN 14511-2 and this
European Standard.

G.4 Test results


Test results should be recorded and expressed as specified in 4.5.

41

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

G.5 Published results


Results should state if the units not being tested are disconnected or running during the test.

42

NBN EN 14511-3 (2008)

EN 14511-3:2007 (E)

Bibliography

[1]

CEN/TS 14825, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Testing and rating at part load conditions

[2]

EN ISO 5167-1, Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in
circular cross-section conduits running full Part 1: General principles and requirements (ISO 51671:2003)

[3]

ISO 5221, Air distribution and air diffusion Rules to methods of measuring air flow rate in an air
handling duct

43

ICS: 23.120

Geregistreerde
Belgische norm

NBN EN 14511-4
2e uitg., mei 2008

Normklasse: D 40

Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en


warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven compressoren voor
ruimteverwarming en voor koeling - Deel 4: Eisen
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur
lectrique pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 4 : Exigences
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 4: Requirements

Toelating tot publicatie: 29 januari 2008


Vervangt NBN EN 14511-4 (2004).
Deze Europese norm EN 14511-4:2008 heeft de status van een Belgische norm.
Deze Europese norm bestaat in drie officile versies (Duits, Engels, Frans).

Bureau voor Normalisatie Brabanonnelaan 29 B-1000 Brussel Belgi


Tel: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Bank 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110
BIC BPOT BEB1
BTW: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prijsgroep: 12

ICS: 23.120

norme belge
enregistre

NBN EN 14511-4
2e d., mai 2008

Indice de classement: D 40

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes chaleur


avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique pour le chauffage et la
rfrigration des locaux - Partie 4 : Exigences
Luchtbehandelingsapparatuur, koeleenheden met vloeistof en warmtepompen met elektrisch aangedreven
compressoren voor ruimteverwarming en voor koeling - Deel 4: Eisen
Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space
heating and cooling - Part 4: Requirements

Autorisation de publication: 29 janvier 2008


Remplace NBN EN 14511-4 (2004).
La prsente norme europenne EN 14511-4:2008 a le statut d'une norme belge.
La prsente norme europenne existe en trois versions officielles (allemand, anglais, franais).

Bureau de Normalisation - Avenue de la Brabanonne 29 - 1000 Bruxelles - Belgique


Tl: +32 2 738 01 12 - Fax: +32 2 733 42 64 - E-mail: info@nbn.be - NBN Online: www.nbn.be
Banque 000-3255621-10 IBAN BE41 0003 2556 2110 BIC BPOT BEB1 TVA: BE 0880.857.592

NBN 2008

Prix: groupe 12

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 14511-4

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

November 2007

ICS 23.120

Supersedes EN 14511-4:2004

English Version

Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with


electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling Part 4: Requirements
Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide et pompes
chaleur avec compresseur entran par moteur lectrique
pour le chauffage et la rfrigration des locaux - Partie 4 :
Exigences

Luftkonditionierer, Flssigkeitskhlstze und


Wrmepumpen mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern
fr die Raumbeheizung und Khlung - Teil 4:
Anforderungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 October 2007.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2007 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 14511-4:2007: E

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

Contents

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4

Normative references ............................................................................................................................4

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5

Requirements .........................................................................................................................................5

4.1

General....................................................................................................................................................5

4.2

Temperature operating range...............................................................................................................5

4.3

Outside the operating range.................................................................................................................7

4.4

Shutting off the heat transfer medium flows ......................................................................................7

4.5

Complete power supply failure ............................................................................................................8

4.6

Condensate draining and enclosure sweat test .................................................................................8

4.7

Defrosting ...............................................................................................................................................9

4.8

Other requirements................................................................................................................................9

Marking ...................................................................................................................................................9

Technical data sheet ...........................................................................................................................10

6.1

General description .............................................................................................................................10

6.2

Performance characteristics ..............................................................................................................10

6.3

Electrical characteristics ....................................................................................................................11

6.4

Operating range ...................................................................................................................................11

Instructions ..........................................................................................................................................11

7.1

General..................................................................................................................................................11

7.2

Physical description ............................................................................................................................11

7.3

Instructions for installation ................................................................................................................12

7.4

Instruction for maintenance ...............................................................................................................12

Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................13

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 14511-4:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 113 Heat pumps
and air conditioning units, the secretariat of which is held by AENOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by May 2008.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 14511-4:2004.
EN 14511 comprises the following parts under the general title "Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and
heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling:
-

Part 1: Terms and definitions

Part 2: Test conditions

Part 3: Test methods

Part 4: Requirements

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

Scope

This part of EN 14511 specifies minimum requirements which ensure that air conditioners, heat pumps and liquid
chilling packages with electrical driven compressors are fit for the use designated by the manufacturer when used
for space heating and/or cooling.
This European Standard applies to factory-made units that can be ducted.
This standard applies to factory-made liquid chilling packages with integral condensers or for use with remote
condensers.
This standard applies to factory-made units of either fixed capacity or variable capacity by any means.
Packaged units, single split and multisplit systems are covered by this standard. Single duct and double duct units
are covered by the standard.
In the case of units consisting of several parts, the standard applies only to those designed and supplied as a
complete package, except for liquid chilling packages with remote condenser.
This standard is primarily intended for water and brine chilling packages but can be used for cooling any other
liquid subject to agreement.
This standard applies to air-to-air air conditioners which evaporate the condensate on the condenser side.
The units having their condenser cooled by air and by the evaporation of external additional water are not
covered by this standard.
This standard does not apply to units using transcritical cycles, e.g. with CO2 as refrigerant.
Installations used for heating and/or cooling of industrial processes are not within the scope of this standard.
NOTE

Part load testing of units is dealt with in CEN/TS 14825.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
ENV 12102, Air conditioners, heat pumps and dehumidifiers with electrically driven compressors
Measurement of airborne noise Determination of the sound power level
EN 14511-1:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Part 1: Terms and definitions
EN 14511-2:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Part 2: Test conditions
EN 14511-3:2007, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Part 3: Test methods
EN 60204-1, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements (IEC
60204-1:2005, modified)
EN 60335-2-40, Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-40: Particular requirements for
electrical heat pumps, air-conditioners and dehumidifiers (IEC 60335-2-40:2002, modified)

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

EN 61000-3-11, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-11: Limits; Limitation of voltage changes,
voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply system; Equipment with rated current 75 A and
subject to conditional connection (IEC 61000-3-11:2000)

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 14511-1:2007 apply.

Requirements

4.1

General

Except where otherwise stated, tests shall be conducted as described in EN 14511-2 and EN 14511-3.

4.2

Temperature operating range

4.2.1

Starting test

The unit shall be capable of operating within the limit of use indicated by the manufacturer.
For every condition stated in Table 1, and for both cooling and heating mode where applicable, the unit shall start
up and operate for at least 20 min, without being stopped by the safety devices.
Table 1 Operational requirements conditions
Type

Temperature at outdoor heat


exchanger
C

Temperature at indoor
heat exchanger
C

Voltage
V

All types

Upper limit of use

Upper limit of use

Rated voltage

All types

Lower limit of use

Lower limit of use

Rated voltage

The temperatures are set at the beginning of the test and maintained constant during the test.
Test voltage shall be as specified in Table 1. It is set at the beginning of the test and maintained constant during
the test.
The environmental conditions during the test shall be as specified in Tables 1 and 2 of EN 14511-2:2007.
The flow rates shall be the same as that used for rating capacity test, as specified in EN 14511-2.
Deviation between individual values and set values shall be between:

zero and minus twice the permissible deviation according to Table 2 of EN 14511-3:2007, for the upper
limit of use;

zero and plus twice the permissible deviation according to Table 2 of EN 14511-3:2007, for the lower limit
of use.

Uncertainty of measurement shall be as specified in Table 1 of EN 14511-3:2007.

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

4.2.2

Test at maximum operating conditions (cooling mode)

When operated at conditions stated in Table 2 during 1 h, then switch off for 3 min, and then switched on again for
1 h, the unit shall meet the following requirements:

the unit shall suffer no damage;

the unit motor shall operate continuously for the first hour without tripping of the motor overload protective
devices;

after the shut-down period of 3 min, the unit shall restart automatically no more than 5 min after restarting
of the compressor;

the unit motor shall operate again continuously for the rest of the second hour without tripping of the
motor overload protective devices.

NOTE

When possible, switching off the unit should be done through the control panel of the unit.

Table 2 Maximum operating conditions


Type

Temperature at outdoor heat


exchanger
C

Temperature at indoor
heat exchanger
C

Voltage
V

Control cabinet air


conditioner

Upper limit of use

35

Rated voltage

All other types

Upper limit of use

Upper limit of use

Rated voltage

This test can be combined with the corresponding starting test, except for control cabinet air conditioners where
the inlet temperature at the indoor heat exchanger is lowered to 35 C after the starting time.
4.2.3
4.2.3.1

Freeze-up test
Air-cooled unit

After the unit has operated for 6 h at the conditions stated in Table 3, and after the last freeze up cycle has
completed, the following requirements shall be fulfilled:

no ice shall have accumulated on the evaporator;

no ice shall drip from the unit;

no water shall drip or be blown off the unit into the room.

4.2.3.2

Water-cooled units

After the unit has operated for 6 h at the conditions stated in Table 3 the following requirements shall be
fulfilled:

air flow through the unit shall not have dropped by more than 5 %;

NOTE
device.

It should be assured that the air flow through the unit is not adjusted during the test by some automatic control

the water temperature difference through the unit shall not have dropped by more than 30 %;

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

the saturated temperature corresponding to the pressure measured at the suction of the compressor shall
not have decreased by more than 2 K.
Table 3 Freeze up test conditions
Unit type

Temperature at
outdoor heat
exchanger

Temperature at indoor
heat exchanger
C

Air flow rate

Air
Water
All types

Lowest limit of
use

Dry
bulb

Wet
bulb

21

15

Lowest
entering
temperature

Minimum setting
as allowed by the
manufacturer

For all units, electrical power voltage and frequency shall be given by the manufacturer.

4.3

Outside the operating range

If operating outside the temperature range can cause damage to the unit, it shall be provided with safety devices
which ensure that the unit suffers no damage when the operating limits of use indicated by the manufacturer are
exceeded and remains capable of operating when coming back within these limits. A safety device that does not
automatically reset may trip provided that a warning device is fitted.
The manufacturer shall indicate any safety devices provided and their operating conditions according to 7.2.3.

4.4

Shutting off the heat transfer medium flows

To check the correct operating of the safety devices on the unit, the following faults shall be simulated
consecutively. The unit shall have attained steady state in the standard rating conditions according to Tables 3
to 15 of EN14511-2:2007 before every fault is simulated. Each fault simulated shall be maintained for at least
1 h.
NOTE
In case the unit is provided without flow switch but it is required by the manufacturer instructions, the unit
should be tested with an additional flow switch.

a) Shutting off the heat transfer medium flow at the outdoor heat exchanger.
b) Shutting off the heat transfer medium flow at the indoor heat exchanger.
c) Shutting off the heat transfer medium flow at the heat recovery heat exchanger where applicable.
The unit is checked for any damage sustained during the test and if any safety devices have operated during
the test. The unit shall suffer no damage and shall remain capable of operating after restoration of the flow
rates. A safety device that does not automatically reset may trip provided that a warning device is fitted.
For units with defrosting system, an additional test will be conducted at the test conditions specified in Table 4
by shutting off the heat transfer medium flow at the indoor heat exchanger, at the beginning of the defrosting
phase.

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

Table 4 Shutting off the heat transfer medium flows


Outdoor heat exchanger

Indoor heat exchanger

Inlet dry bulb


temperature
C

Inlet wet bulb


temperature
C

Air-to-air units

Air-to-water units

45

35

Type of unit

Air-to-water units
(for floor heating or
similar application)
a

Inlet dry bulb Inlet wet bulb Inlet water


temperature temperature temperature
C
C
C
20

Outlet water
temperature
C

15 max.

The test is performed at the flow rate obtained during the test at the corresponding standard rating conditions.

4.5

Complete power supply failure

Complete power supply failure lasting approximately 5 s shall be simulated. The unit shall have attained steady
state conditions before the fault simulation, at the standard rating condition according to Table 3 to 15 of
EN 14511-2:2007.
After restoration of power the unit shall restart automatically no more than 20 min after the compressor has been
allowed to restart by the control devices of the unit.
The unit is checked for any damage sustained during the test and if any safety devices have operated during the
test.
The test does not apply when the manufacturer states that the machine does not automatically restart after
power supply failure.

4.6

Condensate draining and enclosure sweat test

In heating mode, draining of condensate, including that formed on the enclosure, shall be made correctly when
operating at the standard rating conditions given in Tables 3 to 15 of EN 14511-2:2007.
In cooling mode, draining of condensate, including that formed on the enclosure, shall be made correctly when
operating at conditions given in Table 5.
During the test of 4 h no condensed water shall drip, run or blow off the unit except through the drain.
For indoor units, drain holes shall be provided with suitable pipe connection, the minimum diameter of which shall
be 12 mm.

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

Table 5 Condensate draining and enclosure sweat test. Cooling mode


Indoor heat exchanger temperatures

Air-to-air

Inlet dry
bulb
C

Inlet wet
bulb
C

Inlet
water
C

27

24

Outdoor heat exchanger temperatures

Outlet
water
C

Inlet dry
bulb
C

Inlet wet
bulb
C

Inlet
water
C

Outlet
water
C

27

24

27

24

27

27

27

24

27

24

Water-to-air

27

Close control,
air cooled

27

Close control,
water cooled

27

Control cabinet,
air cooled

27

24

Control cabinet,
water cooled

27

Same water flow rate as for the rating capacity test at the standard rating conditions.

With the highest relative humidity stated by the manufacturer.

If not possible, make the test at the lowest dry bulb temperature (greater than 27 C) with 80 % relative humidity.

4.7

Defrosting

Where applicable, the functioning of any defrosting system shall be specified under any one of the application
rating conditions (see Table 3 to 15 in EN 14511-2:2007), where frosting occurs.
Successive frosting/defrosting cycles shall be repeated without running in progressively deteriorating average
performances.
There shall not be growth of ice in and around the drip tray.

4.8

Other requirements

Components in air handling systems, such as fans, filters, heat exchangers, etc., shall be easily accessible and
resistant for cleaning purposes recommended by the manufacturer.

Marking

Each unit shall have a durable, permanently fixed rating plate that is easily readable or accessible when the unit is
in position for use, bearing at least the following information in addition to information required by safety standards.
In the case of units consisting of several parts which can be made by different matching, only items a) and b) are
to be indicated, where item b) applies to each part.
Items c) and d) depend on the considered matching and shall be indicated in the manufacturer's data sheet.
a) manufacturer or supplier;
b) manufacturer's model designation and serial number;
c) the COP and/or EER to three significant figures and the standard rating condition at which it is measured
according to Tables 3 to 15 of EN 14511-2:2007;

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

d) heating/cooling capacity in kilowatts, with two digits after the decimal comma but not more than 3
significant figures at the test condition given in item c) of Clause 5.
e) for control cabinet air conditioners, the sensible cooling capacity in kilowatts, with one digit after the
decimal comma but not more than 3 significant figures at the test condition given in item c) of Clause 5.
Further information may be provided; with regard to rating only the other rating conditions given in Tables 3 to 15
of EN 14511-2:2007 are to be used.

Technical data sheet

6.1

General description

The manufacturer shall provide the following information:

trade mark, model designation;

power supply (voltage, frequency);

denomination of the unit (e.g.: air-to-water);

intended use of the unit (e.g.: control cabinet air conditioner);

number of separate component units;

type and mass of refrigerant charge;

overall dimensions and weight of each separate component unit.

6.2

Performance characteristics

6.2.1

Rating characteristics

The manufacturer shall provide in a table or as a graph the rating characteristics according to EN 14511-2 and
EN 14511-3.
Rating characteristics include:

the cooling capacity, the effective power input, the EER and the SHR (where applicable);

the heating capacity, the effective power input and the COP (where applicable);

the heat recovery capacity and the type of liquid (where applicable).

The manufacturer shall state that the characteristics apply to a new unit with clean heat exchangers.
6.2.2

Additional characteristics

In addition, the manufacturer shall provide the following characteristics for the rated point(s):

non ducted air-to-air units: flow rates or rotational speeds of fans;

non ducted air-to-water units: air flow rate or rotational speed of fan; water flow rate and pressure
difference;

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NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

unit intended to discharge into double floor: nominal flow rate and external static pressure difference;

other types of units: nominal flow rates and external static pressure differences for air and water.

6.2.3

Sound characteristics

The manufacturer shall provide the sound power level and the corresponding test method according to
ENV 12102.

6.3

Electrical characteristics

The manufacturer shall specify the electrical characteristics in accordance with EN 60335-2-40 or EN 60204-1
as applicable and:

maximum starting current of the unit, as defined in EN 61000-3-11;

total power input and current at the rated point, excluding the starting period;

reactive power or power factor at the rated point, for units with a total power input greater than 10 kW;

power input of fan and pump if included in the units.

6.4

Operating range

The manufacturer shall specify:

limits of use (temperatures and flows);

whether there are devices fitted which do not allow the unit to operate when these limits are exceeded.

Instructions

7.1

General

If not already required by other standards, the manufacturer shall provide the information as described.

7.2

Physical description

7.2.1

Refrigerant, air and/or liquid circuits

The manufacturer shall:

specify the refrigerant, air and liquid circuits preferably providing circuit diagrams, showing every
functional unit, control and safety device and specifying their type;

if the unit uses water in the heat exchangers specify the water capacity contained in the unit, and specify
either the constructional materials of the heat exchangers or the water quality;

if used, specify the type of brine and the concentration into any other liquid;

specify the type of oil to be used in the compressor.

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EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

7.2.2

NBN EN 14511-4 (2008)

Additional heating devices, when integral to the unit

The manufacturer shall specify the type and location of additional heating devices and their control and safety
devices.
7.2.3

Control and safety

The manufacturer shall:

state the functions achieved by the control and safety devices provided with the unit and specify when
applicable their provision for adjustment and the method by which the safety devices are reset;

provide specifications for any control or safety devices necessary to ensure correct operation of the unit
but which are not provided with the unit;

specify any limitation to the use of the rest of the installation.

7.3

Instructions for installation

The manufacturer shall specify in particular:

the required location conditions (whether units are to be installed outside or in a weather proof enclosure,
or in a heated space);

requirements of physical layout, access and clearance;

requirements for the electrical, liquid, air and refrigerant connections, to be made on site;

the location of warning and tripping devices;

the installation precautions to be taken to ensure, in particular:

correct circulation of the heat transfer media;

water draining;

cleanliness of heat exchange surfaces;

to minimise noise, vibration or other adverse effects.

Special indications for units using soil, sea water, ground water or surface water: specify any materials which are
in contact with the water or with the brine.

7.4

Instruction for maintenance

The manufacturer shall state:

content and frequency of routine maintenance operations to be performed by the user;

content and frequency of maintenance and inspection operations which shall be performed by a specialist.

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EN 14511-4:2007 (E)

Bibliography

[1]

CEN/TS 14825, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven
compressors for space heating and cooling Testing and rating at part load conditions

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