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Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

DROUGHT CONTINGENCY
PLAN

OLDONYIRO WARD
(FINAL)

ISIOLO COUNTY
JUNE 2015

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Executive Summary
The Contingency planning process that produced this Drought Contingency
Plan for Oldonyiro Ward was conducted at Oldonyiro from 23rd-28th June
2015. Participants were drawn from across the Oldonyiro Ward to ensure
proper representation. The workshop was a follow up of Participatory
Disaster Risk Assessment (PDRA) for Nooloroi Location which was done in the
year 2013 by National Drought Management Authority
The objectives of the contingency planning workshop were to:
Understand basic disaster risk reduction terms
Carryout in depth drought risk analysis for Oldonyiro Ward
Formulate drought risk reduction measures: preparedness, mitigation
Understand linkages with National Drought Management Authority
(NDMA), and with other stakeholders
National Drought management Authority, as the organization legally
mandated to coordinate all drought management activities in Kenya, uses
the Drought Cycle Management (DCM) model in its efforts towards realizing
this mandate. Drought being a slow onset hazard, it exhibits a series of
indicators as it progresses from its mild form to its worst case, thus creating
a drought cycle. DCM model classifies drought into 5 stages/phases namely
Normal, Alert, Alarm, Emergency and Recovery phases. These phases are
defined as follows:
NORMAL: The normal phase occurs when the stability (environmental
indicators), availability, access, and utilization Indicators show no unusual
fluctuations and remain within the expected ranges for the time of the year
in a given livelihood zone, division or district. In this phase, the risk is low,
and vulnerability is low.
ALERT: The alert phase is when the stability indicators show unusual
fluctuations outside expected seasonal ranges within the whole County or
livelihood zone. The alert level also occurs when household asset levels are
still too low to provide adequate subsistence level, and vulnerability to food
insecurity is still high. In this phase, risk is moderate, and vulnerability is
moderate.
ALARM: The alarm phase occurs when stability and availability indicators
(e.g., livestock/ crop production) fluctuate outside expected seasonal ranges
affecting the local economy. This condition affects most parts of the district,
and directly or indirectly threatens food security of vulnerable livelihood
zones. In this phase, risk is high, and vulnerability is high.
EMERGENCY: In the emergency phase, all indicators are outside of normal
ranges, local production systems have collapsed within the dominant
economy. The emergency phase affects asset status and purchasing power
to extent that seriously threatens food security
Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

RECOVERY: Indicators returning to seasonal norms; local economies staring


to recover; destitute people have returned to place of origin or found new
employment.
With this understanding and technical guidance from NDMA and Kenya Rural
Development Programme (KRDP-ASAL DM) officers, the community
developed their Drought Contingency Plan and validated by Isiolo County
technical officers and as well as at sub-location level and the final report
compiled as contained in this report.

Table of Contents
Executive Summary.................................................................................................... 2
1.0

Introduction....................................................................................................... 4

1.1

Administrative structure and Population........................................................4

1.2

Critical Facilities............................................................................................. 5

1.2.1

Roads....................................................................................................... 5

1.2.2

Schools.................................................................................................... 5

1.2.3

Market Places.......................................................................................... 6

1.2.3

Health Facilities....................................................................................... 6

1.2.4

Police Posts.............................................................................................. 6

1.2.5.

Water sources.......................................................................................... 6

1.2.6

Strategic Grazing Areas...........................................................................7

2.0

Context Analysis............................................................................................... 8

2.1

Livelihood Zones............................................................................................ 8

2.3

Seasonal Calendar....................................................................................... 11

2.6

Wealth Breakdown and Income Sources......................................................12

2.6.1

Kipsing location..................................................................................... 12

2.6.2

Oldonyiro Location.................................................................................13

2.7
3.0

Sources of food............................................................................................ 14
Drought Scenarios........................................................................................... 14

3.1

Water Sector Drought Scenario....................................................................14

3.3

Education Sector Drought Scenario.............................................................17

3.4

Health Sector Drought Scenario...................................................................19

4.0
4.1

Sector Intervention Plans................................................................................ 22


Water Sector Intervention Plans...................................................................22

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

4.2

Livestock Sector Intervention Plans.............................................................33

4.3

Education Sector Intervention Plans............................................................48

4.4

Health and Nutrition Intervention Plans.......................................................55

4.6

Social Protection: Relief Food Provision........................................................71

5.0
5.1.

Management and Coordination of CP process.................................................73


Standard Operating Procedures...................................................................73

1.0Introduction
Oldonyiro Ward is one of the ten wards in Isiolo County. Following the
enactment of new constitution the Wards were readjusted to target a bigger
population and large areas. The ward is in Isiolo North Sub-County .
Oldonyiro Ward is vast and has a harsh terrain. The ward stretches from
Ngarendare to the West to Kunancho to the West along Ewaso Nyiro river.
The ward is inhabited by Samburu mainly with a few turkana living in
Oldonyiro and Kipsing centres.
The current challenges facing the ward are high illiteracy levels;
retrogressive cultural practices that do not advocate for girl child education
such as early marriages; poor infrastructure and poverty level of 71%,
according to statistics.
The Ward has a diverse flora and fauna, forming an ideal ecosystem for
promotion of eco-tourism. Communities through NRT, AWF and Olontile have
developed Conservancies and these are Mpus-Kutuk ,Narupa, Nalare,
Naramat conservancies. There is, however, environmental degradation, as
90% of the population relies on wood and charcoal for fuel. Charcoal burning
is also an income generating activity; a negative coping strategy in the
current drought.
1.1 Administrative structure and Population
Administratively, the ward is divided into four locations namely Oldonyiro,
Longopito, Kipsing and Lenguruma with six sub-locations namely Oldonyiro,
Rumate, Tuale, Lenguruma, Longopito and Kipsing. The ward has the
following populations:
Sub
Location
Oldonyiro
Longopito
Kipsing

MALE
4850
1406
1666

FEMA
LE
4878
1450
1741

TOTA
L
9828
2856
3407

HOUSEHO
LDS
1348
587
745

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

AREA
SQ KM
255
366
205

IN

DENSI
TY
16
08
17

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Lengurum
a
Totals

1031

1122

2153

473

335

06

7,547

7,841

15,38
8

3,153

1,161.2

13

Politically, Oldonyiro Ward is one of the 7 Wards in Isiolo North Constituency


of Isiolo County. The other 3 wards being Kinna, Garbatulla and Sericho
Wards.
1.2 Climatic Condition
The Ward is hot and dry most of the months in the year with two rainy
seasons, short rains occur in October and November with very little showers
during the long rains of March-May. The rainfall received in the ward is
usually scarce and unreliable with an annual average of 200-350 mm with
the wettest months being October-November .Since rainfall is erratic and
unreliable, it cannot support crop farming hence high , depending mainly on
livestock rearing hence poverty levels are recorded in the Ward
1.3 Livestock Population
The main livestock species reared in the Ward are cattle, goats, sheep,
camels, donkeys and bees. Donkeys provide the key mode of transport. Their
population by species is as indicated below
Locatio
ns

Cattle

Goats

Sheep

Camel Donke
s
ys

Log
Hiv
es

Oldonyir
o
Kipsing

8,000

20,000

12,000

1208

1500

Lang
strot
h
310

11,000

33,000

15,000

2210

3602

50

Totals

19,00
0

57,000

27,00
0

3418

5,102

360

Poultry
Loca Grad
l
e
300
0
2
210
0
0
0
510
2

1.2 Critical Facilities


Oldonyiro Ward is blessed with several critical facilities ranging from schools,
dispensaries, sand dams and water pans, among others.
1.2.1 Roads
The Ward is served by earth road. There are other roads such as road from
Oldonyiro town through Kipsing to Isiolo. Oldonyiro - Nanyuki to Isiolo. Other
minor roads (class E) include:

Waso bridge(crocodile jaws) to Oldonyiro

Oldonyiro to Kimanjo

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Oldonyiro to Mabati through Tuale

Kipsing to Ngarendare

Oldonyiro to Nantudu

1.2.2 Schools
Oldonyiro Ward has two secondary schools (Oldonyiro and Kipsing mixed
secondary Schools) and 8 primary schools, each with its Early Childhood
Centre (ECD). Their enrolment figures for 2014 are as illustrated below.
Source: Samburu East Sub-County Education
Office

S/No.

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
viii.
ix.
x.
xi.
xii.
xiii.
xiv.
xv.

Name of School

ECD Enrolment
Boy
Tota
s
Girls l

Oldonyiro primary

29

31

Lobarishereki primary

63

Raap primary

Primary
Enrolment

School

Boys

Girls

Total

Grand
Total

60

301

287

588

648

44

107

203

195

398

505

21

16

37

77

52

129

166

Rumate primary

15

11

26

34

22

56

82

Parkuruk primary

34

25

59

77

48

125

184

Tuale primary
Kipsing primary
Lengwenyi primary

16
53
11

14
42
08

30
95
19

98
198
65

72
144
33

170
342
98

200
437
117

Longopito primary

32

25

57

29

22

51

108

Ndugu Zangu primary

22

15

37

124

97

221

258

Parkishon primary
Kawalash Primary
Nooloroi primary
Oldonyiro
Secondary
School
Kipsing
Secondary
School
Total

21
25
21

11
19
17

32
44
38

22
21
75

18
18
48

50
39

82
93

115

86

201

201

86

67

153

383

278

152
5

120
9

273
4

153
3395

661

1.2.3 Market Places


The ward has two markets namely Kipsing and Oldonyiro. Pastoralists use
these markets to sell their livestock and buy commodities like cereals,
livestock drugs and clothes.
Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

1.2.3 Health Facilities


There are two health centres and two dispensaries in the Ward, namely:
Oldonyiro, Kipsing and Tuale and Labarishereki respectively. There is one
private health centre namely Narrapu.
Though the facilities have few practitioners, there are adequate drugs to
meet health challenges presented at the facilities. The main challenge is
community preferring traditional health intervention and only resorting to
dispensaries as a last resort. However, this is being addressed through
medical outreaches, though still on a small scale.

1.2.4 Police Posts


The Ward has one regular police and AP units in Oldonyiro centre, on and
GSU camp in Kipsing.
1.2.5.
Water sources
Though the Ward has a number of water sources, the Ward is still water
deficit. Among the water sources in the area include:

Three rock catchments- Mokori, Lenguruma and Kawalash


1 water pipeline from Ewaso- Nyiro to Oldonyiro.
30 sand dams
3 boreholes.
2 shallow wells with hand pumps but are not functioning.
14 water pans
Roof catchment, especially in institutions

Sand dams and pans are mainly located in the grazing fields and centres.
Water is still a challenge as during drought most areas of the ward are
supported with fuel subsidy and water trucking to institutions such as
schools and dispensaries.
1.2.6 Strategic Grazing Areas
Oldonyiro Ward has the following grazing areas strategic to the livelihoods of
the community. They include the following areas:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Parkishon
Lchurai
Lekuruki
Nalare

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Other important areas likely to receive large number of livestock include:


Crocodile jaws (Nolkinyang )and areas around Kunancho bridge

2.0Context Analysis
2.1 Livelihood Zones
Oldonyiro Ward is composed of one livelihood zone namely pastoral, where
the community rears livestock (Camels, Cattle and Shoats).
The Ward has a diverse flora and fauna, which are attractive for tourists. The
ward has camp sites and community wildlife conservancies which attract
tourists.
2.2

Drought Vulnerability and Coping Capacities

AREA OF VULNERABILITY
ANALYSIS
Physical
vulnerabilit
ies

CAPACITY/OPPORTUNITIE
S

Existence of hilly and low


grass cover in the Ward
predisposes the Ward to
environmental degradation
during drought periods

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Existence of devolved
governance
and
community conservancies
to plan and implement
ward and
inter-county

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Widespread/chronic
food
shortage due to lack of
appropriate preparedness

Technical
vulnerabilit
ies

Inadequate infrastructural
development
such
as
roads,
mobile
phone
network
to
effectively

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

programmes on resource
sharing,
joint
disease
control measures, peace
building
and
conflict
resolution activities, etc.
Existence
of
large
underutilized tracks of
land, permanent water
sources such as Ewaso
Nyiro River, and other
seasonal
rivers
and
valleys (laggas) that can
be harnessed for large
scale irrigation.
With
existence
of
Oldonyiro and Kipsing
livestock markets where
foodstuffs and livestock
products are supplied,
communities
require
training on how to take
advantage of seasonal
food price variation as
they exchange livestock
for food. e.g.purchasing
households annual food
requirement when food
prices are least as per
drought cycle.
With the existence of
Ewaso- Nyiro Oldonyiro
water pipeline and NIB
planned
two
phase
irrigation
projects
in
Oldonyiro area will enable
community
diversify
livelihood and increase
food
production
and
hence nutritional status
improved.
Existence of devolved
governance, development
partners and well-wishers
who supports DRR and

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Economic

prevent and
manage
impacts of drought and
related hazards

CCA programmes

Limited
livelihood
diversification predisposes
the community to great
losses in livelihood asset
living them with limited
capacity for self-recovery.
Limited access to credit
facilities
to
support
livelihood
development
and diversification.

There is potential for


livelihood diversification
in areas of irrigated
farming, livestock breed
improvement
and
diversification, business,
etc
Existence
of
financial
institutions agents (KCB,
Equity Bank) in the Ward
and other low interest
government
credit
facilities such as Uwezo
Fund, Women Enterprise
Fund whose officials are
available in the Ward
The existence of weekly
Oldonyiro and Kipsing
livestock
market
increases trade.

Political

Historical marginalization
of
the
county
since
independence and even
after
devolution
of
governance in Kenya, low
investment
in
the
foundation
for
development
(infrastructure,
services,
etc) seems to be sustained
especially in far flung areas
of the Ward, increasing
vulnerability to drought
and related hazards
Local governance system
and institutions seems to
have
low
goodwill
to
pursue justice especially
in matters relating rustling

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Devolution to enhance
political participation of
citizens
Implementation of EDE to
provide investment in
infrastructure
and
services.
The existence of Isiolo
climate adaptation fund
(ICAF) under the climate
change adaptation project
and existence of Isiolo
climate
change
adaptation bill
Existence
of
socially
respected
community
elders e.g. the dedhas to
legislate binding by-laws
at community level to

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

eradicate various vices in


the community

and conflict cases

Cultural

and belief
patterns

Institutiona
l

Ethnocentrism and clanism


has compromised efforts to
deal with rustling as each
community tend to protect
their own suspects.
Communitys
social
attachment to livestock as
the
only
measure
of
measure of wealth has led
to
maintenance
of
unsustainable
large
livestock herd with dire
consequences
to
the
environment.
This
attachment to livestock
has
also
hampered
voluntary destocking, even
for worthy cause such as
selling in preparedness to
deal with drought impacts
such as increased food
prices
and
disease
management.
The belief that pasture is
God given and that man
has
no
control
or
responsibility
over
its
management has led to
poor management of this
resource
and
limited
efforts in its conservation
in building resilience
High
dependence
on
external aid

Inadequate integration of
DRR and Climate change
Adaptation
by
various
institutions
Limited funding to some
institutions
to
address

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Presence of Department
of Culture, Gender and
Social services to address
underlying social issues
Promote
education
standards
of
the
community
and
awareness on disaster
risk reduction and climate
change adaptation
Support awareness on
DRR and climate change
adaptation at household
level
Existence of council of
elders to address social
as well as security issues.

Establishment of NDMA to
champion adoption of
DRR and CCA measures
by
all
development
partners and communities
Existence of devolved

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

pertinent
community
issues
Poor management in key
community
institutions
that
manage
and
coordinate core community
activities and resources.
Though the community has
early
warning
(EW)
information, there is low
synthesis
into
risk
scenarios and how to take
advantage
of
different
scenarios at household and
community level

government to ensure
adequate resources are
channeled
to
priority
areas of the community
Existence
of
ending
drought
emergencies
(EDE) strategy
The presence of two
drought monitors in the
ward who collect EWS
data on monthly basis.

2.3 Seasonal Calendar


The Ward experiences two rainfall seasons, the Long rains and the short rains. Long
rains occurs in April to May while the short rains normally fall in late October to
December with the short rains being most pronounced and therefore more reliable
than the long rains. Therefore, productivity in terms of milk output, meat and
livestock prices is highest during the mentioned months. Hunger periods mostly
occur during the months of July to October, when productivity is low due to dry
spell.

2.5

Livestock Migratory Patterns

For ease of description, livestock migration patterns in Oldonyiro Ward can be


categorized into two sections based on where livestock comes from. These are
livestock from Kipsing, Oldonyiro
i.

Kipsing livestock

Livestock from Kipsing migrate to Ngarendare, to Mulango to Lowa Longichu where


they meet with livestock from Isiolo central and Burat locations. From this point all
the livestock migrate to Lare soro and Loosesia. Some also migrate to Nesarge into
Laikipia hills.
ii.

Oldonyiro Livestock

In seasons when pasture and water availability is fair, these livestock may migrate
to Lchurai and back to manyattas. However, when drought situation is worsening,
livestock migrate from Nalare and Parkishon- Naturatur. But when this is over the
migrate to
a) To Lpingwan, Karachira, Sukutan Rumuruti
Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County


b) To Poyce Robo, Ireri to Mt. Kenya.

During droughts some pastoralist hire private ranchers farms and pay on monthly
basis for grazing their livestock

2.6 Wealth Breakdown and Income Sources


Analysis of wealth ranking in Oldonyiro Ward is indicated as below
2.6.1 Kipsing location
Household
Type
Very Poor

Poor

%
of Characteristi
Household
cs
Type
40%
The Household
does not own
any livestock
species
(i.e.
cattle, camel,
sheep, goats,
donkeys
or
chicken)
Cash transfer
30%

Sources
income

The HH owns
the following
livestock
at
most:
Cattle- up
to 5
Sheep- up
to 10
Goats- up
to 5
However, the
HH
doesnt
have camels
or Donkeys

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

of Average
income
(Kshs.)
Monthly:
Kshs 2,000
as - 3,000

Casual
labour,
mainly
livestock
herder;
Charcoal
burning;
Sale of fire
wood

Kshs 3000Casual
6000)
labour
Sales
of
own
livestock

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Middle
Class

Rich

25%

5%

The HH owns
the following
assets:
Cattle-6 35
Sheep-11 60
Goat-6
50
Donkeyup to 10
Camelsless than 5
Cattle-over
35,
Sheepover 60, Goatover
50,
donkey over
10

Kshs 5,000
Stable
employmen 50,000
t
Sale
of
livestock,
Own small
size
business

Stable
Kshs
employment,
50,001 and
Sales
of above.
livestock,

2.6.2 Oldonyiro Location


Type
of %
of Source
of
Household
Househo Income
ld Type
Very Poor
30%
-Sale
charcoal,
-Casual
employment
Begging/para
n
-Cash
transfers
Poor
20%
-Sales
of
charcoal,
-Casual
employment
-cash
transfers
-Begging

Characteristic
s

Average
Monthly
income
2,000-3,000

-Chicken 0-4
-Sheltertemporary-can
afford up to 30%
of
food
requirement
no
other
livestock owned
-Has shelter but 3,001-9,999
temporary
-Can afford to
buy 30-50% of
food
requirement
-can attempt to

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

-Changaa
brewing/busa
a
Middle Class

40%

Rich

5%

Stable
employme
nt with fair
salary
Businesses
e.g
Livestock
trading,
sale
of
curios etc

-Businesses,
which
may
include
a
business
vehicle
for
income
generation
- -Can buy
and
sale
cattle
and
goats
-Accessing
loans
from
banks
-Merry
go
round etc

pay school fees


-chicken 5-10
-Has at least 50- 10,000100 cattle and 50,000
goats
-Businesses e.g.
small
kiosk,
motor
cycles,
merry go round
send
their
children
to
schools and can
afford to pay
fees
-cars
Above 50,000
-Permanent
buildings
-Motor cycles
-Cattle
and
goats
-Rental houses
Polygamous(mor
e than 1 wife)

2.7 Sources of food


Livestock products such as meat, milk and blood constitute the main source of food
especially to non-town dwellers. Households acquire these products from livestock it
rears, and therefore any shock to livestock directly translates to negative impact to
food security in the area. The community also sells their livestock in the two main
livestock markets in the Ward to access other food items such as maize grain, maize
meal, fat, sugar, among others products in their local livestock markets. Traders
source these products from outside the Ward from as far areas as Nanyuki. As long
as there is good supply of these products at the source, their supply in Oldonyiro
Ward is assured, subject to insecurity, in which case imported food supply drops
leading to increased prices.

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

3.0Drought Scenarios
3.1 Water Sector Drought Scenario
Alert
At alert stage of drought the community normally accesses its water supplies
from various sources including , sand dams ,shallow wells, water pans, hand
pumps, boreholes, permanent river i.e. Waso Nyiro River, Ewaso- Nyiro
Oldonyiro water pipeline which supplies Oldonyiro centre. During this period,
water quantity accessed by the community is within normal ranges. In
addition all water sources except Waso River. Distances to water sources for
both human and livestock is mostly less than a kilometres as all depressions
across the Ward contains water, translating to less than 3 minutes of waiting
time (to fill 20 litre water Jerri-can) for both livestock and human beings at
the water sources. Normally boreholes are un-used hence no breakdowns of
these facilities as community access their water from more nearby
depressions, sand dams ,laggas and water pans. Underground water table is
normally high due to adequate water infiltration into the soil. As a result, only
one man would be required to water livestock from the sand dams. In
Oldonyiro centre, a 20 litres of water retails at Kshs 5.
Early Alarm
At this stage, due to extended water consumption without recharge and
evaporation as a result of increased atmospheric temperatures, all water
pans dries up, some sand dams may dry up also but majority will experience
decreased water output due to lowered water table.sand dams and Waso
River becomes the most reliable water sources for the community even
though their outputs are reduced. Due to increased concentration of
livestock in one water source, waiting time increases to 20 minutes per head
of livestock as one water source serves more livestock and human being.
Livestock watering which was only done during the day before this stage, will
therefore adjust to 24 hours a day. On the other hand, those accessing water
from sand dam wells will require 2-3 men to draw water to the earth surface.

Late Alarm
At this point most of the sand dams wells dry out, water pans and other
depressions that normally hold water during rainy season are all dry;. Water
quantity in Ewaso Nyiro River and sand dams has reduced by 60%. As a
result households in Oldonyiro centre now cannot depend on the EwasoNyiro Oldonyiro water pipeline but mostly depend on the sand dam near the
police station. During this drought stage, distances to water points is
approximately 20km and waiting time at the water source is approximately
Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

30 minutes in reserve areas whereas in centres the distance to water points


remains 1km but water availability.
Emergency Stage
At this stage, all water sources have dried except few sand dams. Despite
the high temperature being experienced at this stage, both livestock and
human beings can only access about 30% of their normal water supply. At
this stage distance to water points and pasture ranges from 15km to 40 km.

Recovery Phase
This stage starts with seasonal rainfall onset where surface water sources
such as water pans, sand dams ,waterholding natural depressions and
laggas starts accumulating water. Water distances start to decrease towards
normal as more surface water sources across the Ward accumulates water.
As rainfall continues, underground water reserves recharges; water table
rises and bore holes are on their way to normal water supply.
Livestock Sector Drought Scenario
Drought
Indicato
rs
Rainfall

Pasture

Normal

Alert

Early
Alarm

Late
Alarm

Emerge
ncy

Recover
y

There
is
timely
rainfall
onset (i.e.
mid
November
and
2nd
week
of
March for
Short
rains and
long rains,
respective
ly),
Normal
distributio
n, normal
rainfall
quantity
for SR and
LR.
Available

Only
rainfall
activity
has
stopped

Rainfall
activity
has
stopped

Only
rainfall
activity
has
stopped

Rainfall:
no rains

Rainfall
activity
has
started

Still,

Quantity

Available

Very little Pasture

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Drought
Indicato
rs
quantity
and
quality

Normal

Alert

and
of
high
quality
and
quantity

pasture is
available
in
adequate
quantity
and
of
high
quality.

Body
condition
and
mortalitie
s

Good due
to plenty
of
pasture,
water and
short
distances
to water
and
pasture
High ( 1.5
litres) due
to
adequate
quantity
and
quality
pasture &
water and
shorter
distances
to these
resources
Very high
(Ksh.
31,000
Ksh.
40,000)
for
an
average
sized

Milk
productio
n

Livestock
prices

Early
Alarm

Late
Alarm

Emerge
ncy

Recover
y

reduced
substantia
lly
in
other
areas
except in
dry
season
grazing
areas;
pasture
dried
Good due Fair
to
to plenty poor(ema
of pasture, ciated)
water and
short
distances
to
water
and
pasture

quantity
in
dry
season
grazing
areas
reduced
by over
50%

pasture
may be
available
and
of
very
poor
nutrition
al value.

and
browse
rejuvenat
ion
has
started
with
onset of
rainfall

Emaciate
d
with
minimal
deaths

Emaciate
d
with
widespre
ad
deaths

Improvin
g
with
limited
livestock
deaths

High due
to
adequate
quantity
and
quality
pasture &
water and
shorter
distances
to
these
resources

Reduced
productio
n (50% of
lactating
cows dry)
due
to
inadequat
e
and
poor
quality
pasture
and water

No milk No milk
productio productio
n by over n
80%
lactating
herd

Minimal
milk
productio
n
but
below
normal.

Very high
to
High
prices
(ksh.
26,000

Ksh.
30,000)
for
an

Low (Ksh.
16,000
Ksh.
25,000)

Very low
(Ksh.
8,000
Ksh.
15,000)

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

No
Very low
economi to
low
c value prices
due
to
severe
emaciati
on

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Drought
Indicato
rs

Migration

Livestock
disease

Normal

Alert

cattle of
about
200kg
because
of
good
body
condition
Generally
no
migration
s
are
reported
as water
and
pasture
are
readily
available

average
size cattle
of
about
200kg
because of
good body
condition
Generally
no
migrations
are
reported
as
water
and
pasture
are readily
available
but
may
start
migration
in
late
alert
Few
because of
better
health
through at
time, foot
and mouth

Very few
because
of better
health
although
at times a
few cases
of
foot
and
mouth
disease
(FMD) is
reported

Early
Alarm

Late
Alarm

Emerge
ncy

Recover
y

Minimum
migration
due
to
good
pasture
and water

There is
high
uncoordi
nated
migratio
ns

Minimal
migratio
n
as
most
livestock
are
too
weak to
move

Livestock
returning
to
their
normal
areas

Increased
outbreak
of
livestock
diseases
such
as
FMD,
CCPP, PPR
etc due to
migration(
both
inward
and
outward)

High
outbreak
of
livestock
diseases
such as
FMD,
CCPP,
PPR etc
due
to
migratio
n(both
inward
and
outward)

Severe
outbreak
of
livestock
diseases
such as
FMD,
CCPP,
PPR etc
due
to
migratio
n(both
inward
and
outward)

Reducing
disease
incidence
s

3.3 Education Sector Drought Scenario

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Drought
Indicato
rs
Attendan
ce

Normal

Alert

Early
Alarm

Late
Alarm

Emerge
ncy

Recovery

100%

100%

90% due
to
migratio
n
of
househol
ds
far
from
schools
and
inadequa
te
food
at
househol
d level

0%

0%

10%.
Attribute
d to long
distances
to
schools
after
families
migrate,
inadequa
te
food
at
househol
d level,
lack
of
school
fees and
increase
d
insecurit
y
11
16
15km
20km
due
to
migratio
n
of

Drops to
30% due
to further
increase
d
migratio
n
of
househol
ds
far
from
schools
and
inadequa
te
food
at
househol
d level
Increase
to 70%

School
attendanc
e starts to
improve as
household
s
start
migrating
back
to
residence

Drop
outs

Drops to
60% due
to
increase
d
migratio
n
of
househol
ds
far
from
schools
and
inadequa
te
food
at
househol
d level
Increase
to 40%

Distance 1-10km
from
home to
schools

1-10km

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

>21km

Reducing
toward 0%
as
pupil/stude
nt
return
to school

Starts
to
reduce as
household
s return to
their

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Enrolmen 60%
t

60%

househol
ds
50% due
to
migratio
n hence
longer
distances
to
schools
especiall
y
for
younger
pupils,
food
limitation
at
househol
d level,
insecurit
y, lack of
boarding
facilities

40% due
to
migratio
n hence
longer
distances
to
schools
especiall
y
for
younger
pupils,
food
limitation
at
househol
d level,
insecurit
y, lack of
boarding
facilities

0-5%
due
to
migratio
n hence
longer
distances
to
schools
especiall
y
for
younger
pupils,
food
limitation
at
househol
d level,
insecurit
y, lack of
boarding
facilities

normal
residence
Improves
as
household
s return to
their
normal
residence
reducing
distances
to schools,
improved
access to
food
and
general
improvem
ent
in
security
situation

3.4 Health Sector Drought Scenario


Droug
ht
Indicat
ors
Eating
habits

Normal

Alert

Consum
es
2
meals
and tea
in a day
Meal

compos
ed
of
cereal
(maize)
and
proteins
(meat,
blood

Early
Alarm

Consum
es
2
meals
and tea
in a day
Meal

compos
ed
of
cereal
(maize)
and
proteins
(meat,
blood

Late
Alarm

Consume
s
one
meal and
tea in a
day
For
the
middle
clas and
rich
househol
d, meal
is

compose
d
of

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Emergen
cy

Consum
es one
meal
and
black
tea in a
day
Skip
meals
for
a

day
Meal
compos
ed
of

Recovery

Many

househ
olds
skips
entire
day

before
taking
one
meal
Meal
compo
sed of
cereal

Consum
es 1-2
meals
and tea
in a day
Meal
compos
ed
of
cereal
(maize)
and fat,
and as
drought
improve

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Droug
ht
Indicat
ors

Normal

Alert

mainly)
Normal
food
quantity
eaten
Milk
consum
ed
in
plenty

Early
Alarm

mainly)
Adequat
e
quantity
of food
eaten
Milk
consum
ed
in
plenty

Late
Alarm

cereal
(maize)
and
proteins
(meat,
blood
mainly)
but
for
poor and
very
poor
househol
ds
full
meals is
porridge
(compos
ed
of
maize
meal,
water,
fat
and
salt) for
adults
but with
addition
of milk if
available
for

children.
Alternati
vely the
meal
may be
compose
d of plain
maize,
fat
and
salt.
Quantity
of
food
eaten
reduced

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Emergen
cy

cereal
(maize)
and fat
with

some
househ
olds
affordin
g
limited
proteins
(meat,
blood,
beans),
mainly,
meat.

Quantit
y
of
food
eaten
reduced
with
meat
and
blood
most
affected
Milk
consum
ed
reduced
with
children
given
priority

Recovery

(maize)
and
fats
Quantit
y
of
food
eaten
reduce
d with

meat
and
blood
most
affecte
d
Genera
lly
no
milk
availab
le
for
childre
n

s
proteins
(meat,
blood,
beans),
mainly,
meat
may be
added.
food
quantity
eaten
improve
s
towards
normal
Milk
consum
ed
improve
s
towards
normal
with
more
househ
old
member
s
gaining
access
to milk

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Droug
ht
Indicat
ors

MUAC
(%)

Normal

Below 10%

Alert

10% -15%

Early
Alarm

Late
Alarm

with
meat
and
blood
most
affected
Milk
consume
d
reduced
with
children
given
priority
Available
meals
are
shared
with
neighbor
s
and
relatives
Househol
ds may
borrow
food
or
get food
on credit
from
shops
15.1%
- 17.6%
17.5%
29.9%

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

Emergen
cy

Recovery

- 30% and Below 30%


above

Oldonyiro Ward Drought Contingency Plan, Isiolo County

Contingency plan for Oldonyiro ward, Isiolo County.

4.0Sector Intervention Plans


4.1 Water Sector Intervention Plans
CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

Early Alert

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

EW Phase Triggers: SPI-3month: <-1; VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected in
months;
Source Target
EALT 1
Provision of Rehabilitati Alert
To
1

safe, clean
provide
mont s:
areas:
on of sand
and
safe
h
Oldonyiro
Sand
dams
adequate
clean
Kipsing,
dams
Repair
of
water
and
Longopit
water
pipeline
adequat
o,
pans,
e water
Lolchinge
hand
to
pumps , Adapal
vulnerab
Ngorika,

,
le
Other
boreho
househol
areas:
les,
ds,
Lagaama
Waso
livestock
n
River

and
institutio
ns
during
drought

Conveying of Alert
water
from
the pipeline in

the next 3

Water
Dept.:
Identific
ation of
sand to
be
rehabilit
ated
Partner
s:
Provide
funding

Nesesiai
Satiman

Distan
1
mont ce to
h
water

Water
Dept./
Partners:

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

Repair

of Alert

TARGET
POPULA
TION

point:
1-2km

Oldonyiro
centre
to
nearby village

Appointment
Alert
of
water
committees
for the new
sand
dams
and training
of all Water
Users
Associations
focusing
on
sustainability
of each water
source
Stockpiling
Alert
fast
moving
spare
parts
by
water
committees

TRIG
GER

To
enhance
manage
ment of
borehole
s

1
day
per
sand
dam

No. of
men
requir
ed to
water
livesto
ck
in
sand
dams:
1

New
borehole
s
committe
es,
Existing
committe
e.

1
mont
h

All
borehole
s
and
hand
pumps

All water

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Identify
sites
for
extension
Communit
y:
Provision of
labour for
trench
making
Community
:
Election of
Water
committees
Water
Dept.:
Training

Water
committe
e:
Providing
funds and
purchases
Water

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

broken down
boreholes,
hand pumps
and
other
water sources
and systems

Construction
Alert
of
water
catchment
structures in
strategic
sites:
Sand dams
in
appropriat
e valleys
Water pans

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
TRIG
E
GER
FRA
ME
days
/bore
-hole

1
mont
h

TARGET
POPULA
TION
sources
and
ystems,
e.g.
Namelok,
Satiman
and
theEwaso
- Nyiro Oldonyiro
water
system
and
Oldonyiro
and
Kipsing
water
systems
Nooloroi,
Lagaama
n,

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Dept.:
Carry
out
major
Repairs
Communit
y:
Carry
out minor
repairs

Communit
y:
Identificatio
n
of
constructio
n
sites;
Provision of
unskilled
labour, and
sand
Public

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

Roof
catchment
in
all
existing
institutions

Enactment of Alert
by-laws
to
govern proper
and
sustainable
utilization of
water
resource.

1
mont
h

Represen
tatives of
all Water
committe
es in the
Ward

EALT 2

Promote
household
water
harvesting
and storage

Community
Alert
training and
sensitization
on household
water
harvesting

To
2
improve week
access
s
to water
at
househol
d level

Distan
ce to
water
point:
1-2km

All
househol
ds

EALT 3

Promote
water

Community
training and

To
minimize

Distan
ce to

All
househol

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Works
&
Water
Dept.:
Designing,
supervision
of
constructio
n
Community
Generation
of by-laws
Water and
Livestock
Dept.:
Provide
guidance
and
supervision
Water
Dept.:
Training for
community
Communit
y:
Adoption of
technologie
s
Public
Health

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION
treatment at
community
and
household
level.

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

sensitization
on household
water
treatment

waterborne
diseases

water
point:
1-2km

ds, Water
committe
es

Establishment
of a system
on access to
water
treatment
chemical
at
household
level
across
the Ward

To
improve
easy
access
to water
treatme
nt
chemical
at
househol
d level

Source
s:
shallo
w
wells,
water
pans,
hand
pumps
,
boreho
les,
Waso
River

Entire
Ward

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Dept.:
Community
training
Communit
y: Adoption
of
the
technologie
s
Water
committees
:
Ensure
system
establishm
ent
and
implement
ation
Water
&
Public
Health
Depts.:
Guide
developme
nt
of
systems
Ensure
availability
of
water
treatment
chemicals

CODE

ALT 4

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

Protection of
grass cover
and
water
catchment
areas

WHE
N

Communit Late
Alert
y
sensitizatio
n
on
protection
of
water
catchment
areas

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

To
1
protect
mont
grass
h
and
woodlan
d cover
and
water
sources
from
destructi
on
by
fires

TRIG
GER

Source
s:
Some
boreho
les
dried,
Ewaso
River
Distan
ce to
water
point:
30km

TARGET
POPULA
TION

All
mountain
ous
areas,
and
water
catchme
nt areas

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Communit
y
Purchase
and
utilization
of
water
treatment
chemicals
at
household
level
Communit
y:
Provide
unskilled
labor
and
security
Kenya
Forest
Service,
water
committe
es
Provision of
funds,
water, fire
extinguishe
rs,
technical

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
expertise
and
supervision

EW PHASE:ALARM
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected; at least two production
indicators are outside normal ranges
ALM 1

Water
Provision
of Alarm
provision to fuel
subsidy
community
to boreholes
and
institutions

Water
Alarm
trucking
to
vulnerable
households
and
critical

To
sustain
access
to water
at
househol
d
level
and
cushion
pastorali
sts
against
price
increase
s
of
water
To
sustain
access
to water
at

Source
s:
hand
pumps
,
boreho
les,
Ewaso
River;

Strategic
borehole
s

Partners
Provision of
funds
Water
committe
es
Manageme
nt of fuel

Vulnerabl
e
institutio
ns
and
communi

Partners
Provision of
funds
Institution
s

Distan
ce to
water
point:
10km
Source
s:
hand
pumps
,
boreho

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

facilities like
dispensaries
and schools

ALM 2

ALM 3

Enhanced
Stockpiling
Alarm
repair
of fast
moving
boreholes
spares spare
parts
by
water
committees
Repair
of Alarm
broken down
boreholes and
hand pumps
and
water
pipeline
in
Oldonyiro and
Kipsing
centres
Promote
Community
Alarm
water
training and
treatment at sensitization
community
on household
and
water
household
treatment

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

househol
d level

To
ensure
uninterr
upted
water
supply
To
ensure
uninterr
upted
water
supply

1
mont
h

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

les,
Ewaso
River
Distan
ce to
water
point:
20km
Source
s:
hand
pumps
,
boreho
les,

ties

Managem
ent
committe
es
Manageme
nt of water

All
borehole
s
and
hand
pumps

Water
committe
e:
Providing
funds and
purchases
Water
Dept.:
Carry
out
major
Repairs

1
mont Ewaso
h
River;

To
1
minimize mont
waterh
borne
diseases

All
borehole
s
and
Distan hand
ce to pumps
water
point:
20km

Source
s:
Sand
dams,
hand
pumps
,

All
househol
ds, Water
committe
es

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Water
committe
es: Ensure
system
establishm
ent
and

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION
level.

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER
boreho
les,
Ewaso
River;
Distan
ce to
water
point:
20km

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
implement
ation
Water
&
Public
Health
Depts.:
Guide
developme
nt
of
systems
Ensure
availability
of
water
treatment
chemicals
Communit
y
Purchase
and
utilization
of
water
treatment
chemicals
at
household
level

EW Phase: Emergency
EW Phase Triggers: coping strategy index, malnutrition (MUAC) and livestock mortality rates move above

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Source
s:
Some
sand
dams
dried,
Ewaso
River

Strategic
borehole
s

Partners
(Water
Depart.,
and NGOs
Provision of
funds
Water
committe
es
Manageme
nt of fuel

Vulnerabl
e
househol
ds
and
institutio
ns

Partners
Provision of
funds
Institution
s
Managem
ent
committe
es
Manageme
nt of water

emergency thresholds
EMG1

Emergency
water
provision to
community
and
institutions

Provision
of Emer
fuel subsidies gency
to vulnerable
boreholes

To
1
sustain
mont
access
h
to water
at
househol
d
and
institutio
ns

Distan
ce to
water
point:
40km

Water
Emer
trucking
to gency
vulnerable
households
and
institutions

To
1
sustain
mont
access
h
to water
at
househol
d
and
institutio
ns

Distan
ce to
water
point:
40km

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

EMG 2

Emergency
Stockpiling
Emer
repair
of spare
parts gency
boreholes
by
water
committees

To
ensure
uninterr
upted
water
supply

Repair
of Emer
broken down gency
boreholes and
hand pumps

To
ensure
uninterr
upted
water
supply

Sensitization
Emer
on household gency
water
treatment

To
2
minimize week
waters
borne
diseases

EMG 3

Promote
water
treatment at
community
and
household
level.

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
1
mont
h

10
days

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

Source
s:
Some
boreho
les
dried,
Ewaso
River;

All
borehole
s
and
hand
pumps

Water
committe
e:
Providing
funds and
purchases

Broken
down
strategic
borehole
s
and
hand
pumps

Water
Dept.:
Carry
out
major
Repairs
Communit
y: provide
information

All
househol
ds, Water
committe
es

Water
committe
es: Ensure
water
is
treated
Water
&
Public
Health
Depts.:
Ensure
availability
of
water
treatment

Distan
ce to
water
point:
40km
Source
s:
Some
sand
dams
and
boreho
les
dried,
Ewaso
River
Distan

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

ce to
water
point:
40km

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
chemicals
Communit
y
Utilization
of
water
treatment
chemicals
at
household
level

EW PHASE: RECOVERY
EW Phase Triggers: VCI-3month: above 50; Recovery starts after the end of drought as signaled by the
environmental indicators returning to seasonal norms;
REC 1

Rehabilitatio
n/
construction
roof
catchment
system for
institutions

Identification
Recov
of institutions ery
requiring roof
catchment
system
construction
and/or
rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
and
construction
of
roof
catchment

To
facilitate
rain
water
harvesti
ng

Timel
y
rainfal
l
onset
with
norma
l
quanti
ty
Timel
y
rainfal
l
onset

All
institutio
ns

Communit
y
and
Partners :
identify the
institutions

All
institutio
ns

Partners:
provision of
funds
Communit
y: provision

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

systems
for
institutions

REC 2

Protection

and
conservatio
n of forests
and
water
catchment
areas

Communit recov
y training/ ery
sensitizatio
n
on
conservati
on of water
catchment
and
woodlands
areas.
Fencing
Constructi
on works
Afforestati
on
Extinguishi
ng
of
forest fires
especially
in
water
catchment
areas
Procurement
Recov

REC 3

Promote

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

with
norma
l
quanti
ty
To
1
Timel
ensure
mont y
optimum h
rainfal
undergro
l
und
onset
recharge
with
norma
l
quanti
ty

Entire
surroundi
ng
communi
ty

Communit
y:
Provide
unskilled
labor
and
security
Kenya
Forest
Services
and water
Dept:
Provision of
funds,
technical
expertise,
supervision
and
training

To

Entire

Communit

Timel

of unskilled
labor

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION
house hold
and
community
water
treatment

WHE
N

and
er
distribution of
water
treatment
chemicals

4.2 Livestock Sector Intervention Plans

OBJECTI
VES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
minimize mont
water
hs
borne
diseases

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

y
Ward
rainfal populatio
l
n
onset
with
norma
l
quanti
ty

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
y:
utilization
of
water
treatment
chemicals
Water
committe
e:
Ensure
effective
and
efficient
distribution
of
water
treatment
chemicals
Public
health
Dept.:
ensure
supply
of
the
chemicals

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Early Alert

EW Phase Triggers: SPI-3month: <-1; VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected in the next 3
months;

ALT 1

Support
voluntary
destocking

Community
Alert
sensitization
on voluntary
destocking in
every
sub
location
targeting
especially
the
morans
aimed
at
diversifying
livelihoods

To reduce 6
herd size
days
To
diversify
livelihoods

Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty;
Good
body
conditi
on

20%
of
the
livestock
populatio
n

ALT 2

Support
livelihood
diversificati
on

Communit Early
y ( both Alert
adults and
youths)
sensitizatio

To
3
minimize
wee
overrelian ks
ce
on
livestock

Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality

Youths
and
Adults in
entire
Ward

Community
:
to
sensitize
other
commun
ity
member
s
adoption
of
continuo
us
destocki
ng
Livestock
departme
nt:
Sensitiz
ation
Dept.
of
Livestock
Productio
n: Training

CODE

ALT 3

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

Improved
Livestock
Marketing

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

n
on
livelihood
diversificat
ion
and
practical
options
Communit
y
sensitizatio
n
on
improved
access to
investment
capital for
business
Provision
of Alert
security
escort to and
from
the
major
markets,
especially
during
security
tension

hence
minimizing
associated
risks

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

and
quanti
ty
Deteri
oratio
n at
late
alert
Good
body
conditi
on

To protect
traders
from high
way
banditry

Thro
ugho
ut
alert

Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
Deteri
oratio
n at
late

All
livestock
traders

Police and
conservan
cy scouts:
To provide
security
escort
to
traders
LMAs:
Coordinate
security
escort
services

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

alert

Improve
Early
infrastruct Alert
ure
and
operations
of
2
existing
livestock
markets:
Oldonyiro
and
Kipsing

To
1
enhance
mont
destocking h
at
sub
location
level and
support
major
markets

Training
all Alert
Livestock
Marketing
Associations
(LMAs)
on
management
networking
and

To
3
enhance
days
livestock
marketing
at
ward
level

Good
body
conditi
on
Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
Deteri
oratio
n at
late
alert
Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty

1 minor
markets

Communit
y:
Strategi
c
site
identific
ation
and
bush
clearing
Partners:
Provisio
n
of
funds

All LMAs

Livestock
departme
nt:
Coordinate
trainings
LMAs:
Participate
in trainings

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Deteri
oratio
n at
late
alert

marketing
skills

Linking
Alert
pastoralists
with
better
markets

Provision

TRIG
GER

of Alert

To improve 1
access to week
better
livestock
markets

To

access 2

Good
body
conditi
on
Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
Deteri
oratio
n at
late
alert
Good
body
conditi
on
Good

All
pastoralis
ts

LMAs:
Sourcing
of
markets
and
linking
with
pastorali
sts
Developi
ng
systems
governin
g access
to
the
markets

20%

LMAs:

of 20,00

CODE

ALT 4

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

Support
timely
livestock
health
services

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
week
s

marketing
subsidy

better
markets

Conduct
Alert
community
sensitization
and livestock
population
census
by
species in all
sub-locations

To capture 4
accurate
days
livestock
population
s
by
species

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

body
conditi
on

livestock
populatio
n

0,000
.00

No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert

4
sub
locations

coordinatio
n
Partners:
provide
subsidy
fund
Veterinary
departme
nt:
Community
sensitizatio
n
Communit
y
Elders
and
Assistant
Chiefs:
Further
community
mobilizatio
n
and
capturing
of livestock
population
Communit
y:
to give
accurate
livestock

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
data

Conduct
routine
livestock
disease
surveillance

Alert

Timely
Alert
development
of
livestock
treatment/
vaccination
and publicity
program
in
consultation
with
village

To timely Routi
identify
ne
any
disease
out breaks

Rainfal
l
cease
d; No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert

4
sub
locations

To develop 1
program
day
that
is
acceptable
by
all
stakeholde
rs

Rainfal
l
cease
d; No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert

Elders,
Assistant
Chiefs

Veterinary
departme
nt:
time
respons
e
to
raised
alerts
communit
y:
to
provide
disease
outbrea
k
informat
ion
Veterinary
Dept.:
Coordinatio
n role
Elders and
Assistant
Chief:
Develop
the

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

elders
and
Assistant
Chiefs

Construction
Late
of temporary Alert
strategic
livestock
crushes
as
per
agreed
vaccination
program

To restrain 1
livestock
week
during
vaccinatio
n exercise

Procurement
Alert
of drugs and
vaccines and
vaccination/tr
eatment
of
livestock
against FMD,
PPR,CCPP,

To
vaccinate
livestock
against
diseases

Start
of
deteri
oratio
n
of
pastur
e
quanti
ty and
qualit
y

No
1
mont migrat
h
ion of
livesto
ck or
limited
migrat

As
per
the
vaccinati
on
program

100%

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
program
me with
venues
and
livestock
populati
ons.
Publicity
Communit
y: provision
of
materials
and
constructio
n
of
crushes
Elders: to
coordinate
crushes
constructio
n
Veterinary
Dept.:
procureme
nt
of
vaccines
and
vaccination
Partners:

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

Support
improved
managemen
t
and
access
to
pasture by
pastoralists

Conduct
Early
linkage
Alert
meetings
between
pastoralists
and
pasture
producers and
conservancies

Development

TARGET
POPULA
TION

ions
report
ed

Anaplasmosis.

ALT 5

TRIG
GER

Early

To improve 1
access to week
livestock
feeds
during
alarm and
emergenc
y periods

Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty

To

No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert
Adequ DRR

ensure 1

Represen
tatives of
grazing
committe
es,
pasture
producer
s
and
conserva
ncies

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Provision of
funds,
procureme
nt
of
vaccines
and drugs
Communit
y:
to
present all
livestock
for
vaccination
exercise
Livestock
departme
nt:
coordinat
e
the
exercise

DRR

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

and
Alert
documentatio
n of grazing
plans by the
community

Dissemination Late
of meetings Alert
deliberations
between
pastoralists
and
pasture
producers and
conservancies
to
communities
and
grazing
plans to both
in-migrant
pastoralists
and locals.

OBJECTIV
ES
coordinate
utilization
of
standing
hay
by
both local
and
inmigrant
pastoralist
s

TIM
TRIG
E
GER
FRA
ME
week ate

To inform 1
communiti mont
es on the h
deliberatio
ns

pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert
Adequ
ate
pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
No
migrat
ion of
limited
at late
alert

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

committe
es
members
from all
sub
locations

committe
e
members:
Developme
nt
of
grazing
plans and
related bylaws

General
populatio
n in all 6
sub
locations

Grazing
committe
e:
Disseminati
on
of
deliberatio
ns
Livestock
dept.:
coordinate
the
exercise

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

EW PHASE:ALARM
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected; at least two production
indicators are outside normal ranges
ALM 1

Provision of
supplement
ary feeds to
core
breeding
stock/lactati
ng
and
calves
left
at home

Community
Early
sensitization,
to late
beneficiaries
Alarm
identification
and validation

To sustain 4
livestock
days
lives
throughou
t drought
period

Pastur
e
quality
and
quanti
ty
reduce
d
substa
ntially;
Fair to
poor
(emaci
ated)
body
conditi
on

30%
of
livestock
populatio
n

Livestock
Departme
nt
&
Communit
y Elders:
Sensitiz
ation
and
Coordin
ation
Communit
y:
Production
of genuine
beneficiary
list
and
validation

Procurement
of
supplementar
y feeds

To sustain 1
livestock
mont
lives
h
throughou
t drought
period

Emaci
ated
livest
ock
body
condit
ion

30%
of
livestock
populatio
n

Partners:
Provision of
funds

Alarm

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

Slaughter
Destocking

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
To sustain 2
livestock
week
lives
s
throughou
t drought
period

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

Emaci
ated
livest
ock
body
condit
ion

Identified
beneficia
ries

Distribution of
Supplementar
y feeds to
beneficiaries

Early
to
Late
Alarm

Publicity

Late
Alarm

To
save 6
human
days
lives;

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
minim
al
deaths

Entire
ward
populatio
n

Identification
Late
of
Alarm
beneficiaries
and livestock
for slaughter

To
save 6
human
days
lives;

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
minim

40%
of
human
populatio
n
30%
of
livestock
(targetin

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Livestock
Dept.:
Supervision
and
coordinatio
n
Communit
y:
Distribution
to
beneficiarie
s
Livestock
Dept/Asst
Chiefs/Ad
ministrato
rs:
Coordinatio
n
Publicize
the
exercise
Livestock
Dept/Assi
stant
Chiefs/
Administr
ators:
Coordinatio

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

Promote
livestock
health

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

al
deaths

g
weak
ones)

n
and
supervision

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
minim
al
deaths

Every
Sub
location,
dependin
g
on
distributi
on
of
beneficia
ries

Public
Health:
Inspection
and
approval
Communit
y/
Livestock
Dept.:
Identificatio
n of sites
Partners:
Provision of
funds

Identification
Late
of
slaughter Alarm
sites

To
save 2
human
days
lives;

Facilitate
Late
procurement
Alarm
and slaughter
of livestock

Livest
To
save 3
human
week ock
lives;
emaci

Procureme
nt
of
livestock
vaccines
Communit

Early
to
Late
Alarm

ated
with
minim
al
deaths

To protect 1
livestock
week
from
contagious
diseases

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with

Weak
livestock(
30%
of
livestock)

70%
of
livestock

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Veterinary
Dept:
Technical
expertise
Communit

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

y
sensitizatio
n
and
identificati
on
of
vaccinatio
n sites
Construct
temporary
crushes
Vaccinatio
n
of
livestock

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

minim
al
deaths

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
y: generate
vaccination
program,
livestock
statistics,
construct
temporary
crushes
and
avail
livestock to
agrees
vaccination
centres

EW Phase: Emergency
EW Phase Triggers: coping strategy index, malnutrition (MUAC) and livestock mortality rates move above
emergency thresholds
EMG 1

Up-scaling
Slaughter
Destocking

Up-scaling
Late
identification
Alarm
of
beneficiaries
and livestock
for slaughter

Livest
To
save 1
human
week ock
lives;
emaci
ated
with
widesp
read
deaths

80%
of
human
populatio
n

Upscaling
Slaugh
ter
Destoc
king

Up-scaling
identificatio
n
of
beneficiarie
s
and
livestock
for
slaughter

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

TIM
E
FRA
ME
To
save 1
human
mont
lives;
h

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
widesp
read
deaths

Weak
livestock(
60%
of
livestock)

Partners:
Provision of
funds

Community
Emer
sensitization,
gency
beneficiaries
identification
and validation

To sustain 5
livestock
days
lives
throughou
t drought
period

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
widesp
read
deaths

30%
of
livestock
populatio
n

Procurement
of
supplementar

To sustain
1 Livest
livestock
mon ock
lives
th
emaci

Livestock
Departme
nt
&
Communit
y Elders:
Sensitiz
ation
and
Coordin
ation
Communit
y:
Production
of genuine
beneficiary
list
and
validation
Partners:
Provision of
funds

Facilitate
procurement
and slaughter
of livestock

EMG 2

Upscale
provision of
supplement
ary feeds to
core
breeding
stock/lactati
ng
and
calves
left
at home

Emer
gency

OBJECTIV
ES

30%
of
livestock
populatio

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

y feeds

throughou
t drought
period

ated
with
widesp
read
deaths

Distribution of Emer
Supplementar gency
y feeds to
beneficiaries

To sustain 2
livestock
wee
lives
ks
throughou
t drought
period

Livest
ock
emaci
ated
with
widesp
read
deaths

30%
of
livestock
populatio
n

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

Livestock
Dept.:
Supervision
and
coordinatio
n
Communit
y:
Distribution
to
beneficiarie
s

EW PHASE: RECOVERY
EW Phase Triggers: VCI-3month: above 50; Recovery starts after the end of drought as signaled by the
environmental indicators returning to seasonal norms;
REC 1

Livestock

Restocking
to
community

members
who
lost
livestock

Beneficiary Recov
identificati ery
on
Procureme
nt
of
stock(at
least
10

To
1
reinstate
mon
livelihoods th
of drought
affected
household
s

Onset
of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur

40%
of
Househol
ds

Livestock
Dept./Asst
.
Chiefs/Ad
ministrato
rs/NGOs/C
BOs:

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION
from
drought

REC 2

Rehabilitatio
n
of
strategic
grazing
areas
and
rangeland
improvemen
t

WHE
N

goats per
household)
Distributio
n
of
livestock
to
identified
beneficiari
es
Training of
beneficiari
es
on
proper
livestock
manageme
nt
Community
Recov
mobilization
ery
and
identification
of
strategic
grazing areas
for
rehabilitation

Procurement

Early

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

e
rejuve
nation

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
Coordinatio
n
and
supervision
, training,
provision of
funds
Communit
y
Distribution
and record
keeping

To restore
1
depleted
day
forage in
strategic
grazing
areas

Onset
of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur
e
rejuve
nation

All
strategic
grazing
areas

Communit
y
Identify
grazing
areas
for
rehabilitati
on

To

Onset

All

Partners

CODE

REC 3

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
mont
h

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur
e
rejuve
nation

strategic
grazing
areas

Provision of
funds

Livestock
Dept.:
Community
training,
Supervision
and
coordinatio
n
Communit
y:
Pasture
reseeding
Livestock
Dept. and
Partners:
Provision of
funds,
Training,
technical

of
pasture Recov
seeds
ery

facilitate
pasture
reseeding

Community
Early
training
on recov
pasture
ery
reseeding and
reseeding
exercise

To
1
enhance
mont
communit h
y capacity
and
improve
pasture
cover

Onset
of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur
e
rejuve
nation

Entire
communi
ty
and
strategic
grazing
areas

To improve
livestock
productivit
y
by
species

Onset
of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur

All
househol
ds

Breed
Promote
Early
improvemen upgrading of recov
t
local
cattle, ery
goats, camel
and sheep for
improved
meat

Entir
e
Reco
very
and
Nor
mal

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY

CODE

PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
INTERVENT
ION

WHE
N

productivity

REC 3

Promote
livelihood
diversificati
on

Promote
Early
adoption
of Recov
commercial
ery
dairy
cattle
crosses,
poultry
farming etc

4.3 Education Sector Intervention Plans

OBJECTIV
ES

TIM
E
FRA
ME
stag
e

To reduce 1
overmont
reliance on h
livestock
livelihood
and
related
impacts

TRIG
GER

TARGET
POPULA
TION

e
rejuve
nation

Onset
of
rainfall
with
widesp
read
pastur
e
rejuve
nation

Entire
Ward

AMOU
NT
(ksh)

ROLES &
RESPONSI
BILITY
advice on
sourcing
breeds
Community
:
Manageme
nt
of
livestock
Livestock
Dept. and
Partners:
Provision of
funds,
Training
and
,
technical
advice
Communit
y:
Manageme
nt
of
livestock

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

Early Alert

EW Phase Triggers: SPI-3month: <-1; VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected in the next
months;

ALT

Support

retention of
pupils and
students in
schools

Identification of Early
a
strategic Alert
boarding school
in
each
sublocation
Construction
and equipping of
a
strategic
primary school
boarding facility
in
each
sub
location

Registration
of
all
boarding
schools
by
Ministry
of
Education

Establishment of
a central fee
bursary
management
committee
for
the
Ward

To
1
support
mont
pupil and h
students
retention
in
schools
during
migration
of
livestock
and
househol
ds

Attendanc
e: 100%;

6 primary
schools( 1
in
each
Drop out: sub0%;
location)
and
1
Distance
Secondary
to schools:
School
1-10km;
Enrolment:
60%

Ministry
o
Education:
Register
boarding
schools

Constitute
Central
bursary
allocation
committee

County
Government
/
CDF/VSF/Ke
nya
Re
Cross
Society/Chu
ches
an
well
wishers:
Provision
funds

o
o

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

through
which
all
bursary
providers
and
beneficiaries link
for equity.

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY
assets
Community

Identification
of
strategi
potential
boarding
schools
an
enrolling
children
i
schools

EW PHASE:ALARM
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected; at least two productio
indicators are outside normal ranges
ALM
1

Support

retention of
pupils and
students in
schools

Assessment
of Alarm
enrolment
in
schools to guide
to
inform
appropriate
response
Community
sensitization on
appropriate
response plans
in place through
local
FM,
religious

To
Alarm
support
pupil and
students
retention
in
schools
during
migration
of
livestock
and
househol

Attendanc
primary
e: 90-60%; schools ( 1
in
each
Drop out: sub10-40%;
location)
and
2
Distance
Secondary
to schools:
School
11-20km;
Enrolment:
50-40%

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

institutions and
barazas.
Procurement
and delivery of
adequate
food
items to schools
based
on
enrolment
assessment
Provision
of
temporary
classroom
shelters
in
schools
receiving
migrating
students/pupils
Transportation of
desks to the
identified
strategic schools
Provision
of
adequate
food
to
schools,
including ECDs
to cater for both
students
and
non-students
Provision
of

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES
ds

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

school
fees
bursary to both
secondary
school
and
college/universit
y students
Provision
of
mobile teaching
services to both
school
going
pupils and adult
learners
Support school
feeding program
during
school
vacations

EW Phase: Emergency
EW Phase Triggers: coping strategy index, malnutrition (MUAC) and livestock mortality rates move above emergenc
thresholds
Support

ongoing and
up
scaling
of retention
of students
and pupils
in
schools
initiatives

Assessment
to
monitor general
welfare
of
schools,
students
and
pupils
Upscale
provision of food

Attendanc
e: 30%;

6 primary
schools( 1
in
each
Drop out: sub70%;
location)
and
1
Distance
to schools: Secondary
above

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

to schools
Upscale
availability
of
adequate
boarding
facilities
in
strategic schools
Upscale
provision
of
temporary
classroom
shelters
in
schools
receiving
migrating
students/pupils
Transportation of
desks to the
identified
strategic schools
Upscale bursary
provision
to
students
rendered
vulnerable
by
drought.

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

20km;

School

Enrolment:
0-5%

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

EW PHASE: RECOVERY
EW Phase Triggers: VCI-3month: above 50; Recovery starts after the end of drought as signaled by the environmenta
indicators returning to seasonal norms;
REC
1

Assessment
to Early
monitor general Recove
welfare
of ry
schools, students
and pupils
Downscale
provision of food
to schools
Downscale
availability
of
boarding
facilities
in
strategic schools
Downscale
bursary provision
to
students
rendered
vulnerable
by
drought.
Provision
of
school uniform to
drought
vulnerable new
students
Transportation of

To ensure 2
learning
mont
is
hs
brought
back
to
normal

Attendanc
e: 30%;

6 primary
schools( 1
in
each
Drop out: subdecreasing location)
f from 70- and
1
0%;
Secondary
School
Distance
to schools:
Reducing
from over
21km
towards 110km;
Enrolment:
improvem
ent
from
0-5%
towards
60%
(normal)

Ministry
o
education:

Conduct
assessment
and advise o
necessary
measures

Stakeholder
s:
Provision
funds

CO
DE

PROPOSED
INTERVEN
TION

ACTIVITIES

WHEN

OBJECTI
VES

TIME
FRA
ME

TRIGGER

TARGET
AMOU
POPULATI NT
ON
(ksh)

ROLES
&
RESPONSIBI
LITY

desks to their
original schools
Construction
of
adequate
teachers
quarters in every
school
Fencing of school
compounds

4.4 Health and Nutrition Intervention Plans


Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

EW PHASE: ALERT
EW Phase Triggers: SPI-3month: <-1; VCI <25; Weather forecast:
next 3 months;
ALT Undertake Monthly
Early
To monitor Monthl Consum
es 2
1
regular
reporting
Alert
abnormal
y
scaling
of
disease
meals
disease
Diseases
patterns to
compose
surveillanc and
inform
d of
e
condition:
appropriat
cereal

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

no significant rainfall expected in the


Entire
popula
tion

MoH/NGOs
Disease
surveillance in
the hotspots
- Provide funds
for
the

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Diarrhoea,
eye
problems,
URTIs, etc

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

and
protein
(meat
and
blood)
and tea
a day

e response

Define
roles
and
responsibility
intervention
to be carried
during
early
alert only
Community:
report disease
incidences

Milk
plenty in
diet of
all age
groups

ALT
2

Upscale
Late
Upscale
outreache
immuniz Alert
s to all
ation of
subchildren
locations
below
to at least
five
once
a
years
month
Screening
.
Stockpilin
g
of
nutrition
al food
supplem
entation

Boost
immunizat
ion
indicators
To
improve
nutrition
status.
To reduce
morbidity
and
mortality
by 50% of
the
affected

Throug
hout
the
Alert
phase

10%
GAM
rates;
Consum
es 2
meals
compose
d of
cereal
and
protein
(meat
and
blood)

35.57
%

1,250,000

Community
role
Establish
support
groups
e.g.
mothertomother
support
groups
Strengthe
n
the
existing
support

Cod
e

ALT
3

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

to
malnour
ished
children
IMAM
services
Treatment
and
manage
ment of
cases.
Managem
ent
of
the
elderly
and
those
with
chronic
illness
Health
Late
Conduct
promotion
Alert
Particip
on water
atory
and
Hygiene
sanitation
And
in health
Sanitati
hotspots
on
(Rumate,
Transfor

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

population
.

Targe
t
popul
ation

and tea
a day

GAM
rate:
10%;
Consum
es 2
meals
compose

Define
roles
and
responsibility
groups.
Report
disease
incidence
s
MOH/ACF
Funding
Disease
surveillance
Technical
expertise

Milk
plenty in
diet of
all age
groups

6 days
To
improve
water and
sanitation
status

Cost
(Ksh)

Entire
popula
tion

MOH/IMC/AM
URT
Funding
Technical
expertise

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Nooloroi,
mation
Nantudu,
(PHAST)
Mokori,
Supply of
Lengurum
aquaa
and
tabs,
Ngarendar
chlorine
e)
crystals
to
the
hotspot
s
Support
public/s
hared
toilet in
a group
of
manyatt
a
EW PHASE: EARLY ALARM
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast:
indicators are outside normal ranges
ALM Nutritional Identificat Early
To
1
foods
ion
of and
improve
suppleme
late
benefici
health
ntation
Alarm
aries
status
of
(both
malnutritio
children
n people
and

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

d of
cereal
and
protein
(meat
and
blood)
and tea
a day
Milk
plenty in
diet of
all age
groups

no significant rainfall expected; at least two production


Throug
hout
Alarm
stage

Consum
es
1
meal a
day
compose
d of very
viscous
porridge

20% at
early
alarm;
40% at
late
alarm

MOH/IMC:
Identification of
beneficiaries;
funding

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

adults)
Distributi
on
of
nutrition
al
supplem
entation

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame
(compos
ed
of
maize
meal,
water,
fat and
salt) Milk
may
only be
added to
children
s
diet
subject
its
availabili
ty.
Alternati
vely the
meal
may be

compos
ed
of
boiled
plain
maize
grains,
fat and
salt;
Skippin
g
of
meals

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

GAM:15.
1%
17.5%

ALM
2

Provision
Identificat Early
of mobile
ion
of and
clinics/am
vulnera late
bulance
Alarm
ble
services
areas
requirin
g
mobile
health
services
Conduct
compre
hensive
regular
mobile
health
services
too far
to reach
areas
focusing
on dewormin
g,
immuniz

Throug
To
hout
improve
access to Alarm
stage
health
services in
far
to
reach
areas
during
alarm
drought
stage

Consum
es
1
meal a
day
compose
d of very
viscous
porridge
(compos
ed
of
maize
meal,
water,
fat and
salt) Milk
may
only be
added to
children
s
diet
subject
its
availabili
ty.
Alternati
vely the
meal

All far
to
reach
areas

MOH/IMC:
Identification of
sites; provision
of
funds;
provision
technical
expertise

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame
may

ations,
and
vitamin
A
supplem
entation
.
Upscale
Communi
water and
ty
sanitation
sensitiz
promotion
ation on
proper
human
waste
disposal
(Commu
nity Led
Total
Sanitati
onCLTSactivitie
s)
Treatment
and
capacity
building

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

be

compos
ed
of
boiled
plain
maize
grains,
fat and
salt.
Early
and
late
Alarm

To reduce 12
water
days
related
diseases

Consum Entire
es
1 popula
meal a tion
day
compose
d of very
viscous
porridge
(compos
ed
of
maize
meal,
water,
fat and
salt) Milk
may
only be
added to
children
s
diet
subject
its

MOH/ACF:
Identification of
sites; provision
of
funds;
provision
technical
expertise

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

on
water
treatme
nt
technol
ogies
Procure
and
distribut
e water
treatme
nt
chemica
ls
Purchase
of one
delaque
lab for
water
testing
Equipping
of
a
Cholera
Kit
for
chemop
rophyla
xis
Provision

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame
availabili
ty.
Alternati
vely the
meal
may be

compos
ed
of
boiled
plain
maize
grains,
fat and
salt.

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

of
sanitary
towels
to
vulnera
ble girls
EMERGENCY
EW Phase Triggers: Coping strategy index, malnutrition (MUAC) and
emergency thresholds
EM
Up-scaling Identificati Beginn Ensure
Throug >60%
G 1 nutritional on of most ing of improved
hout
skip
suppleme
vulnerable the
nutrition
emerg meals;
ntation for beneficiary Emerg status and ency
MUAC:
underhousehold ency
to prevent period <115
fives,
s
Phase
deaths
Pregnant
related to
&
Distributio
malnutritio
Lactating
n
of
n.
mothers
nutritional
and
the supplemen
elderly
ts
and
other food
items.

EM

Upscale

Identificati
on
of
feeding
centres
Provisio

Throug

To reduce

Durati

>60%

livestock mortality rates move above


80% of 4,355,500
underfives,
Pregna
nt
&
Lactati
ng
mothe
rs and
the
elderly

Community
role:
- Provide
information
to
aid
identificatio
n
of
beneficiary
households
with view to
reaching all
the
most
vulnerable
MOH/ACF:
- Provision
expertise
- Funds

80% of

Community

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

G2

provision
of
nonfood items
for
sanitation
and water
borne

diseases
control

n
of
water
treatme
nt
chemica
ls.
Provisio
n
of
sanitary
towels
to girls

EM
G4

Support
medical
outreac
hes
Referral
s
of
cases
requirin
g
specializ
ed care
Provisio
n
of
ambula
nce

Upscal
e
mobile
clinic
service
s
targeti
ng
interior
areas
that
have
no
access
to

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

hout
the
Emerg
ency
phase

incidences
communic
able and
water
borne
diseases.

on of
the
Emerg
ency
Phase

skip
meals;
MUAC:
<115

Throug
hout
the
Emerg
ency
phase

To
minimize/r
educe
mortality
cases

Emerg
ency
into
early
Recov
ery

One
reporte
d case
of
diarrho
ea

Targe Cost
t
(Ksh)
popul
ation
teenag
e girls
80% of
house
holds

All
inacce
ssible
areas

Define
roles
and
responsibility
role:
Identificatio
n
of
beneficiaries
Identify the
supply sites
for NFIs
MOH/partners
:
Funding
Publicity.
Distribution
of supplies
MOH/ACF:
Provide
ambulance
services
Technical
expertise
Funding

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

medica
services
l
service
s
EW PHASE: RECOVERY
VCI-3month: above 50; Recovery starts
returning to seasonal norms;
REC Upscale
Nutritiona Early
1
health
l /food recove
outreache
supplem ry
s
entation phase
IMAM
services

Health
promoti
on:
Water
treatme
nt
technol
ogies,
health
and
nutrition
training
s,
hygiene
and

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

after the end of drought as signaled by the environmental indicators


Boost
immunizat
ion
indicators
To
improve
nutrition
status.
To reduce
morbidity
and
mortality
by 50% of
the
affected
population
.

Throug
hout
the
recove
ry
phase

Consum 35.57
es
2 %
meals
and tea
in a day

6,122,500

Community
role:
Strengthen
disease
control
commitment
s
Observe
improved
health
Participate
in
early
detection
and referral
of cases.
Report
disease
incidence
MOH/Partners
Provision
vaccines and

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

sanitati
on
training
s,
Treatment
and
manage
ment of
cases.
Minimize
malaria
prevalenc
e

Communi
ty
training
on
malaria
preventi
on and
control
emphasi
zing on
seeking
treatme
nt
in
health
centres
Improved
supply
and

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility
facilitation for
vaccination
Disease
surveillance
and reporting
To
provide
human
resources

Early
To reduce 1
Recove malaria
month
ry
i.e prevalence
at
onset
of
rainfall

Rainfall
onset

Entire
popula
tion

MOH/ACF
Provision of
funding
Provide
technical
expertise

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

access
to
malaria
chemop
rophyla
xis
Purchase
rapid
malaria
test kits
for use
by
CHWs
Procurem
ent and
distribut
ion
of
mosquit
o
nets
to
vulnera
ble
people
(elderly,
expecta
nt and
lactatin
g
mothers

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

Cod
e

Proposed
intervent
ion

Activities

When

Objective
s

Timefr Trigger
ame

Targe
t
popul
ation

Cost
(Ksh)

Define
roles
and
responsibility

and
children
under 5
years).

4.5

Co
de

Peace and Security Sector Intervention Plans

Propose
Activities
When Objective Time Trigger Target
d
s
fram
populati
interven
e
on
tion
EW PHASE: ALERT
EW Phase Triggers: SPI-3month: <-1; VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant
the next 3 months;
ALT Strengthe Reconstitution Early
To ensure 1 day All water Entire
1
ning
of
inclusivity
sources
communi
of
peace Alert
peace
to
in
operatio
ty
committees to
committe
members
nal;
comprise
of Late
es
Alert
hip
to
Adequat
men, women
ensure
e
and
youth
informatio
pasture
(morans) who
n
is
of good
are of high
effectively
quality
standing and

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity

rainfall expected in
Communit
y:
Participatin
g
in
reconstituti
on meeting
Administr
ators:
Coordinatin

Co
de

Propose
d
interven
tion

Activities

When Objective Time Trigger


s
fram
e

respected by
the
community

dissemina
ted across
all
communit
y groups
To
Training
of Early
Alert
enhance
peace
to
Late
their
committee
Alert
capacity
members from
to
sub locations
spearhead
peace and
security
efforts in
the
communit
y
Early
Conduct
To create
Alert
a common
regular
meetings
on to Late understan
ding
peace issues Alert
between
on of resource
migrating
sharing prior
communit
to
migration
y and the
with
host
representative
communit
s
of
y
communities
migrating to,

Target
populati
on

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity
g
the
meetings

2
days

All water
sources
operatio
nal;
Adequat
e
pasture
of good
quality

All peace
committe
e
members

Administr
ators:
Organize
the training

1 day All water


per
sources
site
operatio
nal;
Adequat
e
pasture
of good
quality

Peace
committe
e
members
from both
communi
ties;
Entire
communi
ty

Peace
Committe
es:
Conduct
meetings;
Disseminati
on
of
deliberatio
ns
to
community.
Communit
y:

Co
de

ALT
2

Propose
d
interven
tion

Activities

Developm
ent
of
peace
treaties
with
neighbors
and
visitors in
search of
water and
pasture

and thereafter
disseminating
deliberations
to
general
community
Conduct
meetings with
neighbours
and visitors to
sign
binding
treaties
on
maintenance
of peace
Community
sensitization
on
agreed
peace treaties
and
importance of
adherence.
Full
enforcement
of
peace
treaties

When Objective Time Trigger


s
fram
e

Target
populati
on

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity
Abide
by
deliberatio
ns reached.

Early
Alert
to
Late
Alert

To ensure 3
peaceful
mont
coexistenc hs
e
in
sharing of
pasture
and water
resources

All water
sources
operatio
nal;
Adequat
e
pasture
of good
quality

All
communi
ties who
use
Oldonyiro
Ward as
their dry
season
grazing
area:
communi
ties from
Samburu
county

Administr
ators
(County
Governme
nt
and
National
Governme
nt
Officials):
Facilitate
the
meetings
and
witness
signing of
peace
treaties.
DRR
committe
e:
Lead
negotiation
process

Co
de

Propose
Activities
d
interven
tion
Promote
Identify
peaceful
accurate
return or
number
of
surrender
stolen
of stolen
livestock
by
livestock
species
and
any
other
relevant
characteristics
Negotiations
on return of
stolen
livestock
by
community
elders
from
both affected
communities

When Objective Time Trigger


s
fram
e

Target
populati
on

Early
Alert
to
Late
Alert

All
affected
communi
ties

To ensure 2
return of week
stolen
s
herd
without
retaliatory
attacks

Any
reported
case of
livestock
rustling

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity
DRR
committe
e:
Collection
of accurate
livestock
statistics;
Negotiate
with
the
other
committee
for return
or
surrender
of
stolen
livestock
Administr
ators
(County
Governme
nt
and
National
Governme
nt
Officials):
Facilitate
negotiation
process by
the

Co
de

Propose
d
interven
tion

Activities

When Objective Time Trigger


s
fram
e

Target
populati
on

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity
community
elders
as
appropriate

EW PHASE:ALARM
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected; at least two production
indicators are outside normal ranges
EW PHASE: RECOVERY
EW Phase Triggers: VCI-3month: above 50; Recovery starts after the end of drought as signaled by the
environmental indicators returning to seasonal norms;
AL
M,
RE
C

Enhance

peaceful
coexisten
ce in dry
season
grazing
areas

The
young
Peace
committee
members
to
accompany
the migrating
livestock
Provide
security
in
insecurity
prone
dry
season
grazing areas
Upscale
sensitization

Alarm
and
recov
ery

To ensure 3
peaceful
mont
resource
hs
sharing
and
coexistenc
e in dry
season
grazing
area

Onset of
migratio
ns to far
dry
season
grazing
areas

Morans
migrating
with
livestock;
Communi
ty elders
and
general
communi
ty
members

Communit
y
elders
and DRR
committe
e: Sensitize
morans
and
general
community
against
rustling;
parents to
not
to
accept
stolen

Co
de

Propose
d
interven
tion

Activities

on
peace
treaty
adherence by
both
the
community,
neighbors and
visitors
seeking
pasture
and
water
Full
enforcement
of
peace
treaties
Negotiate
return
of
stolen
livestock
Provision
of
mobility
to
track
stolen
stock

When Objective Time Trigger


s
fram
e

Target
populati
on

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibi
lity
livestock
into
their
manyattas:
enforceme
nt of peace
treaties;
Negotiate
for return
of
stolen
livestock;
County
Govt,
Interior
Coordinatio
n: Provision
of transport
services
and
any
facilitation
and
support
required.

4.6 Social Protection: Relief Food Provision

Cod
e

Propose Activitie When


Objecti Time
Trigger
Target
d
s
ves
frame
popula
interve
tion
ntion
EW PHASE: Early Alarm Stage
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; Weather forecast: no significant rainfall expected; at
indicators are outside normal ranges
EAL Provision Assess
Through To
Through
50% of
High
M1
of food
provide out
ment to out
migratio populati
relief
food to early
on
determi early
ns
vulnera alarm
ne relief alarm

Hunger
stage
ble
stage
food
no milk
househ
require
at
olds to
ment
househol
save
d-no
Distribu
lives
normal
tion of
and
meals
relief
livelihoo
food
ds
Supervi

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibil
ity

least two production


Communit
y
Identifica
tion
of
beneficia
ries
Govt.
Donors
Provision
of funds
for
distributi
on

sion/
Monitori
ng
EW PHASE: Late Alarm Stage
EW Phase Triggers: VCI <25; no significant rainfall expected ; In addition to two production indicators,
at least two access indicators (impact on market and access to food and water) are outside the normal
ranges
LAL
Provision Distributi Beginni Supply
Through
70% of
Communit
Mass

Cod
e
M1

Propose
d
interve
ntion
of food
relief

Activitie
s
on
relief
food

When

Objecti
ves

Time
frame

of ng
of food to out late
late
the
alarm
alarm
vulnera stage
stage
ble
house
holds

Trigger

migration
populati
of
on
livestock
and young
men
No
sources of
incomelivestock
prices
very low
High
malnutritio
n cases
Hunger
no milk at
household
-no normal
meals

EW PHASE: EMERGENCY
EW Phase Triggers: coping
emergency thresholds
EMG Provision Assess
1
of food
ment to
relief
determi
ne relief
food
require

Target
popula
tion

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibil
ity
y
Identifica
tion n of
beneficia
ries
County
Govt.
Provision
of funds
for
distributi
on
WFP/GOK/
AAK

strategy index, malnutrition (MUAC) and livestock mortality rates move above
Through
out
emerge
ncy
stage

To
provide
food to
vulnera
ble
househ

Through
out
emerge
ncy
stage

Child
mortaliti
es.
Increase
d
malnutri

80% of
populati
on

Communit
y
Identificatio
n
of
beneficiarie
s

Cod
e

Propose Activitie When


d
s
interve
ntion
ment by
elders
in
collabor
ation
with
Govern
ment
Distribu
tion of
relief
food
Supervi
sion/
Monitori
ng

Objecti
ves

Time
frame

olds to
save
lives
and
livelihoo
ds

Trigger

tion
rates.

Target
popula
tion

Amo
unt
(ksh)

Roles and
responsibil
ity
County
Govt.
Provision
of funds
for
distributi
on
WFP/GOK/
AAK

5.0Management and Coordination of CP process


5.1. Standard Operating Procedures
This part of the contingency plan outlines the relationships between various structures from community
level to the county level. Communitys operations are, on a day to day, coordinated and managed by
committees specific to certain areas of operation such as peace and security, water, pasture, schools, etc.
To effectively coordinate and manage drought response activities, there is established overall /umbrella
committees as follows:
i. Sub-location DRR Committee for each Sub-location to coordinate operation of all specific committees
in the sub-location. Its membership (maximum of 11 representatives) would be drawn strategically

ii.

iii.

from the key specific committees to ensure easy flow of all DRR related information in the sub
location
Ward DRR Committee whose membership would be strategically drawn from all 6 Sub-Location DRR
Committees to a maximum of 13 members. The main role of this committee is to coordinate and
manage all DRR activities relating to the Ward. This will ensure smooth flow of DRR-related
information to the Ward level.
Ward Steering Group, which is a forum composed of all stakeholders operating in the Ward, including
Ward DRR Committee, where they deliberate on issues affecting the Ward.

The specific role of each structure in ensuring effective implementation of the contingency plan is as indicated
below.
1.

2.

3.

Specific Committees (Pipeline water committees, Dispensary, School, LMA, relief committees etc)
Monthly development drought status, trends and recommendation based on their specific areas of operation
Monthly Reporting of trends/detailed recommendations to Sub Location DRR Committee
Sub location DRR committee
Consolidation of monthly trends and recommendations from specific committees
Monthly reporting of trends and recommendation to Ward DRR committees
Ward DRR Committee
Consolidation of Monthly Ward drought status, trends and recommendation from sub-location reports
Report to Ward level Stakeholders Forum (composed of technical officers from National and County Government
Administrators, Heads of key government Departments, NGOs and CBOs operating in the Ward)
4. Ward Steering Group
Assessment to verify facts and for their technical input
Sector specific Technical Working Groups to revise presented recommendations and thereafter develop detailed
budgets
Resource mobilization at Ward and identification of gaps requiring external assistance
Forward the detailed response plans to Sub-County Steering Group indicating resources mobilized and the gaps
5. Sub-County Steering Group
Consolidation of Wards drought status reports to the Sub County Drought status report
Resource mobilization at Sub County level and identification of gaps requiring external assistance
Forward the detailed response plans to the County Steering Group indicating resources mobilized and the gaps
6. County Steering Group

Consolidate Sub County drought status to County drought status, trends and recommendations
Conduct rapid assessments to verify reported fact and inform allocation of resources to meet identified financial
gaps
Resource mobilization to meet the gaps

ANNEX
Annex
Month
Rainfall
Cattle
conception
Cattle Births
Cattle
Milk
Output
Shoat
Conception
Birth-Shoats
Shoats'
Milk
Output
Livestock
migration
Livestock
diseases
Livestock
sales(L/M/H)
Prices(H/M/L)
Others:
1.
Staple
Purchases(H/L)
2.Staple prices

1:
Jan

Seasonal Calendar
Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

L
R

High

h i g h

High

Sep

Oct

Nov
SR

Low

Dec

H i g h

High

High

FMD,PPR,CCPP,

Diarrhoea
,

Low

Medi

High

Medi

High
High
High

Low

Mediu

High

L
o
w
Low

Month
(H/L
3.Hunger period

Jan

Feb
m

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

4.Human
Diseases

Key: L Low
M Medium
H - High

Annex 3:

Water Sources

Name

Type

village/To
wn

Sub
location

Locatio
n

Divisio
n

Extraction System

Ewaonyiro

Oldonyiro
pipeline
water
Tank

Water Tanks

Matundae

Oldonyiro

Oldonyir
o

Oldonyi
ro

Gravity from a turbine

Mokori,
Lenguruma and
kawalash
Rock
Catchments

Rock
Catchment

Nolmurgus
ian

Lengurum
a

Lenguru
ma

Oldonyi
ro

Nolmotony
i

Kipsing

Kipsing

Hand manual

Energy
Source
(Combi
possible)
Turbine

Functional
Status

Hand
(manual)

Functional
(and in use)

200

Diesel

Functional
(and in use)

500

solar

Nonfunctional

300

Functional
(and in use)

Av.
HH
Serv
ed
1000

Kawalash

Oldonyiro
Borehole

Borehole

Oldonyiro

Oldonyiro

Oldonyir
o

Oldonyi
ro

Raap borehole

Borehole

Raap

Oldonyiro

Oldonyir
o

Oldonyi
ro

Submersible pump
Submersible pump

Name

Type

village/To
wn

Sub
location

Locatio
n

Divisio
n

Extraction System

Kipsing borehole

Borehole

Kipsing

Kipsing

Kipsing

Oldonyi
ro

14 water Pan

Pans

Labarisher
eki

Oldonyiro

Oldonyir
o

Oldonyi
ro

Matundae
Parkuruk
Rumate
Nantudu
Mlimatatu
Tuale
Lagaaman
Lenguruma
Mokori
Kawalash
Lengwenyi
Nooloroi

Oldonyiro
Rumate
Rumate
Tuale
Longopito
Tuale
Longopito
Lengurum
a
Lengurum
a
Kipsing
Kipsing
Kipsing

Functional
Status

Submersible pump

Energy
Source
(Combi
possible)
Diesel

Hand manual (e.g. rope


pump, rope & bucket)

Hand
(manual)

NonFunctional

Functional
and in use

Oldonyir
o

Nonfunctional

Oldonyio
ro

Functional
and in Use

Oldonyir
o

Nonfunctional

Oldonyir
o

Functional
and in use

Oldonyir
o

Functional
and in use

Oldonyir
o

Functional
and in use

Oldonyir
o

Nonfunctional

Lenguru
ma

Functional
and in use

Lenguru
ma

Non
functional

Kipsing

Functional

Kipsing

Functional

Kipsing

Non
functional
Non-

Av.
HH
Serv
ed
500
200
100
200
150
250
130
80

100
200
200
187
200

Name

Type

village/To
wn

Sub
location

Locatio
n

Divisio
n

Extraction System

Energy
Source
(Combi
possible)

Functional
Status

Av.
HH
Serv
ed

functional

Kipsing
pipeline

water

30 Sand

dams

Sand gallery
infiltration

NB. Av. HH Average House Holds

Kipsing
centre

Kipsing

Kipsing

Oldonyi
ro

All
sublocatio
ns

All
sublocatio
ns

All
locations

Oldonyi
ro

diesel

Diesel

Functional
(and in use)

500

Manual

20 functional

2000