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Introduction of departments
Administrative units in the company was introduced by the company director and was given
information about units. Company is a freight forwarding company. Forwarder is a person or
company that deal with international transportation. Basically they give four kinds of
transportation as sea, air, road and rail transportation. These transportation types are divided
in two groups as less than container, truck load and full container or truck load.
Logistics terms
Company serves in international arena. So a brief description was made about terms that are
used in international trade such as incoterms. These terms were also explained in school. By
this means, I got a chance to see usage of these terms in practice.
EXW: EX Works
FCA: Free Carrier
CPT: Carriage Paid To
CIP: Carriage and Insurance Paid To
DAT: Delivery at Terminal
DAP: Delivery at Place
DDP: Delivery Duty Paid
FAS: Free Alongside Ship
FOB: Free on Board
CFR: Cost and Freight
CIF: Cost, Insurance and Freight.

Archive Documents
Import and export files of the previous years was examined by redesigning archive. These
files were separated as export and import. By this means, documents used in export and
import was learnt. Names of some documents are bill of lading, packing list, invoice, draft bill
of lading etc.
Bill of lading
Bill of lading is a legal document between the shipper of a particular good and the carrier
detailing the type, quantity and destination of the good being carried. The bill of lading also
serves as a receipt of shipment when the good is delivered to the predetermined destination.
This document must accompany the shipped goods, no matter the form of transportation, and
must be signed by an authorized representative from the carrier, shipper and receiver.
Aim of arranging bill of lading and how to arrange bill of lading were explained. There are
two types of bill of lading used by forwarders. These are house and master bill of lading.
Master bill of lading is arranged by shipping line. Shippers and consignees are forwarding
companies on that document. House bill of lading is arranged by forwarding companies. Real
shipper and consignee are written on house bill of lading.
Export process and documents were explained in terms of freight forwarder. Some documents
used in export process are as follows; bill of lading, invoice, shipping order and draft bill of
lading was prepared.
Import process and documents were explained in terms of freight forwarder. Some documents
used in import process are as follows; bill of lading, draft bill of lading, cargo manifest.

Cargo manifest was prepared. Cargo manifest is a document that is used in import
transportation. It is An itemized list of all passengers and cargo onboard a ship or
aircraft. Cargo manifest is arranged before coming ship to port. It is declared to customs.
Carriage of dangerous goods was explained. For export, the same process is used. However,
some additional documents are used such as MSDS(Material safety data sheet) and IMO
declaration forms. MSDS gives information about goods. IMO declaration form is asked from
exporter by shipping line.
Some abbreviations used in sector were explained. Some of them are as follows,
POL: port of loading
POD: port of discharge
Comm: commodity
BL: Bill of Lading
T/T: Transit time
Demanding freight from shipping line, how to demand it and content of e mail were learnt.
You can see an example below,
We have an export/import from Turkey to The USA. Can you offer your best rate.
POL: Alsancak
POD: New Jersey Port
Comm: Medical equipment
Tonnage: 6 tons

Telex release was explained. A Telex Release is simply a message that is sent by the shipping
line or agent at load port to their office or agent at discharge port advising that the shipper or
exporter has surrendered one or all of the original bills of lading that have been issued to
them, and that the cargo can be released to the consignee shown on the bill of lading without
presentation of any original bills of lading.
Difference of telex release and express Bill of lading was learnt.
the major difference between a Telex Release and an Express Release is as follows:
With a Telex Release, a physical Original Bill of Lading was issued, printed, and then
With an Express Release, no Original Bill of Lading was ever issued or printed.

Delivery order was explained and preparation of that document was leant. A Delivery Order is
a document from a consignor, a shipper, or an owner of freight which orders the release of the
transportation of cargo to another party. That document was used for import process to pull
goods from customs.
Customers were visited and company was introduced.
Company was introduced to overseas agencies via e mail.
Invoice and its preparation was explained and an invoice was prepared by me under
accountants guidance.

Less than Container load process was explained. Process is the same with full container load.
But there are some differences. Freight is calculated on the basis of cubic meter and if goods
are unstackable, height of pallet or goods is considered 220 cm and freight is calculated with
that heihjt. Because other goods cant put on that cargo so shipping line prevents its loss.
Bill of lading was prepared via INTRA. Some lines use that interface and forwarding
companies prepare its own draft Master bill of lading and original master bill of lading. In
traditional method, you have to contact with shipping line to prepare it.
Some customers visited us and company was introduced.
Company was introduced to overseas agencies via e mail.