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Thematic workshop on solar energy Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager, Glayx Tech, IT

Thematic workshop on solar energy

Thematic workshop on solar energy Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager, Glayx Tech, IT

Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager, Glayx Tech, IT

Objectives & Summary

Objectives & Summary

Main workshop objectives:

Short overview on the development status of solar generation technologies,

summarizing strenth-points and weaknesses and their growth potential;

Focus on Solar concentration technology: proposal of a different viewpoint to activate the potential market;

Conclusions

Short company profile:

Italian company founded in 2009

EPC contractor in the construction of over 20

MW renewable power plants in Italy and over 3 MW directly-owned production sites as a small energy utility;

Glayx Tech is R&D division dedicated to new

products development.

In 2014 entered the market with the linear Fresnel solar concentrator ThermeX.

2/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

the linear Fresnel solar concentrator ThermeX. 2/16 Glayx Tech – Thematic workshop on solar energy -

Solar energy technologies

Solar energy technologies

Solar energy generation at a glance:

Photovoltaics

Solar energy generation at a glance: Photovoltaics ̴ 180 GW ̴ 3.6 GW 50:1 scale ratio
Solar energy generation at a glance: Photovoltaics ̴ 180 GW ̴ 3.6 GW 50:1 scale ratio

̴180 GW

̴3.6 GW

50:1 scale ratio

a glance: Photovoltaics ̴ 180 GW ̴ 3.6 GW 50:1 scale ratio CSP  Global solar

CSP

Photovoltaics ̴ 180 GW ̴ 3.6 GW 50:1 scale ratio CSP  Global solar power cumulative

Global solar power cumulative capacity is < 50% of global wind power capacity (approx. 390 GW) and < 20% of global hydropower capacity (approx. 1 TW);

Solar energy is available everywhere, not the same for wind and water

3/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Solar photovoltaic focus

Solar photovoltaic focus

PROS:

Photovoltaics

Solar photovoltaic focus PROS: Photovoltaics CONS:  Widely proven technology: easiness of installation and
Solar photovoltaic focus PROS: Photovoltaics CONS:  Widely proven technology: easiness of installation and

CONS:

Widely proven technology: easiness of installation

and standardization on main plant components;

Wide range applications, residential to power gen:

enabling the concept of “distributed generation” even off-grid

Lowest LEC from solar in most countries: technology arised industrial scale;

PV power energy is not easily integrable: production discontinuity cannot be softened with existing batteries whose cost per energy unit is 10 times than thermal storage…

«Concentrated»cost per energy unit is 10 times than thermal storage … technology content: low impact on

technology

content:

low

impact

on

local

industry;

NINBY

phenomenon

Tremendous growth between 2008-2012 increased PV penetration in most EU countries: benefits on specific cost of energy but infrastructure capacity arised a limit; increasing request from producers to be paid for «guaranteed capacity» instead of «produced energy»;content: low impact on local industry; NINBY phenomenon … 4/16 Glayx Tech – Thematic workshop on

4/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Solar photovoltaic focus

Solar photovoltaic focus

Renewable energy penetration is now a key-factor on Specific Hourly Energy cost:

is now a key-factor on Specific Hourly Energy cost: Public available data; elaborated by Glayx Energy

Public available data; elaborated by Glayx

Energy hourly price in most EU countries is no more linked with fossil cost (Brent index),

but is mostly related to the ratio of renewable energy available in the hour to the whole

demand. An opportunity and a challenge.

5/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Concentrated solar energy focus

Concentrated solar energy focus

PROS:

Partially

programmable

storage installation;

production

through

thermal

Strong generation potential in highest irradiance areas (differently from PV): potentially lowest LEC from solar in most of such regions;

«Systemic» technology content: low added value from single components enables local industry benefits.

CONS:

CSP

single components enables local industry benefits. CONS: CSP Pure CSP applicable on large scale power plants:

Pure CSP applicable on large scale power plants: need of high DNI, available areas and capital costs limited technology diffusion to big utilities and in few world regions;single components enables local industry benefits. CONS: CSP CSP has not reached successfully an industrial development

CSP has not reached successfully an industrial development for any of available solutiondiffusion to big utilities and in few world regions; (parabolic, Fresnel, dish, tower): most players operate

(parabolic, Fresnel, dish, tower): most players operate in a low-scale market preventing economies of scale and cost reductions;

CSP can be complementary to PV technology since is able to overcome most of PV lacks,market preventing economies of scale and cost reductions; but is still a neverending promise. 6/16 Glayx

but is still a neverending promise.

6/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

A different perspective

A different perspective

CSP growth potential passes through the following:

Concentrated solar Energy: power conversion is out of technology definition.

Higher global efficiency evaluated on final available «product», i.e. thermal energy;

Systems can be scaled up to small size (500 m 2 );

Industrial process heat open a huge market favoring technology widespread.

7/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Heat demand overview

Heat demand overview

Industrial heat demand - Europe

Industrial heat demand below 400°C is more than 55%, demand below 100°C is more 30%. CSP technology applied primarily to heat generation is a great market opportunity.

to heat generation is a great market opportunity. 8/16 Glayx Tech – Thematic workshop on solar

8/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Heat demand overview

Heat demand overview

Market potential:

Energy consumption in both advanced and emerging countries is 2/3 given by thermal energy.

Focusing on EU countries, 70% heat demand

falls in the range temperature between 100°C-

200°C.

Application fields:

temperature between 100°C- 200°C. Application fields:   Temperature Source Thermal Energy Cost [$/kWht]
 

Temperature

Source

Thermal Energy Cost [$/kWht] in Italy

Air Conditioning / refrigeration

Water, 90C COP 0,7

   

(Solar Cooling)

165C COP 1,2

Electricity, COP 3

0,02 - 0,05

Dairy, Paper, Industrial cleaning

Steam, 120-180C

Natural gas, GPL

0,04 - 0,07

Air drying

Water-air, 80-100C

Natural gas, GPL

0,04 - 0,07

Food conservation

Water, Oil, 165C COP 0,6

Electricity, COP 1

0,07 - 0,10

Textile, chemical, mining

     

industry

Water, Oil, 120-200C

Natural gas, GPL

0,04 - 0,07

9/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

A different perspective

A different perspective

CSP growth potential passes through the following:

Concentrated solar Energy: power conversion is out of technology definition.

Higher global efficiency evaluated on final available «product», i.e. thermal energy;

Systems can be scaled up to small size (500 m 2 );

Industrial process heat open a huge market favoring technology widespread.

Simplicity and Efficiency: design solution assessed on minimum LEC/LCOH instead of maximum conversion efficiency.

Hybrid power plant to be evaluated instead of expensive high-temperature storage;

Focus on medium temperature cycles and processes;

Installation Site: no product is for everywhere.

10/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

LCOH analysis and design

LCOH analysis and design

Efficiency vs Specific Cost for different LCOH

and design Efficiency vs Specific Cost for different LCOH CSP Fresnel systems having total efficiency higher

CSP Fresnel systems having total efficiency higher than 40% and specific cost below 150US$/m 2 yield their LCOH at lower values than 0.03 US$/kWh, at least in sites having yearly DNI greater than 1900 kWh/m 2 yr.

40% Efficiency, 150 €/m 2
40% Efficiency, 150 €/m 2

11/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Installation site

Installation site
Installation site Chilean scaled potential … DNI yearly area Production in Italy* Production in Chile*  

Chilean scaled potential

DNI yearly area

Production in Italy*

Production in Chile*

     

650

kWht/m2

1050

kWht/m2

 

740

kWht/m2

1240

kWht/m2

 
  850 kWht/m2 1416 kWht/m2

850

kWht/m2

1416

kWht/m2

*@ 160C temperature

Italia: up to 1900 kWh/m 2

kWht/m2 *@ 160C temperature Italia: up to 1900 kWh/m 2 Chile: up to 3400 kWh/m 2

Chile: up to 3400 kWh/m 2

The selection of installation site is «efficiency» itself:

within Central Southern Italy we found out many applications whose heat specific cost from ThermeX is comparable with fossil fule generation without subsides. DNI values in Chile are tremendously high and shows general applicability for all concentrated solar techs.

12/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

A different perspective

A different perspective

CSP growth potential passes through the following:

Concentrated solar Energy: power conversion is out of technology definition.

Higher global efficiency evaluated on final available «product», i.e. thermal energy;

Systems can be scaled up to small size (500 m 2 );

Industrial process heat open a huge market favoring technology widespread.

Simplicity and Efficiency: design solution assessed on minimum LCOE/LCOH instead of maximum conversion efficiency.

Hybrid power plant to be evaluated instead of expensive high-temperature storage;

Focus on medium temperature cycles and processes;

Installation Site: no product is for everywhere.

Technology mixing: solar energy is a part of a puzzle.

Solar cooling with single-double stage adsober chiller and combined solar-

cogenerative plant;

Tecnology growth is easier increasing potential market.

13/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Industrial solar cooling case study

Industrial solar cooling case study
Industrial solar cooling case study Installation of 1000 m 2 Fresnel solar concentrator ThermeX coupled with

Installation of 1000 m 2 Fresnel solar concentrator ThermeX coupled with adsorber chiller and new 200 kW cogeneration unit in Isernia, Molise, IT

Before

Industrial production of plastic moulding through electric heating of molds; 24 h operation, 7/7 days;

Continuous need of heat removal: over 300 kW installed electrical chiller COP=3;

DNI equal to 1500 kWh/m2

After

ThermeX rooftop installation gross area 1350m 2 , net reflective 975 m 2 with daily-sized heat storage;

200 kW cogenerator motor with heat recovery @85°C, 84% total efficiency (34% elect. 50% heat);

270 kWf adsorber chiller COP=0.7;

elect. 50% heat); • 270 kWf adsorber chiller COP=0.7; Cogenerator operates continously at full load and

Cogenerator operates continously at full load and solar thermal increase adsorber use

(130kWf average); together yield 30%* reduction of electrical chiller use. (economical matter) Above all, the solution provides a reduction of 21% in primary energy consumed in the process (environmental matter)

* Limits on installation size given by public contributions rules

14/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Conclusions

Conclusions

Key-words:

«Technology mix»: in most EU countries further development of solar energy

passes through small applications, off-grid production and self-consuming. Focusing on efficiency in “use of energy” can favor the widespread of solar technologies coupled with a combination of other renewable and traditional.

«Sustainability culture»: all techs development steps pass through full

understanding of benefits from people who live and act the change. Strategic role is covered by enterprise support organizations and private initiative. Demonstrative small scale pilot plants can be an option.

«Knowledge»: no easy solutions exist for complex matters. Advanced human capital is essential for sustainable growth of solar energy. Investing in competencies is better than investing on end-products.

«Energy strategy»: precise and coherent address must be given from single Government and requires long-term plans including a multi technology

platform. Feed-in-tariff demonstrated efficacy and limits; it can be a support,

but also wasting money: cost efficiency is necessary for sustainable growth.

15/16 Glayx Tech Thematic workshop on solar energy - ELAN Chile 2015

Thanks for attention. Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager francesco.delmedico@glayx.com

Thanks for attention.

Thanks for attention. Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager francesco.delmedico@glayx.com

Francesco Del Medico, Program Manager francesco.delmedico@glayx.com