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TIMP

FORMA

FORMARE

EXEMPLU

UTILIZARE

MENIUNI

-aciuni obinuite, care


se ntmpl n mod
regulat, dar nu neaprat
n momentul vorbirii;
-adevruri sau realiti
general acceptate;
-exprim opinii,
preferine;

all the time,


always, every
day (week,
month, year, etc),
most of the time,
often, usually,
sometimes,
rarely;
-n aciuni
viitoare, cnd
este precedat de
if, when, until as
soon as, before,
after.

-aciune care se afl n


plin desfurare n
momentul vorbirii;
-aciune care este n
desfurare n prezent,
dar nu se ntmpl exact
n momentul vorbirii
-tendin sau aciune
care a debutat recent.
-aciuni dintr-un prezent
mai lung, dar temporar.
-aciuni de lung durat
sau obiceiuri
-pentru situaii care se
schimb;
-pentru a te plnge de o
situaie temporar

now, in this
moment;
- numai verbele
dinamice au
form continuu;
- vb statice (de
percepie,senzaie
activit. mental,
relaie, posesie:
believe, realise,
think, suppose,
understand,see
know, hate, love
understand,own
mean,need, hear)
! - vb to like -fr
form continuu

People have poluted the planet. - aciune petrecut i


ncheiat ntr-un
I haven't done my homework moment din trecut ce nu
yet.
paote fi precizat; cu
My parents have just arrived. rezultate ce se vd n
prezent;
- aciune care s-a
ncheiat recent;
- aciune trecut, parte a
unui proces nencheiat
nc;

- cu adverbe de
frecven:
always,
sometimes, often,
etc;
- just, yet
- la interogativ se
folosete
adverbul already
pentru a sublinia
uimirea;

Prezent Aff. S + vb + (s, es pers. I always go to school in time.


Simplu Neg. III, sg)
He doesn't work every day.
Int. S + don't/doesn't + vb Do you like pizza?
Do/Does + S + vb
- In autumn, it rains very much.
- She likes ice cream better
than cakes.
- If it rains, we will stay at
home.
-We will finish the work before
he comes.
Prezent Aff. S + to be + vb-ING
Continuu Neg. S + to be + not + vb-ING

Int.

To be + S + vb-ING

I am going to school now.


He is not working now.
Are you loving pizza?
- He is writing a new book.

! Timpurile continuue sunt


forme care aparin
registrului oral, limbii
vorbite i sunt rar folosite -More and more perople from
n registrul scris!
Mexic are learning English.
-Are you doing anything
interesting these days?
-My sister is always wearing
my clothes!
-Your English is improving!
- Why are you eating my ice
cream?
Prezent Aff. S + have/has +vb (ed, forma
Perfect
a III-a)
Simplu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't + vb (ed
sau forma a III-a)
Int. Have/has + S + vb (ed sau
forma a III-a)

Prezent Aff. S + have/has + been + verb- The boys have been playing
Perfect
ING
football since noon.
Continuu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't +been +
I haven't been gone for long.

Int.

vb-ING
Have/has + S + been + vbING

- aciune care a nceput - cu prepoziii


n tecut i continu n
temporale since,
prezent;
for, until

Have you been working until


now?

Trecutul Aff. S + vb-ED (vb. regulate)


Simplu
S + vb (forma a II-a pt vb
neregulate)
Neg. S + didn't + vb (inf. scurt)
Int. Did + S + vb (inf. scurt)

I played tennis last year.

-fapte i realiti din


trecut; aciuni repetate
-aciune care s-a
She didn't wash the dishes.
desfurat i s-a
Did you finish the homework? ncheiat ntr-un moment
trecut determinat,
precizat;

- cu adverbe de
timp: in the
morning, the day
before yesterday,
last night (month,
etc);

Trecutul Aff. S + was/were +vb-ING


Continuu Neg.

While my brother was listening -aciune n desfurare


the radio, I was reading a book; ntr-un moment din

-cu while
-this time

Int.

S + wasn't/waren't + vb-ING When the teacher explained, he


wasn't paying attention.
Was/were + S + vb-ING
Were you sleeping at this time,
yesterday?
- They were playing, talking
and laughing during the class.

trecut;
yesterday,
-aciune care se
-Monday at this
desfoar concomitent hour, etc
cu o alt aciune;
-pt a descrie o scen din
trecut.

Trecutul Aff. S + had + vb (ed, forma a


Perfect
III-a)
Simplu Neg. S + hadn't + vb (ed, forma a
III-a)
Int. Had + S + vb (ed, a III-a
form)

I had come home before my


mother arrived from office.
She hadn't finished her work
before midnight.
Had you gone to the airport?

- aciune care s-a


petrecut nantea unei
alte aciuni din trecut.

Trecutul Aff. S + had + been + vb-ING


Perfect
Continuu Neg. S + hadn't + been + vb-ING

I had been writing a letter for


20 minutes.
She hadn't been gone more
than half an hour.
Had you been learning all
night?

- aciune care s-a


- since, for.
desfurat continuu pe o - all day (night,
perioad de timp i s-a year, etc)
ncheiat naintea unui
alt timp.

I shall visit Paris next week.


She will not (won't) go to her
cousin next Friday.
Will you come tomorrow?

-aciuni care vor avea


loc ntr-un moment din
viitor; predicii,
promisiuni, invitaii,
oferte, cereri
-interogaii despre
viitor, planuri ale
aciunilor viitoare.

Int.

Had + S + been + vb-ING

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + vb(inf. scurt)


Simplu Neg. S + shall not/ won't +
vb(inf.scurt)
Int. Shall/will + S + vb(inf.scurt)
TO BE GOING TO...(pt
planuri, intenii)

- before

tomorrow, the
day after
tomorrow, next
year, etc

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + be + vb-ING I shall be flying at this hour


Continuu
tomorrow.

-aciune viitoare n
plin desfurare ntr-un
Neg. S + shall not/will not + be + He will not be living here next moment din viitor;
vb-ING
year.
Int. Shall/will + S + be + vbWill they be reading books this
ING
time in the week-end?

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + vb


I shall have finished the exam
Perfect
(ed. forma a III-a)
by this time next Wednesday.
Simplu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have He will not have gone to work

Int.

+ vb (ed, forma a III-a)


Shall/will + S + have + vb
(ed, forma a III-a)

by the time you arrive home.


Will you have gained the
money by February?
-I think I will have finished my
homework by 7 o'clock.

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + been I shall already have been


Perfect
+ vb-ING
turning old when you will be
Continuu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have 20.

Int.

-pt. a sublinia o aciune


care care va fi terminat
ntr-un moment al
viitorului;

-by
- dup think,
hope, expect, pt.
a exprima
ntmplri din
viitor care nu
sunt prea sigure

!! n engleza modern - already


forma shall este f.
puin utilizat!
+ been + vb-ING
! Cea mai des folosit
Shall/will + S + have + been Will you have been starting the n engleza vorbit i
+ vb-ING
course when I will finish my
scris este forma
classes?
prescurtat 'll !