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English project

Adverb-An adverb adds meaning to a
verb, an adjective or another adverb.
Types of adverbs1-Adverbs of quality.
2-Adverbs of place.
3- Adverbs of time.
4-Adverbs of frequency.
5- Adverbs of reason.
6-adverbs of affirmation or reason.
7-Adverbs of degree.
8-Adverbs of focus.
9-Adverbs of interrogation.
10- Relative adverbs.
Adverbs od quality-

Adverbs of quality elaborate the

manner in which an action is done.
Example-he walks slowly.
Adverbs of placeAdverbs of place tell us where the
action takes place.
Example-They came inside.
Adverbs of timeAdverbs of time tell us where the
action takes place.
Example- Rohan come at 8O clock.
Adverbs of frequencyAdverbs of frequency give the
information about how often the
action takes place.
Example- he travels very often.
Adverbs of reason-

Adverbs of reason bring in a logical

connection between two prepositions
in a sentence.
Example- I think , therefore I am.
Adverbs of confirmation or negartionAn action is negated by an adverb of
negation, or confirmed by an adverb
of affirmation.
Example- I do not think he is
Adverbs of degreeAdverbs of degree describe the extent
or intensity of the action.
Example-She was too sleepy to walk.
Adverbs of focusAdverbs of focus indicate what is
being communicated in the particular
sentence is limited to the part , that is
in focus.

Example- She was angry at me just for

telling the truth.
Adverbs of interrogationAdverbs of interogation ask questions.
Example- when should we start for the

Degrees of comparison123-

Positive degree
Comparative degree
Superlative degree

Positive degreeThe adverbs in positive degree are

adverbs in basic forms where no
comparison is made.
Example- Tina dances gracefully.
Comparative degreeThe adverb in comparative degree
compares two verbs adjectives or
Adverbs with three or mare syllables
have more added ton them in
comparartive degree.
Example- Tina dances more gracefully
than ayesha.

Grace / ful / ly=3 syllables.

Superlative degreeSuperlative degree is the highest
degree of comparison where more
than two verbs , adjectives , or
adverbs are compared.
Example- John walks the fastest in
the whole discrict.
Fast-1 syllable.
Tina dances most gracefully.
Grace / ful / ly = 3 syllables.
Position of adverbsAdverbs can be put in the beginning,
middle or at the end of a sentence.

PrepositionsWords placed before nouns or
pronouns that show their position or
condition in relation with the other
words in the sentence re called
Example- clothes in the cupboard.
Types of prepositions
1-prepositions of position.
2-prepositions of direction.
3-Prepositions of time.
Prepositions of positionIn,on,under,above,besides,

Preposition of direction
Preposition of time
In, at,on
During,since,till ago.
Example-1-do you live at raj nagar?
2-He threw a stone at the thief.
3-Meet me at the station at 6 pm
Group prepositions
A combination of two or more words
that act as a preposition in a sentence
are called group prepositions.

Example-I missed my train because of

a traffic jam.

ConjunctionsConjunctions are words that are used
to join words , phrases , clauses , and
If , when , because , and , but ,
therefore , which , however , with.
Example-1-Susan saw a bird which
had blue wings.
2- Although the car is old , it still runs
Types of conjunctions
1-coordinating conjunctions
2-correlative conjunctions
3-subordinating conjunctions

Complex conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions-

A coordinating conjunction is a word

that join two clauses of equal
Example- She was verty tired but she
cooked dinner for everyone.
Correlative conjunctionsCorrelative conjunctions are used in
pairs in order to show the relationship
betweenthe ideas mentioned in the
Correlative conjunction of additionCorrelative conjunction of addition are
used to connect two nouns or noun
phrases o form the compound subject
in a sentence.
Example- Both aman and anshika are
good students.
Correlative conjunction of choice-

Correlative conjunction of choice are

used to join two independent clauses.
Example-Either you complete the task
or leave the office.
Subordinating conjunctionSubordinating conjunctions joins a
subordinate clause to a main clause.
Example- He knew what he is doing.
PhrasePhrase have some meaning but do not
make complete sense.
Example-1-straight ahead.
2-left from the big banyan tree.
3- over the hill.
4-Right from tea stall.
5-Behind broken chimney.

One more exampleA blind man visited a friend for dinner.

Types of phrases1-Noun Phrase
2-Adjective phrase
3- verb phrase
4-Adverbial phrase
5-prepositional phrase
Noun phraseKey word is a noun.
If an adjective is placed before a noun
in a phrase the phrase is a noun
Example-He is a famous chess player.
Adjective phrase-

An adjective phrase does not contain

any noun.
She has a very friendly nature.
Verb pheaseKey word is a verb.
Example-I am making a paper
2-My mother is looking for her lost
Adverbial phraseKey word is an adverb.
Example-He solved the problem very
2-The guests arrived quite
Prepositional phrase
Key word is a preposition
Example-He accidently sat on a cake.

2- The police found a bomb under the


ClausesAny combination of word that contain
a subject, a predicate and a finite
Example-A big monkey ran away with
all your cloth.
Main clauseMakes complete sense by itself.
Main clause
Example- You also run away before I
come out.
Subordinate clauseDoes not make complete sense
without the main clause.
It depend on the main clause to make
complete sense.

Example-You also run away before I

come out.
Types of subordinate clause1-Noun clause
2-Adjective clause
3-Adverbial clause
Noun clausePerforms the function of a noun.
Example-I will reward whoever bring
back my large dog.
Adjective clausePerforms the function of an adjective.
Example- I got an pple that have a big
worm in it.
Adverbial clause-

An adverb clause may modify some

verb , adverb or adjective in the main
Example-I like to read because it is so
2- The flight arrived its scheduled

Topic 6
Using relative clause1-Relative clauses come after subjects
of main clause.
2-When we use a relative clause to
describe the subject of the main
clause, we insert the relative clause
after the subject and before the finite
verb of the main clause.
3-The finite verb of the main clause
must agree with its subject.
Example-The thieves who stole our car
were arrested the next day.
Made by Nihal Uddin of class 8th A