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Termenii extremism de dreapta i extrem dreapt sunt folosii pentru a desemna micrile

politice cele mai de dreapta. Termenul extrem, dei istoric i descriptiv, poart o conotaie de
exces care face s varieze coninutul potrivit descriptorului, epocii i locului, partidele asfel
desemnate prefernd un alt apelativ[1].
n practic, extrema dreapt corespunde dreptei non guvernamentale, situat la dreapta
partidelor liberale sau consevatoare care particip n guverne.
De notat c valorile acestor curente pot corespunde unui naionalism afirmat, uneori unui
tradiionalism religios hotrt[2], iar alteori, din contra, unui neopgnism[3]. Xenofobia, belicismul[4], rasismul sau nostalgia pot i ele s fie prezente n ideologia
extremei drepte.
Pentru a apra aceste valori, extremitii pot eventual s-i justifice mijloacele extreme sau
revoluionare, cu schimbarea regimului politic, contra parlamentarismului.
Cuprins
[ascunde]

1Caracteristici

2Note

3Bibliografie

4Vezi i

Caracteristici[modificare | modificare surs]


Termenul de extrem dreapt este, de cei n cauz, considerat ca fiind jignitor, fiind folosit de
adversarii politici.
Micrile de extrem dreapta sunt deseori caracterizate printr-o puternic form de naionalism i
/ sau de rasism. Caracteristici comune ale extremismului de dreapta sunt urmtoarele:

n principiu, rasele de oameni nu sunt considerate echivalente;

Diferenele culturale sunt considerate mai importante dect diferenele sociale;

Drepturile omului nu sunt considerate universal valabile;

Propriile puncte de vedere nu pot fi puse n aplicare fiindc lipsete dreptul libert ii de
opinie;

Unele structuri democratice statale lipsesc;

Conducerea cu mn forte este vzut ca o modalitate mai bun de guvernare


dect democraia.

Note[modificare | modificare surs]


1.

^ Jean-Marie Le Pen au journal tlvis de la nuit sur TF1, 15 ianuarie 1982.

2.

^ A se vedea Micarea Legionar din Romnia interbelic

3.

^ A se vedea ideologiile fasciste, etc.

4.

^ Noul dicionar universal al limbii romne ofer urmtoarea definiie a belicismului:


Belicism n, doctrin care preconizeaz folosirea for ei pentru rezolvarea problemelor litigioase
internaionale. [Din fr. bellicisme].

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare surs]

Jean-Pierre Apparu, La Droite aujourd'hui, Paris, Albin Michel, 1978.

Arzheimer, Kai and Elisabeth Carter (2006). "Political Opportunity Structures and RightWing Extremist Party Success" European Journal of Political Research(45):419-443

Betz, Hans-Georg and Stefan Immerfall, (eds.), The New Politics of the Right: NeoPopulist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, New York: St. Martin's Press,
1998.

Betz, Hans-Georg (1994). Radical Right-wing Populism in Western Europe. New York: St.
Martins Press.

Durham, Martin (2000). The Christian Right, the Far Right and the Boundaries of
American Conservatism. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press.

Durham, Martin (2002). "From Imperium to Internet: the National Alliance and the
American Extreme Right" Patterns of Prejudice 36(3), (July): 50-61.

Hainsworth, Paul (2000). The Politics of the Extreme Right: From the Margins to the
Mainstream. London: Pinter.

Schoenbaum, David. Hitler's Social Revolution: Class and Status in Nazi Germany,.

Formisano, Ronald P. (2005). Interpreting Right-Wing or Reactionary Neo-Populism: A


Critique. Journal of Policy History 17 (2): 241255.doi:10.1353/jph.2005.0010.

Radical conservatism: the right's political religion / Robert Brent Toplin., 2006

Radical conservatism and the future of politics / Gran Dahl., 1999

Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century
Europe / Martin Blinkhorn., 1990

The Routledge companion to fascism and the far right / Peter Davies., 2002

The terrorist next door : the militia movement and the radical right / Daniel Levitas., 2002

Right-wing populism in America : too close for comfort / Chip Berlet & Matthew N. Lyons,
2000

The extreme right : freedom and security at risk / Aurel Braun., 1997

The impact of radical right-wing parties in West European democracies / Michelle Hale
Williams., 2006

Right-wing extremism in the twenty-first century / Peter Merkl., 2003

Extreme right parties in Western Europe / Piero Ignazi., 2003

The United States and right-wing dictatorships, 1965-1989 / David Schmitz., 2006

The emergence of a Euro-American radical right / Jeffrey Kaplan., 1998

The politics of the extreme right : from the margins to the mainstream / Paul Hainsworth.,
2000

The revival of right-wing extremism in the nineties / Peter Merkl., 1997

Shadows over Europe : the development and impact of the extreme right in Western
Europe / Martin Schain., 2002

Western democracies and the new extreme right challenge / Roger Eatwell., 2004

The voice of modern hatred : encounters with Europe's new right / Nicholas Fraser., 2000

Extreme right activists in Europe : through the magnifying glass / Bert Klandermans.,
2006

Preachers of hate : the rise of the far right / Angus Roxburgh., 2002

Movements of exclusion : radical right-wing populism in the Western world / Jens


Rydgren., 2005

Ioan Oprea, Carmen-Gabriela Pamfil, Rodica Radu, Victoria Zstroiu, Noul dicionar
universal al limbii romne, Ediia a doua, Editura Litera Internaional, Bucureti - Chiinu,
2007.