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Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard
Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard

Global health and travel security risks review

Global health and travel security risks review Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard (No.)
Franz Josef Land (Ru.) Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.) Svalbard (No.) i Novaya Zemlya (Ru.) New Siberian
Franz Josef Land (Ru.)
Severnaya Zemlya (Ru.)
Svalbard (No.)
i
Novaya Zemlya (Ru.)
New Siberian Islands (Ru.)
Greenland
Jan Mayen (No.)
Deadhorse
Alaska
(U.S.)
ICELAND
i
SWEDEN
i
Reykjavik
i
i
FINLAND
Faroe Islands (Dk.)
M
L
NORWAY
Anchorage
RUSSIA
Helsinki
Oslo
Kenai
Kokstad
CANADA
Haugesund
Stockholm
Tallinn
Stavanger
L ESTONIA
Dyce
DENMARK
L
Riga
LATVIA
L Aberdeen
i
Copenhagen
Moscow
L LITHUANIA
Stockton-on-Tees
Isle of Man (U.K.)
Vilnius
UNITED
L
Minsk
Dublin
L
IRELAND
KINGDOM
L POLAND
Berlin
L
NETHERLANDS
BELARUS
Sakhalin (Ru.)
London
Amsterdam
GERMANY
Warsaw
Brussels
Astana
L
L
Kiev
BELGIUM
Frankfurt
L Prague
Guernsey
L M
CZECH REP.
UKRAINE
Isle of Man
Jersey
LUXEMBOURG
Paris
SLOVAKIA
E
Vienna
M
Bratislava
KAZAKHSTAN
L
Ulan-Bator
Al
MOLDOVA
i LIECHTENSTEIN
AUSTRIA
Budapest
L
eu
L
Berne Vaduz
Chisinau
HUNGARY
Atyrau
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
SLOVENIA
SWITZERLAND
ti
Ljubljana
L ROMANIA
M MONGOLIA
Zagreb
Ottawa
an
Saint Pierre
and Miquelon (Fr.)
Geneva
L
FRANCE
CROATIA
Belgrade Bucharest
SAN MARINO
AND BOSNIA HERZ.
H
I
Sarajevo
MONACO
SERBIA
Almaty
sl
L
BULGARIA
Aktau
i
ITALY
MONTENEGRO
KOSOVO
L
Corsica(Fr.)
Sofia
M GEORGIA
UZBEKISTAN
Bishkek
an
L
Podgorica
NORTH
ANDORRA
VATICAN
M
Skopje
Tbilisi
i
KYRGYZSTAN
M
M
Rome
Tirana
M
L
CITY
MACEDONIA
L ARMENIA
UNITED STATES
OF AMERICA
ds
L
L Tashkent
KOREA
Beijing
L
L
ALBANIA
Baku
Ankara
Yerevan
TURKMENISTAN
H
Philadelphia
Madrid
M
AZERBAIJAN
L GREECE
Tianjin
Washington
Pyongyang
(
Azores (Pt.)
Lisbon
L
TURKEY
H
Ashgabat
H Dushanbe
SPAIN
Athens
M
Dalian
U.
M
M
PORTUGAL
TAJIKISTAN
Seoul
H
L JAPAN
S.
H
L
E
L
M
L Algiers
Tunis
Gibraltar
Valletta
SOUTH
Nicosia
Tehran
Tokyo
)
M
H
Erbil
L
L
Kabul
MALTA
L CYPRUS
SYRIA
M
KOREA
LEBANON
Rabat
IRAQ
E
CHINA
Madeira (Pt.)
TUNISIA
Beirut
Damascus
Phoenix
MOROCCO
M
ISRAEL
E
Islamabad
Hassi Messaoud
Baghdad
L
IRAN
M Tripoli
Amman
AFGHANISTAN
L
Bermuda
L
Nanjing
JORDAN
L
PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
WEST BANK
H Basra
Shanghai
Cairo
M
PAKISTAN
Canary Islands (Es.)
L
H KUWAIT
Kuwait City
New Delhi
M NEPAL
L M
H
M
EGYPT
H
Kathmandu
Adrar
M
Thimphu
L
El Aaiún
E LIBYA
BAHRAIN
E H
BAHAMAS
BHUTAN
Manama
E
H
Midway Atoll
ALGERIA
SAUDI
WESTERN
H
M
Dubai
MEXICO
Doha
Nassau
QATAR
(U.S.)
BANGLADESH
SAHARA
Abu Dhabi
i
ARABIA
Taipei
Havana
Riyadh
M
Dhaka
M
H
L UNITED
M
Turks and Caicos
H
Shenzhen
TAIWAN
L
Muscat
CUBA
L
Islands (U.K.)
M ARAB EMIRATES
VIETNAM
Hong Kong (SAR)
H
M MYANMAR
Macao (SAR)
E
INDIA
H
Hanoi
Hawaii (U.S.)
i
L
Mexico City
CaymanIslands
DOMINICAN
M MAURITANIA
LAOS
British
M
Naypyidaw
HAITI
REP.
Virgin
Anguilla
Navassa Island(U.S.)
Puerto Rico
L
MALI
H
Islands
NIGER
H
OMAN
L
L Vientiane
L
Saint Martin
M
Mumbai
L
H
BELIZE
Kingston
Nouakchott
Wake Island (U.S.)
US Virgin Islands
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS
Port-au-
San Juan
H
L
E SUDAN
E
Yangon
Prince Santo
Domingo
Bonaire, Sint EustatiusandSaba
Saint John’s
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
Belmopan
JAMAICA
Basseterre
Northern Mariana Islands
L
Montserrat
L
M CHAD
ERITREA
Guadeloupe
Sana’a
THAILAND
L
M
GUATEMALA
i
HONDURAS
CAPE VERDE
Praia
L
Khartoum
H
H M
Johnston Atoll (U.S.)
Roseau
Asmara
DOMINICA
H
YEMEN
Guatemala City
Martinique
Dakar
SENEGAL
M Niamey
Bangkok
Manila
Tegucigalpa
SAINT LUCIA
Castries
San Salvador
Netherlands Antilles (N.L.)
L
Banjul
Kingstown
L GAMBIA
Bridgetown
BARBADOS
M
Ouagadougou
CAMBODIA
M
MEDICAL RISK RATING
DEFINITIONS
H
EL SALVADOR
M
Aruba
PHILIPPINES
NICARAGUA
CURAÇAO
SAINT VINCENT AND
Clipperton Island (Fr.)
L
THE GRENADINES
Saint Georges
GRENADA
E
Phnom Penh
Guam
M Bamako
M Djibouti
L
Bissau
BURKINAFASO
Managua
BONAIRE,SINTEUSTATIUSANDSABA
L NIGERIA
N’Djamena
H
M
GUINEA
M
Port of Spain
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
H GUINEA-BISSAU
Ho Chi Minh City
Caracas
San José
Conakry
H
L M
H
E
H
H
Panama
M Vung Tau
E
L
H
H Abuja
COSTA RICA
VENEZUELA
Freetown
CÔTE D’IVOIRE
GHANA
H
Addis Ababa
PANAMA
SOUTH
SRI
Dalap-Uliga-Darrit
Melekeok
Georgetown
M SIERRA LEONE
Palikir
Yamoussoukro
Lomé Porto-Novo
CENTRAL
M
L
Kumasi
H
Colombo
LANKA
H
H
M
M
Monrovia
ETHIOPIA
International SOS assigns medical ratings to
L
Accra
Lagos
SUDAN
AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Saba (N.L.)
Bandar Seri Begawan
H
Paramaribo
i
M Takoradi
PALAU
GUYANA
Warri
Cayenne
M LIBERIA
L
MICRONESIA
i
Juba
MARSHALL ISLANDS
Howland Island (U.S.)
countries* by assessing a range of factors including
Bogotá
FRENCH
Port Harcourt
Yaoundé Bangui
Malé
BRUNEI
E
Kuala Lumpur
L
M SURINAME
L
Malabo
the standard of local medical and dental care
COLOMBIA
H SOMALIA
L GUIANA
CAMEROON
UGANDA
MALAYSIA
L
M
available, access to prescription drugs, the presence
of serious infectious diseases and cultural, language
EQUATORIALGUINEA
E
MALDIVES
L
L
Baker Island
Bairiki
Mogadishu
SINGAPORE
H
M
M KENYA
L
SãoTomé
(U.S.)
L
Libreville
CONGO
Quito
H Kampala
Yaren
Nairobi
or administrative barriers.
SÃOTOMÉ
GABON
L
L
L
ECUADOR
RWANDA
Kigali
i NAURU
ANDPRÍNCIPE
Galápagos Islands
H CONGO
L
M M
KIRIBATI
Bujumbura
i
* The term ‘country’ refers to traditional countries or independent
states, as well as other geographic entities including dependencies,
territories and areas of special sovereignty.
(Ec.)
BURUNDI
H
Brazzaville
(DRC)
Victoria
M INDONESIA
M
Kinshasa
Dodoma
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Jakarta
SEYCHELLES
E TANZANIA
H
i TUVALU
Ilha da Luanda
PERU
M
Chagos Archipelago (U.K.)
Dili
Denpasar
Vaiaku
Luanda
M Glorioso Islands (Fr.)
L
Port
M
Tokelau (N.Z.)
Rapidly developing variable risk countries
M TIMOR-LESTE
M Honiara
Moresby
BRAZIL
L
L Moroni
COMOROS
H
L
M
Christmas Island
Lima
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Mayotte
SAMOA
L
L
Pemba
MALAWI
Cocos Island
(Au.)
Ashmore and Cartier
Islands (Au.)
Wallis and
ANGOLA
Apia
Futuna
American Samoa
Countries where there is a wide difference between the high quality medical care available in the major cities and
what is generally available throughout the rest of the country.
ZAMBIA
(Au.)
Lilongwe
Brasília
Tromelin Island (Fr.)
M
Lusaka
L
M
FIJI
• In major cities: a high or international standard of medical care is available from several selected providers.
La Paz
MOZAMBIQUE
Arequipa
Saint Helena
M Harare
VANUATU
• Elsewhere: medical care, emergency services and dental care may be basic. Access to prescription drugs may be limited
and counterfeiting and/or improper storage may be an issue. Serious illnesses such as dengue, malaria, typhoid,
BOLIVIA
Port-Vila
(U.K.)
M Juan de Nova
Island (Fr.)
L
Suva
Coral Sea
TONGA
L
M Antananarivo
MAURITIUS
New Caledonia
L
ZIMBABWE
NAMIBIA
Islands (Au.)
L
Port-Louis
MADAGASCAR
Niue (N.Z.)
and cholera may pose a threat in some regions or throughout the country.
Windhoek
Réunion
L
Nouméa
Nuku’alofa
BOTSWANA
PARAGUAY
Rio de Janeiro
Europa Island (Fr.)
L
L Gaborone
H
L AUSTRALIA
Low medical risk countries
Asunción
Pretoria
L CHILE
Johannesburg
Maputo
Mbabane
SWAZILAND
M
International standard of care throughout the country. Most specialist care widely available. High-quality
Maseru
emergency and dental services and a wide range of quality prescription drugs available. Low risk of infectious
diseases.
LESOTHO
M
Norfolk Island (Au.)
L
SOUTH AFRICA
L
Perth
ARGENTINA
M
Santiago
URUGUAY
Sydney
Medium medical risk countries
Montevideo
Buenos Aires
Canberra
Auckland
High or international standard of care available from selected providers. Reliable emergency services and dental
care usually available. Some risk of food or water-borne diseases. Infectious diseases such as malaria and dengue
fever may be present.
NEW ZEALAND
L
Wellington
Chatham Islands
High medical risk countries
(N.Z.)
Basic emergency services and dental care may be available. Specialist care is limited. Access to quality
prescription drugs may be limited and, in some cases, counterfeiting and/or improper storage of drugs is an issue.
Serious infectious diseases such as typhoid, cholera, dengue fever and malaria may pose a threat.
Crozet Islands (Fr.)
Kerguelen Islands (Fr.)
Falkland Islands (G.B.)
L
Very high medical risk countries
International SOS
Assistance Centre
International SOS
Response Centre
Clinic
Countries where healthcare is almost non-existent or severely overtaxed. There may be very limited or no primary
care, emergency care or dental services. Quality prescription drugs are usually not available. There is a high risk
for food or water-borne infections. Serious infectious diseases such as dengue, malaria, typhoid, and cholera may
pose a threat.
South Georgia and the
South Sandwich Islands (G.B.)
South Shetland Islands
(G.B.)
Staffed by doctors and nurses, multilingual
coordinators, security experts, and air and ground
logistics personnel, our 27 Assistance Centres deliver
24/7 medical and travel security assistance services
in more than 99 languages, all over the world.
International SOS has six response centres.
They provide expertise in workplace injury, illness
case management and advice on a patient’s fitness
to stay at work or return to work in line with industry
regulations and/or HSE standards.
Our clients can rely on an integrated network of
56 clinics and 850 medical remote sites around
the world. Practising international standards of
medicine – in emerging countries, offshore and
remote locations.
South Orkney Islands
The Travel Risk Map is a global representation of medical
and travel security risks. Please consult International SOS
for more detailed information on country-specific risks.
All Risk ratings shown are taken in November 2015.
internationalsos.com
(G.B.)
TRAVEL SECURITY RISK RATING
DEFINITIONS
i
Insignificant
travel risk
L Low
M
Medium
H
High
E
Extreme
travel risk
travel risk
travel risk
travel risk
The travel security risk rating evaluates the threat
posed to travellers and expatriates by political
violence (including terrorism, insurgency, politically
motivated unrest and war), social unrest (including
sectarian, communal and ethnic violence) as well
as violent and petty crime. Other factors, such
as the robustness of the transport infrastructure,
the state of industrial relations, the effectiveness
of the security and emergency services and the
country’s susceptibility to natural disasters are also
considered where they are of sufficient magnitude
to impact the overall risk environment for travellers.
Rates of violent crime are very low. There is no significant
political violence or civil unrest and no sectarian,
communal, racial or targeted violence against
foreigners. Security and emergency services are
effective and infrastructure is sound. Transport
services are of a high standard with good safety
records and only occasional travel disruption.
Violent crime rates are low and racial, sectarian
or political violence
or civil unrest is uncommon.
If terrorism is a threat, groups have limited
operational capabilities, and acts of terrorism are
rare. Security and emergency services are adequate
and infrastructure is sound. Industrial action and
transport disruption are infrequent.
Periodic political unrest, violent protests, insurgency
and/or sporadic acts of terrorism occur.
Travellers and expatriates may face risk from
communal, sectarian or racial violence and violent
crime. Capacity of security and emergency services
and infrastructure varies. Industrial action can
disrupt travel.
Industrial action affecting essential services is rare.
Protests are frequently violent and may target
or disrupt foreigners; they may be exacerbated
by governance issues, including security or law
and order capacity. Violent crime or terrorism
pose significant direct or incidental risks to travellers
and expatriates. Communal, sectarian or racial
violence is common and foreigners may be
directly targeted. Certain parts of the country are
inaccessible or off-limits to the traveller.
Government control and law and order may be
minimal or non-existent across large areas. Serious
threat of violent attacks by armed groups targeting
travellers and expatriates. Government and transport
services are barely functional. Large parts of the
country are inaccessible to foreigners.
Travel Security Risk Zones are areas within a country
where the risks faced by travellers and expatriates are
different from the country’s overall risk environment,
usually necessitating a different level of preparation.
TOGO
BENIN
necessitating a different level of preparation. TOGO BENIN InterSOS_TravelRiskMap 2016_1000x700_v20.indd 1 04/12/2015

InterSOS_TravelRiskMap 2016_1000x700_v20.indd

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a different level of preparation. TOGO BENIN InterSOS_TravelRiskMap 2016_1000x700_v20.indd 1 04/12/2015 18:17

04/12/2015

a different level of preparation. TOGO BENIN InterSOS_TravelRiskMap 2016_1000x700_v20.indd 1 04/12/2015 18:17

18:17