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Physics 1112 Final Exam

Formula/Data Sheets
(Nothing written on these sheets will be graded)
Kinematics: Definitions
~r
t0 t

:= lim
t0 t

~r
t

:=
t

Translational:

~
vavg :=

Rotational:

avg

~
v := lim

~
v
t

:=
t

~aavg :=
avg

~
v
t0 t

:= lim
t0 t

~a := lim

Kinematics: Constant Acceleration Motion (ti = 0)


1
~r = (~
vi + ~
vf )t
2
~
v = ~at
1
= (i + f )t
2
= t

Translational (constant ~a):

Rotational (constant ):

1
~r = ~
vi t + ~at2
2
2
vf2x = vix
+ 2ax (x)
1
= i t + t2
2
2
2
f = i + 2()

Kinematics: Linear/Angular Relations, Radial Acceleration


s = r

vt = r

at = r

2r
2
T =
=
v

vt2
ar =
= 2r
r

Translational Dynamics
Definitions

Theorems/Laws

Work: W := F d cos (constant force)

Newtons 1st Law: ~


Fnet = 0 = ~
v constant
P
~
Newtons 2nd Law: F = m~a
Newtons 3rd Law: ~
F12 = ~
F21

Power: P :=

W
t

= F v cos

Kinetic energy: K := 12 mv 2
Potential energy: U = Wc
Total mechanical energy: E := K + U

Work-Energy Theorems:
Wtot = K
Wnc = E (E constant if Wnc = 0)

Gravitation
Approximation at Earths surface: F = mg
Newtonian gravity: F = Gm1 m2 /r2

Definitions: f :=

1
,
T

U = mgh
U = Gm1 m2 /r

Simple Harmonic Motion


:= 2f

Kinematics: x(t) = A cos t,

v(t) = A sin t,

a(t) = 2 A cos t

Physics 1112 Final Exam

EM Waves / Wave Nature of Light


Periodic wave condition: v = f
Doppler effect: f 0 = (1 u/c)f
EM wave, ratio of fields: E = cB
1
1 2
B2
Energy density: u = 0 E 2 +
B = 0 E 2 =
2
20
0

uavg =

2
0 Erms

B2
= rms
0

Intensity (S or I): S = uc
Maluss Law: S = S0 /2 (unpolarized), S = S0 cos2 (polarized)
Geometrical Optics
Law of reflection: i = r
Index of refraction: n := c/v
Snells Law: n1 sin 1 = n2 sin 2
Critical angle: sin c = n2 /n1
Spherical mirror curvature: f = R/2
1
1
1
Mirror/thin-lens equation:
+ =
do di
f

Magnification: M =

hi
di
=
ho
do

f : + converging, diverging; di , do : + real; virtual; m: + upright; inverted


N
Magnifying glass: M =
(Image at infinity)
f
fobj
Telescope: M =
feye

di
N
Microscope: M = Mobj =
f
fobj

N
f

Wave Optics

Generic interference:

(constructive)
` = m

Youngs two-slit experiment:

d sin = m

Diffraction grating:

d sin = m

Single-slit diffraction:
Circular-aperture diffraction:

 (destructive)


` = m


1
2

d sin = m

(m > 0)

1
2

(m > 0)

W sin = m (m 6= 0)
D sin = 1.22 (1st min.)

Physics 1112 Final Exam

Electric Field / Potential


~ =
Electric field of point charge: |E|

k|Q|
r2

Electric force:
~
on charge in field: ~
FE = q E
k|q1 q2 |
between 2 point charges: |~
FE | =
r2
Electric flux: E := EA cos
Qenc
Gausss Law: E =
0

Electric potential:
kQ
r
uniform field: V = E(s) cos

point charge: V =

Electric potential energy: UE = qV


kq1 q2
point charges: UE =
r
uniform field: UE = qE(s) cos

Circuits / Circuit Elements


Circuits: General
Q
Current: I :=
t
Electrical power: P = I V

Capacitance
Capacitance: C :=

Kirchhoffs
junction (current) rule:
X
I=0
jxn

Kirchhoffs
loop (voltage) rule:
X
V = 0
Vp
Np
=
Vs
Ns

Inductance

Resistance
Resistance: R :=

0 A
d
X 1
1
Capacitors in series:
=
Ceq
Ci
P
in parallel: Ceq = Ci
Parallel-plate capacitor: C =

Energy in capacitors:
1
Q2
1
U = QV =
= C(V )2
2
2C
2

loop

Transformer equation:

Q
V

V
I

Inductance: L :=

`
Resistors and resistivity: R =
A
P
Resistors in series: Req = Ri
X 1
1
in parallel:
=
Req
Ri
Power for resistors: P = I 2 R =

(V )2
R

N B
I

0 N 2 A
`
1 2
Energy in inductors: U = LI
2

Solenoid inductance: L =

Physics 1112 Final Exam

Magnetism
Force: |~
FB | = |qvB sin | = |I`B sin |

Magnetic flux: B := BA cos

Torque on loop: = N IAB sin


~ r = mv
Circular orbits in B:
|q|B
P
Amp`eres Law: loop Bk ` = 0 I

Faradays Law of Induction:


B
I
E = N
= L
t
t
~ ~
Motional emf: E = Bv` (B
v `)
Generator emf: E = N BA sin t

Magnetic fields:
0 I
2 r
0 N I
solenoid: B =
`
long wire: B =

Algebra and Trigonometry


q
~ cos
~ = A2x + A2y
Ax = |A|
|A|
~ sin
Ay = |A|
tan = Ay /Ax

az + bz + c = 0
sin =

opp
hyp

cos =

adj
hyp

z=

tan =

opp
adj

b2 4ac
2a
sin2 + cos2 = 1

c2 = a2 + b2 2ab cos C

b
sin A
sin B
sin C
=
=
a
b
c

B
c

Numerical Data
Near point of ideal eye: N = 25 cm
Acceleration of gravity: g = 9.81 m/s2
Speed of light in vacuum: c = 3.00 108 m/s
Coulombs constant: k = 8.99 109 N m2 /C2
Permittivity of free space: 0 := 1/4k = 8.85 1012 C2 /N m2
Permeability of free space: 0 = 4 107 T m/A
Electron charge magnitude: e = 1.60 1019 C
Electron mass: me = 9.11 1031 kg
Proton mass: mp = 1.67 1027 kg