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E. M. Forster Work
Early works, inspiration
British novelist, essayist and social and literary critic. His fame rests mainly on his novels
Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924) and on a large body of criticism.

Rooksnest: inspired Howards End


trips to Europe: Italy, Greece, Turkey, where Forster first experienced the
Mediterranean culture (gained a sense of the uniqueness of the individual, of the
healthiness of moderate scepticism, and of the importance of Mediterranean
civilization)
his first of many sketches, essays, and stories: Independent Review 1904
contributed greatly to the London literary journal The Athenaeum
Alexandria: he met and fell in love with Mohammed el Adl, who was one of his
largest inspirations
short stories printed in local newspapers
India: journeys of significant impact on him, which appear in his work

Themes of his work

humanist
class and connectivity
travelling
sexuality: general shift from heterosexual to homosexual love can be observed
through the course of his writing career. (Maurice novel; The Life to Come
short story collection)
other notable factors: symbolism, mysticism

Novels
Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905):
This is Forsters first novel. With its action split between England and Italy, the novel
raises questions about the possibility of personal connection across social differences. An
English widow named Lilia Herriton falls in love with a younger Italian man while traveling.
The Longest Journey (1907):
It is Forsters second novel, probably the least known of his major works. Its main character,
Rickie Elliot escapes from the misery of suburban life and the bullying of public school to
Cambridge where he finds sympathetic friends. In one sense, it is a Bildungsroman in ironic
reverse: the protagonist is wiser at the outset than he is at the end of the book.
(Bildungsroman: a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character.)

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A Room with a View (1908):
A Room with a View was actually the first novel Forster started writing, even though it wasn't
the first one that he published. Its about a romance set in Italy, contrasted with Edwardian
Englands society.
Howards End (1910):
This novel brought Forster his first major success. There are three principle families in the
novel. The oldest Schlegel sister Margaret acts as a link between the classes as they deal with
issues like inheritance, the working life and infidelity. When Forster's characters isolate
themselves from the other classes, they suffer; but when they embrace the other classes, it gets
better.
A Passage to India (1924):
It is considered to be his definitive novel. He takes a sharp critique of the British class
system and takes it on an international scale, embracing racial issues. This novel is set in
India during the Indian independence movement from Britain of the 1920s. It's driven by a
central question: can a white man and an Indian be friends?
Maurice (1971):
A novel of same-sex love in early 20th-century England, it follows Maurice Hall from his
schooldays, through university and beyond. It was written in 19131914, but it was only
published in 1971 after Forster's death.
Other works

essays
short stories (The Story of Panic)
biographies (Marianne Thorton (1956))
literary criticism (Aspect of the Novel (1927))

Prizes:

James Tait Black Memorial Prize (1924)


Prix Femina Vie Heureuse (1925)
Order of Companions of Honor (1953)
Queen Elizabeth's Order of Merit (1969)

Sources:
http://www.britannica.com/biography/E-M-Forster
http://www.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521542524&ss=fro
http://www.online-literature.com/forster
http://study.com/academy/lesson/introduction-to-em-forster-overview-of-life-and-works.html

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http://www.gradesaver.com/author/e-forster

23 November 2015