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UC3843

Fixed Frequency Current Mode PWM Controller

DESCRIPTION

UC3843 is a fixed frequency current-mode PWM controller.

It is specially designed for Off Line and DC-to-DC converter applications with minimal external component. This

integrated circuit features a trimmed oscillator for precise duty cycle control, a temperature compensated reference, a high gain error amplifier, a current sensing comparator, and

a high current totem pole output ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET.

PIN CONFIGURATION

Compensation

Voltage Feedback

Current Sense

RT/CT

1 8 2 7 3 6 4 5 (Top View)
1 8
2
7
3
6
4
5
(Top View)

Vref

VCC

Output

GND

The device is protective features consisting of input and reference under-voltage lockouts each with hysteresis, cycle-by-cycle current limiting.

FEATURES

● Automatic Feed Forward Compensation

● High Current Totem Pole Output

● Internally Trimmed Bandgap Reference

● Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis

● Low Start Up Current

● Optimized for offline converter

● Double pulse suppression

● Current mode operation to 500kHz

APPLICATION

● Wireless Base Station Power

● Telecom and Datacom Power

● Industrial Power Systems

● PC Power Supplies

ORDERING INFORMATION

Orderable

Device

Temperature Range

Package

Package Qty

0°C to +70°C

DIP8L

Pb-Free

UC3843D

75Units/Tube

SOP8L

UC3843P

50Units/Tube

Package Qty 0°C to +70°C DIP8L Pb-Free U C 3 8 4 3 D 75Units/Tube SOP8L

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

1

Package Qty 0°C to +70°C DIP8L Pb-Free U C 3 8 4 3 D 75Units/Tube SOP8L

UC3843

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

VCC 7(12) VCC Vref 5.0V Undervoltage Reference 8(14) R Lockout Vref VC R Undervoltage 7(11)
VCC 7(12)
VCC
Vref
5.0V
Undervoltage
Reference
8(14)
R
Lockout
Vref
VC
R
Undervoltage
7(11)
Lockout
RTCT
Output
Oscillator
4(7)
6(10)
Latching
Power
Voltage
PWM
Ground
Feedback
+
Input 2(3)
-
5(8)
Current
Error
Sense
Output
Amplifier
Input
Compensation
3(5)
1(1)
GND
5(9)

Pin numbers in parenthesis are for the D suffix SOIC-14 package.

PIN DESCRIPTION

Figure 1. Simplified Block Diagram

No.

Name

Function Description

1

Compensation

This pin is the Error Amplifier output and is made available for loop compensation.

   

This is the inverting input of the Error Amplifier. It is normally

2

Voltage

Feedback

connected to the switching power supply output through a resistor divider.

   

A voltage proportional to inductor current is connected to this input

3

Current Sense

The PWM uses this information to terminate the output switch conduction.

   

The Oscillator frequency and maximum Output duty cycle are

4

RT/CT

programmed by connecting resistor RT to VREF and capacitor CT to ground. Operation to 500kHz is possible.

5

GND

This pin is the combined control circuitry and power ground.

6

Output

This output directly drives the gate of a power MOSFET. Peakcurrents up to 1.0A are sourced and sunk by this pin.

7

VCC

This pin is the positive supply of the control IC.

8

VREF

This is the reference output. It provides charging current for capacitor CT through resistor RT

This is the reference output. It provides charging current for capacitor C T through resistor R

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

2

This is the reference output. It provides charging current for capacitor C T through resistor R

UC3843

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS

Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

Total Power Supply and Zener Current

ICC + IZ

30

mA

DC Supply Voltage

VCC

30

V

Output Current

Io

±1.0

A

Output Energy (Capacitive Load per Cycle)

W

5.0

µJ

Error Amp Output Sink Current

Ioe

10

mA

Current Sense and Voltage Feedback Inputs

VIN

-0.3 to 5.5

V

Maximum Power Dissipation @TA=25°C

PD

0.862

W

Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Air

RBIA

145

°C/W

Maximum Operating Junction Temperature

TJ

+150

°C

Storage Temperature Range

TSTG

-65 to +150

°C

RECOMMENDED OPERATION CONDITIONS

 

Parameter

Symbol

Min

Max

Unit

DC Supply Voltage

VCC

12

25

V

Operating Temperature

TA

0

70

°C

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

(Vcc = 15V unless otherwise noted)

Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Min

Max

Unit

Reference Section

Reference Out

VREF

IO = 1.0mA, VCC = 15V, TA = 25±10°C

4.9

5.1

V

IO = 1.0mA, VCC = 15V,

 

5.135

TA = TLOW to THIGH

4.865

   

VCC = 12V to 25V,

     

Line Regulation

RegLINE

TA = TLOW to THIGH

20

mV

Load Regulation

RegLOAD

IO = 1.0 to 20mA,

     

TA = TLOW to THIGH

25

mV

   

VCC = 12V, IO = 1.0mA,

     

Total Output Variation over Line, Load, Temperature (Note1)

VFINAL

TA = TLOW to THIGH

4.82

5.18

V

 

VCC = 25V, IO = 20mA,

 

TA = TLOW to THIGH

     

Output Short Circuit Current

ISC

VCC =15V

-30

-180

mA

HIGH       Output Short Circuit Current I SC V CC =15V -30 -180 mA

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

3

HIGH       Output Short Circuit Current I SC V CC =15V -30 -180 mA

UC3843

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Min

Max

Unit

Unit
Oscillator Section VCC = 15V, TJ = 25°C RT=10K , CT = 3.3nF 47 57
Oscillator Section
VCC = 15V, TJ = 25°C
RT=10K , CT = 3.3nF
47
57
Frequency
kHz
fosc
VCC = 15V,
46
60
TA = TLOW to THIGH,
RT = 10K CT = 3.3nF
VCC = 12V to 25V,
Frequency Change
with Voltage
Δ fosc/ΔV
TA= TLOWto THIGH,
1.0
%
RT=10kΩ, CT=3.3nF
TJ = 25°C
7.5
9.3
Discharge Current
Idisch
Vosc = 2.0V
VCC = 15V
mA
TA = TLOW to
7.2
9.5
THIGH
Error Amplifier Section
Voltage Feedback
Input
VO = 2.5V,VCC = 15V,
2.42
2.58
V
VFB
TA = TLOW to THIGH
VFB = 2.7V,VCC = 15V,
Input Bias Current
-2.0
μA
IIB
TA = TLOW to THIGH
Open Loop Voltage
Gain
AVOL
VO = 2.0V to 4.0V,
VCC = 15V,
65
dB
TA = TLOW to THIGH
VCC = 15V,
Unity Gain Bandwidth
BW
0.7
MHz
TA = TLOW to THIGH
Power Supply
VCC = 12V to 25V,
PSRR
60
dB
Rejection Ratio
TA = TLOW to THIGH
VO = 1.1V, VFB = 2.7V,
VCC = 15V,
2.0
Sink
ISINK
Output
TA = TLOW to THIGH
Current
mA
Source
VO = 5.0V, VFB = 2.3V,
VCC = 15V,
ISOURCE
-0.5
TA = TLOW to THIGH
High
VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V
RL(GND) = 15KΩ,
5.0
VOH
State
Output
TA = TLOW to THIGH
Voltage
V
Swing
Low
VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V
RL(5.0) = 15KΩ,
1.1
VOL
State
TA = TLOW to THIGH
Voltage V Swing Low VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V RL(5.0) = 15KΩ, 1.1 VOL State

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

4

Voltage V Swing Low VFB = 2.7V, VCC = 15V RL(5.0) = 15KΩ, 1.1 VOL State

UC3843

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUE)

Parameter

Symbol

Test Conditions

Min

Max

Unit

Unit

Current Sense Section

Current Sense Input Voltage Gain

AV

VFB = 0V, VCC = 15V,

2.85

3.15

 

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Maximum Current Sense Input Threshold

VTH

VFB = 0V,VCC = 15V,

0.9

1.1

V

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Input Bias Current

IIB

VCC = 15V,

 

-10

μA

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Propagation Delay (Current Sense Input to Output)

tPLH

VCC = 15V,

 

300

ns

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Output Section

 
 

Low

VOL

ISINK = 20mA, VCC = 15V

 

0.4

 

Output

State

ISINK = 200mA, VCC = 15V

 

2.2

V

Voltage

High

VOH

ISINK = 20mA, VCC = 15V

13

 

State

ISINK = 200mA, VCC = 15V

12

   

Output Voltage with UVLO Activated

VOL(UVLO)

VCC = 6V, ISINK = 1.0mA,

 

1.1

V

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Output Voltage

tr

CL

= 1.0nF,VCC= 15V,

 

150

ns

Rise Time

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Output Voltage Fall Time

tf

CL

= 1.0nF, VCC = 15V,

 

150

ns

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Under Voltage Lockout Section

 

Startup Threshold

Vth

VCC = 0V to 25V,

7.8

7.9

V

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

Minimum Operating Voltage After Turn-On

VCC(MIN)

VCC = 0V to 25V,

7.0

8.2

V

TA

= TLOW to THIGH

PWM Section

 
   

VCC = 15V,

     

Duty Cycle

DC

TA

= TLOW to THIGH,

0

94

%

RT

= 10KΩ, CT = 3.3nF

Total Device

Power Supply Current

ICC

Startup: VCC = 14V

 

1.0

mA

Operating: VCC = 15V

 

17

Power Supply Zener Voltage

Vz

ICC

= 25mA, VCC = 0 to 40V

30

40

V

Note 1: VFINAL = VREF25(RegLINE+RegLOAD)/1000±IVREF70(VREF0)-VREF25I VREF25 = VREF@TA=25°C;

VREF70=VREF@TA=70°C;VREF0=VREF@TA=0°C.

Note 2: TLOW = 0°C,THIGH=+70°C

A =25°C; V REF70 =V REF @T A =70°C;V REF0 =V REF @T A =0°C. Note

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

5

A =25°C; V REF70 =V REF @T A =70°C;V REF0 =V REF @T A =0°C. Note

UC3843

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS

80 50 20 8.0 5.0 2.0 VCC = 15V TA = 25°C 0.8 10K 20K
80
50
20
8.0
5.0
2.0
VCC = 15V
TA
= 25°C
0.8
10K
20K
50K
100K
200K
500K
1.0M
RT, TIMING RESISTOR (kΩ)

fOSC,OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (Hz)

Figure 2. Timing Resistor versus Oscillator Frequency

9.0 VCC = 15V VOSC = 20V 8.5 8.0 7.5 7.0 -55 -25 0 25
9.0
VCC = 15V
VOSC =
20V
8.5
8.0
7.5
7.0
-55
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Idischg, DISCHARGE CURRENT (mA)

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

Figure 4. Oscillator Discharge Current versus Temperature

2.55V

2.5V

2.45V

VCC = 15 V AV = -1.0 TA = 25°C 20 mV/DIV
VCC = 15 V
AV = -1.0
TA = 25°C
20
mV/DIV

0.5 μs/DIV

Figure 6. Error Amp Small Signal Transient Response

100 VCC = 15V 50 TA = 25°C 20 10 5.0 2.0 1.0 10K 20K
100
VCC = 15V
50
TA
= 25°C
20
10
5.0
2.0
1.0
10K
20K
50K
100K
200K
500K
1.0M
% DT,PERCENT OUTPUTDEADRME

fOSC,OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (Hz)

Figure 3. Output Deadtime versus Oscillator Frequency

100 VCC = 15 V CT = 3.3 nF 90 TA = 25°C 80 Idischg
100
VCC = 15 V
CT = 3.3 nF
90
TA = 25°C
80
Idischg = 7.2 mA
70
60
50
Idischg
= 9.5 mA
40
800
1.0k
2.0k
3.0k
4.0k
6.0k
8.0k
Dmax , MAXIMUM OUTPUT DUTY CYCLE (%)

RT, TIMING RESISTOR (Ω)

Figure 5. Maximum Output Duty Cycle versus Timing Resistor

3.0V

2.5V

2.0V

VCC = 15 V AV = -1.0 TA = 25°C 20 mV/DIV
VCC = 15 V
AV = -1.0
TA = 25°C
20
mV/DIV

0.1 μs/DIV

Figure 7. Error Amp Large Signal Transient Response

V AV = -1.0 TA = 25°C 20 mV/DIV 0.1 μ s/DIV Figure 7. Error Amp

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

6

V AV = -1.0 TA = 25°C 20 mV/DIV 0.1 μ s/DIV Figure 7. Error Amp

UC3843

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUE)

100 0 1.2 VCC = 15 V VCC= 15V VO = 2.0 V to 4.0
100
0
1.2
VCC = 15 V
VCC= 15V
VO = 2.0 V to 4.0 V
80
30
1.0
Gain
RL = 100 K
TA = 25°C
60
60
0.8
TA= 25°C
40
90
0.6
TA = 125°C
Phase
20
120
0.4
TA= -55°C
0
150
0.2
-20
180
0
10
100
1.0k
10k
100k
1.0M
10M
0
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
AVOL, OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)
f, EXCESS PHASE (DEGREES)
Vth, CURRENT SENSE INPUT THRESHOLD (V)

f, FREQUENCY (Hz)

Figure 8. Error Amp Open Loop Gain and Phase versus Frequency

0 VCC=15V -4.0 -8.0 -12 -16 TA =125°C TA=-55°C -20 TA =25°C -24 0 20
0
VCC=15V
-4.0
-8.0
-12
-16
TA =125°C
TA=-55°C
-20
TA =25°C
-24
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
∆Vref , REFERENCE VOLTAGE CHANGE (mV)

Iref, REFERENCE SOURCE CURRENT (mA)

Figure 10. Reference Voltage Change versus Source Current

VO, ERROR AMP OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

Figure 9. Current Sense Input Threshold versus Error Amp Output Voltage

110 VCC = 15 V RL ≤ 0.1Ω 90 70 50 -55 -25 0 25
110
VCC =
15 V
RL ≤ 0.1Ω
90
70
50
-55
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
ISC,REFERENCE SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT(mA)

Figure 11. Reference Short Circuit Current versus Temperature

VCC = 15 V IO = 1.0 mA to 20 mA TA = 25°C 2.0
VCC = 15 V
IO = 1.0 mA to 20 mA
TA = 25°C
2.0 ms/DIV
∆VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV)

Figure 12. Reference Load Regulation

VCC =12V to 25V TA = 25°C 2.0 ms/DIV ∆VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV)
VCC =12V to 25V
TA = 25°C
2.0 ms/DIV
∆VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV)

Figure 13. Reference Line Regulation

TA = 25°C 2.0 ms/DIV ∆VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV) Figure 13. Reference Line Regulation Jun. 2008 Rev

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

7

TA = 25°C 2.0 ms/DIV ∆VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE(2.0mV/DIV) Figure 13. Reference Line Regulation Jun. 2008 Rev

UC3843

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS(CONTINUED)

0 Source Saturation VCC = 15V VCC (Load to Ground) 80 s Pulsed Load -1.0
0
Source Saturation
VCC = 15V
VCC
(Load to Ground) 80 s Pulsed Load
-1.0
TA = 25°C
120 Hz Rate
-2.0
TA =-55°C
3.0
TA =-55°C
2.0
TA =
25°C
1.0
Sink Saturation
(Load to VCC)
GND
0
0
200
400
600
800
Vsat,OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE(V)

IO, OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT (mA)

Figure 14. Output Saturation Voltage versus Load Current

VCC = 15V CL = 15pF TA = 25°C 100 ns/DIV ICC,SUPPLY CURRENT,VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE 100
VCC = 15V
CL
= 15pF
TA
= 25°C
100 ns/DIV
ICC,SUPPLY CURRENT,VO,OUTPUT VOLTAGE
100 mA/DIV
20 V/DIV

Figure 16. Output Cross Conduction

90%

10%

VCC = 15V CL = 1.0nF TA = 25°C
VCC = 15V
CL
= 1.0nF
TA
= 25°C

50 ns/DIV

Figure 15. Output Waveform

25 20 15 10 RT = 10K CT = 3.3nF VFB = 0V 5 ISense
25
20
15
10
RT = 10K
CT = 3.3nF
VFB
= 0V
5
ISense = 0V
TA = 25°C
0
ICC,SUPPLY CURRENT(mA)
UCX843A
UCX842A

VCC, SUPPLY VOLTAGE(V)

Figure 17. Supply Current versus Supply Voltage

CURRENT(mA) UCX843A UCX842A V CC , SUPPLY VOLTAGE(V) Figure 17. Supply Current versus Supply Voltage Jun.

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

8

CURRENT(mA) UCX843A UCX842A V CC , SUPPLY VOLTAGE(V) Figure 17. Supply Current versus Supply Voltage Jun.

UC3843

TYPICAL APPLICATION

R1 D6 L1 T1 5Ω 1W U9D946 VARO C1 R12 C9 C10 C11 117 VAC
R1
D6
L1
T1
5Ω 1W
U9D946
VARO
C1
R12
C9
C10
C11
117 VAC
VM 68
250μF
4.7kΩ
3300pF
N5
4700μF
4700μF
250V
2W
600V
NP
10V
10V
R2
D4
56kΩ 2W
D7
1N3613
UF81002
C12
R4
R3
D2
D3
N12
2200μF
4.7kΩ
20kΩ
1N3612
1N3612
16V
N12
C13
C2
R9
C4
2200μF
C3
100μF
68Ω
47μF
16V
22μF
2
7
25V
3W
25V
NC
R5 150 kΩ
D8
1
C14
UES1002
R7
UC3844
100 pF
22Ω
Q1
C8
8
6
UFN833
680pF
R6
R8
600V
10 kΩ
3
C5
4
5
1kΩ
R10
R11
0.01μF
R13
USD1120
D8
C7
C6
0.55Ω
2.7kΩ
20kΩ
1N3613
470pF
0.0022μF
1W
2W

+6V

COM

+12V

±12V COM

−12V

D8 C7 C6 0.55Ω 2.7kΩ 20kΩ 1N3613 470pF 0.0022μF 1W 2W +6V COM +12V ±12V COM

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

9

D8 C7 C6 0.55Ω 2.7kΩ 20kΩ 1N3613 470pF 0.0022μF 1W 2W +6V COM +12V ±12V COM

UC3843

4C

PHYSICAL PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS DIMENSIONS

SOP8L

A3 A1 A2 θ1 θ4 R2 θ2 A R1 B2 D1 B1 C2 C1 C
A3
A1
A2
θ1
θ4
R2
θ2
A
R1
B2
D1
B1
C2
C1
C
C3
B
θ3

D

Symbol

Dimension(mm)

Symbol

Dimension(mm)

Min

Max

Min

Max

A

4.95

5.15

C3

0.05

0.20

A1

0.37

0.47

C4

0.20(TYP)

A2

1.27(TYP)

D

1.05(TYP)

A3

0.41(TYP)

D1

0.40

0.60

B

5.80

6.20

R1

0.07(TYP)

B1

3.80

4.00

R2

0.07(TYP)

B2

5.0(TYP)

B2 5.0(TYP) 1 17 (TYP)

1

17

17

(TYP)

C

1.30

1.50

C 1.30 1.50 2 13 (TYP)

2

13

(TYP)

C1

0.55

0.65

C1 0.55 0.65 3 4 (TYP)

3

4 (TYP)

C2

0.55

0.65

C2 0.55 0.65 4 12 (TYP)

4

12

(TYP)

2 13 (TYP) C1 0.55 0.65 3 4 (TYP) C2 0.55 0.65 4 12 (TYP) Jun.

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

10

2 13 (TYP) C1 0.55 0.65 3 4 (TYP) C2 0.55 0.65 4 12 (TYP) Jun.

UC3843

C4

DIP8L

A B
A
B
A5 A1 A3 A4 A2 C C1 C2 C3
A5
A1
A3
A4
A2
C
C1
C2
C3

D2

θ1 θ2 θ3 D1 D
θ1
θ2
θ3
D1
D

Symbol

Dimension(mm)

Symbol

Dimension(mm)

Min

Max

Min

Max

A

9.30

9.50

C2

 

0.5(TYP)

A1

1.524(TYP)

C3

 

3.3(TYP)

A2

0.39

0.53

C4

1.57(TYP)

A3

2.54(TYP)

D

8.20

8.80

A4

0.66(TYP)

D1

0.20

0.35

A5

0.99(TYP)

D2

7.62

7.87

B

6.3

6.5

B 6.3 6.5 1 8 (TYP)

1

8

(TYP)B 6.3 6.5 1 8

C

7.20(TYP)

C 7.20 (TYP) 2 8 (TYP)

2

8

(TYP)C 7.20 (TYP) 2 8

C1

3.30

3.50

C1 3.30 3.50 3 5 (TYP)

3

5

(TYP)C1 3.30 3.50 3 5

1 8 (TYP) C 7.20 (TYP) 2 8 (TYP) C1 3.30 3.50 3 5 (TYP) Jun.

Jun. 2008

Rev 1.0

11

1 8 (TYP) C 7.20 (TYP) 2 8 (TYP) C1 3.30 3.50 3 5 (TYP) Jun.