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Telephone

Transmitter
This low cost
telephone trans-
mitter can trans- The complete schematic of the telephone bug is shown
in Fig.1. This circuit connects in parallel with the telephone line.
mit voice signals Power for the circuit is full wave bridge rectified from the phone
in FM band up line by diodes D1 through D4. When the telephone receiver is
on hook the voltage across the lines will be about 48 volts. At
to about 200me- this voltage the Zener diode D5 will be in breakdown and the
ters. This can be transistor Q1 will conduct. This makes the transistor Q2 OFF.
heard on any or- When the receiver is off hook, the line voltage drops to about
12 volts. This makes the transistor Q1 OFF and subsequently
dinary Fm radio. the Q2 ON. The Q2 in switched ON condition will provide a DC
The rated power path for the transistor Q3 in the FM transmitter section. The
transmitter section is actually a small FM transmitter that can
of the trans-
be turned to a vacant spot on your Fm radio. In the FM frequen-
mitter is about cy range, only a small antenna is needed to radiate a usable
10mW. One of signal through out a building. Its range is 50 to 100 feet with a
10cm antenna. The range can be increased by using a longer
the most impor- antenna. Transistor Q3 oscillate at a signal frequency which is
tant features of determined by turned circuit L1, C6, VC and the inter electrode
capacitance of the transistor. Capacitor C7 provides the need-
this project is the
ed positive feed back from the collector to the emitter for the
use of standard circuit to oscillate. The audio signals applied to the base of Q3
components. cause collector current to vary at an audio rate and modulate
the oscillator output. This type of modulation produces both FM
and AM, but AM are rejected by the discriminator and limiters
in the FM receiver and cause no problem. The collector current
variations in turn vary the transistor’s output capacitance. This
By Devadas capacitance is part of the turned circuit and varies the frequen-
cy of the output signal which is coupled to the antenna by C9.
Circuit Diagram

R4
D5 22K
18V C2 C3 C6
100n 10u 33p VC ANT
L1
R1 R2 R5 4T

2-22p
100K 47K 470K
R8
D1-D4 39K C9
1N4007x4 15p

Audio >
Q2
BC547
Q1 R7 C4 C7 C8
Phone Line 10p 68p
BC547 100K 100n Q3
BF494

R3 C1 R6 C5 R9
22K 10u 33K 1n 470R

L1 = 4Turns, 22swg copper wire, 3mm air core


Fig:1 ANT = 10 to 80cm Copper wire

PARTS LIST

Transistors R5- 470K C9- 15p ceramic-disc


Q1,Q2- BC547 R6- 33K
Q3- BF494 or 2N2222 R8- 39K Additional parts
R9- 470R L1- 4Turns, 22SWG Copper wire,
Diodes 3mm air core
D1-D4- 1N4007 CAPACITORS VC- Trimmer Capacitor
D5- 18V Zener Diode C1,C3- 10uF 63V electrolytic ANT- 10 to 80cm copper wire
C2,C4- 100n ceramic-disc
RESISTORS C5- 1n ceramic-disc
R1,R7- 100K C6- 33p ceramic-disc
R2- 47K C7- 10p ceramic-disc
R3,R4- 22K C8- 68p ceramic-disc
PCB DESIGN

C3 C2 R4 R5 R2 D1 D2
+
VC
R8 D5
C6 C8
L1 R7 Q2 Q1 R1 PHONE LINE
E
C7 E E
Q3 C4 R6 R3
C9 C5 +
C1
R9
ANT D4 D3

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