Sunteți pe pagina 1din 70

UNIVERSITATEA TRANSILVANIA DIN BRAŞOV FACULTATEA DE DREPT

LIMBAJ JURIDIC LIMBA ENGLEZA IV

SUPORT DE CURS REDACTAT ÎN TEHNOLOGIE ID

ASIST.UNIV.DR. CRISTINA VALCEA

AN II, SEMESTRUL II

2014

Introducere

Acest curs se adreseaza studentilor de la Facultatea de Drept din anul II, semestrul II. Cursul se doreste a fi o introducere a studentilor in tainele englezei de specialitate prin exercitii practice care vizeaza imbunatatirea cunostintelor lor de engleza aferenta domeniului lor.

cunostintelor lor de engleza aferenta domeniului lor. Obiectivele cursului  Cursul urmareste activarea

Obiectivele cursului

Cursul urmareste activarea cunostintelor anterioare si consolidarea acestora prin expunerea studentilor la o varietate de activitati care le va asigura o imbunatatire a cunostintelor de engleza de specialitate.

Competenţe conferite imbunatatire a cunostintelor de engleza de specialitate.     Studentii vor fi capabili sa

Studentii vor fi capabili sa citeasca si sa inteleaga un text de specialitate.

Studentii vor fi capabili sa ofere scurte prezentari de specialitate in limba engleza

Studentii vor fi capabili sa redacteze scurte texte de specialitate in care sa reuneasca toate abilitatile pe care le-au acumulat pe parcursul semestrului

Resurse şi mijloace de lucru Resurse

Pentru o buna desfasurare a activitatii, studentii vor avea acest manual care le va oferi informatiile necesare acumularii de informatii;

Este recomandabil sa detina si sa lucreze cu un dictionar roman-englez, englez-roman care le va permite un acces mai mare la informatiile din manual;

Activitatile vor avea atat un caracter colectiv cat si individual, dandu-le astfel posibilitatea de a lucra atat la scoala cat si

acasa Structura cursului o Cursul contine 3 module – Fiecare modul va fi compus din

acasa

Structura cursului

o Cursul contine 3 module

Fiecare modul va fi compus din 6 unitati de invatare, tinand cont ca fiecare unitate de invatamant trebuie parcursa in 23 ore.

Manualul este prevazut cu trei teme de control.

Dat fiind faptul ca manualul contine trei module, la sfarsitul fiecarui modul exista o tema de control, deci in total trei teme de control.

Temele de control vor fi predate la sfarsitul semestrului si vor face parte din evaluarea finala, avand o pondere de 50%.

Cerinţe preliminare Este foarte important ca studentii sa fi studiat limba straina pe parcursul a cel putin Este foarte important ca studentii sa fi studiat limba straina pe parcursul a cel putin doua module pentru a se acomoda atat cu limba de predare cat si cu informatiile furnizate in material.

Discipline deservite

- Limba straina insasi.

Durata medie de studiu individual Pentru parcurgerea unei unitati de invatare estimam ca timpul necesar este de 2 – 3 Pentru parcurgerea unei unitati de invatare estimam ca timpul necesar este de 23 ore de studiu individual. Aceasta conduce la un numar total de 18 ore.

Evaluareaindividual. Aceasta conduce la un numar total de 18 ore. – ponderea evaluării finale (colocviu) este

ponderea evaluării finale (colocviu) este de 50% din nota finala

ponderea evaluărilor pe parcurs (teme de control) este de 50%

Cuprins

Pentru cursurile structurate pe MODULE Introducere Chestionar evaluare prerechizite Modulul I. FIELD OF LAW

Cuprins Unitatea de învăţare I.1 Field of I.1.1. Introducere I.1.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.2 Divorce I.2.1. Introducere I.2.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.3 I.3.1. Introducere I.3.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.4 Anti-Gun I.4.1. Introducere I.4.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.5 Future I.5.1. Introducere I.5.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.6 Comparison of I.1.1. Introducere I.1.2. Competenţe

Temă de control

Modulul II. CRIME AND OFFENCE

Cuprins Modulul II.Crime and Offence Introducere Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.1.Crime and Offence II.1.1. Introducere II.1.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.2.Crime and Punishment II.2.1. Introducere II.2.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.3.Death Penalty II.3.1. Introducere II.3.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.4.The passive voice II.4.1. Introducere II.4.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.5.Countable and uncountable nouns II.5.1. Introducere II.5.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.6.Expresions of Quantity II.6.1. Introducere II.6.2. Competenţe

Temă de control

Modulul III. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Cuprins Modulul III Crime and Punishment Introducere

Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare III.1 Crime and III.1.1. Introducere III.1.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.2 III.2.1. Introducere III.2.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.3 Relative pronouns and III.3.1. Introducere III.3.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.4 One word-two III.4.1. Introducere III.4.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.5 Reported III.5.1. Introducere III.5.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.2 Crimes and III.2.1. Introducere III.2.2. Competenţe

Temă de control

Bibliografie

Chestionar evaluare prerechizite

Part 1

Questions 1 6 Read the following extract from a reference book on contracts. Choose the best word or phrase to fill each gap from A, B, C or D below. For each question 1 6, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet. There is an example at the beginning (0).

4.2 Incapacity in General

Even though individuals differ markedly in their ability to represent their own

 

interests in the bargaining process, a person is generally (0) power to bind himself contractually. Only in extreme (1)

to have full is one’s power

regarded as impaired because of an inability to participate meaningfully in the

bargaining process. One whose power is so impaired is said to lack capacity to contract

and is (2)

to special rules that allow him to avoid the contracts that he makes

in order to protect him from his own improvident acts.

 

Two principal kinds of defects are today (3)

 

as impairing the power to

contract: immaturity and mental infirmity. In the past, the common law regarded a

woman’s marriage as (4)

 

her of her separate legal identity, including the

capacity to contract, during the life of her husband. (5)

, this disability was

largely removed by statutes (6)

 

in the nineteenth century.

 

1 stages

A

 

B

junctures

C

occasions

D

circumstances

2 subject

A

 

B

conditional

C

liable

D

open

3 granted

A

 

B

recognized

C

conceded

D

appreciated

 

A

4 depriving

B

debarring

C

dissolving

D

dismissing

 

A

5 For example

B

In particular

C

However

D

Consequently

6 realized

A

 

B

ruled

C

legislated

D

enacted

Questions 7 12 Read the following extract from a rental contract. Choose the best word to fill each gap from A, B, C or D below.

For each question 7 12, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet. PROVISION FOR LATE CHARGES UNDER LEASE

Tenant acknowledges that late payment of rent will cause Landlord to (7) costs not contemplated by this Lease, the exact amount of which will be

extremely difficult to (8)

These costs include, but are not (9)

to,

processing and accounting charges, and late charges which may be (10)

on

Landlord by the terms of any Superior Leases and Mortgages. Accordingly, if any

installment of Monthly Rent or payment of additional rent is not received by Landlord

, Tenant

shall pay to Landlord a late charge equal to ten per cent of said amount. Acceptance of

or Landlord’s designee within fourteen days after the amount is (11)

late charges by Landlord shall not constitute a waiver of Tenant’s default with respect

 

to said amount, nor prevent Landlord from (12) remedies granted hereunder or at law or in equity.

 

any of the other rights and

7

 

A derive

B

acquire

C

collect

D

incur

8

 

A affirm

B

classify

C

ascertain

D

locate

9

 

A contained

B

limited

C

held

D

bound

10

 

A imposed

B

dictated

C

obliged

D

required

11

 

A owing

B

scheduled

C

due

D

unpaid

12

 

A practising

B

exercising

C

commanding

D

undertaking

Questions 13 22 Read the following extract from a journal article about competition. Think of the best word to fill each gap.

For each question 13 22, write one word in CAPITAL LETTERS on your answer sheet. There is an example at the beginning (0). PRINCIPLES OF COMPETITION

Invariably in every law (0)

Commercial Agents Regulations are no exception. Ten cases concerning the Regulations have

of them has concerned the provisions

part this can

be attributed (15)

a great effect on agency law that the non-compete provisions may seem to pale into

insignificance. But principals who overlook these regulations (17)

It has always (18)

agency contract. The most important consideration here is whether a provision of this nature

might be void (19) trade. (20)

extremely harsh in terms (21) quite lenient, the question of (23) hard to resolve. In practice, (24)

the restriction, the greater the chance of enforceability.

open to a principal to include a non-compete provision in an

reached the UK courts since 1994, but (13)

which deal with an agent competing against his or her principal. (14)

the fact that the other provisions of the Regulations have had (16)

are provisions which tend to be overlooked. The

so at their peril.

a result of infringing the common law doctrine of restraint of

it is fairly easy to determine the legality of restrictions which are either

their geographical extent and duration (22) to treat a moderate non-compete provision can be that can be said with certainty is that the narrower

Modulul I. FIELD OF LAW

Cuprins Unitatea de învăţare I.1 Field of I.1.1. Introducere I.1.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.2 Divorce I.2.1. Introducere I.2.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.3 I.3.1. Introducere I.3.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.4 Anti-Gun I.4.1. Introducere I.4.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.5 Future I.5.1. Introducere I.5.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare I.6 Comparison of I.1.1. Introducere I.1.2. Competenţe Temă de control

Introducere This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers in their professinal development. The module contains 6 units, each addressing one important domain

Competenţe After this unit you will know much more about the field of law. You will After this unit you will know much more about the field of law. You will also be able to use Future forms better and easier.

Unitatea de învăţare I.1. FIELD OF LAW

Unitatea de învăţare I.1. FIELD OF LAW I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the practice and

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the practice and expansion of vocabulary and phrases associated with describing the field of law.

I.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will use expressions belonging to the field of

law.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple lawyer (both) counselor (AE) advocate

Exemple

lawyer (both)

counselor

(AE)

advocate (BE: Scotland)

attorney

(AE)

solicitor (BE)

barrister

(BE: England)

counsel

(both)

OVERVIEW OF THE LEGAL PROFESSION Try this practice for basic description of roles and tasks within the legal field. 1 Label the following as British English (BE) or American English (AE). Some could be both British and American.(AE) solicitor (BE) barrister (BE: England) counsel (both) * lawyer * counsellor * advocate * attorney

* lawyer

* counsellor

* advocate

* attorney

*

solicitor

* barrister

*

counsel

2

Circle the words to combine with law to describe major areas of legal practice.

company

relevant

state

corporate

market

target

cooperative

finance

criminal

regulation

labour

common

real

contract

tax

copyright

development

public

3 Underline the appropriate words or phrases to finish these sentences.

►Law forms/firms offer complete legal services for domestic and international clientele/customers. ►Lawyers draw up/decide on documents such as contracts, deeds/drafts and wills/warranties. ►They typically alternate/ arbitrate problems and disputes between players/parties. Lawyers can fold/file a case of wrong-doing where someone wants to sue/to sew for a cash settlement. ►When a person doesn’t want to talk directly to the other, attorneys often speak in spite of/on behalf of someone.

4 Using words and phrases from the above exercises, write 3-4 sentences about your roles and tasks within the legal field.

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the types of lega l vocabulary we have looked at Let’s remember the types of legal vocabulary we have looked at

Rezumat We have dealt with legal vocabulary. We have dealt with legal vocabulary.

Unitatea de învăţare I.2. DIVORCE

I.X.1. Introducere This unit presents the actions involved in a divorce case This unit presents the actions involved in a divorce case

I.X.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare I.X. After this unit you will know much more about the divorce and about the actions After this unit you will know much more about the divorce and about the actions that are regularly taken in such cases

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. 3 ore.

Vocabulary: Talking about relationships. Look at these expressions about John and Cristina. Which ones indicate that they are in a happy relationship, and which expressions indicate that they are in an unhappy relationship? Write H for happy and U for unhappy next to each sentence. Their relationship is on the rocks. They are still in a honeymoon period. They aren’t getting along very well. They’re going through a rough patch. They can’t see enough of each other. She can’t put up with him anymore. They’re going (their) separate ways. They stick together through thick and thin.

Divorce Case: Ford vs. Ford Imagine you are judges. YOU are responsible for divorce cases where the husband and wife cannot agree. Today you have been presented with another difficult case: Ford vs.Ford. Read about the case below.

Cristina Ford Cristina Ford is a forty-year-old advertising executive. She works very long hours and earns a lot of money. Since their daughter Olivia was born four years ago, Cristina has worked and supported the family.

John Ford John Ford is an unemployed forty-two year old man. He worked for many years in a bookshop. At the moment he is trying to write a novel. He stopped working when their daughter Olivia was born, and has stayed at home to take care of her for the past four years.

The Divorce

John and Cristina got married ten years ago. They began to have problems in their marriage after Olivia was born. They have decided to get divorced, but are now very angry with one another.

Cristina wants:

-bedroom house in a nice part of town.
-bedroom house in a nice part of town.

refuses to give John any money at all. She does not want any money from John. John can see his daughter every two weeks and have her for the summer holidays.

John wants:

two weeks and have her for the summer holidays. John wants: family house in the city

family house in the city and share the money. He also wants Cristina to pay $1000 a month for child support. Cristina can see her daughter every two weeks and have her for the summer holidays. John also wants $25 000 compensation because he feels he sacrificed his work to raise Olivia.

Now discuss with the other judges in your group. You must come to a decision and make some clear recommendations. Write your recommendations here:

When you have written your recommendations, consult with another group of judges. Did you agree on what should be done? Then turn the page and look at the discussion questions on divorce.

Să ne reamintim Let’s re member the actions to be taken in a divorce Let’s remember the actions to be taken in a divorce

Rezumat This unit introduces the actions to be taken in a divorce This unit introduces the actions to be taken in a divorce

. Unitatea de învăţare I.3.CONTRACTS

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the nature of the contracts, the elements of the

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the nature of the contracts, the elements of the contracts, the parties of the contracts

I.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will know more about the nature of the At the end of this unit students will know more about the nature of the contracts, the elements of the contracts, the parties of the contracts

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. the elements of the contracts, the parties of the contracts Exemple What do you know about

Exemple What do you know about a making an offer? A contract is a legal

Exemple What do you know about a making an offer? A contract is a legal agreement between two or more parties that is binding in law

agreement between two or more parties that is binding in law Stage 1 Read these questions

Stage 1 Read these questions and see if you can complete the answers using the words below:uress intention consideration unilateral implied legal capacity

1.

How many elements are there in the formation of a contract, and what are they?

There are three elements. They are …

2.

What else is important to the parties when a contract is formed?

The parties must have …

3.

What types of terms does a contract consist of?

They are either …

4.

When can a contract be cancelled?

If it has been induced by …

5.

What rule covers third parties rights under a contract?

The rule of …

6.

How many classes of contracts are there, and what are they?

Essentially there are two classes. They are …

Stage 2 Now put each half of these conversations together - they illustrate the vocabulary in Stage 1:

1.

Have you seen this? We’ve just had an

offer for our house in London. What

should we do?

2.

It’s got to be a unilateral contract.

and consideration only has to be

sufficient, it doesn’t have to be adequate

3.

I know we have a contract but if you

don’t agree to pay me more, I won’t deliver the next consignment.

4.

Everybody knows he’s an alcoholic.

How can he have been legally capable of

signing that contract?

5.

I’m glad we were able to reach a

bilateral agreement

6.

I’m sorry; I made a mistake about the

car.

7.

As a landlord, you should know that you

have to look after the stairs and lift in the property. It’s not in the agreement

8.

You sold that painting for only £600. It’s

worth at least twice that!

9.

Did you hear what happened to that

poor woman who was married to a man

who had financial problems and went to see her bank manager for help? 10. It’s very important you understand this term of the contract about packaging as it cannot be changed. Do you?

11.

You still owe my daughter for the

jewellery she sold you, don’t you? Give me the money now and I’ll pass it on to her.

12.

I only said I might be interested in

selling my boat

a.

He told her the only way he could help

her husband was for her to sign a loan on

a house that she owned, and she believed him. This sounds like undue influence.

b.

Yes, I know, but I never really liked it

Well, I’m afraid you aren’t a party to our contract. The rule of privity of contract means unfortunately you don’t have any rights. I’ll pay her directly.

c.

d.

I think we should accept. We have an

agreement and all we need to do is ask our lawyer to draw up the contract as quickly as possible

e.

I know. They took him out to lunch, got

him drunk and of course he had no idea what he was signing!

f.

You can’t do that. I already have agreed

to sell the order on. That’s duress and it’ll cost me a lot of money.

g.

It seems as though you have no

intention in getting rid of it so there’s no

point in even trying to agree a price.

h.

I didn’t realise my wife had sold the car

yesterday. The contract we sold is void.

i.

Yes, it’s an express term. It’s very

unusual. I’ve never seen a term like this

before.

j.

It’s a well-established principle so it’s an implied term.

k.

Although we never signed anything you

offered a reward to anyone if they found

your camera – and I’ve got it here! l. Yes, if you agree to buy my products at the price we’ve agreed, I can start delivery next week.

Write your answers here:

1

- 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 -

7

- j 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 -

Stage 3 An agreement is made when one party - the offeror - makes a genuine offer to the other party - the offeree - and it is accepted

Look at this situation:

Smith wanted to buy a van for his business and Jones offered to sell him one. The understanding was that a certain amount would be paid in cash, and ‘the balance of the purchase price can be paid on credit terms over a period of two years’. Smith accepted, but Jones refused to supply the van. Smith sued, but Jones claimed that that the contract was not certain as it was not possible for a reasonable man to know what exactly had been agreed.

Is it a genuine offer? Does it fulfil the requirements of an offer? communicated in writing, orally or by conduct so that the other party may accept or reject it made to a particular person, a group of persons or to the whole world contains clear, definite and specific terms made with serious intention

What’s your opinion? …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………

Stage 4

An offer is a statement by one of the parties that shows willingness to contract on specific terms - if accepted it will become immediately binding.

 

The Courts have recognised situations which are not binding offers: these are a called ‘invitations to treat’.

Which of these situations is an invitation to treat and which of these is a genuine offer?

 

If someone is inviting offers or indicates that they are willing to enter into negotiations but is not prepared to be bound immediately and can accept or reject any offer made this is called an invitation to treat.

A. The Ministry invites offers for the supply of books for use in its schools.

B. Try one of our anti-flu pills – we’ll pay you a £100 if you take them and still catch the flu!

C. ‘How much am I offered for this painting?’

 

D. The cheapest in town Come to our shop and see our selection of

mobile phones – our prices start at £50 Case A Case Bfers Invitations to treat Stage 5 Now, complete this text about contracts and offers using some of the

vocabulary you have read so far:

A contract can be

1

or bilateral. If it is a bilateral contract, the parties

have duties to each other; however in a unilateral contract one party

2

 

to do something in return for an act of the other. Some advertisements are considered by the courts to be

 

3

contracts

as it has been held that an offer can be made to the whole world.

If an offer is made by an offeror to the other party,

4

and is accepted

by them, then there is an

5

To be

6

, it must be on specific

terms, and one party must show

7

to contract, however if they are not

prepared accept any offer immediately then this is an

 

8

This could be a price ticket in a

9

as the courts have ruled that they

are not bound to sell at the price and the

10

cannot demand to buy it.

Stage 7 What are the elements of a contract in your country and when is an agreement binding? Do you have the concept of invitations to treat in your contractual system? If so, under what circumstances do they exist? How is your contract law developed and changed? Are there any significant differences between your system of contract law regarding offers and English law?

Să ne reamintim Let’s re member about all the details related to contracts  

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember about all the details related to contracts

 
Rezumat This unit introduces all the details related to contracts

Rezumat This unit introduces all the details related to contracts

Unitatea de învăţare I.4. ANTI-GUN MISSION

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the reading of a text that deals with a shooting in This unit deals with the reading of a text that deals with a shooting in America

I.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will be more familiarized with the legal shooting At the end of this unit students will be more familiarized with the legal shooting vocabulary

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. will be more familiarized with the legal shooting vocabulary Să ne reamintim Let’s remember t he

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Să ne reamintim Let’s remember t

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the names of the dimensions he names of the dimensions

Rezumat This unit introduces the dimensions that are very useful for the engineering students. This unit introduces the dimensions that are very useful for the engineering students.

Unitatea de învăţare I.5. FUTURE FORMS

Unitatea de învăţare I. 5. FUTURE FORMS I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the expression and

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the expression and use of future forms in English

I.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will learn how to use future forms and At the end of this unit students will learn how to use future forms and will adapt the forms to appropriate contexts.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de parcurgere a prime

parcurgere a prime i unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple We use different future

Exemple

We use different future forms (Present simple & continuous, Will future, Going to future, Future continuous and Future perfect) to describe events that are likely to happen in the near or distant future. Here are a few examples (I’m seeing my doctor next week. She’s having a meeting later in the afternoon. The match starts at 7 o’clock tonight. When does the sun rise tomorrow? I’ll have a cup of coffee, please. They’ll go on holiday to Hawaii. She won’t accept the job because the salary is too low. I’m going to buy a new car when I save enough money. She’s going to have a baby soon. Before the exam I’ll be studying a lot. When will you have finished that report?).

I. Answer the following questions: What are your plans for this weekend? I’ll go out

I. Answer the following questions:

What are your plans for this weekend? I’ll go out with my friends; we are going to have agood time. On Sunday I’m seeing my old friend and we will be having a picnic together. When is your next birthday? What will you be doing tonight? Will you be watching TV? Where are you going to spend your next holiday? Will you buy a new car soon? Do you happen to know when the sun rises tomorrow? When will you have finished this school? Who will you be working for in 5 years’ time? What position will you have in the company? What sort of things, do you think, you will be doing as part of your job? What will you have achieved by 2020? What changes will have taken place in your personal life by then?

II. Make predictions what life will be like in the future 50 or 100 years from now. For example: We will all use flying cars. We will develop new drugs which will heal or even prevent all illnesses.

III. Complete the conversation below (it takes place at a construction site) with the correct expressions from the list:

won’t be able to start work won’t be able to get our lorries Will the site be ready will have to widen the door

won’t let you come to work won’t have to widen the road will not be able to start work it will be

Jim: OK, let’s get over this one more time. Will the site be ready for us to start work

tomorrow? Joe: Bob says

Jim: If they haven’t prepared the site, we time and that means unexpected costs. Joe: We gave clear instruction. Bob says everything is ready. Jim: What about access to the site? If they haven’t taken down the fence, we to the site.

Joe: Don’t worry. It’s been done already. So we don’t need any specific tools because we Jim: What about the door? Joe: The door?

Jim: We plan. And if we can’t get the compressor in, we time.

Joe: But can they do it? Jim: They’ll have to. But don’t worry so much. It’ll be OK. If you are so worried

about everything, I

and he’s in charge.

on

to get the compressor in. It was in the

on

tomorrow.

IV. The export manager of an agricultural machinery company is talking to his assistant about the business trip he’s going to take. Put the verbs in the conversation in the correct future form:

Nancy: I’ve booked your flight and hotels for your visit to Vietnam next Friday. You are leaving (leave) at 6.30 a.m. and that means you (arrive) there late in the afternoon. Jason: What about hotels?

Nancy: You

(stay) at the Marriott for the first two nights. You (have to) take a taxi from the airport. Your first meeting is on (see) Mr. Chin from the Ministry of

Agriculture at 10 o’clock.

Jason:

Monday and you

(I need) any vaccinations? (ask) our Health Directorate and I

Nancy: I’m not sure. I

(let) you know as soon as possible. Jason: What about the rest?

Nancy: Your next meeting is on Monday afternoon. You (meet) Mr. Jin of the Vietnamese Agricultural Association. Jason: And on Tuesday?

Nancy: Then you

the manager of Tractors, Ltd. I’ve arranged a table for the two of you in the local

restaurant. Jason: Anything else? Nancy: No, that about covers it. Jason: Please let me know about the vaccinations as soon as possible so I (able) to make the doctor’s appointment. Nancy: We’ll do, don’t worry.

(have) another meeting with Mr. Ly Tien,

V. Fill in the correct future form:

Dear Jane,

Why don’t you come with us to Yorkshire? It’s all arranged. Jo is coming (come) to my house at six so we can go to the station together. The train (not leave) until 6.45, but we don’t want to be late. It

(stop) a lot on the way so it arrive) until three in the afternoon. I imagine we tired by the time we get there. We

we

We can catch a bus on the way from the station, but it

(have) to walk the last two miles from

go) all the way, so we the village. We

beautiful spot with lots to see. On the way back we need to set off early as there’s

only one bus and it

much faster so it arrives just after lunch. As you can see we have everything planned and organised. I hope you

(not (get) quite (stay) in a youth hostel and

(not

(spend ) five days there.

(have) breakfast and dinner at the youth hostel. It’s in a

(leave) at 8.30. The train back is

(change) your mind and join us.

Write soon.

Love,

Emily

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the use of future formsRezumat This unit introduces the future forms that are very useful for the engineering students.

Rezumat This unit introduces the future forms that are very useful for the engineering students.Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the use of future forms Unitatea de învăţare I.6. COMPARISON OF

Unitatea de învăţare I.6. COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

I.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the expression and use of adjectives in English This unit deals with the expression and use of adjectives in English

I.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will learn how to use adjectives and will At the end of this unit students will learn how to use adjectives and will adapt the forms to appropriate contexts.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. At the end of this unit students will learn how to use adjectives and will adapt

Exemple When we talk about distances, dimensions … we very often have to compare things,

Exemple

When we talk about distances, dimensions … we very often have to compare things, items or characteristics: we can do this with suffixes (long longer than the longest, easy easier the easiest, big bigger the biggest; good better the best, bad worse the worst, far further, the furthest) or (with longer adjectives) we use more and the most (difficult more difficult the most difficult).

(difficult – more difficult – the most difficult). I. Can you complete these sentences with the

I. Can you complete these sentences with the correct form of an appropriate adjective? Sometimes there are different possibilities. My brother is the tallest in our family. He’s 198.

The BMW was the

I don’t have much money so I’ll choose the

These days everything is so Bananas were the the melon.

than usually.

Last night I was very tired so I went to bed

Their house is the This box is just too

car in their showroom.

hotel for my holiday. Yesterday I bought some fruit.

than

while the grapes were

in our street. It won’t fit into the car.

II. Compare the characteristics of three means of transport below (use adjectives:

fast, expensive, cheap, heavy…):

below (use adjectives: fast, expensive, cheap, heavy…): Price: €150 €1,560 €45,000 Weight: 15 kg 80 kg
below (use adjectives: fast, expensive, cheap, heavy…): Price: €150 €1,560 €45,000 Weight: 15 kg 80 kg
below (use adjectives: fast, expensive, cheap, heavy…): Price: €150 €1,560 €45,000 Weight: 15 kg 80 kg

Price: €150 €1,560 €45,000 Weight: 15 kg 80 kg 1,340 kg Top speed: 85 km/h 185 km/h 240km/h Length: 195 cm 245 cm 5,485 cm

Width: 35 cm 45 cm 2,450 cm Example: The BMW is the most expensive and the bicycle is the cheapest. Do you have your own motorbike or a car? Can you describe it? SHORT REVISION

1. Explain the difference between cardinal and ordinal numbers.

2. Write your birth date in Roman numbers.

3. Can you divide the shapes into two- and three-dimensional?

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the comparison of adjectives the comparison of adjectives

Rezumat We revised the comparison of adjectives.ne reamintim Let’s remember the comparison of adjectives Modulul II. CRIME AND OFFENCE Cuprins Modulul II.Crime

Modulul II. CRIME AND OFFENCE

Cuprins Modulul II.Crime and Offence Introducere Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.1.Crime and Offence II.1.1. Introducere

II.1.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.2.Crime and Punishment II.2.1. Introducere II.2.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.3.Death Penalty II.3.1. Introducere II.3.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.4.The passive voice II.4.1. Introducere II.4.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.5.Countable and uncountable nouns II.5.1. Introducere II.5.2. Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare II.6.Expresions of Quantity II.6.1. Introducere II.6.2. Competenţe

Temă de control

Introducere This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers in their professinal development. The module contains 6 units, each addressing one important domain

Competenţe After this unit you will have a more detailed knowledge about crime and punishments After this unit you will have a more detailed knowledge about crime and punishments

Unitatea de învăţare II.1. CRIME OR OFFENCE

Unitatea de învăţare II.1. CRIME OR OFFENCE II.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the knowledge of

II.1.1. Introducere This unit deals with the knowledge of crime

II.1.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II At the end of this unit students will understand what offences are At the end of this unit students will understand what offences are

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de

Match crime or offence from the left column with its definition from the right column. Be warned, it only looks easy…

Match the crimes and offenses with the definitions.

Crime or

Definition

offense

Arson

1 is taking a person away by force and keeping them prisoner, usually in order to demand money for their safe return.

Assassination

2 is bad or improper behavior by a person in a position of authority or trust, such as a doctor, dentist, police officer, et.

Assault

3 is the serious crime of stealing large amounts of money from a bank, a shop or a vehicle, often using force or threats of violence.

Blackmail

4 is stealing things from people's pockets or handbags,

 

usually in crowds or in public places.

Bribery and

5 is the crime of copying things such as banknotes, letters, official documents, etc. in order to deceive people.

corruption

Burglary

6 is saying something untrue about someone with the intention of damaging his or her reputation.

Drug trafficking

7 is killing a person by accident or negligence.

Embezzlement

8 is deliberately damaging public buildings and other public property, usually just for the fun of it.

Forgery

9 is forcing someone to have sex with you.

Fraud

10 is offering money or gifts to someone in a position of authority, e.g. a government official, in order to persuade them to help you in some way.

Hijacking

11 is the crime of deliberately setting fire to a building.

Kidnapping

12 is the crime of lying in court while giving evidence when you have promised to tell the truth.

Libel

13 is taking control of an airplane, train, etc. by force, usually in order to make political demands.

Looting

14 is the crime of taking things or people illegally into or out of a country.

Manslaughter

15 is killing a person deliberately.

Misconduct

16 is murdering a public figure such as a king, a president, etc.

Mugging

17 is demanding money or favors from someone by threatening to reveal a secret about them which, if made public, could cause the person embarrassment and harm

Murder

18 is entering privately owned land or property without the permission of the owner.

Perjury

19 is deliberately taking goods from a shop without paying for them.

Pick-pocketing

20 is attacking someone, usually in a public place, in order to rob him or her.

Pilfering

21 is stealing money that is placed in your care, often over a period of time.

Rape

22 is trading illegal drugs such as heroin, cannabis, cocaine, LSD, etc.

Robbery

23 is the crime of getting money from someone by tricking or deceiving them.

Shoplifting

24 is the crime of betraying your own country by helping its enemies.

Slander

25 is the crime of physically attacking someone.

Smuggling

26 is stealing small amount of goods or things of little value, often over a long period of time.

Terrorism

27 is printing or publishing something which is untrue and damages another person's reputation in some way.

Theft

28 is stealing, especially in large quantities, often causing widespread damage.

Treason

29 is the crime of breaking into a house, a flat, etc. in order to steal things.

Trespassing

30 is the use of violence or the threat of violence to obtain political demands.

Vandalism

31 is the crime of stealing.

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember what offences are and exemplify them . Let’s remember what offences are and exemplify them.

Rezumat We have dealt with elements of criminal law We have dealt with elements of criminal law

Unitatea de învăţare II.2. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Unitatea de învăţare II.2. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT II.2.1. Introducere This unit presents the crimes that are

II.2.1. Introducere This unit presents the crimes that are mostly used.

I.2.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare I.2 After this unit you will know much more about crimes and you will be able After this unit you will know much more about crimes and you will be able to describe them and name them, say where they are used.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. curgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore.

Before you read Work with a partner. Have you read a newspaper today? What was the headline? Reading Read and fill in the spaces. Write a headline for each story. Use no more than five words for each one. Choose From

Use no more than five words for each one. Choose From I Police are appealing for

I

Police are appealing for witnesses to a robbery which took place Monday

afternoon in Fenbury. Two masked men broke into Statham Jewelers. One robber brandished a sawn-off shotgun, while an accomplice 1……………. display cases, stealing rings and necklaces. Police believe that the robbers escaped in a getaway car driven by a third gang member.

A fire at Fenbury Warehouse is being treated as arson, according to a police

spokesperson. The fire broke out at around 5 am and quickly engulfed the whole building. By the time the fire brigade arrived at the scene, almost the entire

warehouse had been

and insurers have estimated the damage to be in the region of three million

pounds.

The warehouse contained electronic parts,

A local woman was involved in a hit-and-run incident early Sunday afternoon.

Monica Parsons, 27, was 3……………. Finchley Road near her house, when she was hit by a car being driven at speed. Hospital sources say that the victim has no recollection of the incident. Police have appealed for information from anyone who saw a white car being driven at speed in the area.

A

local man has been given a three-month jail sentence for repeatedly shoplifting

in

the Newbury area.

Gary Dibbot, 28, who paid a fine six months ago for a previous conviction, admitted stealing DVDs from RentaVideo in Fenbury. Dibbot's lawyer said that his client 4……………. his actions and that he would turn over a new leaf after serving his sentence.

In the context of this article, choose the best explanation for the following phrases:

1. When the police appeal for witnesses:

A) they want to speak to witnesses

B) they are interviewing witnesses

2.

In the region of three million pounds is:

A)

under three million pounds

B)

at least three million pounds

C)

about three million pounds

3.

A previous conviction is:

A)

something you used to believe

B)

a past crime you were guilty of

C)

something you did that you regret

4.

If you brandish a shotgun:

A)

you fire the gun repeatedly

B)

you point it at someone

C)

you keep a shotgun hidden under your clothes

Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false ones.

1.

The two robbers threatened staff and customers with knives.

2.

The robbers got away on foot.

3.

Police think the warehouse fire was an accident.

4.

The fire spread through the building quickly.

5.

The car that hit Monica Parsons was going very fast.

6.

She can remember the incident clearly.

7.

A man has gone to prison for three months for stealing.

8.

He says he will steal again in the future.



How well do you remember? Crime Vocabulary Match the phrase to the definition.

Collocations #1 Match the two halves of these crime-related collocations.

1. to admit in a getaway car

2. to be given stealing something

3. to escape at the scene

4. [the police] arrived for witnesses [to something]

5. to appeal a sawn-off shotgun

Collocations #2

Rewrite these sentences using a collocation from exercise six. Make grammatical changes where necessary.

1. The police want to speak to people who saw the accident.

2. The masked man held a knife.

3. The robbers left by car.

4. An ambulance soon arrived at the place the accident happened.

5. My neighbour has been sent to prison for 5 years.

6. The prisoner said that he had broken into the victim's house.

Discussion Ask your partner(s) these questions. Ask follow-up questions. Crime Do you think crime is common in your country? How you think crime rates have changed in the last 25 years? Which countries have are seen as having high/low rates of crime? What kinds of penalties does the law have for criminals? Do you think criminals are punished strongly enough? Punishment What kinds of penalties does the law have for criminals? Do you think criminals are punished strongly enough? What do you think of community service as a punishment for crime? In Addition Have you ever been a victim of petty crime, such as pickpocketing? What did you do? Do you feel safe when you walk in a street at night? Are you worried about 'new crimes' such as Internet-related fraud? What do you think are the main causes of crime?

fraud? What do you think are the main causes of crime? Să ne reamintim Let’s re

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the characteristics of crimes

Rezumat This unit introduces the crimes. This unit introduces the crimes.

. Unitatea de învăţarei II.3. DEATH PENALTY

II.3.1. Introducere This unit deals with death penalty This unit deals with death penalty

I.3.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare I.3 At the end of this unit students will recognize the actions that might sentence somebody At the end of this unit students will recognize the actions that might sentence somebody to death penalty.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de

Exemple

Exemple

Exemple
Să ne reamintim Let’s re member the names of the criems and their uses Rezumat

Să ne reamintim Let’s re member the names of the criems and their uses Let’s remember the names of the criems and their uses

Rezumat This unit introduces the crimes. This unit introduces the crimes.

Unitatea de învăţare II.4. PASSIVE VOICE

Unitatea de învăţare II.4. PASSIVE VOICE II.4.1. Introducere This unit deals with the passive forms: forms,

II.4.1. Introducere This unit deals with the passive forms: forms, use

II.4.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II.4 At the end of this unit students will use and transform active sentences into passive At the end of this unit students will use and transform active sentences into passive one.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. will use and transform active sentences into passive one. Exemple The done/achieved/finished/compl eted… Passive

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple The done/achieved/finished/compl eted… Passive

Exemple

The

done/achieved/finished/completed…

Passive

Voice

in

English

-

eted… Passive Voice in English - the stress is on what has/was/is/will be… I. Read these

the

stress

is

on

what

has/was/is/will

be…

I. Read these sentences and decide whether they are active or passive:

This is where the crash tests are carried out. passive We use crash-test dummies to measure the injuries. A 1,360 kg barrier is driven into the side of the car at 50km/h. Side air bags can prevent a lot of serious head injuries.

But a lot of side bags are not designed to protect smaller passengers. We now use smaller dummies in a lot of our tests. These tests are expensive to set up and carry out, but they can save a lot of lives. Over 40,000 people a year are killed in traffic accidents in the USA only. Boxes should never be lifted manually.

A fork-lift is much safer than manual lifting.

My new set of tools was made in China.

It is of good quality so it can be used all the time.

II. Put these two stories into the Passive Voice:

1

If

there is a vacancy we usually advertise it in-house first of all, and if I don’t find

any suitable candidates, then we advertise the job in newspapers. We ask the applicants to send their CVs and we invite some of the candidates to an interview. After that, we make a list of suitable candidates and ask some of them back for a second interview. We choose the best candidate and then I check his or her references and if everything is OK, we offer the successful applicant the job. A vacancy is usually advertised in-house first and if no suitable candidates are found, the job is advertised in newspapers.

2

Thieves held the manager of the Ridgeway Hotel at gunpoint last night during a robbery in which they took nearly $50,000 from the hotel safe. They also broke into several of the bedrooms and removed articles of value. The thieves made their escape through the kitchen where they damaged several pieces of equipment. They injured the chef when he tried to stop them and left him lying unconscious on the floor. But they didn’t enjoy in their money long because the police arrested them this morning.

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the form and use of the Passive Voice form and use of the Passive Voice

Rezumat This unit introduces the passive voice which is highly used in the technical communication. This unit introduces the passive voice which is highly used in the technical communication.

Unitatea de învăţare II.5. COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

II.5.1. Introducere This unit deals with the countable and uncountable nouns This unit deals with the countable and uncountable nouns

II.5.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II.5 At the end of this unit students will learn the difference between countable and uncountable At the end of this unit students will learn the difference between countable and uncountable nouns and they will use them in context

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. and uncountable nouns and they will use them in context Exemple When talking about different materials

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple When talking about different materials

Exemple

When talking about different materials and tools we also need to know whether these nouns are countable or uncountable. In English most nouns are countable and have singular and plural forms: these are the names of separate objects, people, ideas and can be counted (a book books, a box boxes, a watch watches, an idea ideas, an engineer engineers, a child children, a man men, a mouse mice

…) but there are also a lot of uncountable nouns which are the names of materials, liquids, abstract qualities, collections and only have singular or plural forms (meat, sugar, water, steel, carbon, money, luggage, paper, information pliers, glasses, scissors, binoculars, jeans, clothes, police, handcuffs …). Sometimes the same noun can be both, countable and uncountable (Glass is a fragile material. There are four glasses on the table. I need glasses for reading.)

are four glasses on the table. I need glasses for reading.) I. Sort these nouns into

I. Sort these nouns into two groups: one for countable and the other for uncountable (some may be both):

tip, trip, clothing, work, glass, case, baggage, fact, news, research, job, advice, travel, accommodation, chocolate, costume, equipment, spaghetti, stone, rubber, athlete, patience, tea-bag, concrete, coal, braces, traffic-lights, knife, iron, rain, hair countable: trip, uncountable: tip,

II. Are the sentences below correct or wrong? If they are wrong, correct them. I’ve just heard a wonderful news. I’ve just heard (some) wonderful news.

I need an pen. Can I borrow yours?

The contents of the house were sold after his death.

Physics were always my favourite subject.

I need scissor to cut this paper.

She has done some research on the life of dolphins. The people who works there is very well-paid. The police is looking for a suspect. He likes playing billiard.

My knowledges in that area are very poor. In the north of the country most houses are made of stones while in the south bricks are more common.

I have a new leather jacket.

This railing is made of irons.

Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the use of future formsRezumat This unit introduces the future forms that are very useful for the engineering students.

Rezumat This unit introduces the future forms that are very useful for the engineering students.Să ne reamintim Let’s remember the use of future forms Unitatea de învăţare II.6. EXPRESSION OF

Unitatea de învăţare II.6. EXPRESSION OF QUANTITY

II.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the expression of quantity in English This unit deals with the expression of quantity in English

II.6.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II.6 At the end of this unit students will learn how to express quantity At the end of this unit students will learn how to express quantity

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. end of this unit students will learn how to express quantity Exemple When we talk about

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple When we talk about different

Exemple

When we talk about different materials and we want to express how much of them we need,

we use different expressions of quantity, such as: some (We need some water to cool this tool.), any (We don’t need any more raw materials at present.), a lot of (There’s a lot of valuable steel available.), much/many/more (How much time do we need to finish this project? There are many engineers involved in this project.), several (We need several new machines to modernise our production.), every/each (Every engineer should know about this new invention.), a huge amount of (We require a huge amount of plastic to pack all of our finished products.), all/whole (The whole company will benefit from this improvement.), no/none/not (They invested no money in the modernisation, so they were not competitive anymore.), a little/a few (We need a little more time. A few of our workers are on sick leave.), something/somewhere/someone/noone/nobody/nowhere/nothing/anything/anybody/anywhere /everybody/everything/everywhere (I need somebody to help me. Something came up. There’s nothing we can do. I couldn’t find it anywhere.), both (Both our partners declared bankruptcy.), half (We will invest half of our profits into buying new premises.)…

invest half of our profits into buying new premises.)… I. Fill in the missing expressions of

I. Fill in the missing expressions of quantity:

Did you make any progress at the meeting?

Shall I send you We only made out. I met

samples of our latest fabrics? money on this product so perhaps we should start phasing it

potential customers at the trade fair.

has used my files and now I can’t find told me that this information is confidential.

!

I’m sorry to hear that The flood caused

went wrong on your trip to Barcelona. damage in our warehouse.

person involved in this project should do their best.

Managers spend more than Do you have any idea how

of their work time at meetings. material do we still have on stock?

Search your pockets and your bag and describe what you have found use different expressions of quantity.

SHORTSHORT REVISION

1. Explain the difference between cardinal and ordinal numbers.

2. Write your birth date in Roman numbers.

3. Can you divide the shapes into two- and three-dimensional?

SHORT REVISION

1. Try to analyse the importance of technological discoveries and inventions in our daily

life.

2. Describe the tools that are found in your own home, are they mechanical or machine?

What do you use them for? How often?

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about technology in In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about technology in general, different types of materials and some tools you will come across on daily basis but also in your professional life. We also revised the Passive Voice and countable and uncountable nouns and expressions of quantity.

Rezumat We have looked at expressions of quantitycountable and uncountable nouns and expressions of quantity. Modulul III. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Cuprins Modulul III

Modulul III. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Cuprins Modulul III Crime and Punishment Introducere Competenţe Unitatea de învăţare III.1 Crime and III.1.1. Introducere III.1.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.2 III.2.1. Introducere III.2.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.3 Relative pronouns and III.3.1. Introducere III.3.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.4 One word-two III.4.1. Introducere III.4.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.5 Reported III.5.1. Introducere III.5.2. Competenţe

Unitatea de învăţare III.2 Crimes and III.2.1. Introducere III.2.2. Competenţe

Temă de control

Introducere This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers This module introduces some basic information for all law students necessary in their future careers in their professinal development. The module contains 6 units, each addressing one important domain

Competenţe After this unit you will definitely have a much better knowledge of the criminal vocabulary. After this unit you will definitely have a much better knowledge of the criminal vocabulary. You will also revise relative pronouns and relative clauses.

Unitatea de învăţare III.1. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

III.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the introduction of crime and punishment This unit deals with the introduction of crime and punishment

III.6.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II At the end of this unit students will learn types of crimes and punishment At the end of this unit students will learn types of crimes and punishment

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore.

a de învăţare III.2. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

III.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the presentation of crimes

III.6.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will present the types of crimes

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore.

will present the types of crimes Du rata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare

Exemple

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about crimes in general, different elements that you will come across on daily basis but also in your professional life.

t

We have looked at crime constituency

Unitatea de învăţare III.3. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND CLAUSES

Unitatea de învăţare III.3. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND CLAUSES III.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the relative

III.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the relative pronouns in English

III.6.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare II At the end of this unit students will use relative pronouns At the end of this unit students will use relative pronouns

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple Relative clauses are divided into

Exemple

Relative clauses are divided into defining (provide necessary information without which the sentence is incomplete: I know a man who has 10 children. This is the vase which/that I was given for my birthday.) and non-defining relative clauses (they give additional information:

Marilyn Monroe, who died very young, is still an icon. Their advertisement, which I saw yesterday, is very impressive. My mother, who will be 80 years old next year, asked me to find her a painter to decorate her house. Jack Jones, whose phone number I can’t find, is our loyal customer.).

whose phone number I can’t find, is our loyal customer.). I. Fill in the missing relative

I. Fill in the missing relative pronouns (who, whose, what, which, where):

A quality controller is a person who checks the production systems.

Does anyone really know I don’t know

responsibility this is? happened! Suddenly the fire started!

Do you know the name of the woman

This is the company I don’t know products on offer. The computers

Yesterday I was talking to someone

The specialists

II. Read the specifications for this car and then complete the relative clauses below:

Tight, light body. Great handling. Excellent brakes. Five-star safety. Six-cylinder refinement and performance. Six-speed automatic works well in any shift mode. More interior space. Low cabin-noise levels. 320i struggles to convince at $50,000-plus. Unforgiving, low-speed ride. Some front-end suspension/tyre noise. Back end can get twitchy on rough roads. Inconsistent steering, with less feedback than before. Tight rear-seat access, and tall adults sit knees up. All seats lack support. Run-flats are expensive (around $2000 a set) and might be difficult to get.

is organising the conference?

offers the most favourable prices for these items. company to contact first. They all seem to have a wide range of

you ordered last week have just arrived.

brother went to school with you.

repaired our broken machinery were very efficient.

This is a car that has a tight and light body. Another good feature is

It has a six-speed automatic

The great cabin is

A

disadvantage is

It

has a back end

Run-flats are the part

outside noise-levels.

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about relative pronouns In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about relative pronouns and clauses.

Rezumat We have looked at relative pronouns and clauses.Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about

Unitatea de învăţare III.4. ONE WORD – TWO MEANINGS

Unitatea de învăţare III.4. ONE WORD – TWO MEANINGS III.4.1. Introducere This unit deals with words

III.4.1. Introducere This unit deals with words with multiple meaning

III.4.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare III.4 At the end of this unit students will improve their vocabulary by multi- meaning words. At the end of this unit students will improve their vocabulary by multi- meaning words.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. will improve their vocabulary by multi- meaning words. Exemple In English there are many words that

parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Exemple In English there are many

Exemple

In English there are many words that have more than one meaning these are the s homonyms (they can be further divided into homographs and homophones). To nam few: live, bank, swallow, free, fair, party, see, operation, model, mark, can, wind, h hard, minute, refuse, wound, read, row …(sometimes the pronunciation is the same often it is different).

I. Fill in the missing words in these pairs of sentences: I enclose a free

I. Fill in the missing words in these pairs of sentences:

I enclose a free sample of our latest magazine.

I’m terribly sorry but Ms Cartwright won’t be free until 4 p.m.

I just need a Dust is so

Unfortunately we have to After the rave party there was a lot of

BMW now have a huge

He has serious problems with his heart. He’s been scheduled for an

The concert was going on Where do you suppose to

The We all know that

She had a sore throat so she couldn’t

One early

I usually got good

He was a clumsy eater, so he had several She usually sits in the front

If you live near a river, it’s useful to learn how to

of your time. that we can’t see it with a naked eye.

your offer. It’s just not competitive enough. in the streets.

in the USA.

on all major broadcasting companies. when you move abroad?

next

singer in that group is gorgeous. pipes are dangerous and should be replaced.

the food.

doesn’t bring the spring.

in school, except in languages.

on his white shirt. in the classroom.

a boat.

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about Multi-meaning words. In this unit we obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about Multi-meaning words.

obtained a lot of useful vocabulary and learned about Multi-meaning words. Rezumat We have looked at

Rezumat

We have looked at multi-meaning words.

Unitatea de învăţare III.5. REPORTED SPEECH

III.5.1. Introducere This unit deals with reported speech This unit deals with reported speech

III.5.1. Introducere This unit deals with reported speech III.5 .2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the

III.5.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will transform direct speech into indirect

speech.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei

Exemple We very often have to report what other people have told or asked us

Exemple

We very often have to report what other people have told or asked us or ordered us to do and we can’t do it by using the direct speech, so we have to use the reported speech. There are some rules to follow, such as the rule of one tense back (present forms become past, present and past change into past perfect, will into would, can into could and may into might). We also have to be careful about the word order, especially in questions (He said, ‘I live in Slovenia.’ - He told me he lived in Slovenia.; She explained, ‘These products will be available next year.’ – She explained that those products would be available the following year.; He wanted to know, ‘When did you start working here?’ – He wanted to know when I had started working there.; She asked, ‘Do they know anything about this?’ – She asked if they knew anything about that.; He said, ‘Please do this today.’ – He asked me to do that that day.)

do this today.’ – He asked me to do that that day.) I. Read these sentences

I. Read these sentences that a candidate said at an interview. Put them into Reported Speech:

Miss Bridgwater said, ‘I’m very interested in working for you.’ She said that she was very interested in working for us. Miss Bridgwater explained, ‘I’ve been working in the city for three years.’ She explained She said, ‘I like what I do, but I want more responsibility.’ She also said She told me, ‘I have a degree in Mechanical Engineering.’ She told me She made it clear, ‘I can’t leave my present position for another month.’ She made it clear

II. You were a speaker at the conference on new machinery that took place last month in

Munich, Germany. You were asked the following questions:

When will the new product be ready?

How much are you going to spend on promotion? Will you offer any discounts to your distributors?

Why has it taken so long to develop? Who will the target consumers be? Did you have any problems developing this machine? Who is the contact person? Now report the above questions to your superior:

They asked me when the new product would be ready. They asked me They asked me They asked me They asked me They asked me They asked me

III. Change these sentences from direct into Reported Speech:

‘Where have you been so long?’ He asked me where I had been. ‘I’m writing my CV.’ He told me ‘I’ll phone you at seven o’clock tonight.’ She promised ‘He’s never made such a stupid mistake before.’ Rebecca said ‘Don’t overtake here.’ The sign warned us ‘Can I get your latest catalogue?’ Their potential client asked My superior said, ‘Don’t work too much or you’ll get ill.’ My superior advised me

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of transformation from direct into indirect speech. In this unit we obtained a lot of transformation from direct into indirect speech.

Rezumat We have looked at direct/ indirect speech.a lot of transformation from direct into indirect speech. Unitatea de învăţare III.6. CRIMES AND SENTENCES

Unitatea de învăţare III.6.CRIMES AND SENTENCES

III.6.1. Introducere This unit deals with the issue of sentences This unit deals with the issue of sentences

III.6.2. Competenţele unităţii de învăţare III At the end of this unit students will become aware of sentences issues. At the end of this unit students will become aware of sentences issues.

Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de 3 ore. unităţii de învăţare At the end of this unit students will become aware of sentences issues.

become aware of sentences issues. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de

Exemple

become aware of sentences issues. Durata medie de parcurgere a primei unităţi de învăţare este de

II.

Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of information about sentencing In this unit we obtained a lot of information about sentencing

Rezumat We have looked at sentencing.Să ne reamintim In this unit we obtained a lot of information about sentencing

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ashley , A. A Correspondence Workbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. Duckworth, M. Grammar and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Duckworth, M. Oxford Business English Grammar & Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. McCarthy, M. English Vocabulary in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Murphy, R. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Vince, M. Advanced Language Practice. Macmillan: Heinemann Publishers, 1994. Vince, M. First Certificate Language Practice. Macmillan: Macmillan Education, 2003.

Vince, M. Advanced language Practice. Heinemann: Heinemann English Language Teaching,

1994.

Watson-Delestree, A. & Hill, J. The Working Week, Cambridge: Language teaching Publications, 1996.