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Trek, Bike and Raft

Exploring
theTourism
Possibilities
ofDolpa

THE RUBY
Valley TREK
Ganesh
Himal Region

TAAN

DiscoveringTourism Destinations

& Trekking
Trails in Nepal
LOWER
MANASLU ECO
TREK-Gorkha
LumbasumbaPass
Kanchenjunga
& Makalu

www.taan.org.np

TAAN

Discovering Tourism Destinations

& TrekkingTrails
in Nepal

All rights reserved: Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal- TAAN- 2012


All rights reserved. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of study, research, criticism
or review as permitted under Copyright Laws of the Nepal, no part of this book may be
reproduced by any process without written permission from the TAAN. Any enquiries should
be directed to TAAN, taan@wlink.com.np

Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN)


P.O. Box : 3612
Maligaun Ganeshthan, Kathmandu
Tel. : 977-1-4427473, 4440920, 4440921
Fax : 977-1-4419245
Email : taan@wlink.com.np
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Printed in Nepal

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

TAAN
Strengthening
the Trekking
Tourism Industry
I

am highly privileged to offer you this


book, which is a product of very hard
work and dedication of the team of
TAAN. This book, TAAN- Discovering
Tourism Destinations and Trekking
Trails in Nepal, is a very important
book in the tourism industry of Nepal.
There are dozens of trekking trails
discovered and described in detail with
day-to day itineraries. Lumba-Sumba
Pass Taplejung, Eco-cultural trails in
Gorkha, high altitude treks and cultural
treks in Dhading Ganesh Himal region,
and incredible, hidden treasures
trekking in Dolpa district have been
studied by different teams of experts
and included in this book. All the newly
discovered trekking routes Link to the
Great Himalayan Trail (GHT).
I am grateful to the Secretary of
Ministry of Culture, Tourism, and
Civil Aviation, Department of Turism
Industry, and Nepal Tourism Board
for institutional and moral support
to lead these jobs. On behalf of TAAN
and its family, I appreciate SNV for
supporting in the whole process of
identification, exploration, promotion
and development of these all trekking
trails. Thanks to the TAAN executive
members, general members and the
staffs for their cooperation to make
this mission possible. Thanks a lot to
TAANs CEO Mr Ganga Sagar Pant, who
enjoys every challenge and made this

book possible in time working days


and nights.
I remember all the individuals involved
in this process. Mr Malpa Lama, the
porter involved in Taplejung Lumba
Sumba Exploration lost all the fingers
of his legs, Mr. Rana Bahadur Khadka,
1st Vice President of TAAN, who was
the team coordinator in Taplejung,
survived just because he got rescue
in time, , there are many stories of
hardships and dedication during the
explorations in different districts. For
this reason, I am proud to say that
this book is truly an authentic book in
tourism market. I got to know that the
book is handy to carry while trekking
to the respective areas and is very
informative for the trekkers.

Mahendra Singh Thapa


President
Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN)

Trek, Bike and Raft

Exploring
theTourism
Possibilities
ofDolpa

Team Leader

Mahendra S. Thapa

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

Introduction
Dolpa is one of the most interesting trekking destinations
of Nepal for many reasons. First of all, with an area of 7,889
sq. kilometers, it is the largest district of Nepal, and yet
one of the most sparsely populated. Its topography is very
interesting. It contains the deepest lake of Nepal, Lake
Phoksundo, which also happens to be the deepest lake of
high altitude in the world. Dolpa is one of the few Nepali
districts that is behind the Himalayan mountains, due to
which it gets very little rain. Hence, most of the hills are
bare with little vegetation. Harsh weather combined with
high hills makes this area one of the most inhospitable in
Nepal, and yet the barren and majestic hills lend it a rare
beauty that is absolutely mesmerizing.
Due to the harsh living conditions,
few people live or travel in these
areas. As a result, the people of
Dolpa are part of a very isolated
culture found in specific pockets
of northern Nepal. This is a land
where life still revolves around
horses, mules, and yaks, people still
wear traditional attire and jewelry,
waters are still divided on the basis
of a dice game, and the remains of
the dead are given to wild vultures.
Even today, much of Dolpa is
restricted area for tourists, which
contributed to the preservation of
unique culture of Dolpa.
Some of the attractions of this route
are: Dho Tarap, a human settlement
at the highest altitude in the world,
Shey Gumba, religiously the most
important Gumba in Nepal, and
lake Phoksundo, the deepest lake of
high altitude in the world.

Flora and Fauna


Upper Dolpa region is full of rare
herbs and wild animals. Lucky
tourists can sight blue sheep,
ghoral, and even cheetahs,
and many other species of wild
animals. Also, the forests of Upper
Dolpo are home to rare plants like
Yarsagumba, Jatamasi, Panchaunle,
Chimailo, and many others.

Yarsagumba
Upper Dolpa is one of the few
remaining sources of Yarsa Gumba,
an exotic half plant, half animal
that is considered a powerful
aphrodisiac. Every year, in MayJune, the Shey Phoksundo National
Park opens its doors to the seekers
of Yarsagumba. Local villagers travel
in droves to great heights to seek
this elusive plant that is found only
in high altitudes under specific
weather conditions. At a diminutive

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

six inches, the Yarsagumba is hard


to spot on ground for anyone but
local experts. Even the locals have
to endure tough hardships of high
altitude, cold, and harsh topography
to reap the Yarsagumba in its prime
condition. They then sell it to local
dealers at up to Rs. 1,200 per piece.
The economy of Dolpa leans heavily
on Yarsagumba, called simply the
insect by locals, and Himalayan
Viagra by its enthusiasts. In JulyAugust, droves of local traders can
be found collecting Yarsagumba
from villagers, and taking it over to
China or Kathmandu for sale. At the
end of the chain, Yarsagumba sells
for more than Rs. 5,000 per piece in
retail.

Trekking in Dolpa
The months of March to September
are good for embarking on this trek.
After September, it starts snowing
heavily, and trekking is possible
only with heavy duty equipment.
From November it is completely
impassable. The best time is from
March to May, as it may rain in June
and July.

Communication
Travelers may lose communication
at many stretches of the journey.
Satellite phones work in any place,
but are expensive. Phone networks
which are popular in other parts
of the country do not work well
here. Ncell works in big towns like

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

10

Dunai and Khalanga, but not at


smaller villager. Namaste is only
available at Khalanga and Dunai.
Hello Nepal is the most popular
network, and works in some of the
larger settlements like Saldang,
and Bhijer. Hello Nepal towers are
being constructed , Tinje, Dho Tarap,
Chharka, Kagkot, Mukat, and a few
other places. Sky Nepal is the second
most popular phone network.

High Altitude
Any height more than 3,000 meters
above sea level is considered to be
high altitude. During Dolpa trek,
travelers frequently go above 3,000
meters and there are several passes
of more than 5,000 meters. Hence,
travelers should be well prepared for

altitude sickness. Though anything


abnormal that happens above
3,000 meters is considered altitude
sickness, some of the common
symptoms are listed below.
l Headache
l Difficulty in breathing
l Disinterest in food
l Vomiting
l Difficulty in walking
l Dizziness
l Sleepiness
l Tiredness
l Anger / Irritation
l Body aches
l Slurred Speech
Travelers should carry enough
water, food, and medicines to
alleviate altitude sickness.

Itinerary of Upper Dolpa Circuit


Day Place of
Lunch (L)
Destination (D)

Origin (O)

Altitude of
Waling time
Destination from O to L
(in meters)

Walking
time from
L to D

Max altitude
of the day
(in meters)

Juphal

Kageni

Chhepka

2,491

3 hrs

3 hrs

2,491

Chhepka

Rechi

Chunuwar

3,130

3.5 hrs

2 hrs

3,130

Chunuwar

View Tower

Ringmo

3,647

2.5 hrs

1 hr

3,715

Ringmo

Choklapuk

Ruktang

3,594

4.5 hrs

2.5 hrs

4,026

Ruktang

Pack Lunch

Base Camp

4,677

4 hrs

2 hrs

4,677

Base Camp

Pack Lunch

Shey Gumba

4,354

2.5 hrs

4.5 hrs

5,352

Shey Gumba

Namgung Gumba

Saldang

4,085

7 hrs

4 hrs

5,120

Saldang

Namdo

Rhakyo

4,151

2 hrs

4.5 hrs

4,151

Rhakyo

Pack Lunch

High Camp

4,850

3 hrs

3 hrs

4,850

10

High Camp

Takshi

Dho Tarap

4,090

5 hrs

1 hr

5,107

11

Dho Tarap

Lang

Tangum

3,586

3 hrs

5 hrs

4,090

12

Tangum

Laini Odar

Lashikyap

2,718

5 hrs

2 hrs

3,586

4 hrs

13

Lashikyap

Shahar Tara

Dunai

2,095

3.5 hrs

14

Dunai

Juphal

2,250

4 hrs

2,718
2,250

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l1

he trek starts from Ranjha


airport, a small airport on
top of the town of Juphal.
Currently, it is the only airport
in Dolpa and can be reached
from Nepalgunj. The road takes
you through a little sojourn in
the town of Juphal, after which
it descends steeply. For about
an hour, the road is muddy and
stony with little vegetation. After
that, there is a short stretch of
motorable road that lasts up to
Suligad. Suligad is the entrance
to Shey Phoksundo National Park.
Here, the tourists who have not
paid their entrance fee can do so.
Beyond Suligad is restricted area.

From Suligad the road becomes


horizontal, with mild inclines in
between. The road is populated
with tea shops in between at
Khalaripi, Kageni and Sangta.
Kageni and Sangta are both
ideal lunch places as they have
plenty of hotels. Sangta even has
a charming campsite with water
and toilet facility. The campsite
offers a view of the raging
Suligad river. Our actual camping
was at Chhepka, which is more
densely populated than the
above mentioned intermediary
villages. It also provides campsite
and water facility.

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Day l2

ay two starts at Chhepka


and goes on to several small
outposts like Dhane, Kiptarung
and Rechi. The road follows
the Phoksundo River upstream
through dense forests. The road
inclines mildly uphill at first, and
later the incline grows steeper.
At some points, the rod dips
down to the level of the water.
At these points, there is a stone
embankment which contains the
water and yet lets travelers be
close to the water. On this day
travelers cross Phoksundo river
several times over small local
bridges. At one point between

Rechi and Chunuwar, there is a


dramatic point where two rivers of
distinctly different colors merge to
form a single Phoksundo River.
Dhane contains a shop in a tent,
where you can buy basic food
items. It also contains a trash can
and water source. Kiptarung and
Rechi also contain tents for basic
necessities, and at Rechi a hotel
is coming up. The camping is at
Chunuwar, which houses a hotel,
a campsite, a village water tap
and well managed public toilets.
It also contains communication
facility through a PCO.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

13

Day l3

he third days trek goes steeply


uphill for the first three hours.
There is minimal vegetation, and the
hills are very dusty in dry seasons.
The road offers a birds eye view of
the unique beauty of surrounding
hills. These hills are made almost
entirely of gray stone with little
vegetation. The bare outcroppings
have jagged tops, which lead their
majestic beauty to the beauty. At
the end of three hours of uphill
climb is a view tower, where
travelers can rest. The view tower
offers a view of Phoksundo falls, a
spectacular 3-step waterfall that
drops down 167 meters from the
Phoksundo lake. After a ten minute
walk uphill from the view tower, the

travelers can get the first glimpse


of Phoksundo lake. After that, the
road goes gently downhill and the
view of Phoksundo lake gets clearer.
After walking for about an hour, one
arrives at the village of Ringmo. This
village of mainly Buddhist people lies
on the banks of Phoksundo lake.
We camped at Phoksundo lake after
only half a day of walking in order to
enjoy the beauty of this lake. There is
plenty of open space to camp beside the
Phoksundo lake, and also public toilets.
The village offers a PCO and electricity
to charge mobiles. The Phoksundo bank
also offers a spectacular view of Numala
Bagala passes which are on the way to
Dho Tarap.

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Phoksundo Lake
With a maximum depth of 145 m,
Phoksundo is the deepest lake in
Nepal and also the deepest lake
found at such a great altitude in
the world. It is a freshwater lake
completely devoid of any animal
life. The lake is fed by streams that
originate from the Himalayas, and
hence its water is very cold. It is
famous for its deep aquamarine
blue color, but at close observation,
it can be seen that the lake changes
color with according to the amount
of ambient light. It takes on a whole
range of shades from deep green,
shimmering silver, to its usual deep
blue and gray.

The legend of Phoksundo


The word Phoksundo is of Tibetan
origin, and is made up of three

words: Phok which means spread


out, Sung which means three, and
Dhu, which means stone. These
words describe the shape of the
lake, which has three corners
jutting out from the center.
Once upon a time, there was a
Lama in Tibet. There was a demon
who was troubling his people,
and the Lama started chasing the
demon. The demon was carrying
a bowl of oil in one hand, and a
bowl of water in the other. The
lama chased the demon all the
way from Tibet to Phoksundo,
where the demon spilled his bowl
of water, which formed a lake. The
demon then escaped, leaving the
Lama trapped behind the water.
This is the locals story of the origin
of this lake.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l4
From this onwards we enter
Upper Dolpa, as Ringmo village
is the boundary between Lower
and Upper Dolpa. We started out
by walking on a rocky precipice
over the Phoksundo lake. The
precipice offers different angles
to view all three corners of
Phoksundo lake. The precipice
is also the site of a dramatic
scene in the popular French
movie Himalaya. The road climbs
and dips to the level of the
lake, where we crossed several
shallow streams on foot. We
encountered many streams that
empty into the Phoksundo lake.
After walking for about two
hours, the road swerves to the
left, after which the first corner
of Phoksundo is obscured from
view and we only get to see the
last corner. The track goes up to
a height of 4,085m, after which
it steadily descends through a
dense pine forest. After walking

downhill for about two hours, we


got to Choklapuk, a lovely beach
perfect for camping. Located on
the edge of Phoksundos corner,
this place offers a wide expanse
for resting and relaxing, and a
wonderful view of Phoksundo lake
and surrounding mountains.
After lunch, we walked horizontally
along a gorge with mountains on
both sides. This was one of the
most adventurous parts of the trip.
This road is flooded in summer and
we walked through ice cold water
and among thorny bushes. The
river is ice cold, because it descends
directly from the Himalayas, and is
the major source of the waters of
Phoksundo lake.
Camping was at Ruktang, an open
space beside the river. On the left side,
this place offers a view of Kanjirowa
mountain on clear days, which is full of
snow even in the month of July.

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Day l5
On the fifth day, the route is very
unique. We crossed Pisten River
over and over again without
bridges. The river flows inside a
gorge, and alternately embraces
each side of the gorge. As a
result, we have to either walk
through the river or due to which
we have to walk on the dry side.
The walk is uphill but not steep.
The water ranges from shallow to
knee deep, and the current is very
swift. Sandals are recommended
for entire day. Several waterfalls
fall into the river from both sides.

On this day, we climbed up to a


height of 4,677 meters. Although
this is a considerable height
where altitude sickness usually
takes hold, this day the cold
water alleviated the symptoms
of altitude sickness. The lunch
was packed this day, because the
geography was not very suitable
for cooking. Camping was at Base
Camp, on the shore of the river.
There is a wide open space at the
river shore, with stony ground
and thorny juniper bushes.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l6
This day was the most arduous day
of the trek, since we crossed our
highest pass on this day. The road is
inclined steeply, interspersed with
short stretches of gradual inclines.
The final few hundred meters are in
a sandy mountain, where our feet
slid at every step. Altitude sickness
may take hold at this point, and
travelers should be well prepared
for that.
After crossing the pass, the other
wide offers a spectacular view of
light sand colored mountains. The
monsoon rains in Nepal come from
clouds which travel northwards
from the oceans in the south. But
most of them disperse their water
in Southern Nepal, as they cannot
cross the tall Himalayan mountains.
Hence, some places in Nepal which
are behind tall mountains do not
get much rainfall. Dolpa is one of
them. The results of little moisture
can be seen in these parts, where
the mountains are bare and sandy,
and the vegetation is very sparse.
We had packed lunch on this day.
After walking downhill from the
pass for about four hours, we get to
Shey Gumba. From a religious point
of view, Shey Gumba is considered
the most important of all Gumbas
in Nepal. It is almost a Mecca for
Buddhists. Though the building
itself is modest, the statues in the

Gumba are very expensive, some


of them are coated in gold and
silver. They word Shey itself means
biggest of all in Tibetan.

The legends
of Shey Gumba
Once upon a time, the people were
making a Gumba in Digarji. The
people would build all day, but
every night demons would come
and destroy whatever was made
in the day. The Gumba could never
be completed. The people finally
decided to ask Guru Rimpoche for
advice. The Rimpoche suggested a
most secluded place that demons
would never be able to get at.
That place was Shey, which is
surrounded by tall mountains of
more than 5,000 meters on all
sides, and is almost inaccessible
for outsiders. The villagers came to
Shey and built their Gumba, but
even the gods were reluctant to
stay in such an inhospitable place.
Once the villagers installed the
gods and went back home, they
found that the gods had already
flown back, and had arrived at their
village before them. The villagers
went back to Shey Gumba again.
This time they shackled the gods
with iron chains, and that is how
Shey Gumba came to be.
The Shey Gumba is also said to
be commissioned by the king

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of Jumla. The kingdom of Jumla


ceased to exist several hundred
years ago, but Shey Gumba still
houses a sword and an inscription
from the king of Jumla.
Crystal Mountain, which stands right
in front of Shey Gumba, is supposed
to be the younger brother of
Kailash Mountain. Kailash Mountain
is sacred to both Hindus and
Buddhists. Some people worship
the two mountains as females,
considering them to be sisters. Many
legends are connected to this origin
of this relationship. According to
one, the Lama from Shey Gumba
flew to the top of Crystal to meditate
in a cave, and from there he could

see Kailash Mountain. It is also


believed that the Ghyangtok Gumba
at Kailash and Shey Gumba were
constructed in the same year.

Shey Festival
Every twelve years, in the year of
the dragon according to Tibetan
calendar, Shey Gumba holds a
festival. Though the Gumba has
a ceremony in September every
year, there is a major ceremony
every twelve years. This festival
is celebrated grandly by inviting
Rimpoches from other surrounding
Gumbas. Buddhists from all over the
world flock to this festival. During
this festival, devotees make a
rotation of Crystal Mountain.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l7
On this day we crossed the second
pass of the journey. From Shey
Gumba the path is muddy at first.
We walk on the side of a hill on a
mild incline. There are also some
stretches of steep incline. After
walking for about three hours, we
get to a gorge with a shallow river.
We walk uphill along the river shore,
then we climb a short stretch of
steep incline. The final stretch takes
us almost horizontally on a dark,
sandy mountain.
After crossing the pass is a steep
downhill trail. Though the hills are
barren without greenery, there
are all kinds of wildflowers in red,

yellow, pink, and blue sprouting


from rocky surfaces. We follow
a river downstream, and we see
more and more barren rock like
hills. Lunch was at Namgung, a
small village that offers an open
brick kitchen for trekkers. If the
travelers are weary, they can camp
at Namgung instead of walking
four more hours to Saldang, as
Namgung offers a good camping
facility as well.
After walking uphill from Namgung
for two hours, we reach a hilltop
that offers a panoramic view of
light green colored mountains far
into the distance. We descend from

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the hilltop to the village of Saldang.


Saldang is a beautiful valley, its
green fields in stark contrast to
the bare hills around. Saldang is
densely populated compared to the
surrounding hillsides. It is a fertile
valley which grows potatoes, rice,
wheat, and barley. Saldang also has
a primary school, a health center,
and communication facility through
Hello network. It has a good
campsite and running water as well.
Saldang contains a Gumba called
Samiye Choying Gumba. This
Gumba is older than Shey Gumba,

and has been modeled on the


Potala Gumba in Tibet and other
Gumbas in Thimpu. It has been
recently repainted for the festival.
The Gumba officials have decided
to retain old style stone roofs,
instead of giving it a tin roof, so as
to preserve its original look.
Alternative: This is a very long
stretch to complete in a single
day, and it can be broken down at
Namgung. Lunch can be packed
and camping can be done at
Namgung.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l8
We start this day from Saldang with
mild inclines and declines. We walk
along a gorge where the bottom
is populated with green fields of
local barley. We pass several villages
on the way, and the mountainside
is dotted with little chhortens, or
Buddhist shrines. Many of them
are hard to access. Lunch was
at Namdo, a small village with a
school and communication facility.
We had to cross a knee deep river
twice to reach the camping spot.
The campsite was at a river shore a
few miles out of Rhakyo. It was on

open ground on a small precipice


overlooking a river. Thorny juniper
bushes were the only vegetation.
This part of our trek is part of a trade
route to China. There were many
caravans of yaks, horses, and mules
going to China. The Tibetan border
opens for 15 days each year, during
which people in the northern
villages of Nepal go to Tibet and
shop. They buy merchandise,
clothes, and other necessary items,
and much of the Yarsagumba trade
takes place through this route.

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Day l9
On this day we prepared to cross
our last pass of. We walked up a
mild incline along a river inside a
gorge. We crossed the river at some
points. For a long stretch, the track
was almost horizontal along a river
shore, but towards the end, the
incline became steeper. On this day
we left valleys and villages behind,
and the scene went back to barren

hills with a few signs of vegetation


here and there. Lunch was at a
height of 4,427 meters. Camp was
at High Camp, at a height of 4,850
meters. This was our highest camp
of the journey. Even in the month
of August, this place was very cold
and foggy. This was our coldest
camp of all.

Day l10
On this day we crossed the last pass
of the journey. The road from High
Camp to Jengla Pass is steeply uphill
with stones and boulders on the
road. Since we camped at a great
height, in the morning we were
able to cross the pass very soon,
at about one and a half hours. The
road going down from the pass is
gradually descending at first, and
then becomes almost horizontal.
On the left are barren ridged hills
that look as if they are carved out of
individual rocks. Each ridge in the
hills is of a different color, red, ochre,
or green. They look like parallel
waves from afar. On the right, where
we walk, there is more greenery. A
river, which will later join the Bheri,
flows in between.

Lunch was at Takshi, a little village


in a broad valley. The valley is very
beautiful with lots of yellow wild
flowers, and fields of local barley.
There were a few houses and
tents. About an hour from Takshi
is Dho Tarap, where we camped.
Dho Tarap is the worlds highest
altitude human settlement 4,090
meters. The people of Dho still
follow traditional culture, and
the houses are built according to
traditional architecture where most
of the living space is underground,
and a small part of the house
just above ground. Dho Tarap is a
junction from where roads diverge
to Jomsom, Mustang, and Tibet.
Hence, we would see a lot of horse,
mule, and yak traffic around Dho
Tarap.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l11
From Dho Tarap, we walk in a windy
gorge that is almost horizontal.
Even though the sun is shining,
the wind makes warm clothes
necessary on this section of the
trail. We follow the same rive as
yesterday. We walk on a high,
bare precipice and watch the river
pass through narrow gorges. The
river constantly changes shape,
becoming wide and shallow in
some places and deep and narrow

between close set hills. Sometimes


it even disappears between and
under the hills. There are ridged
hills on both sides. We encountered
a couple narrow valleys with a few
tents. We also passed several open
spaces which were junctions for
horses and mules to rest or pass
the night. Lang and Tol Tol were
two of these junctions. Lunch was
at Lang. Camping was at Tangum, a
meeting point of two rivers.

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Trekking Agencies'
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Day l12
The trail starts with a mild incline,
but takes us to a height of 3,800
meters. The river sets our course as
it whistles far below. From this day
we see growing vegetation. The pine
forests go from scarce to dense in a
matter of hours, and there are two
spectacular waterfalls on this stretch
of the road. This stretch of the road
is very cold due to the wind. Also,
the gorge is made up of almost
perpendicular hills, which allow for
only a few hours of sunlight.

After descending from the height


of 3,800 meters, we came to Laini
Odar, a narrow valley with a tent.
We had lunch there. Camp was
at Lashikyap, a large village on a
precipice overlooking the river. The
river that we followed was joined
by another river to form Thuli
Bheri. Thuli Bheri becomes a large
and fast flowing river tat offers
numerous possibilities.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l13
The track led us through a gentle horizontal walk through dense vegetation.
There are lots of village on the way, notably a group of separate villages
near each other that are called Tarakot, Tarabagar, Shahar Tara and Tuppo
Tara. From Tarakot we walk along the shore of the river. The road sometimes
climbs to the top of the hill, and sometimes dips to the level of the river.
Lunch was at Shahar Tara, one of the intermediary villages which was directly
on our way. Camping was at Dunai, the headquarter of Dolpa, a large town
with electricity, health center and communication facility.

Day l14
The last day of the trek led us uphill again. We had to get to Juphal, because Juphal
is the only city in Dolpa with an airport. The road from Dunai is a wide motorable
road up to Kalagauda. We walk on this road horizontally for approximately two
hours. Then there is a steep uphill stretch for about two hours, as Juphal is situated
at a considerable height than Dunai. Finally, we arrive at Juphal airport on top of
town. From here we can take a plane to Nepalgunj or Surkhet.

25

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26

Itinerary of Extended
Upper Dolpa Circuit
For travelers who cannot get enough of the adventures and cultures of
Dolpa, there is a longer route that takes them through several villages. This
is an opportunity for travelers to soak in more of the culture of Himalayan
tribes, and to challenge their physical capacity. Apart from many small
settlements, there are two major villages in this route: Bhijer and Tinje. There
are also two extra passes that will test the travelers stamina. This track is full
of alpine forests, interspersed with bare mountains. The itinerary of extended
Upper Dolpa Circuit is as follows.
Day Place of
Lunch (L)
Destination (D)

Origin (O)

Altitude of
Waling time
Destination from O to L
(in meters)

Walking
time from
L to D

Max altitude
of the day
(in meters)

Juphal

Kageni

Chhepka

2,491

3 hrs

3 hrs

2,491

Chhepka

Rechi

Chunuwar

3,130

3.5 hrs

2 hrs

3,130

Chunuwar

View Tower

Ringmo

3,647

2.5 hrs

1 hr

3,715

Ringmo

Choklapuk

Ruktang

3,594

4.5 hrs

2.5 hrs

4,026

Ruktang

Pack Lunch

Base Camp

4,677

4 hrs

2 hrs

4,677

Base Camp

Pack Lunch

Shey Gumba

4,354

2.5 hrs

4.5 hrs

5,352

Shey Gumba

Namgung Gumba

Saldang

4,085

7 hrs

4 hrs

5,120

Saldang

Namdo

Rhakyo

4,151

2 hrs

4.5 hrs

4,151

Rhakyo

Pack Lunch

High Camp

4,850

3 hrs

3 hrs

4,850

10

High Camp

Takshi

Dho Tarap

4,090

5 hrs

1 hr

5,107

11

Dho Tarap

Lang

Tangum

3,586

3 hrs

5 hrs

4,090

12

Tangum

Laini Odar

Lashikyap

2,718

5 hrs

2 hrs

3,586

4 hrs

13

Lashikyap

Shahar Tara

Dunai

2,095

3.5 hrs

14

Dunai

Juphal

2,250

4 hrs

2,718
2,250

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

27

Itinerary of Lower
Dolpa Circuit
The Upper Dolpa circuit is a tough one with many passes of more than 5,000
meters. Travelers can also choose a less taxing and popular route that takes
them through scenic Phoksundo lake and Numa La pass. This trek is less
expensive than the Upper Dolpa trek, because Upper Dolpa charges an entry
fee of $ 500 for ten days of trek.
This stretch contains two passes very close to each other: Numa La and Baga
La. Hence, there are steep inclines and declines close to each other. Numa La
Pass is the highest point of this stretch, which may contain snow even in the
month of August. From then to Dho Tarap, the road gradually declines. Most
of the road is full of tall, barren hills with little vegetation. The itinerary for
lower Dolpa is as follows:
Day Place of
Lunch (L)
Destination (D) Altitude of

Origin (O)
Destination

(in meters)

Waling time
from O to L
L to D

Walking
time from
(in meters)

Max altitude
of the day

Juphal

Kageni

Chhepka

2,491

3 hrs

3 hrs

2,491

Chhepka

Rechi

Chunuwar

3,130

3.5 hrs

2 hrs

3,130

Chunuwar

View Tower

Ringmo

3,647

2.5 hrs

1 hr

3,715

Ringmo

Maduwa

Bagala Fedi

4,115

2 hrs

4 hrs

4,115

Bagala Fedi

Bagala Bhanjyang

Gyambo

4,631

4 hrs

2 hrs

5,214

Gyambo

Numa La

Modo Gumba

4,080

4 hrs

3 hrs

5,524

Modo Gumba

Thaksi

Dho Tarap

3,944

1 hr

3 hrs

4,080

Dho Tarap

Lang

Tangum

3,586

3 hrs

5 hrs

4,090

10

Tangum

Laini Odar

Lashikyap

2,718

5 hrs

2 hrs

3,586

11

Lashikyap

Shahar Tara

Dunai

2,095

3.5 hrs

4 hrs

2,718

12

Dunai

Juphal

2,250

4 hrs

2,250

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

28

Jumla Alternative
Since our flight was cancelled for two days in a row, we decided to fly to
Jumla and trek to Dolpa from there. This turned out to be a wonderful
decision, since it provided a welcome diversion for us, and a better
option than waiting in Nepalgunj airport.
Jumla is a wonderful alternative
because of its convenience. Jumla
has a well constructed airport
and the flights are regular from
Nepalgunj. As a result, Jumla is well
stocked on any kind of provisions,
and most shops offer competitive
prices. This offers an enormous
advantage to travelers and trekking
companies as well, because travelers
do not need to stock up on food,
vegetables or trekking equipments
for coming to Jumla, and they can
save up on transportation fees.
Also, there are many motorable
roads in Jumla, which provide the
perfect setting for mountain biking.

Flora and Fauna

Jumla is a haven for botanists, because


it contains several rare flora. Jumla
is the world highest altitude where
rice is grown. Normally at this height,
it is difficult to get enough irrigation
for rice, but in Jumla, the Tila River
which flows down from mountains
irrigates the farms. Kalo Marsi is a local,
patented species rice native to Jumla,

and it is famous for its medicinal


qualities. It is also famous as the
favorite rice of Chandra Shumsher,
a Rana Prime Minister of Nepal.
Even today, the demand for this rice
surpasses its supply, exacerbated by
the fact that this rice does not grow
elsewhere. The apples of Jumla are
also in demand and are exported.
Also, many rare herbs like Satuwa,
Jatamasi, Guchi-chyau, etc can be
found in the hills of Jumla. One of
them is Bhojpatra, a tree whose bark
peels off in layers and was used as
paper atone point. The plants Jumla
are completely organic, as Jumla is
declared to be a chemical free district.

Culture

Jumla also has a rich cultural


heritage as the origin of Nepali
language. Till today, the majority of
Jumla are from the Nepal speaking
communities of Bahuna and
Chhetris. Several unique cultural
phenomena, like the Deuda dance,
and Chopaya, a rice planting ritual
where farmers play in muddy fields,
can be observed in Dolpa.

Day Place of
Lunch (L)
Destination (D) Altitude of

Origin (O)
Destination

(in meters)

Waling time
from O to L
L to D

Walking
time from
(in meters)

Max altitude
of the day

Khalanga

Gutthichaur

Manisanghu

2,770

7 hrs

2.5 hrs

2,987

Manisanghu

Chotro

Nauligoth

3,553

2.5 hrs

6.5 hrs

3,913

Nauligoth

Chaurikot

Kaigaun

2,600

2 hrs

5.5 hrs

3,615

Kaigaun

Ghodakhor

Liku

2,426

7.5 hrs

3.5 hrs

3,841

Liku

Tripurakot

Dunai

2,095

2.5 hrs

6 hrs

2,426

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l1
The trek starts from Khalanga, the
headquarter of Jumla and the site of
its only airport. Khalanga is home to
Chandan Nath temple, which used
to be the Kuldewata (family deity) of
erstwhile Baise Chaubise kingdoms.
Even the famous Muktinath of
Jomsom is said to be a division of
Chandan Nath.
From Khalanga the road follows
Tila River upstream. There are many
wide valleys, fields, villages and
water mills on the way. There are
also many hotels to snack at. The
road is mostly horizontal, but there
are inclines in between. We started
descending from a maximum

altitude of 2,987 meters. After the


descent, there are hills with pine
forests on the top and meadows
at the bottom. These meadows are
used to graze livestock. For lunch
we arrived at Gutthichaur, which
was one of the larger meadows.
It contains a few hotels in tents.
Camping was at Manisanghu, a
well populated village.
Alternative: This day contains a
very long stretch of walking, which
may be too hard on the first day.
This day can be broken down
into two parts, with lunch at any
of the intermediate villages, and
comaping at Gutthichaur.

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30

Day l2

he trail starting from Manisanghu


was a motorable road. It gently
inclined up to Chotro. Chotro is one
among several culturally unique
villages. The people of Chotro are
mostly Chhetri, and yet, they do not
follow most of the cultural traditions
of Chhetris. They follow Tibetan
cultural traditions, complete with a
Lama for major religious occasions.
However, they do maintain some
traces of Chhetris. Chotro is an
example of cultural harmony and
intermingling that permeates in
Nepal. Many villages with this specific
combination of Chhetri and Tibetan
culture can be found in this belt.
After Chotro, there are very few
hotels or settlements to be found

on the way. The road inclines


gradually for a couple hours,
and then there is a steep incline
that goes up to 3,913 meters.
The track is mostly made of mud
and dirt, with lots of vegetation
around. There are beautiful
wildflowers all along the way, of
red, yellow, purple, white and
blue. The top is called Maurikot,
which has a couple tents where
travelers can rest. When going
down from Maurikot, the road
is horizontal at first and then
declines steeply. There are a
couple small houses and open
spaces for camping. Our camping
was at Nauligoth, a small
settlement with a couple animal
farms and hotels.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l3
The road from Nauligoth starts on a
downhill note. Through the day, the
road goes both up and downhill.
There are forests all along the way
and white and blue flowers that
grow wildly in grass. Also, there
were many villages on the way
like Balang, Jhyakot, and Majhkot.
Jhyakot is a pretty developed village
with a medical shop, school, and
laptops for all students. On this day
Bheri River comes in sight.

Lunc was at Chaurigoth, a small


village in the way. Our campsite
Kaigaon was a big village with
schools and police outpost. This
track is a part of a bustling trade
route between Jumla and Dolpa
and we observed many people,
horses, and mules going to and
from Jumla for trade.

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32

Day l4

his day we crossed our second


pass of the trek. The road goes
steeply uphill from Kaigaun up to a
height of 3,308 meters. We can cross
the steep incline after climbing for
a little more than two hours. On top
of the hill are a couple tents where
milk and a few basic provisions are
available. The next stretch of road
is full of steep inclines and declines
coming one after the other. There
are dense forests on both sides. After
following such a road for four hours,
we arrive at the end called Lagna, at a
height of 3,841 meters.
From Lagna, the road declines steeply
up to the village of Ghodakhor. It is
the first village after Kaigaon. There
are very few hotels along the way.
The road from Ghodakhor is full of
steep ups and down, though it does

not go up to a great height. There are


many diverging roads on this day,
and one needs a detailed map or a
knowledgeable guide to negotiate
the road. This ended up being the
longest day of trek. Camp was at
Liku, a populous village with a locally
famous secondary school.
Alternative: There is a short path
from Kaigaon that takes you directly
to Shey Phoksundo in two to three
days. This path goes through the
village of Hurikot up the Kagmara
pass. This pass is more than 5,000
meters above sea level, and the
path from Kaigain involves climbing
approximately 3,000 meters in two
days. The recommended altitude
change is only 400 meters per day.
However, it can be attempted by
physically fit trekkers.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l5

motorable road is being


constructed from Liku to
Tripurakot. From Liku, the road
goes steeply downhill first and then
straight through the construction.
. Tripurakot is a rarity in this area,
as it has electricity 24 hours a
day. The vegetation decreases
from Liku to Tripurakot, and
then completely vanishes from
Tripurakot onwards. There is no
water source between Tripurakot

to Kalagauda, as the hills are


barren. Lunch was at Kalagauda,
from where the road to Juphal
diverges. From Kalagauda
onwards, the road is flat and
motorable, and there are many
Hindu and Buddhist temples
along the way. Camping was at
Dunai, the headquarter of Dolpa.
Dunai is a densely populated town
with electricity, communication
facility, and schools.

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Other Tourism
Possibilities:
Mountain biking
There are many motorable roads on
our trek route. The first of them is from
Jumla to Maurikot. The road is slightly
uphill at first and hen steeply uphill
near Maurikot. Also, after crossing
Balangra pass, it is feasible to ride to
DUnai via Ghodakhor and Likhu.
Even in Upper Dolpa, it is possible
to ride mountain bike from Shey
Gumba to Saldang in two days. This
is a single track over 4,000 meters
above sea level. It is also possible
to ride bike from Saldang to Rakyo
and carry the bike up to Jeng La
pass, which is 5100 meters above
sea level. After crossing Jeng La
Pass, bike riding is possible again
at Takshi, which is an almost flat
village. Riders can go as far as
Sisaul via Dho Tarap. Lastly, from
Tarakot there is a motorable road
upto Dunai that is appropriate for
mountain biking.

Rafting
Rafting experts in our team
identified several rivers in which
rafting is viable. Tila River in Jumla is
one of them, where locals have tried
successfully tried rafting. In fact,
local entrepreneurs here seemed
very keen on starting rafting in Tila.
Thuli Bheri River in Dolpa has
several rapids, and there have been
successful rafting attempts from
Tarakot to Chisapani.

Golfing
Gutthichaur is a place seven hours
away from Jumla. It is a broad valley
at the bottom of mountains full of
pine trees. Since the ground is more
or less flat with gentle slopes, it is the
perfect location for a golf course.

Snow boarding
and ice skating
Snow boarding and ice skating are
popular activities in winter. Though
Nepal has lots of appropriate
locations for these activities, they
have not been fully utilized. There
are several well known lakes in
Jumla like HUdke Daha, Bishtaji
Daha, etc. Many of them freeze in
winter, providing a perfect location
for snow boarding and ice skating.

Hot spring
Two hours from Khalanga is a
hot spring that is famous for its
medicinal properties. National as
well as international tourists can be
attracted to this site.

Conclusion at Local
Interaction Program
We held an interaction program
with local officials and townspeople
of Dunai. Representatives of local
government bodies, trade unions,
political parties, and media were
present at the meeting. The meeting
was moderated by Ravindra Shahi,
program coordinator of GHT at
Dolpa. The meeting started off with
the question of the future of tourism
in Dolpa. TAAN president Mahendra
Singh Thapa was of the opinion that

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

tourism is the future of Dolpa. Right


now, there are only about 1,300
tourists per year in Dolpa. Mahendra
Thapa and the local officials also
concurred that increasing the
number of tourists is the first step
to improve tourism in Dolpa. He
pointed out that the trek of Dolpa
is a challenging one, requiring a
certain level of physical fitness.
Accordingly, the right clientele for
Dolpa would be young tourists who
are looking for adventure.

of Solukhumbu, where a highly


developed infrastructure exists with
every kind of facility for tourists.
These infrastructures did not pop
up automatically, and were not
created by the government. Instead,
locals found it to their benefit to
invest because they knew the flow
of tourists would make up for their
investment. As a result, today the
per capita income of Solukhumbu
residents is significantly higher than
that of average Nepalese.

The following issues were pointed


out by local officials as challenges
to attracting tourists to Dolpa:

Airport

Lack of Infrastructure
Local officials conjectured that
tourists hesitate to come to Dolpa
because of the lack of infrastructure
like hotels, electricity, etc. TAAN
President countered that with the
increase of tourist flow, locals would
automatically start investing in
infrastructure. He gave the example

The airport in Dolpa is not pitch


topped. Hence, every time it rains,
the airport gets muddy. This leads
to flight cancellation. We ourselves
faced this problem twice in a row.
This particular problem will be solved
pretty soon as the airport will be pitch
topped in the future soon. However,
if the flights are still canceled due to
bad weather, we have provided the
option of flying to Jumla instead and
trekking from there.

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Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Roads
The local officials expressed their
concern that the roads of Dolpa
trekking routes are not well
maintained. They complained that
the budget to build roads is often
sidetracked, due to corruption
and other issues. TAAN President
informed them that TAAN is ready
to help Dolpa construct better
roads. For that, the local VDCs
should contribute 25%, and the
rest of the budget would come
from TAAN and Tourism Ministry.
Tourism Ministry has a department
for infrastructure development. If
properly utilized, this department
can assist in construction projects.

Expensive Entry fee


Right now, Upper Dolpa is restricted
region and the entry fee for Upper
Dolpa is $500. Adding that to
other trekking expenses, a tourist
has to spend around $2,500 for
a ten day trek. Comparatively, a
tourist can complete a similar trek
in approximately 1,000 dollars in
Tibet and Laddakh. Even in Nepal,
the most popular trekking route
is Annapurna circuit, which also
happens to be the cheapest one.
The local officials informed us that
they had already taken the steps
to reduce the revenue. The district
council had passed the decision,
and a letter had been forwarded
to ministries in Kathmandu. But
there was no response from the
ministries. TAAN President assured

37

the locals that TAAN would take up


this issue and lobby for reduction of
entry fee with the government.
Another problem associated with
permits is that government offices
are closed on Saturday and Sunday.
Tourists arriving on Friday are
stranded in Kathmandu because of
this. TAAN President would like to
lobby to change this as well.

Provision of half
revenue to Dolpa
In many popular tourist destinations
like Manaslu and Solukhumbu, half
of the revenue from tourism goes
to the local bodies. Till date, this
has not been happening in Dolpa.
TAAN president promised to lobby
for this issue, citing the example of
Manaslu were successful lobbying
has directed half the revenue to
local bodies.
At the end, TAAN President affirmed
his commitment to improving
tourism in Dolpa, and asked for
Dolpa residents support in future
steps. He suggested that Dolpalese
should keep their rivers clean and
build septic tanks, as rafting is
one of the major possibilities for
Dolpa. The local residents of Dolpa
expressed their happiness that they
would get a chance to be heard in
the central government through
TAAN. They expressed that TAAN
would be able to market Dolpa for
them as they had been lacking in
that aspect.

38

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

LOWER
MANASLU ECO
TREK-Gorkha
Team Leader

Gopal Babu Shrestha

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Trekking Agencies'
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Introduction
Gorkha, place from where unification of Nepal was started by King
Prithvi Narayan Shah, is the first capital of Nepal. There are several
places of historical and archaeological importance in the district.
Blessed by nature splendor and land marked by plethora of historic,
religious, ecological and cultural importance it has every potential to
be featured as one of the favored touristic destinations of the country.
However, number of tourists coming to this region is limited. Besides
the Manaslu circuit trek, Lower Manaslu route offers moderate trekking,
historical tour, pilgrimage tour, agro tourism and community based
home stay. The locals are also committed towards development and
promotion of tourism in the district.
In Marcha/April 2012 Trekking
Agencies Association of Nepal
(TAAN) in financial association
with GHTDP/SNV organized a
research trip to explore new tourism
possibilities in Gorkha district.
The team identified new trekking
routes and sub-routes linking
already popular religious, cultural
points like Manakamana and Kalika
temples.
The exploration team documented
history, geography, and culture
of the place it visited during its
nine days trek. The place it visited
are as follows: Manakamana
Temple, Bakyaswari Mahadeva,
Siddha Lakhan Cave, Tinmane
Village, Ghairung Baskot, Bungkot
(Kaule Bhangar), Gorkha Bazaar,
Sirandanda, Ghyachok, Barpak,
Basukang, Laprak, Choyabhanjyang,
Nambai Kharka, Sambai Kharka,
Dharche Danda, Tallo Thotneri, Sita
Cave and Ghyampesal.

Geography and
Demographic
Distribution of Gorkha
District
Gorkha district (27'15'- 28'45'
N latitude and 84'27'- 84'58' E
longitude) is extended between
the altitudes 228m to 8163m asl.
It covers an area of 3610 sq km
and is bordered by Dhading in the
east, Lamjung in the west, Tibet
(China) in the north and Tanahu and
Chitwan in the south (CBS 2001).
According to CBS 2001, the total
population of Gorkha district is
2,88,134 (134407 male and 153727
female); including seventy two
ethnic groups of which Gurungs
(22.29%), Brahmins (17.93%),
Chhetris (12.08%) and Magars
(11.35%) are major ethnic groups
and total number of household
is 58923. Average lifespan is 54.0
years, per capita income is Rs.
6985.00 and human development
index is 0.308 (CBS 2001).

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Lower Manaslu Community Based Eco Trail


Barpak

Laprak

Ghyachchowk
Sirandada

Sambe Kharka
Dharche Danda

Bhachhek

Nyauli Kharka
Tallo Thotnery
Chanaute

Bhaluswara

Deurali

Sangu
Khanchowk
Khoplang
Bazar

Dhungagade
Bhanjyang
Rampur

Kaulebangar
Tinmane Bhanjyang

Jhakri Gupha
Baskot

Manakamana

Rational of the Study


Local stake holders do not have
sufficient understanding about
selling their tourism products.
Nation has not given enough
attention to develop and promote
resources and tourist destinations
despite its priority in words/policy
encrypted in papers to encourage
tourism as an instrument to
alleviate poverty. Albeit with huge
potentials, neither the government
nor the local people have benefited
from the available resources.

Successful implementation of
government policy depends
on active participation of local
people and improved modes
of infrastructure. However, lack
of knowledge and awareness
towards the aesthetic and cultural
significance of prevailing tourism
products, insufficient tourism
investments and dearth of technical
know-how and weak promotional
activity are some of the major
challenges to prosper tourism
industry in the region.

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Trekking Agencies'
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Recommendations
The team after exploring various
places of Lower Manaslu region has
following recommendations:
I. Since most of the villages are
offering home stay facility,
orientation and training
courses on home stay facility
management to the operators
of home stay facility should be
organized.
II. Many historical and religious
relics such as Sita cave, 17th
century temple the artifacts of
Martyr Lakhan Thapa, forest
around Dharche Danda and
others should be conserved and
preserved.
III. Tourism infrastructure such as
sign boards along the trekking
route depicting information
about the direction and altitude
is mandatory.
IV. Provide awareness training and
encourage locals to preserve
their culture.
V. Educate people about
sustainable tourism.

VI. Environmental assessment


should be carried out as early
as possible to document the
social, economical and biological
information.

Conclusion
The team studied history,
geography, and culture of
aforementioned places along the
Lower Manaslu Trekking Route and
successfully gathered information
required for the preparation of
guide book, a trekking route map
and a video documentary. The effort
put up by the team of identifying
new tourism opportunities will
help to flourish tourism in Gorkha.
Lastly, this kind of exploration trip
is recommended for the country
like Nepal where many places with
great tourism potential is yet to
be explored and has gained no
attention from the government.
This initiative of TAAN and GHT will
definitely help to contribute to the
ever growing tourism industry of
the country.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day to Day
Itinerary
information for
the Trekkers

Day l1

Kathmandu Ghairung (1090m) - 3 hours drive,


10 minutes cable car and 5 hours trek

anakamana cable car station at


Kurintar is 3 hours drive from
Kathmandu where a 10 minute long
Nepals only cable car leads to the
Manakamana Devi temple at the hill
top (1315m asl). The temple dates back
to 17th century. Manakamana Devi is
believed to be the wish fulfilling goddess
and every year millions of devotees
from Nepal and abroad pay visit to this
temple. Legend has it that a King of
Gorkha was blessed by the goddess
to get victory over small kingdoms in
pursuit of making a big Gorkha.
After lunch session at Manakamana
bazaar, begins the first leg of the trek to
Bakyaswori Mahadeva temple (1515m)
situated 2 km north of Manakamana
temple. It is believed that goddess Satis
tongue fell at Bakyaswori Mahadeva,
and the shrine has spiritual power
to provide speech to speechless.
According to the priest, many mute
children have gained speech after
offering prayers to the shrine.

About 500m further uphill is a


Siddha Lakhan Thapa (founder of
the Manakamana temple) sacred
cave which also offers a magnificent
view of Manaslu Himalayan ranges.
Right next to the cave is a 250 years
old temple built during the reign of
King Prithvi Narayan Shah.
After this, the trek descends to
Tinmane Bhanjyang, a brief stop
for tea break. The village also offers
a home stay facility. Trek for day
one concludes at Pipalchap village
at Ghairung VDC. No commercial
lodging is available; however the
village has a home stay service with
genuine local food and rooms.
Main attraction of the village is a
temple dedicated to Himalaya Devi
which is visited by thousands of
devotees from different parts of
Gorkha. The temple bears a big bell
dating back to 1949 BS (1886 AD).

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Day l2

Trek to Gorkha Bazaar via Bungkot, Kaule Bhangar


(First Martyr Lakhan Thapa Village) (900m) - 5 hrs

ungkot is a historic birth place


of Lakhan Thapa, the first martyr
of Nepal. Lakhan Thapa (1891-1933
BS) was hanged to death with friend
Jaising Chumi Magar at his own home
on Falgun 2, 1933 BS for opposing the
tyrant Rana regime. Many people visit
Kaule Bhangar to pay tribute to the
first martyr of the nation.
Apart from its historical significance,
other attraction is Lakhan Thapa
memorial park built in the
commemoration of the first martyr
where a bust of the martyr has been
stalled. The park has a collection
of Lakhan Thapa's belongings
like swords and stone spout.
Interestingly, locals have stepped up

efforts in preserving these artifacts


without any external assistance.
Majority of the population in the
village is from Magar community.
Bungkot offers a home stay facility
and a delicious delicacy made with
fresh and locally grown produce.
From here, Gorkha Bazaar is 1.5 hours
of walk, the district headquarter of
Gorkha. There are several options for
accommodation - 3 star to budget
hotels - in Gorkha Bazaar.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l3

Gorkha excursion

Gorkha Palace

Gorkha Museum

The historical Gorkha palace from


where King Prithvi Narayan Shah
initiated unification of modern
Nepal is perched one thousand feet
above Gorkha Bazaar; the palace
dominates the surroundings and is
visible from all surrounding area. It
is regarded as a holy shrine. It also
offers visitors with fantastic views
of green valleys and the Himalayan
panorama. The palace also boasts
beautiful architecture

Gorkha museum is situated at


Gorkha bazaar. It has a wide range
of artifacts and personal belongings
of King Prithvi Narayan Shah along
with his 52 feet long chino (birth
detail). Apart from these collections
it has also wide range of objects
such as art, sculptures, coins and
several other articles on display.

Gorkhanath Cave
The cave of Gorakhnath is situated
about 10 m below the palace. The
cave is believed to be the shelter
of Gorakhanath Baba (great sage)
after whom the district obtained
its name. The sage was the guide
of Shah Dynasty who blessed and
provided his precious guidance to
the dynasty for the unification of
nation.

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Day l4

Drive and Trek from Gorkha


Bazaar Sirandada (1900m)

hachek is about 6-7 hours of


bus/jeep drive from Gorkha
Bazaar. Driving through curvaceous
mountain roads overlooking Daraudi
River is a thrilling experience.
Sirandanda, the final leg of day four,
is arrived after a short hike of one
hour from Bhachek.
A Hyolmo village, it is situated at
the hill top from where its name
has been derived to Sirandada.
Major attractions of Sirandanda
are: Nagepokhari, Dudhpokhari,
Bhot dodar, Chima, Dharadi
and tea garden. It also offers
a magnificent view of sunrise
and a stunning Manaslu range.
The village has a rich diversity
of medicinal herbs like nirmasi,

jedamasi, jatamasi, rato unyu,


yarsagumba, satuwa etc. Home
stay facility is available in the
village. Agriculture produce of
the village is organic potato and
unprocessed tea leaves. It is one of
the few villages in Gorkha District
to produce its own tea (not a
commercial production).
Sirandanda is struggling to find its
place in the tourist map despite
the overwhelming scenic beauty of
its landscape.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l5

Trek to Barpak village (1920m) - 7 hours walk

fter a walk of about 1.5 hours


towards Northeast is Mathar
village which is at an elevation of 1790
m asl. Further at a distance of 1.5 km
lies Ghyachowk, a stopover for lunch
where one can ask local to prepare
lunch. The destination for the fifth day
i.e. Barpak village is at a walking of
about 4.5 hours from Ghyachowk. En
route to Barpak are Dewalsara, Sum
River, Daraudi River, Goje and Alagang.
Barpak, mostly inhabited by exarmymen, is also known as the
village of late Capt. Gage Ghale
who was honored with Victoria
Cross Medal. Gurung and Ghale
community comprises the major
population of this village. It has
all the basic amenities such as
24-hour electricity, internet facility,
medical service, and hotels. It
has road access and buses from
Kathmandu commutes on a daily
basis (except monsoon season). The

unique sloppy shape with clustered


stone tile-roofed houses, stone
built narrow alleys and panoramic
view of Buddha Himal are the
major attractions of Barpak. For
accommodation, the village offers
well organized home stay facility
along with standard hotels. Barpak
has gained many national and
international acclaims - nominated
as a unique destination for Nepal
Tourism Year 2011; provided their
warm hospitality to many noted
personals, among them is German
Chancellor Dr Roman Herzog.

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Day l6

Trek to Laprak Village


(2100m) - 6 hours walk

hile on way to Laprak, one


will come across Basukang (a
junction that also leads to Rupinala
Pass famous destination among
Manaslu trekkers). Laprak village
(28.29 N and 84.78 E) located at
Laprak VDC is a landslide vulnerable
zone (Gurung, et al. 2011). The rain
triggered landslide in 1999 swept
away houses and about 12 hectares
of cultivated land. Since then, the
villagers are living in constant
fear (usually during the summer
monsoon). More damages were
reported in 2002, 2006, and 2007 due
to landslides (Gurung, et al. 2011).
Unlike other villages of Nepal, all
9 wards of the VDC are clustered
together. The temperature is warm

and cool from April to October and


cold and snowfall from November to
March. The most notable character
of Laprak is the wooden roofed
houses which bears a uniform look
in the entire VDC. Laprak, a typical
Gurung village, is also a pit stop for
the Manaslu trekkers. There are 2
hotels available for accommodation.
Laprak is also accessible from
Tatopani in the East and Gumda
village in the South.
The village is home to late Iman
Singh Gurung, first person from the
Gurung community from western
Nepal to summit Mt Everest. Most of
the villagers are engaged in tourism
business and few of them have also
earned international recognition.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l7

Trek to Nambai Kharka


(2700m) - 4 hours walk

The Kharka (pasture or cowshed) is


arrived after a moderate walk of 4
hours from Laprak. The Kharka is an
open pasture land with few temporary
houses of Laprakis (people of Laprak)
which provides them shelter during
plantation and harvest period of

potatoes. Trekkers need to be selfsufficient for food and lodging. There is


no toilet facility as well. During the stay
in Nambai Kharka, it is advised that
one should stick with vegetarian diet
as locals believe that slaughtering of
animals will bring ill to the trekkers.

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Day l8

Wake up early and hike to Dharche Danda - (3220m) for


sunrise view and majestic sightings of Manaslu Himalayan ranges,
then trek to Tallo Thotneri (1560m) - 7 hours walk

harche, the highest point of the


lower Manaslu trekking route,
offers a breathtaking 180 degree
panoramic view of more than 20
Himalayan peaks. Among Gurung
community, Dharche Danda (hill)
holds a religious significance. They
offer prayer to the hill deity to avoid
natural calamities. Also no felling of
trees is allowed in the area. It is also
believed that if tourists offer prayer
to the hill deity, they will be blessed
with clear visibility and will ward
off misfortune while on trek. Some
of the prominent peaks that can
be viewed from the top of Dharche
are: Annapurna, Annapurna
I, Annapurna II, Bharatsikhar,

Gangapurna, Machhapuchhre,
Lamtang, Himalchuli, Buddha
Himal, Sarang Peak, Malkunti Peak,
Babu Himal, Sringi Himal, Ganesh
I, Ganesh II and Ganesh III among
many others.
The eight day of the journey ends
at Tallo Thotnery, a village enriched
with Gurung culture. No commercial
lodging facility is available but
tourists have an option for home stay
where they will share local highlights
(Gurung dance and local delicacies).
The place also offers major attractions
such as: Sita Cave situated in the
southwest and Olajung Danda.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l9

Trek to Gyampesal via Sita Cave


6 hours walk

The famous cave is reached after


walking down1.8 km from Tallo
Thotneri. The cave is situated at 1165
m asl. Sita Cave, surrounded by dense
forest, holds a religious significance
among Hindus and it is one of the
major tourist attractions. Every
year during Ram Nawami which is
celebrated on the ninth day of the
bright fortnight of the Hindu month
of Chaitra (March and April) thousands
of Hindu devotees gather to pay

Day l10

homage to Lord Ram. It is believed


that goddess Sita, wife of Lord Ram,
spent some time and stayed here.
The caving experience in Sita Cave is
thrilling and adventurous.
After touring the cave we end the day
in Gyampesal, the final destination of
the trek, which is few hours walk from
for the Sita Cave for overnight stay on
camp or home stay.

Drive from Gyampesal


to Kathmandu

Bus departs at 8 am (daily) to Gorkha Bazaar which is 2.5 hrs of drive


from Ghyampesal. Bus services are available on a regular interval
from Gorkha to Kathmandu which is 6 hrs of drive.

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THE RUBY
Valley TREK
Ganesh
Himal Region

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Team Leaders

Saroj Neupane

Rajendra Subedi

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Introduction
Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwaa and Nuwakot districts are at the
geographical center of Nepal and lie at the heart of the nations history.
It is from these hills that Gorkhahillsmen, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah,
set out to unite Nepal in the late 1700s. Since then, Gorkha soldiers have
received international fame for their bravery and skill as warriors.
Although near to both Kathmandu
and Pokhara, the Ganesh Himal
Region has remained a well-kept
secret to all but Nepals most avid
trekkers. The unexplored area is
concealed between the popular
destinations of LangtangNational
Park and the Mansaslu Conservation
Area Project.
Wildflowers flourish, and waterfalls
embellish the lush hill scenery
in a land blessed with wideranging geographical, cultural and
biological diversity.
Sensational viewpoints feature the
sublime Himalaya to the north.
Most prominent is the Ganesh
Himal Range, a family of peaks
among the most attractive of the
entire Himalaya. The Ganesh massif
is named in honor of Hindu deity
Ganesh, son of Shiva and Parvati.
Selected viewpoints in the area
offer immense panoramas !
Most rewarding are the cultural
attractions including magnificent
Ganga Jamuna, twin waterfalls,
Kalo, Seto and Ganesh kunda, hot
spring and Tripurasundari temples
and especially the hospitable
people that inhabit the region. The

area is populated mainly by Tamang


Gurung and Ghale to the north, and
Brahmin, Chhetri, Dalit, Newar and
Chepang at the lower elevations
in the south. Visitors are warmly
welcomed by all with a friendliness
that makes Nepal legendary.
At least 10 separate trekking
itineraries are recommended
and await travelers promising
unforgettable adventures.
Government registered trekking
agencies will be happy to set
up visitors with a guide and all
necessities for exploring this
captivating, undiscovered region.
The area is easily accessed by the
Prithivi Highway and PasangLhamu
Highway along the southern
fringes, connecting Kathmandu
and Pokhara. Another adventurous
option is to hike in from the Tamang
Heritage Trail of Rasuwa and follow
the Ruby Trek, so named for the
precious stones harvested in the
area as well as Bhalche Nuwakot,
Gorkha and Dhading Besi.
We will take you along this route
with dramatic scenes of natural
beauty, village scenery and cultural
charm.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

GANESH HIMAL REGION

QUICK FACTS

Best time to visit: all season (views are clearest from


fall to spring)
Geography: mid to high-hills
Maximum elevation: Dobra Danda (Ganesh Himal
Viewpoint), 4341 m (14280 ft)
Minimum elevation: Dhading Besi (520m/1716 ft)
Facilities: camping, lodges and hotels, teahouses,
home stay (agencies can arrange all details)
Duration: one to three weeks
Accessibility: road connection including two major
highways (Prithvi and Pasang Lhamu)
Difficulty level: easy to moderate with advanced
options, too; best explored with guide
Formalities: Nepal Visa on arrival ($25 USD for 15
days, $40 USD for 30 days, or $100 USD for 3 months);

Langtang National Park Entry Fee, 3000 NRS ; Trekking


Information Management System (TIMS) card, $20 USD,
will be checked if passing through Dhunche (rather than
walking in from Bhalche, Dhading, Gorkha)
Food and lodging costs: minimal
Typical Nepali dish: daal-bhaat-tarakaari (lentil
soup, rice and vegetables)
Typical drink: chiyaa (sweet milk tea)
Highlights: indigenous ethnic groups (Gurung, Ghale,
Tamang, Brahmin, Chhetri, Dalit, Newar, Chepang) cultural
interaction, village scenery and lifestyle, Nepali hospitality,
Himalayan panoramas including the Ganesh Himal Range,
sacred lakes including Seto Kunda, Kalo Kunda, Ganesh
Kunda, Tin Kanya Temple, Triveni Temple, waterfalls,
hot springs, Hindu Temples including ParvatiKunda and
Tripursundari Temples, Buddhist monasteries, cheese
factory, immense viewpoints, herbal plants, crystal
and ruby mining, dances and festivals, historical sites,
unexplored territory, rare and exotic wildlife

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Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

56

Route 01

Ganesh Himal Cultural


Home Stay Trekking 7 days
Day l1

Kathmandu Shyabru Besi


(1503m/4945ft) 8-9 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive journey
from Kathmandu reaches Shyabru Besi, gateway to the Langtang Valley at the
confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving
and passing through Trisuli Bazaar, Ramche Gaon and Dhunche Bazaar makes you
scenic driving. Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape
along the way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi Chawatar (lunch) Gatlang


(2337m/7690 ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to Bahun Danda Pass and then down to the
Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone village on the Tamang Heritage
Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of Chawatar. Gatlang is a Tamang village with
unique customs and craftsmanship in a magnificent setting. Above lies Parvati
Kund, popular during Janai Purnima when thousands of pilgrims are attracted to
the sacred pond and nearby temple.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

57

Gatlang Village

Day l3

Gatlang Parvati Kund,Yuri Kharka (lunch)


Somdang (3271m/10760ft) 6-7 hrs

he trail ascends through pine


and rhododendron forest to a
lunch point of Yuri Kharka before
continuing to Khurphu Bhanjyang
and then dropping down to the
Somdang River, border between
Rasuwa and Dhading districts.
A sprawling mining compound, no
longer functioning but locals are

appealing government to revive


it, lies a few hours to the north
upriver. The hike passes through a
scenic valley featuring the 200 m
Chukarma Waterfall. The former
mine leaves a lot be explored and
is the site of a 1.4 km tunnel bored
into the mountain to extract zinc,
copper, tin, crystal and even highlyprized rubies.

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Day l4

Somdang - Pangsang Pass (3842 m) - Tipling


(2078m/6835ft) 6-7 hrs

angsang Kharka is a viewpoint


southwest of Somdang village
with a broad panorama of the
surrounding terrain. To the north
are the soaring peaks of Manaslu
and the Ganesh Himal Range. The
large meadow is graced with a giant
entry gateway and is a sensational
location for camping and taking in
the breathtaking scenery. The whole
Ganesh Himal region is blessed with
abundant herbal plants. Previously,
herbs were taken to Tibet along an
ancient trade route and exchanged
for salt, livestock, wool and
turquoise.
Descend to Tipling, a large village
that hosts two Buddhist gombas
and both a Protestant and Catholic

church. Along a ridge top to the


east is a gomba and cremation
ground for both Buddhists and
Christians lined with colorful flags.
Being a majority of Tamang people
it has beautiful Tamang culture
show. Tamang people have own
rich culture to show for the visitors
jhankri or shaman dance, ghode
or horse dance, said to have been
brought from Tibetan culture long
ago. Jhankri (shaman) activity is
robust in this territory with the
worship of natural forces and
indigenous local deities interwoven
with Hindu and Buddhist practices.
Mane dance, Mendo Maya, Paro
dance and Ghode (horse) dance as
well as Lama (monk) dance are quite
popular.
Pangsang Pass

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l5

Tipling Shertung/Chalish Borang Village


(1700m/5610ft) 5- 6 hrs

escend to cross the Adha Khola on a


box bridge and ascend to the sister
villages of Shertung and Chalish, regally
overlooking the fertile river valley and
abundant fields.
Shertung is inhabited mainly by
Tamang. The name Shertung means
place of gold. According to a legend
, two brothers in search of gold were
led here by a dream and thus the
settlement was born. Tamang people
have own rich culture to show for the
visitors Jhankri or shaman dance, ghode
or horse dance, said to have been
brought from Tibetan culture long ago.
Jhankri (shaman) activity is robust in
this territory with the worship of natural
forces and indigenous local deities
interwoven with Hindu and Buddhist
practices.
Chalish is inhabited primarily by
Gurung, Ghale and Kami. There used to
be Newar people but they migrated to
Kathmandu city. The hospitable people
of this area have unique customs and
craftsmanship and traditional dances,
including a hospitable welcome dance,
Ghatu Dance, Dohori is also popular

with call and response between male


and female participants, a type of
courtship ritual, complemented by folk
music. Some dances depend on the time
of year and take place during festivals
including the Maruni Dance during Dasai
and Tihar, Hai Nelo Dance of Tihar, and
the Ghatu (Ghasiri Dance) that occurs
during Chandi Purnima in the Nepali
month of Chaitra. Deusi and Bhailo
programs in Deepawali are also quite
popular. Gurung men traditionally wear
vangra, a woven, embroidered cotton
cloth tied at the ends that serves as a
pouch for carrying goods. Sri Tinkanya
Devi Mandir lies above Chalish. Local
women tie bits of cloth or leave a bangle
representing a wish to be fulfilled near
a small pool of water surrounded by
Barmase or periwinkle flowers.
Have lunch in Shertung or in Chalish
village and then trek continue to
Borang. If you have lunch at Shertung
village you trek to Borang via Awai
village whereas trekking via Chalish will
be passing through Gobre gaon. Borang
village also the Tamang community
village and similar culture of Tipling and
Shertung village will be found.

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Day l6

Borang Percho (lunch) Darkha Gaun


(850m/ 2805ft) 7-8 hrs

After breakfast trek all the down


to Lishne khola (2 hours walk)
and trek continue to Percho where
stop for lunch and trek continue to
Darkha Gaon.

Day l7

Passing through suspension bridges,


breath taking views of Ankhu khola
and Chyamchyat as well as Ri village
other side of the river finally reach
at Darkha gaon. This village is mix
culture village of Brahmin people
and Tamang as well as Dalit.

Darkha Gaun Darkha Phedi - Dhading Besi


Kathmandu (1310m/4323ft) 6 -7 hrs drive

After breakfast trek all the way down


to Darkha Phedi taking 45 minutes
downhill walk and then take sharing
local Jeep with other people and the
arrive in Dhading Besi after 3-4 hours
rough and tough zig zags road
drive. Crossing through Ankhu Khola

as well as Kimdang phedi villages,


Katunje and Jyamrung village
will make you fun driving having
fabulous landscape surroundings.
From Dhading change another bus
and drive back to Kathmandu taking
3 hours drive.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

61

Route 02

Ganesh Himal Cultural


and Hot Spring Home
Stay Trekking 9 days
Day l1

Kathmandu to Shyabru Besi


(1503m/4945ft) 8-9 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive journey
from Kathmandu reaches Shyabru Besi, gateway to the Langtang Valley at the
confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving and
passing through Trisuli Bazaar, Ramche Gaon and Dhunche Bazaar makes you full
of fun driving. Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape
along the way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi-Chawatar (lunch) Gatlang


(37m/7690ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to Bahun Danda Pass and then down to the
Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone village on the Tamang Heritage
Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of Chawatar. Gatlang is a Tamang village with
unique customs and craftsmanship in a magnificent setting. Above lies Parvati
Kund, popular during Janai Purnima when thousands of pilgrims are attracted to
the sacred pond and nearby temple.

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

62

Day l3

Gatlang Parvati Kunda, Yuri Kharka (lunch)


Somdang (3271m/10760 ft) 6-7 hrs

he trail ascends through pine


and rhododendron forest to a
lunch point of Yuri Kharka before
continuing to Khurphu Bhanjyang
and then dropping down to the
Somdang River, border between
Rasuwa and Dhading districts.
A sprawling mining compound, no
longer functioning but locals are

appealing government to revive it,


lies a few hours to the north upriver.
The hike passes through a scenic
valley featuring the 200 m Chukarma
Waterfall. The former mine leaves a
lot be explored and is the site of a 1.4
km tunnel bored into the mountain
to extract zinc, copper, tin, crystal and
even highly-prized rubies.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l4

Somdang to Pangsang (Aka, Pangsang) Pass (La)


(3842m/12640ft) 3 hrs

Pangsang Kharka is a viewpoint


southwest of Somdang village with a
broad panorama of the surrounding
terrain. To the north are the soaring
peaks of Manaslu and the Ganesh
Himal Range. The large meadow is
graced with a giant entry gateway and
is a sensational location for camping
and taking in the breathtaking scenery.
The whole Ganesh Himal region is
blessed with abundant herbal plants.
Previously, herbs were taken to Tibet
along an ancient trade route and

exchanged for salt, livestock, wool


and turquoise. This hill/danda/pass
is known as one of the most beautiful
and the best magnificent mountain
views point almost in 270 degrees
Langtang ragnes, Ganesh Himal ranges,
Manaslu ranges and bit of Annapurna
ranges mountain view point. So far
tea house has not developed yet so
highly recommended to have own tent
however local yak huts can be used
for a night halt. But dry fruits/food is
recommended for a night camp.

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64

Day l5

Pangsan Pass Tipling (lunch ) Shertung


(1875m/6188ft) 5-6 hrs

escend to Tipling, a large village


that hosts two Buddhist gombas
and both a Protestant and Catholic
church. Along a ridge top to the east
is a gomba and cremation ground for
both Buddhists and Christians lined
with colorful flags. Being a majority
of Tamang people it has beautiful
Tamang culture show. Descend to
cross the Adha Khola on a box bridge
and ascend to the sister villages
of Shertung and Chalish, regally
overlooking the fertile river valley and
abundant fields.
Shertung is inhabited mainly by
Tamang. The name Shertung means
place of gold. According to a legend

, two brothers in search of gold were


led here by a dream and thus the
settlement was born. Tamang people
have own rich culture to show for
the visitors jhankri or shaman dance,
ghode or horse dance, said to have
been brought from Tibetan culture
long ago. Jhankri (shaman) activity is
robust in this territory with the worship
of natural forces and indigenous local
deities interwoven with Hindu and
Buddhist practices. Holy Chyamra
danda, Fyanchyat monastery and
Sajyat are the main holy attractions
of the village. Spectacular mountain
view of Lapsang Karpo, Ganesh Himal
(Yangri) as well as Ganesh II and III can
be seen from this village.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l6

Visit Hot Spring (2 hrs walk) and back


Chalish Gaon (1674m/5505ft.) 5 hrs

After breakfast , trek down to Chalish


village taking 30 minutes walk, leave
your luggage and trek to Tatopani (hot
springs) walking 1 hours where pack
lunch will be suited to eat (no lodge
has built yet). Enjoy half of the day
taking bath with one of the best hot
spring of this region. After enjoying
return back to Chalish village.
Chalish is inhabited primarily by
Gurung, Ghale and Kami. There used to
be Newar people but they migrated to
Kathmandu city. The hospitable people
of this area have unique customs and
craftsmanship and traditional dances,
including a hospitable welcome dance,
Ghatu Dance, Dohori is also popular
with call and response between male
and female participants, a type of
courtship ritual, complemented by
folk music. Some dances depend on

the time of year and take place during


festivals including the Maruni Dance,
Dausi, Bhailo during Dashain and Tihar,
Hai Nelo Dance of Tihar, and the Ghatu
(Ghasiri Dance) that occurs during
Chandi Purnima in the Nepali month of
Chaitra. Gurung men traditionally wear
vangra, a woven, embroidered cotton
cloth tied at the ends that serves as
a pouch for carrying goods. Sri Tin
Kanya Devi Mandir lies above Chalish.
Local women tie bits of cloth or leave
a bangle representing a wish to be
fulfilled near a small pool of water
surrounded by Barmase or periwinkle
flowers. This village is known as one
of the most friendliest of the areas
in terms of culture show program,
hospitality, kindness and helpful. Most
of the youngsters of this village are in
tourism work as a trek guide, Sherpa,
porter even trek and travel owners.

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Day l7

Chalish Ukhum (lunch) Jharlang (Ungul)


(3000m/9900ft) 5-6 hrs

After breakfast trek to Mani Danda


30 minutes walk from where you will
see the breath taking Ganesh Himal
ranges mountain views and a stone
throw entire Chalish village views
on the back. Trek continue passing
Deul danda, Gobre village (hilly edge
walking slow walking is recommended
with your guide and porter), Chhap
danda and Bandare Bhir where rock
climbing possibility has been seen.
So any rock climber who is willing

to climb is highly recommended but


basic infrastructure has not developed
yet. Arrive Borang village which is also
majority of Tamang people and trek
continue to Ukhum for lunch. After
lunch trek continue to Lishne jungle,
cross suspension bridge, passing
through Chhapchyat village you finally
get to Jharlang village (Ungul). One of
the best and panoramic mountain view
point of the area. This is Tamang village
and belongs nearly 200 houses.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l8

Jharlang Gaun Darkha Gaun


(850m/2805ft) 6-7 hrs

After breakfast trek most of the way down to Jharlang Phedi walking 2
hours passing paddy terraces and surrounding landscapes. Passing through
suspension bridges, breath taking views of Ankhu khola and Chyamchyat as
well as Ri village other side of the river finally reach at Darkha gaon. This village
is mix culture of Brahmin people and Tamang as well as Dalit.

Day l9

Darkha Gaun Darkha Phedi Dhading Besi


Kathmandu (1310m/4323ft.) 6-7 hrs drive

After breakfast trek all the way down to Darkha Phedi taking 45 minutes down
hill walk and then take sharing local Jeep with other people and the arrive in
Dhading Besi after 3-4 hours rough and tough zig zags road drive. Crossing
through Ankhu Khola as well as Kimdang phedi villages, Katunje village and
Jyamrung village will make you breath taking scenic driving having fabulous
landscape surroundings. From Dhading change another bus and drive back to
Kathmandu taking 3 hours driving.

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Route 03

Ganesh Himal Strenuous


Kalo and Seto Kunda
Camping Trekking 17 days
Day l1

Kathmandu Shyabru Besi


(1503m / 4945 ft) 8-9 hrs drive

he vehicle journey from Kathmandu by local bus or private


four-wheel vehicle begins in the morning and travels through
scenic landscape. Pass Trishuli Bazaar, Ramche Gaon, and Dhunche
before reaching Shyabru Besi, gateway to the Langtang Valley at
the confluence of the BhoteKosi and Langtang Rivers.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi-Chawatar (lunch) to Gatlang


(37m/7690ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to BahunDanda Pass and then down to
the Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone village on the Tamang
Heritage Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of Chawatar. Gatlang is a Tamang village
with unique customs and craftsmanship in a magnificent setting. Above lies
ParvatiKund, popular during JanaiPurnimaa when thousands of pilgrims are
attracted to the sacred pond and nearby temple.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l3

Gatlang Parvati Kunda,Yuri Kharka (lunch)


Somdang (3271m/10760 ft) 6-7 hrs

The trail ascends through pine and rhododendron forest to a lunch point of Yuri
Kharka before continuing to Khurphu Bhanjyang and then dropping down to
the Somdang River, border between Rasuwaa and Dhading districts.
Asprawling mining compound, no longer functioning, lies a few hours to the
north upriver and locals are appealing to the government to re-open it. The hike
passes through a scenic valley featuring the 200 m Chukarma Waterfall. The
former mine leaves a lot be explored and is the site of a 1.4 km tunnel bored
into the mountain to extract zinc, copper, tin, crystal and even highly-prized
rubies.

Day l4

Somdang Pangsang Pass (La)


(3842m/ft.12640) 3-4 hrs

Pangsang Pass is a viewpoint southwest of Somdang village with a broad


panorama of the surrounding terrain. To the north are the soaring peaks of
Manaslu and the Ganesh Himal Range. The large meadow is graced with a
giant entry gateway and is a sensational location for camping and taking in the
breathtaking scenery. Locals are planning to build a lodge here and until then, it
is best to bring your own provisions for an overnight stay.
The whole Ganesh Himal region is blessed with abundant herbal plants.
Previously, herbs were taken to Tibet along an ancient trade route and
exchanged for salt, livestock, wool and turquoise.

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Day l5

Pangsang Pass Tipling (lunch) Shertung /


Chalish (1875m/6188 ft) 5-6 hrs

escend to Tipling, a large village that


hosts two Buddhist gombas and both
a Protestant and Catholic church. Along
a ridge top to the east is a gomba and
cremation ground for both Buddhists and
Christians lined with colorful flags.
Descend to cross the AdhaKhola on
a box bridge and ascend to the sister
villages of Shertung and Chalish,
regally overlooking the fertile river
valley and abundant fields.
Shertung is inhabited mainly by
Tamang. The name Shertung means
place of gold. According to a legend
, two brothers in search of gold were
led here by a dream and thus the
settlement was born. Tamang people
have own traditional dances including
the Jhankri or Shaman dance, Ghode
or horse dance, said to have been
brought from Tibetan culture long
ago. Jhankri (shaman) activity is robust
in this territory with the worship of
natural forces and indigenous local
deities interwoven with Hindu and
Buddhist practices. Chalish is inhabited
primarily by Gurung, Ghale and Kami.
Former Newar inhabitants have
migrated to the Kathmandu Valley.

Day l6

The hospitable people of Chalish have


unique customs and craftsmanship
and traditional dances, including a
hospitable welcome dance and Ghatu
Dance. Dohori is also popular with
call and response between male and
female participants, a type of courtship
ritual, complemented by folk music.
Some dances depend on the time of
year and take place during festivals
including the Maruni dance during
Dashain and Tihar, Hai Nelo dance of
Tihar, and the Ghatu (Ghasiri dance)
that occurs during Chandi Purnima in
the Nepali month of Chaitra. Gurung
men traditionally wear vangra, a
woven, embroidered cotton cloth tied
at the ends that serves as a pouch for
carrying goods.
Sri Tin Kanya Devi Mandir lies above
Chalish. Local women tie bits of cloth
or leave a bangle representing a
wish to be fulfilled near a small pool
of water surrounded by Barmase or
periwinkle flowers.
Shertung and Chalish are a 2 days
walk and 6-7 local bus drive from
Kathmandu.

Chalish Hindung (Gomba Danda)


(2402m/7900 ft) 4 -5 hrs

indung is a Tamang village of around 550 inhabitants.Crystals


and rubies are harvested in areas to the north and yarsagumba
is hunted, too, in the surrounding highlands.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l7

71

Hindung Danda Thulo Dhunga


(3337m/10975 ft) 4-5 hrs

hulo Dhunga is a camp site with views of waterfalls tumbling down across
the valley. Flora and fauna abound in the Ganesh Himal region. Wildlife
includes musk deer, jharal a type of goat, wild boar, langur, leopard, pheasant
and partridge. Vegetation includes bamboo, rhododendron and juniper
among abundant wildflowers.

Day l8

Thulo Dhunga Base Camp/ Nojet Kharka


(3691m/12140ft) 6 hrs

he trail continues steeply with occasional jaw-dropping views of the snowy peaks.
Continue through seasonal grazing areas to eventually drop into an immense
green meadow and splendid camp site known as Nojet Kharka.

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Day l9

Exploration Day/viewpoint

climb to the ridge to the


northeast, Dobra Danda, is
rewarded with a supreme viewpoint
of towering Ganesh Himal. The
mesmerizing sight is unforgettable.
Two small lakes shimmer below at
the foot of the Himalaya. Kalo Kunda
or Black Lake has waters that mirror
the awe-inspiring surroundings and
the smaller SetoKunda or White
Lake has a seasonal pasture nearby.
These lakes are said to have mystical

powers that will bless visitors


but anybody who misbehaves
will be punished with poor
weather and difficult travels.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

from Base Camp Hindung /Gomba


Day l10 Return
Danda (2402m/7900 ft) 7-8 hrs
Hindung is a Tamang village of around 550 inhabitants. Crystals
and rubies are harvested in areas to the north and yarsagumba is
hunted too in the surrounding highlands.

to hot springs to Rachyat Gaon/


Day l11 Hindung
Kapur Gaon (1500m/4950 ft) 5-6 hrs
Follow the Tatopani (Hot Spring) River south to a built up riverside hot springs
with a bathing pool and 3 taps. Relax and rejuvenate the body, mind and spirit.
The trail onward follows stone steps built by Kadoorie Agri Aid Association
and British Gurkhas of Nepal. Both organizations are active in this area and
responsible for building many water taps, bridges and improved trails. Pass
through Tir on the way to the hospitable villages of Racyat and Kapur.

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Kapur Gaon Lapa (lunch) Khading


Day l12 Rachyat/
Gaon (2025m/6660ft) 4-5 hrs
Pass through Lapchyat, a charming Gurung village with nearly 30 homes. Cross
the Lapa Khola on a box bridge and ascend along a trail surrounded by fields to
the walled compound of a newly built hospital of the large town of Lapa Gaon
with over 400 homes. Above Lapa Gaon is Khading, one of the largest Gurung
settlements in the area. The residents have a welcoming spirit, and the people
are enthusiastic to perform cultural dances with traditional music.

Gaon to Magne Goth


Day l13 Khading
(2950m/9735 ft) 4 hrs
Steeply up the hill to the west in a tall, blue pine forest with
rambling rhododendron is Magne Goth, and nearby is a large
boulder, location of ruby extraction.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Goth Lapu Danda


Day l14 Magne
(1250m/4125 ft) 5-6 hrs
Enter Gorkha District on the descent to cross the Chote Khola before ascending
through lush forest and descending into a valley with excellent panoramas
including Manaslu, soaring in the western horizon. Pass through the scenic villages
of Dhonchet, Kartunje and Manbu and re-enter Dhading District to reach the
magnificently located Lapu Danda, chiefly a Brahmin village with a large school in
an area with luxuriant vegetation, surrounded by bountiful fields. Take in views of
snow-clad Himalchuli and Shringi peaks with a section of the Ganesh range.

Danda Ganga Jamuna


Day l15 Lapu
(950m/3135ft) 5-6 hrs
The path climbs through fertile fields of Baseri as
it ascends to Danda Gaon, with excellent views of
Manaslu, Shringi Himal, Himalchuli and range of
Ganesh himal. Continue gradually to the glorious
twin waterfalls of Ganga Jamuna.

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Jamuna - Tripura Sundari


Day l16 Ganga
(850m/2805ft) 5-6 hrs
This day will be an easy walking day passing through mostly Brahmin villages
and scenic lowland terrain with abundant paddy terraces. Especially alluring
is the local culture of this area and surroundings blessed with mountain views
including the Manaslu range and the meandering Ankhu river.

Sundari - Kathmandu
Day l17 Tripura
(1310m/4323ft) 2 hrs hike, 5-6hrs drive
Enjoy breakfast at Tripura Sundari before the short, downhill hike to Khahare
Bazaar where bus service to Kathmandu is easily arranged.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Route 04

Ganesh Himal Jolly


Cultural Trekking 10 days
Day l1

Kathmandu to Shyabru Besi


(1503m/4945ft) 8-9 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive
journey from Kathmandu reaches Shyabru Besi, gateway to the
Langtang Valley at the confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang
Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving and passing through Trisuli Bazaar,
Ramche Gaon and Dhunche Bazaar makes you scenic driving. Narrow
and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape along the
way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi - Chawatar(lunch) to Gatlang


(2337m/7690 ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to Bahun Danda Pass and then down to
the Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone village on the Tamang
Heritage Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of Chawatar. Gatlang is a Tamang
village with unique customs and craftsmanship in a magnificent setting. Above
lies Parvati Kund, popular during Janai Purnima when thousands of pilgrims
are attracted to the sacred pond and nearby temple.

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Day l3

Gatlang - Parvati Kund ,Yuri Kharka (lunch)Somdang (3271m/10760ft) 6 - 7 hrs

he trail ascends through pine and rhododendron forest to a lunch point of


Yuri Kharka before continuing to Khurpu Bhanjyang and then dropping
down to the Somdang River, border between Rasuwa and Dhading districts.
A sprawling mining compound, no longer functioning but it seems locals
appealing government to revive it, lies a few hours to the north upriver. The hike
passes through a scenic valley featuring the 200 m Chukarma Waterfall. The
former mine leaves a lot be explored and is the site of a 1.4 km tunnel bored into
the mountain to extract zinc, copper, tin, crystal and even highly-prized rubies.

Day l4

Somdang - Pangsang Pass (3842 m) - Tipling


(2078m/6835ft) 6-7 hrs

angsang Kharka is a viewpoint


southwest of Somdang village
with a broad panorama of the
surrounding terrain. To the north
are the soaring peaks of Manaslu
and the Ganesh Himal Range. The
large meadow is graced with a giant
entry gateway and is a sensational
location for camping and taking in
the breathtaking scenery. The whole
Ganesh Himal region is blessed with
abundant herbal plants. Previously,
herbs were taken to Tibet along an
ancient trade route and exchanged
for salt, livestock, wool and turquoise.
Descend to Tipling, a large village
that hosts two Buddhist gombas
and both a Protestant and Catholic

church. Along a ridge top to the east


is a gomba and cremation ground for
both Buddhists and Christians lined
with colorful flags. Being a majority
of Tamang people it has beautiful
Tamang culture show. Tamang
people have own rich culture to show
for the visitors jhankri or shaman
dance, ghode or horse dance, said
to have been brought from Tibetan
culture long ago. Jhankri (shaman)
activity is robust in this territory with
the worship of natural forces and
indigenous local deities interwoven
with Hindu and Buddhist practices.
Mane dance, Mendo Maya, Paru
dance and Ghode (horse) dance as
well as Lama (monk) dance are quite
popular.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l5

Tipling Awai (lunch) Borang Gaun


(1700 m/5610 ft) 5 hrs

fter breakfast trek all the way down to Ada Khola khola taking about 35
minutes walk and then ascend uphill to Shertung village about an hour
walking. Finally arrive at Shertung village which is inhabitant of Tamang people
as well as Newar and Dalit. Trek continue to Kalga Danda from where you will
see the magnificent Ganesh Himal ranges mountain views and Chalish village
and surrounding landscape. Trek to Awai little one village of Tamang community
where have lunch and trek continue to Borang gaon. From Awai to Borang is
quite easy walking most of the way down hill passing through paddy terraces
and suspension bridge.

Day l6

Borang Gaon- Chyamthali (lunch) Kaule Thati


(2350m/7755ft) 5 -6 hrs

ake breakfast and then trek all


the way down to Ukhum from
where you will find two ways to get
trek ending point to Dhading Besi,
one is lower part and another is
upper part. We will lead you this trek
upper part because upper part you
will see many villages and even the
better mountain views whereas in
the lower part you will see only the
river views but no mountain views
at all. From Ukhum when you walk
just a bit down you will enter in to
Lishne jungle just turning left side
upper part walk in the pine jungle
forest about an hour and halt you
will get finally Lishne Kohla or locally
called Gashali. There is no tea houses
or local villages at all in this jungle
walk. Although its safe but trek with
your guide or porter who knows
the right track will be fine. Cross a

beautiful suspension bridge and trek


all the way up to Chhapchat village
(30 minutes uphill walk) and then
after walking 30 minutes arrive at
Chyamthali village where you stop for
lunch. After lunch start your trek and
cross big landslide. In the monsoon
it is bit slippery so without local
guide you are not recommended to
cross this landslide, your guide may
know trail well however if you had
not been in this landslide before we
recommend to have local helper to
show the right track and help to cross.
It takes about an hour to cross. In the
beginning and ending part quite fine
but just middle part has bit dangerous.
After crossing landslide trek continue
and finally arrive at Kaule That village
taking about 3 hours walking from
lunch spot. Its another Tamang village
but not big in size.

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Day l7

Kaule Thati to Kuri (lunch) to Khaniyabas/


Satedevi (1785m/5891ft) 6-7 hrs

ake breakfast at the same place


and trek all the way down hill
to Dungre Khola about 1 hours
down hill walking. Cross suspension
bridge and uphill walking about 2
hours to get to Kuri Village. This
is also a Tamang village lies right on
the top of the hill from where you
will see the beautiful surrounding
landscape. There is no village or tea
shops in between camp point to
Kuri village so some snacks or dry
fruits will be very useful to carry with
you. A bottle of boiled water will
be very useful. From the river uphill
walking will be passing through thick
jungle so local guide or experience
trek guide is highly recommended.
After lunch trek continue having
mesmerizing surrounding landscape.
Pass Birchet village and finally arrive
at Khaniyabas village which is known

from the its VDC Satya Devi. Its about


2 hours walk from lunch spot and
Satya Devi has several local lodges/tea
shops for local and trekkers. In your
camp site there is a beautiful temple
named Shree Bachchhala Devi and
by its name local has a school nearby
where students have opportunity to
study 10+2. On the clear weather day
you will see the best and breath taking
sun set views. Ankhu river views and
Todke hill in horizon gives you a
magnificent landscape. Tamang,
Bhramin and Dalit people live in
Khaniyabas. This is also the village from
where if any one interested after 2
days walk to Trisuli Bazaar and 4 hours
drive you will get back to Kqthmandu.
On the way on the clear weather
day panoramic Mt. Manaslu ranges.
Langtang ranges and Ganesh Himal
ranges will be viewed.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l8

Khaniyabas Archale (lunch) Marpak


(1704m/5605ft) 6 hrs

fter breakfast trek all the way down to Maur Khola cross suspension
bridge (1 hours walking) and uphill trek about 2 hours. Finally arrive
Archale, take lunch and trek continue to Marpak in 3 hours walking. This is a
beautiful mountain view point little bit of Annapurna ranges. Mt. Manaslu
ranges and Ganesh Himal ranges too. It has surrounding sites view including
Khaniyabas, Sat Dobato, Kimdang Phedi, Katunje, Rinne, Ankhu Khola and
little bit of Salyantar.

Day l9

Marpak Simpani (lunch) Katunje


(1380m/4540ft) 5-6 hrs

ost of the day will pass through mix culture villages, paddy terraces
and breath taking hill terrain views. After walking 5-6 hours finally
get to Katunje village and over night at local tea shops. Katunje is Bhramin
majority village and this is another mountain view point from where you will
enjoy the best sun rise and sun set view experience including breath taking
mountain views of the Manaslu, Ganesh Himal and Langtang ranges.

Day l10

Katunje to Dhading Besi Kathmandu


(1360m/4475ft) 2.5 hrs walk and 3 hrs drive

fter breakfast, walk a bit uphill track and trek down to Dhading Besi
(2 hours) the district head quarter of Dhading district, enjoy village
city experience , take lunch and 3 hours Prithivi high way drive back to
Kathmandu.

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Route 05

Ganesh Himal Fabulous


Cultural Home Stay
Trekking 11 days
Day l1

Kathmandu Shyabru Besi


(1503m/4945 ft.) 8-9 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive
journey from Kathmandu reaches Shyabru Besi, gateway to the
Langtang Valley at the confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang
Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving and passing through Trisuli Bazaar,
Ramche Gaon and Dhunche Bazaar makes you scenic driving. Narrow
and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape along the
way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi Chawatar (lunch) Gatlang


1 hour drive, (2337m//7690ft) 5- 6 hrs

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to Bahun Danda Pass and then down
to the Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone village on the
Tamang Heritage Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of Chawatar. Gatlang is a
Tamang village with unique customs and craftsmanship in a magnificent
setting. Above lies Parvati Kund, popular during Janai Purnimaa when
thousands of pilgrims are attracted to the sacred pond and nearby temple.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l3

Gatlang Parvati Kunda ,Yuri Kharka (lunch)


Somdang (3271m/10760ft.) 6-7 hrs

he trail ascends through pine and rhododendron forest to a lunch


point of Yuri Kharka before continuing to Khurphu Bhanjyang and then
dropping down to the Somdang River, border between Rasuwa and Dhading
districts. A sprawling mining compound, no longer functioning but locals
are appealing government to revive it, lies a few hours to the north upriver.
The hike passes through a scenic valley featuring the 200 m Chukarma
Waterfall. The former mine leaves a lot be explored and is the site of a 1.4 km
tunnel bored into the mountain to extract zinc, copper, tin, crystal and even
highly-prized rubies.

Day l4

Somdang Pangsang Pass (La)


(3842m/12640ft) 3-4 hrs

angsang Kharka is a viewpoint


southwest of Somdang village
with a broad panorama of the
surrounding terrain. To the north
are the soaring peaks of Manaslu
and the Ganesh Himal Range. The
large meadow is graced with a giant
entry gateway and is a sensational
location for camping and taking in
the breathtaking scenery.
The whole Ganesh Himal region is
blessed with abundant herbal plants.

Previously, herbs were taken to


Tibet along an ancient trade route
and exchanged for salt, livestock,
wool and turquoise. Locals are
initiating to build a basic lodge
accommodation the right pass of
the Pangsang but has not built yet
so trekkers are recommended to
take own tent for the night camp
or just pass your night sheltering
in poor yak hut. Dry fruits or food
highly recommend to take for
your dinner.

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Day l5

Pangsang Pass Lapdung (lunch) Linju


(2020m/6666ft) 5-6 hrs

ave a look the best sun rise view and magnificent 270 degrees mountain
views, take breakfast and then trek to all the way down to Lapdung village.
Passing through himalayan pine tree, fir and amazing rhododendron forest thick
jungle along the way arrive and have lunch at Laptung village. After lunch turn
right side and passing Phyang village, paddy terraces and surrounding landscape
finally arrive in Linju Village. This area has not developed so much yet for tourism
however in the initiation of Ganesh Himal Tourism Development Committee
(GHTDC) locals have small community lodge/house where trekkers or visitors can
have local basic meals.

Day l6

Linju - Chalish
(1674m/5505ft) 4-5 hrs

After breakfast trek all the way down


hill to Kululu river arrive Simlya village
(few houses) and trek continue to
Barbarya Khola crossing a suspension
bridge trek little bit uphill and
arrive Chalish Gaon. Total 3 hours
walking. Take lunch half of the day
rest and over night at local house/
community lodge.
Chalish is inhabited primarily by
Gurung, Ghale and Kami. There
used to be Newar people but they
migrated to Kathmandu city. The
hospitable people of this area have
unique customs and craftsmanship
and traditional dances, including a
hospitable welcome dance, Ghatu
Dance, Dohori is also popular with
call and response between male
and female participants, a type of
courtship ritual, complemented by

folk music. Some dances depend


on the time of year and take place
during festivals including the Maruni
Dance during Dasai and Tihar, Hai
Nelo Dance of Tihar, and the Ghatu
(Ghasiri Dance) that occurs during
Chandi Purnima in the Nepali month
of Chaitra. Gurung men traditionally
wear vangra, a woven, embroidered
cotton cloth tied at the ends that
serves as a pouch for carrying goods.
Sri Tinkanya Devi Mandir lies above
Chalish. Local women tie bits of cloth
or leave a bangle representing a
wish to be fulfilled near a small pool
of water surrounded by Barmase or
periwinkle flowers.
In the evening mother group of
Chalish gaon will welcome you
performing Gurung typical dance
program and culture show.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l7

Chalish - hot spring (lunch) Tir Gaon


(1866m/6140ft) 5 hrs

fter breakfast, say goodbye to


villagers and trek down to Khar
Khola (30 minutes walking) cross
suspension bridge after walking a bit
uphill hill terrain hill reach at Pasabar
and continue trek to Tatopani (hot
spring) 1 hours walking. have
lunch, enjoy rest of the day in hot
spring right bank of the river. After
lunch trek continue to Tir Gaon. It is
a small Gurung village where now
Tamang people also live together.
From Tatopani to Tir Gaon surrounding
landscape if beautiful but as most

Day l8

of the way will have to walk through


hairpin rock falling hill walking
carefully with local guide will be wise.
In the year 1990 a big landslide over
the village named Templa danda
had killed about 15 people, 50 cattle
and hundreds hectors of land had
destroyed. It seems stopped (no
more landslide) but still bit careful
while you will be passing through.
Community lodges has not developed
yet but people here will be waiting to
welcome you to stay in their small huts
and just for a night shelter is fine.

Tir Gaon Lapchet (lunch) Lapa Gaon


(1850m/6105ft) 4-5 hrs

fter breakfast trek to Ludo Danda and reach at Rachyat village. Its bit
hilly valley walking so walking carefully with local guide will be safe.
Pass through Lapchyat village of Gurung and Kupchyat of Tamang village
finally you get to Lapa gaon. It is one of the biggest village in this region and
has big community of Tamang people live. Lapa gaon also have beautiful
Tamang culture and occasionally you will be shown their culture show
performance. Lapa has two basic lodges but other lodges are processing to
build for comfort of coming tourist.

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Day l9

Lapa Ukhum (lunch) Jharlang (Ungul)


(3000m/9900ft ) 5-6 hrs

ake breakfast and then trek all the way down to Ankhu khola (1
hours walking) cross suspension bridge, bit uphill walking and finally
arrive at Ukhum for lunchl. After lunch trek continue to Lishne jungle, cross
suspension bridge, passing through Chhapchyat village you finally get to
Jharlang village (Ungul). One of the best and panoramic mountain view
point of the area. This is Tamang village and belongs nearly more than 200
houses.

Shaman dance

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Aankhu water falls

Day l10

Jharlang Gaun Darkha Gaun


(850m/2805ft) 6-7 hrs

fter breakfast trek most of the way down to Jharlang Phedi walking 2
hours passing paddy terraces and surrounding landscapes. Passing through
suspension bridges, breath taking views of Ankhu khola and Chyamchyat as well
as Ri village other side of the river. Finally reach at Darkha gaon. This village is
mix culture village of Brahmin people and Tamang as well as Dalit.

Day l11

Darkha Gaun Darkha Phedi Dhading Besi


Kathmandu (1310m/4323ft.) 6 -7 hrs drive

fter breakfast trek all the way down to Darkha Phedi taking 45 minutes
down hill walk and then take sharing local Jeep with other people and arrive
in Dhading Besi after 3-4 hours rough and tough zig zags road drive. Crossing
through Ankhu Khola as well as Kimdang phedi villages, Katunje village and
Jyamrung village will make you breath taking scenic driving having fabulous
landscape surroundings. From Dhading change another bus and drive back to
Kathmandu taking 3 hours driving.

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Route 06

Ganesh Himal Singla Pass


Camping Trekking 09 days
This journey to Sing La Pass (4,200 m) offers an extraordinary panorama of the
Ganesh Himal Massif, Manaslu, and the Langtang Range. Highlights of this journey
include not only the mountain views but abundant flora and fauna, magnificent
village scenery and the welcoming people of the mid-hills with their captivating
customs and traditions. The best season to visit is September to November as
well as February through June, and even outside of these times the spectacular
attractions and relatively low elevation make it an all-season adventure. The trail
begins from Kathmandu and follow the same road route to Bhalche a town on the
border between Nuwakot District to the south and Rasuwa District to the north.
Bhalche is about 30 km north of the large bazaar town of Trishuli.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l1

Kathmandu Bhalche
(1850m/6105ft). 6-7 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive
journey from Kathmandu reaches Bhalche Gaon after driving
approximately 5 hrs. This is also the gateway to the Langtang Valley at
the confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang Rivers. Mesmerizing
scenic driving and passing through Trisuli Bazaar and Betrawati makes
you scenic driving. Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but
amazing landscape along the way driving will make you good start day
drive of the trek. You will even able to start your trek on the same day
but due to bit rough and tough driving spending a night in Bhalche
will give you excellent acclimatization day.

Day l2

Bhalche Gongga (lunch) Rupchet


(3850m/12705ft) 6hrs.

fter breakfast trek bit uphill and have breath taking views on the back
of Bhalche village. Trek continue passing thorough high tropical jungle
and mesmerizing jungle views as well as surrounding landscape. Arrive
in Thulo Kharka and stop for lunch after lunch trek continue to Rupchet
where you will find beautiful camp site and yak huts. It has amazing mother
goddess blessing hillside views and its mysterious periphery views.

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Day l3

Rupchet via Singla Pass (4200 m/13860ft)


Shertung /Chalish Gaon (1875m/6187ft) 6-7 hrs

fter breakfast trek all the


way hill top near Singla Pass
(4200m) having the best almost
270 degrees panoramic mountain
views of Langtang ranges, massift
Ganesh himal ranges, Mt. Manaslu
ranges and little bit of Annapurna
ranges. Enjoy the best views and
then trek all the down to Shertung
gaon passing through high
tropical jungle, rhododendron
forest, Himalayan pine forest,
oak, fire, Himalayan bamboo and
surprising wildlife experience with
many Kharkas (cow, sheep and
goat huts). Iljyang water fall and
its surrounding landscape is an
extra ordinary views of the day. On
the way quick visit to Phyanchyat

Day l4

monastery and finally arrive in


Shertung village.
Shertung is inhabited mainly by
Tamang. The name Shertung
means place of gold. According to
a legend , two brothers in search
of gold were led here by a dream
and thus the settlement was born.
Tamang people have own rich
culture to show for the visitors
jhankri or shaman dance, ghode
or horse dance, said to have been
brought from Tibetan culture long
ago. Jankri (shaman) activity is
robust in this territory with the
worship of natural forces and
indigenous local deities interwoven
with Hindu and Buddhist practices.

Shertung hot spring (lunch) Neber Gaon


(2020m/6666ft) 5 hrs

ake breakfast and then just after walking 30 minutes down hill you
arrive in Chalish the most stunning hospitality village of the area
where majority of Gurung people and small portion of Dalit people live
together. Trek continue to Tatopani (hot spring) where you enjoy half of
day taking bath and have lunch. This is probably the best hot springs in
the area but tourist infrastructure has not developed yet (lodge, meals
etc) however taking pack lunch from Shertung village or from Chalish
village will be much better. After lunch trek all way up to pristine Tamang
village named Neber. Just from side of the village you will see the breath
taking Ganesh Himal view just like your face and mirror (so close view).
Enjoy high valley village stay with locals at their local house.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l5

Neber Rachyat (lunch) Lapa Gaon


(1850m/6105ft) 4-5 hrs

ake breakfast and trek all


the way up to Timla Pass
(2,850m/9,405ft) walking about
2 hours, have a look the best
stunning massive Ganeshe Himal
ranges and Langtang himal
ranges too. Its best flora and fauna
experience as well as surrounding
landscape will make you the best
day of the trek. Passing through
dense Himalayan alpine jungle is
another charm of the trek. Trek with
local guide is highly recommend as
trek trail is not well marked in this
area. Water will be available but still
tea house has not built yet. After
enjoying the scenery trek all the
down stone steps and bit slippery

Day l6

down hill walking to Lapchat gaon


it is a charming Gurung village with
nearly 30 homes. Cross the Lapa
Khola on a box bridge and ascend
along a trail surrounded by fields
to the walled compound of a newly
built hospital of the large town of
Lapa gaon with over 400 homes.
Lapa gaon also a big community
of Tamang people where you will
have a lots of opportunities to learn
about Tamang culture. It has at least
two local guest house and villagers
are initiating to build more lodge
for the tourist comfort. Simple food
and simple dormitory shelter but
good enough for a night halt.

Lapa Gaon Ri Gaon


(1550m/5115ft). 5 hrs

ake breakfast at the same place and then trek a bit down hill and
right turn to Chyamchyat village. Front side Jharlang area and down
in the gorge Ankhu khola view lure any tourist walking on this way but
its a hilly terrain track walking so careful walking is highly recommended.
Passing through local villages, paddy terraces and little bit of jungle
finally arrive at Kutawal village where stop for lunch and trek continue
via Tawal to Ri Gaon. Ri village has a big community of Tamang people
and Dalit. Local houses is good enough for night shelter and community
lodges are building soon by the locals for the trekkers.

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Day l7

Ri Gaon Phulkharka
(1210m/3993 ft) 5 hrs

Today is quite easy walking of the day. Passing most of the Bhramin
villages and dalit village as well as paddy terraces more open valley
views finally make you arrive in Phulkharka gaon where big community
of Brahmin people live. Lunch along the way and dinner at night staying
with local guest house will fine as it has developed already in this area
for both domestic and international tourist. Tourist standard food and
accommodation has to develop yet but comparatively much better.

Shinchronized Shertung

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l8

Phul Kharka Jyamrung Durbar/Danda


(1550m/5115 ft) 5-6 hrs

rek to Ankhu khola side and innumerable villages along the way
make you another interesting trekking of the day but due to bit low
valley walk in summer it will be bit hotter. Lunch at Ringne river side in
local restaurant and trek continue uphill to Jyamrung Durbar/danda
which is historically popular and says that king of the Jyamrung used to
live. Centuries old palace still can be seen. This is the best spot for the sun
rise, sun set and the massive mountain views of the Langtang ranges,
Ganesh himal ranges and Manaslu ranges. Over night at local house.

Day l9

Jyamrung Danda Dhading Besi Kathmandu


(1310m/4323ft) 2 hrs walk and 3 hrs drive

un rise view, take breakfast and then trek via Todke danda to Dhading
Besi walking about 2 hours mesmerizing Dhading Besi views and its
surrounding views. Dhading Besi is the head quarter of Dhading district
where government administration offices are based. Take lunch and 3
hours bus drive back to Kathmandu via Prithivi highway.

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Route 07

Three Passes and


Three Kunda Ruby Valley
Camping Trekking 16 days
Day l1

Kathmandu Bhalche
(1850m/6105ft) 5-6 hrs drive

Taking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive journey
from Kathmandu reaches Bhalche Gaon after driving approximately 5-6
hrs drive. This is also the gateway to the Langtang Valley at the confluence
of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving and
passing through Trisuli Bazaar and Betrawati makes you scenic driving.
Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape along
the way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek. You
will even able to start your trek on the same day but due to bit rough
and tough driving spending a night in Bhalche will give you excellent
acclimatization day.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l2

Bhalche Gongga (Lunch) Rupchet


(3250m/10725ft) 6 hrs

fter breakfast trek bit uphill and have breath taking views on the
back of Bhalche village. Trek continue passing thorough high tropical
jungle and mesmerizing jungle views as well as surrounding landscape.
Arrive Gongga and stop for lunch after lunch trek continue to Rupchet
where you will find beautiful camp site and yak hut. It has amazing
mother goddess blessing hillside views and its periphery views.

Day l3

Rupchet vi a Singla Pass (4200 m)


Pangsang Pass (3842 m/12640ft) 6-7 hrs

After breakfast trek all the way


hill top near Singla Pass (4200m)
having the best almost 270 degrees
panoramic mountain views of
Langtang ranges, massift Ganesh
himal ranges, Mt. Manaslu ranges
and little bit of Annapurna ranges.
Enjoy the best views and then trek
continue to Mojyat Kharka where
in monsoon and sometimes in
spring also shepherd keeps their
cattle like goats, sheep, cows and
buffalos too but its seasonal. After
crossing dense of jungle walking

about 5-6 hours in the main jungle


finally reach at Pangsang Pass.
Today is really an adventure walking
full of fun having flora and fauna
experience and green, quiet and
scenic trek but without local guide
or your expert guide who has been
this route only possible otherwise
there is chance to lose the way.
Compass with you, good trek map
(Taan and GHTDC made map
will be very useful) and dry fruit is
highly recommended unless you
have pack lunch from Rupchet.

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Day l4

Pangsang Pass Tipling (lunch) Chalish


(1674m/5505ft) 5-6 hrs

escend to Tipling, a large


village that hosts two Buddhist
gombas and both a Protestant
and Catholic church. Along a
ridge top to the east is a gomba
and cremation ground for both
Buddhists and Christians lined with
colorful flags. Being a majority of
Tamang people it has beautiful
Tamang culture show. Descend
to cross the Adha Khola on a box
bridge and ascend to the sister
villages of Shertung and Chalish,
regally overlooking the fertile river
valley and abundant fields.
Chalish is inhabited primarily by
Gurung, Ghale and Kami. There
used to be Newar people but they
migrated to Kathmandu city. The
hospitable people of this area have
unique customs and craftsmanship
and traditional dances, including a
hospitable welcome dance, Ghatu
Dance, Dohori is also popular with
call and response between male

and female participants, a type of


courtship ritual, complemented by
folk music. Some dances depend
on the time of year and take place
during festivals including the
Maruni Dance during Dasai and
Tihar, Hai Nelo dance as well as
Deusi and Bhailo in Tihar and the
Ghatu (Ghasiri Dance) that occurs
during Chandi Purnima in the
Nepali month of Chaitra. Gurung
men traditionally wear vangra,
a woven, embroidered cotton
cloth tied at the ends that serves
as a pouch for carrying goods. Sri
Tinkanya Devi Mandir lies above
Chalish. Local women tie bits of
cloth or leave a bangle representing
a wish to be fulfilled near a small
pool of water surrounded by
Barmase or periwinkle flowers.
In the evening mother group of
Chalish gaon will welcome you
performing Gurung typical dance
program and culture show.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l5

Chalish Hindung (Gomba Danda)


(2402m/ 7900ft) 4 -5 hrs

After breakfast say goodbye to


locals and trek down to Khar
Khola and then trek gently up to
Pasabar danda taking about an
hour walk. View of Tribeni river
(mixed of three rivers and Hindus
and Buddhist believe as a holy
river site) just down in the valley
where Lord Shivas statue with
little one stoned shrine has built.
Specially in Makarsankranti festival
local gather and celebrate singing,
dancing and meeting friends
and relatives as well as neighbors
village kith and ken. From Pasabar
danda trek gently uphill hill and

reach at Kalbarang (just the small


kharka name but no village at all)
trek continue to hill edge walk and
dense jungle ( there is a chance
rock fall from top of the hill due
to inhabitant of wildlife so careful
walking with your trek guide or
helper is highly recommended)
and finally reach at Hindung village
where huge number of Tamang
people live. It is a Tamang village
of around 550 inhabitants. Crystals
and rubies are harvested in areas
to the north and yarsagumba is
hunted, too, in the surrounding
highlands.

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Day l6

Gomba Danda Thulo Dhunga


(3337m/10975 ft) 4-5 hrs

he trail continues steeply with occasional jaw-dropping views


of the snowy peaks. Continue through seasonal grazing areas to
eventually drop into an immense green meadow and mesmarizing
views of Ganesh Himal ranges and sourrounding splendid
landscape.

Day l7

Thulo Dhunga Base Camp/ Nojet Kharka


(3691m/12140ft) 6 hrs

he trail continues steeply with occasional jaw-dropping views


of the snowy peaks. Continue through seasonal grazing areas
to eventually drop into an immense green meadow and splendid
camp site known as Nojet Kharka.

Day l8

Exploration Day/viewpoint

climb to the ridge to the northeast, Dobra Danda, is rewarded


with a supreme viewpoint of towering Ganesh Himal. The
mesmerizing sight is unforgettable. Two small lakes shimmer below
at the foot of the Himalaya. Kalo Kunda (black lake) has waters that
mirror the awe-inspiring surroundings and the smaller Seto Kunda
(white lake) has a seasonal pasture nearby. These lakes are said
to have mystical powers that will bless visitors but anybody who
misbehaves will be punished with poor weather and difficult travels.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l9

Nojet Kharka Kharka


(3900m/12870 ft) 5 hrs

Have a look the best early morning


views, take breakfast and then trek
all the down hill to cross river (no
bridge). In winter this river will be
quite small but in summer careful
it will be dangerous to cross unless
you have a big team of group try
with special river cross equipments.
After crossing river walk taking
about 3 hours uphill and finally
get on the top of Kharaka where

Day l10

only the camping possible no


village and no tea house at all. It is
an isolated camp site from where
you will see Ganesh Himal (Yangri
7245m) almost in 3 Km distance.
Nice, cool/cold, quiet and amazing
jungle camp right on the hill top
but you may encounter with wild
life so group trek or experienced
trek guide and crew members are
recommended.

Kharka Ganesh Kunda Ruby area


(3500m/11550ft) 5-6 hrs

Take breakfast and then visit Ganesh Himal Base camp(try) and then trek
continue to Ganesh Kunda which another holy and secret lake of the area
where in September hundred of Jhakri (shamans) get together and even
locals participate and celebrate. Ruby mines available in this area and
precious herbs available.

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Day l11

Ganesh Kunda Tatopani (Hot Spring)


(1250m/4125ft) 5-6 hrs

Trek all the way down to Neber gaon, rest a bit, enjoy looking around
the village sites, take lunch and then trek continue river bank walk and
through dense jungle finally arrive in Tatopani (hot spring) and enjoy taking
fantastic hot bath. It has a bathing pool and 3 taps. Relax and rejuvenate the
body, mind and spirit. Rest of the day enjoy river bank camp in cool air.

Day l12

Tatopani (Hot Spring) Lapa Gaon


(1850m/ 6105ft) 5-6 hrs

The trail onward follows stone


steps built by Kadoorie Agri Aid
Association and British Gurkhas of
Nepal. Both organizations are active
in this area and responsible for
building many water taps, bridges
and improved trails. Pass through
Tir on the way to welcoming Racyat
and Kapur villages. Have lunch in
Kapur gaon and then trek down to
Ankhu Khola cross box suspension

Day l13

bridge and finally you arrive in


Lapa gaon. It is one of the biggest
village in this region and has big
community of Tamang people
live. Lapa gaon also have beautiful
Tamang culture and occasionally
you will be shown their culture
show performance. Lapa has two
basic lodges but other lodges are
processing to build for comfort of
coming tourist.

Lapa Gaon Magne Goth Pass


(2950 m/9735ft) 4 hrs

Steeply up the hill to the west in a tall, blue pine forest with
rambling rhododendron is Magne Goth, and nearby is a large
boulder, location of ruby extraction.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l14

Magne Goth Tinsure


(1850m/6105 ft) 5-6 hrs

After breakfast trek to Tinsure danda passing through beautiful alpine


jungle, rhododendron forest and dense mix jungle. Its beautiful scenic
walking but no villages. After walking 5-6 hours walking finally you
arrive in Tinsure danda which is known as a queen of the hill for the
tremendous mountain views. Camp at the view point.

Day l15

Tinsure Ganga Jamuna Salangkot


(1250m/4125ft) 5-6 hrs

Trek from Tinsure to Ganga Jamuna


is another amazing landscape walk.
Passing through little bit of dense
jungle, local villages of mix culture
people and hilly paddy terraces
make you amazing walking. It has
beautiful open views of the areas
and nice and easy walking a day.
Ganga Jamuna is well wishes god
where thousands of Hindus and

Day l16

Buddhist pilgrimages visit in special


occasion however Janai purnama
and Makar sankranti festival will have
innumerable devotees. People have
strong believe that Ganga Jamuna
name from the twin Goddess sisters full
fill your desire if you go and ask in the
temple. After visiting Ganga Jamuna
trek to Salankot and over night at
village site camp or at local house.

Salangkot Katmandu
(1310 m/4323ft) 6-7 hrs drive

Finally after breakfast drive dirt road to Dhading Besi and continue
drive back to Kathmandu 6-7 hrs scenic and bit adventure driving.
Salangkot to Dhading is seasonal road drive so specially in
monsoon you may not able to drive instead walk about a 6-7 hrs to
Dhading Besi, to catch bus to Kathmandu.

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Route 08

Ganesh Himal Inner


Circuit Home Stay
Trekking 12 days
Day l1

Kathmandu Shyabru Besi


(1503m/4945ft) 8-9 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive
journey from Kathmandu reaches Shyabru Besi, gateway to the
Langtang Valley at the confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang
Rivers. Mesmerizing scenic driving and passing through Trisuli Bazaar,
Ramche Gaon and Dhunche Bazaar makes you full of fun driving.
Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but amazing landscape
along the way driving will make you good start day drive of the trek.

Day l2

Shyabru Besi to Chawatar (lunch) to Gatlang


(2337m/7690ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

dirt track zig-zags to the west up to Bahun Danda Pass and


then down to the Tamang settlement of Gatlang, a cornerstone
village on the Tamang Heritage Trail or hike to Gatlang by way of
Chawatar. Gatlang is a Tamang village with unique customs and
craftsmanship in a magnificent setting. Above lies Parvati Kund,
popular during Janai Purnima when thousands of pilgrims are
attracted to the sacred pond and nearby temple.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l3

Gatlang Parvati Kunda, Yuri Kharka (lunch)


Somdang (3271 m/10760ft) 6-7 hrs

he trail ascends through pine


and rhododendron forest to a
lunch point of Yuri Kharka before
continuing to Khurphu Bhanjyang
and then dropping down to the
Somdang River, border between
Rasuwa and Dhading districts.
A sprawling mining compound, no
longer functioning but locals are

Day l4

appealing government to revive


it, lies a few hours to the north
upriver. The hike passes through a
scenic valley featuring the 200 m
Chukarma Waterfall. The former
mine leaves a lot be explored and
is the site of a 1.4 km tunnel bored
into the mountain to extract zinc,
copper, tin, crystal and even highlyprized rubies.

Somdang Pangsang (Aka, Pangsang) Pass (La)


(3842m/12640ft) 3-4 hrs

angsang Kharka is a viewpoint


southwest of Somdang village
with a broad panorama of the
surrounding terrain. To the north
are the soaring peaks of Manaslu
and the Ganesh Himal Range. The
large meadow is graced with a giant
entry gateway and is a sensational
location for camping and taking
in the breathtaking scenery. The
whole Ganesh Himal region is
blessed with abundant herbal
plants. Previously, herbs were
taken to Tibet along an ancient
trade route and exchanged for

salt, livestock, wool and turquoise.


This hill/danda/pass is known as
one of the most beautiful and
the best magnificent mountain
views point almost in 270 degrees
Langtang ragnes, Ganesh Himal
ranges, Manaslu ranges and bit
of Annapurna ranges mountain
view point. So far tea house has
not developed yet so highly
recommended to have own tent
however local yak hut can be used
as a service shelter can be used for
a night but again dry fruits/food is
recommended for a night.

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Day l5

Pangsang Pass Tipling (lunch) Shertung /


Chalish (1875m/6188 ft) 5-6 hrs

escend to Tipling, a large


village that hosts two Buddhist
gombas and both a Protestant
and Catholic church. Along a
ridge top to the east is a gomba
and cremation ground for both
Buddhists and Christians lined with
colorful flags. Descend to cross
the Adha Khola on a box bridge
and ascend to the sister villages
of Shertung and Chalish, regally
overlooking the fertile river valley
and abundant fields.
Shertung is inhabited mainly by
Tamang. The name Shertung means
place of gold.
The hospitable people of this
area have unique customs and
craftsmanship and traditional
dances, including a hospitable
welcome dance, Ghatu Dance,
Dohori is also popular with call and
response between male and female
participants, a type of courtship
ritual, complemented by folk music.
Some dances depend on the time
of year and take place during
festivals including the Maruni
Dance during Dasai and Tihar, Hai
Nelo Dance of Tihar, and the Ghatu
(Ghasiri Dance) that occurs during
Chandi Purnima in the Nepali
month of Chaitra.

Gurung men traditionally wear


vangra, a woven, embroidered
cotton cloth tied at the ends that
serves as a pouch for carrying
goods.
Sri Tinkanya Devi Mandir lies above
Chalish. Local women tie bits of
cloth or leave a bangle representing
a wish to be fulfilled near a small
pool of water surrounded by
Barmase or periwinkle flowers.
Shertung or Chalish village is the
only village in this region from
where those trekkers who have
planned short 7 days trekking, walk
down to Jharlang village taking
about 5-6 hours and in next day
walk to Darkha Gaon taking 5-6
hours finally next day after walking
1 hour down hill to Darkha phedi,
take sharing local Jeep with other
people and drive to Dhading Besi
(3-4 hours driving). You continue
drive back Kathmandu in total 3
hours driving. So in total taking 2
days walking and half day drive or
lets say in 3 days you will get back
to Kathmandu.
These two villages are the main
attraction of the area by both
Tamang and Gurung culture and as
well as views from the place. You
are recommend to stay wherever

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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you like as both villages are not


far from each other. To make you
convenient although you may walk
down hill to Chalish from Shertung
just taking about 20-30 minutes
however if you want to go directly
from Chalish village from Ada Khola
(the river down from Tipling village

to Shertung) just after climbing a bit


uphill turn right side and easily will
get straight way to Chalish village
after walking an hours. You will see
people working in their field please
do not hesitate to ask the way they
will show you way to Chalish or
Shertung.

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Day l6

Chalish Hindung lunch Neber Gaon


(2220m /7425ft) 6 hrs

fter breakfast say goodbye to


locals and trek down to Khar
Khola and then trek gently up to
Pasabar danda taking about an
hour walk. View of Tribeni river
(mixed of three rivers and Hindus
and Buddhist believe as a holy river
site) just down in the valley where
Lord Shivas statue with little one
stoned shrine has built. Specially in
Makarsankranti festival local gather
and celebrate singing, dancing and
meeting friends and relatives as well
as neighbors village kith and ken.
From Pasabar danda trek gently
uphill hill and reach at Kalbarang
(just the small kharka name but no
village at all) trek continue to hill

edge walk and dense jungle ( there


is a chance rock fall from top of the
hill due to inhabitant of wildlife so
careful walking with your trek guide
or helper is highly recommended)
and finally reach at Hindung village
where huge number of Tamang
people live. It is a Tamang village of
around 550 inhabitants. Crystals and
rubies are harvested in areas to the
north and yarsagumba is hunted,
too, in the surrounding highlands.
Take lunch in Hindung and trek
down to Hindung Khola and then
trek uphill to Neber Gaon walking
about 2 hours. Over night at local
house or camp near by local village
of Tamang village.

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Day l7

Neber Hot Spring Kupchyat


(2066m/ 6818ft) 5 hrs

rek down hill to Tatopani (hot srping where enjoy your half of
the day bath and the trail onward follows stone steps built by
Kadoorie Agri Aid Association and British Gurkhas of Nepal. Both
organizations are active in this area and responsible for building
many water taps, bridges and improved trails. Pass through Tir on
the way to welcoming Racyat and Kapur villages. Finally arrive in
Kupchyat village over night in camp/local house of Tamang village.

Day l8

Rachyat Khading Lapa Gaon


(2025m/6660ft) 4-5 hrs

rek to Khading village where you will see the big community
of Gurung people having their own beautiful culture. While you
will be waiting your lunch explore Khading gaon and after lunch
trek down to Lapa Gaon which is a big Tamang village of the area
where you will enjoy having Tamang culture experience.

Day l9

Lapa Gaon Borang (lunch) - Jharlang (Ungul)


(3000m/9900 ft) 5-6 hrs

fter breakfast trek down to Ankhu khola having its beautiful


water fall and then trek continue bit uphill to Borang village
where stop for a while to experience a bit of Tamang village lunch
and then trek continue to to Ukhum for lunch. After lunch trek
continue to Lishne jungle, cross suspension bridge, passing through
Chhapchyat village you finally get to Jharlang village (Ungul). One
of the best and panoramic mountain view point of the area. This is
Tamang village and belongs more than 200 houses.

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Day l10

Jharlang (Ungul) Kuri lunch Khaniyabas


(1785m/5890ft). 7-8 hrs

ake breakfast at the same place


and trek all the way down
Jharlang Pahiro (Jharlang landslide)
where takes about an hour to cross
this landslide, use experienced
trek guide/porter. Continue trek
downhill to Dungre Khola about 1
hrs cross suspension bridge and
uphill walking about 2 hrs to get
to Kuri Village. This is also a Tamang
village that lies right on the top of
the hill from where you will see the
beautiful surrounding landscape.
There is no village or tea shops in
between camp point to Kuri village
so some snacks or dry fruits will
be very useful to carry with you.
A bottle of boiled water will be
very useful. From the river uphill
walking will be in the thick jungle
so guide or experience trek guide is
highly recommended. After lunch
trek continue having mesmerizing

surrounding landscape, passing


through Birchet village and finally
arrive at Khaniyabas Village which is
known from the its VDC Satya Devi.
Its about 2 hours walk from lunch
spot and Satya Devi has several
local lodge/tea shops for local and
trekkers. In your camp site there
is a beautiful temple named Shree
Bachchhala Devi and by its name
local has a school nearby where
students have opportunity to study
10+2. On the clear weather day you
will have the best and breath taking
sun set views. Ankhu river views
and Todke hill in horizon gives you
magnificent landscape. Tamang,
Bhramin and Dalit people live in
Khaniyabas. On the way on the
clear weather day offers panoramic
views of the Mt. Manaslu ranges,
Langtang ranges and Ganesh Himal
ranges.

This is also the village from where if any one


interested after 2 days walk to Trisuli Bazaar and
4 hours drive you will get back to Kathmandu via
Kimtang Phedi, Katunje and Dhading Besi.

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Day l11

Khaniyabas Megang Danda


(3220m/10626ft) 5-6 hrs

fter breakfast trek to easy walk to Thambu Khola about an


hour and then trek all the way up to Kimdang gaon (2
hours walking) stop for lunch and trek to Megang Danda walking
a big dense jungle right on the hill top. Being dense jungle wild
animal may encounter so having local trek guide or helper is highly
recommended. There is a dirt road from Kimtang to Trisuli Bazaar
but only winter you will get a sharing local jeep but in the monsoon
impossible to drive. Megang is another breath taking mountain
views point from where you will experience of 270 degrees
mountain views. There used to be several lodges but due to road
construction lodges removed however there is a basic lodge for the
trekkers/.travelers. to spend a night.

Day l12

Megang Danda Trisuli Bazaar


(525m/1732ft) (6 hrs walk and 4 hrs drive)

ou may trek to Trisuli Bazaar 6 hours downhill scenic walking or


walk up to Deurali (1 hours walking) and then share local bus/
Jeep with other people to Trisuli Bazaar (2 hours driving) and then
continue drive back to Kathmandu by local bus (4 hours driving).

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Route 09

Ruby Valley Strenuous


Spritual Trek 16 days

Day l1

Kathmandu Bhalche
(1850m/6105ft) 5-6 hrs drive

aking local bus early in the morning or a private four wheel drive
journey from Kathmandu reaches Bhalche Gaon after driving
approximately 5-6 hrs. This is also the gateway to the Langtang Valley
at the confluence of the Bhote Kosi and Langtang Rivers. Mesmerizing
scenic driving and passing through Trisuli Bazaar and Betrawati makes
you scenic driving. Narrow and bit adventurous zig zags road but
amazing landscape along the way driving will make you good start day
drive of the trek. You will even able to start your trek on the same day
but due to bit rough and tough driving spending a night in Bhalche
will give you excellent acclimatization day.

Day l2

Bhalche Gongga (Lunch) Rupchet


(3250m/10725ft) 6 hrs

fter breakfast trek bit uphill and have breath taking views on the
back of Bhalche village. Trek continue passing thorough high tropical
jungle and mesmerizing jungle views as well as surrounding landscape.
Arrive in Gongga and stop for lunch after lunch trek continue to Rupchet
where you will find beautiful camp site and yak huts. It has amazing
mother goddess blessing hillside views and its periphery views.

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View from Singla Pass

Day l3

Rupchet via Singla Pass (4200 m)


Pangsang Pass (3842m/12640ft) 6-7 hrs

fter breakfast trek all the way hill top near Singla Pass (4050m) having
the best almost 270 degrees panoramic mountain views of Langtang
ranges, massift Ganesh himal ranges, Mt. Manaslu ranges and little bit of
Annapurna ranges. Enjoy the best views and then trek continue to Mojyat
Kharka where in monsoon and sometimes in spring also shepherd keeps
their cattle like goats, sheep, cows and buffalos too but its seasonal. After
crossing dense of jungle walking about 5-6 hours in the main jungle finally
reach at Pangsang Pass. Today is really an adventure walking full of fun
having flora and fauna experience and green, quiet and scenic trek but
without local guide or your expert guide who has been this route only
possible otherwise there is chance to lose the way. Compass with you,
good trek map (Taan and GHTDC made map will be very useful) and dry
fruit is highly recommended unless you have pack lunch from Rupchet.

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Day l4

Pang Sang Pass Lari


(3750m/12375ft) 5 hrs

fter breakfast trek down hill to Paikutang pass and then trek
continue to Lari. Passing through beautiful hill edge walking and
mesmerizing magnificent mountain views of Langtang ranges will
make you full of fun trekking. Finally reach at Lari where zinc mines
can be seen and sources of various herbals. No village and no human
habitats but refreshing and isolated camp site.

19th centure zinc mines site

Day l5

Lari - Paldor Peak Base Camp


(4220m/13926ft) 4-5 hrs.

rek most of the uphill and after walking 4 hours finally arrive in
Paldor Peak. It is said and believe that you should not make angry
to God making unnecessary pollute the area and not too much noise.
You be quiet, enjoy walking around being patience mother goddess
mountain will bless you to have successful trip.

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Day l6

Paldor Peak Base Camp Paldor Pass


(4850m) Yanju (2020m/ 6666ft) 5-6 hrs

ook at the astonishing sun


rise view, stunning Langtang
ragnes mountain views and Ganesh
Himal ranges, take breakfast and
then after passing Paldor Pass
trek all the downhill to Yanju
village where indigenous Tamang
people live. After pass you have
jaw falling down hill walking and
very uncommon trail, so better to
be very careful but no climbing

equipments and glacier or crevasses


equipment is needed. Yanju is a
quite poor and weather dominated
village. People here hardly see sun
in monsoon. Temperature in winter
gets as low as -5 degree Celsius. You
may enjoy having local food but
except rice or local corn floor, beans
and little bit seasonable vegetable
only possible to have. People barely
speak English but friendly, and
helpful.

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Day l7

Yanju Gaon Barmachet Danda


(3550m/11715ft) 5-6 hrs

fter breakfast trek all the way


down to Simlya gaon (few
houses) and then trek all the way
up hill to Pobli Kharaka (cow hut/
grazing field/green pasture) . Small
water pond is available here which
makes a blessed stop for lunch. In
this area no village at all and due
to hill terrain scarcity of water. This
is the only reason its good to stop
here for lunch or if any one not
keen to stop to cook lunch here
then pack lunch is recommended.
After lunch uphill walking via
Malimurung Kharka finally get

Day l8

Barmachet Danda, which is known


as a another victory hill for the life
times best mountain views. This
day is bit tough jaw falling hill edge
walking; so patience, slow walking
and group walking will be the
successful walking. You are strongly
recommended not to run or walk
fast to avoid altitude problem and
to avoid hill edge accident. You
will experience magnificent views
of Tipling village, Shertung village,
Chalish village and even Awai
village. Sun rise and sun set view
can be enjoyed.

Barmachet Danda - Hindung / Gomba


Danda (2402m/7900ft) 4- 5 hrs

his trek leads mostly through dense jungle down to Hindung


village; then you can have lunch and camp at Gomba danda. You
will enjoy Ganesh himal ranges, flora and fauna experience and few
Kharkas (cow and sheep huts) along the way.

Day l9

Rest day for


acclimatization.

ou may visit Hindung gaun for warm up walk and


experience the Tamang culture. Rest of the day spend your
time reading books books and writing diaries.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l10

Hindung Danda Thulo Dhunga


(3337m/10975 ft.) 4-5 hrs.

hulo Dhunga is a camp site with views of waterfalls tumbling


down across the valley. Flora and fauna abound in the Ganesh
Himal region. Wildlife includes musk deer, jharal a type of goat, wild
boar, langur, leopard, pheasant and partridge. Vegetation includes
bamboo, rhododendron and juniper among abundant wildflowers.

Day l11

Thulo Dhunga Base Camp/Nojet Kharka


(3691m12140ft.) 6 hrs

he trail continues steeply with occasional jaw-dropping views


of the snowy peaks. Continue through seasonal grazing areas
to eventually drop into an immense green meadow and splendid
camp site known as Nojet Kharka.

Day l12

Day 12 Exploration Day/


Viewpoint

climb to the ridge to the northeast, Dobra Danda, is rewarded


with a supreme viewpoint of towering Ganesh Himal. The
mesmerizing sight is unforgettable. Two small lakes shimmer below
at the foot of the Himalaya. Kalo Kunda (black lake) has waters that
mirror the awe-inspiring surroundings and the smaller Seto Kunda
(white lake) has a seasonal pasture nearby. These lakes are said
to have mystical powers that will bless visitors but anybody who
misbehaves will be punished with poor weather and difficult travels.

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Day l13

Return from Base Camp Hindung /


Gomba Danda (2402m/7900 ft) 7-8 hrs

rek from Base camp to Hindung (Gomba Danda) will be almost


the same way back you have done way up however its stunning
mountain views, surrounding landscape of mother nature and
jungle downhill walking offers you incredible wilderness.

Day l14

Hindung Hot Spring Borang


(1700m/5610ft) 5- 6 hrs.

rek all the way down to hot spring (2 hours) take lunch and enjoy
couple of hours taking hot spring bath. After lunch trek continue via
Gobre gaon all the way to Borang walking about 3 hours. It is a Tamang
community village and just under the big rocky hill.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l15

Borang Darkha Gaon


(850m/2805 ft) 6-7 hrs.

rek to Ukhum, Lishne khola cross suspension bridge and having lunch
in Percho trek continue passing paddy terraces, Dungre khola just
right bank of the dungre khola there is another hot spring but walking
trail I to hot spring is quite difficult so until and unless better trail is built
trekkers are not encourage to visit. Pass Bhogteni village and finally
arrive in Darkha Vaillage.

Day l16

Darkha Gaun Darkha Phedi Dhading Besi


Kathmandu (1310m/4323ft) 6-7 hrs drive.

fter breakfast trek all the way down to Darkha Phedi walking
around 45 minutes downhill. Then you can share local Jeep
with other local people and then arrive in Dhading Besi in 3-4 hours,
which is a rough and tough zig zags road drive. Crossing through
Ankhu Khola as well as Kimdang phedi villages, Katunje village and
Jyamrung village will make you breath taking scenic driving having
fabulous landscape surroundings. From Dhading you can get a
regular bus service to Kathmandu, which takes around 3 hours.

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Route 10

Ganesh Himal Cultural


Trekking Beginning from
Dhading Besi 9 days

Day l1

Kathmandu Dhading Darkha Gaon


(850m/2805ft) 6-7 hrs

arly morning a public bus drive


from Kathmandu and arrive after
3 hours scenic drive in Dhading
besi. Rest a bit and then start your
trek. After walking about an hour
and half uphill with beautiful
surrounding views of Dhading
Besi reach at Katunje danda from
where on the clear weather day you
will have breath taking mountain
views of Annapurna, Manaslu,
Ganesh Himal ranges and Langtang
ranges. Trek descend down hill via
Jyamrung gaon and finally arrive
at Ringne gaon where break for
lunch and trek continue walking
bank of the Ankhu Khola to Darkha
phedi where small tea shops are

available and break for tea and then


trek continue uphill about an hour
walk and arrive at Darkha village.
This village is a blend of Brahmin,
Tamang and Dalit ethnicities.
In winter/autumn/spring you
may take local share jeep from
Dhading Besi to Darkha phedi of
very dirt and rough road drive.
Those who have short time driving
to Darkha phedi and commence
your trek will save you a day hike
however trekking from Dhading
Besi to Darkha is amazing walk
passing through local villages and
surrounding landscape.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l2

Darkha Gaon - Borang


(1700m/5610ft) 5- 6 hrs

fter breakfast, trek passing through Bhogteni village, paddy terraces


and suspension bridge finally arrive Percho gaon where stop for
lunch and trek continue crossing another suspension bridge on Lishne
khola walk through Lishne jungle and arrive Ukhum. Trek continue to
arrive after walking an hour to Borang village where nearly a 150 homes
of Tamang people live.
Today is gently uphill walking but in general not so hard. On the way you
will have tremendous views of electric rope way , Jharlang hot spring
(walking trail is quite difficult without guide not recommended to visit),
Tamang villages and Ri village views.

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Day l3

Borang - Chalish Gaon


(1674m/5505ft) 2-3 hrs

ake breakfast , start your trek.


After walking an hour walk you
will arrive in Bandare Bhir (Monkey
rock hill) where our explore
team has invented the best rock
climbing spot of the area. Enjoy its
surrounding landscape and trek
continue passing through Gobre
village (Raba) after walking a an
hour uphill finally you arrive at Deul
danda and Mane danda from where
you will see spectacular Ganesh
Himal views. Just descend down
about 20 minutes and finally arrive
at Chalish Gaon. Have lunch and
rest of the day enjoy having rest for
acclimatization.
Chalish is inhabited primarily by
Gurung, Ghale and Kami. There
used to be Newar people but they
migrated to Kathmandu city. The
hospitable people of this area have
unique customs and craftsmanship
and traditional dances, including a
hospitable welcome dance, Ghatu

Dance, Dohori is also popular with


call and response between male
and female participants, a type of
courtship ritual, complemented by
folk music. Some dances depend
on the time of year and take place
during festivals including the Maruni
Dance during Dasai and Tihar, Hai
Nelo Dance of Tihar, and the Ghatu
(Ghasiri Dance) that occurs during
Chandi Purnima in the Nepali month
of Chaitra. Gurung men traditionally
wear vangra, a woven, embroidered
cotton cloth tied at the ends that
serves as a pouch for carrying goods.
Sri Tinkanya Devi Mandir lies above
Chalish. Local women tie bits of cloth
or leave a bangle representing a
wish to be fulfilled near a small pool
of water surrounded by Barmase or
periwinkle flowers.
In the evening enjoy watching an
participating mother group dance
in your campsite or just in front of
lodge where you stay.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l4

Rest day Chalish Gaon - Visit Tatopani (hot


spring) - Chalish Gaon 3-4 hrs

Have breakfast , make your


packed lunch and trek down to
Khar Khola and walk a bit uphill to
Tikash danda about an hour. Trek
continue through Kalbarang jungle
and finally arrive at Tatopani (hot
springs) after walking about 1 more
hour. Enjoy couple hours taking
fabulous hot bath. Take a relaxing
bath in the large pool with 3 taps.
After rejuvenating the body, mind
and spirit, enjoy a packed lunch
pack lunch before the return to

Chalish. On the way visit Treveni


river site which is locally well
known holy river. Locals celebrate in
special occasion singing, dancing,
getting together neighbor villagers,
shaman dance show etc.. There
is also a small stone made Shiva
temple which is well known by
its name Tribeni mandir. After
visiting it walk a bit uphill and cross
suspension bridge and about 30
minutes uphill walk back to Chalish
village.

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Day l5

Chalish - Shertung - Tipling


(2078m/6835ft) 3 - 4 hrs

After breakfast quick visit Chalish


Tin Kanya Devi temple, trek about
25 minutes uphill to Shertung
village, have a quick glimpse of
Shertung village, great Ganesh
himal ranges mountain views
and trek down hill to Ada Khola.
Cross box suspension bridge and
trek all the way up to Tipling Kami
Gaon taking about an hour up hill

Day l6

walking. Have a look mysterious


views of Chalish village and
Shertung village as well as its
surrounding views trek continue
and finally arrive Tipling village after
20 minutes walk from Kami Gaon.
To make next day walk bit easier we
trek little bit upper village named
Lapdung where big community of
Tamang people live. Enjoy Tamang
culture and their life style.

Tipling/Lapdung - Pangsang Pass Somdang


(3271m/10760ft) 6-7 hrs

After breakfast, The trail ascends


through pine and rhododendron
forest after about 3 hours arrive
on the top of the Pangsang Pass
(3842m) which is known as a hill
of the queen and probably the
best mesmerizing mysterious
and magnificent mountain view
point of whole Langtang ranges,
Singlal pass valley, Ganesh Himal
ranges and Manaslu ranges too.
Have lunch (as tea shops have
not opened yet packed lunch is
recommended to take with you for
sure by the beginning of year 2013
locals will build tea shops) and trek
continue down hill to Somdang

Gaon where normal tea shops are


available for over night stay. It is
a border between Rasuwa and
Dhading districts.
A sprawling mining compound, no
longer functioning but locals are
appealing government to revive
it, lies a few hours to the north
upriver. The hike passes through a
scenic valley featuring the 200 m
Chukarma Waterfall. The former
mine leaves a lot be explored and
is the site of a 1.4 km tunnel bored
into the mountain to extract zinc,
copper, tin, crystal and even highlyprized rubies.

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Day l7

123

Somdang - Gotlang
(2337m/7690ft) 5- 6 hrs hike

The trail ascends through pine and rhododendron forest to a lunch point
of Yuri Kharka after passing to Khurphu Bhanjyang and then dropping
down to the Gotlang village. On the way visit Parvati Kunda which is quite
popular pilgrimage center for both Hindus and Buddhist. Gotlang is a well
known Tamang village of the area where community lodges are available.

Horse dance from Tipling village

Day l8

Gotlang - Syabru Besi


(1503m/4945ft) 5-6 hrs drive

Take breakfast, trek to Chawatar, Bahundanda and after a dirt track walk
down hill finally arrive in Syabru Besi and over night at Lodge.

Day l9

Sybaru Besi - Kathmandu


(1310m/4323ft) 8-9 hrs drive

After breakfast, Pasang Lhamu highway zig-zags road drive back to


Kathmandu taking about 8-9 hours drive.

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LumbasumbaPass
Kanchenjunga
& Makalu

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Team Leaders

Rana Bahadur Khadka

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Introduction
Lumba Sumba Trek is one of the new trekking routes identified and
explored by Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN) in 2012. A
20-member team, including support staff, led by Rana Bahadur Khadka,
1st vice-president of TAAN, explored the route in April. Lumba Sumba
Peak (5200m) is the major attraction of this route. Offering some of the
most spectacular Himalayan landscapes, this trekking route is home to
different ethnic groups like the Limbus, Sherpas, Rai, Gurung, Magars,
Newars and Tamangs.
The trek runs through
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
(KCA) in the eastern Himalaya.
Trekkers can explore the traditional
farming practices and see different
birds and wildlife species, including
the endangered snow leopard and
red panda, from the route. There are
a number of high mountain lakes
in Olangchung Gola. Through this
route, we explore two of Nepals
best preserved protected areas
the Kanchanjunga Conservation
Area and the Makalu Barun National
Park. Through the route, one can
also trek to the base camps of Mt

Kanchanjunga and Mt Makalu.


Similarly, the Tamor and Arun River
systems can be the other attraction
for tourists. These two rivers are
the major tributaries of the mighty
Sapta Koshi River. The route
encompasses alpine grass lands,
rocky outcrops, dense temperate
and sub-tropical forests, and low
river valleys. Apart from natural
beauty, trekkers can also explore
cultural heritage like monasteries,
chhortens, temples and prayer
walls. And to add to the flavor, the
festivals of all of these people living
in harmony only serve to make the
native culture livelier.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


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Day l1

he first day trek starts from


Fungling (1777m) the
headquarters of Taplejung district.
Sherpa Tol is the gateway to this
trek. The trek passes through
beautiful cardamom fields and
Alnus trees (Uttis) until Hangdewa
VDC which takes around two and
half hours. On the way, there are
small tea shops at Asangpati Tole,
Gaigode Tole and Panisar Tole
that can be used for alternative
accommodation as they provide

home stay facilities. From Panisar,


the trek is downhill until the
suspension bridge that acts as a
border between Hangdewa VDC
and Furumbu VDC. A walk of 10
minutes takes us to Pawa Village
(1546m) for lunch. After lunch, the
trek progresses along the banks of
Tamor River to Mitlung a walk of
around two hours. Mitlung (909m)
is our destination for the day as
it has good camping sites with
facilities like kitchen and dining hall.

Day l2

he trek passes along the


banks of Tamor River on the
second day. It is a pleasing walk
until Furumbu a 40 minute walk
from Mitlung. From Furumbu, the
trail is uphill for half hour then
descends through Ulnus and
Schima wallachiana mixed forest to
Siwa Bazar (950m) at Linkhim VDC.
We can reach Siwa Bazaar in three
hours from Mitlung. Siwa Bazar is
a good place for lunch. It is a small
market with facilities like drug

store, groceries and a police station.


After lunch, the trek runs along
the Tamor River until Tawa Village.
Tawa Village (1146m) has a small tea
shop. The trek runs uphill from here
until we reach the KCAP Entrance
Gate (1300m) at Thiwa Village. From
here, the trek gradually descends
until Chiruwa our destination for
the day. Chiruwa (1246m) is a small
market with couple of lodges and
good camping sites. It is a popular
stopover for tourists and locals alike.

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Day l3

his day also the trek runs along


the mighty Tamor River. At the
start of the trek, there are two big
stones with religious significance.
The trek passes through Ulnus trees
passes until we reach a big landslide
that takes around half an hour
to cross. After a walk of two and
half hours from Chiruwa through
beautiful cardamom gardens, we
reach Tapethok (1340m) for lunch.
It is a small market with some

tea shops. There is also a KCAP


checkpoint at Tapethok. After lunch,
it is a pleasing walk for about an
hour until Pembu (1486m). From
Pembu, it is an uphill climb for
about two and half hours to Lelep
(1687m) our destination for the
day. The KCAP headquarters is in
Lelep. Similarly, there is a police
station, some tea shops, groceries
and hotels. There are also some
good camping sites in Lelep.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l4

fter breakfast, the trek runs


along the bank of Tamor River
through dense forest that offers
good habitat for different wildlife
species. You can see some wild
species if you are lucky. We crossed
a suspension bridge after a walk
of about an hour from Lelep. After
crossing suspension bridge, it is an
uphill climb through pine forest for
about half an hour until we reach
a monastery. From there, the trek
gradually descends after about
half an hour and we reach Gowatar
(1800m) for lunch. Gowatar is a
small settlement with a few houses.
Near the village, there is a big stone

and it is believed that only the


religious people can move them.
After a walk of around half hour
from Gowatar, we reach a place
that offers spectacular views of
two waterfalls about 100 meters
tall. A walk of about half an hour
form here takes us to Phedi. After
crossing Tamor River, it is an uphill
climb for about 40 minutes until
we reach a resting place known as
chautaro in local dialect. Another
20 minutes walk will take us to our
camping site at Ela Danda (2051m).
The place offers panoramic view of
snowcapped peaks including the
Small Kasturi Peak and Tamor River.

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Day l5

he walk on the fifth day is


pleasing as it passes through
Ulnus and Rhododendron forest
for about an hour until we reach a
suspension bridge. After crossing
the suspension bridge, the trek
passes through dense bamboo
groves (spread over around 5
hectares). This place is popular
among trekkers as the habitat of
red panda. If you are lucky, we

might catch a sight of red panda


from the trail itself. After a total
walk of three and half hours from El
Danda, we reach Maguwa (2435m)
for lunch. After lunch, the trail
passes through maple and Ulnus
forest. There is a big landslide on
the way and trekkers must be
careful while crossing it. After a
walk of about one and half hour, we
reach Selep Kharka (2525m) our
destination for the day.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

131

Day l6

he sixth days trek runs along


the banks of Tamor River
leading to a place called Jongim
(2641), a flat land surrounded by
snow capped hills, after a walk of
about an hour. Another 40 minutes
walk through rhododendron
forest from Jongim, takes us to
a suspension bridge. After an
uphill walk of about an hour from
the suspension bridge, we reach
Ramite (2685m) for lunch. At
Ramite, we can see mixed forest
of Deodar and rhododendron.
We see a beautiful waterfall after
a walk of about an hour from

Ramite. If you are lucky, you might


be rewarded with the view of red
panda from here. We caught the
first glimpse of Olangchung Gola
after a walk of around 45 minutes
from the waterfall. After a climb of
about 40 minutes, we finally reach
the camping site at Olangchung
Gola (3208m). Olangchung Gola
is a beautiful Sherpa village with
around 45 houses, a 465 years old
monastery with golden manuscript
and KCAP office. There is also a subhealth post, a primary school and a
border police station at Olangchung
Gola.

Day l7

he trek in the next three days will pass through complete wilderness.
As the trek is in complete wilderness, it is better to hire a local Sherpa
to avoid getting lost. However, piles of stones along the way act as
sign posts, showing us our direction. The trek passes through pine and
rhododendron forests. After a walk of two and half hours, we reach a
place called Jadak (3636m) for lunch. A walk of three hours on snowy
track will take us to our camping site at Upper Langmale (3893m).

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

132

Day l8

he eighth day trek can be interesting as snow leopards have been


sighted numerous times from this trek. The trek runs along the Tamor
River and on the other side of the river lies dense rhododendron forest.
After a walk of about three hours, we reach Tangchetar (4203m) for lunch.
Another three hours walk after lunch will lead us to our camping site at
Pass Camp (4747m).

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l9

his would be the most difficult yet most memorable day of this trek.
This day the trek will pass through the Lumba Sumba Peak (5200m).
It is better to start early as it will be difficult to cross the peak after noon.
The trek climbs a bit up and again runs down. It is better to take packed
lunch, as there are no good camping sites around. After a walk of about
four and half hour from Pass Camp, we climb the Lumba Sumba Peak and
descend down to Chaurikharka (4594m) for nights stay.

Day l10

he trek is downhill from Chaurikharka as we come back to civilization


after tiring walk for three days. After a walk of about three and half
hours, we came across two roads one to Lyasha in Tibet and the other
toward Thudam. We prepared our lunch at this place. A walk of about
three hours takes us to Thudam for the nights accommodation. Thudam
(3500m) is a small village with around 30 houses of Sherpa people.

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134

Day l11

he eleventh day trek runs along the banks of Chujung Khola. The trail
offers panoramic view of peaks in the Makalu range. On the way you see
lot of small bushes and bamboo groves the best habitat for red panda. If
you are lucky, you can see this endangered species. It is better to carry packed
lunch, as it is difficult to find drinking water along the trail. After a walk of
about six-hours from Thudam, we reach Kharka (2877m) for the nights halt.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

135

Day l12

he twelfth days walk passes


through dense rhododendron
forest. As there are no villages on the
way and also there are numerous
side trails, it is better to hire a local
guide to avoid getting lost. After
a walk of about three hours form
Kharka, we reach a place called
Chaurikharka for lunch. From
Chaurikharka, we can clearly see
Chyamtang (2229m), Arun River,

Ridha Village and the road that leads


to Kimathanka. After lunch, the trek
is all downhill for about three hours
until we reach Arun River. After
crossing the suspension bridge over
the Arun, the trek is uphill for about
an hour until Chyamthang our
destination for the day. Chyamthang
(2229m) is a small yet beautiful village
with stone houses. Sherpas are the
dominant population in the village.

Trekking Agencies'
Association of Nepal- TAAN

136

Day l13

he trail on the day passes through rhododendron forest. The walk


is easy as chirping of birds make you feel refreshed. The trail is one
of the popular places for birding as we are entering Arun Valley that is
home to several bird species. A walk of about two and half hours from
Chyamthang takes us to Gimber Village (1585m) for lunch. Gimber Village
offers spectacular view of snowcapped peaks in the Makalu range. From
Gimber, the walk is easy and after a trek of about three hours we reach
Hatiya (1595) for the nights stay. Hatiya a small village of Bhote people
is the entry point to the Makalu National Park.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Day l14

he trek on the 14th day runs along the banks of Arun River. After
a walk of about two and half hours from Hatiya, we reach the
confluence of Arun and Barun rivers. After having lunch near the river
confluence, the trek progress toward Gola our destination for the day.
A walk of around two and half hours after lunch takes us to our camping
site at Gola. Gola is a very small village with only 12 houses. Sherpa, Rai
and Tamang people reside here.

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Day l15

he trek passes through paddy


fields on the 15th day a
sign that we are at lowlands now.
The walk is pleasing as the trail
makes a short descent, but again
makes a short climb. After a walk
of about two and half hours from
Gola, we reach Pathibhara (not to
be confused with the Pathibhara
temple in Taplejung district)
for lunch. Pathibhara (1524m)
is a small Gurung village with
tea shops, groceries and some
hotels. The trail after lunch passes

through agricultural land and we


can find plenty of water sources
and small settlements along the
way. We reach Gadhi (1800m) our
destination for the day after a
walk of around three hours from
Pathibhara. Gadhi (that means
fort in Nepali language) is a place
of great historical significance as
Nepali Army fought bravely with
invading Tibetan Army at this place
and chased them away. Gadhi is a
small village market with a health
post, a school and a police station.

Day l16

his is the last day of our trek. A walk of about two and half hours from
Gadhi takes us to Num. From Gadhi, the trek is about an hour downhill
till the Arun River. After crossing the river, an uphill climb of about one
and half hour takes us to the Num village (1572m). As Num is linked with
motorable road, we can hire a vehicle to Khandbari (1022m) the district
headquarters of Sankhuwasabha district. A drive of around 4-5 hours on
dirt road takes us to Khandbari. From Khandbari, buses are available to
Dharan or Biratnagar. Or you can take a vehicle to Tumlingtar airstrip and
fly directly to Kathmandu.

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Acknowledgement
Hundreds of people have contributed one thing or the other to produce
this meaningful book. Committed leaders of TAAN executive committee,
TV crews, photographers, cartographers, writers, trekking guides, porters,
associates, numerous local peoples of respective areas, their local/cultural/
religious dances, costumes, unforgettable hospitality incredible!!
Beside the list below, there are many unseen Heros , who have contributed
a lot in making TAANs mission beautiful and successful. TAAN always
remembers you all decent people walking hand in hand with TAAN.
Taplejung Exploration Team:
Rana Bahadur Khadka Team Leader
Hari Bhattarai Writer
Durga Ghimire & Rameshwor Ghimire Geographers
Rameshwor Maharjan Photogrpher
Shanta Nepali - Videographer
Divas Gurung Photographer
Suman Tamang Tamang - Cook
Malpa Lama & all the assiciates involved in the team
Upper Dolpa Exploration Team:
Mahendra Singh Thapa Team Leader
Devendra Dangol Operation Manager
Shanta Nepali Program Producer
Shubham Pradhan Camera Person
Prakash Khadka Photographer
Sewa Bhattarai Writer
Durga Ghimire Geographer
Shyam Kumar Rai Union Representative
Bhagawat Shri Neupane Union Representative
Ram Chandra Dhungana Union Representative
Ananda Singh Rawal Local Expert
Shantaram BK Guide / Cook
Jit Bahadur Basnet Himalayan Supporter
Gopal BK Himalayan Supporter
Jhar Singh Pun Himalayan Supporter
Dhan Bahadur BK Himalayan Supporter
Navin Basnet Himalayan Supporter
Bhupendra Khatiwada Himalayan Supporter
Lokendra BK Mule Driver

139

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Trekking Agencies'
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Lower Manaslu Exploration Team:


Gopal Babu Shrestha Team Leader
Hari D. Rai, Report Writer
Anuj Pradhan Environmentalist
Bimal Shrestha Cartographer
Gopen Rai Photographer
Shanta Nepali TTV Reporter
Kiran Shrestha TTV cameraperson
Ambar Gurung Representative of local organization
Mukti Dhakal Representative of local organization
Bijay Budasaini Representative of local organization
Sane Gurung Trekking-Guide- Guide
Tek Bahadur Gurung-Cook
Ruby Valley Exploration Team:
Rajendra Subedhi Team Leader
Saroj neupane Team Leader
Shiva sherestha Program Producer Dvd
Pardip acharya Camera Person
Divas Gurung Photographer
Alonzo Lyons Writer
Dipak Sherestha Geographer / Cartographer
Thal Man Sherpa Team Member
Dal B gurung Guide
Dan B gurung Asst Guide
Tek B Gurung Asst Guide
Norbu Nekor Lama Cook
Pasang Lopchen Kitchen boy
Rinji Sherpa Kitchen boy
Pasang Rai Kitchen boy
Jite Tamang Supporter
Kanchha Tamang Supporter
Budhiman Tamang Supporter
chhe sing Sing Lama Supporter
Jo singhi Ghale Supporter
Kancha Tamang Supporter
Nima Norbu Tamang Supporter
Kami Nekor Supporter
Sarki Tamang Supporter
Jit b Tamang Supporter
Nawang Dorje Supporter

Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

Executive Committee of GHTDC


Kul Bahadur Gurung President
Tej Bahadur Gurung Vice President
Rankesh Gurung Secretary
Sunita Tamang Treasurer

Members:
Manchhiring Tamang
Jay Ram Tamang
Sunita Blone Tamang
Himal Ghaley Gurung
Pradeep Tamang
Dal Bahadur Gurung
Buddhi Tamang
Chandra Tamang
Deepak Tamang
Chandra Gurung
Surya Tamang
Shanta Tamang
Tek Bahadur Gurung
Advisors- GHTDC
Buddhiman Tamang - Chief Advisor
Pushpa Bikram Malla
Dil Man Pakhrin
Jyoti Adhikari
Ramesh Dhamala
Silal Tamang
Chandra Tamang
Chandra Rijal
Thakul Pandey
Pamfa Dhamala
Hari Dharel
Working Committee:
Nabraj Dahal
Rajan Simkhada
Khum Subedi
Ramesh Dhamala (Sano)
Gokul K.C.
Rajendra Subedi
Saroj Neupane
Nabraj Pandey
Rajendra Sapkota
Dal Bahadur Adhikari
Keshab Pandey
Rup Chandra Gurung

Tann- 2012

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Discovering Tourism Destinations


& Trekking Trails in Nepal

TIMS Trekkers Information


Management System
Trekkers Information Management System
(TIMS) Charges are applicaple for foreign
trekkers in different Trekking routes in Nepal.
As a trekker entering a protected area in Nepal,
you will be asked to provide some information
about the dates of your trip, the itinerary, and
a contact number. These data will be inserted
in the visitors database, where they can be
accessed for park management purposes or
in case of accidents and/or natural calamities,
in order to inform the concerned institutions
about the trekkers inside the park at anytime
TIMS cards should be collected by both Free
Individual Trekkers (FITs) and trekkers taking
the service of government authorized trekking
agencies.
Past experiences have revealed that difficulties
were seen while carrying out rescue operations
during times of accidents and natural
calamities. Due to the lack of proper record
system of trekkers, rescue and search missions
used to face difficulties in spotting the missing
trekkers. Based on the data collected through
TIMS cards, however, it will be possible to
know the position of a trekker in case a rescue
operation is needed.
The provision of Trekkers Information
Management System (TIMS) came into effect
on January 1, 2008. Since then, the Trekking
Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN) and
Nepal Tourism Board (NTB) started recording
trekkers details and began issuing TIMS Card
to trekkers.
NTB and TAAN signed a Memorandum of
Understanding (MoU) on March 18, 2010
to implement the TIMS system in a new
format from April 1, 2010. NTB and TAAN
have introduced separate TIMS Cards for FITs
and organized groups. FITs need to have
Green TIMS cards by paying Nepali currency
equivalent to US $20 per person, while those
travelling in groups need to have Blue TIMS
cards by paying Nepali currency equivalent to
US $10 per person. Trekkers taking the service
of trekking agencies can pay fee for TIMS card
in US dollars. Citizines from SAARC Countries
will have to pay NRs. 200 only as TIMS Charge.

143

Where and how to obtain a TIMS Card?


Free Individual Trekkers:
Free Individual Trekkers can obtain TIMS
cards at the offices of Nepal Tourism
Board in Kathmandu and Pokhara, TAAN
Secretariat at Maligaun and TAAN Pokhara
Secretariat in Pokhara upon filling the TIMS
application firm.
Organized Trekkers
Trekking companies will collect trekkers
data and enter it in the central database
and will provide trekkers with a TIMS card
after paying fee prescribed above.
Opening Hour/s:
TIMS counter at TAAN follows regular

working hours (10am-5pm) and 365


days a year
NTB Offices follow government working
hours and days.
Trekking agencies open 12 hours a day
seven days a week.
Public Holidays Opening Hours 10:00
AM - 12:00 AM
Documents Required:
To obtain TIMS Card you need copy of:
Passport
two (2) Passport-size Photographs.
The Following Categories of people will
have to pay USD 5 unless he/she bring
official letter form consurn authority:
Expedition members permitted to climb
the mountains
Visitors in the controlled areas
with permits by the Department of
Immigration
Foreign guests invited by the
Government of Nepal
Authorities from the various diplomatic
missions present in the country, who
hold official letter/s and travel at their
own risk
Visitors on certain missions
recommended by the concerned
Governmental Department(s);
Foreign Nationals possessing a
residential visa.

Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN)


P.O. Box : 3612
Maligaun Ganeshthan, Kathmandu
Tel. : 977-1-4427473, 4440920, 4440921
Fax : 977-1-4419245
Email : taan@wlink.com.np

www.taan.org.np