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# EP 314:

## Process Dynamics and Controls

(May Aug, 2015)
Mohd Fauzi bin Zanil

EP 314:
Process Dynamics and Controls
(May Aug, 2015)
Mohd Fauzi bin Zanil

## 3f. Closed Loop System- Closed loop System Analysis

No
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Topic
No class
3d and e. Closed Loop System: Z-N & C-C controller design
method
Midterm (20%)
3f. Closed Loop System: Closed loop System Analysis
Tutorial 3
ShortQuiz3
4a. Frequency Response: Modelling in Frequency Domain
4b. Frequency Response: Bode diagram
4c. Frequency Response: PID controller design
Tutorial 4
ShortQuiz4
5a. Stability & System Analysis: Introduction
5b. Stability & System Analysis: Routh's test
5b. Stability & System Analysis: Controller Design
Test (10%)
5c. Stability & System Analysis: Criteria of Good Control
Tutorial 5
ShortQuiz5
6a. Introduction to Advanced Control System
6b. Introduction to Advanced Control System
Revission
Final Assignment Submission (10% from Laboratory )
No class

Week
7

Date
16/06/2015
18/06/2015
23/06/2015

25/06/2015

30/06/2015
9

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02/07/2015
07/07/2015
09/07/2015
14/07/2015
16/07/2015
21/07/2015

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23/07/2015
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28/07/2015
30/07/2015
04/08/2015
06/08/2015

## Upon the completion of this course,

students will be able to:
CLO1: Formulate the transfer function.
CLO2: Evaluate the closed loop block diagram.
CLO3: Analyze the stability of system.
CLO4: Design a conventional controller.
CLO5: Justify and present the best control.

## Revision: Development of Control System

Develop the negative unity feedback control system block diagram for the
system shown below.

+

+

## Typical control system used to study the effect of

controller modes on set-point change
= 1/

## Typical control system used to study the effect of

controller modes on load change
= 1/

## Proportional Control for Set Point

Change (Servo)
Overall transfer function

Where

## Proportional Control for Set Point

Change (Servo) cont.
For unit step change in TR

for

## Proportional Control for Set Point

Change (Servo) cont.

(Regulator)

## This may be arranged in the first-order system; thus

Where
For unit step change in Ti
Taking inverse Laplace we get
for

## Proportional Control for Load Change

(Regulator) cont.

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Load Change
Overall transfer function for load change is

## Since the denominator contains a quadratic expression, TF may

be written in standard form of 2nd-order system

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Load Change cont.

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Load Change cont.

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Set-Point Change
Transfer function of system shown

Note:
1 and are the
same as before

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Set-Point Change cont.

## Proportional-Integral Control for

Set-Point Change cont.

Example: Proportional-integral
control of stirred-tank heater

## Figure: Stirred-tank set point tracking with PI

control (1 = 2 min)

## Figure: Stirred-tank set point tracking with PI

control (Kc = 20)

## Proportional Control of System

with Measurement Lag

## Proportional Control of System

with Measurement Lag cont.
Transfer function is
where
For set-point change in TR , for

## Proportional Control of System

with Measurement Lag cont.

Figure: Effect of controller gain and measuring lag on system response for unit-step change in set point

Challenge
Determine the offset for Proportional-Integral Control
system with measurement lag. Given, () = 1/

1
1+