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# Beam Deflections:

## Double Integration Method

with Discontinuity Functions

Lectures #22-23
References:
Beer, F.P. et al. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 6th Ed. SI. McGraw-Hill.
Hibbeler, R.C. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 8th Ed. Prentice Hall.

## UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 22.1
Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

## Find the value of the maximum slope and

maximum deflection of the beam loaded as
shown:

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

IHST

## Problem 22.2 (Seatwork)

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

## Find the value of the maximum slope and

maximum deflection of the beam loaded as
shown:

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

IHST

## Problem 23.1 Discontinuity Functions

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

## Determine the deflection of end C of the

overhang beam. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Moment function Deflection Diagram Slope and Deflection (DIM, Constants of integration)
Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it

IHST

1 =

8 1

2
2 = 1
1

=
+ 1
1 16 1
3
=
+ 1 1 + 2
48 1

1
2

2 =
()

()
1

2 2

2
2 = 2
2

= 2 + 3
2
6
4
= 2 + 3 2
24
+ 4

## 1 BCs but 2 unknowns!

Boundary Conditions
1 = 0, = 0
. 2
2 = 0
_________________
1 = , = 0
. 2
3
1 =
48
_________________

2 = , = 0
2
. 4

4
+ 4 =
2 3
384
+1 Continuity Equation

1 = & 2 =
2

=
1 2
. 3 . 1
3
3 =
48
114
4 =
384

## Substituting the Constants

2 3

=
+
1 16 1
48
3 3
=
+

48 1
48 1

3 3

= 2 +
2
6
16
4 3
114
= 2 +

24
16 2
384

()

()
1

Deflection at end C
2 = 0
114
=
384

1
2

3
4

## a is the start of load application from x(0)

Discontinuity Functions

Table 2

## Lecture #21 & #22

Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

*W. H. Macaulay (18531936) introduced the use of the singularity functions to define the discontinuity functions for beam deflection

IHST

## Procedure for Analysis v4.0

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

FBD
Establish the moment function Table 2.0

Deformation

2
2

## Solve the equation

= () by integrating the
equation twice
Use the boundary conditions at specific points of the beam
to get constants of integration

IHST

## Problem 23.2 Discontinuity Function

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

2.75 kN

10.75 kN

IHST

## Problem 23.3 (not using the table)

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

## Determine the equation of the elastic curve

for the cantilevered beam show. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

10

IHST

## Problem 23.4 Discontinuity Function

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

## Determine the deflection of end C of the

overhang beam. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

11

IHST

## Problem 23.5 Homework

Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems