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Beam Deflections:

Double Integration Method


with Discontinuity Functions

Lectures #22-23
References:
Beer, F.P. et al. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 6th Ed. SI. McGraw-Hill.
Hibbeler, R.C. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 8th Ed. Prentice Hall.

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 22.1
Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

Find the value of the maximum slope and


maximum deflection of the beam loaded as
shown:

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it

IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 22.2 (Seatwork)


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

Find the value of the maximum slope and


maximum deflection of the beam loaded as
shown:

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it

IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 23.1 Discontinuity Functions


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

Determine the deflection of end C of the


overhang beam. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Moment function Deflection Diagram Slope and Deflection (DIM, Constants of integration)
Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it

IHST

1 =

8 1

2
2 = 1
1

=
+ 1
1 16 1
3
=
+ 1 1 + 2
48 1

1
2

2 BCs with 2 unknowns!


2 =
()

()
1

2 2

2
2 = 2
2

= 2 + 3
2
6
4
= 2 + 3 2
24
+ 4

1 BCs but 2 unknowns!

Boundary Conditions
1 = 0, = 0
. 2
2 = 0
_________________
1 = , = 0
. 2
3
1 =
48
_________________

2 = , = 0
2
. 4

4
+ 4 =
2 3
384
+1 Continuity Equation

1 = & 2 =
2

=
1 2
. 3 . 1
3
3 =
48
114
4 =
384

Substituting the Constants

2 3

=
+
1 16 1
48
3 3
=
+

48 1
48 1

3 3

= 2 +
2
6
16
4 3
114
= 2 +

24
16 2
384

()

()
1

Deflection at end C
2 = 0
114
=
384

1
2

3
4

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

a is the start of load application from x(0)

Discontinuity Functions

Table 2

Lecture #21 & #22


Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

*W. H. Macaulay (18531936) introduced the use of the singularity functions to define the discontinuity functions for beam deflection

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it Discontinuity

IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Procedure for Analysis v4.0


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

Internal resultant loading

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

FBD
Establish the moment function Table 2.0

Deformation

Deflection Diagram +M (concave up), -M (concave down)

DIM: Boundary conditions Table 1.0

Slope and Deflection

2
2

Solve the equation


= () by integrating the
equation twice
Use the boundary conditions at specific points of the beam
to get constants of integration

Analyze/Design a statically determinate/indeterminate beam

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UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 23.2 Discontinuity Function


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

2.75 kN

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it Discontinuity

10.75 kN

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UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 23.3 (not using the table)


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

Determine the equation of the elastic curve


for the cantilevered beam show. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it Discontinuity

10

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UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 23.4 Discontinuity Function


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives

Determine the deflection of end C of the


overhang beam. EI is constant.

Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems
Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it Discontinuity

11

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UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 23.5 Homework


Lecture #21 & #22
Review
Objectives
Elastic Curves
Remarks
Problems

The simply supported beam shown supports


the triangular distributed loading. Determine
its maximum deflection. EI is constant.

Discontinuity
Functions
Singularity Functions
Problems

Relate the displacements of a beam to the forces developed in it Discontinuity

12

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