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Hydraulic Structures Lectures Notes - ACI Code f...

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Water Structures, Hydraulic Structures Engineering, hydraulic structures


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Hydraulics
Structures

Hydraulic
Structures Engg.
Causes of Weir
Failure
Components of
a Barrage
Location of
Headworks
Duty - Definition
& Imp

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Design, Maintenance, Types & Components of Hydraulic Structures


Definition of Hydraulic Structures:
Hydraulic structures are anything that can be used to divert, restrict, stop, or otherwise manage the natural flow of
water. They can be made from materials ranging from large rock and concrete to obscure items such as wooden
timbers or tree trunks.
A dam, for instance, is a type of hydraulic structure used to hold water in a reservoir as potential energy, just as a
weir is a type of hydraulic structure which can be used to pool water for irrigation, establish control of the bed
(grade control) or, as a new innovative technique, to divert flow away from eroding banks or into diversion
channels for flood control.

Hydraulic Steel
Structures
Cross Drainage
Works
Open Channel
Flow
Water & Irrigation
Engineering

Irrigation
Engineering
Importance of
Irrigation
Crop Water
Requirement
Irrigation
Methods
Types of
Irrigation
Methods
Well Irrigation
Construction of
Wells

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OR
A hydraulic structure is a structure submerged or partially submerged in any body of water, which disrupts the
natural flow of water. They can be used to divert, disrupt or completely stop the flow. An example of a hydraulic
structure would be a dam, which slows the normal flow rate of river in order to power turbines.A hydraulic
structure can be built in rivers, a sea, or any body of water where there is a need for a change in the natural flow
of water.
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Headworks - Types & Location

Types of Headworks
1. Storage headwork
2. Diversion headwork
Location of Headworks
1. Rocky stage
2. Sub mountainous / boulder stage
3. Alluvial plan

Design of Barrage

Main Components of a Barrage

Weirs - Types & Components

The two main types of weirs are:


1. Gravity weir
2. Non Gravity weir
Main Components of a weir
Causes of Failure of weir | Remedies
Open Channel Flow

Bligh's Creep Theory

Assumptions

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Hydraulic Structures Lectures Notes - ACI Code f...

Strainers for
Wells
Blaney Criddle
& Hargreaves

Causes of Failure of Barrages | Remedies

Design Criteria

Site selection for barrage | Barrage Width | Barrage Design

Limitation of Bligh's Theory

Open Channel Flow VS Pipe Flow

Lane's Weighted Creep Theory

Water
Resources of
Pakistan
Civil Engineering
Tutorials

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Canal Head Regulator

Khosla' s Theory

Khosla and his associates took into account the flow pattern
below the impermeable base of hydraulic structure to
calculate uplift pressure and exit gradient.

Types of regulators
1. Still pond regulation
2. Open flow regulation
3. Silt control devices
4. Installing silt excluders
5. Silt extractor or silt ejector:

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After studying a lot of dam failure constructed based on


Blighs theory, Khosla came out with the following;
Method of independent variable

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1. Still pond regulation


2. Open flow regulation
3. Silt control devices
4. Installing silt excluders
5. Silt extractor or silt ejector:

1. Auiducts
2. Siphon Aqueducts
3. Super Passage
4. Canal Siphon

Other Subjects

Hot Weather
Concreting

Types of regulators

Types of regulators

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Technical
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Canal Head Regulator

Effects of Chute Slope on Stilling Basin

Effects:

Following are some factors affecting site selection for Cross


A factor which occasionally affects stilling basin operation is drainage works:
the slope of the chute upstream from the basin. The foregoing
1. Relative levels and discharges
experimentation was sufficiently extensive to shed some light
2. Performance
on this factor. The tests showed that the slope of chute
3. Size of drainage
upstream from the stilling basin was unimportant, as far as
4. Cost of earthwork
jump performance was concerned, provided the velocity
5. Provision of road
distribution in the jet entering the jump was reasonably
6. Foundation
uniform.
[Read More]

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Requirements of Small Hydropower Projects

1. Durability
2. Optimization
3. Flow closure
4. Maintenance and Materials..... read more [Read
More]

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Suitable Site Selection for Cross Drainage Works

Advntages and Disadvantages of Dams

Hydropower is the most widely used renewable energy


technology. It is a mature technology and its strengths and
weaknesses are equally well understood. Advantages and
disadvantages of hydropower schemes can be listed in terms
of economic, social and environmental aspects.

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Hydraulic Structures Lectures Notes - ACI Code f...

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Weir and Intake Requirements of Micro Hydel Power Systems


1. Choice of Site
2. Power Requirements
3. Floods
4. Clogging..... read more [Read More]

Structures Resisting HydroStatic Pressure

Hydrostatic Pressure is the force resisted by structures


against some hydraulic forces. Following are the few
examples of the structures resisting the hydrostatic pressure.
Civil engineering projects often require the construction.....
read more [Read More]

Retaining wall
Aqueducts
Pressure tunnels
Penstocks
Pipes etc

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Economic Aspects
Hydropower plants can provide peak load service. Their fast
response times enable them to meet sudden fluctuations in
demand and this improves electricity grid stability and
reliability. ..... read more [Read More]

Requirements of Small Hydropower Projects

1. Durability
2. Optimization
3. Flow closure
4. Maintenance and Materials..... read more [Read More]

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