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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

LAB REPORT

EME 3156 COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR


MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

TRIMESTER 2
SESSION 2015/2016
CMME 2
NAME
LEE CHNG KEAT
LIN YU CHEN
LEE JIN EE

STUDENT ID
1122700207
1122700870
1122701185

MAJOR
ME
ME
ME

DATE OF SUBMISSION: 21TH JANUARY 2015

Objectives:
The purpose of this experiment is to master the Abaqus Software to solve the given problem;
input given is the geometry, material properties, boundary conditions to solve the problem so
Abaqus is required in this task. Besides, mastering Abaqus helps in solving steady state heat
transfer problems and determine the temperature and heat flux distribution on the material.
Problem Definition:
Problem 1

Figure 1: Physical Form of Problem 1


Upon mastering of Abaqus Software from those web link provided by our lecturer, were
capable in solving the problem in Figure 1 using Abaqus. The problem show in Figure 1 is a
steady state 2 dimensional problem of heat conduction with temperature of all surface
labelled on it. By knowing the material, boundary condition and geometry of the problem we
can solve it using Abaqus.

Problem 2

Figure 2: Physical Form for Problem 2


For this particular question the boundary condition is defined by our lecturer during lab
session. The boundary condition we set is 1 degree Celsius for the left and top surface and 0
degree Celsius for the other surfaces. The material is Steel for this problem.

Result, Discussion, and Further Analysis:


Problem 1

Figure 3: Temperature Distribution of Problem 1

T=
node
ID
6
17
28
72
83

x
0.

n=1

n+1

(1) +1
sinh ( ny)
2
sin ( nx )

n=1
n
sinh ( n )

n=2

5
0.

1.273 0.000

0.

0.92

5
0.

9
0.

5
0.

8
0.

5
0.

4
0.

Analytical

Experiment

Error

Solution

data

(%)

0.000

1.273

27.30

0.000

0.927

0.807067

14.86

n=3

n=4

-0.424

0.000 -0.166

0.676 0.000

-0.064

0.000

0.676

0.628840

7.49

0.177 0.000

-0.001

0.000

0.177

0.178774

0.99

0.000

-0.0005

0.000

0.115

0.120682

4.71

0.115

Table 1: Data for Problem 1


Problem 2

Figure 4: Temperature Distribution for Problem 2


The Temperature distribution of Problem 1 can be referring to the Figure 3 which is showed
on the column labelled as (NT 11). We can know all temperature of every node using this
software. It is also the same thing applied to Figure 4 that we are able to know the
temperature distribution for problem 2 using Abaqus software.
We can compare the analytical result to the experimental result to judge whether the error for
obtaining the result from the experiment is large or small so that we are able to determine the
accuracy of this software. The analytical result can be calculated and obtained by using the
formula above. All the data for Problem 1 is then recorded in Table 1 above.

From Table 1, we know that the error we calculated is not too significant to bring impact for
us to obtain the final solution. However, the accuracy of this software is moderately high.
From Figure 4, we can see that the heat is transferred from left and top surfaces to other
surfaces. As the temperature existed at left and top surfaces are 1 degree Celsius while other
surfaces has only zero degree Celsius, we can understand that the red colour region means the
highest temperature within the object while the blue colour region implies the lowest
temperature. So, this temperature distribution is making sense from the boundary condition
we set in the first place.

Conclusion:
As a conclusion, we successfully learned the Abaqus Software to solve the two problems
given in the lab. We also learned how to determine the temperature and heat flux distribution.
Overall, this software is easy to understand and a better way to solve engineering problems.

References:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=5S7Hea8OHoM&list=PLsX3mwW4RiBJKMeOVjrbVgtPKw6p9p05-&index=1
http://www.slideshare.net/bendeaton/introduction-to-abaqus-fea-tutorial
http://perso.mines-albi.fr/~penazzi/emboutissage/getting-start-cae.pdf